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1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8332, 2024 04 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594498

RESUMEN

Augmented reality (AR) has been used for navigation during total hip arthroplasty (THA). AR computed tomography (CT)-based navigation systems and AR-based portable navigation systems that use smartphones can also be used. This study compared the accuracy of cup insertion during THA using AR-CT-based and portable AR-based navigation systems. Patients with symptomatic hip disease who underwent primary THA in the supine position using both AR CT-based and portable AR-based navigation systems simultaneously between October 2021 and July 2023 were included. The primary outcome of this study was the absolute difference between cup angles in the intraoperative navigation record and those measured on postoperative CT. The secondary outcome was to determine the factors affecting the absolute value of the navigation error in radiographic inclination (RI) and radiographic anteversion (RA) of the cup, including sex, age, body mass index, left or right side, approach, and preoperative pelvic tilt. This study included 94 consecutive patients. There were 11 men and 83 women, with a mean age of 68 years. The mean absolute errors of RI were 2.7° ± 2.0° in the AR CT-based and 3.3° ± 2.4° in the portable AR-based navigation system. The mean absolute errors of RA were 2.5° ± 2.1° in the AR CT-based navigation system and 2.3° ± 2.2° in the portable AR-based navigation system. No significant differences were observed in RI or RA of the cup between the two navigation systems (RI: p = 0.706; RA: p = 0.329). No significant factors affected the absolute value of the navigation errors in RI and RA. In conclusion, there were no differences in the accuracy of cup insertion between the AR CT-based and portable AR-based navigation systems.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Realidad Aumentada , Prótesis de Cadera , Cirugía Asistida por Computador , Masculino , Humanos , Femenino , Anciano , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/métodos , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X , Cirugía Asistida por Computador/métodos , Acetábulo/cirugía
2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8032, 2024 04 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580681

RESUMEN

This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to determine the impact of presurgical waiting times on pre-/post-operative joint specific pain and function, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and perspectives of patients awaiting primary elective total hip (THR) and knee (TKR) replacements. MEDLINE, EMBASE, PUBMED, and CENTRAL databases were searched from inception until 30th January 2023 (CRD42022288128). Secondary literature and unpublished datasets containing paediatric, non-elective, partial, or revision replacement populations were excluded. PRISMA 2020 reporting and GRADE certainty of evidence guidelines were followed. Residual maximum likelihood meta-analysis and linear meta-regression was performed to elucidate the influence of presurgical waiting time. Twenty-six studies were eligible for systematic review and sixteen for meta-analysis, capturing 89,996 patients (60.6% female, mean age 67.4 years) between 2001 and 2022. A significant deterioration in joint function (mean difference (MD):0.0575%; 95% CI 0.0064, 0.1086; p = 0.028(4d.p.); I2 = 73.1%) and HRQOL (MD: 0.05%; 95% CI - 0.0001.0009; p = 0.011(4 d.p.); I2 = 80.6%) was identified per additional day of waiting. Despite qualitative evidence, meta-analysis could not observe a relationship with postoperative outcome data. Patient responses to delayed THR and TKR surgery were unanimously negative. Immediate action should seek to reduce the increased patient anxiety and significant reductions in pre-operative joint functionality and HRQOL associated with prolonged pre-surgical waiting time, whilst mitigating any potential deleterious post-operative effects.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla , Humanos , Femenino , Niño , Anciano , Masculino , Calidad de Vida , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos , Articulación de la Rodilla , Dolor Postoperatorio
3.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 319, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580920

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Tramadol is increasingly used to treat acute postoperative pain among older adults following total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA). However, tramadol has a complex pharmacology and may be no safer than full opioid agonists. We compared the safety of tramadol, oxycodone, and hydrocodone among opioid-naïve older adults following elective THA/TKA. METHODS: This retrospective cohort included Medicare Fee-for-Service beneficiaries ≥ 65 years with elective THA/TKA between January 1, 2010 and September 30, 2015, 12 months of continuous Parts A and B enrollment, 6 months of continuous Part D enrollment, and no opioid use in the 6 months prior to THA/TKA. Participants initiated single-opioid therapy with tramadol, oxycodone, or hydrocodone within 7 days of discharge from THA/TKA hospitalization, regardless of concurrently administered nonopioid analgesics. Outcomes of interest included all-cause hospitalizations or emergency department visits (serious adverse events (SAEs)) and a composite of 10 surgical- and opioid-related SAEs within 90-days of THA/TKA. The intention-to-treat (ITT) and per-protocol (PP) hazard ratios (HRs) for tramadol versus other opioids were estimated using inverse-probability-of-treatment-weighted pooled logistic regression models. RESULTS: The study population included 2,697 tramadol, 11,407 oxycodone, and 14,665 hydrocodone initiators. Compared to oxycodone, tramadol increased the rate of all-cause SAEs in ITT analyses only (ITT HR 1.19, 95%CLs, 1.02, 1.41; PP HR 1.05, 95%CLs, 0.86, 1.29). Rates of composite SAEs were not significant across comparisons. Compared to hydrocodone, tramadol increased the rate of all-cause SAEs in the ITT and PP analyses (ITT HR 1.40, 95%CLs, 1.10, 1.76; PP HR 1.34, 95%CLs, 1.03, 1.75), but rates of composite SAEs were not significant across comparisons. CONCLUSIONS: Postoperative tramadol was associated with increased rates of all-cause SAEs, but not composite SAEs, compared to oxycodone and hydrocodone. Tramadol does not appear to have a superior safety profile and should not be preferentially prescribed to opioid-naïve older adults following THA/TKA.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla , Tramadol , Humanos , Anciano , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Analgésicos Opioides/efectos adversos , Tramadol/efectos adversos , Oxicodona/efectos adversos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla/efectos adversos , Hidrocodona , Estudios Retrospectivos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos , Medicare
4.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 229, 2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584259

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Pericapsular nerve group block (PENG) is an emerging regional anesthesia technique for hip surgery. However, its efficacy in total hip arthroplasty (THA) isn't well defined. We perform this meta-analysis aiming to assess the effect of Pericapsular nerve group block on pain control and morphine consumption in patients with total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: We searched four electronic databases (Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science dated from 2018 to October 2023) for published eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing PENG with placebo (no block/sham block) after THA. The outcome measurements consisted of pain score, opioid consumption, Time to first opioid, and postoperative complications. All data analyses were performed using STATA 12.0. RESULTS: Five RCTs comprising 808 participants were included. Our meta-analysis showed that there were significant differences between two groups in terms of pain score in PACU (WMD = - 0.598, 95% CI [- 0.886, - 0.310], P < 0.001), pain score at 6 h (WMD = - 0.614, 95% CI [- 0.835, - 0.392], P < 0.001) and time to first opioid (WMD = 5.214, 95% CI [4.545, 5.883], P < 0.001). However, no significant differences were revealed from the pain score at 24 h after THA (WMD = - 0.924, 95% CI [- 1.929, 0.081], P = 0.072). Meanwhile, the meta-analysis indicated that PENG significantly reduced 24-h opioid consumption (WMD = - 6.168, 95% CI [- 6.667, - 5.668], P < 0.001) and 48-h opioid consumption (WMD = - 7.171, 95% CI [- 8.994, - 5.348], P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Pericapsular nerve group block was effective for pain control up to postoperative 6 h and extending the time to the first opioid after THA. Moreover, it reduced postoperative opioid consumption when compared with a placebo group. Due to the high heterogeneity of the pain score after 24 h and the low-quality evidence, more high-quality RCTs are required to draw a definitive conclusion about pain control.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Bloqueo Nervioso , Humanos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapéutico , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos , Nervio Femoral , Dolor Postoperatorio/tratamiento farmacológico , Dolor Postoperatorio/etiología , Dolor Postoperatorio/prevención & control , Bloqueo Nervioso/métodos
5.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 259, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566097

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Modular neck femoral stems are advantageous because they can accurately restore the ideal hip geometry using various options in terms of offset, length, and version. However, there are concerns regarding junctional problems. Despite several reports on such issues, there is a lack of study on mid- to long-term results of these stems. The current study evaluated the mid-term results of patients who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty using a titanium-titanium (Ti-Ti) modular neck femoral stem. METHODS: In total, data on 47 hips (42 patients) that could be followed-up for ≥ 5 years after primary total hip arthroplasty using the Ti-Ti modular neck femoral stem from 2011 to 2015 were reviewed. There were 22 male and 20 female patients, and their mean age was 56.3 (range: 31-76) years. The mean follow-up period was 8 (range: 5-12) years. Functional and radiological outcomes, complications, and reoperations were investigated. In addition, we conducted a comparative analysis of the outcomes between those who underwent surgery using the Ti-Ti modular neck femoral stem and 41 hips (35 patients, 19 males and 16 females) that underwent primary total hip arthroplasty using nonmodular femoral stems as a control. RESULTS: In all Ti-Ti cases, the mean Harris Hip Scores were 50.6 (range: 6-59) preoperatively and 92.7 (range: 78-99) at the last follow-up (P < 0.001). Regarding the neck component's modularity, straight neck components were used in all Ti-Ti cases, and an anteverted or a retroverted neck was not used in any case. Stem revision was performed in one hip due to aseptic loosening. One hip underwent open reduction and internal fixation due to periprosthetic fracture without stem loosening. There were no cases of osteolysis and periprosthetic joint infection and clinically detectable junctional problems. The stem survival rate, with any stem revision as the endpoint, at 12 years was 96.6%. No significant difference was observed in the functional and radiological outcomes beween the Ti-Ti and nonmodular groups. CONCLUSIONS: The Ti-Ti modular neck femoral stem had comparable results with broadly used nonmodular femoral stems; hence, it can be a reliable option in primary total hip arthroplasty. However, in terms of the modularity itself of the modular neck femoral stem, whether the modular neck femoral stem is useful in uncomplicated primary total hip arthroplasty is unclear.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Prótesis de Cadera , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/métodos , Titanio , Diseño de Prótesis , Estudios Retrospectivos , Reoperación , Estudios de Seguimiento , Falla de Prótesis
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569087

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effect of surgical approach on return to braking after total hip arthroplasty (THA), and few studies have investigated braking after THA with modern surgical techniques and rehabilitation protocols. METHODS: In a prospective comparative design, we enrolled 65 patients who received right-sided primary THA at our institution from April 2018 through March 2020, 34 with a direct anterior approach (DAA) and 31 with a posterior approach (PA). Braking tests measuring brake reaction time (BRT) and brake pedal depression (BPD) were administered to patients preoperatively and at 1, 2, and 4 weeks postoperatively using a realistic driving simulator. BRT and BPD were compared between groups and preoperatively versus postoperatively using mixed-effects models. RESULTS: Preoperative BRT averaged 638 msec in the DAA group and 604 msec in the PA group (P = 0.31). At 1 week postoperatively, the DAA group had significantly prolonged BRT compared with preoperatively (694 msec, P = 0.02). No significant difference was observed in the PA group (633 msec, P = 0.31). Both groups had returned to baseline by 2 weeks, and both had significantly faster BRT at 4 weeks compared with preoperatively (583 msec for DAA, P = 0.01; 537 msec for PA, P < 0.001). BPD was similar between groups, and there were no significant differences between preoperative and postoperative BPD at any time point. CONCLUSIONS: With modern surgical techniques, BRT after right-sided THA returns to baseline levels approximately 2 weeks after surgery. There seems to be a quicker return to preoperative BRT observed in patients with a PA.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Conducción de Automóvil , Humanos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/métodos , Estudios Prospectivos , Tiempo de Reacción , Complicaciones Posoperatorias
7.
Clin Orthop Surg ; 16(2): 265-274, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562631

RESUMEN

Background: Cardiovascular comorbidities have been identified as a significant risk factor for adverse outcomes following surgery. The purpose of this study was to investigate its prevalence and impact on postoperative outcomes, hospital metrics, and mortality in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Our hypothesis was that patients with cardiovascular comorbidities would have worse outcomes, greater postoperative complication rates, and increased mortality compared to patients without cardiovascular disease. Methods: In this retrospective study, data from the National Inpatient Sample database from 2011 to 2020 were queried for patients who underwent TKA with preexisting cardiac comorbidities, including congestive heart failure (CHF), coronary artery disease (CAD), valvular dysfunction, and arrhythmia. Multivariate logistic regression analyses compared hospital metrics (length of stay, costs, and adverse discharge disposition), postoperative complications, and mortality rates while adjusting for demographic and clinical variables. All statistical analyses were performed using R studio 4.2.2 and Stata MP 17 and 18 with Python package. Results: A total of 385,585 patients were identified. Those with preexisting CHF, CAD, valvular dysfunction, or arrhythmias were found to be older and at higher risk of adverse outcomes, including prolonged length of stay, increased hospital charges, and increased mortality (p < 0.001). Additionally, all preexisting cardiac diagnoses led to an increased risk of postoperative myocardial infarction, acute kidney injury (AKI), and need for transfusion (p < 0.001). The presence of valvular dysfunction, arrhythmia, or CHF was associated with an increased risk of thromboembolic events (p < 0.001). The presence of CAD and valvular dysfunction was associated with an increased risk of urologic infection (p < 0.001). Conclusions: This study demonstrated that CHF, CAD, valvular dysfunction, and arrhythmia are prevalent among TKA patients and associated with worse hospital metrics, higher risk of perioperative complications, and increased mortality. As our use of TKA rises, a lower threshold for preoperative cardiology referral in older individuals and early preoperative counseling/intervention in those with known cardiac disease may be necessary to reduce adverse outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Humanos , Anciano , Estudios Retrospectivos , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/complicaciones , Factores de Riesgo , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Arritmias Cardíacas/complicaciones , Hospitales , Tiempo de Internación , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos
8.
Clin Orthop Surg ; 16(2): 210-216, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562629

RESUMEN

Background: As the population ages, the rates of hip diseases and fragility fractures are increasing, making total hip arthroplasty (THA) one of the best methods for treating elderly patients. With the increasing number of THA surgeries and diverse surgical methods, there is a need for standard evaluation protocols. This study aimed to use deep learning algorithms to classify THA videos and evaluate the accuracy of the labelling of these videos. Methods: In our study, we manually annotated 7 phases in THA, including skin incision, broaching, exposure of acetabulum, acetabular reaming, acetabular cup positioning, femoral stem insertion, and skin closure. Within each phase, a second trained annotator marked the beginning and end of instrument usages, such as the skin blade, forceps, Bovie, suction device, suture material, retractor, rasp, femoral stem, acetabular reamer, head trial, and real head. Results: In our study, we utilized YOLOv3 to collect 540 operating images of THA procedures and create a scene annotation model. The results of our study showed relatively high accuracy in the clear classification of surgical techniques such as skin incision and closure, broaching, acetabular reaming, and femoral stem insertion, with a mean average precision (mAP) of 0.75 or higher. Most of the equipment showed good accuracy of mAP 0.7 or higher, except for the suction device, suture material, and retractor. Conclusions: Scene annotation for the instrument and phases in THA using deep learning techniques may provide potentially useful tools for subsequent documentation, assessment of skills, and feedback.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Aprendizaje Profundo , Fracturas Óseas , Prótesis de Cadera , Humanos , Anciano , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/métodos , Acetábulo/cirugía , Fracturas Óseas/cirugía , Fémur/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos
9.
Clin Orthop Surg ; 16(2): 217-229, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562640

RESUMEN

Background: The objective of our study was to analyze the postoperative direct medical expenses and hospital lengths of stay (LOS) of elderly patients who had undergone either hemiarthroplasty (HA) or total hip arthroplasty (THA) for femoral neck fractures and to determine the indication of THA by comparing those variables between the 2 groups by time. Methods: In this comparative large-sample cohort study, we analyzed data from the 2011 to 2018 Korean National Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service database. The included patients were defined as elderly individuals aged 60 years or older who underwent HA or THA for a femoral neck fracture. A 1:1 risk-set matching was performed on the propensity score, using a nearest-neighbor matching algorithm with a maximum caliper of 0.01 of the hazard components. In comparative interrupted time series analysis, time series were constructed using the time unit of one-quarter before and after 3 years from time zero. For the segmented regression analysis, we utilized a generalized linear model with a gamma distribution and logarithmic link function. Results: A total of 4,246 patients who received THA were matched and included with 4,246 control patients who underwent HA. Although there was no statistically significant difference in direct medical expense and hospital LOS for the first 6 months after surgery, direct medical expenses and hospital LOS in THA were relatively reduced compared to the HA up to 24 months after surgery (p < 0.05). In the subgroup analysis, the THA group's hospital LOS decreased significantly compared to that of the HA group during the 7 to 36 months postoperative period in the 65 ≤ age < 80 age group (p < 0.05). Direct medical expenses of the THA group significantly decreased compared to those of the HA group during the period from 7 to 24 months after surgery in the men group (p < 0.05). Conclusions: When performing THA in elderly patients with femoral neck fractures, the possibility of survival for at least 2 years should be considered from the perspective of medical expense and medical utilization. Additionally, in healthy and active male femoral neck fracture patients under the age of 80 years, THA may be more recommended than HA.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Fracturas del Cuello Femoral , Hemiartroplastia , Anciano , Humanos , Masculino , Tiempo de Internación , Estudios de Cohortes , Análisis de Series de Tiempo Interrumpido , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Fracturas del Cuello Femoral/cirugía
10.
Clin Orthop Surg ; 16(2): 201-209, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38562642

RESUMEN

Background: Proximal-distal mismatch has emerged as a prominent concern in Dorr type A femoral morphology, prompting the exploration of short stems as promising alternatives to conventional stems. This study aimed to evaluate clinical and radiographic outcomes of total hip arthroplasty (THA) using short femoral stems in Dorr type A proximal femoral morphology with a minimum follow-up of 5 years. Methods: Patients with short femoral stems in Dorr type A between 2011 and 2017 were included. Patients with the Short Modular Femoral (SMF) stem and Metha stem were recruited and patients with a shortened tapered stem (Tri-Lock BPS) were matched by propensity score matching based on age, sex, body mass index, calcar to canal ratio, and diagnosis. Patient-reported outcomes and the presence of thigh pain were assessed at 5 years postoperatively. Revision rate, complication rate, and radiographic outcomes were also assessed and compared. Results: Twenty-two cases (81%) in the SMF stem and 43 cases (65%) in the Metha stem had more than 5 years of follow-up data available. The SMF stem showed a higher failure rate than the other 2 groups, with 18% requiring revision surgery in the SMF stem compared to 4.6% in the Metha stem, and 2.3% in the Tri-Lock BPS. The SMF stem showed considerable complications such as stem position change and lateral cortical hypertrophy with inferior clinical outcomes than the other 2 stem groups. When the Metha stem and the Tri-Lock BPS groups were compared, more intraoperative fractures were observed in the Metha stem, whereas stress shielding and anterior thigh pain were significantly more prevalent in the Tri-Lock BPS. Conclusions: The SMF stem might be less reliable than previously reported, showing a high failure rate and increased radiologic complications. Thus, its use for THA in Dorr Type A femurs needs caution. On the other hand, the Metha stem showed comparable outcomes to the shortened tapered Tri-Lock BPS.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Prótesis de Cadera , Humanos , Supervivencia , Diseño de Prótesis , Fémur/diagnóstico por imagen , Fémur/cirugía , Reoperación , Dolor/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Estudios de Seguimiento
12.
Surg Infect (Larchmt) ; 25(3): 240-246, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38588520

RESUMEN

Background: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is one of the most common inpatient and outpatient surgical procedures performed in the United States and is predicted to increase 401% by 2040. Surgical site infections (SSIs) at an incidence rate of approximately 2% are costly post-operative complications in TKA. Intra-operative surgical irrigants are used to decrease contaminating microbial bioburden within the surgical site to prevent SSI. The primary objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the impact of a novel surgical irrigant called XPERIENCE® Advanced Surgical Irrigation (XP; Next Science, Jacksonville, FL) on SSI incidence in primary TKA performed at an ambulatory surgery center (ASC). Patients and Methods: Primary TKAs were performed at a free-standing ASC. The novel surgical irrigant was used intra-operatively to rinse away debris and micro-organisms from the surgical site. Retrospective data collation included SSI rates, complication rates, and re-admissions due to SSI within 90 days of index surgery. Results: Among the 524 primary TKA surgeries, one peri-prosthetic joint infection (PJI) was diagnosed within 90 days of index surgery and one superficial incisional SSI was diagnosed within 30 days of index surgery. The PJI was attributed to an exogenously acquired upper respiratory tract infection rather than due to the failure of intra-operative regimes. The 0.19% PJI incidence rate indicated significant efficacy of XP in decreasing PJI. An overall complication rate of 7.82% was noted with none of the complications associated with usage of the novel surgical irrigant. Conclusions: XPERIENCE is a promising intra-operative antimicrobial irrigant that can be easily incorporated into a broader infection prevention strategy.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla , Infecciones Relacionadas con Prótesis , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica/epidemiología , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica/prevención & control , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica/etiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla/efectos adversos , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Ambulatorios/efectos adversos , Incidencia , Infecciones Relacionadas con Prótesis/epidemiología , Infecciones Relacionadas con Prótesis/prevención & control , Infecciones Relacionadas con Prótesis/etiología , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos
13.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 276, 2024 Apr 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600475

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Traditional total hip arthroplasty (THA) using the direct anterior approach (DAA) requires a hip extension. This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of patients undergoing THA with DAA using either the no hip extension (NHE) or the traditional hip extension (THE) strategy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of demographics, clinical and radiological outcomes, and occurrence of complications was performed using data from 123 patients treated between January 2020 and November 2021. The patients were categorised into two groups: NHE (84 patients) and THE (39 patients). RESULTS: The NHE group exhibited shorter operative time and had more male participants with higher ages. Comparable outcomes were observed in the visual analogue scale, Harris Hip, and Oxford Hip scores at the final follow-up. Furthermore, complications were observed in the NHE and THE groups, including two and one greater trochanteric fractures and three and one transfusions, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to the THE, employing the NHE strategy during THA with DAA in elderly and young female patients resulted in comparable clinical outcomes with several advantages, such as favourable surgical time. The NHE method also exhibited good safety and effectiveness. Therefore, the NHE strategy may be a favourable option for elderly and young female patients.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Anciano , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/métodos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Radiografía , Tempo Operativo
14.
IEEE J Transl Eng Health Med ; 12: 340-347, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606389

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Cemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) demonstrates superior survival rates compared to uncemented procedures. Nevertheless, most younger patients opt for uncemented THA, as removing well-fixed bone cement in the femur during revisions is complex, particularly the distal cement plug. This removal procedure often increases the risk of femoral fracture or perforation, haemorrhage and weakening bone due to poor drill control and positioning. Aim of this study was to design a novel drill guide to improve drill positioning. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A novel orthopaedic drill guide was developed, featuring a compliant centralizer activated by a drill guide actuator. Bone models were prepared to assess centralizing performance. Three conditions were tested: drilling without guidance, guided drilling with centralizer activation held, and guided drilling with centralizer activation released. Deviations from the bone centre were measured at the entry and exit point of the drill. RESULTS: In the centralizing performance test, the drill guide significantly reduced drill hole deviations in both entry and exit points compared to the control ([Formula: see text]). The absolute deviation on the exit side of the cement plug was 10.59mm (SD 1.56) for the 'No drill guide' condition, 3.02mm (SD 2.09) for 'Drill guide - hold' and 2.12mm (SD 1.71) for 'Drill guide - release'. The compliant drill guide centralizer significantly lowered the risk of cortical bone perforation during intramedullary canal drilling in the bone models due to better control of the cement drill position. Clinical and Translational Impact Statement: The drill guide potentially reduces perioperative risks in cemented femoral stem revision. Future research should identify optimal scenarios for its application.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Prótesis de Cadera , Ortopedia , Humanos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos , Reoperación , Fémur/cirugía , Cementos para Huesos/uso terapéutico
15.
Am J Manag Care ; 30(4): e103-e108, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38603535

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To compare 12-month total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) rates for digital musculoskeletal (MSK) program members vs patients who received traditional care for knee or hip osteoarthritis (OA). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, longitudinal study with propensity score-matched comparison group that used commercial medical claims data representing more than 100 million commercially insured lives. METHODS: Study participants with hip OA (M16.x) or knee OA (M17.x) International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) codes were identified in the medical claims database. Digital MSK program members were identified using record linkage tokens. The comparison group had hip- or knee-related physical therapy identified via ICD-10-CM and Current Procedural Terminology codes. Respectively in each knee and hip OA group, digital members were matched to control group patients with similar demographics, comorbidities, and baseline MSK-related medical care use. TKA and THA at 12 months post participation were compared. RESULTS: In the knee OA group, 739 of 56,634 control group patients were matched to 739 digital members. At 12 months, 3.79% of digital members and 14.21% of control group patients had TKA (difference, 10.42%; P < .001). In the hip OA group, 141 of 20,819 control group patients were matched to 141 digital members. At 12 months, 16.31% of digital members and 32.62% of control group patients had THA (difference, 16.31%; P = .001). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that patients who participated in a digital MSK program to manage OA have lower rates of total joint arthroplasty in the 12 months after enrollment.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla , Osteoartritis de la Cadera , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla , Humanos , Osteoartritis de la Cadera/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estudios Longitudinales , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/cirugía
16.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 255, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561701

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Arthroplasty registries are rarely used to inform encounters between clinician and patient. This study is part of a larger one which aimed to develop an information tool allowing both to benefit from previous patients' experience after total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study focuses on generating the information tool specifically for pain outcomes. METHODS: Data from the Geneva Arthroplasty Registry (GAR) about patients receiving a primary elective THA between 1996 and 2019 was used. Selected outcomes were identified from patient and surgeon surveys: pain walking, climbing stairs, night pain, pain interference, and pain medication. Clusters of patients with homogeneous outcomes at 1, 5, and 10 years postoperatively were generated based on selected predictors evaluated preoperatively using conditional inference trees (CITs). RESULTS: Data from 6,836 THAs were analysed and 14 CITs generated with 17 predictors found significant (p < 0.05). Baseline WOMAC pain score, SF-12 self-rated health (SRH), number of comorbidities, SF-12 mental component score, and body mass index (BMI) were the most common predictors. Outcome levels varied markedly by clusters whilst predictors changed at different time points for the same outcome. For example, 79% of patients with good to excellent SRH and less than moderate preoperative night pain reported absence of night pain at 1 year after THA; in contrast, for those with fair/poor SHR this figure was 50%. Also, clusters of patients with homogeneous levels of night pain at 1 year were generated based on SRH, Charnley, WOMAC night and pain scores, whilst those at 10 years were based on BMI alone. CONCLUSIONS: The information tool generated under this study can provide prospective patients and clinicians with valuable and understandable information about the experiences of "patients like them" regarding their pain outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Humanos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Estudios Prospectivos , Datos de Salud Recolectados Rutinariamente , Dolor/etiología
17.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 248, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561717

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Obesity represents an epidemic of rising numbers worldwide year after year. In the Orthopedic field, obesity is one of the major causes leading to osteoarthritis needing Total Joint Arthroplasty (TJA). Still, contextually, it represents one of the most significant risk factors for joint replacement complications and failures. So, bariatric Surgery (BS) is becoming a valuable option for weight control and mitigating obesity-related risk factors. This review of the literature and meta-analysis aims to evaluate periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) and surgical site infections (SSI) rates in patients who underwent TKA after BS compared to obese patients without BS. METHODS: Systematic review was performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines up to October 2023. We included longitudinal studies comparing obese patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty after bariatric surgery (study group) and obese patients who underwent TKA (control group). The surgical site infection and Periprosthetic joint infection rate were compared among groups using a meta-analytical approach. RESULTS: The online database and references investigation identified one hundred and twenty-five studies. PJI rate differed significantly among groups, (z = -21.8928, p < 0.0001), with a lower risk in the BS group (z = -10.3114, p < 0.0001), for SSI, instead, not statistically significance were recorded (z = -0.6784, p = 0.4975). CONCLUSIONS: The current Literature suggests that Bariatric Surgery can reduce infectious complications in TKA, leading to better outcomes and less related costs treating of knee osteoarthritis in obese patients.


Asunto(s)
Artritis Infecciosa , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla , Cirugía Bariátrica , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla , Infecciones Relacionadas con Prótesis , Humanos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla/efectos adversos , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica/etiología , Cirugía Bariátrica/efectos adversos , Obesidad/complicaciones , Obesidad/cirugía , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/epidemiología , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/cirugía , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/complicaciones , Artritis Infecciosa/etiología , Infecciones Relacionadas con Prótesis/epidemiología , Infecciones Relacionadas con Prótesis/prevención & control , Estudios Retrospectivos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos
18.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 206, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561763

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Reports show a high complication rate when starting with the Direct Anterior Approach (DAA) in a supine position for hip arthroplasty. The DAA with the patient in lateral decubitus position may avoid this problem because it supposedly provides better visibility, especially on the femoral side. However, this approach did show a rather high complication rate during the adoption of the approach at 1 year follow up in our previous report. We were interested what the overall 7 year survival estimate would be and whether improvement could be seen with growing experience. METHODS: A cohort of patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty right from the start of applying the DAA in lateral decubitus position was analysed. RESULTS: In total 175 hip prostheses (162 patients) were evaluated. The 7-year survival estimate was 95.1%, 95 CI: 91.8-98.4%. In 6 of 8 revisions there was aseptic loosening of the stem. By dividing the cohort into 3 consecutive groups in time we did not see a significantly improving revision rate. CONCLUSIONS: In our experience, the adoption of the direct anterior approach in lateral decubitus position caused a relatively low 7-year survival estimate without an apparent decrease with growing experience, however given the low number of cases further research is needed to investigate the long-term risk of adopting a new approach.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Prótesis de Cadera , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/métodos , Fémur/cirugía , Reoperación
19.
J Robot Surg ; 18(1): 160, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578350

RESUMEN

Robotic assisted (RA) total hip arthroplasty (THA) offers improved acetabular component placement and radiographic outcomes, but inconsistent assessment methods of its learning curves render the evaluation of adopting novel platforms challenging. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review to assess the learning curve associated with RA-THA, both tracking a surgeon's performance across initial cases and comparing their performance to manual THA (M-THA). PubMed, MEDLINE, EBSCOhost, and Google Scholar were searched on June 16, 2023, to identify studies published between January 1, 2000 and June 16, 2023 (PROSPERO registration: CRD42023437339). The query yielded 655 unique articles, which were screened for eligibility. The final analysis included 11 articles, evaluating 1351 THA procedures. Risk of bias was assessed via the Methodological Index for Nonrandomized Studies (MINORS) tool. The mean MINORS score was 21.3 ± 0.9. RA-THA provided immediate improvements in acetabular component placement accuracy and radiographic outcomes compared to M-THA, with little to no experience required to achieve peak proficiency. A modest learning curve (12-17 cases) was associated with operative time, which was elevated compared to M-THA (+ 9-13 min). RA-THA offers immediate advantages to M-THA for component placement accuracy and radiographic outcomes. Surgeons should expect to experience increased operative times, which become less pronounced or equivalent to M-THA after a modest caseload.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados , Cirugía Asistida por Computador , Humanos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/métodos , Curva de Aprendizaje , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados/métodos , Acetábulo/diagnóstico por imagen , Acetábulo/cirugía , Cirugía Asistida por Computador/métodos
20.
Swiss Med Wkly ; 154: 3536, 2024 Jan 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579291

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Growing evidence raises doubts about the need for routine hip precautions after primary total hip replacements to reduce the risk of postoperative dislocation. However, hip precautions are still routinely and widely prescribed in postoperative care in Switzerland. We aimed to investigate experts' clinical reasoning for hip precaution recommendations after total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: Using a convenience sampling strategy, 14 semi-structured expert interviews were conducted with surgeons, physiotherapists, and occupational therapists in the vicinity of an inpatient rehabilitation clinic in Switzerland. Data analysis followed Mayring's principle of inductive and deductive structuring content analysis. RESULTS: Expert statements from the interviews were summarised into four main categories and 10 subcategories. Categories included statements on the incidences of dislocation and underlying risk factors; current preferences and use of hip precautions; their effect on physical function, anxiety, or costs; and patient's adherence to the movement restrictions. Hip surgeons routinely prescribed hip precautions, although in different variations. Fear of dislocation and caution are barriers to changing current practice. Some surgeons are considering individualised prescribing based on patients' risk of dislocation, which therapists would welcome. CONCLUSION: A lack of clear instructions from the surgeon leads to ambiguity among therapists outside the acute hospital. A shared understanding of the need for and nature of hip precautions, guidelines from societies, or at least specific instructions from surgeons to therapists are warranted.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Luxación de la Cadera , Humanos , Luxación de la Cadera/epidemiología , Luxación de la Cadera/etiología , Suiza , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/prevención & control , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Cuidados Posoperatorios/efectos adversos
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