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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612667

RESUMEN

Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is characterized by low-grade inflammation, loss of articular cartilage, subchondral bone remodeling, synovitis, osteophyte formation, and pain. Strong, continuous pain may indicate the need for joint replacement in patients with end-stage OA, although postoperative pain (POP) of at least a two-month duration persists in 10-40% of patients with OA. STUDY PURPOSE: The inflammation observed in joint tissues is linked to pain caused by the production of proinflammatory cytokines. Since the biosynthesis of cytokines requires energy, their production is supported by extensive metabolic conversions of carbohydrates and fatty acids, which could lead to a disruption in cellular homeostasis. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the association between POP development and disturbances in energy metabolic conversions, focusing on carbohydrate and fatty acid metabolism. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were collected from 26 healthy subjects and 50 patients with end-stage OA before joint replacement surgery. All implants were validated by orthopedic surgeons, and patients with OA demonstrated no inherent abnormalities to cause pain from other reasons than OA disease, such as malalignment, aseptic loosening, or excessive bleeding. Pain levels were assessed before surgery using the visual analogue scale (VAS) and neuropathic pain questionnaires, DN4 and PainDETECT. Functional activity was evaluated using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). Three and six months after surgery, pain indices according to a VAS of 30 mm or higher were considered. Total RNA isolated from whole blood was analyzed using quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) for the expression of genes related to carbohydrate and fatty acid metabolism. Protein levels of the examined genes were measured using an ELISA in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). We used qRT-PCR because it is the most sensitive and reliable method for gene expression analysis, while an ELISA was used to confirm our qRT-PCR results. KEY FINDINGS: Among the study cohort, 17 patients who reported POP demonstrated significantly higher (p < 0.05) expressions of the genes PKM2, LDH, SDH, UCP2, CPT1A, and ACLY compared to pain-free patients with KOA. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses confirmed the association between these gene expressions and pain development post-arthroplasty. A principle component analysis identified the prognostic values of ACLY, CPT1A, AMPK, SDHB, Caspase 3, and IL-1ß gene expressions for POP development in the examined subjects. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the disturbances in energy metabolism, as observed in the PBMCs of patients with end-stage KOA before arthroplasty, may contribute to POP development. An understanding of these metabolic processes could provide insights into the pathogenesis of KOA. Additionally, our findings can be used in a clinical setting to predict POP development in end-stage patients with KOA before arthroplasty.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla , Humanos , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/cirugía , Leucocitos Mononucleares , Dolor Postoperatorio , Inflamación , Carbohidratos , Citocinas , Ácidos Grasos
2.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0298152, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626226

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study compares aspirin to enoxaparin for symptomatic VTE prophylaxis within 90 days of any type of hip or knee arthroplasty performed for any diagnosis, in patients enrolled in the CRISTAL trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CRISTAL was a cluster-randomised crossover, registry-nested non-inferiority trial across 31 hospitals in Australia. The primary publication was restricted to patients undergoing primary total hip or knee arthroplasty for a diagnosis of osteoarthritis. This report includes all enrolled patients undergoing hip or knee arthroplasty procedures (partial or total, primary or revision) performed for any indication. Hospitals were randomized to administer patients aspirin (100mg daily) or enoxaparin (40mg daily), for 35 days after hip arthroplasty and 14 days after knee arthroplasty. Crossover occurred after the patient enrolment target had been met for the first group. The primary outcome was symptomatic VTE within 90 days. Analyses were performed by randomization group. RESULTS: Between April 20, 2019 and December 18, 2020, 12384 patients were enrolled (7238 aspirin group and 5146 enoxaparin). Of these, 6901 (95.3%) given aspirin and 4827 (93.8%) given enoxaparin (total 11728, 94.7%) were included in the final analyses. Within 90 days, symptomatic VTE occurred in 226 (3.27%) aspirin patients and 85 (1.76%) enoxaparin patients, significant for the superiority of enoxaparin (estimated treatment difference 1.85%, 95% CI 0.59% to 3.10%, p = 0.004). Joint-related reoperation within 90 days was lower in the enoxaparin group (109/4827 (2.26%) vs 171/6896 (2.47%) with aspirin, estimated difference 0.77%; 95% CI 0.06% to 1.47%, p = 0.03). There were no significant differences in the other secondary outcomes. CONCLUSION: In patients undergoing hip or knee arthroplasty (of any type, performed for any indication) enrolled in the CRISTAL trial, aspirin compared to enoxaparin resulted in a significantly higher rate of symptomatic VTE and joint-related reoperation within 90 days. These findings extend the applicability of the CRISTAL trial results. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Anzctr.org.au, identifier: ACTRN12618001879257.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla , Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Tromboembolia Venosa , Humanos , Enoxaparina/uso terapéutico , Aspirina/uso terapéutico , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiología , Tromboembolia Venosa/prevención & control , Tromboembolia Venosa/tratamiento farmacológico , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla/efectos adversos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapéutico
3.
Orthop Nurs ; 43(2): 84-92, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38546681

RESUMEN

Enhanced Recovery After Surgery programs are common among healthcare systems and various surgical disciplines. Although evidence supporting the physiological rationale of multiple nutrition, physical activity, and pain control strategies before, during, and after surgical procedures is accumulating, implementing such strategies may pose a substantial challenge. The purpose of this quality improvement initiative was to outline the development, workflow, and implementation of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery program for same-day total joint replacement procedures in a rural healthcare setting. This was not just an academic exercise. Our leadership had a strong desire to support our patients by identifying ways to hasten their recovery so that they can return to their preferred activities.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Recuperación Mejorada Después de la Cirugía , Ortopedia , Humanos , Ejercicio Físico , Liderazgo
4.
Bone Joint J ; 106-B(4): 401-411, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38555939

RESUMEN

Aims: To assess the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) that compares three treatments for acetabular fractures in older patients: surgical fixation, surgical fixation and hip arthroplasty (fix-and-replace), and non-surgical treatment. Methods: Patients were recruited from seven UK NHS centres and randomized to a three-arm pilot trial if aged older than 60 years and had a displaced acetabular fracture. Feasibility outcomes included patients' willingness to participate, clinicians' capability to recruit, and dropout rates. The primary clinical outcome measure was the EuroQol five-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D) at six months. Secondary outcomes were Oxford Hip Score, Disability Rating Index, blood loss, and radiological and mobility assessments. Results: Between December 2017 and December 2019, 60 patients were recruited (median age 77.4 years, range 63.3 to 88.5) (39/21 M/F ratio). At final nine-month follow-up, 4/60 (7%) had withdrawn, 4/60 (7%) had died, and one had been lost to follow-up; a 98% response rate (50/51) was achieved for the EQ-5D questionnaire. Four deaths were recorded during the three-year trial period: three in the non-surgical treatment group and one in the fix-and-replace group. Conclusion: This study has shown a full-scale RCT to be feasible, but will need international recruitment. The Acetabular Fractures in older patients Intervention Trial (AceFIT) has informed the design of a multinational RCT sample size of 1,474 or 1,974 patients for a minimal clinically important difference of 0.06 on EQ-5D, with a power of 0.8 or 0.9, and loss to follow-up of 20%. This observed patient cohort comprises a medically complex group requiring multidisciplinary care; surgeon, anaesthetist, and ortho-geriatrician input is needed to optimize recovery and rehabilitation.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Fracturas de Cadera , Fracturas de la Columna Vertebral , Humanos , Anciano , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Estudios de Factibilidad , Proyectos de Investigación , Resultado del Tratamiento
5.
Healthc Q ; 26(4): 10-13, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482642

RESUMEN

Joint replacements are among the most effective and most frequently performed surgeries in Canada. Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are measurement instruments completed by patients about aspects of their health status, including pain and function. PROMs data from three provinces show that approximately nine in 10 patients report higher PROM scores after joint replacement surgery. These data can help identify factors that lead to better care and opportunities to further understand what contributes to a patient's perception of surgical success. Expanding the collection of PROMs to more patients and more provinces is needed to help healthcare planners and clinicians understand these important outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla , Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Humanos , Medición de Resultados Informados por el Paciente , Estado de Salud , Canadá , Calidad de Vida
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(5)2024 Feb 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474083

RESUMEN

Diamond-like carbon (DLC) layers are known for their high corrosion and wear resistance, low friction, and high biocompatibility. However, it is often necessary to dope DLC layers with additional chemical elements to strengthen their adhesion to the substrate. Ti-DLC layers (doped with 0.4, 2.1, 3.7, 6.6, and 12.8 at.% of Ti) were prepared by dual pulsed laser deposition, and pure DLC, glass, and polystyrene (PS) were used as controls. In vitro cell-material interactions were investigated with an emphasis on cell adhesion, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation. We observed slightly increasing roughness and contact angle and decreasing surface free energy on Ti-DLC layers with increasing Ti content. Three-week biological experiments were performed using adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (bmMSCs) in vitro. The cell proliferation activity was similar or slightly higher on the Ti-doped materials than on glass and PS. Osteogenic cell differentiation on all materials was proved by collagen and osteocalcin production, ALP activity, and Ca deposition. The bmMSCs exhibited greater initial proliferation potential and an earlier onset of osteogenic differentiation than the ADSCs. The ADSCs showed a slightly higher formation of focal adhesions, higher metabolic activity, and Ca deposition with increasing Ti content.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas , Titanio/química , Propiedades de Superficie , Carbono/química , Osteogénesis , Diferenciación Celular , Células Madre Mesenquimatosas/metabolismo
7.
IEEE J Transl Eng Health Med ; 12: 314-327, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38486844

RESUMEN

The longevity of current joint replacements is limited by aseptic loosening, which is the primary cause of non-infectious failure for hip, knee, and ankle arthroplasty. Aseptic loosening is typically caused either by osteolysis from particulate wear, or by high shear stresses at the bone-implant interface from over-constraint. Our objective was to demonstrate feasibility of a compliant intramedullary stem that eliminates over-constraint without generating particulate wear. The compliant stem is built around a compliant mechanism that permits rotation about a single axis. We first established several models to understand the relationship between mechanism geometry and implant performance under a given angular displacement and compressive load. We then used a neural network to identify a design space of geometries that would support an expected 100-year fatigue life inside the body. We additively manufactured one representative mechanism for each of three anatomic locations, and evaluated these prototypes on a KR-210 robot. The neural network predicts maximum stress and torsional stiffness with 2.69% and 4.08% error respectively, relative to finite element analysis data. We identified feasible design spaces for all three of the anatomic locations. Simulated peak stresses for the three stem prototypes were below the fatigue limit. Benchtop performance of all three prototypes was within design specifications. Our results demonstrate the feasibility of designing patient- and joint-specific compliant stems that address the root causes of aseptic loosening. Guided by these results, we expect the use of compliant intramedullary stems in joint reconstruction technology to increase implant lifetime.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Humanos , Interfase Hueso-Implante
8.
Biomacromolecules ; 25(4): 2312-2322, 2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38456765

RESUMEN

Local delivery of pain medication can be a beneficial strategy to address pain management after joint replacement, as it can decrease systemic opioid usage, leading to less side and long-term effects. In this study, we used ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), commonly employed as a bearing material for joint implants, to deliver a wide set of analgesics and the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug tolfenamic acid. We blended the drugs with UHMWPE and processed the blend by compression molding and sterilization by low-dose gamma irradiation. We studied the chemical stability of the eluted drugs, drug elution, tensile properties, and wear resistance of the polymer blends before and after sterilization. The incorporation of bupivacaine hydrochloride and tolfenamic acid in UHMWPE resulted in either single- or dual-drug loaded materials that can be sterilized by gamma irradiation. These compositions were found to be promising for the development of clinically relevant drug-eluting implants for joint replacement.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo , ortoaminobenzoatos , Ensayo de Materiales , Polietilenos/química , Analgésicos , Antiinflamatorios no Esteroideos
9.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 24(4): 421-429, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438300

RESUMEN

AIM: While insulin sensitivity plays an important role in maintaining glucose metabolic homeostasis and cognitive function, its impact on postoperative delirium (POD) remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the association between POD and indicators of insulin sensitivity, including insulin resistance and osteocalcin. METHODS: A total of 120 elderly patients undergoing joint replacement were recruited and divided into delirium and non-delirium groups. Plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were collected for the analysis of biomarkers, including insulin, uncarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOC), total osteocalcin (tOC), and glucose. Insulin resistance was assessed through the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR). MAIN RESULTS: Out of the total, 28 patients (23.3%) experienced POD within 5 days after surgery. Patients with delirium exhibited higher levels of preoperative HOMA-IR and ucOC in CSF and plasma, and of tOC in CSF (P = 0.028, P < 0.001, P = 0.005, P = 0.019). After adjusting for variables, including age, Mini-Mental State Examination score, surgical site and preoperative fracture, only preoperative ucOC in CSF and HOMA-IR were significantly linked to the incidence of delirium (OR = 5.940, P = 0.008; OR = 1.208, P = 0.046, respectively), both of which also correlated with the severity of delirium (P = 0.007, P < 0.001). Receiver operating curve analysis indicated that preoperative HOMA-IR and ucOC in CSF might partly predict POD (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.697, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.501-0.775, AUC = 0.745, 95% CI = 0.659-0.860). CONCLUSIONS: We observed that preoperative elevated HOMA-IR and ucOC in CSF were associated with the incidence and severity of POD. While these preliminary results need confirmation, they suggest a potential involvement of insulin resistance and osteocalcin in the pathological mechanism of POD. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2024; 24: 421-429.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Delirio del Despertar , Resistencia a la Insulina , Humanos , Anciano , Osteocalcina , Incidencia , Glucosa , Artroplastia de Reemplazo/efectos adversos
11.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol ; 49(2): 177-187, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315136

RESUMEN

We reviewed the incidence and management of complications after total wrist arthroplasty, as reported in the literature, with so-called fourth-generation implants and other recent designs. While early intraoperative and postoperative complications, including fractures, tendon lacerations, infection, nerve compression, tendonitis, stiffness and chronic regional pain syndrome, had an acceptable incidence, late complications, such as periprosthetic osteolysis and implant loosening, occurred more frequently. Implant survival at 10 years was in the range of 70%-80% in most publications. Several of the implants have been modified or withdrawn. Instability and dislocation were frequent after a pyrocarbon spacer. Failed arthroplasties can be salvaged by revision arthroplasty or total wrist arthrodesis. Revision arthroplasty has a lower survival rate than primary arthroplasty and does not clearly offer important significant advantages over total wrist arthrodesis in terms of patient-reported outcome measures. Further development of prosthetic design, new materials and more knowledge on patient-related risk factors are needed.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Prótesis Articulares , Humanos , Muñeca , Artroplastia de Reemplazo/efectos adversos , Prótesis Articulares/efectos adversos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Factores de Riesgo , Reoperación
12.
J Hand Surg Eur Vol ; 49(2): 188-200, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315137

RESUMEN

The management of complications after surgery for basal thumb arthritis is sometimes challenging, and there are no clear recommendations on how to evaluate and manage patients with residual symptoms. The aim of the present article was to review the most common complications after surgery for basal thumb arthritis, with an emphasis on resection arthroplasty, joint replacement and joint fusion. In addition, possible management strategies for the different types of complications will be highlighted.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Articulaciones Carpometacarpianas , Osteoartritis , Hueso Trapecio , Humanos , Osteoartritis/cirugía , Pulgar/cirugía , Hueso Trapecio/cirugía , Articulaciones Carpometacarpianas/cirugía , Artroplastia/efectos adversos
13.
Bone Joint J ; 106-B(3 Supple A): 51-58, 2024 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38423080

RESUMEN

Aims: Elevated blood cobalt levels secondary to metal-on-metal (MoM) hip arthroplasties are a suggested risk factor for developing cardiovascular complications including cardiomyopathy. Clinical studies assessing patients with MoM hips using left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) have found conflicting evidence of cobalt-induced cardiomyopathy. Global longitudinal strain (GLS) is an echocardiography measurement known to be more sensitive than LVEF when diagnosing early cardiomyopathies. The extent of cardiovascular injury, as measured by GLS, in patients with elevated blood cobalt levels has not previously been examined. Methods: A total of 16 patients with documented blood cobalt ion levels above 13 µg/l (13 ppb, 221 nmol/l) were identified from a regional arthroplasty database. They were matched with eight patients awaiting hip arthroplasty. All patients underwent echocardiography, including GLS, investigating potential signs of cardiomyopathy. Results: Patients with MoM hip arthroplasties had a mean blood cobalt level of 29 µg/l (495 nmol/l) compared to 0.01 µg/l (0.2 nmol/l) in the control group. GLS readings were available for seven of the MoM cohort, and were significantly lower when compared with controls (-15.5% vs -18% (MoM vs control); p = 0.025)). Pearson correlation demonstrated that GLS significantly correlated with blood cobalt level (r = 0.8521; p < 0.001). However, there were no differences or correlations for other echocardiography measurements, including LVEF (64.3% vs 63.7% (MoM vs control); p = 0.845). Conclusion: This study supports the hypothesis that patients with elevated blood cobalt levels above 13 µg/l in the presence of a MoM hip implant may have impaired cardiac function compared to a control group of patients awaiting hip arthroplasty. It is the first study to use the more sensitive parameter of GLS to assess for any cardiac contractile dysfunction in patients with a MoM hip implant and a normal LVEF. Larger studies should be performed to determine the potential of GLS as a predictor of cardiac complications in patients with MoM arthroplasties.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera , Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Cardiomiopatías , Prótesis de Cadera , Prótesis Articulares de Metal sobre Metal , Humanos , Cobalto/efectos adversos , Volumen Sistólico , Prótesis Articulares de Metal sobre Metal/efectos adversos , Función Ventricular Izquierda , Metales , Prótesis de Cadera/efectos adversos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos , Cromo/efectos adversos , Diseño de Prótesis
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(7): e37036, 2024 Feb 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363940

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Numerous surgical interventions are available for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). In recent years, knee-preserving surgery, specifically osteotomy, has gained significant attention from patients, particularly those who are young and physically active, as it not only effectively alleviates pain but also preserves bone integrity, thereby allowing for potential future joint replacement. This study aims to comprehensively analyze the global application trends of osteotomy for KOA and identify the current research hotspots. METHODS: We conducted a literature search encompassing English-language studies on osteotomy for KOA published from 2012 to 2023 in the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC) database. Bibliometric analysis tools, including VOSviewer, CiteSpace, and R Studio, were employed to analyze global trends and research hotspots. RESULTS: We analyzed 1520 eligible publications, comprising 1350 articles and 170 reviews. The number of articles on osteotomy for KOA has exhibited a consistent upward trend over the past decade. The top 3 contributing countries (South Korea, United States, and China) accounted for 45.98% of all published articles. U.S. scholars exhibited high productivity, prominence, and academic impact in this field. Seoul National University published the most papers on the relationship between osteotomy and KOA, while Sungkyunkwan University had the highest average citation rate. Among authors, Yong Seuk Lee from Korea and Steffen Schroeter from Germany had the highest number of publications and average citation values, respectively. Research interests were clustered into 5 categories: "High tibial osteotomy," "Biomechanics of osteotomy," "Osteotomy combined with cartilage repair techniques," "Postoperative prognosis and outcomes," and "Improvement of surgical techniques." CONCLUSION: Recent years have witnessed notable rapid progress in the research on osteotomy for KOA. The field is poised for continued growth in terms of academic literature. The United States has emerged as a global leader in knee osteotomy research, while Korea demonstrates considerable potential in this domain. Future research hotspots may encompass high tibial osteotomies, osteotomies combined with cartilage repair techniques, and advancements in surgical techniques for KOA.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla , Humanos , Osteoartritis de la Rodilla/cirugía , Osteotomía , Articulación de la Rodilla , Bibliometría
16.
J Thromb Haemost ; 22(4): 1117-1131, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38215910

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a well-recognized complication after total joint replacement (TJR). Persons with hemophilia A or B are considered at low postoperative VTE risk due to their coagulation factor deficiencies, and administering pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis is often considered contraindicated. However, using factor replacement therapy could increase the postoperative VTE risk. OBJECTIVES: To analyze best available evidences of VTE rates in persons with hemophilia A or B undergoing lower limb TJR and the use of postoperative pharmacologic thromboprophylaxis. METHODS: We systematically screened 4 online biomedical databases to identify studies reporting VTE rates in patients with hemophilia after TJR. Case reports and case series with less than 10 patients were excluded. RESULTS: Twenty-six observational studies were included in this systematic review, reporting 1181 TJRs in patients with hemophilia A or B. Eight studies had VTE rates as the primary outcome. Five studies reported screen-detected VTE, while 21 reported symptomatic VTE events. Overall, 17 VTE events were reported (1.4%; 95% CI, 0.9%-2.3%), including 10 (6.6%) after 151 surgeries with postoperative VTE screening and 7 (0.7%) after 1080 surgeries without postoperative screening. Thromboprophylaxis protocols were specified in 21 studies; postoperative thromboprophylaxis was used in 15 (1.3%) surgeries. This information was not available for 29.0% of the analyzed population. CONCLUSION: Despite the low thromboprophylaxis use in patients with hemophilia, rates of symptomatic VTE after TJR appeared to be low. We also highlighted the need to better report the thrombotic outcome in persons with hemophilia to face the ongoing changes in the hemophilia landscape.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Hemofilia A , Tromboembolia Venosa , Humanos , Anticoagulantes/uso terapéutico , Hemofilia A/complicaciones , Hemofilia A/tratamiento farmacológico , Hemofilia A/cirugía , Tromboembolia Venosa/diagnóstico , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiología , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiología , Artroplastia de Reemplazo/efectos adversos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/prevención & control , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología
17.
Arthroscopy ; 40(4): 1164-1167, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38219135

RESUMEN

As the field of arthroscopic hip preservation surgery grows, large high-quality registries represent a foundational study design for establishing whether hip arthroscopy is effective for patients with femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS). Original research publications from experienced high-volume surgeons tell us "Can it work". A registry tells us "Does it work?". The ability of preservation to truly preserve the joint, delay the arthritis process, and reduce the risk of arthroplasty requires long-term follow-up. A geographic registry can follow this. The registry represents the "real world", a heterogeneous set of variables pertaining to the doctor, patient, intervention, and outcome. The vast array of factors that can be analyzed before, during, and after surgery makes machine learning an ideal technique for analysis of large quantities of data. A global hip preservation surgery registry is a desirable and achievable goal. In order to optimally predict outcome of hip arthroscopy, given the known large number of patient- and hip-specific factors that influence outcomes, a deep learning model with tens of thousands of subjects for this medium-scale task would be needed. Measures of clinical relevance need to include more than just MCID (minimal clinically important difference), which is the lowest bar minimal threshold. Patient expectations often far exceed MCID-requiring other metrics like SCB (substantial clinical benefit), PASS (patient acceptable symptom state), and MOI (maximal outcome improvement). Registries should include validated, reliable, and responsive patient-reported outcome scores (e.g., International Hip Outcome Tool [iHOT-12]) with measures of clinical relevance and expectations assessed routinely. The United Kingdom's NAHR (Non-Arthroplasty Hip Registry) and Denmark's DHAR (Danish Hip Arthroscopy Registry) are the two largest geography-based registries in current hip preservation research both with 11 years of patient enrollment.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Pinzamiento Femoroacetabular , Humanos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Inteligencia Artificial , Diferencia Mínima Clínicamente Importante , Datos de Salud Recolectados Rutinariamente , Actividades Cotidianas , Pinzamiento Femoroacetabular/cirugía , Aprendizaje Automático , Artroscopía/métodos , Sistema de Registros , Medición de Resultados Informados por el Paciente , Articulación de la Cadera/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estudios de Seguimiento
18.
J Healthc Qual ; 46(1): 31-39, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166164

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Although well-accepted clinical practice guidelines exist for the diagnosis of prosthetic joint infection (PJI), little is known about the quality of diagnosis for PJI. The identification of quality gaps in the diagnosis of PJI would facilitate the development of care structures and processes to shorten time to diagnosis and reduce the significant morbidity, mortality, and economic burden associated with this condition. Hence, we sought to develop valid clinical quality measures to improve the timeliness and accuracy of PJI diagnosis. We convened a nine-member multidisciplinary national panel of PJI experts including orthopedic surgeons, infectious disease specialists, an emergency medicine physician, and a patient previously treated for PJI to review, discuss, and rate the validity of proposed measures using a modification of the RAND-UCLA appropriateness method. In total, 57 permutations of six proposed measures were rated. Populations considered to be at high enough risk for PJI that certain care processes should always be performed were identified by the panel. Among the proposed quality measures, the panel rated five as valid. These novel clinical quality measures could provide insight into care gaps in the diagnosis of PJI.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Infecciones Relacionadas con Prótesis , Humanos , Infecciones Relacionadas con Prótesis/diagnóstico , Medicina Basada en la Evidencia
19.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 310: 805-809, 2024 Jan 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38269920

RESUMEN

Identifying potentially fraudulent or wasteful medical insurance claims can be difficult due to the large amounts of data and human effort involved. We applied unsupervised machine learning to construct interpretable models which rank variations in medical provider claiming behaviour in the domain of unilateral joint replacement surgery, using data from the Australian Medicare Benefits Schedule. For each of three surgical procedures reference models of claims for each procedure were constructed and compared analytically to models of individual provider claims. Providers were ranked using a score based on fees for typical claims made in addition to those in the reference model. Evaluation of the results indicated that the top-ranked providers were likely to be unusual in their claiming patterns, with typical claims from outlying providers adding up to 192% to the cost of a procedure. The method is efficient, generalizable to other procedures and, being interpretable, integrates well into existing workflows.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Programas Nacionales de Salud , Anciano , Humanos , Australia , Honorarios y Precios , Aprendizaje Automático no Supervisado
20.
J Shoulder Elbow Surg ; 33(5): 1004-1016, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38286183

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Previously, we reported early (2-year) findings from a randomized controlled trial comparing a second-generation uncemented trabecular metal-backed (TM) glenoid vs. cemented polyethylene glenoid (POLY) in patients undergoing a total shoulder arthroplasty. The purpose of the current study is to report disease-specific quality of life, clinical, patient-reported, and radiographic outcomes at midterm (5-year) from this trial. METHODS: Five surgeons from 3 centers participated. Patients 18-79 years with a primary diagnosis of glenohumeral osteoarthritis were screened for eligibility. Randomization to an uncemented TM or cemented POLY glenoid was performed intra-operatively after adequate bone stock was confirmed. Study intervals were baseline, 2- and 5-year postoperative. The primary outcome was the Western Ontario Osteoarthritis Shoulder (WOOS) quality of life score. Secondary outcomes included the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form, EuroQol-5 Dimensions, and 12-Item Short Form Health Survey scores and clinical and radiographic examinations. Radiographic images were reviewed for metal debris according to Endrizzi. Mixed effects repeated measures analysis of variance for within- and between-group comparisons were performed. RESULTS: Of the 104 patients who consented, 93 were randomized (46 TM; 47 POLY). There were no differences between groups at baseline (TM: mean age 66.5 years [standard deviation (SD) 6.4], 24 male and 22 female; and POLY: mean age 68.4 years [SD 5.5], 23 male / 24 female). Mean (SD) WOOS scores at baseline and 2 and 5 years were as follows: TM, 32 (21), 92 (13), and 93 (11); POLY, 27 (15), 93 (11), and 93 (10), respectively. No statistical or clinically relevant differences were noted with patient-reported outcomes between groups. Metal debris was observed in 11 (23.9%) patients, but outcomes were not negatively impacted, and debris severity was minor (grades 1 and 2). Complication rates were similar between groups (TM: 7 of 46 [15.2%], and POLY: 8 of 47 [17.0%]; P = .813). No aseptic glenoid failures were reported, but 1 patient in the TM group required revision because of infection. CONCLUSIONS: Our short-term (2-year) findings were maintained with longer follow-up. At 5 years postoperation, there were no statistically or clinically significant differences between an uncemented second-generation TM glenoid and a cemented polyethylene glenoid with respect to disease-specific quality of life or patient-reported outcomes. No glenoid implant failures were reported, and complication rates were similar between groups. Only one complication was glenoid related (1 infection in the TM group). Metal debris was observed in 23.9% of patients with a TM glenoid but did not negatively influence implant survival, patient-reported outcomes, or shoulder function.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastía de Reemplazo de Hombro , Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Prótesis Articulares , Osteoartritis , Articulación del Hombro , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Anciano , Artroplastía de Reemplazo de Hombro/métodos , Polietileno , Artroplastia de Reemplazo/métodos , Calidad de Vida , Articulación del Hombro/diagnóstico por imagen , Articulación del Hombro/cirugía , Resultado del Tratamiento , Osteoartritis/diagnóstico por imagen , Osteoartritis/cirugía , Metales , Diseño de Prótesis , Estudios de Seguimiento , Estudios Retrospectivos
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