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1.
J Nutr Sci ; 12: e3, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36721719

RESUMEN

The aim of the present study was to develop the ASKFV-SE tool to measure self-efficacy (SE) towards requesting fruits and vegetables (FV) in the home and school environment with school-age children (grades 4-5) from urban, ethnically diverse, low-income households. Cognitive interviews reduced the tool from eleven items to seven. The 7-item questionnaire was tested with 444 children. The items loaded on two factors: home SE (four items) and school SE (two items) with one item was excluded (<0⋅40). The reduced 6-item, 2-factor structure was the best fit for the data (χ 2 = 45⋅09; df = 9; CFI = 0⋅835; RMSEA = 0⋅147). Confirmatory factory analysis revealed that the 4-item home SE had high reliability (α = 0⋅73) and marginally acceptable reliability for the 2-item school SE (α = 0⋅53). The pre-COVID intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was 0⋅584 (P < 0⋅001; fair; n = 57) compared to 0⋅736 during-COVID (P < 0⋅001; good; n 50). The ASKFV-SE tool measures children's SE for asking for FVs with strong psychometric properties and low participant burden.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Verduras , Humanos , Niño , Frutas , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Autoeficacia
2.
BMC Med Inform Decis Mak ; 23(1): 21, 2023 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36717912

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Patients with the thalassemia have a basic requirement for self-efficacy regarding their treatment procedure. The present study aimed to compare the effect of self-care education via a smartphone application and lectures on the self-efficacy of patients with thalassemia. METHODS: In the present quasi-experimental study, 99 patients with thalassemia at Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Yasuj, Iran, in 2019 who were eligible to enter the study, were selected. The block randomization was done with the block sizes of 3, 6, and 9, and participants were randomly assigned to 3 groups: smartphone application (A), lecture intervention (B), and control (c). Smartphone application and lecture interventions were performed for intervention groups A and B, respectively, during 8 weeks. Scherer's self-efficacy measure was used to collect the data at baseline and eight weeks after the intervention. Data were analyzed by SPSS-version 25 software using Paired t-test, Wilcoxon and Kruskal-Wallis tests. RESULTS: Ninety-nine patients with thalassemia with a mean (SD) age of 25 (6) and 58 females (58.59%) participated in the present study. The results indicated a significant difference in self-efficacy among 3 groups after intervention (P = 0.001). However, self-care education with smartphone application revealed a significant increase in the mean (SD) of self-efficacy of the patients with thalassemia 68.36(8.45) compared to the lecture method 62.55 (7.3) (P = 0.003) and control 62.09 (6.7) (P = 0.001). There were no significant differences among the self-efficacy scores of the patients in lecture intervention and control groups. CONCLUSIONS: The results revealed that smartphone application was a suitable educational software to promote self-efficacy in patients with thalassemia. It is recommended to use smartphone application methods to improve the self-efficacy levels of patients with thalassemia.


Asunto(s)
Aplicaciones Móviles , Talasemia , Femenino , Humanos , Teléfono Inteligente , Autoeficacia , Talasemia/terapia , Irán , Autocuidado
3.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 57(1): 29-34, 2023 Jan 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36655254

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the trajectories of HIV testing self-efficacy among men who have sex with men (MSM) based on latent class growth model. Methods: From August 2019 to May 2021, 404 MSM were recruited in Shandong Province and subjected to a 1-year follow-up study with individual intervention (pushing intervention pictures and videos in WeChat and follow-up questionnaires) and community intervention (forwarding to friends and sharing and discussing HIV testing-related information in WeChat groups). The level of HIV testing self-efficacy among MSM was measured. The long-term trend of HIV testing self-efficacy was analyzed using the latent class growth model (LCGM), and the influencing factors of the trend were analyzed. Results: A total of 404 MSM were (28.25±8.95) years old, with the oldest being 58 and the youngest being 18. The scores of HIV testing self-efficacy M(Q1, Q3) at baseline and 4 follow-ups were 18.00 (17.00, 21.00), 19.00 (18.00, 22.00), 19.00 (18.00, 22.00), 19.00 (18.00, 22.00) and 19.00 (18.00, 22.00). The results of the freely estimated two-category LCGM model showed that the trend of HIV testing self-efficacy among MSM could be divided into two classes, "intervention response group" [255(63.1%)] and "intervention non-response group" [149(36.9%)]. The former had a higher level of HIV testing self-efficacy which tended to increase at first and then decrease over time, while the latter had a lower and more stable level. The results of the multifactorial logistic regression analysis showed that the OR values of MSM in business or service and jobless or unemployed were 0.261 (95%CI: 0.108-0.633) and 0.186 (95%CI: 0.057-0.610), respectively, using the students as the reference group. Conclusion: There is a group heterogeneity in the trend of HIV testing self-efficacy in the intervention conditions among MSM, and occupation may be an influencing factor.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por VIH , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Homosexualidad Masculina , Infecciones por VIH/diagnóstico , Infecciones por VIH/prevención & control , Estudios de Seguimiento , Autoeficacia , Prueba de VIH
4.
J Psychosom Res ; 165: 111126, 2023 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36610335

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Investigate if integrated exercise and psychosocial (EP) interventions effect self-efficacy to manage pain and self-efficacy for physical functioning compared to alternate interventions, usual care, waitlists and attention controls for individuals with chronic low back pain (CLBP). METHODS: MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Web of Science, PsychINFO, PEDro, and Cochrane Library were searched. Included randomized controlled trials utilized an EP intervention for CLBP and measured self-efficacy. Independent reviewers screened abstracts, reviewed full-texts, extracted data, and assessed risk of bias. GRADE, synthesis without meta-analysis, and ranges of effects (Hedges' g) were used. RESULTS: 2207 Participants were included (22-studies). EP interventions positively effected self-efficacy to manage pain short-term compared to usual care (range of effects: -0.02, 0.94) and controls (range of effects: 0.69, 0.80) and intermediately compared to usual care (range of effects: 0.11, 0.29); however, no differences were found when compared to alternate interventions. EP interventions positively effected self-efficacy for physical functioning short-term compared to alternate interventions (range of effects: 0.57, 0.71), usual care (range of effects: -0.15, 0.94), and controls (range of effects: 0.31, 0.56), and intermediately compared to alternate interventions (1-study, effect: 0.57) and controls (1-study, effect: 0.56). Conclusions were limited by low to very low-quality-evidence often from risk of bias, imprecision, and clinical/statistical heterogeneity. CONCLUSIONS: EP interventions may be more effective short-term for self-efficacy to manage pain than usual care and waitlists, but not alternate interventions. EP interventions may be effective for self-efficacy for physical functioning at short- and intermediate-term compared to alternate interventions, usual care, waitlist and attention controls. Considerations for future research include methods for blinding and measurement of self-efficacy for physical functioning.


Asunto(s)
Dolor de la Región Lumbar , Humanos , Dolor de la Región Lumbar/terapia , Autoeficacia , Intervención Psicosocial , Terapia por Ejercicio , Ejercicio Físico , Calidad de Vida
5.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0278721, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656899

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Head nurses are vital in understanding and encouraging knowledge sharing among their followers. However, few empirical studies have highlighted their contribution to knowledge-sharing behaviour in Online Health Communities (OHCs). In addition, scant literature has examined the moderating role of knowledge self-efficacy in this regard. PURPOSES: This study examines the moderating role of self-efficacy between the association of four selected individual factors of head nurses (i.e., Trust, Reciprocity, Reputation, and Ability to Share) and their knowledge-sharing behaviour in OHCs in Jordan. METHOD: The data were obtained by using a self-reported survey from 283 head nurses in 22 private hospitals in Jordan. A moderation regression analysis using a structural equation modelling approach (i.e. Smart PLS-SEM, Version 3) was utilised to evaluate the study's measurement and structural model. RESULTS: Knowledge self-efficacy moderates the relationship between the three individual factors (i.e., Trust, Reciprocity, and Reputation) and knowledge-sharing behaviours. However, self-efficacy did not moderate the relationship between the ability to share and knowledge-sharing behaviours. IMPLICATIONS: This study contributes to understanding the moderating role of knowledge self-efficacy among head nurses in online healthcare communities. Moreover, this study provides guidelines for head nurses to become active members in knowledge sharing in OHCs. The findings of this study offer a basis for further research on knowledge sharing in the healthcare sector.


Asunto(s)
Supervisión de Enfermería , Autoeficacia , Humanos , Atención a la Salud , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Autoinforme
6.
CBE Life Sci Educ ; 22(1): ar6, 2023 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36637378

RESUMEN

Undergraduate and graduate teaching assistants (TAs) play large roles in introductory undergraduate education despite having little to no teaching experience or professional development (PD). Self-efficacy and teaching approach have each been studied as independent variables that impact teaching performance and student learning in the absence of practiced skill or developed knowledge. This study explored relationships between TAs' teaching approaches and teaching self-efficacy. Self-efficacy was measured using the Graduate Teaching Self-Efficacy Scale (GTA-TSES), and teaching approach was measured using the Approaches to Teaching Inventory (ATI). The following research questions guided the study: What is the relationship between TAs' approaches to teaching and their self-efficacy? How do approaches to teaching and self-efficacy interact to impact the model of TA self-efficacy? Both ATI subscales correlated strongly with the GTA-TSES learning environment subscale and weakly with the instructional strategy subscale. High self-efficacy TAs demonstrated more concern with impacting student learning, which may contribute to a more student-centered teaching approach. Results indicate that TAs with more confidence in their teaching ability may have a more student-centered approach than teacher-centered approach to teaching. Implications include enhancing TA PD with peer mentoring, constructive feedback, and reflection and incorporating learning concerns in the model of TA teacher efficacy.


Asunto(s)
Autoeficacia , Estudiantes , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Universidades , Retroalimentación Formativa
7.
Support Care Cancer ; 31(2): 104, 2023 Jan 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36622506

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: In order to understand how informal caregivers of head and neck cancer (HNC) patients deal with the consequences of the disease, we investigated their self-efficacy and coping style in relation to symptoms of anxiety and depression (distress) and quality of life (QoL) over time. In addition, factors associated with self-efficacy and coping style were investigated. METHODS: A total of 222 informal caregivers and their related HNC patients were prospectively followed as part from the multicenter cohort NETherlands QUality of life and Biomedical cohort studies In Cancer (NET-QUBIC). Self-efficacy and coping style were measured at baseline, and distress and QoL at baseline and 3, 6, 12, and 24 months after treatment. RESULTS: Informal caregivers had a high level of self-efficacy comparable with patients. Caregivers used "seeking social support," "passive reacting," and "expression of emotions" more often than patients. Factors associated with self-efficacy and coping were higher age and lower education. Higher self-efficacy was related with better QoL and "active tackling" was associated with less depression symptoms. "Passive reacting" and "expression of emotions" were associated with higher psychological distress and reduced QoL. CONCLUSION: Among informal caregivers of HNC patients, higher self-efficacy and "active tackling" were associated with better functioning over time, while "passive reacting" and "expression of negative emotions" were associated with worse functioning. Awareness of the differences in self-efficacy skills and coping and their relationship with QoL and psychological distress will help clinicians to identify caregivers that may benefit from additional support that improve self-efficacy and "active tackling" and reduce negative coping styles.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello , Distrés Psicológico , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Cuidadores/psicología , Autoeficacia , Adaptación Psicológica
8.
Psicol. educ. (Madr.) ; 29(1): 91-99, Ene. 2023. tab, ilus
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-215015

RESUMEN

Writing and defending a thesis is a requirement to earn a university degree. Previous findings indicate that self-efficacy is related to academic performance. However, no existing tools register students’ perception of efficacy towards writing and defining academic texts. Our purpose was to develop and validate such a scale. Scale scores content, structural, convergent, and criterion-related validity as well as the measurement invariance across sex was evaluated using data from 418 students from 23 Spanish universities. Our findings showed that the scale holds a unidimensional structure that is invariant across sex. Data also supported the convergent validity, with correlations with self-efficacy and anxiety measures. The scale could track the effect of an educational intervention designed to improve students’ writing and defending academic texts skills, and the scores were related to performance on a writing task. Norms are provided to facilitate the interpretation of the scale scores.(AU)


Redactar y defender una tesina es un requisito para obtener un título universitario. La investigación previa indica que la autoeficacia está relacionada con el rendimiento académico. Sin embargo, no existen instrumentos que registren la percepción de la eficacia de los estudiantes para escribir y definir textos académicos. Nuestro objetivo fue desarrollar y validar una escala de este tipo. Se recopilaron pruebas de validez de contenido, estructural, convergente y de criterio y de invarianza de medida entre sexos, utilizando datos de 418 estudiantes de 23 universidades españolas. La escala presenta una estructura unidimensional invariante en cuanto al sexo. También se encontraron correlaciones con medidas de autoeficacia y ansiedad. La escala pudo seguir el efecto de una intervención educativa diseñada para mejorar las habilidades de escritura y defensa de textos académicos, y se encontró relación con el rendimiento en una tarea de escritura. Se proporcionan baremos para interpretar las puntuaciones.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Tesis Académicas como Asunto , Estudiantes , Autoeficacia , Ansiedad , Escritura , Aptitud , Comunicación , España , Psicología Educacional
9.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 33(1): 30-37, Ene-Feb. 2023. tab, ilus
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-214378

RESUMEN

Objetivo: El propósito de este estudio fue identificar los factores determinantes que influyen en el proceso de adaptación y calidad de vida después de un ictus. Métodos: Este estudio es un estudio observacional utilizando un diseño transversal. Se encuestaron pacientes 6 meses después de su alta tras un accidente cerebrovascular no hemorrágico y sus familiares cuidadores. La información sobre los encuestados se obtuvo de los datos de registros médicos en dos hospitales generales regionales en la provincia de Kalimantan Occidental, Indonesia. Se seleccionó un total de 80 pacientes mediante un método de muestreo consecutivo. Los modelos teóricos de los factores del paciente y del cuidador que influyen en las respuestas de adaptación y la calidad de vida posterior al accidente cerebrovascular se probaron mediante análisis de ruta. Resultados: El afrontamiento, la autoeficacia y la aceptación de la enfermedad del cuidador tuvieron un efecto directo en la respuesta de adaptación psicosocial posterior al ictus en un 58,1%, siendo la autoeficacia la que más contribuyó (β=0,668, p<0,0001). La autoeficacia, la aceptación de la enfermedad y el comportamiento saludable tuvieron un efecto directo en la respuesta de adaptación fisiológica en un 24,3%, donde la autoeficacia también contribuyó en mayor medida (β=0,272, p<0,014). La adaptación psicosocial y la adaptación fisiológica tuvieron un efecto directo en la calidad de vida del 54,6%, donde la adaptación psicosocial presentó la mayor contribución (β=0,63, p<0,0001). Conclusión: La autoeficacia contribuye más a las adaptaciones psicosociales y fisiológicas 6 meses después del accidente cerebrovascular. La adaptación psicosocial y la autoeficacia han demostrado ser los factores determinantes que más contribuyen a la calidad de vida de los pacientes 6 meses después del ictus.(AU)


Objective: The purpose of this study was to identify the determinant factors that influence the adaptation process and quality of life after a stroke. Methods: This study is an observational study using a cross-sectional design. Respondents were patients who were 6 months post-discharge after non-hemorrhagic stroke and their family caregivers. Information about respondents was taken from medical record data at two regional general hospitals in West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. A total of 80 patients were selected using a consecutive sampling method. Theoretical models of patient and caregiver factors that influence adaptation responses and post-stroke quality of life were tested using path analysis. Results: Caregiver coping, self-efficacy, and illness acceptance had a direct effect on the post-stroke psychosocial adaptation response by 58.1%, with self-efficacy contributing the most (β=0.668, p<0.0001). Self-efficacy, illness acceptance, and healthy behavior had a direct effect on the physiological adaptation response by 24.3%, where self-efficacy also contributed the most (β=0.272, p<0.014). Psychosocial adaptation and physiological adaptation had a direct effect on the quality of life by 54.6%, where psychosocial adaptation showed the largest contribution (β=0.63, p<0.0001). Conclusion: Self-efficacy contributes the most to both psychosocial and physiological adaptations 6 months after stroke. Psychosocial adaptation and self-efficacy have been proven to be the determinant factors that contribute the most to the quality of life of patients 6 months after stroke.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Calidad de Vida , Autoeficacia , Adaptación Fisiológica , Adaptación Psicológica , Estudios Transversales , Enfermería , Atención de Enfermería
10.
BMC Psychol ; 11(1): 17, 2023 Jan 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36691101

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Migraine is a neurological disease that has several physical and psychological complications, which is characterized by disability and impaired quality of life. AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the mediating role of pain self-efficacy in the relationship between meaning of life, perceived social support, spiritual well-being and pain catastrophizing with quality of life in migraine sufferers. The relationship between these factors with quality of life (QOL) was not fully explored in migraine patients. METHOD: This study was a correlational study of structural equations. Therefore, 300 patients with migraine who referred to one of the specialized neurological treatment centers in Zanjan in 2021 were recruited based on the inclusion criteria. Patients also completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale (WHOQOL-BREF), Meaning in Life Questionnaire, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Spiritual Well-Being Scale, Pain Catastrophizing Scale, Pain Self-Efficacy Questionnaire. Finally, the hypotheses were then analyzed with correlation coefficient and path analysis method by using SPSS-26 and LISREL-10.2 programs. RESULTS: The results of the present study showed that pain self-efficacy has a mediating role in the relationship between meaning of life and quality of life (B = 0.015), perceived social support with quality of life (B = 0.022), spiritual well-being with quality of life (B = 0.021), as well as pain catastrophizing with quality of life (B = - 0.015). CONCLUSION: According to the results of this study, by considering the role of self-efficacy of pain, it is possible to develop the programs to strengthen and improve the meaning of life, perceived social support, spiritual well-being and also reduce pain catastrophizing, in order to improve the quality of life of patients with migraine.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos Migrañosos , Calidad de Vida , Humanos , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Autoeficacia , Dolor/psicología , Catastrofización/psicología , Apoyo Social , Trastornos Migrañosos/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
11.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280686, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36693062

RESUMEN

Early implementation of interventions at a young age fosters behaviour changes and helps to adopt behaviours that promote health. Digital technologies may help to promote the hand hygiene behaviour of children. However, there is a lack of digital feedback interventions focusing on the hand hygiene behaviour of preschool children in childhood education and care settings. This study protocol aims to describe a study that evaluates the effectiveness of a gamified live feedback intervention and explores underlying behavioural theories in achieving better hand hygiene behaviour of preschool children in early childhood education and care settings. This study will be a four-arm cluster randomized controlled trial with three phases and a twelve-month follow-up by country stratification. The sample size is 106 children of which one cluster will have a minimum number of 40 children. During the baseline phase, all groups will have automated monitoring systems installed. In the intervention phase, the control group will have no screen activity. The intervention groups will have feedback displays during the handwashing activity. Intervention A will receive instructions, and intervention B and C groups will receive instructions and a reward. In the post-intervention phase, all the groups will have no screen activity except intervention C which will receive instructions from the screen but no reward. The outcome measures will be hand hygiene behaviour, self-efficacy, and intrinsic motivation. Outcome measures will be collected at baseline, intervention, and post-intervention phases and a 12-month follow-up. The data will be analysed with quantitative and qualitative methods. The findings of the planned study will provide whether this gamified live feedback intervention can be recommended to be used in educational settings to improve the hand hygiene behaviour of preschool children to promote health. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (registration number NCT05395988 https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT05395988?term=NCT05395988&draw=2&rank=1).


Asunto(s)
Higiene de las Manos , Humanos , Preescolar , Desinfección de las Manos/métodos , Motivación , Promoción de la Salud , Retroalimentación , Autoeficacia , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
12.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 23(1): 26, 2023 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36639738

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Successful breastfeeding is related to the psychosocial conditions of the mother. Covid19 pandemic resulted in psychological consequences in women during postpartum period. Maternal anxiety and distress reduce the chances of exclusive breastfeeding. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of counseling with stress management approach on postpartum anxiety and distress and breastfeeding self-efficacy (BSE) during COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 64 breastfeeding mothers referred to health care centers in Tabriz, Iran in 2021. Participants were assigned into the intervention and control groups in a ratio of 1: 1 using block randomization in a block size of 4 and 6. The intervention group participated in six individual 60-90 min sessions. Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), postpartum distress (PMD), and BSE questionnaires were completed before and 4-week after the intervention by the control and intervention groups. Independent t-test and ANCOVA were used to compare the outcomes between two groups. RESULTS: According to the ANCOVA results by controlling the baseline values and after the intervention, the mean score of anxiety in the intervention group was lower than that in the control group [Adjusted Mean Difference (AMD): -13.82, 95%, confidence interval (CI): -12.35 to -15.29, (p < 0.001)]. Further, the mean score of postpartum distress after intervention was lower in the intervention group compared with that in the control group [AMD:5.31 95% CI: -3.00 to -7.37 (p < 0.001)]. After the intervention, the mean score of BSE in the intervention group was significantly higher than that in the control group [AMD: 25.57, 95% CI: 22.85 to 28.29 (p < 0.001)]. CONCLUSION: Stress management counseling can improve postpartum anxiety and distress and BSE and increase breastfeeding. However, more studies are needed for a definitive conclusion. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials (IRCT): IRCT20171007036615N6. Date of registration: 15/09/2021.


Asunto(s)
Lactancia Materna , COVID-19 , Femenino , Humanos , Lactancia Materna/psicología , Pandemias , Autoeficacia , Irán/epidemiología , COVID-19/prevención & control , Madres/psicología , Periodo Posparto , Ansiedad/prevención & control , Consejo
13.
J Med Internet Res ; 25: e43601, 2023 Jan 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36602844

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Telemedicine has a long history; however, its efficacy has been reported with mixed reviews. Studies have reported a wide range of quality implications when using the telemedicine modality of care. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze the effectiveness of telemedicine through 6 domains of quality through an analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in the literature published, to date, in 2022. METHODS: A total of 4 databases were searched using a standard Boolean string. The 882,420 results were reduced to 33 for analysis through filtering and randomization. The systematic literature review was conducted in accordance with the Kruse Protocol and reported in accordance with PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses; 2020). RESULTS: The Cohen κ statistic was calculated to show agreement between the reviewers (Cohen κ=0.90, strong). Medical outcomes associated with the telemedicine modality were 100% effective with a weighted average effect size of 0.21 (small effect). Many medical outcomes were positive but not statistically better than treatment as usual. RCTs have reported positive outcomes for physical and mental health, medical engagement, behavior change, increased quality of life, increased self-efficacy, increased social support, and reduced costs. All 6 domains of quality were identified in the RCTs and 4 were identified in 100% of the studies. Telemedicine is highly patient-centered because it meets digital preferences, is convenient, avoids stigma, and enables education at one's own pace. A few barriers exist to its wide adoption, such as staff training and cost, and it may not be the preferred modality for all. CONCLUSIONS: The effectiveness of telemedicine is equal to or greater than that of traditional care across a wide spectrum of services studied in this systematic literature review. Providers should feel comfortable offering this modality of care as a standard option to patients where it makes sense to do so. Although barriers exist for wide adoption, the facilitators are all patient facing. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42022343478; https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?RecordID=343478.


Asunto(s)
Telemedicina , Humanos , Telemedicina/métodos , Calidad de Vida , Autoeficacia , Biometría , Manejo de Datos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
14.
Health Promot Int ; 38(1)2023 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36617292

RESUMEN

Self-efficacy is the key factor for promoting physical activity. Older adults with low self-efficacy tend to be physical inactive than those with high self-efficacy, and an approach is needed to promote physical activity. Among several approaches, increasing the perception of green space may be an effective approach for low self-efficacy not high self-efficacy, but no study has investigated. This study investigated the association between walking and perception of green space among older adults with high and low self-efficacy, respectively. We conducted a cross-sectional study among 204 community-dwelling older adults (mean age = 78.3 years, 62.3% females). Using the median split, the participants were divided into high and low self-efficacy groups based on the median score of 12. Walking was measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and 'more walking' was defined as ≥150 min of walking time per week. Perception of green space was measured using an 8-item questionnaire. We performed logistic regression analysis to investigate the association between walking and perception of green space adjusted for age, gender, years of education, living with someone and income level. For all participants, 94 participants (46.1%) fell under low self-efficacy. After adjustment, higher perception of green space is associated with more walking among older adults with low self-efficacy [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 1.07, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.00-1.15], but not among those with high self-efficacy (aOR = 1.09, 95% CI= 0.99-1.20). To increase perception of green space, experts should design/improve green spaces considering beneficiaries' characteristics.


Low self-efficacy has a negative effect on Activities of Daily Living and Quality of Life through physical inactivity among older adults. Encouraging physical activity among those with low self-efficacy can help solve the problem, but individual intervention towards low self-efficacy requires great effort. Therefore, we focused on environmental factors as they affect more people, and investigated the association between perception of green space and walking among older adults with high and low self-efficacy, respectively. This cross-sectional study was conducted among community-dwelling older adults in Japan, the variables used in this study were asked by a questionnaire. We examined whether older people who have higher perception of green space do more walking. As a result of the analysis, high perception of green space was associated with more walking among community-dwelling older adults with low self-efficacy, but not among older adults with high self-efficacy. This result may lead to solves the problem of physical inactivity in older adults with low self-efficacy from the perspective of environmental factors. To increase perception of green space, experts such as urban planners and policy makers should design/improve green spaces considering beneficiaries' characteristics such as quantity, quality and accessibility.


Asunto(s)
Parques Recreativos , Autoeficacia , Femenino , Humanos , Anciano , Masculino , Estudios Transversales , Japón , Características de la Residencia , Caminata , Percepción
15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36613129

RESUMEN

Adolescents are particularly vulnerable to initiation of the use of substances harmful to health, and its increase is cause for concern. The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between self-efficacy in refusing alcohol and the attitude of adolescents toward drugs and their perception of their parents' attitude toward refusal. The study was carried out in 2019 in a sample of 1287 students from 11 public high schools in the province of Almería (Spain). Students were aged 14 to 18 in their 3rd and 4th year of compulsory secondary education. The Drinking Refusal Self-Efficacy Questionnaire-Revised Adolescent version (DRSEQ-RA), Attitudes Toward Taking Drugs-Basic BIP Scale and the Parents' attitudes Toward Drug Use were administered. The results showed that family relationships seem to have a direct impact on adolescent patterns in smoking and drinking alcohol. However, a favorable attitude toward drugs is a risk factor for drinking alcohol and smoking tobacco. The self-efficacy dimension also acts as a protective factor against the probability of using alcohol or tobacco. The conclusions emphasized that communication within the family core can increase or decrease the risk of adolescents using substances harmful to health.


Asunto(s)
Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas , Autoeficacia , Humanos , Adolescente , Estudios Transversales , Fumar/epidemiología , Actitud , Percepción
16.
Nurs Open ; 10(2): 552-559, 2023 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36631730

RESUMEN

AIMS: This study aimed to investigate the stress level, including parasympathetic nervous activity, of students engaged in peer learning during simulations and the role of self-efficacy. DESIGN: Observational-comparative study. METHODS: The participants were 76 nursing students who were asked to evaluate a stable postoperative patient in Scene 1 and the same patient bleeding in Scene 2. In each scene, the students engaged in phases of repeated individual observations of the patient and discussions with peers. We compared each participant's parasympathetic activity during each observation in Scenes 1 and 2. Furthermore, the self-efficacy score before the simulation was used to divide the participants into 3 groups, and the self-efficacy and parasympathetic activity during the simulation were analysed. RESULTS: The participants' parasympathetic activity decreased in both scenes with each phase of repeated observation. Two-way repeated-measures analysis of variance showed no statistically significant difference in parasympathetic activity during simulations among the three self-efficacy groups.


Asunto(s)
Bachillerato en Enfermería , Entrenamiento Simulado , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Humanos , Autoeficacia , Aprendizaje
17.
J Med Syst ; 47(1): 15, 2023 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36710276

RESUMEN

Goal-setting is often used in eHealth applications for behavior change as it motivates and helps to stay focused on a desired outcome. However, for goals to be effective, they need to meet criteria such as being specific, measurable, attainable, relevant and time-bound (SMART). Moreover, people need to be confident to reach their goal. We thus created a goal-setting dialog in which the virtual coach Jody guided people in setting SMART goals. Thereby, Jody provided personalized vicarious experiences by showing examples from other people who reached a goal to increase people's confidence. These experiences were personalized, as it is helpful to observe a relatable other succeed. Data from an online study with a between-subjects with pre-post measurement design (n=39 participants) provide credible support that personalized experiences are seen as more motivating than generic ones. Motivational factors for participants included information about the goal, path to the goal, and the person who accomplished a goal, as well as the mere fact that a goal was reached. Participants also had a positive attitude toward Jody. We see these results as an indication that people are positive toward using a goal-setting dialog with a virtual coach in eHealth applications for behavior change. Moreover, contrary to hypothesized, our observed data give credible support that participants' self-efficacy was lower after the dialog than before. These results warrant further research on how such dialogs affect self-efficacy, especially whether these lower post-measurements of self-efficacy are associated with people's more realistic assessment of their abilities.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio Físico , Objetivos , Motivación , Humanos , Autoeficacia
18.
Int Breastfeed J ; 18(1): 5, 2023 Jan 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36653866

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Approximately 80% of births in Taiwan occurred in Baby-Friendly accredited facilities, although the trend of exclusively breastfeeding infants until 6 months of age has stagnated in the last ten years. To guide breastfeeding promotion interventions during postnatal stays and encourage mothers to continue breastfeeding for the first 6 months, factors associated with breastfeeding behaviors to 6 months post-delivery must be investigated. This study explored the relationships among breastfeeding intention, experience of breastfeeding-friendly practices, breastfeeding self-efficacy, and breastfeeding behavior at four and 6 months after childbirth. METHODS: In this longitudinal cohort study, women who gave birth to healthy newborns at two Baby-Friendly hospitals in Taiwan and who had initiated breastfeeding were recruited two to 4 days after giving birth. Data were collected three to 5 days after childbirth during hospitalization and at one, two, four, and 6 months after childbirth using a self-developed questionnaire to measure breastfeeding intention and the experience of breastfeeding-friendly practices, and the traditional Chinese version of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form to measure self-efficacy. RESULTS: A total of 155 women completed the questionnaires five times within 6 months. The determinants of exclusive breastfeeding at 4 months and any breastfeeding at 6 months were the intention to breastfeed for over 6 months; a higher score for the experience of breastfeeding-friendly practices; and a higher level of breastfeeding self-efficacy during that period. The experience of breastfeeding-friendly practices during hospitalization did not predict breastfeeding behavior at 4 and 6 months. Intending to breastfeed for less than 4 months and lower breastfeeding self-efficacy during the hospital stay were both associated with shorter breastfeeding durations of less than 6 months after childbirth. CONCLUSIONS: Longer intended duration of breastfeeding, sustaining breastfeeding-friendly practices after discharge, and maintenance of a higher level of breastfeeding self-efficacy were the determinants of breastfeeding at 4 and 6 months. Healthcare professionals in Taiwan must support breastfeeding-friendly practices and consider interactive interventions to promote continued breastfeeding at different stages during the first 6 months after childbirth on the basis of the mother's breastfeeding plan and breastfeeding self-efficacy during their postnatal hospitalization.


Asunto(s)
Lactancia Materna , Autoeficacia , Lactante , Femenino , Recién Nacido , Humanos , Embarazo , Niño , Estudios de Cohortes , Estudios Longitudinales , Intención , Taiwán
19.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 23(1): 68, 2023 Jan 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36703104

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Individuals with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) have an elevated lifetime risk of chronic hypertension, metabolic syndrome, and premature cardiovascular disease. Because breastfeeding duration and exclusivity have been associated in observational studies with improved cardiovascular health, optimizing breastfeeding in those with HDP might be an unrealized cardio-prevention approach, in particular because individuals with HDP have more breastfeeding challenges. Breastfeeding supportive interventions targeting one's breastfeeding self-efficacy have been shown to improve breastfeeding rates. METHODS: We designed an open-label, multi-center 1:1 randomized behavioral trial to test whether a previously validated self-efficacy enhancing breastfeeding intervention can improve breastfeeding duration and/or exclusivity, and lower postpartum blood pressure at 12 months. Randomization is computer-generated and stratified by site (four hospitals in Montreal, Quebec and one hospital in Kingston, Ontario; all in Canada). Included are breastfeeding participants with HDP (chronic/gestational hypertension or preeclampsia) who delivered a live singleton infant at > 34 weeks, speak English or French, and have no contraindications to breastfeeding. Informed and written consent is obtained at hospitalization for delivery or a re-admission with hypertension within 1 week of discharge. Participants assigned to the intervention group receive a breastfeeding self-efficacy-based intervention delivered by a trained lactation consultant in hospital, with continued reactive/proactive support by phone or text message for up to 6 months postpartum. Regardless of group assignment, participants are followed for self-reported outcomes, automated office blood pressure, and home blood pressure at several time points with end of follow-up at 12 months. DISCUSSION: This study will assess whether an intensive nurse-led behavioral intervention can improve breastfeeding rates and, in turn, postpartum blood pressure - an early marker for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. If effective, this form of enhanced breastfeeding support, along with closer BP and metabolic surveillance, can be implemented broadly in individuals lactating after HDP. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, # NCT04580927 , registered on Oct 9, 2020.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Hipertensión Inducida en el Embarazo , Preeclampsia , Lactante , Embarazo , Femenino , Humanos , Lactancia Materna , Presión Sanguínea , Lactancia , Autoeficacia , Periodo Posparto , Ontario , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Estudios Multicéntricos como Asunto
20.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0279364, 2023.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36706081

RESUMEN

Globally, around three billion people are either under- or overweight. Speculating the different roles of psychological factors in body weight between over- and underweight people, it was first hypothesized that whether or not the effects of self-efficacy and coping strategies on body mass index (BMI) is different between these two groups. We secondly predicted that their association is mediated by nutritional factors. Therefore, the present cross-sectional study was conducted to model the impact of self-efficacy and coping strategies on eating behaviors, dietary intake and BMI, using structural equation modeling in two BMI groups: low-to-normal-BMI (LBMI: BMI<21.75 kg/m2) and normal-to-high-BMI (HBMI: 21.75 kg/m2 ≤ BMI). Female participants (N = 250, aged ≥18) were included using convenience sampling method and data of self-efficacy, coping strategies, eating behaviors and dietary intake were collected via questionnaires. The model fit was evaluated and confirmed by fit indices. The analysis revealed in both groups the participants tended to adopt emotion-focused coping strategy (EFCS) more than problem-focused coping strategy (PFCS) (mean score: 61.82 (7.96) vs 49.21 (6.73)). The HBMI group tended to use EFCS more than the LBMI group (P<0.001). In the LBMI group, self-efficacy, PFCS and EFCS had positive effects on BMI. Only the direct effect of self-efficacy (ß = 0.314, P<0.001) and the indirect effects of PFCS and EFCS (through increasing unhealthy eating behaviors; ß = 0.127, P<0.01, ß = 0.095, P<0.05, respectively) were significant. In the HBMI group, self-efficacy had negative effect on BMI (both directly (ß = -0.229, P<0.05) and indirectly (ß = -0.103, P<0.05) by decreasing unhealthy eating behaviors). PFCS had no effect and EFCS had an indirect, positive effect on BMI (through increasing unhealthy eating behaviors, ß = 0.162, P = 0.001). In conclusion, these findings suggest that improving self-efficacy and coping-strategies seems helpful to have a healthy BMI in both BMI groups and further interventions to reduce EFCS should be limited to overweight people.


Asunto(s)
Sobrepeso , Autoeficacia , Humanos , Femenino , Índice de Masa Corporal , Sobrepeso/psicología , Análisis de Clases Latentes , Estudios Transversales , Ingestión de Alimentos/psicología , Conducta Alimentaria/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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