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1.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180429, Jan.-Dec. 2020. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1059128

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objectives: to identify self-efficacy and self-esteem levels in undergraduate nursing students and to verify the mutual relationship between these constructs and with sociodemographic variables. Method: a cross-sectional study, with a sample of 264 students from two universities. Self-esteem and self-efficacy were measured by the Brazilian versions of the Rosenberg's Self-Esteem and of the General and Perceived Self-Efficacy scales, respectively. Results: a predominance of moderate to high self-efficacy was identified, with a mean score of 35.29 and moderate self-esteem, with a mean of 23.48. Self-efficacy was associated with the male gender, priority option in the college entrance examination by nursing, satisfaction with the course and absence of overload, besides correlating positively with age and self-esteem. Conclusion: self-efficacy and self-esteem levels were moderate/high and moderate, respectively. These constructs have shown a mutual relationship and assume an indispensable role both in the individual's personal life and in the professionalization process. These findings point to the need to strengthen mental health in this population, especially in vulnerable students (female, activity overload, dissatisfaction with the course and low self-esteem and self-efficacy), in order to foster their sense of value and the belief in their abilities.


RESUMEN Objetivos: identificar los niveles de autoeficacia y autoestima en estudiantes universitarios de enfermería y verificar la relación de estos constructos entre sí y con las variables sociodemográficas. Método: estudio transversal con una muestra compuesta por 264 estudiantes de dos instituciones de enseñanza superior. La autoestima y la autoeficacia se midieron conforme a las versiones brasileñas de la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg y de la Escala de Autoeficacia General y Percibida, respectivamente. Resultados: se identificó un predominio de autoeficacia de moderada a alta, con un puntaje medio de 35,29 y de autoestima moderada, con una media de 23,48. La autoeficacia se asoció con el sexo masculino, con opción prioritaria de ingreso a la carrera de enfermería, satisfacción con la carrera y ausencia de sobrecarga, además de correlacionarse positivamente con la edad y la autoestima. Conclusión: los niveles de autoeficacia y autoestima fueron moderados/altos y moderados, respectivamente. Estos constructos evidenciaron una relación entre sí y asumen un rol imprescindible tanto en la vida personal del individuo como en el proceso de profesionalización. Estos hallazgos apuntan a la necesidad de fortalecer la salud mental en esta población, especialmente en estudiantes vulnerables (sexo femenino, sobrecarga de actividades, insatisfacción con la carrera y bajos niveles de autoestima y autoeficacia), de modo de favorecer la sensación de valor que se atribuyen como personas y lo que creen con respecto a sus capacidades.


RESUMO Objetivos: identificar os níveis de autoeficácia e autoestima em estudantes de graduação em enfermagem e verificar a relação destes constructos entre si e com variáveis sociodemográficas. Método: estudo transversal, com amostra constituída por 264 estudantes de duas instituições de ensino superior. A autoestima e a autoeficácia foram mensuradas pelas versões brasileiras das Escalas de Autoestima de Rosenberg e de Autoeficácia Geral e Percebida, respectivamente. Resultados: identificou-se predomínio de autoeficácia moderada a alta, com pontuação média de 35,29 e de autoestima moderada, com uma média de 23,48. A autoeficácia foi associada ao sexo masculino, opção prioritária no vestibular pela enfermagem, satisfação com o curso e ausência de sobrecarga, além de correlacionar-se positivamente com a idade e autoestima. Conclusão: os níveis de autoeficácia e autoestima foram moderados/altos e moderados, respectivamente. Estes constructos mostraram relação entre si e assumem um papel imprescindível tanto na vida pessoal do indivíduo como no processo de profissionalização. Estes achados apontam para a necessidade do fortalecimento da saúde mental nesta população, sobretudo, em estudantes vulneráveis (sexo feminino, sobrecarga de atividades, insatisfação com o curso e baixa autoestima e autoeficácia), de modo a favorecer o sentimento de valor que atribuem a si próprios e a crença em suas capacidades.


Asunto(s)
Autoimagen , Salud Mental , Enfermería , Estudiantes , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Estudios Transversales , Autoeficacia , Instituciones de Enseñanza Superior
2.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180429, Jan.-Dec. 2020. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1094545

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objectives: to identify self-efficacy and self-esteem levels in undergraduate nursing students and to verify the mutual relationship between these constructs and with sociodemographic variables. Method: a cross-sectional study, with a sample of 264 students from two universities. Self-esteem and self-efficacy were measured by the Brazilian versions of the Rosenberg's Self-Esteem and of the General and Perceived Self-Efficacy scales, respectively. Results: a predominance of moderate to high self-efficacy was identified, with a mean score of 35.29 and moderate self-esteem, with a mean of 23.48. Self-efficacy was associated with the male gender, priority option in the college entrance examination by nursing, satisfaction with the course and absence of overload, besides correlating positively with age and self-esteem. Conclusion: self-efficacy and self-esteem levels were moderate/high and moderate, respectively. These constructs have shown a mutual relationship and assume an indispensable role both in the individual's personal life and in the professionalization process. These findings point to the need to strengthen mental health in this population, especially in vulnerable students (female, activity overload, dissatisfaction with the course and low self-esteem and self-efficacy), in order to foster their sense of value and the belief in their abilities.


RESUMEN Objetivos: identificar los niveles de autoeficacia y autoestima en estudiantes universitarios de enfermería y verificar la relación de estos constructos entre sí y con las variables sociodemográficas. Método: estudio transversal con una muestra compuesta por 264 estudiantes de dos instituciones de enseñanza superior. La autoestima y la autoeficacia se midieron conforme a las versiones brasileñas de la Escala de Autoestima de Rosenberg y de la Escala de Autoeficacia General y Percibida, respectivamente. Resultados: se identificó un predominio de autoeficacia de moderada a alta, con un puntaje medio de 35,29 y de autoestima moderada, con una media de 23,48. La autoeficacia se asoció con el sexo masculino, con opción prioritaria de ingreso a la carrera de enfermería, satisfacción con la carrera y ausencia de sobrecarga, además de correlacionarse positivamente con la edad y la autoestima. Conclusión: los niveles de autoeficacia y autoestima fueron moderados/altos y moderados, respectivamente. Estos constructos evidenciaron una relación entre sí y asumen un rol imprescindible tanto en la vida personal del individuo como en el proceso de profesionalización. Estos hallazgos apuntan a la necesidad de fortalecer la salud mental en esta población, especialmente en estudiantes vulnerables (sexo femenino, sobrecarga de actividades, insatisfacción con la carrera y bajos niveles de autoestima y autoeficacia), de modo de favorecer la sensación de valor que se atribuyen como personas y lo que creen con respecto a sus capacidades.


RESUMO Objetivos: identificar os níveis de autoeficácia e autoestima em estudantes de graduação em enfermagem e verificar a relação destes constructos entre si e com variáveis sociodemográficas. Método: estudo transversal, com amostra constituída por 264 estudantes de duas instituições de ensino superior. A autoestima e a autoeficácia foram mensuradas pelas versões brasileiras das Escalas de Autoestima de Rosenberg e de Autoeficácia Geral e Percebida, respectivamente. Resultados: identificou-se predomínio de autoeficácia moderada a alta, com pontuação média de 35,29 e de autoestima moderada, com uma média de 23,48. A autoeficácia foi associada ao sexo masculino, opção prioritária no vestibular pela enfermagem, satisfação com o curso e ausência de sobrecarga, além de correlacionar-se positivamente com a idade e autoestima. Conclusão: os níveis de autoeficácia e autoestima foram moderados/altos e moderados, respectivamente. Estes constructos mostraram relação entre si e assumem um papel imprescindível tanto na vida pessoal do indivíduo como no processo de profissionalização. Estes achados apontam para a necessidade do fortalecimento da saúde mental nesta população, sobretudo, em estudantes vulneráveis (sexo feminino, sobrecarga de atividades, insatisfação com o curso e baixa autoestima e autoeficácia), de modo a favorecer o sentimento de valor que atribuem a si próprios e a crença em suas capacidades.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Adulto , Autoimagen , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Salud Mental , Enfermería , Autoeficacia
3.
Orthod Fr ; 91(3): 209-224, 2020 Oct 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146616

RESUMEN

This study is aimed at evaluating the Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) in adolescents aged 11-14 years-old during orthodontic therapy and 18 months after the start of treatment and the possible role of psychological parameters. Sixty patients were recruited, and data were collected using self-administrated questionnaires and intraoral clinical examinations. The questionnaires included sociodemographic characteristics (age, gender), the Lebanese version of the Child Perception Questionnaire between 11 and 14 years CPQ11-14 to assess the OHRQoL, the Discrepancy Aesthetic Index (DAI) for malocclusion, and the Child Health Questionnaire « CHQ-CF87 ¼ to appraise Self-Esteem (SE) and Psychological Well-Being (PWB). The mean scores of CPQ11-14 and its four subdomains were significantly better for participants with high SE /PWB compared to those with low SE / PWB at baseline. These same scores improved significantly during orthodontic treatment (p < 0.001). However, DAI was significantly better in patients with low self-esteem and psychological well-being. Our findings showed improvement in oral health perception and psychologic parameters during orthodontic treatment. Investigators should consider the need to control the psychological parameters of patients when assessing orthodontic treatment need and improvement in OHRQoL during orthodontic treatment.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión , Calidad de Vida , Adolescente , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Estética Dental , Humanos , Maloclusión/terapia , Salud Bucal , Autoimagen , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
4.
Comunidad (Barc., Internet) ; 22(2): 0-0, jul.-oct. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-193593

RESUMEN

OBJETIVOS: Evaluar la efectividad de una intervención comunitaria de formación profesional para jóvenes en riesgo de exclusión social, en la salud autopercibida, la autoestima y el consumo de sustancias (alcohol, tabaco y cannabis). Evaluar la satisfacción de los participantes. MÉTODOS: Diseño: estudio de intervención pre-post. Emplazamiento: tres barrios de renta baja de Barcelona durante 2013-2017. Participantes: 185 participantes, de 21 años de media y predominio masculino (65,5%). Intervención: programa de 4 meses de formación profesional de diferentes disciplinas e itinerarios orientados a la inserción laboral. Mediciones principales: análisis bivariado (McNemar) para datos apareados, comparando la salud autopercibida, autoestima y consumos pre-post intervención. Modelos de regresión de Poisson para las variables resultado, ajustando por variables explicativas. Además, se evaluó la satisfacción con el programa a través de un cuestionario y una discusión grupal. RESULTADOS: la salud autopercibida era elevada antes de la intervención (87,7% hombres y 82,1% mujeres) y se mantuvo tras ella (90,6% y 83,9% respectivamente). Los niveles elevados de autoestima previos a la intervención (92,8% en hombres y 92,9% mujeres) aumentaron tras ella (95,5% y 100% respectivamente), de forma significativa en las mujeres (p < 0,05). El consumo de sustancias no varió tras la intervención. La satisfacción con el programa fue elevada. CONCLUSIÓN: la intervención parece haber mejorado la autoestima en las mujeres, un colectivo con elevado desempleo y normalmente infrarrepresentado en los programas formativos. Esta intervención no incidió en el consumo de sustancias. Los programas de inserción laboral para jóvenes pueden promover factores beneficiosos para la salud mental


OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a community occupational training intervention for young people at risk of social exclusion on self-perceived health, self-esteem and substance use (alcohol, tobacco and cannabis). To assess participant's satisfaction. METHODS: Design: Quasi-experimental before-after study. Setting: Three low-income neighbourhoods in Barcelona during 2013-2017. Participants: 185 participants with an average age of 21 years and mainly males (65.5%). Intervention: Four-month programme on specific occupational skills and itineraries oriented towards occupational integration. Most important measurements: Bivariate analysis (McNemar test) for paired data to compare self-rated health and self-esteem pre-intervention and post-intervention. Poisson regression models for result variables, adjusting for explanatory variables. In addition, satisfaction with the programme was evaluated by means of a questionnaire and group discussion. RESULTS: Pre-intervention self-rating was good (87.7% men and 82.1% women) and remained good post-intervention (90.6% and 83.9% respectively). Pre-intervention self-esteem was good (92.8% in men and 92.9% in women) and increased after the intervention (95.5% and 100% respectively). This was statistically significant in women (P<0.05). Substance use was unaltered after the intervention. Satisfaction with the programme was high. CONCLUSION: The intervention appears to have improved self-esteem among young women, who are an important group among the unemployed, as they are usually underrepresented in training and professional programmes. Programmes that foster young people moving into working life may also promote factors beneficial to mental health


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Participación de la Comunidad , Capacitación Profesional , Poblaciones Vulnerables/psicología , Autoimagen , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/psicología , Consumidores de Drogas/psicología
5.
Rev. esp. geriatr. gerontol. (Ed. impr.) ; 55(5): 272-278, sept.-oct. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-193032

RESUMEN

OBJETIVOS: Analizar si existen diferencias en función de la edad en ansiedad, tristeza, soledad y comorbilidad ansioso-depresiva en personas jóvenes, de mediana edad y mayores confinadas debido a la pandemia de la COVID-19, y explorar la relación entre la autopercepción negativa del envejecimiento y nivel de sintomatología psicológica en función del grupo de edad. MÉTODO: Participan 1.501 personas (rango de edad: 18 a 88 años). Se evaluaron el grado de ansiedad, tristeza y soledad, y la autopercepción del envejecimiento. Se dividió a la muestra en función del grupo de edad y por cuartiles (bajo, intermedios y alto) en ansiedad, tristeza, soledad y autopercepción del envejecimiento. RESULTADOS: Las personas mayores informan de menor ansiedad y tristeza que los de mediana edad y jóvenes, y los de mediana edad de menores niveles que los jóvenes. Los de mediana edad informan de menor soledad, seguidos de los mayores y los jóvenes. Para cada grupo de edad, aquellos con una alta autopercepción negativa del envejecimiento informan de mayor ansiedad, tristeza y soledad. Hay más comorbilidad ansioso-depresiva en jóvenes y menos en mayores; más personas deprimidas en mediana edad, menos mayores con ansiedad, y más mayores y menos jóvenes sin sintomatología ansiosa y depresiva. Para todos los grupos de edad, las personas con comorbilidad ansioso-depresiva son las que tienen puntuaciones altas en autopercepción negativa del envejecimiento. CONCLUSIONES: Las personas mayores informan de menos malestar psicológico que otros grupos de edad. Tener una alta autopercepción negativa del envejecimiento perjudica a la salud psicológica, independientemente de la edad


OBJECTIVES: To analyze differences by age group in anxiety, depression, loneliness and comorbid anxiety and depression in young people, middle aged adults and older adults during the lock-down period at home due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and to explore the association between negative self-perceptions of aging and psychological symptoms controlling by age group. METHOD: Participants are 1501 people (age range 18 to 88 years). Anxiety, sadness, loneliness and self-perceptions of aging were assessed. The sample was divided according to the age group and quartiles (lower, intermediate levels, and higher) of anxiety, sadness, loneliness and self-perceptions of aging. RESULTS: Older adults reported lower levels of anxiety and sadness than middle aged adults, and middle aged adults reported lower levels than younger participants. Middle aged adults reported the lowest loneliness, followed by older adults and younger participants. For each age group, those with more negative self-perceptions of aging reported higher anxiety, sadness and loneliness. More comorbid anxiety and sadness was found in younger adults and less in older adults; more depressed participants in the middle aged group, and more older adults and less younger participants were found in the group with the lowest levels of anxiety and sadness. For all the age groups, participants with high levels of comorbid anxiety and sadness are those who report the highest scores in negative self-perceptions of aging. CONCLUSIONS: Older adults reported lower psychological anxiety, sadness and loneliness than the other age groups. Having negative self-perceptions of aging damage psychological health irrespective of the chronological age


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Cuarentena/psicología , Envejecimiento/psicología , Autoimagen , Soledad/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Adaptación Psicológica , Encuestas de Morbilidad , Pandemias , Factores de Edad , Cuestionario de Salud del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Trastornos de Adaptación/epidemiología
6.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(Suppl 3): 353-359, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030452

RESUMEN

Divorce is a life event with a high level of stress for the entire family. Research shows that the number of divorces is on a steady rise. Family is very important for development of the children and changes within the family, after the divorce, could make consequences on them. Children are dependent on parents and disadvantaged during divorce because it is out of their control. They cannot predict how long will it take and what will be the outcome of divorce which includes separation from close family members, school change, change of home, change of life style and so on. Children often lack information and skills to overcome the challenges that the divorce carries. Conflicting relationships between parents make up the biggest obstacle that makes it difficult for a child to successfully deal with changes in the family. Even though parents deal with heavy feelings, it is desirable to put them the child and his interests in the first place. In order to stabilize the family system it is needed 2 up to 4 years. Children differ from one another in the reactions to the divorce, but there are some emotional reactions that are characteristic for most children of divorced parents, and the most often children reactions are of depressive symptoms, anxiety, anger, lower self-esteem and so on. The emotional reactions of children during the divorce can vary relative to the gender and age of the child. However, the divorce of a parent does not necessarily have to be so negative for children, especially if parents behave in an adequate way and they endeavor to act in such a way to make this process as painless as possible for children.


Asunto(s)
Divorcio/psicología , Psicología Infantil , Autoimagen , Adolescente , Trastornos de Ansiedad/prevención & control , Trastornos de Ansiedad/psicología , Depresión/prevención & control , Depresión/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Padres/psicología
7.
Rev Prat ; 70(6): 674-680, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33058617

RESUMEN

Child's learning disabilities. Learning disabilities are a frequent reason for consultation. If they are more frequent at the beginning of schooling, they may appear later. The family's complaint should be heard, and a rigorous integrative and multidimensional diagnostic approach should be carried out in order to identify the specific disorders at the origin of these difficulties. The therapeutic project set up will aim to accompany the young person, to re-educate the most disabling difficulties and to help him or her find alternative strategies. The impact of the disorders in the different dimensions of his or her development will be reduced, contributing to a better self-esteem and a rein estiment of his or hers schooling. The doctor's role is thus to accompany the child and his or her family along the path of care and to ensure that it is well coordinated.


Asunto(s)
Discapacidades para el Aprendizaje , Adolescente , Niño , Familia , Femenino , Humanos , Discapacidades para el Aprendizaje/diagnóstico , Discapacidades para el Aprendizaje/epidemiología , Discapacidades para el Aprendizaje/terapia , Masculino , Derivación y Consulta , Autoimagen
8.
Chron Respir Dis ; 17: 1479973120962800, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000648

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The COVID pandemic has had a high psychological impact on healthy populations. Increased levels of perceived stress, depression, and insomnia are expected, especially in people with pre-existing medical conditions, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), who seem to be particularly vulnerable. However, the difference in psychological distress frequency between asthma and COPD patients is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of depression, perceived stress related to COVID, post-traumatic stress, and insomnia in asthma and COPD patients at a pulmonology clinic in Santa Marta, Colombia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed. The patients were contacted by telephone. An electronic link was sent to those who accepted. The questionnaire asked for perceived stress related to COVID-19, post-traumatic stress symptoms, depressive symptoms, and insomnia risk. RESULTS: 148 asthma patients and 144 COPD patients participated in, between 18 and 96 years. The prevalence of high COVID-19 perceived stress was 10.6% (n = 31); post-traumatic stress risk, 11.3% (n = 33); depression risk, 31.5% (n = 92); and insomnia risk, 57.7% (n = 169). No significant differences were found between asthma and COPD in indicators of psychological distress. CONCLUSIONS: Asthma and COPD patients present similar frequencies of depression risk, COVID-19 perceived stress, post-traumatic stress risk, and insomnia risk during the Colombian lockdown. It is essential to evaluate and manage psychological distress among asthma and COPD patients. It can reduce the risk of exacerbation and improve the quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Asma , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Depresión , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Calidad de Vida , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático , Asma/epidemiología , Asma/psicología , Betacoronavirus , Colombia/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Depresión/diagnóstico , Depresión/etiología , Depresión/psicología , Autoevaluación Diagnóstica , Femenino , Indicadores de Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Distrés Psicológico , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/epidemiología , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/psicología , Investigación Cualitativa , Autoimagen , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/diagnóstico , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/etiología , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/psicología , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/diagnóstico , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/etiología , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/psicología
9.
Aust J Gen Pract ; 49(10): 625-629, 2020 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015676

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The availability of a COVID-19 vaccine is being heralded as the solution to control the current COVID-19 pandemic, reduce the number of infections and deaths and facilitate resumption of our previous way of life. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to provide a framework for primary care of what will be needed to optimise COVID-19 vaccine confidence and uptake in Australia once the vaccine prioritisation schedule and key target groups are known. DISCUSSION: While a number of vaccines are currently under development, with at least seven undergoing phase III trials (28 August 2020), it is hoped that an effective COVID-19 vaccine will become available to the public in 2021. Ensuring public confidence in vaccine safety and effectiveness will be crucial to facilitate uptake. General practitioners are at the forefront of public health, and one of the most trusted sources for patients. In this article, the authors discuss the expedited vaccine development process for COVID-19 vaccines; the likely vaccine prioritisation schedule and anticipated key target groups; the behavioural and social drivers of vaccination acceptance, including the work required to facilitate this; and the implications for general practice.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Médicos Generales/psicología , Programas de Inmunización/organización & administración , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Salud Pública/métodos , Vacunación , Vacunas Virales/farmacología , Australia , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Grupos Focales , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud/organización & administración , Humanos , Pandemias/prevención & control , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Atención Primaria de Salud/métodos , Autoimagen , Vacunación/métodos , Vacunación/psicología
10.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(10): 1295-1298, 2020.
Artículo en Japonés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999207

RESUMEN

Health professionals should adopt best practices that are cognizant of the communication skills of their patients. Pharmacists should be knowledgeable about hearing disabilities to effectively provide medication education to deaf and hard-of-hearing (HH) patients. The Act for Eliminating Discrimination against Persons with Disabilities requires pharmacists to take the appropriate actions to their patients. However, awareness about the appropriate actions for eliminate discrimination has not increased among medical professionals. This survey examined the knowledge about hearing disabilities, practice of appropriate actions and confidence in medication education to deaf and HH patients on 216 pharmacists in Yahata Pharmaceutical Association in November 2019. Pharmacists had poor awareness about hearing disabilities and about 30% of participants misunderstood appropriate actions in communication to deaf and HH patients. Practice of appropriate action in medication education were taken by only about half of the participants. In particular, placing Ear symbol had not be taken at all. Participants felt that they could provide medication education sufficiently by written materials in spite of poor understanding about the literacy of deaf individuals. On the other hand, they felt unconfident due to lack of understanding about hearing disabilities and how to communicate with their patients. This survey suggests that pharmacists need to learn about hearing disabilities for effective communication and practice of appropriate action in medication education to patients with hearing disabilities. Learning hearing disabilities may enable them to take the actions that are necessary to eliminate discrimination and enhance their confidence in providing medication education.


Asunto(s)
Comunicación , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Educación del Paciente como Asunto , Personas con Deficiencia Auditiva , Farmacéuticos/psicología , Autoimagen , Competencia Clínica , Comprensión , Humanos , Educación del Paciente como Asunto/métodos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
11.
J Womens Health (Larchmt) ; 29(10): 1239-1242, 2020 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006492

RESUMEN

Intimate partner violence (IPV)-defined as physical, psychological, sexual, and/or economic violence typically experienced by women at home and perpetrated by their partners or expartners-is a pervasive form of violence that destroys women's feelings of love, trust, and self-esteem, with important negative consequences on physical and psychological health. Many reports from several countries have underlined a remarkable increase in the cases of IPV during the COVID-19 emergency. In this opinion article, we discussed the hypothesis that such an increase may be related to the restrictive measures enacted to contain the pandemic, including women's forced cohabitation with the abusive partner, as well as the exacerbation of partners' pre-existing psychological disorders during the lockdown. In addition, we retrospectively analyzed some data derived from our practice in a public Italian referral center for sexual and domestic violence (Service for Sexual and Domestic Violence [SVSeD]). These data interestingly revealed an opposite trend, that is, a decrease in the number of women who sought assistance since the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak. Such a reduction should be interpreted as a negative consequence of the pandemic-related restrictive measures. Although necessary, these measures reduced women's possibilities of seeking help from antiviolence centers and/or emergency services. Owing to the COVID-19 outbreak, there is an urgent need for developing and implementing alternative treatment options for IPV victims (such as online and phone counseling and telemedicine), as well as training programs for health care professionals, especially those employed in emergency departments, to facilitate early detection of IPV.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Violencia de Pareja/estadística & datos numéricos , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Cuarentena/psicología , Parejas Sexuales/psicología , Maltrato Conyugal/estadística & datos numéricos , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Violencia de Pareja/psicología , Violencia de Pareja/tendencias , Italia/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Autoimagen , Delitos Sexuales/psicología , Delitos Sexuales/tendencias , Distancia Social , Maltrato Conyugal/psicología , Maltrato Conyugal/tendencias
12.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 148, 2020 Oct 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33106187

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been affecting people's psychosocial health and well-being through various complex pathways. The present study aims to investigate the perceived psychosocial health and its sociodemographic correlates among Chinese community-dwelling residents. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was carried out online and using a structured questionnaire during April 2020. In total, 4788 men and women with the age range of 11-98 years from eight provinces in eastern, central and western China were included in the analysis. We adopted a tactical approach to capture three key domains of perceived psychosocial health that are more likely to occur during a pandemic including hopelessness, loneliness, and depression. Multiple regression method, binary logistic regression model and variance inflation factor (VIF) were used to conduct data analysis. RESULTS: Respectively 34.8%, 32.5% and 44.8% of the participants expressed feeling more hopeless, lonely, and depressed during the pandemic. The percentage of all three indicators was comparatively higher among women than among men: hopelessness (50.7% vs 49.3%), loneliness (52.4% vs 47.6%), and depression (56.2% vs 43.8%). Being married was associated with lower odds of loneliness among men (odds ratio [OR] = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.45-0.90). Loneliness was negatively associated with smoking (OR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.45-0.99) and positively associated with drinking (OR = 1.45, 95% CI: 1.04-2.02). Compared with those in the lowest income bracket (< CNY 10 000), men (OR = 0.34, 95% CI: 0.21-0.55) and women (OR = 0.36, 95% CI: 0.23-0.56) in the highest level of annually housed income (> CNY 40 000) had the lowest odds of reporting perceived hopelessness (OR = 0.35, 95% CI: 0.25-0.48). Smoking also showed negative association with depression only among men (OR = 0.63, 95% CI: 0.43-0.91). CONCLUSIONS: More than one-third of the participants reported worsening in the experience of hopelessness and loneliness, with more than two-fifth of worsening depression during the pandemic compared with before the outbreak. Several socioeconomic and lifestyle factors were found to be associated with the outcome variables, most notably participants' marital status, household income, smoking, alcohol drinking, existing chronic conditions. These findings may be of significance to treat patients and help them recover from the pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Depresión/epidemiología , Soledad/psicología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Autoimagen , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Betacoronavirus/aislamiento & purificación , Niño , China/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/psicología , Depresión/virología , Femenino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Salud Mental , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Prevalencia , Análisis de Regresión , Factores Socioeconómicos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
13.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(10): 1462-1469, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047707

RESUMEN

Background: Educational environment (EE) affects transfer/acquisition of knowledge and skills needed in training medical students. Evaluation of EE by students is paramount to rating the EE of a medical school as well as evaluate effects of interventions. Assessing EE of medical schools is a current global trend. Objectives: : To evaluate EE at the new medical school of the Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University Teaching Hospital Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria; calculate the total and subscale (Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure) DREEM scores and assess differences in these scores amongst the different classes, age groups, and sexes. Methodology: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study using census survey. We administered DREEM questionnaire to 4th, 5th, and 6th year medical students in the 2018/2019 academic session after ethical approval from Health Research and Ethics Committee (HREC). Data entry and analysis done using SPSS. ANOVA was used for association between level of study, age group, and total DREEM/Subscale scores. Test for association between sex and mean subscale/total score was done using independent sample t-test. P value <0.05 was adjudged significant. Cronbach's alpha for internal consistency was calculated. Results: Of 206 students, 185 filled in the questionnaire. Total DREEM score was 119.66, Students' perception of teachers 26.74, Students' academic self Perception 21.94, Students' Perception of Learning 30.75, Students' Social Self Perception 15.04, Students' Perception of Atmosphere 25.26. Three items scored above 3 while 11 items scored ≤2. Fourth year students significantly scored higher than others for all subscale and total DREEM score. No significant associations between age or gender and subscale or total DREEM scores. Cronbach's alpha for all scores was 0.91. Conclusions: The EE was not excellent but "more positive than negative." Improvements are necessary in all domains of DREEM to ensure better quality of the educational environment.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Pregrado en Medicina , Facultades de Medicina/organización & administración , Autoimagen , Medio Social , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Masculino , Nigeria , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Enseñanza , Universidades
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(44): e22862, 2020 Oct 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126330

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to assess the levels of self-perceived burden (SPB) and self-management behavior in elderly stroke survivors during the first 3 months after acute stroke, and to explore the correlation between them.A total of 203 consecutive hospitalized elderly patients diagnosed with stroke were recruited. Self-perceived Burden Scale and Stroke Self-management Scale in 1 month (T1) and 3 months (T2) post-stroke were assessed and compared.The score of SPB in elderly stroke survivors was 28.96 ±â€Š5.50 and 27.25 ±â€Š6.17 at T1 and T2, respectively. Stroke self-management scale scored 165.93 ±â€Š9.82 at T1 and 167.29 ±â€Š10.60 at T2. In the first 3 months post-stroke, the physical burden was dominant (T1 14.73 ±â€Š3.07, T2 14.40 ±â€Š3.13), and the behavior of stroke symptoms and signs monitoring (T1 27.58 ±â€Š6.56, T2 28.64 ±â€Š6.43) and rehabilitation exercise management (T1 21.40 ±â€Š3.28, T2 20.74 ±â€Š3.15) was the worst. SPB was negatively correlated with self-management behavior (T1 r = -.202, T2 r = -.511).Elderly stroke survivors experienced a medium level of SPB and self-management behavior in the first 3 months post-stroke. There is a positive relationship between reduced SPB and improved self-management behavior. Addressing the characteristics and correlations as well as development of targeted interventions for SPB decreasing is beneficial to improving self-management behavior for elderly survivors.


Asunto(s)
Costo de Enfermedad , Autoimagen , Automanejo/psicología , Rehabilitación de Accidente Cerebrovascular/psicología , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Psicometría/instrumentación , Psicometría/métodos , Automanejo/métodos , Automanejo/estadística & datos numéricos , Accidente Cerebrovascular/psicología , Accidente Cerebrovascular/terapia , Rehabilitación de Accidente Cerebrovascular/métodos , Rehabilitación de Accidente Cerebrovascular/estadística & datos numéricos , Sobrevivientes/psicología , Sobrevivientes/estadística & datos numéricos
15.
An. psicol ; 36(2): 232-241, mayo 2020. tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-192059

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The cardinal aim of the present study was to assess the level of social support, self esteem and quality of life among people living with HIV/AIDS in Jammu and Kashmir State of India. Further, the study strived to explore the relationship between independent and dependent variables. METHOD: The study consists a sample of 460 AIDS patients selected through purposive sampling technique, out of them 177 (38.3%) were male, 283 (61.5%) were female patients; 295 (64.1%) were married and 165 (35.9%) were unmarried. Measures included Enriched Social Support Inventory by Mitchell et al., (2003), Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale (1965) and Quality of Life Scale by Sharma & Nasreen (2014). For the statistical analysis of data Mean, Standard deviation, Frequency distribution, t-test, one way analysis of variance, correlation analysis and Scheffe's post hoc test was applied by SPSS 20.0 version. Findings: The findings illustrated that majority of patients have poor social support, lower self-esteem and poor quality of life; also it reveals that patient's social support, and self-esteem differs by age, occupation, duration of illness, gender, and marital status. However their quality of life differs only by their age, occupation, duration of illness, and marital status. Further the result shows social support and self-esteem are positively correlated with quality of life


ANTECEDENTES: El objetivo principal del presente estudio fue evaluar el nivel de apoyo social, autoestima y calidad de vida entre las personas que viven con el VIH / SIDA en Jammu y el Esta do de Cachemira de la India. Además, el estudio se esforzó por explorar la relación entre variables independientes y dependientes. Método: El estudio consiste en una muestra de 460 pacientes con SIDA seleccionados mediante una técnica de muestreo intencional, de ellos 177 (38.3%) eran hombres, 283 (61.5%) eran pacientes femeninas; 295 (64.1%) estaban casados y 165 (35.9%) no estaban casados. Las medidas incluyeron el Inventario de apoyo social enriquecido de Mitchell et al. (2003), la Escala de autoestima de Rosenberg (1965) y la Escala de calidad de vida de Sharma y Nasreen (2014). Para el análisis estadístico de los datos, la versión SPSS 20.0 aplicó la media, la desviación estándar, la distribución de frecuencia, la prueba t, el análisis de varianza unidireccional, el cuadrado de eta, el análisis de correlación y la prueba post hoc de Scheffe. Hallazgos: Los hallazgos ilustran que la mayoría de los pacientes tienen poco apoyo social, baja autoestima y mala calidad de vida; también revela que el apoyo social y la autoestima del paciente difieren según la edad, la ocupación, la duración de la enfermedad, el género y el estado civil. Sin embargo, su calidad de vida difiere solo por su edad, ocupación, duración de la enfermedad y estado civil. Además, el resultado muestra que el apoyo social y la autoestima se correlacionan positivamente con la calidad de vida


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Infecciones por VIH/epidemiología , Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida/epidemiología , Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida/psicología , Apoyo Social , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Autoimagen , Infecciones por VIH/psicología , India/epidemiología , Análisis de Varianza
16.
Rev Infirm ; 69(263): 16-18, 2020.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993896

RESUMEN

The body at the intersection of the natural, social and private. Confronted with a sick body, a body which no longer enjoys the "silence of the organs" within it, an ageing, tired body, caregivers, aside from the care they provide, are faced with a symbolic dimension. At the crossroads between the private and the social spheres, in a confrontation which connects them to an ancestral practice, that of the body as a tool of perception, both "touching and touched", a site of "incorporated" consciousness, caregivers also question their relationship with their own body.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Cuerpo Humano , Relaciones Interpersonales , Autoimagen , Envejecimiento , Enfermedad , Humanos
17.
Rev Infirm ; 69(263): 24-25, 2020.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993899

RESUMEN

Illness and grieving the loss of a healthy body. Grief is a phenomenon which is part of the normal and the pathological. In the case of illness, it is felt for a body which is lost, different, becoming something other. This article studies the notions of grief, body schema and body image.


Asunto(s)
Pesar , Estado de Salud , Cuerpo Humano , Humanos , Autoimagen
18.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(Suppl 2): 233-235, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970641

RESUMEN

Working as a team with patients who are also recreational runners and managing a running school in the City of Mostar had made us thinking on how recreational running affects the mental health in individuals. Previous literature is pretty old dated, so we found this even more interesting. We have wondered why there is no more recent literature on this subject. So, while working on this mini review and discussing on this subjects we came up with an idea on a research about self esteem and life quality of individuals pre and post running school experience. Previous studies show that consistent running results in a number of positive psychological changes among diverse populations. In a study of Kenneth E.C. ordinary nonprofessional runners were surveyed about the psychological aspects of running. Many of the respondents had started running to improve their health, and almost all noted mental and emotional benefits including relief of tension, improved self-image, and better mood. Considering therapeutic effects of running Greist et al. define running as not expensive, and unlike sorne other treatments, it has beneficiai physical side effects. Their results compare favorably with those of patients in psychotherapy and have persisted for at !east one year in follow-up. Taking in mind all of the previously published research it can be concluded that running can be a therapeutic tool for a sereies of negative psychological conditions, such ass depression, anxieta, tension, mood changes, low self esteem etc. Although, these research are a few decades old there is still no recipe or dosage for running, especially in the area of physical ilness prevention. There is much to research and to be discovered in this field.


Asunto(s)
Salud Mental , Carrera/psicología , Afecto , Humanos , Salud Mental/estadística & datos numéricos , Calidad de Vida , Carrera/estadística & datos numéricos , Autoimagen , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(Suppl 2): 236-243, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970642

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Systematic and continuous physical exercise of certain intensity and volume is irreplaceable in the stages of growth and development and in preventing impairments of the biological, functional and health state of the human organism.Many studies show that physical exercise contributes to development and reinforcement of mental health and increases self-esteem. Examine mental health and self-esteem of active athletes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The subjects of the study are active athletes from Herzegovina and students of the Faculty of Health Studies in Mostar. Mental health and self-esteem were measured by a sociodemographic questionnaire, The Symptom Checklist-90 and the Satisfaction With Life Scale. RESULTS: There is a statistically significant difference in the frequency of exercise, active athletes have the highest percentage (100%) and state that they exercise often (almost every day) while university students have a significantly lower percentage (20%).Students scored significantly higher on the subscales for somatization, obsessive - compulsive symptoms, interpersonal vulnerability, depression, anxiety, aggression, phobia, and paranoia than active athletes. Active athletes have statistically higher scores for almost all the claims of the subjective assessment of life satisfaction. CONCLUSION: Active athletes showed significantly less psychological symptoms and better mental health, greater life satisfaction and higher self-esteem than students of the Faculty of Health Studies in Mostar.


Asunto(s)
Atletas/psicología , Salud Mental , Adolescente , Atletas/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Mental/estadística & datos numéricos , Autoimagen , Estudiantes/psicología , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
20.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(Suppl 2): 244-253, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970643

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The mental health of the human being and a higher level of the self-esteem have the positive effects on the peace surrounding, stability, success and the personal satisfaction of any individual. The fundamental opinion is that the dance has the affect on the body and the psychical health of the people. To explore if the dancers have their less-expressed psychical symptoms and higher self-esteem. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The examination was performed on the sample of 310 examinees, mostly of the young life age and who identified themselves as the dancers or non-dancers. For the requirements of the investigation there were used the socio-demographic question-form, the psychical symptoms estimation scale (RCL-90-R) and the Rosenberg self-esteem scale (RSES). RESULTS: The dancers show the smaller appearance of the psychical symptoms and that almost in all sub-scales, but their difference is not statistically significant. The statistically significant difference among the men and the women was recorded in the subscales of the somatisations, then the interpersonal vulnerability, the depression, the anxiety and the phobias. The dancers possess their higher self-esteem then the non-dancers, but statistically their difference is not significant. Comparing the results against the sex, the persons of the female sex possess the higher self-respect than the persons of the male sex. CONCLUSION: The dancers possess less of the psychical symptoms and their higher self-esteem than the non-dancers, but the difference within the results is not significant statistically.


Asunto(s)
Baile/psicología , Autoimagen , Logro , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Ansiedad , Actitud , Baile/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Satisfacción Personal , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
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