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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34073051

RESUMEN

Physical training is considered as a low-cost intervention to generate cardioprotective benefits and to promote physical and mental health, while reducing the severity of acute respiratory infection symptoms in older adults. However, lockdown measures during COVID-19 have limited people's opportunity to exercise regularly. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks of Fitness and Dance training, followed by four weeks of COVID-19-induced detraining, on cardiac adaptations and physical performance indicators in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Twelve older adults (6 males and 6 females) with MCI (age, 73 ± 4.4 y; body mass, 75.3 ± 6.4 kg; height, 172 ± 8 cm; MMSE score: 24-27) participated in eight weeks of a combined Fitness-Dance training intervention (two sessions/week) followed by four weeks of training cessation induced by COVID-19 lockdowns. Wireless Polar Team Pro and Polar heart rate sensors (H10) were used to monitor covered distance, speed, heart rate (HR min, avg and max), time in HR zone 1 to 5, strenuousness (load score), beat-to-beat interval (max RR and avg RR) and heart rate variability (HRV-RMSSD). One-way ANOVA was used to analyze the data of the three test sessions (T1: first training session, T2: last training session of the eight-week training program, and T3: first training session after the four-week training cessation). Statistical analysis showed that eight weeks of combined Fitness-Dance training induced beneficial cardiac adaptations by decreasing HR (HR min, HR avg and HR max) with p < 0.001, ES = 0.5-0.6 and Δ = -7 to-9 bpm, and increasing HRV related responses (max and avg RR and RMSSD), with p < 0.01 and ES = 0.4. Consequently, participants spent more time in comfortable HR zones (e.g., p < 0.0005; ES = 0.7; Δ = 25% for HR zone 1) and showed reduced strenuousness (p = 0.02, Δ = -15% for load score), despite the higher covered total distance and average speed (p < 0.01; ES = 0.4). However, these changes were reversed after only four weeks of COVID-19 induced detraining, with values of all parameters returning to their baseline levels. In conclusion, eight weeks of combined Fitness-Dance training seems to be an efficient strategy to promote cardioprotective benefits in older adults with MCI. Importantly, to maintain these health benefits, training has to be continued and detraining periods should be reduced. During a pandemic, home-based exercise programs may provide an effective and efficient alternative of physical training.


Asunto(s)
Disfunción Cognitiva , Baile , Anciano , Disfunción Cognitiva/terapia , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Aptitud Física
2.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 36(2): 61-71, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34079979

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Accurate field-based assessment of dance kinematics is important to understand the etiology, and thus prevention and management, of hip and back pain. The study objective was to develop a machine learning model to estimate thigh elevation and lumbar sagittal plane angles during ballet leg lifting tasks, using wearable sensor data. METHODS: Female dancers (n=30) performed ballet-specific leg lifting tasks to the front, side, and behind the body. Dancers wore six wearable sensors (100 Hz). Data were simultaneously collected using an 18-camera motion analysis system (250 Hz). Due to synchronization and hardware malfunction issues, only 23 dancers had usable data. Using leave-one-out cross-validation, machine learning models were compared with the optic motion capture system using root mean square error (RMSE) in degrees and correlation coefficients (r) over the complete movement profile of each leg lift and mean absolute error (MAE) and Bland Altman plots for peak angle accuracy. RESULTS: The average RMSE for model estimation was 6.8° for thigh elevation angle and 5.6° for lumbar spine sagittal plane angle, with respective MAE of 6.3°and 5.7°. There was a strong correlation between the machine learning model and optic motion capture for peak angle values (thigh r=0.86, lumbar r=0.96). CONCLUSION: The models developed demonstrated an acceptable degree of accuracy for the estimation of thigh elevation angle and lumbar spine sagittal plane angle during dance-specific leg lifting tasks. This provides potential for a near-real-time, field-based measurement system.


Asunto(s)
Baile , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Femenino , Humanos , Vértebras Lumbares , Aprendizaje Automático
3.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 36(2): 78-87, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34079981

RESUMEN

AIMS: Research demonstrates that dancers benefit from reduced injury risk and improved health by engaging in strength training and conditioning (STC). Historic bias within the discipline of dance, however, establishes a long-standing stigma that gains in muscle mass and strength lessen a dancer's aesthetic appearance, and thus many dancers rebuff STC as a supplement to dance training. However, there is growing evidence that dancers and dance educators are beginning to under¬stand the importance of additional resistance training and cardiovascular conditioning. This study explored dancers' perceptions and utilization of STC using a general qualitative approach. METHODS: Twenty-three female collegiate dancers (13 contemporary dancers, 10 ballet dancers, mean age 19.95 ± 0.97 yrs) volunteered to participate in this study. The principal investigator conducted individual, semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: Inductive analysis revealed three major themes: 1) evolving body image, 2) motivation, and 3) education. Trustworthiness was established using member checks, peer debriefing, and journaling. This study concluded collegiate dancers utilized STC as a means to enhance the individual's body image. This was driven by a continuum of motivating factors. Although collegiate dancers are utilizing STC, education on STC techniques and practices was minimal. CONCLUSIONS: While further research is needed, results from this study suggest STC could be initiated and promoted in the discipline of dance to further enhance physical fitness and general well-being. Dancers and dance instructors should receive education about the importance of STC within dance training as well as how to safely implement STC exercise into training regimens.


Asunto(s)
Baile , Entrenamiento de Resistencia , Adolescente , Adulto , Ejercicio Físico , Femenino , Humanos , Percepción , Aptitud Física , Adulto Joven
4.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 36(2): 108-128, 2021 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34079984

RESUMEN

AIMS: Understanding the biomechanics of jumping in ballet dancers provides an opportunity to optimize performance and mitigate injury risk. This systematic review aimed to summarize research investigating kinetics and kinematics of jumping in ballet dancers. METHODS: PubMed (MEDLINE), SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science were systematically searched for studies published before December 2020. Studies were required to investigate dancers specializing in ballet, assess kinetics or kinematics during take-off or landing, and be published in English. RESULTS: A total of 3,781 articles were identified, of which 29 met the inclusion criteria. Seven studies investigated take-off (kinetics: n = 6; kinematics: n = 4) and 23 studies investigated landing (kinetics: n = 19; kinematics: n = 12). Included articles were categorized into six themes: Activity Type (n = 10), Environment and Equipment (n = 10), Demographics (n = 8), Physical Characteristics (n = 3), Injury Status (n = 2), and Skill Acquisition and Motor Control (n = 1). Peak landing vertical ground reaction force (1.4-9.6 times body weight) was most commonly reported. Limited evidence suggests greater ankle involvement during the take-off of ballet jumps compared to countermovement jumps. There is also limited evidence indicating greater sagittal plane joint excursions upon landing in ballet dancers compared to non-dancers, primarily through a more extended lower extremity at initial contact. Only 4 articles investigated male ballet dancers, which is a notable gap in the literature. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this review can be used by dance science and medicine practitioners to improve their understanding of jumping in ballet dancers.


Asunto(s)
Baile , Articulación del Tobillo , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Humanos , Cinética , Extremidad Inferior , Masculino
5.
CBE Life Sci Educ ; 20(2): ar27, 2021 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33944618

RESUMEN

The first-year student experience in college is a crucial time for personal and professional development, especially for students entering science, technology, education, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines. Unfortunately, it is also the time when students most commonly leave STEM, largely due to disconnection from faculty and peers. The Freshman Research Initiative (FRI) is a program that introduces first-year undergraduates to research in a variety of fields. The program has shown positive outcomes for student success and retention in STEM fields. However, it has not been demonstrated whether this program can increase social connectedness and assurance, potentially contributing to students' longer-term retention in STEM. In this pilot study, we measured social connectedness/assurance among students before and after a 16-week course in neurophysiology. We found that combined scores of social connectedness and assurance significantly increased by the end of the course. We also found that individual constructs of social connectedness and assurance significantly increased. Furthermore, the majority of students from FRI were retained in STEM fields. We plan future studies to include collection of longitudinal data and measures to identify additional reasons that the FRI increased these positive outcomes among our student participants.


Asunto(s)
Baile , Enfermedad de Parkinson , Humanos , Proyectos Piloto , Estudiantes , Universidades
6.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(9)2021 Apr 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33924841

RESUMEN

Inertial sensors (IS) enable the kinematic analysis of human motion with fewer logistical limitations than the silver standard optoelectronic motion capture (MOCAP) system. However, there are no data on the validity of IS for perturbation training and during the performance of dance. The aim of this present study was to determine the concurrent validity of IS in the analysis of kinematic data during slip and trip-like perturbations and during the performance of dance. Seven IS and the MOCAP system were simultaneously used to capture the reactive response and dance movements of fifteen healthy young participants (Age: 18-35 years). Bland Altman (BA) plots, root mean square errors (RMSE), Pearson's correlation coefficients (R), and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were used to compare kinematic variables of interest between the two systems for absolute equivalency and accuracy. Limits of agreements (LOA) of the BA plots ranged from -0.23 to 0.56 and -0.21 to 0.43 for slip and trip stability variables, respectively. The RMSE for slip and trip stabilities were from 0.11 to 0.20 and 0.11 to 0.16, respectively. For the joint mobility in dance, LOA varied from -6.98-18.54, while RMSE ranged from 1.90 to 13.06. Comparison of IS and optoelectronic MOCAP system for reactive balance and body segmental kinematics revealed that R varied from 0.59 to 0.81 and from 0.47 to 0.85 while ICC was from 0.50 to 0.72 and 0.45 to 0.84 respectively for slip-trip perturbations and dance. Results of moderate to high concurrent validity of IS and MOCAP systems. These results were consistent with results from similar studies. This suggests that IS are valid tools to quantitatively analyze reactive balance and mobility kinematics during slip-trip perturbation and the performance of dance at any location outside, including the laboratory, clinical and home settings.


Asunto(s)
Baile , Adolescente , Adulto , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Prueba de Esfuerzo , Marcha , Humanos , Movimiento , Rango del Movimiento Articular , Adulto Joven
7.
BMJ Open ; 11(4): e045064, 2021 04 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849853

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Balancing problems are prominent in stroke survivors with unilateral paresis. Recent evidence supports that dance interventions are associated with significant improvements in gait, stability and walking endurance in people with neurological conditions. The aim of this study is to explore the feasibility of a novel ballet-inspired at-home workout programme (Footprints to Better Balance (FBB)) for stroke survivors. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A mixed-methods exploratory study incorporating a randomised controlled trial and qualitative evaluation will be conducted. We will recruit 40 adults with a first-ever ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke and mild-moderate lower limb paresis from two acute stroke units. The intervention group will receive usual care plus FBB, an 8-week home-based programme with ballet-inspired workouts underpinned by Bandura's principles of self-efficacy and outcome expectation. FBB will be delivered by trained lay and peer volunteers, with the support of volunteer healthcare professionals. Multiple data will be collected: Recruitment rate, adherence to FBB, semi-structured interviews and questionnaires on outcomes (balance, gait and memory) assessed at baseline and immediately post-intervention. The generalised estimating equations model will be used to compare differential changes on outcomes across time points between the two arms. Qualitative data will be coded and grouped to form themes and subthemes. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Ethical approval from the Joint Chinese University of Hong Kong-New Territories East Cluster Clinical Research Ethics Committee has been obtained. All eligible participants will provide written informed consent. Study results will be disseminated via publications in peer-reviewed journals and presentations at international conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04460794.


Asunto(s)
Baile , Rehabilitación de Accidente Cerebrovascular , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Adulto , Estudios de Factibilidad , Hong Kong , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Accidente Cerebrovascular/terapia
8.
J Strength Cond Res ; 35(6): 1599-1603, 2021 Jun 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33795604

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Coogan, SM, Hansen-Honeycutt, J, Fauntroy, V, and Ambegaonkar, JP. Upper-body strength endurance and power norms in healthy collegiate dancers: A 10-year prospective study. J Strength Cond Res 35(6): 1599-1603, 2021-Dance is physically demanding and requires dancers to have adequate upper body (UB), core, and lower-body fitness to perform successfully. 50-85% of dancers suffer injury during a performance season. Although a large number of dancer's injuries are to the lower body, several dance genres (e.g., modern, hip hop, and salsa) use UB motions such as partner lifts and holds, which may result in a higher risk for UB injury. Health care practitioners often use baseline physical performance normative values to determine their clients' fitness levels and when planning training programs to prevent or rehabilitate postinjury. Still, little information exists regarding UB fitness norms among collegiate dancers. Thus, our purpose was to determine UB strength endurance and power norms in healthy collegiate dancers. We recorded UB muscular fitness in 214 healthy collegiate dancers (males: n = 26, 174.0 ± 6.7 cm, 71.3 ± 9.2 kg and females: n = 188, 163.0 ± 6.1 cm, 59.3 ± 6.8 kg) prospectively over a 10-year period (2008-2018) in a dance program that emphasizes modern and ballet dance. For UB strength endurance, we recorded the number of push-ups a dancer was able to perform without forcibly straining or losing form for 2 consecutive repetitions. For UB power, dancers sat with legs outstretched, backs flat against a wall, and threw a 3-kg ball horizontally from their chest as far as possible (distance thrown normalized to body height, *BH). The best attempt of 3 trials was used for statistical analyses. We report descriptive statistics, interquartile ranges (IQRs), and percentiles for both outcome measures. Dancers performed 20.4 ± 10.6 (range: 2-70, IQR: 12-24; males: 32.5 ± 14.4; females: 18.4 ± 8.4) push-ups and threw the medicine ball 1.8 ± 0.5 *BH (range: 45-3.9, IQR: 1.4-2.1; females: 1.7 ± 0.5; males: 2.3 ± 0.7). Overall, in this long-term prospective study, we developed UB fitness norms for dancers. The push-up test and medicine ball throw test are simple, low-tech, and inexpensive to test dancers UB fitness. Although dancers' UB muscular fitness was lower than previous reports among traditional sport athletes, these values may not necessarily indicate problems, as subjects were all healthy collegiate-level dancers. Rather, our findings reinforce the need to develop dance-specific norms so that practitioners can use these values to assess dancers' UB fitness and devise interventions appropriately. These results provide baseline UB muscular fitness norms among collegiate modern and ballet dancers, and further support the notion that differing norms are needed for different sports and dance genres. Specifically, future researchers should similarly develop norms across different dance genres for preprofessional and professional dancers and also examine whether these norms can predict dancers' injury risk or performance.


Asunto(s)
Baile , Deportes , Ejercicio Físico , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudios Prospectivos , Universidades
9.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 36(1): 18-26, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647093

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Altered ground reaction force (GRF) and joint torsional stiffness are associated with various lower extremity injuries, but these have yet to be examined in dancers with flexor hallucis longus (FHL) tendinopathy. Additionally, a simple, field-friendly kinematic correlate to ground contact kinetics would be useful for clinical application. The purpose of this study was to compare lower extremity biomechanics during takeoff of a dance leap (saut de chat) in dancers with and without FHL tendinopathy, and to examine lower limb posture at initial contact as a clinical correlate of injury-related kinetic factors. METHODS: Motion capture and inverse dynamics were used to analyze saut de chat takeoff performed by 11 uninjured dancers and 8 dancers with FHL tendinopathy. GRF parameters, joint torsional stiffness of the metatarsophalangeal, ankle, and knee joints, and lower extremity posture at initial contact were compared between groups using Welch's t-tests. RESULTS: Dancers with FHL tendinopathy maintained similar jump height as the uninjured dancers, but exhibited lower peak vertical GRF, longer time to peak force, and less joint torsional stiffness at the metatarsophalangeal, ankle, and knee joints during loading response of the takeoff step. Lower extremity contact angle was smaller and the horizontal distance between center-of-mass and center-of-pressure was greater in dancers with FHL tendinopathy. These two measures of lower limb posture at initial contact were significantly correlated with kinetic factors occurring later in ground contact (R2=0.29-0.51). CONCLUSION: Dancers with FHL tendinopathy demonstrated altered lower extremity kinetics during takeoff of a leap compared to uninjured dancers, which may contribute to, or be a compensation response to, injury.


Asunto(s)
Baile , Tendinopatía , Articulación del Tobillo , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Pie , Humanos , Extremidad Inferior
10.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 36(1): 27-33, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647094

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Hand-held dynamometry is considered an efficient, effective, and portable means of objectively measuring lower extremity strength; however, it has yet to be studied specific to dance-relevant muscle performance. Also, dynamometry is often criticized for variability in results based on tester strength and sex. Use of an external stabilizing device has been suggested to minimize differences in outcomes between male and female testers by reducing variability associated with tester strength limitations. Therefore, this study used a barre-mounted, portable dynamometer stabilizing device to improve consistency of results among different testers for assessing hip and lower extremity muscle performance in dance-relevant positions. OBJECTIVE: To assess the intra and inter-rater reliability of a barre-mounted dynamometer stabilizing device in measuring muscle performance in common dance maneuvers. METHODS: Two testers assessed muscle performance of three common dance maneuvers--développé en avant, à la secondé, and arabesque--on 11 pre-professional and professional dancers on two separate occasions to establish intra- and inter-rater reliability of the barre-mounted dynamometer stabilizing device. RESULTS: Intra-rater reliability was moderate to high and inter-rater reliability of the device was excellent, with intraclass correlation coefficients ranging from 0.527-0.851 and 0.834-0.953, respectively, for all positions. CONCLUSIONS: The barre-mounted stabilizing device shows promise in mitigating tester strength or fatigue in assessing muscle performance of dancers. Initial assessment of the device suggests further study may be indicated to improve generalizability to applications of larger-scale muscle performance screening and assessment in dancers or other athletic populations who engage in movements that require extensive hip range of motion and multi-joint stability. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Using a portable, barre-mounted stabilizing device in assessing multi-joint lower extremity muscle performance in dancers improves consistency of testing results. Application of this testing device into wider scale screenings could assist in developing normative data for a population that is lacking.


Asunto(s)
Baile , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Fuerza Muscular , Dinamómetro de Fuerza Muscular , Rango del Movimiento Articular , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
11.
Med Probl Perform Art ; 36(1): 45-53, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647097

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Dancing requires a high range of motion in the foot as well as a good shock-absorbing system formed by the foot and ankle joints. Although there is a broad consensus in dance that excessive calcaneal eversion can cause injury and should be avoided, calcaneal eversion is discussed controversially in the dance literature. An increased research focus on the biomechanics of dance, particularly research pertaining to the foot and ankle joints, might help to resolve this controversy. OBJECTIVES: The study's main purpose was to generate hitherto lacking kinematic data of calcaneal eversion in a dancer's demi-plié. METHODS: Thirty-two contemporary dancers performed three trials in two different conditions: demi-plié in parallel and in turned-out positions. The motion capture system FASTRAK was used to measure calcaneal eversion and foot and lower leg alignment during demi-plié. RESULTS: Maximal calcaneal eversion in turned-out demi-pliés was 3.36°±4° and total range of motion (i.e., maximal minus minimal angle) of calcaneal eversion was 3.73°±1.42°, where the large standard deviations indicate substantial variability across participants. Calcaneal eversion was significantly different between turned-out (3.36°±4°) and parallel (1.17°±4.06°) demi-pliés, as was the alignment of the lower leg and foot, where the lower leg tracked more medially relative to the foot during turned-out pliés. Crucially, both the magnitude of calcaneal eversion and its temporal coupling with ankle dorsiflexion were highly variable across participants. CONCLUSIONS: Average calcaneal eversion is a poor indicator of the role calcaneal eversion plays in the demi-plié of contemporary dancers. Rather, the temporal coupling between calcaneal eversion and ankle dorsiflexion needs to be considered.


Asunto(s)
Tobillo , Baile , Articulación del Tobillo , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Humanos , Pierna , Rango del Movimiento Articular
12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33672286

RESUMEN

(1) Background: Dance teachers (DT) are dependent on their functional body. Pain can hardly be avoided during the professional practice of dance. Pain can become so intense that it impairs, or even prevents, the professional practice. The aim of this study was to identify the determinants of pain intensity of the most severely affected body regions of DT in pain during the three-month period prior to the survey. (2) Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted by an online survey. A total of 166 DT participated in the study; 143 of the DT were in pain during the three-month period and were included in the analysis. Using multiple linear regression, the determinants of pain intensity were identified from population parameters, occupational data, pain localisation, and temporal pain course. (3) Results: Regions of the lower extremity and head/trunk regions were most frequently indicated as the body regions with the most severe pain. The multiple regression model generated with the factors "functional impairment", "biomechanical exposure", and "pain at rest" explains a statistically significant, moderate proportion of the variance in pain intensity (R2 = 0.22, F (3, 106) = 10.04, p < 0.001). (4) Conclusions: Intensity of pain in DT seems to be related to the physical demands of professional practice.


Asunto(s)
Baile , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Dolor , Educación y Entrenamiento Físico , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(11): e25102, 2021 Mar 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725986

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Since the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), with the improvement of diagnosis and treatment level in various countries, more and more patients have been discharged after systematic treatment. In order to effectively promote the overall recovery of patients' physical and mental function and quality of life (QOL), the focus of clinical work should be gradually shifted to rehabilitation treatment. Dance-based mind-motor activities were defined as coordinated upright mind-motor movements that emphasize dynamic balance, structured through music or an inner rhythm (e.g., breathing) and distinctive instructions or choreography, and that involve social interaction. It has positive effects on motor function, lung function, psychological mood and other aspects, so it can be used as a safe alternative therapy for patients recovering from COVID-19. At present, there are no relevant articles for systematic review. METHODS: From its inception until March 2021, we will conduct a comprehensive electronic search, including Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, PubMed, Springer, EMBASE, Chinese Science Citation Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, Wan-fang database. Two independent researchers will conduct article retrieval, screening, quality assessment, and data analysis through the Review Manager (V. 5.3.5). RESULTS: The results of this study will evaluate the effectiveness and safety of dance-based mind-motor activities for the improvement of QOL in COVID-19 patients during the recovery period. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of the study will provide an evidence to judge whether dance-based mind-motor activities is effective and safe for COVID-19 in recovery period. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This protocol will not evaluate individual patient information or infringe patient rights and therefore does not require ethical approval. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42021232995.


Asunto(s)
/rehabilitación , Terapia a traves de la Danza/métodos , Actividad Motora , Calidad de Vida , Baile , Humanos , Artes Marciales , Proyectos de Investigación , Resultado del Tratamiento
15.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 43: 101348, 2021 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33743390

RESUMEN

This study aimed to compare the effect of a binary and quaternary rhythm protocol on cognition, mental activity, daily life, and quality of life among individuals with Parkinson's Disease. A two-arm randomized clinical trial with 31 individuals diagnosed with Parkinson's disease, who were allocated to the binary group or quaternary group. Both groups underwent a 12-week intervention. The following variables were analyzed: personal and clinical information; MoCA; UPDRSI and II; PDQ-39. Both intervention groups improved cognition, mental activity, activities of daily living, and quality of life. In addition, there were intergroup differences in total UPDRSII, writing, and hygiene where the quaternary group was superior to the binary group. It concludes that the binary and quaternary rhythm positively influenced and presented similar effects on the complementary treatment of individuals with Parkinson's disease on the studied variables. Thus, it is believed that both interventions are possible and feasible for the health professionals involved in the area.


Asunto(s)
Terapia a traves de la Danza , Baile , Enfermedad de Parkinson , Actividades Cotidianas , Humanos , Enfermedad de Parkinson/terapia , Calidad de Vida
16.
Licere (Online) ; 24(01): 195-229, 20210317. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247949

RESUMEN

Desdobramento de uma etnografia realizada no contexto da Irmandade Folia de Reis São Francisco de Assis, na cidade de Carmo do Cajuru/MG/Brasil, o artigo aborda a prática festiva, a dança, o canto e os ritos em meio a um trabalho de maturação e associação do que é vivido, daquilo que habilita as pessoas ao desenvolvimento das habilidades. Uma prática social de histórias de envolvimentos e experiências vividas, integrada num sistema sociocosmológico e organizada por uma coletividade heterogênea. No contexto dessa prática apresento os Dourados dos Palhaços e o acordeon promovendo diálogos, mediando as relações e se destacando como potência relacional dentro da performance musical. A antropologia, a etnomusicologia e o lazer tornaram-se, metodologicamente, o caminho para análise desta festa, buscando envolver a relação de elementos como a sonoridade, os cantos e os instrumentos, as danças e os sentimentos.


The unfolding of na ethnography carried out in the context of the 'Irmandade Folia de Reis São Francisco de Assis', in the city of Carmo do Cajuru/MG/Brazil, the article addresses the festive practice, the dance, singing, and rites in the midst of a work and association of what is lived, of what enables people to develop skills. A social practice of stories of involvement and lived experiences, integrated into a socio-cosmological system and organized by a heterogeneous collectivity. In the context of this practice, I present the 'Dourados dos Palhaços e o acordeon' promoting dialogue, mediating relationships, and standing out as a relational Power with in the musical performance. The anthropology, ethnomusicology, and leisure became methodologically, the path to analyze this feast, seeking to involve the relationship of elements such as sound, the songs and instruments, dances and feelings.


Asunto(s)
Actividades Recreativas , Baile
17.
Health Promot Pract ; 22(2): 163-166, 2021 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527854

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted all aspects of life, from health to financial to social. College students in particular have faced difficulties adjusting to an entirely virtual atmosphere, compounding the normal stressors that come with full class loads and transitioning into more independent adult lives. In response to the onset of the COVID-19 crisis, a faculty member at the University of South Florida's College of Public Health designed impromptu, free dance lessons offered through a virtual video platform to the college and broader community. The lessons were offered with the intent of providing a healthy and engaging environment to help students and others in the community cope with lockdown stress, depression, and anxiety throughout spring and summer 2020. This article summarizes the structure of the intervention, lessons learned throughout implementation, and the broader practice potential during the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond.


Asunto(s)
Baile , Resiliencia Psicológica , Estudiantes/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Adulto , Ansiedad , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Baile/psicología , Ejercicio Físico/psicología , Humanos , Salud Mental , Pandemias , Características de la Residencia , Universidades
18.
Adapt Phys Activ Q ; 38(2): 307-328, 2021 Feb 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596544

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of people with Parkinson's (PwP) and their care partners (CPs) who participated in a Parkinson's-focused community dance class in a northeastern state of the United States. In this qualitative inquiry, participants included five PwP and their respective CPs (n = 5). Three major, recurrent, and interrelated themes emerged from the data. These themes were (a) keep moving, (b) compassion in action, and (c) acceptance and freedom in dance. These themes captured personal and environmental factors that influenced the participation of PwP and their CPs in a dance class and how they perceived that dance influenced their quality of life. The themes described the obstacles, motives, and perceived outcomes of participating in dance. The findings emphasize the need for future dance interventions and programs that consider the CPs' role in promoting participation for PwP in dance classes.


Asunto(s)
Baile , Enfermedad de Parkinson , Cuidadores , Humanos , Enfermedad de Parkinson/terapia , Investigación Cualitativa , Calidad de Vida
19.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 161, 2021 Feb 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33563260

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Many young girls with generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) choose to participate in dance because their bodies are suited for this activity. Scoliosis tends to occur often in thin girls, who also are more likely to choose dance. Both anomalies (GJH and scoliosis) may be related to reduced abilities such as diminished strength and insufficient postural balance, with increased risk for musculoskeletal conditions. The main objectives of the present study were to determine the prevalence of dancers with GJH, the prevalence of dancers with scoliosis, and the prevalence of dancers with these two anomalies; and, to determine differences in physical abilities and the presence of patellofemoral pain (PFP) between young female dancers with and without such anomalies. METHODS: One hundred thirty-two female dancers, aged 12-14 years, were assessed for anthropometric parameters, GJH, scoliosis, knee muscle strength, postural balance, proprioception ability, and PFP. RESULTS: GJH was identified in 54 dancers (40.9%) and scoliosis in 38 dancers (28.8%). Significant differences were found in the proportion of dancers with no anomalies (74 dancers, 56.1%) and dancers with both anomalies (34 dancers, 25.8%) (p < .001). Dancers with both anomalies had reduced dynamic postural balance in the anterior direction (p = .023), reduced proprioception ability (p < .001), and weaker knee extensors (p = .036) and flexors (p = .040) compared with dancers with no anomalies. Among dancers with both anomalies, 73.5% suffered bilateral PFP, 17.6% suffered unilateral PFP, and 8.8% had no PFP (p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: A high prevalence of young girls participating in dance classes had GJH, as the increased joint flexibility probably provides them with some esthetic advantages. The high prevalence of scoliosis found in these young dancers might be attributed to their relatively low body mass, their delayed maturation, and the selection process of dancers. Dancers with both GJH and scoliosis had decreased muscle strength, reduced postural balance, reduced proprioception, with higher risk of PFP. The main clinical implications are the need to reduce the risk of PFP among dancers by developing appropriate strength and stabilizing exercises combined with proprioceptive and postural balance training, to improve the correct alignment of the hyperextended and hypermobile joints, and to improve their supporting muscle strength.


Asunto(s)
Baile , Inestabilidad de la Articulación , Síndrome de Dolor Patelofemoral , Escoliosis , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Inestabilidad de la Articulación/diagnóstico , Inestabilidad de la Articulación/epidemiología , Rango del Movimiento Articular , Escoliosis/epidemiología
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