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Urology ; 137: 119-120, 2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115060
J Nurs Adm ; 50(3): 117-119, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040051


In 2019, American Organization for Nursing Leadership (AONL) instructed its 1st cohort of Nurse Executive Fellowship participants in response to a need in the field to support nurses new to executive positions. This aligns with the AONL mission to shape healthcare through innovative and expert nursing leadership.

Becas/organización & administración , Liderazgo , Enfermeras Administradoras/organización & administración , Humanos , Relaciones Interinstitucionales , Rol de la Enfermera , Innovación Organizacional , Sociedades de Enfermería/organización & administración , Estados Unidos
Harefuah ; 159(1): 55-57, 2020 01.
Artículo en Hebreo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930812

Becas , Humanos
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(2): 567-574, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985661


BACKGROUND: The purpose of this Web-based survey was to elucidate the current perspectives of plastic surgery residency program directors on training residents to perform gender-affirming surgery. METHODS: Web-based surveys were distributed to 79 plastic surgery program directors. Demographic information and perspectives on training of gender-affirming surgery in plastic surgery residency were queried. RESULTS: Of 79 distributed surveys, there were 43 responses (54 percent). Overall, program directors reported that their trainees were prepared to address plastic surgery-related transgender concerns (67 percent), and believe plastic surgeons are the most appropriate specialty referral for each type of gender-affirming surgery (top/chest, 98 percent; facial, 95 percent; and bottom/genital, 79 percent). Ninety-three percent of program directors noted that transgender surgery is becoming more accepted and/or practiced in their referral area, with 26 percent reporting a dedicated clinic experience. There was a mixed response on the need for additional fellowship training for gender-affirming surgery. Residents are exposed to significantly more bottom (p = 0.0018), top (p = 0.0013), and facial operations (p = 0.00005) if they rotate through a "gender" clinic. CONCLUSIONS: Of the queried program directors, the majority feel their residents are well-trained in gender-affirming surgery. However, residents have more clinical exposure in facial and top (chest) gender-affirming surgery as compared to bottom (genital) surgery. Although most program directors agree that plastic surgeons are the most important referral for top, bottom, and facial operations, there is less consensus over the role of fellowship training. Most program directors reported a desire to devote additional CME time to the topic in the coming years.

Internado y Residencia , Cirugía de Reasignación de Sexo/educación , Becas , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Transexualismo/cirugía , Estados Unidos
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(1): 31-35, 2020.
Artículo en Japonés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902882


After completing my doctoral training, I joined the Ronald Davis Laboratory at The Scripps Research Institute, Florida. At Scripps, I extended my research and worked to understand the mechanisms of age-related memory impairment. Three and a half years in Florida passed very quickly while I worked with a multi-national multi-cultural team of scientists. Since returning to Japan, I now lead my own research team. My research experience abroad helped me to expand my scope of research, and allowed me to combine the fields of aging and neurosciences to discover solutions for many newly emerging challenges to human health. Beyond the experience I gained from my research, working with researchers from different cultures and with different values broadened my horizons. One of my best memories while working in the USA was to enjoy going to the beach near my laboratory while waiting in between my experiments. Looking back, it was great to have so much time to myself to reflect on my challenging research topic, while also having a chance to make so many new friends. Having friends to share in and cherish each other's successes, or to discuss our research or a wide range of topics-even after returning to Japan-is indeed a great wealth I now possess as a result of having studied abroad.

Academias e Institutos , Educación de Postgrado en Farmacia , Becas , Trastornos de la Memoria , Investigación , Florida , Humanos , Japón
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(1): 37-41, 2020.
Artículo en Japonés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902883


Studying abroad may prove an attractive opportunity for young Japanese scientists, as it would allow them to broaden their perspectives regarding occupational diversity as a scientist. This is the first observation I made after studying abroad at the University of Oxford for two and a half years as a postdoctoral fellow. Many young scientists in the UK have got occupations not only in academia or in manufacturing industries, but also in various other business fields. Their occupational diversity seems to be considerably wider than that found among young Japanese scientists. The second feature I observed was related to my new lifestyle in the UK, which included the practice of research. It was notably different from my experiences in Japan, and it made me reconsider how to conduct my research in a more efficient manner. During my stay in the UK, I was able to identify the significance of spending time in a different culture by avoiding contact with Japanese culture as much as I could. In this essay, I introduce the details of my process of departing for the UK and my life in Oxford; it is my hope that this information will be useful for young Japanese scientists in contemplating their life plans.

Química Orgánica/educación , Química Farmacéutica/educación , Educación de Postgrado , Becas , Ocupaciones , Investigación , Humanos , Japón , Reino Unido
J Surg Res ; 246: 200-206, 2020 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604181


BACKGROUND: The internet is a valuable resource for residency and fellowship applicants when deciding where to apply or interview, yet program websites have shown critical deficiencies in accessibility and content. No analysis of cardiothoracic surgery program websites has been performed. METHODS: Online databases and Google were used to identify integrated, 4 + 3, and traditional cardiothoracic surgery residency and fellowship programs. The accessibility of websites from each of these sources was assessed and the presence or absence of content that may be relevant to applicants was evaluated by two reviewers. RESULTS: Eighty-nine active programs were identified and 86 had functional websites. Website content and accessibility were overall suboptimal in all 86 of these programs. Google was the most reliable means of accessing a program's website. Fifty percent of integrated program websites and 60% of traditional fellowship websites contained less than half of the content assessed. Information on 4 + 3 programs was extremely limited. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the value that a program's website could provide to applicants when making decisions during the application process, cardiothoracic surgery residency and fellowship websites remain difficult to access and are not uniformly providing information that may be important. Improving cardiothoracic website accessibility and content may have implications for attracting the most competitive applicants while limiting the financial and scheduling demands associated with the interview process. Creation of a current database containing standardized information relevant to applicants may improve applicants' ability to form an impression of a program before scheduling an interview.

Becas/organización & administración , Internet , Internado y Residencia/organización & administración , Solicitud de Empleo , Cirugía Torácica/educación , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Cardíacos/educación , Humanos , Estados Unidos
Eur J Ophthalmol ; 30(1): 81-87, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30426767


INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the adverse event rate following pars plana vitrectomy as a function of surgical start time and the presence of a vitreoretinal fellow. METHODS: Single-institution retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing pars plana vitrectomy from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2016 at Stanford University School of Medicine (Palo Alto, CA, USA). Records were reviewed for surgical start time, the presence of vitreoretinal fellow, and postoperative adverse events defined as any finding deviating from the expected postoperative course requiring observation or intervention. RESULTS: A total of 310 pars plana vitrectomies were performed. There was no statistical difference in the rate of any adverse event when comparing cases starting after 16:01 (9/13, 69.2%) and after 12:01 (42/99, 42.4%) to a morning start time (69/198, 34.9%, adjusted p = 0.083). There was a statistically significant increase in the risk of postoperative vitreous hemorrhage with afternoon and evening cases as compared to morning cases (adjusted p = 0.021). In addition, there was no difference in any adverse event with a fellow present (93/244, 38.1%) compared to without (27/66, 40.9%, adjusted p = 0.163). There was a higher risk of postoperative hypotony when a fellow was involved (6.6% vs 0%, p = 0.028), though this difference disappeared after adjusting for confounders (adjusted p = 0.252). There was no difference in the length of surgery with and without a fellow (49 vs 54 min, respectively; p = 0.990). DISCUSSION: Afternoon start time and the presence of a fellow were not independent risk factors for postoperative adverse events.

Competencia Clínica , Becas , Tempo Operativo , Oftalmología/educación , Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Enfermedades de la Retina/cirugía , Vitrectomía/efectos adversos , Anciano , Educación de Postgrado en Medicina , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Agudeza Visual/fisiología
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eAO5043, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859786


OBJECTIVE: To analyze the technical-scientific production of research productivity fellows of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development, in Pediatrics, from 2013 to 2016. METHODS: First, data were obtained identifying fellowship researchers using the Lattes Platform, and subsequently calculating the indicators present in their Lattes curricula using scriptLattes software v8.10. RESULTS: In the period studied, 17 fellowship researchers were identified. They published a total of 524 articles in journals, most of them ranked as high and intermediate Qualis. In addition, fellowship researchers conducted 158 supervisions during the period, published 119 books or chapters and 465 papers in conference proceedings. CONCLUSION: The Brazilian scientific production in Pediatrics has shown to be significant and of good impact, both nationally and internationally. However, the distribution of research groups is concentrated in specific regions of Brazil.

Bibliometría , Becas/estadística & datos numéricos , Pediatría/estadística & datos numéricos , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Publicaciones/estadística & datos numéricos , Investigadores/estadística & datos numéricos , Investigación Biomédica/normas , Investigación Biomédica/estadística & datos numéricos , Brasil , Escolaridad , Becas/normas , Humanos , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/normas , Publicaciones/normas , Apoyo a la Investigación como Asunto/normas , Apoyo a la Investigación como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Tiempo
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(6): S255-S263, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1051624


La Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría otorga becas a pediatras jóvenes con el objetivo de perfeccionar el desempeño e incentivar la investigación.Objetivos. Describir las características de las becas otorgadas y evaluar la proporción de proyectos publicados y de becarios de perfeccionamiento que permanecieron en áreas relacionadas con su beca. Material y método. Estudio descriptivo. La Subcomisión de Becas y Premios elaboró una encuesta, que fue enviada por correo electrónico a los becarios en forma individual. Resultados. Se otorgaron 59 becas de investigación (1995-2015). Respondieron la encuesta 47 becarios. Alcanzaron la publicación 14 proyectos. Haber realizado la beca en un hospital pediátrico se asoció a publicación odds ratio 13,8 (1,6-118), p = 0,01. Se otorgaron 132 becas de perfeccionamiento (2005-2015). Respondieron la encuesta 84 becarios. El 85 % continuaba trabajando en la misma área de su beca.

The Argentine Society of Pediatrics awards grants to young pediatricians, aimed at improving performance and encouraging research. Purpose. To describe the details of grants awarded; to analyze the proportion of projects that were published and of grantees that remained in areas related to their grant.Material and method. Descriptive study, through a self-administered survey.Results. 59 research grants were awarded (1995-2015). The survey was answered by 47 grantees; 14 projects reached publication. Having completed the research at a Pediatric Hospital was associated with publication odds ratio 13,8 (1,6-118), p = 0,01; 132 educational improvement grants were awarded (2005-2015). The survey was answered by 84 grantees. The 85 % continue working in the same area of their grant

Humanos , Adulto , Becas , Informe de Investigación , Publicaciones , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
J Surg Orthop Adv ; 28(3): 175-179, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675293


The objective of this analysis was to compare the efficiency of scholarly activity withinmilitary orthopaedic training programs. The authors obtained the lists of abstracts accepted for presentation at the 2009 through 2014 Society of Military Orthopaedic Surgeons (SOMOS) annual meetings. Data were extracted for each individual presentation. Three primary groups were compared: a traditional program, a research program, and a hybrid program. The hybrid program produced the highest percentage of the presentations (28.6%). The traditional program contributed the most presentations (3.32) and publications (2.16) per resident and had the highest publication rate (87.7%) and the shortest time to publication (14.4 months). The research program published in the highest average impact journals (3.2). The addition of a research year does not improve the number of academic presentations or published papers but may improve the impact factor of the journals in which the projects are published. (Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances 28(3):175-179, 2019).

Internado y Residencia , Ortopedia , Publicaciones , Becas , Humanos , Personal Militar , Ortopedia/educación