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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e252555, 2024. tab, ilus
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364519

RESUMEN

The study was designed to investigate the effect of Coconut Oil on the levels of some liver and hematological parameters in carbon tetrachloride intoxicated rabbits. Also the antioxidant capacity of Coconut Oil for various concentrations was assessed on the basis of percent scavenging of (DPPH) free radical. Experimental animals were divided into five groups, eight rabbits in each group. These were: group A (Normal control), group B (Toxic control), group C (Standard control), group D (Treated with Coconut Oil 50 mL/kg body weight after CCl4 intoxication), group E (Treated with Coconut Oil 200 mL/kg body weight after CCl4 intoxication). The effects observed were compared with a standard hepatoprotective drug silymarine (50 mL/kg body weight). The Coconut Oil (200 mL/kg body weight) significantly (P<0.05) reduced the elevated serum levels of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) when compared to a toxic control rabbits. The results of extract treated rabbits were similar to silymarine administered rabbits group. Treatment with Coconut Oil root and silymarine caused no significant changes in RBC, Platelets, (Hb), (MCH) concentration and (HCT) values. However, significant (P<0.05) increase was observed in the total WBC count. The present study suggested that Coconut Oil can be used as an herbal alternative (need further exploration i.e to detect its bioactive compound and its efficacy) for hepatoprotective activit.


O estudo foi desenhado para investigar o efeito do óleo de coco nos níveis de alguns parâmetros hepáticos e hematológicos em coelhos intoxicados com tetracloreto de carbono. Também a capacidade antioxidante do óleo de coco para várias concentrações foi avaliada com base na porcentagem de eliminação de radicais livres (DPPH). Os animais experimentais foram divididos em cinco grupos, oito coelhos em cada grupo. Estes foram: grupo A (controle normal), grupo B (controle tóxico), grupo C (controle padrão), grupo D (tratado com óleo de coco 50 mL/kg de peso corporal após intoxicação por CCl4), grupo E (tratado com óleo de coco 200 mL/kg de peso corporal após intoxicação por CCl4). Os efeitos observados foram comparados com um fármaco hepatoprotetor padrão silimarina (50 mL/kg de peso corporal). O óleo de coco (200 mL/kg de peso corporal) reduziu significativamente (P<0,05) os níveis séricos elevados de alanina transaminase (ALT), aspartato transaminase (AST) e fosfatase alcalina (ALP), quando comparado a um coelho controle tóxico. Os resultados dos coelhos tratados com extrato foram semelhantes aos do grupo de coelhos administrados com silimarina. O tratamento com raiz de óleo de coco e silimarina não causou alterações significativas nos valores de RBC, Plaquetas, (Hb), (MCH) e (HCT). No entanto, observou-se aumento significativo (P<0,05) na contagem total de leucócitos. O presente estudo sugeriu que o óleo de coco pode ser usado como uma alternativa fitoterápica (precisa de mais exploração, ou seja, para detectar seu composto bioativo e sua eficácia) para atividade hepatoprotetora.


Asunto(s)
Conejos , Tetracloruro de Carbono , Aceite de Palma , Biomarcadores/sangre , Hígado
2.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376097

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neurodegeneration and astrocytic activation are pathologic hallmarks of progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) and can be quantified by serum neurofilament light chain (sNfL) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (sGFAP). We investigated sNfL and sGFAP as tools for stratifying patients with progressive MS based on progression and disease activity status. METHODS: We leveraged our Comprehensive Longitudinal Investigation of MS at the Brigham and Women's Hospital (CLIMB) natural history study, which includes clinical, MRI data and serum samples collected over more than 20 years. We included patients with MS with a confirmed Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score ≥3 that corresponds with our classifier for patients at high risk of underlying progressive pathology. We analyzed sNfL and sGFAP within 6 months from the confirmed EDSS score ≥3 corresponding with our baseline visit. Patients who further developed 6-month confirmed disability progression (6mCDP) were classified as progressors. We further stratified our patients into active/nonactive based on new brain/spinal cord lesions or relapses in the 2 years before baseline or during follow-up. Statistical analysis on log-transformed sGFAP/sNfL assessed the baseline association with demographic, clinical, and MRI features and associations with future disability. RESULTS: We included 257 patients with MS who had an average EDSS score of 4.0 and a median follow-up after baseline of 7.6 years. sNfL was higher in patients with disease activity in the 2 years before baseline (adjusted ß = 1.21; 95% CI 1.04-1.42; p = 0.016), during the first 2 years of follow-up (adjusted ß = 1.17; 95% CI = 1.01-1.36; p = 0.042). sGFAP was not increased in the presence of disease activity. Higher sGFAP levels, but not sNfL levels, were associated with higher risk of 6mCDP (adjusted hazard ratio [HR] = 1.71; 95% CI = 1.19-2.45; p = 0.004). The association was stronger in patients with low sNfL (adjusted HR = 2.44; 95% CI 1.32-4.52; p = 0.005) and patients who were nonactive in the 2 years prior or after the sample. DISCUSSION: Higher levels of sGFAP correlated with subsequent progression, particularly in nonactive patients, whereas sNfL reflected acute disease activity in patients with MS at high risk of underlying progressive pathology. Thus, sGFAP and sNfL levels may be used to stratify patients with progressive MS for clinical research studies and clinical trials and may inform clinical care.


Asunto(s)
Proteína Ácida Fibrilar de la Glía , Esclerosis Múltiple Crónica Progresiva , Proteínas de Neurofilamentos , Humanos , Biomarcadores/sangre , Proteína Ácida Fibrilar de la Glía/sangre , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Esclerosis Múltiple Crónica Progresiva/diagnóstico por imagen , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Proteínas de Neurofilamentos/sangre
4.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 20048, 2022 Nov 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36414650

RESUMEN

Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) can be asymptomatic or lead to a wide symptom spectrum, including multi-organ damage and death. Here, we explored the potential of microRNAs in delineating patient condition and predicting clinical outcome. Plasma microRNA profiling of hospitalized COVID-19 patients showed that miR-144-3p was dynamically regulated in response to COVID-19. Thus, we further investigated the biomarker potential of miR-144-3p measured at admission in 179 COVID-19 patients and 29 healthy controls recruited in three centers. In hospitalized patients, circulating miR-144-3p levels discriminated between non-critical and critical illness (AUCmiR-144-3p = 0.71; p = 0.0006), acting also as mortality predictor (AUCmiR-144-3p = 0.67; p = 0.004). In non-hospitalized patients, plasma miR-144-3p levels discriminated mild from moderate disease (AUCmiR-144-3p = 0.67; p = 0.03). Uncontrolled release of pro-inflammatory cytokines can lead to clinical deterioration. Thus, we explored the added value of a miR-144/cytokine combined analysis in the assessment of hospitalized COVID-19 patients. A miR-144-3p/Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) combined score discriminated between non-critical and critical hospitalized patients (AUCmiR-144-3p/EGF = 0.81; p < 0.0001); moreover, a miR-144-3p/Interleukin-10 (IL-10) score discriminated survivors from nonsurvivors (AUCmiR-144-3p/IL-10 = 0.83; p < 0.0001). In conclusion, circulating miR-144-3p, possibly in combination with IL-10 or EGF, emerges as a noninvasive tool for early risk-based stratification and mortality prediction in COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , MicroARNs , Humanos , Biomarcadores/sangre , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/mortalidad , Factor de Crecimiento Epidérmico , Interleucina-10 , MicroARNs/sangre
6.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 75(11): 867-876, nov. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-211708

RESUMEN

Introducción y objetivos El fenotipado avanzado de lipoproteínas es mejor predictor del riesgo aterosclerótico que el colesterol. El perfil de lipoproteínas en la insuficiencia cardiaca (IC) no está completamente caracterizado. Nuestro objetivo fue describir el perfil de lipoproteínas en IC crónica en comparación con una población de control emparejada. Métodos Estudio transversal entre mayo 2006 y abril 2014, que incluyó pacientes ambulatorios con IC crónica. Las concentraciones de lípidos y el tamaño de las principales fracciones de lipoproteínas (lipoproteínas de alta densidad [HDL], lipoproteínas de baja densidad [LDL] y lipoproteínas de muy alta densidad) y concentración de sus subfracciones (grandes, medianas y pequeñas) se evaluaron mediante espectroscopia de resonancia magnética. Resultados 429 pacientes con IC crónica se compararon con 428 controles. Los pacientes con IC crónica presentaron menor colesterol total y menor concentración de partículas de LDL (1.115 frente a 1.352 nmol/L; p <0,001) y HDL (25,7 frente a 27,9μmol/L; p <0,001), esta última mediada principalmente por la reducción de la subfracción pequeña de HDL (15,2 frente a 18,6μmol/L; p <0,001). El tamaño medio de las partículas lipoproteínas de muy alta densidad, LDL y HDL fue significativamente mayor en los pacientes con IC. Todas las diferencias relacionadas con la partícula HDL persistieron después del ajuste por clase funcional o índice de masa corporal. Encontramos fuertes correlaciones negativas entre biomarcadores cardiacos (fracción aminoterminal del propéptido natriurético cerebral y interleucina-1 tipo de receptor 1) con concentraciones de LDL y HDL, sus subfracciones pequeñas y el tamaño de la partícula HDL. Conclusione Los pacientes con IC crónica difieren significativamente en su perfil de lipoproteínas en comparación con controles emparejados. Se necesitan más investigaciones para comprender mejor la relevancia patogénica de esta diferencia (AU)


Introduction and objectives Advanced lipoprotein phenotyping is a better predictor of atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk than cholesterol concentration alone. Lipoprotein profiling in heart failure (HF) is incompletely characterized. We aimed to describe the lipoprotein profile in patients with chronic HF compared with a matched control population. Methods This cross-sectional study was performed from May 2006 to April 2014 and included ambulatory patients with chronic HF. Lipid concentrations and the size of main lipoprotein fractions (high-density lipoprotein [HDL], low-density lipoprotein [LDL], and very low-density lipoprotein) and the particle concentration of their 3 subfractions (large, medium and small) were assessed using 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Results The 429 included patients with chronic HF were compared with 428 matched controls. Patients with chronic HF had lower total cholesterol and lower mean LDL (1115 vs 1352 nmol/L; P<.001) and HDL (25.7 vs 27.9μmol/L; P <.001) particle concentrations, with this last difference being mediated by a significantly lower concentration of the small subfraction of HDL (15.2 vs 18.6μmol/L; P <.001). Mean very low-density lipoprotein, LDL, and HDL particle size was significantly higher in patients with HF vs controls. All HDL-related differences from controls persisted after adjustment for New York Heart Association functional class or body mass index. We found strong negative correlations of known cardiac biomarkers (N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide and interleukin-1 receptor-like 1) with total and small LDL and HDL fractions and HDL particle size. Conclusions Patients with chronic HF significantly differ in their lipoprotein profile compared with unaffected controls. Further research is needed to better understand the pathogenic relevance of this difference (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Lipoproteína(a)/sangre , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/sangre , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagen , Espectroscopía de Resonancia Magnética , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Estudios Transversales , Biomarcadores/sangre , Enfermedad Crónica
7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(19)2022 Sep 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36232755

RESUMEN

Compelling evidence supports the health benefits of physical exercise on the immune system, possibly through the molecules secreted by the skeletal muscles known as myokines. Herein, we assessed the impact of exercise interventions on plasma Heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) levels in 27 patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) compared with 23 IIM patients treated with standard-of-care immunosuppressive therapy only, and in 18 healthy subjects undergoing strenuous eccentric exercise, and their associations with the traditional serum markers of muscle damage and inflammation. In contrast to IIM patients treated with pharmacotherapy only, in whom we demonstrated a significant decrease in Hsp90 over 24 weeks, the 24-week exercise program resulted in a stabilization of Hsp90 levels. These changes in Hsp90 levels were associated with changes in several inflammatory cytokines/chemokines involved in the pathogenesis of IIM or muscle regeneration in general. Strenuous eccentric exercise in healthy volunteers induced a brief increase in Hsp90 levels with a subsequent return to baseline levels at 14 days after the exercise, with less pronounced correlations to systemic inflammation. In this study, we identified Hsp90 as a potential myokine and mediator for exercise-induced immune response and as a potential biomarker predicting improvement after physiotherapy in muscle endurance in IIM.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Ejercicio , Proteínas HSP90 de Choque Térmico , Inflamación , Músculo Esquelético , Miositis , Biomarcadores/sangre , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Quimiocinas/sangre , Quimiocinas/metabolismo , Citocinas/sangre , Citocinas/metabolismo , Proteínas HSP90 de Choque Térmico/sangre , Proteínas HSP90 de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Voluntarios Sanos , Humanos , Inmunosupresores/uso terapéutico , Inflamación/sangre , Inflamación/tratamiento farmacológico , Inflamación/metabolismo , Inflamación/terapia , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Miositis/sangre , Miositis/tratamiento farmacológico , Miositis/metabolismo , Miositis/terapia
9.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 1019667, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36299462

RESUMEN

Background: The inflammatory response plays a critical role in postoperative nosocomial infections, which are the most common postoperative complications causing adverse events and poor postoperative outcomes. This study aimed to explore the ability of early inflammation-related factor levels to predict the occurrence of nosocomial infections after abdominal surgery. Methods: The study included 146 patients with open abdominal surgery (a nosocomial infection group (NI group, n=42) and a no-nosocomial infection group (NNI group, n=104)). After 1:1 matching, the patients were divided into a matching nosocomial infection group (M-NI group, n=25) and a matching no-nosocomial infection group (M-NNI group, n=25). Serum levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12, IL-18, macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), and monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP-1) were tested at three time points (pre-operation, 0-hour post-operation (POD1) and 24-hour post-operation (POD2)). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC-ROC) was used to test the predictive abilities. Results: There were significant differences in the levels of IL-6, IL-12, and IL-18 between the M-NI and M-NNI groups (p < 0.05), but not in the levels of other inflammatory factors. MIF, IL-8, and MCP-1 levels were higher in the M-NI group than in the M-NNI group at POD2 (p < 0.05). In the ROC analysis, the AUC for prediction of nosocomial infection using a combination of IL-6 and IL-18 at POD1 was 0.9616, while the AUCs for IL-6 alone and IL-12 alone were 0.8584 and 0.8256, respectively. Conclusions: The combination of the levels of inflammatory factors, IL-6 and IL-18, at the 0-hour postoperative time point, significantly improved the predictive ability to the development of postoperative infection during perioperative period. Our study suggests the importance of monitoring postoperative inflammatory markers.


Asunto(s)
Infección Hospitalaria , Interleucina-18 , Interleucina-6 , Proteínas Quimioatrayentes de Monocitos , Humanos , Interleucina-10 , Interleucina-12 , Interleucina-18/sangre , Interleucina-18/inmunología , Interleucina-6/sangre , Interleucina-6/inmunología , Interleucina-8 , Factores Inhibidores de la Migración de Macrófagos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/diagnóstico , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/inmunología , Biomarcadores/sangre , Abdomen/cirugía , Infección Hospitalaria/sangre , Infección Hospitalaria/inmunología
10.
Mol Med ; 28(1): 122, 2022 10 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36217108

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Long-COVID is characterized by prolonged, diffuse symptoms months after acute COVID-19. Accurate diagnosis and targeted therapies for Long-COVID are lacking. We investigated vascular transformation biomarkers in Long-COVID patients. METHODS: A case-control study utilizing Long-COVID patients, one to six months (median 98.5 days) post-infection, with multiplex immunoassay measurement of sixteen blood biomarkers of vascular transformation, including ANG-1, P-SEL, MMP-1, VE-Cad, Syn-1, Endoglin, PECAM-1, VEGF-A, ICAM-1, VLA-4, E-SEL, thrombomodulin, VEGF-R2, VEGF-R3, VCAM-1 and VEGF-D. RESULTS: Fourteen vasculature transformation blood biomarkers were significantly elevated in Long-COVID outpatients, versus acutely ill COVID-19 inpatients and healthy controls subjects (P < 0.05). A unique two biomarker profile consisting of ANG-1/P-SEL was developed with machine learning, providing a classification accuracy for Long-COVID status of 96%. Individually, ANG-1 and P-SEL had excellent sensitivity and specificity for Long-COVID status (AUC = 1.00, P < 0.0001; validated in a secondary cohort). Specific to Long-COVID, ANG-1 levels were associated with female sex and a lack of disease interventions at follow-up (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Long-COVID patients suffer prolonged, diffuse symptoms and poorer health. Vascular transformation blood biomarkers were significantly elevated in Long-COVID, with angiogenesis markers (ANG-1/P-SEL) providing classification accuracy of 96%. Vascular transformation blood biomarkers hold potential for diagnostics, and modulators of angiogenesis may have therapeutic efficacy.


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores , COVID-19 , Biomarcadores/sangre , COVID-19/complicaciones , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Endoglina , Femenino , Humanos , Integrina alfa4beta1 , Molécula 1 de Adhesión Intercelular , Metaloproteinasa 1 de la Matriz , Neovascularización Patológica , Molécula-1 de Adhesión Celular Endotelial de Plaqueta , Trombomodulina , Molécula 1 de Adhesión Celular Vascular , Factor A de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular , Factor D de Crecimiento Endotelial Vascular
11.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 25(9): 1418-1423, 2022 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36149199

RESUMEN

Background: In coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARSCoV2 viruses, coagulation abnormalities are strongly correlated between disease severity and mortality risk. Aims: The aim was to search for new indices to determine mortality risk. Fibrinogen times D-dimer to albumin times platelet ratio calculated with the formula (FDAPR index: ((Fibrinogen × D-dimer)/(Albumin × Platelet)) investigated as a mortality marker in COVID-19 patients. The hospitalization data of 1124 patients were analyzed from the electronic archive system. Hemogram, coagulation, and inflammatory markers were investigated in the study group. Materials and Methods: All statistical analyses like the student t-test, Mann-Whitney U, Kaplan-Meier, and Cox hazard ratio, were performed with the SPSS 22.0 program. Results: Prothrombin time was prolonged significantly in patients (P < 0.05) compared to healthy subjects (n = 30). D-dimer and fibrinogen were high, and albumin and platelet counts were low in COVID-19 patients (all, P < 0.001). When the data of 224 non-survivors and 900 survived patients were compared, D-dimer and fibrinogen were higher, and albumin and platelet lower (all, P < 0.001) compared to mild and severe patients. At the cut-off value of 0.49, the FDAPR index was performed with 89.1% sensitivity and 88.6% specificity. FDAPR index had the highest mortality predictive power (P < 0.01; HR = 5.366; 95% CI; 1.729-16.654). Conclusions: This study revealed that the FDAPR index could be used as a mortality marker of COVID-19 disease.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Albúminas , Biomarcadores/sangre , COVID-19/sangre , COVID-19/mortalidad , Productos de Degradación de Fibrina-Fibrinógeno , Fibrinógeno , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
12.
J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry ; 93(12): 1343-1348, 2022 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36137741

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: To assess whether SARS-CoV-2 infection may affect the central nervous system, specifically neurons and glia cells, even without clinical neurological involvement. METHODS: In this single centre prospective study, serum levels of neurofilament light chain (sNfL) and glial fibrillar acidic protein (sGFAp) were assessed using SimoaTM assay Neurology 2-Plex B Assay Kit, in 148 hospitalised patients with COVID-19 without clinical neurological manifestations and compared them to 53 patients with interstitial pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and 108 healthy controls (HCs). RESULTS: Age and sex-corrected sNfL levels were higher in patients with COVID-19 (median log10-sNfL 1.41; IQR 1.04-1.83) than patients with IPF (median log10-sNfL 1.18; IQR 0.98-1.38; p<0.001) and HCs (median log10-sNfL 0.89; IQR 0.72-1.14; p<0.001). Likewise, age and sex-corrected sGFAP levels were higher in patients with COVID-19 (median log10-sGFAP 2.26; IQR 2.02-2.53) in comparison with patients with IPF (median log10-sGFAP 2.15; IQR 1.94-2.30; p<0.001) and HCs (median log10-sGFAP 1.87; IQR 0.64-2.09; p<0.001). No significant difference was found between patients with HCs and IPF (p=0.388 for sNfL and p=0.251 for sGFAp). In patients with COVID-19, a prognostic model with mortality as dependent variable (26/148 patients died during hospitalisation) and sNfl, sGFAp and age as independent variables, showed an area under curve of 0.72 (95% CI 0.59 to 0.84; negative predictive value (NPV) (%):80,positive predictive value (PPV)(%): 84; p=0.0008). CONCLUSION: The results of our study suggest that neuronal and glial degeneration can occur in patients with COVID-19 regardless of overt clinical neurological manifestations. With age, levels of sNfl and GFAp can predict in-hospital COVID-19-associated mortality and might be useful to assess COVID-19 patient prognostic profile.


Asunto(s)
Encéfalo , COVID-19 , Neuroglía , Neuronas , Humanos , Biomarcadores/sangre , Encéfalo/patología , Encéfalo/virología , COVID-19/mortalidad , COVID-19/patología , Proteínas de Neurofilamentos/sangre , Neuroglía/patología , Neuroglía/virología , Neuronas/patología , Neuronas/virología , Estudios Prospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Masculino , Femenino , Pronóstico
13.
Allergol. immunopatol ; 50(5): 162-168, sept. 2022. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-208635

RESUMEN

Background Cow’s milk protein allergy (CMPA) is an abnormal immune response caused by milk proteins and is most common in infancy and early childhood. Statistics revealed up to 7.5% of children suffered from milk allergy. Its clinical symptoms were characterized by diversity, non-specificity, and can affect multiple systems, including the digestive tract, skin, and respiratory tract. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of IL-12, IL-16, and IL-17A on diagnosing and monitoring CMPA in children for clinical treatment.Methods A total of 158 infants with CMPA and 89 healthy babies were recruited and evaluated. Demographic and clinical information of all participants were recorded. An extensive analysis of inflammatory cytokine levels, including IL-12, IL-16, and IL-17A, was performed in blood samples from 247 infants younger than 9 months. Meanwhile, the serological specificity immunoglobulin E (sIgE) levels were evaluated. In addition, the area under the curve (AUC) values of IL-12, IL-16, and IL-17A in differentiating CMP from healthy babies were measured by receiver operating characteristic analysis. Finally, the correlation between sIgE and IL-12, IL-16, and IL-17A levels were detected using Spearman correlation analysis.Results Compared with healthy control, infants who developed CMPA had decreased IL-12, increased IL-16, and IL-17A. Moreover, a significant correlation between serum IL-12, IL-16, IL-17A and sIgE levels was observed in the CMPA group. In addition, AUC values of IL-12, IL-16, and IL-17A in discriminating CMPA from healthy infants were 0.8425, 0.9196, and 0.8813, respectively. Finally, IL-12 was increased while IL-16 and IL-17A levels were decreased in the CMPA group after three months of milk avoidance treatment.Conclusions We found that IL-12, IL-16, and IL-17A levels in children with CMPA were associated with SCORAD scores, sIgE levels (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Lactante , Hipersensibilidad a la Leche/diagnóstico , Sustitutos de la Leche Humana , Interleucina-12/sangre , Interleucina-16/sangre , Interleucina-17/sangre , Biomarcadores/sangre
14.
Front Immunol ; 13: 946522, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36091057

RESUMEN

Numerous publications have underlined the link between complement C5a and the clinical course of COVID-19. We previously reported that levels of C5a remain high in the group of severely ill patients up to 90 days after hospital discharge. We have now evaluated which complement pathway fuels the elevated levels of C5a during hospitalization and follow-up. The alternative pathway (AP) activation marker C3bBbP and the soluble fraction of C4d, a footprint of the classical/lectin (CP/LP) pathway, were assessed by immunoenzymatic assay in a total of 188 serial samples from 49 patients infected with SARS-CoV-2. Unlike C5a, neither C3bBbP nor C4d readouts rose proportionally to the severity of the disease. Detailed correlation analyses in hospitalization and follow-up samples collected from patients of different disease severity showed significant positive correlations of AP and CP/LP markers with C5a in certain groups, except for the follow-up samples of the patients who suffered from highly severe COVID-19 and presented the highest C5a readouts. In conclusion, there is not a clear link between persistently high levels of C5a after hospital discharge and markers of upstream complement activation, suggesting the existence of a non-canonical source of C5a in patients with a severe course of COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Activación de Complemento , Complemento C3b , Complemento C4b , Complemento C5a , Factor B del Complemento , Fragmentos de Péptidos , Biomarcadores/sangre , COVID-19/sangre , COVID-19/inmunología , Activación de Complemento/inmunología , Complemento C3b/inmunología , Complemento C4b/inmunología , Complemento C5a/análisis , Complemento C5a/inmunología , Factor B del Complemento/inmunología , Proteínas del Sistema Complemento/inmunología , Humanos , Fragmentos de Péptidos/inmunología , SARS-CoV-2
15.
Allergy Asthma Proc ; 43(5): 461-467, 2022 Sep 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36065100

RESUMEN

Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) may develop by 6 months of age, and its severity assessment is essential for appropriate treatments. Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) is suggested to evaluate the severity of AD but is cumbersome for routine clinical use. The serum thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC) is used as a marker of AD severity. However, the normal range of the TARC levels varies by age, and its usefulness for the evaluation of AD severity has not been established in patients ages < 6 months. Here, we evaluated the correlation between serum TARC levels and SCORAD scores in early infancy and sought the optimal cutoff level to indicate AD severity. Methods: The subjects were 35 patients with AD (16 girls and 19 boys; 3-5 months of age) who visited our clinic between April 2015 and March 2017. All the patients were physically examined by a board-certified allergist. The AD severity was determined by using the SCORAD, together with serum levels of TARC, total immunoglobulin E (IgE), lactate dehydrogenase, and peripheral eosinophil counts. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed to determine the cutoff levels of serum TARC to indicate AD severity. Results: Significant correlations were observed between SCORAD scores and the serum TARC levels, peripheral eosinophil counts, and serum IgE levels (r = 0.640, r = 0.723, r = 0.533, respectively). The optimal cutoff levels of serum TARC to indicate mild and severe AD were <3523 pg/mL (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.856) and >6192 pg/mL (AUC = 0.833), respectively. Conclusion: Although this study had limitations, we suggest that serum TARC is useful as a marker of AD severity in patients <6 months of age.


Asunto(s)
Quimiocina CCL17 , Dermatitis Atópica , Biomarcadores/sangre , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Quimiocina CCL17/sangre , Dermatitis Atópica/sangre , Dermatitis Atópica/diagnóstico , Dermatitis Atópica/metabolismo , Femenino , Humanos , Inmunoglobulina E , Lactante , Recuento de Leucocitos , Masculino , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad
16.
N Engl J Med ; 387(12): 1099-1110, 2022 09 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36129998

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The intrathecally administered antisense oligonucleotide tofersen reduces synthesis of the superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) protein and is being studied in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) associated with mutations in SOD1 (SOD1 ALS). METHODS: In this phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned adults with SOD1 ALS in a 2:1 ratio to receive eight doses of tofersen (100 mg) or placebo over a period of 24 weeks. The primary end point was the change from baseline to week 28 in the total score on the ALS Functional Rating Scale-Revised (ALSFRS-R; range, 0 to 48, with higher scores indicating better function) among participants predicted to have faster-progressing disease. Secondary end points included changes in the total concentration of SOD1 protein in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), in the concentration of neurofilament light chains in plasma, in slow vital capacity, and in handheld dynamometry in 16 muscles. A combined analysis of the randomized component of the trial and its open-label extension at 52 weeks compared the results in participants who started tofersen at trial entry (early-start cohort) with those in participants who switched from placebo to the drug at week 28 (delayed-start cohort). RESULTS: A total of 72 participants received tofersen (39 predicted to have faster progression), and 36 received placebo (21 predicted to have faster progression). Tofersen led to greater reductions in concentrations of SOD1 in CSF and of neurofilament light chains in plasma than placebo. In the faster-progression subgroup (primary analysis), the change to week 28 in the ALSFRS-R score was -6.98 with tofersen and -8.14 with placebo (difference, 1.2 points; 95% confidence interval [CI], -3.2 to 5.5; P = 0.97). Results for secondary clinical end points did not differ significantly between the two groups. A total of 95 participants (88%) entered the open-label extension. At 52 weeks, the change in the ALSFRS-R score was -6.0 in the early-start cohort and -9.5 in the delayed-start cohort (difference, 3.5 points; 95% CI, 0.4 to 6.7); non-multiplicity-adjusted differences favoring early-start tofersen were seen for other end points. Lumbar puncture-related adverse events were common. Neurologic serious adverse events occurred in 7% of tofersen recipients. CONCLUSIONS: In persons with SOD1 ALS, tofersen reduced concentrations of SOD1 in CSF and of neurofilament light chains in plasma over 28 weeks but did not improve clinical end points and was associated with adverse events. The potential effects of earlier as compared with delayed initiation of tofersen are being further evaluated in the extension phase. (Funded by Biogen; VALOR and OLE ClinicalTrials.gov numbers, NCT02623699 and NCT03070119; EudraCT numbers, 2015-004098-33 and 2016-003225-41.).


Asunto(s)
Esclerosis Amiotrófica Lateral , Oligonucleótidos Antisentido , Superóxido Dismutasa-1 , Adulto , Esclerosis Amiotrófica Lateral/sangre , Esclerosis Amiotrófica Lateral/líquido cefalorraquídeo , Esclerosis Amiotrófica Lateral/tratamiento farmacológico , Esclerosis Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Biomarcadores/sangre , Biomarcadores/líquido cefalorraquídeo , Método Doble Ciego , Humanos , Inyecciones Espinales , Proteínas de Neurofilamentos/sangre , Oligonucleótidos Antisentido/administración & dosificación , Oligonucleótidos Antisentido/farmacología , Oligonucleótidos Antisentido/uso terapéutico , Recuperación de la Función/efectos de los fármacos , Superóxido Dismutasa-1/líquido cefalorraquídeo , Superóxido Dismutasa-1/genética
17.
J Mol Med (Berl) ; 100(9): 1307-1319, 2022 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915349

RESUMEN

No highly specific and sensitive biomarkers have been identified for early diagnosis of neural tube defects (NTDs). In this study, we used proteomics to identify novel proteins specific for NTDs. Our findings revealed three proteins showing differential expression during fetal development. In a rat model of NTDs, we used western blotting to quantify proteins in maternal serum exosomes on gestational days E18, E16, E14, and E12, in serum on E18 and E12, in neural tubes on E18 and E12, and in fetal neural exosomes on E18. The expression of coronin 1A and dynamin 2 was exosome-specific and associated with spina bifida aperta embryogenesis. Furthermore, coronin 1A and dynamin 2 were significantly downregulated in maternal serum exosomes (E12-E18), neural tubes, and fetal neural exosomes. Although downregulation was also observed in serum, the difference was not significant. Differentially expressed proteins were further analyzed in the serum exosomes of pregnant women during gestational weeks 12-40 using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The findings revealed that coronin 1A and dynamin 2 showed potential diagnostic efficacy during gestational weeks 12-40, particularly during early gestation (12-18 weeks). Therefore, these two targets are used as candidate NTD screening and diagnostic biomarkers during early gestation. KEY MESSAGES: We used proteomics to identify novel proteins specific for NTDs. CORO1A and DNM2 showed exosome-specific expression and were associated with SBA. CORO1A and DNM2 were downregulated in maternal serum exosomes and FNEs. CORO1A and DNM2 showed good diagnostic efficacy for NTDs during early gestation. These two targets may have applications as NTD screening and diagnostic biomarkers.


Asunto(s)
Dinamina II , Proteínas de Microfilamentos , Defectos del Tubo Neural , Animales , Biomarcadores/sangre , Dinamina II/sangre , Femenino , Feto , Humanos , Proteínas de Microfilamentos/sangre , Defectos del Tubo Neural/sangre , Defectos del Tubo Neural/diagnóstico , Embarazo , Ratas
19.
Rev. esp. cardiol. (Ed. impr.) ; 75(8): 649-658, ago. 2022. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-207891

RESUMEN

Introducción y objetivos La desregulación del metabolismo de los ácidos grasos en la mitocondria es un mecanismo involucrado en el desarrollo de insuficiencia cardiaca (IC) y fibrilación auricular (FA). Se evaluó la asociación entre la concentración plasmática de acilcarnitinas y la incidencia de IC o FA y si la dieta mediterránea (DietMed) puede atenuar la asociación entre las acilcarnitinas y el riesgo de IC o FA. Métodos Dos estudios de casos y controles anidados en el ensayo Prevención con dieta mediterránea (PREDIMED). Se incluyó a participantes con elevado riesgo cardiovascular en España: 326 casos incidentes de IC y 509 de FA se emparejaron individualmente con 1 a 3 controles. Las acilcarnitinas en plasma se midieron con espectrometría de masas en tándem con cromatografía líquida de alta resolución. Se ajustaron modelos de regresión logística condicional para estimar las OR multivariables y los IC95%. Se evaluaron interacciones multiplicativas y aditivas por el grupo de intervención, obesidad (índice de masa corporal ≥ 30) y diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Resultados Las altas concentraciones de acilcarnitinas de cadena mediana y larga se asociaron con un mayor riesgo de IC (respectivamente, ORporDE ajustada=1,28; IC95%, 1,09-1,51, y ORporDE ajustada=1,21; IC95%, 1,04-1,42). Se observó una asociación significativa entre las acilcarnitinas de cadena larga y el riesgo de FA: 1,20 (1,06-1,36). Se encontró una interacción aditiva entre las acilcarnitinas de cadena larga y la FA con la DietMed suplementada con aceite de oliva virgen extra (p de interacción=0,036) y con la obesidad (p=0,022) de forma inversa y directa respectivamente. Conclusiones En las personas con alto riesgo cardiovascular, las altas concentraciones de acilcarnitinas de cadena larga se asocian con mayor riesgo de IC y FA incidentes. Una intervención con DietMed+aceite de oliva virgen extra puede reducir el riesgo asociado con las acilcarnitinas de cadena larga (AU)


Introduction and objectives Fatty acid metabolic dysregulation in mitochondria is a common mechanism involved in the development of heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF). We evaluated the association between plasma acylcarnitine levels and the incidence of HF or AF, and whether the mediterranean diet (MedDiet) may attenuate the association between acylcarnitines and HF or AF risk. Methods Two case-control studies nested within the Prevención con dieta mediterránea (PREDIMED) trial. High cardiovascular risk participants were recruited in Spain: 326 incident HF and 509 AF cases individually matched to 1 to 3 controls. Plasma acylcarnitines were measured with high-throughput liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. Conditional logistic regression models were fitted to estimate multivariable OR and 95%CI. Additive and multiplicative interactions were assessed by intervention group, obesity (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2), and type 2 diabetes. Results Elevated levels of medium- and long-chain acylcarnitines were associated with increased HF risk (adjusted ORperDE, 1.28; 95%CI, 1.09-1.51 and adjusted ORperDE, 1.21; 95%CI, 1.04-1.42, respectively). A significant association was observed for AF risk with long-chain acylcarnitines: 1.20 (1.06-1.36). Additive interaction of the association between long-chain acylcarnitines and AF by the MediDiet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil (P for additive interaction=.036) and by obesity (P=.022) was observed in an inverse and direct manner, respectively. Conclusions Among individuals at high cardiovascular risk, elevated long-chain acylcarnitines were associated with a higher risk of incident HF and AF. An intervention with MedDiet+extra-virgin olive oil may reduce AF risk associated with long-chain acylcarnitines (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/prevención & control , Fibrilación Atrial/prevención & control , Carnitina/análogos & derivados , Dieta Mediterránea , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/etiología , Obesidad/complicaciones , Factores de Riesgo , Biomarcadores/sangre , Carnitina/sangre
20.
BMC Med Genomics ; 15(1): 186, 2022 08 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36031603

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Several predisposing factors for diabetes mellitus have been identified, including cluster determinant 36 (CD36) receptor expression. We aimed to determine the effects of CD36 gene polymorphisms and hypermethylation on the plasma CD36 protein levels in type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study involving 100 females (lean healthy control subjects and subjects with type 2 diabetes). This study was conducted at the Human Physiology Laboratory at the Dakar Faculty of Medicine in Senegal. Circulating sCD36 levels and DNA methyltransferase 3a levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The other biological parameters were evaluated in a biochemical laboratory. CD36 gene polymorphisms and methylation were explored by real-time polymerase chain reaction and methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction, respectively. RESULTS: sCD36 was negatively correlated with HDL-cholesterol levels (r = - 0.52 p = 0.0001) and triglyceride levels (r = - 0.36 p = 0.01) in control subjects. However, in the type 2 diabetes group, sCD36 levels were positively correlated with total cholesterol levels (r = 0.28 p = 0.04). For rs3211867, control subjects harboring the CC genotypes had significantly higher sCD36 levels than control subjects harboring the AA/AC genotype (p = 0.02); in the type 2 diabetes group, the sCD36 level was not significantly lower in subjects harboring the AA/AC genotype than in subjects harboring the CC genotype (p = 0.27). CD36 gene methylation reduced the sCD36 level in the control subjects compared to control subjects without CD36 gene methylation (p = 0.03). This difference was not significant in the type 2 diabetes group comparing subjects with diabetes with CD36 gene methylation to subjects with diabetes without CD36 gene methylation (p = 0.09). We noted a nonsignificant increase in sCD36 levels in subjects with diabetes with CD36 gene methylation compared to control subjects with CD36 gene methylation (p = 0.27). A combination of the CD36 polymorphism effect and the CD36 methylation effect did not significantly reduce sCD36 levels in subjects with type 2 diabetes. CONCLUSION: CD36 gene polymorphisms and CD36 gene methylation separately reduce sCD36 levels. Their impacts are compensated for in subjects with type 2 diabetes by an increase in sCD36 levels, the mechanism of which needs to be elucidated.


Asunto(s)
Antígenos CD36 , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Biomarcadores/sangre , Antígenos CD36/sangre , Antígenos CD36/genética , Colesterol , Estudios Transversales , Metilación de ADN , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Femenino , Humanos , Polimorfismo Genético , Senegal
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