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1.
BMC Pulm Med ; 24(1): 172, 2024 Apr 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600466

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is a pulmonary disease characterized by irreversible dilation of the bronchi and recurring respiratory infections. Few studies have described the microbiology and prevalence of infections in large patient populations outside of specialized tertiary care centers. METHODS: We used the Cerner HealthFacts Electronic Health Record database to characterize the nature, burden, and frequency of pulmonary infections among persons with bronchiectasis. Chronic infections were defined based on organism-specific guidelines. RESULTS: We identified 7,749 patients who met our incident bronchiectasis case definition. In this study population, the organisms with the highest rates of isolate prevalence were Pseudomonas aeruginosa with 937 (12%) individuals, Staphylococcus aureus with 502 (6%), Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) with 336 (4%), and Aspergillus sp. with 288 (4%). Among persons with at least one isolate of each respective pathogen, 219 (23%) met criteria for chronic P. aeruginosa colonization, 74 (15%) met criteria for S. aureus chronic colonization, 101 (30%) met criteria for MAC chronic infection, and 50 (17%) met criteria for Aspergillus sp. chronic infection. Of 5,795 persons with at least two years of observation, 1,860 (32%) had a bronchiectasis exacerbation and 3,462 (60%) were hospitalized within two years of bronchiectasis diagnoses. Among patients with chronic respiratory infections, the two-year occurrence of exacerbations was 53% and for hospitalizations was 82%. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with bronchiectasis experiencing chronic respiratory infections have high rates of hospitalization.


Asunto(s)
Bronquiectasia , Infecciones por Pseudomonas , Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Infección Persistente , Staphylococcus aureus , Registros Electrónicos de Salud , Bronquiectasia/epidemiología , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones , Infecciones por Pseudomonas/tratamiento farmacológico , Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio/complicaciones , Complejo Mycobacterium avium , Pseudomonas aeruginosa
2.
BMC Pulm Med ; 24(1): 144, 2024 Mar 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509541

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The causality of the relationship between bronchiectasis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains unclear. This study aims to investigate the potential causal relationship between them, with a specific focus on the role of airway inflammation, infections, smoking as the mediators in the development of COPD. METHODS: We conducted a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis to assess: (1) the causal impact of bronchiectasis on COPD, sex, smoking status, infections, eosinophil and neutrophil counts, as well as the causal impact of COPD on bronchiectasis; (2) the causal effect of smoking status, infections and neutrophil counts on COPD; and (3) the extent to which the smoking status, infections and neutrophil counts might mediate any influence of bronchiectasis on the development of COPD. RESULTS: COPD was associated with a higher risk of bronchiectasis (OR 1.28 [95% CI 1.05, 1.56]). Bronchiectasis was associated with a higher risk of COPD (OR 1.08 [95% CI 1.04, 1.13]), higher levels of neutrophil (OR 1.01 [95% CI 1.00, 1.01]), higher risk of respiratory infections (OR 1.04 [95% CI 1.02, 1.06]) and lower risk of smoking. The causal associations of higher neutrophil cells, respiratory infections and smoking with higher COPD risk remained after performing sensitivity analyses that considered different models of horizontal pleiotropy, with OR 1.17, 1.69 and 95.13, respectively. The bronchiectasis-COPD effect was 0.99, 0.85 and 122.79 with genetic adjustment for neutrophils, respiratory infections and smoking. CONCLUSION: COPD and bronchiectasis are mutually causal. And increased neutrophil cell count and respiratory infections appears to mediate much of the effect of bronchiectasis on COPD.


Asunto(s)
Bronquiectasia , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio , Humanos , Neutrófilos , Fumar/efectos adversos , Fumar/epidemiología , Análisis de la Aleatorización Mendeliana , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones , Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio/complicaciones , Estudio de Asociación del Genoma Completo
3.
Crit Rev Immunol ; 44(4): 41-49, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38505920

RESUMEN

Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infection is common in bronchiectasis, with rising incidence globally. However, investigation into NTM in bronchiectasis patients in China remains relatively limited. This work aimed to identify and understand the features of NTM in bronchiectasis patient in Fuzhou district of China. The pulmonary samples were collected from 281 bronchiectasis patients with suspected NTM infection in Fuzhou, 2018-2022. MPB64 antigen detection was employed for the preliminary evaluation of NTM. Further NTM identification was realized using gene chip and gene sequencing. Among 281 patients, 172 (61.21%) patients were NTM-positive (58.72%) according to MPB64 antigen detection, with females (58.72%) outnumbering males (41.28%) and the highest prevalence in the age group of 46-65 years. In total, 47 NTM single infections and 3 mixed infections (1 Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex-M. intracellulare, 1 M. avium-M. intracellulare, and 1 M. abscessus-M. intracellulare) were identified through multicolor melting curve analysis (MMCA), which was compared with gene sequencing results. Both methods suggested Mycobacterium (M.) intracellulare, M. abscessus, and M. avium as the primary NTM species affecting bronchiectasis patients. M. intracellulare and M. abscessus were more frequent in females than males with the highest prevalence in the age group of 46-65 years according to MMCA. This research provides novel insights into the epidemiological and clinical features of NTM in bronchiectasis patients in Southeastern China. Significantly, M. intracellulare, M. abscessus, and M. avium were identified as the major NTM species, contributing to a better understanding and management of bronchiectasis accompanied by NTM infection.


Asunto(s)
Bronquiectasia , Infecciones por Mycobacterium no Tuberculosas , Masculino , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Micobacterias no Tuberculosas/genética , Infecciones por Mycobacterium no Tuberculosas/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Mycobacterium no Tuberculosas/epidemiología , Infecciones por Mycobacterium no Tuberculosas/complicaciones , Bronquiectasia/diagnóstico , Bronquiectasia/epidemiología , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones , Complejo Mycobacterium avium/genética , Hospitales , China/epidemiología
4.
Lung ; 202(2): 189-195, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499811

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Although considered contributors to idiopathic bronchiectasis (IB), neither dysphagia nor silent aspiration have been systematically evaluated in IB patients. We aimed to explore the prevalence of asymptomatic dysphagia and silent aspiration in IB patients and to identify parameters predictive of their presence. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included IB patients from our Pulmonary Institute without prior history of dysphagia and without prior dysphagia workup. Swallowing function was assessed by the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10) questionnaire and by the Fiberoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing (FEES) test. RESULTS: Forty-seven patients (31 females, mean age 67 ± 16 years) were recruited. An EAT-10 score ≥ 3 (risk for swallowing problems) was present in 21 patients (44.6%). Forty-two patients (89.3%) had at least one abnormal swallowing parameter in the FEES test. Six patients (12.7%) had a penetration aspiration score (PAS) in the FEES of at least 6, indicating aspiration. An EAT-10 score of 3 was found to be the ideal cutoff to predict aspiration in the FEES, with a good level of accuracy (area under the curve = 0.78, 95% CI 0.629-0.932, p = 0.03) and sensitivity of 83%. This cutoff also showed a trend towards a more severe disease using the FACED (forced expiratory volume, age, colonization with pseudomonas, extension of lung involvement, dyspnea) score (p = 0.05). CONCLUSION: Dysphagia is prevalent in IB and may be undiagnosed if not specifically sought. We recommend screening all patients with IB for dysphagia by the EAT-10 questionnaire and referring all those with a score of ≥ 3 to formal swallowing assessment.


Asunto(s)
Bronquiectasia , Trastornos de Deglución , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Trastornos de Deglución/diagnóstico , Trastornos de Deglución/epidemiología , Trastornos de Deglución/etiología , Estudios Prospectivos , Deglución , Aspiración Respiratoria/diagnóstico , Aspiración Respiratoria/epidemiología , Aspiración Respiratoria/etiología , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones , Bronquiectasia/epidemiología
6.
BMC Pulm Med ; 24(1): 98, 2024 Feb 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38408986

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The concept of eosinophilic bronchiectasis has received clinical attention recently, but the association between blood eosinophil count (BEC) and hospital characteristics has rarely been reported yet. We aim to investigate the clinical impact of BEC on patients with acute bronchiectasis exacerbation. METHODS: A total of 1332 adult patients diagnosed with acute exacerbation of bronchiectasis from January 2012 to December 2020 were included in this retrospective study. A propensity-matched analysis was performed by matching age, sex and comorbidities in patients with high eosinophil count (≥ 300 cell/µL) and low eosinophil count (< 300 cell/µL). Clinical characteristics, length of hospital stay (LOS), hospitalization cost and inflammatory markers were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Eosinophilic bronchiectasis occurred in approximately 11.7% of all patients. 156 propensity score-matched pairs were identified with and without high eosinophil count. Eosinophilic bronchiectasis presented with a longer LOS [9.0 (6.0-12.5) vs. 5.0 (4.0-6.0) days, p < 0.0001] and more hospitalization cost [15,011(9,753-27,404) vs. 9,109(6,402-12,287) RMB, p < 0.0001] compared to those in non-eosinophilic bronchiectasis. The median white blood cell (WBC), lymphocyte, platelet (PLT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in eosinophilic bronchiectasis were significantly increased. Multivariate logistic regression analysis confirmed that the high levels of eosinophil count (OR = 13.95, p < 0.0001), worse FEV1% predicted (OR = 7.80, p = 0.0003) and PLT (OR = 1.01, p = 0.035) were independent prognostic factors for length of hospital (LOS) greater than 7 days. CONCLUSION: Eosinophilic bronchiectasis patients had longer length of hospital stay and more hospitalization cost compared to those in non-eosinophilic bronchiectasis group, which might be associated with the stronger inflammatory reaction.


Asunto(s)
Bronquiectasia , Eosinofilia , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Adulto , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/complicaciones , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Hospitalización , Recuento de Leucocitos , Eosinófilos , Bronquiectasia/epidemiología , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones , Eosinofilia/epidemiología , Eosinofilia/complicaciones , Hospitales
7.
Eur J Med Res ; 29(1): 120, 2024 Feb 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38350996

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is a chronic airway disease characterized by permanent and irreversible abnormal dilatation of bronchi. Several studies have reported the development of bronchiectasis after renal transplantation (RT), but no prospective study specifically assessed bronchiectasis in this population. This study aimed to compare features of patients with bronchiectasis associated with RT to those with idiopathic bronchiectasis. METHODS: Nineteen patients with bronchiectasis associated with RT (RT-B group) and 23 patients with idiopathic bronchiectasis (IB group) were prospectively included in this monocentric cross-sectional study. All patients underwent clinical, functional, laboratory, and CT scan assessments. Sputum was collected from 25 patients (n = 11 with RT-B and n = 14 with IB) and airway microbiota was analyzed using an extended microbiological culture. RESULTS: Dyspnea (≥ 2 on mMRC scale), number of exacerbations, pulmonary function tests, total bronchiectasis score, severity and prognosis scores (FACED and E-FACED), and quality of life scores (SGRQ and MOS SF-36) were similar in the RT-B and IB groups. By contrast, chronic cough was less frequent in the RT-B group than in the IB group (68% vs. 96%, p = 0.03). The prevalence and diversity of the airway microbiota in sputum were similar in the two groups. CONCLUSION: Clinical, functional, thoracic CT scan, and microbiological characteristics of bronchiectasis are overall similar in patients with IB and RT-B. These results highlight that in RT patients, chronic respiratory symptoms and/or airway infections should lead to consider the diagnosis of bronchiectasis. Further studies are required to better characterize the pathophysiology of RT-B including airway microbiota, its incidence, and impact on therapeutic management.


Asunto(s)
Bronquiectasia , Trasplante de Riñón , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , Trasplante de Riñón/efectos adversos , Calidad de Vida , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones
9.
Nutrients ; 16(3)2024 Jan 27.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38337661

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Malnutrition in lung transplantation (LT) candidates increases postoperative morbidity and mortality. Early diagnosis of malnutrition could attenuate adverse prognostic factors. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of nutritional risk and malnutrition using GLIM criteria in LT candidates and clinically characterize those with malnutrition. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study was conducted from 2000 to 2020 of LT candidates who underwent complete nutritional assessment (nutritional screening, anthropometry, bioelectrical impedance, blood laboratory tests and malnutrition diagnosis using GLIM criteria). RESULTS: Obstructive diseases (45.6%), interstitial diseases (36.6%) and cystic fibrosis/non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (15.4%) were the main conditions assessed for LT. Of the 1060 candidates evaluated, 10.6% were underweight according to BMI, 29% were at risk of malnutrition and 47% were diagnosed with malnutrition using GLIM criteria. Reduced muscle mass was the most frequent GLIM phenotypic criterion. Malnutrition was more prevalent in patients with cystic fibrosis/non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (84.5%) and obstructive (45.4%) and interstitial (31.3%) diseases. GLIM criteria detected some degree of malnutrition in all diseases requiring LT and identified patients with higher CRP levels and worse respiratory function, anthropometric measurements and visceral protein and lipid profiles. CONCLUSIONS: LT candidates present a high prevalence of malnutrition using the GLIM algorithm. GLIM criteria detected malnutrition in all diseases requiring LT and defined patients with worse clinical-analytical profiles.


Asunto(s)
Bronquiectasia , Fibrosis Quística , Trasplante de Pulmón , Desnutrición , Humanos , Fibrosis Quística/complicaciones , Fibrosis Quística/cirugía , Liderazgo , Estudios Longitudinales , Evaluación Nutricional , Estudios Prospectivos , Estado Nutricional , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones , Bronquiectasia/diagnóstico , Bronquiectasia/epidemiología , Desnutrición/diagnóstico , Desnutrición/epidemiología
10.
BMC Pulm Med ; 24(1): 20, 2024 Jan 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38191360

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Serum tumor markers (STM), extensively used for the diagnosis, monitoring and prognostic assessment of tumors, can be increased in some non-malignant lung diseases. To date, there is a paucity of studies regarding the clinical characteristics of non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis patients with positive STMs. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and indicators of bronchiectasis with positive STMs. METHODS: The clinical data of 377 bronchiectasis patients was retrospectively collected from January 2017 to December 2019 from Beijing Chaoyang Hospital. Patients were divided into the STM negative group, the single STM positive group and the ≥2 STMs positive group according to the number of the positive STMs. The clinical characteristics are described and compared separately. The multivariate logistic regression analysis model was used to investigate the indicators regarding positive STMs. RESULTS: Patients in the ≥2 STMs positive group were older (P = 0.015), had higher mMRC scores (P < 0.001) and developed higher fever (P = 0.027). Additionally, these patients also had lower Albumin/Globulin Ratio (A/G), albumin (ALB), prealbumin (PAB) (P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P < 0.001, respectively) and higher CRP, ESR and Fbg (P < 0.001, P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively). Age (OR 1.022, 95%CI 1.003-1.042; P = 0.026) and the number of affected lobes (OR 1.443, 95%CI 1.233-1.690; P < 0.001) were independently associated with one and ≥ 2 positive STMs in bronchiectasis patients. CONCLUSION: The ≥2 positive STMs are associated with a higher inflammation status and severer radiologic manifestations in bronchiectasis patients.


Asunto(s)
Bronquiectasia , Neoplasias , Humanos , Biomarcadores de Tumor , Estudios Retrospectivos , Albúminas , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones
11.
BMC Pulm Med ; 24(1): 7, 2024 Jan 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166950

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Bacterial colonization is an essential aspect of bronchiectasis. Although Haemophilus influenzae is a frequent colonizer in some regions, its clinical impacts are poorly understood. This study aimed to elucidate the impact of H. influenzae colonization in patients with bronchiectasis. METHODS: This retrospective study screened adult patients diagnosed with bronchiectasis at a tertiary referral center between April 1, 2003, and May 16, 2021, in South Korea. Propensity score matching was used to match patients with and without H. influenzae colonization. We assessed the severity of bronchiectasis as per the bronchiectasis severity index, the incidence of exacerbation, differences in lung function, and all-cause mortality. RESULTS: Out of the 4,453 patients with bronchiectasis, 79 (1.8%) were colonized by H. influenzae. After 1:2 propensity score matching, 78 and 154 patients were selected from the H. influenzae colonizer and non-colonizer groups, respectively. Although there were no significant differences between the groups regarding baseline demographics, patients colonized with H. influenzae had a higher bronchiectasis severity index (median 6 [interquartile range 4-8] vs. 4 [2-7], p = 0.002), associated with extensive radiographic involvement (52.2% vs. 37.2%, p = 0.045) and mild exacerbation without hospitalization (adjusted incidence rate ratio 0.15; 95% confidence interval 0.12-0.24). Lung function and mortality rates did not reveal significant differences, regardless of H. influenzae colonization. CONCLUSION: H. influenzae colonization in bronchiectasis was associated with more severe disease and greater incidence of mild exacerbation, but not lung function and mortality. Attention should be paid to patients with bronchiectasis with H. influenzae colonization.


Asunto(s)
Bronquiectasia , Haemophilus influenzae , Adulto , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones , República de Corea/epidemiología
12.
J Int Med Res ; 52(1): 3000605231214464, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38216150

RESUMEN

An increasing number of reports have described the pathogenic nature of several non-classical Bordetella spp. Among them, Bordetella hinzii and Bordetella pseudohinzii have been implicated in a myriad of respiratory-associated infections in humans and animals. We report the isolation of a genetically close relative of B. hinzii and B. pseudohinzii from the sputum of a woman in her early 60s with extensive bronchiectasis who presented with fever and brown colored sputum. The isolate had initially been identified as Bordetella avium by API 20NE, the identification system for non-enteric Gram-negative rod bacteria. Sequencing of the 16S rDNA, ompA, nrdA, and genes used in the Bordetella multilocus sequence typing scheme could not resolve the identity of this Bordetella isolate. Whole-genome single nucleotide polymorphism analysis positioned the isolate between B. hinzii and B. pseudohinzii in the phylogenetic tree, forming a distinct cluster. Whole-genome sequencing enabled the further identification of this rare organism, and should be considered for wider applications, especially the confirmation of organism identity in the clinical diagnostic microbiology laboratory.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Bordetella , Bordetella , Bronquiectasia , Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio , Humanos , Animales , Femenino , Infecciones por Bordetella/diagnóstico , Infecciones por Bordetella/microbiología , Filogenia , Bordetella/genética , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones , Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio/diagnóstico , Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio/microbiología
13.
Curr Opin Pulm Med ; 30(2): 156-166, 2024 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37902135

RESUMEN

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Post-tuberculosis lung disease (PTLD) is an increasingly recognized and debilitating consequence of pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB). In this review, we provide a comprehensive overview of PTLD with airflow obstruction (PTLD-AFO), focusing on its burden, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, diagnostic methods, and management strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: The relationship between PTLD and airflow obstruction is complex and multifactorial. Approximately 60% of the patients with PTLD have some spirometric abnormality. Obstruction is documented in 18-22% of PTLD patients. The host susceptibility and host response to mycobacterium drive the pathogenic mechanism of PTLD. A balance between inflammatory, anti-inflammatory, and fibrotic pathways decides whether an individual with PTB would have PTLD after microbiological cure. An obstructive abnormality in PTLD-AFO is primarily due to destruction of bronchial walls, aberrant healing, and reduction of mucosal glands. The most common finding on computed tomography (CT) of thorax in patients with PTLD-AFO is bronchiectasis and cavitation. Therefore, the 'Cole's vicious vortex' described in bronchiectasis applies to PTLD. A multidisciplinary approach is required for diagnosis and treatment. The disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) attributed to PTLD represent about 50% of the total estimated burden of DALYs due to tuberculosis (TB). Patients with PTLD require comprehensive care that includes psychosocial support, pulmonary rehabilitation, and vaccination against respiratory pathogens. In the absence of trials evaluating different treatments for PTLD-AFO, therapy is primarily symptomatic. SUMMARY: PTLD with airflow obstruction has considerable burden and causes a significant morbidity and mortality. However, many aspects of PTLD-AFO still need to be answered. Studies are required to evaluate different phenotypes, especially concerning Aspergillus -related complications. The treatment should be personalized based on the predominant phenotype of airflow obstruction. Extensive studies to understand the exact burden, pathogenesis, and treatment of PTBLD-AFO are needed.


Asunto(s)
Bronquiectasia , Enfermedades Pulmonares , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica , Tuberculosis Pulmonar , Humanos , Pulmón , Enfermedades Pulmonares/complicaciones , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones
14.
Respir Investig ; 62(1): 69-74, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37952288

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension is associated with increased mortality, and lung diseases are the second most common cause of pulmonary hypertension. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of echocardiography in low-middle income countries where right heart catheterization is difficult to perform. METHODS: This retrospective chart review study included adult patients hospitalized from June 2012 to May 2021, with a pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) of ≥35 mmHg on echocardiography. The control arm consisted of patients with similar lung diseases who did not have an elevated PASP. RESULTS: The study and control arm consisted of 128 patients each, with both groups having similar lung diseases. Obesity hypoventilation syndrome was the most common etiology of elevated PASP (28.1 %), followed by pulmonary embolism (20.3 %). The overall 1-year mortality of the study cohort, after diagnosis of elevated PASP, was 20.3 %. The control cohort with normal PASP had a 1-year mortality of 4.7 %. In the study cohort, patients with bronchiectasis had the highest cause-specific 1-year mortality (45.5 %). In the normal PASP cohort, the highest cause-specific 1-year mortality was observed in patients with interstitial lung disease (13.0 %). One-year hospital readmission was observed in 46.9 % and 33.6 % of patients in the study and control arms, respectively. On multivariate analysis, increased odds of 1-year mortality were observed in patients with elevated PASP, patients with 1-year hospital readmission, and in patients with interstitial lung disease or bronchiectasis. CONCLUSION: Elevated PASP on echocardiography may be a prognostic factor for mortality in patients with chronic lung diseases.


Asunto(s)
Bronquiectasia , Hipertensión Pulmonar , Enfermedades Pulmonares Intersticiales , Adulto , Humanos , Hipertensión Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagen , Hipertensión Pulmonar/etiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Presión Sanguínea , Arteria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagen , Ecocardiografía/efectos adversos , Enfermedades Pulmonares Intersticiales/etiología , Enfermedades Pulmonares Intersticiales/complicaciones , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones
15.
Ann Am Thorac Soc ; 21(3): 393-401, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37962906

RESUMEN

Rationale: The relationship between symptoms, measured using a validated disease-specific questionnaire, and longitudinal exacerbation risk has not been demonstrated in bronchiectasis. Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate whether baseline symptoms, assessed using the Quality-of-Life Bronchiectasis Respiratory Symptom Scale (QoL-B-RSS) and its individual component scores, could predict future exacerbation risk in patients with bronchiectasis. Methods: The study included 436 adults with bronchiectasis from three tertiary hospitals. Symptoms were measured using the QoL-B-RSS, with scores ranging from 0 to 100, where lower scores indicated more severe symptoms. We examined whether symptoms as continuous measures were associated with the risk of exacerbation over 12 months. The analysis was also repeated for individual components of the QoL-B-RSS score. Results: The baseline QoL-B-RSS score was associated with an increased risk of exacerbations (rate ratio, 1.25 for each 10-point decrease; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.15-1.35; P < 0.001), hospitalizations (rate ratio, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.05-1.43; P = 0.02), and reduced time to the first exacerbation (hazard ratio, 1.12; 95% CI, 1.03-1.21; P = 0.01) over 12 months, even after adjusting for relevant confounders, including exacerbation history. The QoL-B-RSS score was comparable to exacerbation history in its association with future frequent exacerbations (defined as three or more exacerbations per year) and hospitalization (area under the curve, 0.86 vs. 0.84; P = 0.46; and area under the curve, 0.81 vs. 0.83; P = 0.41, respectively). Moreover, patients with more severe symptoms in the majority of individual components of the QoL-B-RSS were more likely to experience exacerbations. Conclusions: Symptoms can serve as useful indicators for identifying patients at increased risk of exacerbation in bronchiectasis. Beyond relying solely on exacerbation history, a comprehensive assessment of symptoms could facilitate timely and cost-effective implementation of interventions for exacerbation prevention.


Asunto(s)
Bronquiectasia , Calidad de Vida , Adulto , Humanos , Estudios Prospectivos , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones , Hospitalización , Centros de Atención Terciaria
18.
BMJ Case Rep ; 16(11)2023 Nov 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37973540

RESUMEN

A woman in her 70s with a history of nodular bronchiectatic Mycobacterium avium complex pulmonary disease (MAC-PD) presented with an exacerbated productive cough and worsening findings on chest imaging. Although repeated sputum culture tests were negative for acid-fast bacilli and only revealed normal respiratory flora, a bronchoscopy identified Nocardia sp. Consequently, she was diagnosed with pulmonary nocardiosis and was successfully treated with levofloxacin. It is known that pulmonary nocardiosis can manifest in immunocompetent individuals with bronchiectasis. For cases of refractory nodular bronchiectatic MAC-PD, it is vital to consider bronchoscopy to identify potential co-infections, such as Nocardia.


Asunto(s)
Bronquiectasia , Enfermedades Pulmonares , Infección por Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare , Nocardiosis , Nocardia , Femenino , Humanos , Complejo Mycobacterium avium , Infección por Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare/complicaciones , Infección por Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare/diagnóstico , Infección por Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare/tratamiento farmacológico , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones , Bronquiectasia/diagnóstico por imagen , Bronquiectasia/tratamiento farmacológico , Enfermedades Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedades Pulmonares/tratamiento farmacológico , Nocardiosis/diagnóstico , Nocardiosis/diagnóstico por imagen
19.
BMC Pulm Med ; 23(1): 451, 2023 Nov 20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37986162

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to analyze the risk factors associated with bronchiectasis combined with non-tuberculous mycobacteria pulmonary disease(NTM-PD) and provide a basis for more effective prevention and treatment strategies. METHODS: The study subjects for this manuscript were patients with bronchiectasis who were admitted to the infection department between January 2021 and June 2023.There were 34 patients with NTM-PD in the observation group, and 52 patients with simple bronchiectasis in the control group. Basic information, imaging features, serum albumin levels, and infection indicators were collected from both groups of patients.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were performed to analyze the risk factors for NTM-PD in patients with bronchiectasis. RESULTS: Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that bronchiectasis exacerbation occurring at least twice a year(OR = 3.884, 95% CI: 1.200-12.568), involvement of three or more lung lobes with bronchiectasis (OR = 3.932, 95% CI: 1.208-12.800), hypoalbuminemia (OR = 3.221, 95% CI: 1.015-10.219), and the NLR index (OR = 1.595, 95% CI: 1.200-2.119) were significant risk factors for non-tuberculous mycobacteria pulmonary disease in individuals with bronchiectasis (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Patients with bronchiectasis accompanied by NTM-PD present specific risk factors that should be promptly addressed through prevention and treatment.


Asunto(s)
Bronquiectasia , Enfermedades Pulmonares , Infecciones por Mycobacterium no Tuberculosas , Humanos , Micobacterias no Tuberculosas , Infecciones por Mycobacterium no Tuberculosas/complicaciones , Infecciones por Mycobacterium no Tuberculosas/epidemiología , Infecciones por Mycobacterium no Tuberculosas/microbiología , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones , Bronquiectasia/epidemiología , Bronquiectasia/microbiología , Enfermedades Pulmonares/epidemiología , Enfermedades Pulmonares/complicaciones , Factores de Riesgo , Estudios Retrospectivos
20.
Respir Med ; 220: 107453, 2023 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37993025

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Wearing facemasks in public is effective in preventing viral transmission. However, no study has evaluated the impact of wearing facemasks during exercise on dyspnea in patients with chronic pulmonary infections from multifaceted aspects, including sensory qualities and emotional responses. The aim of this study was to evaluate facemask-related dyspnea during exercise in this patient population. METHODS: We conducted a randomized crossover study involving adult patients with non-tuberculous mycobacterial pulmonary disease (NTM-PD) or bronchiectasis who participated in exercise sessions, both with (mask-on) and without (mask-off) surgical facemasks. The sensory and emotional dimensions of dyspnea during each exercise session were assessed using the Multidimensional Dyspnea Profile. Statistical analyses were performed to identify factors associated with worsening scores for each dimension. RESULTS: Thirty-four patients (mean age [standard deviation]: 71.6 [8.6] years) were included in the analysis. The median [interquartile range] total scores for the sensory and emotional dimensions of dyspnea were 3.5 [1, 9.5] (mask-off) vs. 10 [5.5, 23.8] (mask-on) (P < 0.001) and 0 [0, 5] (mask-off) vs. 3 [0.8, 10.3] (mask-on) (P = 0.115), respectively. "Air hunger" was the primary sensory descriptor of mask-related dyspnea. Vital capacity (VC) < 80% of the predicted value was a significant risk factor for worsening sensory dimension scores when wearing masks (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]: 5.5 [1.16-26.1], P = 0.038). CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study indicate that patients with NTM-PD or bronchiectasis, particularly those with VC <80% of the predicted value, are likely to experience the sensory dimension of dyspnea during exercise while wearing surgical facemasks.


Asunto(s)
Bronquiectasia , Neumonía , Adulto , Humanos , Niño , Máscaras/efectos adversos , Estudios Cruzados , Disnea/etiología , Neumonía/complicaciones , Bronquiectasia/complicaciones
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