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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e246463, 2024. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355899

RESUMEN

Abstract Quilombola communities are present in many Brazilian states living in precarious health conditions. This is due to geographic isolation, limitations to the access of the area in which they live in, and the lack of quality in the service when it is needed to be provided. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the quality of life of women from a quilombola community in northeastern Brazil. It is an observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study. 160 adult women were first interviewed through a form to collect a profile and then it was applied the WHOQOL Quality of Life questionnaire - bref. It was observed that the women were on average 40.7 years old (±17.25), married, self-declared black, who did not finish elementary school, housewife, had no income, with their own masonry house, with up to 6 rooms, supplied by a box of community treated water. Quality of Life had median scores in the domains: physical (3.18), psychological (3.4), social relationships (3.45) and environment (2.59). With this research, it was possible to characterize the quilombola community of Santa Luzia do Norte-AL regarding the difficulties of access to health and income generation, issues that affect their health condition. The problems described in this study can contribute to health actions being planned and carried out in order to improve socioeconomic and health conditions in this community, considering the social, political and environmental context, valuing their traditional knowledge and practices.


Resumo As comunidades quilombolas, estão presentes em diversos estados brasileiros, vivendo em condições de saúde mais precárias. Isto ocorre por conta do isolamento geográfico, das limitações de acesso e da falta de qualidade no serviço quando este é prestado. Nesse sentido, o objetivo do estudo foi analisar a qualidade de vida de mulheres de uma comunidade quilombola do nordeste brasileiro. Estudo observacional, transversal e descritivo. Foram entrevistadas 160 mulheres adultas, através de um formulário para a coleta de perfil e do questionário de Qualidade de Vida WHOQOL - bref. Foi observado que as mulheres tinham em média 40,7 anos (±17,25), casadas, autodeclaradas negras, com fundamental incompleto, do lar, sem renda, com moradia de alvenaria, própria, com até 6 cômodos, abastecidas por caixa de água comunitária, tratada. A Qualidade de Vida, apresentou escores medianos nos domínios: físico (3,18), psicológico (3,4), relações sociais (3,45) e meio ambiente (2,59). Com a realização desta pesquisa foi possível caracterizar a comunidade quilombola de Santa Luzia do Norte-AL quanto as dificuldades de acesso a saúde e geração de renda, fatos que repercutem na sua condição de saúde. Os problemas descritos neste estudo podem contribuir para que ações de saúde sejam planejadas e efetivadas com o intuito de melhorar as condições socioeconômicas e de saúde nessa comunidade, considerando-se o contexto social, político e ambiental, valorizando seus saberes e práticas tradicionais.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Calidad de Vida , Brasil , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
2.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 8918966, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35340209

RESUMEN

Parkinson's disease (PD) is an age-related neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive deterioration of motor function and loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra. Although PD is more common in people over 60 years old, people with young-onset PD tend to increase recently. Up to now, there is no cure for PD; therapies mainly focus on reducing symptoms and improving patient quality of life. Thus, the requirement of exploring new medications is needed. There is a strong relationship between oxidative stress and PD. Therefore, antioxidant compounds have been considered as a novel therapy for PD. In this study, we indicated a new potential candidate for PD treatment, rumdul fruit (Sphaerocoryne affinis-a member of the Annonaceae family), due to evaluating its activities on the fly model of Parkinson. Our experimental results showed that rumdul fruit water extract (RFWE) has a strong antioxidant capacity with IC50 value in DPPH assay which was 85.62 ± 1.05 µg/mL. The use of RFWE at concentrations of 3, 6, and 12 mg/mL could strongly ameliorate the locomotor disabilities and dopaminergic neuron degeneration. Although the RFWE at high concentrations like 12 mg/mL and 18 mg/mL could induce some side effects on fly development and viability, our data strongly demonstrated that RFWE effectively rescued PD phenotypes on the fly model. Although component in the plant extract, as well as the molecular mechanism helping to recover the phenotype, has not been elucidated yet, the research contributed strong scientific evidence for further research on applying rumdul as a novel natural source for PD treatment.


Asunto(s)
Annonaceae , Enfermedad de Parkinson , Antioxidantes/farmacología , Antioxidantes/uso terapéutico , Neuronas Dopaminérgicas , Humanos , Enfermedad de Parkinson/tratamiento farmacológico , Calidad de Vida
3.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 308, 2022 Mar 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35361169

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Calcific tendinitis of the shoulder (CT) is a common disorder with a large disease burden. The initial treatment is with conservative measures. However, when this fails the next step treatment remains unclear. Minimal invasive treatment modalities have emerged. Needle aspiration of the calcific deposits (NACD) and extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) have both shown good clinical results. Nonetheless, in the current orthopedic literature there are not any studies available that compare both the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of those two treatment modalities. Therefore, our primary objective is to compare the effectiveness of NACD to ESWT. A secondary objective is to compare the cost-effectiveness of both treatment modalities and workability. METHODS: Following a power calculation using the minimal clinical important difference of our primary outcome (Constant-Murley score, CMS) 140 patients will be included in the study. Enrolment is based upon strict inclusion/ exclusion criteria outlined in the Methods section. Participants will be randomized by computer in two groups (e.g. 70 patients will receive NACD and 70 patients will receive ESWT). The NACD treatment will consist of a sonographically guided removal of the calcific deposits and the ESWT treatment will be a focused ESWT. Both treatments will be conducted according to a standardized protocol, as part of care as usual in our hospital. The primary outcome will be the between group differences in functional outcome (measured with the CMS) between baseline and after 12 months follow-up. Secondary outcomes will be questionnaires regarding the clinical outcome (SST) and quality of life (EQ-5D-5L). Furthermore, NRS pain and cost related questionnaires (iPCQ and ProDisQ) will be collected during follow-up after two months, six months and at final follow-up after 12 months. DISCUSSION: This study will provide more insight regarding treatment for conservative therapy resistant calcific tendinitis of the shoulder by comparing NACD to focused ESWT, which will aid the physician and patient in determining the appropriate treatment plan. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Dutch trial register: NTR7093 registered on 11 March 2018.


Asunto(s)
Calcinosis , Tratamiento con Ondas de Choque Extracorpóreas , Tendinopatía , Calcinosis/complicaciones , Calcinosis/diagnóstico por imagen , Calcinosis/terapia , Tratamiento Conservador , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Hombro , Tendinopatía/complicaciones , Tendinopatía/diagnóstico por imagen , Tendinopatía/terapia , Resultado del Tratamiento
4.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225686, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1366509

RESUMEN

Aim: Tooth loss is very prevalent in Brazil, reflecting high demand for dental services, especially those related to oral rehabilitation. This study aimed to assess the quality of life in total edentulous patients rehabilitated with implants and fixed prosthesis. Methods: Thirty-two patients were evaluated before and after rehabilitation with dental implants and fixed prosthesis using the OHIP-14 questionnaire and the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) after 6 months follow-up. Results:OHIP-14 revealed a significant improvement after treatment in all seven parameters and in the global score (P < 0.001). VAS presented positive results related to patient satisfaction regarding oral rehabilitation, except for the hygiene of the fixed dentures. Conclusion: At the end of this study, OHIP-14 scores decreased by 50% in most of the questions raised, and VAS presented positive results, except for hygiene of the fixed dentures, presenting an improvement in the quality of life of total edentulous patients after rehabilitation with implants and fixed prosthesis


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Calidad de Vida , Implantes Dentales , Boca Edéntula/rehabilitación , Satisfacción del Paciente , Dentadura Completa
5.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226709, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1392989

RESUMEN

Studying the different indicators of functional dentition classification can contribute to the understanding of the associated factors, and thus help in the definition of strategies associated with oral health care. This approach has been little explored in the literature, especially when considering the older age group. Aim:The aim of this study is to evaluate the factors associated with three distinct functional dentition classification. Methods: Cross-sectional exploratory study using secondary data from the Frailty in Older Brazilians (FIBRA) Project of 876 older adults living in Campinas, Brazil. The indicators of dental function assessed was number of natural teeth present, occluding pairs of teeth and the Eichner index, which were verified by trained dentists, following the World Health Organization criteria for epidemiological studies in oral health. The explanatory variable assessed was the self-perception of oral health-related quality of life measured by the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) and its dimensions. It was also collected sociodemographic information such as age, gender, race/ethnicity, schooling, family income, smoking behavior and frailty status. The association was verified through Poisson regressions for number of teeth and pairs of teeth in occlusion and multinomial regression for the Eichner index, adjusted by sociodemographic and health variables. Results: Lower prevalence of participants with less than 21 teeth who negatively perceived GOHAI ́s pain and discomfort dimension and higher prevalence of having less teeth among the ones that negatively perceived GOHAI ́s physical and functional dimensions. No association was found between the perception of quality of life and occlusion pairs of teeth and the Eichner Index. Conclusion: Two out of three indicators assessed were associated with quality of life. Therefore, it is important to select sensitive indicators to be able to identify and better comprehend this relationship


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Calidad de Vida , Salud Bucal , Dentición , Factores Sociodemográficos
6.
Rev. urug. enferm ; 17(2): 1-27, dic. 2022.
Artículo en Español | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1393325

RESUMEN

Objetivo: identificar las tendencias de investigación sobre el cáncer de pulmón durante los últimos cinco años, desde la perspectiva del cuidado de enfermería. Método: revisión bibliométrica y exploratoria realizada a partir de la base de datos de web of science. Se utilizaron los descriptores, lung neoplasm and nursing care con aplicación de filtros, obteniendo un total de 62 artículos publicados entre los años 2017-2021. El análisis bibliométrico fue realizado mediante bibliometrix con el total de los documentos obtenidos; para el análisis exploratorio se utilizaron 30 artículos que describen las principales tendencias temáticas identificadas en la estructura conceptual. Resultados: los indicadores bibliométricos muestran un promedio de publicación de 12 artículos por año, predominaron las publicaciones con enfoque cuantitativo (66,7 %) y de nivel de evidencia baja (56,7 %). El mayor número de artículos publicados por fuente y autor fue de 4. Los resultados exploratorios muestran cinco temáticas relevantes relacionadas con: el diagnóstico del cáncer de pulmón, síntomas, cuidado paliativo, calidad de vida y práctica avanzada de enfermería. Conclusión: se logra identificar publicaciones que enfatizan las temáticas mencionadas, con un nivel de evidencia bajo y con escasas intervenciones realizadas por parte de enfermería. Los estudios se enfocan en el control de síntomas y cuidados en el fin de vida.


Objective: identify trends in lung cancer research over the past five years from a nursing care perspective. Method: bibliometric and exploratory review based on the web of science database. The descriptors, lung neoplasm and nursing care were used with application of filters, obtaining a total of 62 articles published between the years 2017-2021. The bibliometric analysis was performed using bibliometrix with the total number of documents obtained; 30 articles describing the main thematic trends identified in the conceptual structure were used for the exploratory analysis. Results: bibliometric indicators show an average publication rate of 12 articles per year, with a predominance of publications with a quantitative approach (66.7 %) and a low level of evidence (56.7 %). The highest number of articles published per source and author was 4. The exploratory results show five relevant topics related to: lung cancer diagnosis, symptoms, palliative care, quality of life and advanced nursing practice. Conclusion: it is possible to identify publications that emphasize the aforementioned topics, with a low level of evidence and with few interventions carried out by nurses. The studies focus on symptom control and end-of-life care.


Objectivo: identificar tendências na investigação do cancro do pulmão ao longo dos últimos cinco anos, numa perspectiva de cuidados de enfermagem. Método: revisão bibliométrica e exploratória realizada utilizando a teia de dados científicos. Os descritores, neoplasma pulmonar e cuidados de enfermagem foram utilizados com a aplicação de filtros, obtendo um total de 62 artigos publicados entre 2017-2021. A análise bibliométrica foi realizada utilizando a bibliometria com o número total de documentos obtidos; 30 artigos descrevendo as principais tendências temáticas identificadas na estrutura conceptual foram utilizados para a análise exploratória. Resultados: os indicadores bibliométricos mostram uma taxa média de publicação de 12 artigos por ano, com uma predominância de publicações com uma abordagem quantitativa (66,7 %) e um baixo nível de evidência (56,7 %). O maior número de artigos publicados por fonte e autor foi de 4. Os resultados exploratórios mostram cinco tópicos relevantes relacionados com: diagnóstico do cancro do pulmão, sintomas, cuidados paliativos, qualidade de vida e prática avançada de enfermagem. Conclusão: conseguimos identificar publicações que enfatizam os tópicos acima mencionados, com um baixo nível de evidência e com poucas intervenções realizadas por enfermeiros. Os estudos centram-se no controlo dos sintomas e nos cuidados de fim de vida.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Bibliometría , Síntomas Cancerígenos , Cuidados Paliativos al Final de la Vida , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Atención de Enfermería
7.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226698, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1393366

RESUMEN

Aim: To evaluate the psychological impact of COVID-19 on undergraduate and graduate students of the Dental School of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo. Methods: Three questionnaires were used: sociodemographic, WHO Abbreviated Quality of Life Inventory, and General Anxiety Disorder-7. Data were analyzed using Graph Pad Prism 7a (α = 5%). Mann-Whitney or Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn post-tests were used for statistical comparisons. The Spearman test was used as the correlation test. Results: 257 students responded to the online form that assessed their quality of life and anxiety level. On a scale from 1 to 100, with 100 being the best quality of life, the average obtained was 64.71 (± 13.36). In addition, 87.6% of the students rated their quality of life as good or very good. 74.7% reported good or very good health. The anxiety analysis resulted in an average of 10.04 (± 4.5), indicating moderate anxiety levels. There was an inversely proportional correlation between age and degree of anxiety (p = 0.008, r = -0.1628) and self-perceived learning and student commitment (r = 0.69). Conclusion: Despite the good quality of life and the students' good self-perception of health, they showed a moderate degree of anxiety during the social distancing caused by COVID-19, also demonstrating a decrease in interest and commitment during distance education


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Trastornos de Ansiedad/diagnóstico , Estudiantes de Odontología , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Cuestionario de Salud del Paciente , Distanciamiento Físico , COVID-19 , Calidad de Vida , Autoimagen
8.
Psychooncology ; 31(1): 54-61, 2022 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498358

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To examine the impact of breast reconstruction on women's perceptions of body image over time and to assess the influence of sociodemographic variables on body image. METHODS: A prospective, longitudinal cohort study, using validated breast cancer-specific questionnaires, to compare patient-reported outcomes in women choosing immediate (n = 61), delayed (n = 16) or no (n = 23) breast reconstruction. RESULTS: One hundred women completed baseline questionnaires that included items on body image; 30 women completed all four annual follow-up sets, while 20 women completed baseline only. The three groups were well matched at baseline and similar trajectories in body image measures were identified over 48 months in all groups. At 12 months post-mastectomy, significant changes were seen in eight of the 10 subscales; this reduced to seven subscales at 24 months and four at 36 months. By 48 months, only three subscales remained significantly different to baseline scores: women remained less vulnerable and had fewer limitations (improved outcomes); the one worse outcome was persistently higher levels of arm concern. Three of the sociodemographic variables (health insurance, age and employment status) showed significant inter-group differences at some time points. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest women recover from the negative impact of mastectomy on body image within four years of surgery, whether they have immediate, delayed or no reconstruction. Our results provide some indirect evidence that having a choice of BR options is important, regardless of the choice made. Four years appears to be a suitable follow-up period for future studies in this area.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Mamoplastia , Imagen Corporal , Neoplasias de la Mama/cirugía , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Mamoplastia/métodos , Mastectomía , Medición de Resultados Informados por el Paciente , Estudios Prospectivos , Calidad de Vida
9.
Oncol Nurs Forum ; 49(5): 409-420, 2022 08 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067241

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of a symptom management mobile application on quality of life and symptom severity in women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy. SAMPLE & SETTING: This parallel randomized pilot study consisted of women with breast cancer admitted to oncology outpatient clinics between November 2019 and January 2021 in Turkey. METHODS & VARIABLES: Participants (N = 40) were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 20) or control group (n = 20). The intervention group used the mobile application in conjunction with usual care. The control group received usual care. Participants were assessed during the first, third, and last chemotherapy cycles. Data were collected using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality-of-Life Questionnaire-Core 30 and the Edmonton Symptom Assessment System. RESULTS: During the study, the decrease in general health and physical functioning and the increase in the severity of depression/sadness in the intervention group were statistically lower than in the control group. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: The use of a mobile application for symptom management may promote general well-being and physical function and may alleviate symptoms of depression/sadness in women with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy. Further studies are needed to evaluate the application in clinical settings with larger groups.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Aplicaciones Móviles , Adenosina Monofosfato/uso terapéutico , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , Femenino , Humanos , Proyectos Piloto , Calidad de Vida
10.
Oncol Nurs Forum ; 49(5): 421-431, 2022 08 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067242

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To examine colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors' symptom characteristics (occurrence, frequency, and severity) during acute cancer survivorship. PARTICIPANTS & SETTING: A cross-sectional study of 117 CRC survivors was conducted at a National Cancer Institute-designated cancer center in South Florida. METHODS & VARIABLES: Symptom characteristics were assessed by the Therapy-Related Symptom Checklist. Participants completed a 25-item demographic questionnaire. Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis H tests assessed between-group differences based on sex, age, education, and months since diagnosis. Exploratory factor analysis was performed to identify preliminary symptom clusters. RESULTS: 117 CRC survivors completed the study (age range = 21-88 years, 56% male, and 79% stage IV). Common symptoms included peripheral neuropathy, fatigue/feeling sluggish, and skin changes. Significance was found between months since diagnosis and number of symptoms (p = 0.03), suggesting that symptoms accumulate with time. Chemotherapy (85%) was the most common treatment type, and exploratory factor analysis identified two chemotherapy-related symptom clusters. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Nurses are poised to identify, prevent, and promote self-management skills to reduce symptoms.


Asunto(s)
Supervivientes de Cáncer , Neoplasias Colorrectales , Adenosina Monofosfato , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Neoplasias Colorrectales/terapia , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Calidad de Vida , Síndrome , Adulto Joven
11.
Oncol Nurs Forum ; 49(5): 445-453, 2022 08 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067244

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Hematologic malignancies (HMs) are life-threatening cancers that frequently entail aggressive, long, inpatient treatment protocols. This can result in numerous concurrent symptoms and decreased quality of life for patients and can affect family caregivers (FCs). This study examined the impact of an HM diagnosis on patients and on their FCs. SAMPLE & SETTING: A descriptive design was used to explore the experiences of 28 newly diagnosed patients and their FCs. All patients were receiving treatment on an inpatient acute oncology unit at a National Cancer Institute-designated cancer center. METHODS & VARIABLES: Semistructured, separate interviews with patients and FCs were recorded and transcribed verbatim. Textual and content analyses were conducted to generate common themes. RESULTS: Patients and FCs reported how diagnosis and treatment affected them physically, emotionally, logistically, and financially. They described the effects of their experiences with the health system and providers in areas such as diagnostic process, trust in the medical team, support needs, and hospitalization. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Understanding the parallel experiences of patients with HMs and their designated FCs allows researchers to develop targeted interventions and enables clinicians to provide personalized patient- and family-centered care.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Hematológicas , Neoplasias , Adenosina Monofosfato , Cuidadores/psicología , Familia/psicología , Neoplasias Hematológicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Neoplasias/psicología , Cuidados Paliativos/psicología , Calidad de Vida/psicología
12.
Oncol Nurs Forum ; 49(5): 433-443, 2022 08 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067243

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Patients with advanced cancer and minor children experience high rates of depression and anxiety. However, associations between parental status and other aspects of the patient experience are not well understood. This study compared patient-reported outcomes of patients with and without minor children. SAMPLE & SETTING: This was a retrospective analysis of 448 adults with stage III or IV solid tumors from a public research registry. METHODS & VARIABLES: Multiple linear regression models or modified Poisson regression models were fitted to evaluate differences in health-related quality of life, global health, and patient satisfaction scores between patients living with and without minors. RESULTS: One in five patients lived with minor children. They reported significantly worse health-related quality of life, global physical health, and global mental health. They also expressed lower satisfaction with time spent with their provider, communication, and financial aspects. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: Patients with minor children may benefit from earlier identification and support for their psychosocial needs and concerns.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Calidad de Vida , Adenosina Monofosfato , Adulto , Niño , Humanos , Neoplasias/psicología , Satisfacción del Paciente , Satisfacción Personal , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Estudios Retrospectivos
13.
Oncol Nurs Forum ; 49(5): 455-460, 2022 08 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067245

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate preliminary efficacy, fidelity, and integrity of data collection of a nurse-led, telemedicine-delivered video visit intervention aimed at improving management of rural survivors' cancer-related distress symptoms. SAMPLE & SETTING: 21 rural survivors participated in a nurse-led telemedicine intervention delivered six weeks after the end of active cancer treatment. METHODS & VARIABLES: Participants' symptom management was measured with the Short Form Survivor Unmet Needs Survey, a four-factor, 30-item instrument that measures the unmet needs of adult survivors. Data were collected preintervention and six weeks postintervention. RESULTS: The mean difference between pre- and postintervention survey scores was -0.24, representing an overall improvement in management of unmet needs. The unmet emotional needs domain had the highest mean preintervention score and the largest mean reduction. All effect sizes were small. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING: A nurse-led, telemedicine-delivered video visit intervention may improve rural survivors' symptom management during early survivorship. Comparison with a control group using a sample size powered to detect clinically meaningful differences is an important next step to fully evaluate the impact of this model of care.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Telemedicina , Adenosina Monofosfato , Adulto , Humanos , Neoplasias/terapia , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Población Rural , Sobrevivientes/psicología , Telemedicina/métodos
14.
BMC Geriatr ; 22(1): 723, 2022 09 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050645

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Most persons with dementia live at home and want to stay there as long as possible. In most cases, informal carers such as spouses or children care for them. Together with other family members and professional carers, they form care arrangements to address the complex needs of persons with dementia. One major aim of informal carers is to keep the care arrangement stable. The middle-range theory of 'stability of home-based care arrangements for people living with dementia' (SoCA-Dem theory) offers a theory to understand what constitutes and influences the stability of home-based care arrangements. Based on this theory, the aim of this study was to (1) uncover the underlying structures of differences and commonalities of home-based care arrangements for persons living with dementia, (2) construct types of these care arrangements, and (3) compare these types with regard to their stability. METHOD: This is a secondary analysis of data from a convenience sample of n = 320 care arrangements for persons with dementia obtained in the observational DemNet-D study. Data were analysed using multiple correspondence analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis. Sociodemographic data and variables related to the structure of the care arrangement (D-IVA), burden of the informal carer (BICS-D), dementia severity (FAST), and quality of life of the person with dementia (QOL-AD) were included. RESULTS: The multiple correspondence analysis identified 27 axes that explained the entire variance between all care arrangements. The two axes 'dementia and care trajectory' and 'structure of the dyadic relationship' best distinguished care arrangements from each other and together explained 27.10% of the variance. The subsequent cluster analysis identified four types of care arrangements. Two types included spouse-centred care arrangements, and two types included child-centred care arrangements at different phases of the dementia and care trajectory. The types differ with regard to their stability. CONCLUSION: The results highlight the heterogeneity and commonality of care arrangements for persons living with dementia. They contribute to a better understanding of informal dementia home care. Furthermore, the results can guide the development of tailored support for persons living with dementia and their caring families.


Asunto(s)
Demencia , Servicios de Atención de Salud a Domicilio , Cuidadores , Análisis por Conglomerados , Demencia/diagnóstico , Demencia/epidemiología , Demencia/terapia , Alemania/epidemiología , Humanos , Calidad de Vida
15.
Trials ; 23(1): 732, 2022 Sep 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056421

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Persistent pain and disability following rib fractures result in a large psycho-socio-economic impact for health-care system. Benefits of rib osteosynthesis are well documented in patients with flail chest that necessitates invasive ventilation. In patients with uncomplicated and simple rib fractures, indication for rib osteosynthesis is not clear. The aim of this trial is to compare pain at 2 months after rib osteosynthesis versus medical therapy. METHODS: This trial is a pragmatic multicenter, randomized, superiority, controlled, two-arm, not-blinded, trial that compares pain evolution between rib fixation and standard pain medication versus standard pain medication alone in patients with uncomplicated rib fractures. The study takes place in three hospitals of Thoracic Surgery of Western Switzerland. Primary outcome is pain measured by the brief pain inventory (BPI) questionnaire at 2 months post-surgery. The study includes follow-up assessments at 1, 2, 3, 6, and 12 months after discharge. To be able to detect at least 2 point-difference on the BPI between both groups (standard deviation 2) with 90% power and two-sided 5% type I error, 46 patients per group are required. Adjusting for 10% drop-outs leads to 51 patients per group. DISCUSSION: Uncomplicated rib fractures have a significant medico-economic impact. Surgical treatment with rib fixation could result in better clinical recovery of patients with uncomplicated rib fractures. These improved outcomes could include less acute and chronic pain, improved pulmonary function and quality of life, and shorter return to work. Finally, surgical treatment could then result in less financial costs. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04745520 . Registered on 8 February 2021.


Asunto(s)
Tórax Paradójico , Fracturas de las Costillas , Tórax Paradójico/etiología , Tórax Paradójico/cirugía , Fijación Interna de Fracturas/efectos adversos , Fijación Interna de Fracturas/métodos , Humanos , Estudios Multicéntricos como Asunto , Dolor , Ensayos Clínicos Pragmáticos como Asunto , Calidad de Vida , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Fracturas de las Costillas/complicaciones , Fracturas de las Costillas/diagnóstico , Fracturas de las Costillas/cirugía , Costillas
16.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 837, 2022 Sep 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057658

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effects of combined complex decongestive therapy (CDT) with electrotherapy modalities (ultrasound and faradic currents) in patients with breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL), investigating upper extremity circumference, volume, pain, and functional disability. METHODS: Thirty-nine patients with unilateral BCRL were randomly allocated to three groups (n = 13) as the following: The control group received CDT, the ultrasound group received CDT and therapeutic ultrasound, and the faradic group received CDT and faradic current. All the participants underwent treatment for 10 sessions. The outcomes including volume, circumference (measured at five points), pain intensity, and functional disability of the affected upper extremity were evaluated at baseline and after the treatment. RESULTS: Following the treatment, an improvement was noted in lymphedema volume, pain, and functional disability in all the three groups and there was a significant difference between the groups (P < 0.05). However, changes in limb circumference at the end of the treatment were not significantly different among the three groups in any sites (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The combination of electrotherapy modalities, faradic current or ultrasound, with CDT can result in a greater reduction in lymphedema volume, pain, and functional disability in patients with BCRL. TRIAL REGISTRATION: IRCT, IRCT201310292391N14, registered 03/01/2016.


Asunto(s)
Linfedema del Cáncer de Mama , Neoplasias de la Mama , Terapia por Estimulación Eléctrica , Linfedema , Linfedema del Cáncer de Mama/terapia , Neoplasias de la Mama/complicaciones , Neoplasias de la Mama/terapia , Femenino , Humanos , Linfedema/diagnóstico por imagen , Linfedema/etiología , Linfedema/terapia , Dolor , Calidad de Vida , Resultado del Tratamiento
17.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1120, 2022 Sep 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057715

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA), healthy habits, and an appropriate diet are recommended guidelines to maintain a healthy lifestyle. A healthy lifestyle can help to avoid chronic diseases and long-term illnesses. A monitoring and automatic personalized lifestyle recommendation system (i.e., automatic electronic coach or eCoach) with considering clinical and ethical guidelines, individual health status, condition, and preferences may successfully help participants to follow recommendations to maintain a healthy lifestyle. As a prerequisite for the prototype design of such a helpful eCoach system, it is essential to involve the end-users and subject-matter experts throughout the iterative design process. METHODS: We used an iterative user-centered design (UCD) approach to understend context of use and to collect qualitative data to develop a roadmap for self-management with eCoaching. We involved researchers, non-technical and technical, health professionals, subject-matter experts, and potential end-users in design process. We designed and developed the eCoach prototype in two stages, adopting different phases of the iterative design process. In design workshop 1, we focused on identifying end-users, understanding the user's context, specifying user requirements, designing and developing an initial low-fidelity eCoach prototype. In design workshop 2, we focused on maturing the low-fidelity solution design and development for the visualization of continuous and discrete data, artificial intelligence (AI)-based interval forecasting, personalized recommendations, and activity goals. RESULTS: The iterative design process helped to develop a working prototype of eCoach system that meets end-user's requirements and expectations towards an effective recommendation visualization, considering diversity in culture, quality of life, and human values. The design provides an early version of the solution, consisting of wearable technology, a mobile app following the "Google Material Design" guidelines, and web content for self-monitoring, goal setting, and lifestyle recommendations in an engaging manner between the eCoach app and end-users. CONCLUSIONS: The adopted iterative design process brings in a design focus on the user and their needs at each phase. Throughout the design process, users have been involved at the heart of the design to create a working research prototype to improve the fit between technology, end-user, and researchers. Furthermore, we performed a technological readiness study of ProHealth eCoach against standard levels set by European Union (EU).


Asunto(s)
Aplicaciones Móviles , Inteligencia Artificial , Estilo de Vida Saludable , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Diseño Centrado en el Usuario
18.
Age Ageing ; 51(9)2022 Sep 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057986

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Agitation is a common challenging behaviour in dementia with a negative influence on patient's quality of life and a high caregiver burden. Treatment is often difficult. Current guidelines recommend restrictive use of psychotropic drug treatment, but guideline recommendations do not always suffice. OBJECTIVE: To explore how physicians decide on psychotropic drug treatment for agitated behaviour in dementia when the guideline prescribing recommendations are not sufficient. METHODS: We conducted five online focus groups with a total of 22 elderly care physicians, five geriatricians and four old-age psychiatrists, in The Netherlands. The focus groups were thematically analysed. RESULTS: We identified five main themes. Transcending these themes, in each of the focus groups physicians stated that there is 'not one size that fits all'. The five themes reflect physicians' considerations when deciding on psychotropic drug treatment outside the guideline prescribing recommendations for agitated behaviour in dementia: (1) 'reanalysis of problem and cause', (2) 'hypothesis of underlying cause and treatment goal', (3) 'considerations regarding drug choice', (4) 'trial and error' and (5) 'last resort: sedation'. CONCLUSION: When guideline prescribing recommendations do not suffice, physicians start with reanalysing potential underlying causes. They try to substantiate and justify medication choices as best as they can with a hypothesis of underlying causes or treatment goal, using other guidelines, and applying personalised psychotropic drug treatment.


Asunto(s)
Demencia , Médicos , Anciano , Demencia/diagnóstico , Demencia/tratamiento farmacológico , Humanos , Pautas de la Práctica en Medicina , Psicotrópicos/efectos adversos , Calidad de Vida
19.
J Sch Psychol ; 94: 66-82, 2022 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064216

RESUMEN

The growing concerns regarding the risks of transmitting the COVID-19 virus have intensified the job-related stressors commonly encountered by teachers in various cultural contexts. Evidence shows how the COVID-19 crisis has negatively impacted teachers' mental health outcomes such as stress, depression, and quality of life, which highlights the significance of designing psychological programs to boost teachers' well-being. This study examined the effects of a well-being intervention based on the Positivity, Relationship, Outcomes, Strength, Purpose, Engagement, and Resilience (PROSPER) framework on well-being outcomes among 76 in-service teachers (Mage = 26.05 years, SD = 4.71, range = 20-45; female = 93.4%) in Hong Kong. Participants completed survey measures associated with the seven PROSPER outcomes at baseline and 2-month follow-up. Multivariate regression analysis indicated that there were statistically significant multivariate effects for intervention conditions, Wilks' Lambda F(7, 58) = 4.50, p = .01. Results demonstrated that teachers who were assigned to the intervention condition (n = 36) had significantly higher scores than those in the control condition (n = 40) on positivity (b = 0.41, 95% CI [0.16, 0.65], p = .01), strength (b = 0.62, 95% CI [0.23, 1.01], p = .01), purpose (b = 0.61, 95% CI [0.18, 1.04], p = .01), and resilience (b = 0.57, 95% CI [0.07, 1.07], p = .04). Our findings provide evidence on the mental health benefits of the PROSPER-based psychological intervention program for preschool teachers.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Maestros , Adulto , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Salud Mental , Pandemias , Calidad de Vida , Maestros/psicología
20.
Arch Psychiatr Nurs ; 40: 158-166, 2022 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064240

RESUMEN

The pandemic context presents remarkable psychological challenges for adolescents and young adults. The aim of the present work was to construct and study the psychometric properties of a scale in Spanish language (W-COV) to measure their worries related to the pandemic. Participants were 5559 people aged between 14 and 25 years old (M = 19.05; SD = 3.28). Self-report data were collected using a cross-sectional and cross-cultural design. Participants were from 5 Spanish-speaking countries. Instruments were W-COV to assess worries about COVID-19 and its consequences; DASS-21 for anxiety, depression and stress; and SWLS for life satisfaction. Exploratory, confirmatory and multi-group factor analyses were conducted to determine the factorial structure of the W-COV and its measurement invariance (configural, metric, scalar and error variance). Correlational and regression analyses were also performed to study convergent and predictive validity. The results suggest that W-COV presents a bifactorial structure: (1) a general factor of worries about COVID-19; and (2) three different factors: worries about health, economic and psychosocial consequences from COVID-19. The internal reliability indices Cronbach's α and Omega were adequate. With respect to the invariance results, the instrument can be used interchangeably in the five countries considered, in both genders and in two different age groups (12-17 and 18-25). Regarding validity, W-COV factors were positively associated with anxiety, depression and stress, and negatively predicted life satisfaction. In conclusion, W-COV is a reliable and valid instrument for researchers and health care professionals to assess the psychological impact of the pandemic on mental health of young Ibero-Americans.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedad/psicología , Comparación Transcultural , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometría/métodos , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
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