Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 28.899
Filtrar
1.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 99(3): 60-70, 2020.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608952

RESUMEN

The aim of this research is to increase the accuracy of determining the position of the tongue, the amount of space occupied by the tongue and space, free from tongue, increase of efficiency of diagnostics of dentofacial anomalies in patients based on CBCT analysis-the study of the skull conducted in transversal, sagittal and coronal planes. Clinical and x-ray examination and orthodontic treatment were carried out in 120 patients with anomalies of the dentition complex. Patients were divided into three groups. Group 1 - 30 patients aged 5 to 11 years. Group 2 - 50 patients aged 12 to 17 years. Group 3 - 40 patients aged 18 to 40 years. All patients underwent CT examination of the skull before treatment, and during the retention period of treatment. After a diagnostic examination of the proposed method for diagnosing the anatomical and functional state of the dentition complex and drawing up a treatment plan, all patients underwent orthodontic treatment, which consisted in the expansion of the upper jaw using various orthodontic appliances for expansion. This method allows to identify anomalies in the position of the tongue before and after orthodontic treatment, to assess the quality of orthodontic treatment, based on the analysis of not only the tongue filling the space of the dome of the palate, but also the position of the bone structures of the skull in three planes. The high quality of the study allows us to give a reliable assessment of the state of maxillofacial structures: the position of the upper and lower jaws, inclination of teeth, the stage of formation of the patient's growth, airway lumen and the influence of tongue on these structures at different stages of development of the maxillofacial skull. When comparing the results of the study, not all patients carried out recovered the anatomical and functional balance of the maxillofacial complex after orthodontic treatment, suggesting the need for more myogymnastics of the tongue before, during, and after treatment.


Asunto(s)
Maxilar , Técnica de Expansión Palatina , Adolescente , Adulto , Cefalometría , Niño , Preescolar , Humanos , Paladar (Hueso) , Lengua , Adulto Joven
2.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(2): 44-51, 2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490926

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate facial profile changes promoted by polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) cement graft to reduce excessive gingival display due to hyperactivity of the elevator muscles of the upper lip during smiling. METHODS: Eleven patients (all females, age range: 20 to 43 years) presenting gingival smile that were treated with PMMA cement grafts in a private clinic were selected for this retrospective study. Three angular and ten linear cephalometric facial profile measurements were performed preoperatively (baseline, T1) and at least 6 months postoperatively (T2). Differences between T1 and T2 were verified by Wilcoxon test, and the correlation between the thickness of the graft and facial profile changes was statistically evaluated by Spearman's Coefficient test. The significance level was set at p< 0.05. RESULTS: The nasolabial angle (p= 0.03) and the labial component of the nasolabial angle showed statistically significant differences (p= 0.04), with higher values in T2. No correlations were found between the graft thickness and the statistically significant facial profile changes (p> 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The PMMA bone cement graft projected the upper lip forward, thereby increasing the nasolabial angle without affecting the nasal component. No correlations between the graft thickness and the facial profile changes were detected.


Asunto(s)
Cementos para Huesos , Sonrisa , Adulto , Cefalometría , Femenino , Encía , Humanos , Labio , Estudios Retrospectivos , Adulto Joven
3.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(2): 69-85, 2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490927

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Class II malocclusion, which has a significant incidence in the population, may compromise facial esthetics and the smile, as well as the masticatory and respiratory functions. Often associated with skeletal abnormalities, it severely affects and compromises quality of life. An accurate diagnosis is fundamental to prepare a treatment plan to correct dental and skeletal anomalies. OBJECTIVES: This study discusses treatment alternatives to the correction of Class II division 1 and 2 malocclusion in growing patients, using a Bionator and an extraoral appliance.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Maloclusión , Aparatos Activadores , Cefalometría , Estética Dental , Humanos , Calidad de Vida
4.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(2): 32-43, 2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490928

RESUMEN

A healthy 15-year-old boy with anterior open bite, edge-to-edge transverse discrepancy, and Class III skeletal relationship sought a nonsurgical orthodontic treatment. The patient was treated with premolars extraction, a Hyrax expander and intrusion mechanics with vertical elastics. This mechanics allowed for excellent facial and occlusal results. The final occlusion presented Class I molar and canine relationships, ideal overjet and overbite, and straight facial profile. Analysis of the posttreatment and follow-up radiographs showed that the treatment outcomes remained stable seven years after active orthodontic treatment. Thus, although combined orthodontic and surgical treatment should be considered for patients with this skeletal malocclusion, this case report proves that well controlled orthodontic movement with the patient's cooperation can be a valid alternative treatment, with good and stable outcomes for patients who refuse surgery.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase III , Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Mordida Abierta , Sobremordida , Adolescente , Cefalometría , Humanos , Masculino , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
5.
Int J Comput Dent ; 23(2): 139-148, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555767

RESUMEN

Frontal cephalometric radiography (frontal ceph) is one of the important diagnostic methods in orthodontics and maxillofacial surgery. It allows one to determine occlusion anomalies in the transverse and vertical planes and to evaluate the symmetry of the facial skeleton relative to the median plane, including analysis of the position of the jawbone. AIM: The aim of this study was to develop an artificial neural network (ANN) for placing cephalometric points (CPs) on frontal cephs and to compare the accuracy of its performance against humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 330 depersonalized frontal cephs: 300 cephs for training ANNs and 30 for research. Each image was imported into the ViSurgery software (Skolkovo, Russia) and the 45 CPs were arranged. The CPs were divided into three groups: 1) precise anatomical landmarks; 2) complex anatomical landmarks; and 3) indistinct anatomical landmarks. Two ANNs were used to improve the accuracy of CP placement. The first ANN solved the problem of multiclass image segmentation, and the second regression ANN was used to correct the predictions of the first ANN. The accuracy of CP placement was compared between the ANN and three groups of doctors: expert, regular, and inexperienced. Then, using the Wilcoxon t test, the hypothesis that an ANN makes fewer or as many errors as doctors in the three groups of points was tested. RESULTS: The deviation was estimated by the mean absolute error (MAE). The MAE for the points placed by the ANN, as compared with the control, was close to the average result for the regular doctor group: 2.87 mm (ANN) and 2.85 mm (regular group); 2.47 mm (expert group), and 3.61 mm (inexperienced group). The results for individual groups of points are presented. On average, the ANN places CPs no less accurately than the regular doctor group in each group of points. However, calculating all points in total, this hypothesis was rejected because the P value was 0.0056. A different result was observed among the inexperienced doctor group. Points from groups 2 and 3, as well as all points in total, were placed more accurately by the ANN (P = 0.9998, 0.2628, and 0.9982, respectively). The exception was group 1, where the points were more accurately placed by the inexperienced doctors (P = 0.0006). CONCLUSION: The results of the present study show that ANNs can achieve accuracy comparable to humans in placing CPs, and in some cases surpass the accuracy of inexperienced doctors (students, residents, graduate students).


Asunto(s)
Redes Neurales de la Computación , Programas Informáticos , Cefalometría , Humanos
6.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 21(2): 123-128, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32567943

RESUMEN

AIM: Interceptive treatment has been devised to improve the outcomes on growth stage and mandibular repositioning in Class II patients. The aim of this study is to test the effectiveness of Functional education (EF) (OrthoPlus, Igny, France) preformed appliance in skeletal Class II growing patients at CVM2 and CMV3 stages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study design: retrospective controlled study. Eighty skeletal Class II growing subjects were recruited for the study. Lateral X-rays and cephalograms were required at the beginning (T0) and at the end (T1) of the EF treatment to evaluate dento-skeletal changes. The same sub-division and sample size were adopted for respective untreated control groups. RESULTS: At prepubertal stage, the EF device showed a significant reduction of upper incisors proclination. When comparing dentoskeletal variables in the pubertal groups, significant differences were shown. In the treated group the SN^B angle increased, with the B Downs landmark moving forward. Wits index improved by 2.16 mm in the study group with an increase of all mandibular linear measurements. Fewer but significant dental changes were shown for 11^41 angle, with a mean increase of 8.90°. STATISTICS: For multiple comparisons, the Tukey test at 95% family-wise confidence level was used. The level of significance was set at p < 0.05. Statistical analyses were conducted using the R statistical package (version 3.0.3, R Core Team, Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria). CONCLUSIONS: EF appliance seems to be effective in the treatment of Class II growing patients. Significant improvements in upper incisors proclination and mandibular elongation are shown.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Aparatos Ortodóncicos Funcionales , Cefalometría , Humanos , Mandíbula , Diseño de Aparato Ortodóncico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
7.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(3): 301-307, 2020 Jun 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573139

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects and advantages of skeletal class Ⅲ malocclusion treatment by transmission straight wire technique. METHODS: Ninety-seven patients who received treatment for skeletal class Ⅲ malocclusion at the Department of Stomatology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from January 2012 to January 2017 were selected for this retrospective study. All these patients refused surgery. They were divided into two groups in accordance with the type of skeletal malocclusion: mild-to-moderate skeletal malocclusion group (-4°≤ANB <0°) and severe skeletal malocclusion group (-8°≤ANB<-4°). Each of the two groups was divided further into two small groups in accordance with the technique used: T group (transmission straight wire technique) and M group (MBT technique). RESULTS: The crossbite of all 59 patients in the mild-to-moderate skeletal malocclusion group was successfully treated. The molars were classified as classⅠrelationship, and the facial profile improved. Significant differences were found in the values of U1/SN angle, L1/MP angle, and Lip-Diff between the T and M groups before and after the treatment (P<0.05). The extent of incisor root resorption was lighter in the T group than in the M group (P<0.05). In the severe skeletal malocclusion group, the crossbite of all 38 patients was cured or partially cured. Fourteen patients showed severe lower anterior teeth inclination (five in the T group and nine in the M group), and the profiles did not significantly improve. Significant differences were observed in the values of U1-NA value, U1/SN angle, L1-NB value, L1/MP angle, LLP, and Lip-Diff between the T and M groups before and after the treatment (P<0.05). The extent of incisor root resorption was lighter in the T group than in the M group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Relative to the MBT technique, the transmission straight wire technique has great advantages in improving facial profile, reducing the compensatory inclination of the upper and lower anterior teeth, and reducing the risk of root resorption in the treatment of skeletal class Ⅲ malocclusion.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase III , Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Maloclusión , Cefalometría , Humanos , Maxilar , Estudios Retrospectivos
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 640-644, June 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098300

RESUMEN

The objective of this study was to obtain data on craniometric parameters in the crab-eating fox (Cerdocyon thous) and to define the general skull type of this species, analysing whether the craniometric classification of domestic dogs can be applied. Eleven skulls of C. thous were included in the analysis, irrespective of age and sex. The location of nine craniometric points established for craniometry in domestic dogs was determined and based on the distances between these points, 17 craniometric parameters were measured. Those parameters were used to calculate the following six craniometric indices: 53.17 ± 2.54 mm skull index, 2.33 ± 0.08 mm craniofacial index, 59.17 ± 3.57 mm neurocranial index, 125.58 ± 6.63 mm facial index, 37.52 ± 2.65 mm basal index and the index of the foramen magnum 54.47 ± 3.48 mm. According to the analysed indices, the skull shape in C. thous can be classified as mesaticephalic.


El objetivo de este estudio fue obtener datos sobre los parámetros craneométricos del zorro cangrejero (Cerdocyon thous) y definir el tipo general de cráneo de esta especie, analizando si se puede aplicar la clasificación craneométrica de los perros domésticos. Once cráneos de C. thous fueron incluidos en el análisis, independientemente de la edad y el sexo. Se determinó la ubicación de nueve puntos craneométricos establecidos para la craneometría en perros domésticos y, en función de las distancias entre estos puntos, se midieron 17 parámetros craneométricos. Esos parámetros se usaron para calcular los siguientes índices craneométricos: índice craneal de 53,17 ± 2,54 mm, índice craneofacial de 2,33 ± 0,08 mm, índice neurocraneal de 59,17 ± 3,57 mm, índice facial de 125,58 ± 6,63 mm, índice basal de 37,52 ± 2,65 mm y el índice del foramen magnum 54,47 ± 3,48 mm. Según los índices analizados, la forma del cráneo en C. thous se puede clasificar como mesaticefálica.


Asunto(s)
Animales , Perros , Cráneo/anatomía & histología , Cefalometría , Canidae/anatomía & histología
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 659-664, June 2020. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098303

RESUMEN

Cephalofacial variables and the body height have priority importance in anthropological researches for a chronological study of the anthropological status of peoples. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the changeability of the cephalofacial variables and stature under the influence of exogenous factors during the over 80 years period-time. The realisation of the goal was done by comparing of some anthropometrical data (stature, 5 cephalofacial measurements and 2 cephalofacial indexes) done on the Albanian male population in three different time-line studies (Coon, 1950; Dhima, 1974-84; Rexhepi et al. 2018; cephalofacial measurements, 1997-2008, and stature, 2007-2017). Regarding the cephalofacial variables, some minor systematic differences were found between three different timeline studies, but without contradictions regarding the group's classification according to the corresponding scale. The major and meaningful differences between the three studies are noted in body height (Coon = 169.71 cm, Dhima=171.61cm; Rexhepi et al.=178.23 cm). The results of this study suggested that the timeline difference over 80 years, with all exogenous factor changes (environment, socioeconomic conditions, health, etc.) has a meaningful impact on body height, while not on the substantial changes on cephalofacial variables.


Las variables cefalofaciales y la altura del cuerpo tienen una importancia mayor en las investigaciones antropológicas para un estudio cronológico del estado antropológico de la población. El objetivo principal de esta investigación fue evaluar la capacidad de cambio de las variables cefalofaciales y la estatura de acuerdo a la influencia de factores exógenos durante un período de más de 80 años. El objetivo se llevó a cabo mediante la comparación de algunos datos antropométricos (estatura, 5 mediciones cefalofaciales y 2 índices cefalofaciales) realizados en la población masculina albanesa en tres estudios de línea de tiempo diferentes (Coon, 1929-30; Dhima, 1974-84; Mediciones cefalofaciales de Rexhepi et al., 1997-2008, y estatura, 2007-2017). Con respecto a las variables cefalofaciales, se encontraron algunas diferencias sistemáticas menores entre tres estudios de línea de tiempo diferentes, pero sin contradicciones con respecto a la clasificación del grupo, según la escala correspondiente. Las diferencias principales y significativas entre los tres estudios se observaron en la altura del cuerpo (Coon = 169,71 cm, Dhima = 171,61 cm; Rexhepi et al. = 178,23 cm). Los resultados de esta investigación sugieren que la diferencia en la línea de tiempo en un periodo de 80 años, junto a todos los cambios de factores exógenos (ambiente, condiciones socioeconómicas, salud, etc.) tienen un impacto significativo en la altura corporal, mientras que esto no ocurre en los cambios de las variables cefalofaciales.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Joven , Estatura , Cefalometría/métodos , Cabeza/anatomía & histología , Antropología , Factores de Tiempo , Albania , Cara/anatomía & histología , Kosovo
10.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(4): 438-444, 2020 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584283

RESUMEN

AIM: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the influence of maxillary posterior space discrepancy (MPDD) on angulation and vertical position of molars in patients with skeletal class II malocclusions, presenting long, short, and normal vertical growth patterns. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 120 lateral cephalograms of patients (mean age: 23 years) with skeletal class II malocclusion were evaluated. Patients were divided into six groups based on their vertical growth pattern (normal, long, and short faces) and the presence or absence of maxillary posterior discrepancy. Maxillary molars' sagittal angulation and vertical position were measured on cephalograms via Dolphin™ three-dimensional (3D) software (version 11.5). The comparison between groups with the same vertical dimension and different status of MPDD was done with independent t test. The analysis of analysis (ANOVA) was used to make pairwise comparison between all six groups. Finally, a multiple regression analysis was performed to evaluate the influence of molar position and MPDD on the anterior overbite. RESULTS: The results showed that the angulation of the maxillary first molar was not statistically different between groups with the same vertical dimension but varied in terms of MPDD. The maxillary second molar was more distally inclined in patients with MPDD than those without MPDD with short and normal facial types (p value = 0.016 and p value = 0.001, respectively). The second molar had significantly more distal angulation in long face patients than short and normal face participants, without considering the status of MPDD. The upper first and second molars were erupted more in patients with long than short or normal faces, without any influence of MPDD. CONCLUSION: The presence of MPDD caused more distal inclination of the maxillary second molar, in skeletal class II patients with short and normal vertical growth patterns. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The status of MPDD and its effect on the maxillary second molar teeth should be considered in skeletal class II patients with short and normal vertical growth patterns.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Sobremordida , Adulto , Cefalometría , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Mandíbula , Maxilar , Diente Molar , Adulto Joven
11.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(1): 60-64, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524123

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate the profile self-perception of lower anterior facial height(LAFH) by patients seeking orthodontic treatment, and explore the influencial factors. METHODS: Profile photographs of two Chinese adults (one female and one male with normal profiles) were digitized to create two baseline templates. Changes in middle anterior facial height / lower anterior facial height ratio were made on the templates by altering lower anterior facial height from 0.5 to 1.5 in 0.1 increments. An electronic questionnaire survey was conducted among patients who met the sample criteria. They were asked to choose one from various photos that most resembled their own profile. Then profile photos of patients were taken and measured. Differences between self-perception profile and actual profile were compared using paired t test. Statistical analysis was employed for comparison between different age, genders, profile concerns, education backgrounds, orthodontic histories, marital status and facial types with SPSS 17.0 software package. RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty-six subjects (average age 19.2±6.0 years; 79 men, 147 women) were interviewed in this survey. The ratio of self-perception profile by the patients was lower than actual. Difference was significant between patients' actual profile and self-perception profile(P<0.01).Among the seven factors,profile concerns(P<0.01) and orthodontic history (P=0.002) were significantly correlated with profile self-perception of lower anterior facial height by the patients. CONCLUSIONS: There is a cognitive bias in profile self-perception of lower anterior facial height by patients seeking orthodontic treatment. The patients' self-perception of lower anterior facial height is influenced by profile concerns and orthodontic history, not by age, sex, education backgrounds, marital status and facial types.


Asunto(s)
Cara/anatomía & histología , Diente , Adolescente , Adulto , Cefalometría , Atención Odontológica , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Autoimagen , Adulto Joven
12.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(2): 25-31, 2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490924

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate dental and skeletal changes resulting from the exclusive use of the cervical headgear for 15 ± 4 months in the treatment of patients with Class II division 1 malocclusion. METHODS: Differences between the beginning (T1) and immediately after the end of the therapy (T2) with the cervical headgear in growing patients (Experimental Group, EG, n = 23) were examined and compared, during compatible periods, with those presented by a group of untreated individuals (Control Group, CG, n =22) with similar malocclusions and chronological age. The cephalometric variables evaluated were: ANB, GoGn.SN, AO-BO, S'-ANS, S'-A, S'-B, S'-Pog and S'-U6 (maxillary first molar). The Shapiro-Wilk and Levene tests were used to evaluate the results. RESULTS: Significant differences were found relative to the ANB, S'-U6, AO-BO, S'-ANS, S'-A, S'-B and S'-Pog variables between T1 and T2 when comparing both groups. No statistically significant variation was found regarding the GoGn.SN angle. CONCLUSIONS: The use of cervical headgear promoted distal movement of the maxillary first molars and restricted the anterior displacement of the maxilla, without significantly affecting the GoGn.SN angle.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Cefalometría , Aparatos de Tracción Extraoral , Humanos , Maxilar , Diente Molar , Estudios Prospectivos
13.
Dental Press J Orthod ; 25(2)2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32490925

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Skeletal Class III malocclusion with asymmetry is one of the most difficult problems to correct in orthodontics. A functional shift of the mandible in growing patients may occur accompanying a Class III, due to constricted maxillary arch and occlusal interferences. Studies have indicated that posterior unilateral crossbite develops early and has a low rate of spontaneous correction. It may further lead to development of mandibular and facial asymmetry by growth and displacement of mandible if left untreated in growing patients. OBJECTIVE: This article reports the clinical case of a thirteen-year-old female patient in CVMI transition stage that had maxillary hypoplasia with a developing facial asymmetry. RESULTS: The case was successfully managed with bone-anchored facemask therapy and with elimination of occlusal interferences with guided occlusion. Reverse twin block in the retention phase maintained the results achieved. CONCLUSION: A four-year follow-up evaluation revealed successful maintenance of the treatment results.


Asunto(s)
Asimetría Facial , Maloclusión de Angle Clase III , Adolescente , Cefalometría , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Mandíbula , Maxilar
14.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(2): 224-228, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436901

RESUMEN

Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the association between mandibular growth pattern and soft tissue chin (STC) thickness measured at different chin levels and the gender differences in STC thickness at these different chin levels. Materials and Methods: Pretreatment lateral cephalograms of 161 subjects aged 18-45 years were selected, and subjects were divided into 4 groups depending on mandibular growth pattern defined by the mandibular plane to cranial base angle. The STC thicknesses were measured at pogonion (Pog), gnathion (Gn), and menton (Me). Group difference was evaluated using analysis of variance. Results: STC thickness was greater (p < .05) in the low-angle group, and it gradually decreased across the groups, the least being in the high-angle group. No sexual dimorphism was observed among the groups (p > .05). Conclusion: This study suggests that STC thickness measurements were smaller in high-angle group compared to low-angle group.


Asunto(s)
Cara , Mandíbula , Cefalometría , Mentón , Base del Cráneo
15.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(2): 263-276, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436908

RESUMEN

Aim: (1) To apply the quadrilateral analysis to adult male and female Chennai population with normal occlusion, (2) To compare the results to Chennai adult male and female with anterior openbite, (3) To evaluate the correlation of the quadrilateral variables and (4) To establish additional parameters to determine an openbite tendency. Materials and Methods: The study was carried out from the values taken from 120 pretreatment lateral cephalograms of the selected Chennai population and divided into two groups. Group A consists of 60 lateral cephalograms of 30 male and 30 female patients with balanced anteroposterior and vertical facial proportion and normal overjet and overbite relationship. Group B consists of 60 lateral cephalograms of 30 male and 30 female patients with anterior openbite and comparision done with 2 groups. Results in normal subjects the lower facial heights are equal. In anterior openbite subjects. The facial heights. The sagittal angle. The maxillary and mandibular sagittal ratios. Lower facial height and sagittal ratio is larger than normal. Results: statistical analysis performed with Version 23(SPSS) and Student's t test were done to describe the mean and standard deviation. To assess the relationship pearson correlation was used.The probability value of 0.05 is consdered as significant. Conclusion: The malformation of the craniofacial structure in anterior openbite subjects resides in the maxillomandibular complex. The overbite depth indicator, the sagittal angle, the maxillary, and mandibular sagittal ratio can be additional parameters in determining an openbite tendency.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión , Mordida Abierta , Adulto , Cefalometría , Femenino , Humanos , India , Masculino , Mandíbula , Dimensión Vertical
16.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 11, 2020 May 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32363550

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: To compare dentoskeletal changes produced by the maxillary splint headgear and cervical headgear appliance during the early phase of Class II treatment, specially the initial overjet and upper incisors position. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 28 Class II patients treated with the maxillary splint headgear (MSG, mean age 10.1 ± 1.9 years) and 28 Class II patients treated with cervical headgear (CHG, mean age 9.5 ± 1.9 years) were evaluated before and after treatment. Statistical comparisons between the two groups for cephalometric measurements at T1 and for T2-T1 changes were performed by means of independent sample t tests. RESULTS: The MSG showed a significantly greater reduction of the overjet in comparison to the CHG (- 2.4 mm and - 0.7 mm, respectively) and a significantly greater maxillary incisor uprighting (- 1.8 mm and 0.4 mm, respectively). In the MSG, overjet correction was due mainly to mandibular advancement (3.5 mm), while the correction of molar relationship (3.9 mm) was 64% skeletal and 36% dentoalveolar. In the CHG, the overjet correction was also more skeletal, due to mandibular growth (1.8 mm), while correction of molar relationship (3.5 mm) was 63% dentoalveolar and 37% skeletal. CONCLUSIONS: Both groups showed favorable skeletal mandibular changes, which was more significant in the MSG. Regarding tooth movement, the maxillary splint headgear was more effective in uprighting upper incisors and reducing the overjet than cervical headgear appliance.


Asunto(s)
Aparatos de Tracción Extraoral , Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Cefalometría , Niño , Humanos , Maxilar , Estudios Retrospectivos , Férulas (Fijadores) , Técnicas de Movimiento Dental
17.
J Forensic Odontostomatol ; 1(38): 8-17, 2020 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32420908

RESUMEN

Sex determination, which is based on the existence of dimorphism between specimens of the same species, plays an important role in the process of human identification. In the absence of pelvic elements, the skull appears to be the best sex indicator, and can also be submitted to quantitative or metric assessments. Eleven measurements were taken for this study, four in the sagittal plane and seven in the horizontal, in two groups of 186 skulls each, with 101 from males and 85 from females for those of the sagittal plane, and 100 and 86, respectively, for those concerning the horizontal, of subjects aged between 18 and 94 years at the time of death. The sample belongs to the Osteological and Tomographic Biobank Professor Doctor Eduardo Daruge of the Piracicaba Dental School of the University of Campinas. The aim of this research was to establish a reliable method to determine sex and elaborate mathematical prototypes capable of assisting in investigation or identification activities, in a preliminary study. Of the measures implemented (Lambda-Nasion, Lambda-Rhinion, Lambda-Nasospinale, Rhinion-Nasospinale, Zygomaxillare-Zygomaxillare, Lambda-Incisive Foramen, Lambda-Right Zygomaxillare, Lambda-Left Zygomaxillare, Basion-Incisive Foramen, Basion-Right Zygomaxillare and Basion-Left Zygomaxillare), only the Lambda-Nasospinale and Rhinion-Nasospinale in the sagittal plane, and the Zygomaxillare-Zygomaxillare and Lambda-Incisive Foramen in the horizontal plane, were significantly dimorphic. Two predictive mathematical models of sex were conceived for each pair of them: one of logistic regression and another of conditional inference trees, displaying accuracy rates of 78.5% and 77.42%, and of 68.28% and 72.04%, respectively. The authors concluded that there is the possibility to apply the aforementioned data in forensic anthropology as an auxiliary tool in investigation or identification tasks.


Asunto(s)
Determinación del Sexo por el Esqueleto , Cráneo , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Brasil , Cefalometría , Femenino , Antropología Forense , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto Joven
18.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(1): 105-112, 2020 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381810

RESUMEN

AIM: To test the hypothesis that skeletal and dentoalveolar effects are both important in skeletal class II malocclusion corrected with the Forsus fatigue-resistant device (FRD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 35 patients (16 females and 19 males; age 12.0 ± 0.6 years) with skeletal class II malocclusion treated with the Forsus FRD were included. Lateral cephalometric radiographies before and after treatment were collected. Cephalometric analysis and superimpositions were applied. Pancherz's analysis was performed to discover the skeletal and dentoalveolar effects on all patients and 60% contribution was set as a milestone to classify. Statistical comparisons were performed by paired t testing (p < 0.05). RESULTS: The mean treatment period of the Forsus FRD was 6.4 ± 0.2 months. All patients (AG) have been corrected to class I molar relationship in three mechanisms: 15 patients in the skeletal group (SG), 10 patients in the dentoalveolar group (DG), and 10 patients in the skeletal and dentoalveolar group (SDG). Four groups showed a significant change in skeletal sagittal relationship improvement (p < 0.05). The AG, SG, and SDG showed a significant improvement in the growth of the mandible (Co-Go, Go-Pog, and Co-Gn, p < 0.05). The DG showed a significant improvement in the growth of the mandibular body (Go-Pog, p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Three mechanisms were found in skeletal class II malocclusion corrected with the Forsus FRD. Skeletal and dentoalveolar effects are both important in skeletal class II malocclusion corrected with the Forsus FRD. And skeletal and dentoalveolar effects played differential roles in different cases. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The mechanism of skeletal class II correction with Forsus FRD may divide into mandibular growth, dentoalveolar effects, and both.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Aparatos Ortodóncicos Funcionales , Cefalometría , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Radiografía
19.
Prog Orthod ; 21(1): 13, 2020 May 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32419086

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There is relatively little appreciation of the changes in maxillary-mandibular relationships occurring during adolescence among subjects with normal and increased overjet. The aim of this study was to assess differences in changes in maxillo-mandibular relationships during the adolescent growth period based on the presence of a normal (< 4 mm) or increased (> 4 mm) overjet in childhood. Our hypothesis was that there is no difference in the change of the A point, nasion, B point (ANB) angle during growth between these two overjet groups. Lateral cephalograms were obtained from 65 subjects taken from the American Association of Orthodontists Foundation (AAOF) Craniofacial Growth Legacy Collections Project. Cephalograms were obtained at ages 7-10 (T0) and 14-17 (T1) with allocation into two groups based on baseline overjet (> 4 mm: group 1, 2-4 mm: group 2). Random effects linear regression was used to account for multiple within -patient measurements with dependent variables including antero-posterior skeletal pattern (based on sella, nasion, A point (SNA); sella, nasion, B point (SNB); and ANB angles). RESULTS: We included a similar number of males (n = 34; 52.3%) and females (n = 31; 47.7%). The mean ANB was higher at baseline in group 1 (5.42, SD 2.16°) than in group 2 (3.08, SD 1.91°). The hypothesis was rejected as the ANB angle reduced by 1.92° more in the larger overjet group with the association being statistically significant after accounting for age and gender (P < 0.001; 95% CI 1.06 to 2.77). No significant gender-related effect (P = 0.624; 95% CI - 0.637 to 1.07) was observed overall. However, there was no significant increase in SNA angle in the > 4 mm overjet group compared to the 2-4 mm group (0.857°, P = 0.271; 95% CI - 0.669 to 2.383). The SNB angle increased by 1.15° more in the higher overjet group but there was only weak evidence of an association (P = 0.086; 95% CI - 2.464 to 0.164). CONCLUSIONS: A slight straightening of the facial profile was observed in both groups with a statistically significant greater reduction in ANB arising in the group with larger baseline overjet. This translated into a marginal reduction in the overjet in this group.


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Sobremordida , Adolescente , Cefalometría , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula , Maxilar
20.
J Orofac Orthop ; 81(4): 286-300, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32435862

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: There is no consensus regarding which mode of activation or mandibular advancement (stepwise [SW] or maximum bite-jumping [BJ]) of fixed or removable functional appliances (FFA; RFA) for correction of Angle class II malocclusion is advantageous to produce dental, skeletal or condylar effects and has the lowest rate of undesired dental or technical side-effects. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted up to Oct. 20, 2019 in the MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Central Cochrane Library, and BBO databases. Included were preadolescent, adolescent, and adult humans with initial (pretreatment) Angle class II malocclusion, without further restriction. The intervention group was composed of subjects treated with FFA or RFA in SW mandibular advancement; the control group received BJ advancement. Search terms included prospective randomized and nonrandomized trials in English, German, Spanish, and Portuguese with the primary outcomes of skeletal and dental class II correction, effects on condylar growth, lower incisor proclination, overjet and overbite reduction. The risk of bias (ROB) was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration's ROB2 tool. Mean differences were calculated and pooled by a meta-analysis using a random effects model. RESULTS: Data from five randomized controlled trials (RCT) with 401 participants (mean age 13.84 years; SD 1.53) were included; 331 derived from four studies were included in the meta-analysis. The ROB in the selected articles was high. We detected a slightly increased reduction of the ANB (mean difference [MD] -0.95°, 95% confidence interval [CI] -1.80 to -0.10°; I2 = 72%) that may be attributed to a slightly more pronounced increase of the SNB angle in SW-advanced mandibles (MD 0.27°; 95% CI -0.47 to 1.00°; I2 = 38%). SW advancement tended to reduce the undesired side effect of lower incisor proclination (MD = -1.59°; 95% CI -3.98 to 0.8°; I2 = 0%), indicating more pronounced mandibular incisor changes with bite-jumping advancement. CONCLUSION: There is weak evidence indicating a slightly increased reduction of the ANB and less lower incisor proclination with SW advancement compared to BJ, but the clinical relevance is debatable due to the small overall magnitude and small number of high-quality papers. REGISTRATION: Prospero #CRD42017075469 (www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero).


Asunto(s)
Maloclusión de Angle Clase II , Aparatos Ortodóncicos Funcionales , Sobremordida , Adolescente , Adulto , Cefalometría , Humanos , Mandíbula , Avance Mandibular , Ortodoncia Correctiva
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA