Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 164.881
Filtrar
1.
Recurso de Internet en Español | LIS - Localizador de Información en Salud, LIS-ES-CIUD, LIS-ES-PROF | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-47002

RESUMEN

Contiene: situación epidemiológica, evaluación de riesgo y medidas de salud pública en España, actuaciones y recomendaciones de salud pública de la República Popular China, la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) y el Centro Europeo de Control de Enfermedades (ECDC).


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Betacoronavirus , Medición de Riesgo , Vigilancia en Salud Pública , España , China , Organización Mundial de la Salud
2.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(1): 17-21, 2020 Jan 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023764

RESUMEN

Immune checkpoint inhibitors have been approved for clinical application in China. However, the increased immune-related adverse event (irAE) needs more attention. This review summarized the incidence, characteristic clinical manifestation and treatment of irAEs associated with programmed cell death protein-1(PD-1) and programmed cell death ligand-1(PD-L1) inhibitors. To have a deep insight into irAE, the potential mechanisms, the different incidences of cancer types, influencing factors and the direction of future research were also discussed here to provide guidance for clinical oncologist to identify and monitor irAE.


Asunto(s)
Inmunoterapia , Neoplasias , China , Humanos , Incidencia , Neoplasias/terapia
3.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(1): 23-29, 2020 Feb 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037762

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Mandibular condyle injury usually results in malocclusion and disharmony of facial growth in growing children. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term effects of autogenous coronoid grafts on the facial growth of children with unilateral temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis who underwent mandibular condyle reconstruction. METHODS: Ten growing patients with unilateral bony TMJ ankylosis admitted in West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University between January 1st, 2008 and December 31st, 2016 were followed up and evaluated. These patients include three males and seven females with ages ranging from 5 years to 12 years at the time of surgery. Each patient underwent gap arthroplasty, condyle reconstruction with ipsilateral coronoid, and interposition of the pedicled temporalis fascial flap in a single operation. The postoperative follow-up ranged from 3 years to 8 years with an average of 4.9 years. Postoperative panoramic radiographs determined the growth of the mandibular height and length on the affected side and compared it with those of the healthy side. RESULTS: All patients recovered uneventfully after surgery. At the end of follow-up period, the maximal mouth opening ranged from 32 mm to 41 mm with an average of 35.6 mm. Mandibular height and length continued to grow after the successful treatment of ankylosis using autogenous coronoid grafts for condyle reconstruction. However, growth deficit still existed. The final ramus height and mandibular length of the affected side at the end of follow-up increased by 25.3% (P<0.05) and 26.1% (P<0.05), respectively, compared with the initial values measured immediately after surgery. Growth rates of ramus height and mandibular length of the affected side were 47.1% and 27.2% lower (P<0.05) than those of the healthy side, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Mandibular height and length continued to grow after the successful treatment of ankylosis by using autogenous coronoid grafts for condyle reconstruction. However, growth deficit still existed. The growth rate of the affected mandible was reduced compared with that of the undisturbed side even after treatment of ankylosis.


Asunto(s)
Anquilosis , Cóndilo Mandibular , Trasplante Óseo , Niño , Preescolar , China , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Articulación Temporomandibular , Trastornos de la Articulación Temporomandibular
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(3): 192-196, 2020 Jan 21.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008285

RESUMEN

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of minimally invasive lateral lumbar interbody fusion (LLIF/OLIF) on the sagittal balance of adult degenerative scoliosis. Methods: From January 2014 to June 2017, a total of 23 patients with degenerative scoliosis underwent staged minimally invasive surgery in Shanghai Ruijin Hospital. All patients were implanted with LLIF or OLIF cage from the lateral approach first, and was followed by the posterior percutaneous pedicle screw fixation or pedicle screw fixation via Wiltse approach. If the sagittal deformity correction was not satisfactory after the first surgery, a posterior osteotomy can be performed during the second stage operation. A biplanar X-ray of the whole spine was taken with the EOS imaging system before and after surgery. The EOS software was used to measure and evaluate the patient's sagittal balance parameters including pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), lumbar lordosis (LL), the sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and the coronal Cobb angle. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score for low back pain, the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) score were evaluated before and after surgery. Paired t test or repeated measures ANOVA was used to compare the data before and after surgery. Results: There were 6 males and 17 females with a mean age of (72±4) years (62-79 years). Nine patients were treated with LLIF and 14 patients with OLIF. Sixteen cases were implanted with three cages, five with two cages and two with four cages. The mean follow-up period was 24.2 months (15-42 months). After the first operation, the Cobb angle of the patient was significantly improved (18°±7° vs 33°±8°, t=13.2, P<0.01). All the parameters for sagittal balance, including PI-LL (20°±8° vs 31°±8(o)), SVA ((5.3±2.0) cm vs (8.2±3.5) cm), PT (16°±6° vs 23°±4°) were all significantly improved as well (t=6.8, 4.5, 9.0, ALL P<0.01). At the last follow-up, the VAS score of low back pain (3.4±1.1 vs 6.3±1.0) and ODI scores (27.3%±3.0% vs 47.1%±5.9%) were also significantly improved (t=11.3, 17.8, both P<0.01). No major complications occurred in this group. Conclusions: Minimally invasive LLIF/OLIF can significantly improve the coronal and sagittal balance of adult degenerative scoliosis. Staged minimally invasive surgery can significantly alleviate pain and improve function in these patients.


Asunto(s)
Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Mínimamente Invasivos/métodos , Escoliosis/cirugía , Fusión Vertebral/métodos , Adulto , Anciano , China , Evaluación de la Discapacidad , Femenino , Humanos , Vértebras Lumbares , Masculino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Escoliosis/patología , Resultado del Tratamiento , Escala Visual Analógica
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18937, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000410

RESUMEN

This study is to investigate the relationship of P-selectin (Ps) gene rs1800807 and rs1800808 polymorphisms with plasma soluble P-selectin (sPs) in Han, Uygur, and Kazakh people with atrial fibrillation (AF) and thromboembolism (TE) in Xinjiang, China.A total of 778 Han patients (including 131 patients with AF and TE, 229 patients with AF and 418 healthy individuals), 660 Uygur patients (including 118 patients with AF and TE, 232 patients with AF and 310 healthy individuals), and 505 Kazakh patients (including 42 patients with AF and TE, 156 patients with AF and 307 healthy individuals) were enrolled in this study. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and direct DNA sequence analysis were used to analyze the polymorphisms of rs1800807 and rs1800808 of Ps gene. ELISA was used to determine the plasma sPs level. The association between plasma sPs levels and Ps gene polymorphisms was further analyzed.The sPs concentrations of GG genotype at rs1800807 locus in the Han, Uygur and Kazakh ethnic groups in Xinjiang, China were significantly higher than those of the CC genotype and CG genotype (P < .05). In the rs1800808 locus, plasma sPs concentrations of the heterozygous mutant CT genotypes in Han and Uygur populations were significantly higher than those in the CC and TT genotypes, whereas the plasma sPs concentrations in Kazakh TT genotypes were significantly higher than those in the CC and CT genotypes (P < .05). Among different ethnic groups, there were significant differences in sPs levels of rs1800807 and rs1800808 genotypes (P < .05).Plasma sPs concentrations are associated with Ps genotypes and sPs concentration of the same genotype shows racial differences.


Asunto(s)
Fibrilación Atrial/sangre , Fibrilación Atrial/genética , Selectina-P/sangre , Selectina-P/genética , Tromboembolia/sangre , Tromboembolia/genética , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Asiática/genética , Fibrilación Atrial/complicaciones , Fibrilación Atrial/etnología , Biomarcadores/sangre , China , Femenino , Estudios de Asociación Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Polimorfismo Genético , Tromboembolia/complicaciones , Tromboembolia/etnología
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18975, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000428

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) was the second most fatal autosomal recessive hereditary disease in clinic. There had been no detailed study to characterize the prevalence of SMA carrier among people in China. So, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to obtain a reliable estimation of the prevalence of SMA carrier to characterize its epidemiology for the first time. METHODS: We systematically searched for articles in kinds of important electronic databases, including PubMed, Embase, Wanfang Database and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) to identify all relevant literatures about carrier rates of SMA in China. The prevalence was performed by forest plot choosing random effect models. The publication bias was evaluated by means of funnel plots and Egger test. The sensitivity analysis was carried out by the method of omitting any literature at a time. Combined with the results of subgroup analysis, the source of heterogeneity was also discussed absolutely. RESULTS: A total of 10 studies published between 2005 and 2016 were included in our analysis at last. The sample size ranged from 264 to 107,611 in included studies. The random effect models of meta-analysis showed that the overall carrier rate of SMA was 2.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.7%-2.3%) in a heterogeneous set of studies (I = 64%). There was a gradual rise trend observed in the SMA carrier rate during the study period. The funnel plots and Egger test (Coef = 0.02, t = -0.45, P = .667 > .05) showed no obvious potential risk of publication bias. CONCLUSION: The overall carrying rate of SMA was high as 2.0% and may be on a slow upward trend. So it was recommended that the countries should take active and effective measures to roll out routine prenatal screening and health genetic counseling for SMA as early as possible. What is more, further studies also need to be conducted to explore the etiology and epidemic factors of SMA to better control the risk of this common birth defect.


Asunto(s)
Heterocigoto , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/epidemiología , Atrofia Muscular Espinal/genética , China/epidemiología , Humanos , Prevalencia
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18977, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000429

RESUMEN

To address the remaining medical misconducts after the zero-makeup drug policy (ZMDP), e.g., over-examinations, China has given the priority to government supervision on medical institutions. This study evaluated the effect of government supervision on medical costs among inpatients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Sichuan province, the first province in China where the medical supervision was conducted.A linear interrupted time series (ITS) model was employed to analyze data about 72,113 inpatients from 32 hospitals. Monthly average medicine costs, diagnostic costs, and medical services costs, nursing costs from January 2015 to June 2018 were analyzed, respectively.The average hospitalization costs fell with a monthly trend of 42.90Yuan before the implementation of supervision (P < .001), and the declining trend remained with the more dramatic rate (-158.70Yuan, P < .001) after the government audit carried out. For western medicine costs, the monthly decreasing trend remained after the implementation of supervision (-66.44Yuan, P < .001); meanwhile, the monthly upward trend was changed into a downtrend trend for traditional Chinese medicine costs (-11.80Yuan, P = .009). Additionally, the increasing monthly trend in average diagnostics costs disappeared after government supervision, and was inversed to an insignificant decreasing trend at the rate of 26.18Yuan per month. Moreover, the previous upward trends were changed into downward trends for both medical service costs and nursing costs (P = .056, -44.71Yuan; P = .007, -11.17Yuan, respectively) after the supervision carried out.Our findings reveal that government supervision in Sichuan province was applicable to curb the growth of medical costs for inpatients with COPD, which may reflect its role in restraining physicians' compensating behaviors after the ZMDP. The government medical supervision holds promise to dismiss medical misconducts in Sichuan province, the experience of which may offer implications for other regions of China as well as other low- and middle-income countries.


Asunto(s)
Regulación Gubernamental , Hospitalización/economía , Pacientes Internos/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica/economía , Garantía de la Calidad de Atención de Salud , Anciano , China , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e19023, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000447

RESUMEN

In the present study, the performance of anthropometric parameters, lipid and glucose indexes, and the combination of anthropometric parameters with the TyG (triglycerides × fasting plasma glucose) metabolic index, was compared in detecting insulin resistance (IR) to evaluate the optimal cut-off points in nondiabetic Chinese individuals. A total of 1067 nondiabetics underwent oral glucose tolerance test, blood lipid, and fasting insulin measurements. The clinical usefulness of various parameters- body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), TyG, triglycerides/ high density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio, and TyG with adiposity status (TyG-BMI [TyG × BMI] and TyG-WC)-was analyzed to identify IR. Spearman correlation and receiver-operating characteristic curve analyses were used to compare the predictive efficacy of different indicators. All indicators showed a positive correlation with IR in both normal glucose and all subjects. However, the correlation between BMI and homeostasis model assessment of IR index was higher than other indicators as assessed by Spearman correlation test (P < .05). Furthermore, BMI and TyG-BMI were better indicators than others as determined by comparing the area under the receiver-operating characteristics curves (P < .05) in detecting IR. BMI is a simple and accurate measure for detecting IR in Chinese subjects. The 27 kg/m threshold was the optimal BMI cut-off point for detecting IR in both normal glucose and all glucose categories subjects.


Asunto(s)
Resistencia a la Insulina , Antropometría , Glucemia/análisis , China , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Prueba de Tolerancia a la Glucosa , Humanos , Lípidos/sangre , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad
11.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(1): 47-53, 2020 Jan 24.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008295

RESUMEN

Objective: To identify the incidence of hypertension, overweight/obesity in middle-aged population in China, and explore their impact on cardiovascular events. Methods: From 2009 to 2010, 12 areas were sampled in China, and about 1 000 subjects aged 35 - 64 from each area were enrolled to collect the basic information, physical examination and blood tests were also performed. From 2016 to 2017, data from 8 835 subjects, who completed the 6 years follow-up, were analyzed.Blood pressure and body mass index(BMI) at both baseline and the follow-up, as well as incidence of hypertension, overweight and obesity, were calculated. Cox proportional hazard model was used to investigate the impacts of hypertension, overweight and obesity on cardiovascular events after adjusting confounders. Results: At the end of follow-up, both BMI and systolic and diastolic blood pressure increased significantly compared with the baseline levels (all P<0.001). The cumulative incidence of hypertension, overweight and obesity within 6 years was 39.3%(1 146/2 918), 11.5%(406/3 544) and 4.3%(302/7 025), respectively. Compared with subjects with both normal BMI and blood pressure, people with overweight, obesity, hypertension, overweight with hypertension, and obesity with hypertension faced significantly increased risk of cardiovascular disease (HRs (95%CIs) were 2.394(1.130-5.073), 3.341(1.454-7.674), 6.047(2.978-12.279), 5.808(2.924-11.539) and 8.716(4.391-17.302), respectively, all P<0.05), after adjusting for other confounders. Conclusions: The incidence of overweight, obesity, and hypertension is high in middle-aged people in China. Overweight, obesity and hypertension are associated with significantly increased risk of cardiovascular events during the 6 years follow up.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Hipertensión , Adulto , Índice de Masa Corporal , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/etiología , China , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Hipertensión/complicaciones , Incidencia , Persona de Mediana Edad , Obesidad/complicaciones , Sobrepeso/complicaciones , Factores de Riesgo
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18438, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000356

RESUMEN

Burkitt lymphoma (BL), an aggressive malignancy, brings a prognosis varying among children, adolescents, and adults. Most of previous retrospective studies of BL focused on a part of population. This study aimed to find the leading prognostic factors in BL among patients of different age groups. World Health Organization classification of lymphoid neoplasms in 2008 and revision in 2016 were used as diagnostic criteria for BL. We compared the laboratory results and clinical manifestations in 2 age groups by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. Our study strongly indicated that age >14 years and lactate dehydrogenase >570 U/L were 2 powerful prognostic factors for BL. The results indicated that poor prognosis may be for the poor tolerance and low dose of drugs in adolescents and adults.


Asunto(s)
Linfoma de Burkitt/mortalidad , Adolescente , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Niño , Preescolar , China/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Adulto Joven
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18531, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000361

RESUMEN

The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence of low-energy fracture of wrist, hip, and spine and the related risk factors in Chinese populations 50 years or older.This study was a part of the Chinese National Fracture Survey (CNFS) carried out in 8 Chinese provinces in 2015. Data on 154,099 Chinese men and women 50 years or older were extracted from the CNFS database for calculations and analyses. Low-energy fracture was defined as fracture caused by slip, trip, or falls from standing height.A total of 247 patients sustained low-energy fractures in 2014, indicating the incidence rate was 160.3/100,000 person-years, with 120.0 [95% confidence interval (CI), 95.5-144.5] and 213.1(95% CI, 180.7-245.6)/100,000 person-years in men and women, respectively. In men, advanced age, alcohol consumption, residence at second floor or above without elevator, sleep duration <7 h/day, and history of past fracture were identified to be significant risk factors for low-energy fractures. In women, advanced age, living in east region, higher latitude zone (40°N -49.9°N), alcohol consumption, more births, sleep duration <7 h/day, and history of past fracture were identified as significant risk factors. Supplementation of calcium or vitamin D or both was identified to be associated with reduced risk of fracture in women (odds ratio, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.20-0.75), but not in men.These epidemiologic data on low-energy fractures provided updated clinical evidence base for national healthcare planning and preventive efforts in China. Corresponding interventions such as decreasing alcohol consumption and sleep improvement should clearly be implemented. For women, especially those with more births and past history of fracture, routine screening of osteoporosis, and intensive nourishment since menopause should be advocated.


Asunto(s)
Fracturas de Cadera/epidemiología , Fracturas de la Columna Vertebral/epidemiología , Traumatismos de la Muñeca/epidemiología , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , China/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18666, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000373

RESUMEN

Ovarian cancer has the highest mortality among gynecological cancers. Although ovarian cancer usually responds well to chemotherapy, most patients still have a poor prognosis. EIF2B5 is a crucial molecule in posttranscriptional modifications involved in tumor progression, and here we investigated the prognostic role of EIF2B5 in ovarian cancer. We examined the differential expression of EIF2B5 mRNA in ovarian cancer by exploring The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. The chi square test was used to identify a clinical correlation. Survival analysis and Cox regression model were performed to determine the association between EIF2B5 expression and overall survival (OS) in ovarian cancer patients. As a result, Low EIF2B5 expression was found in ovarian cancer tissues and correlated with survival status. Survival analysis showed that ovarian cancer patients with low EIF2B5 expression had a short OS. Moreover, Cox regression analysis indicated that low EIF2B5 expression was an independent risk factor for a poor prognosis in ovarian cancer. Additionally, according to gene set enrichment analysis, mesenchymal transition, angiogenesis, coagulation, and bile acid metabolism were differentially enriched in ovarian cancer with high EIF2B5 expression. In conclusion, Low EIF2B5 expression is an independent risk factor for a poor prognosis in ovarian cancer patients.


Asunto(s)
Factor 2B Eucariótico de Iniciación/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ováricas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores de Tumor/metabolismo , China/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias Ováricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ováricas/mortalidad , Pronóstico
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(3): 197-201, 2020 Jan 21.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008286

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the efficacy, adverse reactions, feasibility, and acceptability of transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) treating drug-naive adult patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), and provide basis for further study with a large sample. Methods: The study was performed in the Neuromodulation laboratory, Department of Neurology of Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University (Beijing, China) from July, 2017 to June, 2018. Thirty Eligible first-episode MDD outpatients were randomized 1∶1 to receive active tACS or sham intervention. The tACS was administered in a 40 minute, 77.5 Hz frequency, 15 mA session with one forehead (Fp1, Fpz, and Fp2, in the 10/20 international placement system, 4.45 cm×9.53 cm) and two mastoid (3.18 cm×3.81 cm) stimulation for 20 times in 4 consecutive weeks at fixed day time frame once daily from Monday through Friday, with weekends off (week 4), followed by 4 weeks with no tACS treatment (week 8). By utilizing the Hamilton rating scale for depression-17 item (HRSD-17) to assess the depressive severity of MDD patients, adverse events were administered by the treatment-emergent adverse events, the Young mania rating scale, and the self-made common questionnaire on cranial electrical stimulation. The primary efficacy outcome was the remission rate defined as HRSD-17 score ≤7 at week 8. Secondary outcomes included the rates of remission at week 4 and response at weeks 4 and 8. Safety was assessed by evaluation of adverse events. Also the proportions of participants accepting the intervention and this study procedure were evaluated at weeks 4 and 8. Results: Thirty MDD patients completed the study, and both groups had no statistical differences on their demographic characteristics (P>0.05). At week 8, the active group had a remission rate of 10/15, which was higher than 3/15 in the sham group (P<0.05). Also, the remission rate (14/15) in the active group was higher than 5/15 of the sham group at week 4 (P<0.05). For the response rates, significant differences were found between groups at week 8. For safety, both groups showed no severe adverse events and no mania/hypomania. One participant per group had 2 times of tinnitus cerebri during the intervention days. All patients accepted the intervention and the study procedure. Conclusions: The pilot study indicated that tACS with 77.5 Hz and 15 mA may have a therapeutic effect on depressive symptoms. It is well-tolerated and safe, as well as feasible and acceptable for adults with MDD.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno Depresivo Mayor , Estimulación Transcraneal de Corriente Directa , Adulto , China , Trastorno Depresivo Mayor/terapia , Método Doble Ciego , Humanos , Proyectos Piloto , Resultado del Tratamiento
17.
Epidemiol Health ; 42: e2020006, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023775

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) from Wuhan, China is currently recognized as a public health emergency of global concern. METHODS: We reviewed the currently available literature to provide up-to-date guidance on control measures to be implemented by public health authorities. RESULTS: Some of the epidemiological characteristics of 2019-nCoV have been identified. However, there remain considerable uncertainties, which should be considered when providing guidance to public health authorities on control measures. CONCLUSIONS: Additional studies incorporating more detailed information from confirmed cases would be valuable.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus/aislamiento & purificación , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/virología , China/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Urgencias Médicas , Salud Global , Humanos , Salud Pública
18.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(1): 1-4, 2020 Jan 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023710

RESUMEN

Based on the spirit of the regulations about diagnosis and treatment of chronic skin wounds just issued by National Health Commission, we systematically review the history of the construction of wound repair department in China and discuss the opportunities and challenges faced by the construction of wound repair department in China. We emphasize on seizing historical opportunities and grasping the development direction of the discipline with the original mind and mission to build a well-developed wound repair department in China, so as to benefit the majority of patients.


Asunto(s)
Cicatrización de Heridas , China , Humanos
19.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(1): 14-23, 2020 Jan 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023713

RESUMEN

Objective: To isolate a bacteriophage against pan-drug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in a burn patient, and to study its biological characteristics, genomic information, and effects on bacterial biofilm. Methods: (1) In 2018, pan-drug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae UA168 (hereinafter referred to as the host bacteria) solution isolated from the blood of a burn patient in Ruijin Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (hereinafter referred to as Ruijin Hospital) was used to isolate and purify the bacteriophage against pan-drug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae from the sewage of Ruijin Hospital with sewage co-culture method, drip plate method, and double-agar plate method. The bacteriophage was named as phage KP168 and the plaque morphology was observed. (2) The phage KP168 solution was taken for cesium chloride density gradient centrifugation and dialysis, and then the morphology of phage KP168 was observed through transmission electron microscope after phosphotungstic acid negative staining. (3) The phage KP168 solution was taken to determine the lytic ability of the phage KP168 against 20 strains of pan-drug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from the burned patients' blood in Ruijin Hospital by the drip plate method, and then the lysis rate was calculated. (4) The phage KP168 solution at a initial titer of 9.3×10(11) plaque-forming unit (PFU)/mL (400 µL per tube) and the host bacteria solution at a concentration of 1×10(9) colony-forming unit (CFU)/mL (4 mL per tube) were conventionally shaking cultured together for 4 hours at multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 10.000, 1.000, 0.100, 0.010, or 0.001, respectively (1 tube per MOI). The titer of phage KP168 was measured by the double-agar plate method (the measurement method was the same below) to select the optimal MOI. The experiment was repeated three times. (5) The host bacteria solution at a concentration of 1×10(9) CFU/mL (4 mL per tube) and the phage KP168 solution at an adjusted titer of 5×10(7) PFU/mL (400 µL per tube) were mixed at the MOI of 0.005. The plaques were counted 0 (immediately), 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 15, and 30 minutes (1 tube at each time point) after mixing by the double-agar plate method (the counting method was the same below), and the percentage of adsorbed phages was calculated to screen for the optimal adsorption time. The experiment was repeated three times. (6) The host bacteria solution at a concentration of 1×10(9) CFU/mL (300 µL per tube) and the phage KP168 solution at a titer of 5×10(8) PFU/mL (60 µL per tube) were mixed at MOI of 0.005 and conventionally shaking cultured after standing for the optimal adsorption time. The phage KP168 titer was measured 0 (immediately), 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, and 100 minutes after culture, and a one-step growth curve was drawn. The experiment was repeated three times. (7) The phage KP168 solution at a titer of 2.5×10(10) PFU/mL was left to stand for 1 hour at 37, 40, 50, 60, or 70 ℃ (3 tubes at each time point, 1 mL per tube) for counting the plaques, and then the thermal stability curve was drawn. SM buffer at a pH values of 5.0, 6.0, 7.0, 7.4, 8.0, 9.0, or 10.0 were added to the phage KP168 solution at a titer of 3.0×10(10) PFU/mL, respectively. The mixed solution was left to stand for 1 hour at 37 ℃ (3 tubes of each pH, each tube containing 100 µL phage KP168 solution and 900 µL SM buffer), and then the plaques were counted, and an acid-base stability curve was drawn. (8) The phage KP168 solution was taken for DNA extraction and sequencing after dialysis as in experiment (2). The whole genome was annotated with Prokka to obtain the coding sequence of phage KP168. Nucleotide's BLAST function was used to proceed nucleic acid sequence alignment for finding a known phage with the highest similarity to the phage KP168 nucleic acid sequence, and Blastx function was used to translate the coding sequence into protein for its function prediction. The comparison with Antibiotic Resistance Genes Database and Virulence Factors Database was proceeded. (9) In a 96-well plate, at a MOI of 1.000, 0.100, 0.010 or 0.001 (3 wells per MOI), 20 µL phage KP168 solution at a initial titer of 5.8×10(10) PFU/mL was added to 200 µL host bacteria solution at a concentration of 1.5×10(8) CFU/mL (the same concentration below) for co-cultivation for 48 hours. After 200 µL host bacteria solution was left to stand for 48 hours, 20 µL phage KP168 solution at a titer of 1×10(6,) 1×10(7,) 1×10(8,) 1×10(9,) or 1×10(10) PFU/mL (3 wells per titer) was added respectively for action for 4 hours. In both experiments, 200 µL host bacteria solution added with 20 µL SM buffer (3 wells) acted as a negative control, and 220 µL LB culture medium (3 wells) acted as a blank control. Absorbance values were measured by a microplate reader, and inhibition/destruction rates of biofilm were calculated. The experiments were both repeated three times. Results: (1) The plaques of phage KP168 successfully isolated and purified were transparent and round, and its diameter was approximately 1.5 mm. (2) The phage KP168 has a regular polyhedron structure with a diameter of about 50 nm and without a tail. (3) The phage KP168 could lyse 13 of 20 strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae from burned patients, with a lysis rate of 65.0%. (4) When MOI was 1.000, the titer was the highest after co-culturing the phage KP168 with the host bacteria for 4 hours, which was the optimal MOI. (5) After the mixing of the phage KP168 with the host bacteria for 4 minutes, the percentage of the adsorbed phage reached the highest, which was the optimal adsorption time. (6) The one-step growth curve showed that during the lysis of the host bacteria by phage KP168, the incubation period was about 10 minutes, and the lysis period was about 40 minutes. (7) With the condition of 40 ℃ or pH 7.4, the number of plaques and the activity of phage KP168 reached the highest. (8) The genome of phage KP168 was a linear double-stranded DNA with a length of 40 114 bp. There were 48 possible coding sequences. It had the highest similarity to Klebsiella phage_vB_Kp1. The most similar known proteins corresponding to the translated proteins of coding sequences contained 23 hypothetical proteins and 25 proteins with known functions. No resistance genes or virulence factor genes were found. The GeneBank accession number was KT367885. (9) After 48 hours of co-cultivation of the phage KP168 and the host bacteria at each MOI, the inhibition rates of biofilm were similar, with an average of about 45%. After the phage KP168 with a titer of 1×10(9) PFU/mL acted on the biofilm formed by the host bacteria for 4 h, the destruction rate of biofilm was the highest, reaching an average of 42%. Conclusions: In this study, a bacteriophage against pan-drug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae from a burn patient, phage KP168, is isolated from sewage, which belongs to the tailless phage. It has a wide host spectrum, short adsorption time, and short incubation period, with certain thermal and acid-base stability. Its genomic information is clear, and it does not contain resistance genes or virulence factor genes. It also has an inhibitory effect on the formation of bacterial biofilm and a destructive effect on the formed bacterial biofilm.


Asunto(s)
Bacteriófagos , Quemaduras , Biopelículas , China , Genómica , Humanos , Klebsiella pneumoniae
20.
Life Sci ; 244: 117333, 2020 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31962132

RESUMEN

AIMS: Detect the antiarrhythmic effect of crotonoside (Cro). MAIN METHODS: We used whole-cell patch-clamp techniques to detect the effects of Cro on action potentials (APs) and transmembrane ion currents in isolated rabbit left ventricular myocytes. We also verified the effect of Cro on ventricular arrhythmias caused by aconitine in vivo. KEY FINDINGS: Cro reduced the maximum depolarization velocity (Vmax) of APs and shortened the action potential duration (APD) in a concentration-dependent manner, but it had no significant effect on the resting membrane potential (RMP) or action potential amplitude (APA). It also inhibited the peak sodium current (INa) and L-type calcium current (ICaL) in a concentration-dependent manner with half-maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) of 192 µmol/L and 159 µmol/L, respectively. However, Cro had no significant effects on the inward rectifier potassium current (IK1) or rapidly activating delayed rectifier potassium current (IKr). Sea anemone toxin II (ATX II) increased the late sodium current (INaL), but Cro abolished this effect. Moreover, Cro significantly abolished ATX II-induced early afterdepolarizations (EADs) and high extracellular Ca2+ concentration (3.6 mmol/L)-induced delayed afterdepolarizations (DADs). We also verified that Cro effectively delayed the onset time and reduced the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias caused by aconitine in vivo. SIGNIFICANCE: These results revealed that Cro effectively inhibits INa, INaL, and ICaL in ventricular myocytes. Cro has antiarrhythmic potential and thus deserves further study.


Asunto(s)
Guanina/farmacología , Miocitos Cardíacos/efectos de los fármacos , Potenciales de Acción/efectos de los fármacos , Animales , Antiarrítmicos/metabolismo , Antiarrítmicos/farmacología , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatología , Calcio/metabolismo , Canales de Calcio/efectos de los fármacos , China , Femenino , Guanina/metabolismo , Ventrículos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Técnicas de Placa-Clamp/métodos , Conejos , Sodio/metabolismo , Canales de Sodio/efectos de los fármacos
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA