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1.
J Environ Manage ; 302(Pt B): 114095, 2022 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775333

RESUMEN

Microalgae are one of the promising sources for renewable energy production, and the light intensity variation can affect the biofuel generation and carbon assimilation of mixotrophic microalgae. To reveal the response of carbon assimilation to light intensity, the effect of light intensity on the carbon source metabolism of Chlorella vulgaris under mixotrophic cultivation was investigated in this study. Moreover, the optimal carbon source composition for mixotrophic microalgae cultivation was evaluated using bicarbonate (HCO3-) and carbonate (CO32-) as inorganic carbon sources, and glucose and acetate as organic carbon sources. The optimal light intensity for Chlorella vulgaris growth was at the range of 8000-12000 lux. For the accumulation of biochemical components, low light intensity was beneficial to protein accumulation, and high light intensity was advantageous for carbohydrate and lipid accumulation. With HCO3- and glucose, the maximum lipid content reached 37.0% at a light intensity of 12000 lux. The citrate synthase activity was negatively correlated with light intensity, showing an opposite trend to biomass production. High light intensity had a positive impact on Rubisco expression, which promoted the microalgae growth and carbon fixing. The energy produced by heterotrophic metabolic activities increased at low light intensity, and the enhancement of biomass production with high light intensity was mainly caused by the improved photoreaction efficiency during the mixotrophic cultivation.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Microalgas , Biomasa , Carbono , Procesos Heterotróficos
2.
J Biotechnol ; 343: 120-127, 2022 Jan 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34896159

RESUMEN

Co-culture of microalgae and microorganisms, supported with the resulting synergistic effects, can be used for wastewater treatment, biomass production, agricultural applications and etc. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the role of Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis) in tolerance against the harsh environment of seafood wastewater, at which these microalgal-bacterial flocs were formed by microalgae cultivation. In this present study, B. subtilis isolated from the cultivation medium of Chlorella vulgaris and exposed to different salinity (0.1-4% w/v sodium chloride) and various pH range to determine the tolerant ability and biofilm formation. Interestingly, this bacteria strain that isolated from microalgae cultivation medium showed the intense viability in the salt concentration exceeding up to 4% (w/v) NaCl but demonstrated the decrease in cell division as environmental culture undergoing over pH 10. Cell viability was recorded higher than 71% and 92% for B. subtilis inoculum in media with salt concentration greater than 20 gL-1 and external pH 6.5-9, respectively. This showed that B. subtilis isolated from microalgal-bacteria cocultivation exhibited its tolerant ability to survive in the extremely harsh conditions and thus, mitigating the stresses due to salinity and pH.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Microalgas , Microbiota , Bacillus subtilis , Biomasa , Aguas Residuales
3.
J Environ Manage ; 301: 113865, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597951

RESUMEN

Chlorella vulgaris (C. vulgaris) has attracted widespread attention because of its ability to absorb, enrich, and degrade typical endocrine-disrupting antibiotics (such as levofloxacin) in aquaculture wastewater. However, microplastic pollution in wastewater, which is becoming an increasingly severe problem, will exert a toxic effect on aquatic organisms (such as C. vulgaris and other microalgae). Polystyrene microplastics (PS-MPs), which are commonly found in freshwater aquaculture wastewater, are the most harmful. Therefore, clarifying the effects of PS-MPs on the ability of C. vulgaris to degrade typical endocrine-disrupting antibiotics in freshwater aquaculture wastewater and determining the mechanism of the effect are particularly important. The results of this study showed that under the stress of PS-MPs, the growth of C. vulgaris was significantly inhibited; the EPS-polysaccharide content per algal cell, EPS adsorption, intracellular enrichment and degradation of levofloxacin, total CYP450 content, and total CYP450 activity all decreased; and the relative expression of key genes related to the metabolic activity of algal cells, such as psbA, psaB, and rbcL, was generally downregulated. PS-MPs mainly affected the removal of a typical endocrine-disrupting antibiotic by C. vulgaris by altering adsorption, enrichment, and enzyme degradation. The results provide a reference for research on the impact of microplastic pollution on the treatment of freshwater aquaculture wastewater.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Microalgas , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Acuicultura , Agua Dulce , Levofloxacino , Microplásticos , Plásticos , Poliestirenos , Aguas Residuales , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/análisis
4.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126089, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624471

RESUMEN

The 4-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is important to produce bio-nylon 4 in biorefineries. First, a glutamate decarboxylase (GAD) was propagated in three different Escherichia coli strains to achieve 100% conversion from 1 M monosodium glutamate after optimization of the process. To make the process greener and more efficient, in situ CO2 adaptation and citrate feeding strategies to maintain the optimal pH value and 498 g/L of GABA was obtained. However, the process releases the equivalent amount of CO2. Therefore, CO2 generated from GABA production was completely sequestered in sodium hydroxide to form bicarbonate and applied in a coupling culture of Chlorella sorokiniana (CS) or Chlorella vulgaris (CV) to increase the biomass when combined with sodium bicarbonate and carbonic anhydrase. Further improvement of 1.65-fold biomass and 1.43-fold lipid content were occurred when supplying GABA to the culture. This integrative process provided the highest GABA production rate without CO2 release, forming an eco-friendly and carbon-neutral technology.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Microalgas , Biomasa , Carbono , Ácido gamma-Aminobutírico
5.
Bioresour Technol ; 344(Pt B): 126227, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743995

RESUMEN

Fungal pellet is an emerging material to collect oleaginous microalgae, but rare studies have noticed that harvested water is available resource for the next round of cultivation. To systematically optimize regrowth performances of microalgae Chlorella vulgaris, separated water after harvesting by fungi Aspergillus oryzae was prepared under different N/P ratios. The results showed that chlorophylls and enzymes were significantly affected by the proportion of N and P. Although nutrient deficiency was functioned as a stress factor to restrict carbohydrate and protein synthesis, lipid content was obviously increased by 12.69%. The percentage of saturated fatty acids associated with oxidation stability increased, while this part in fresh wastewater accounted for only 36.96%. The favorable biomass concentration (1.37 g/L) with the highest lipid yield (0.42 g/L) appeared in N/P of 6:1. More strikingly, suitable conditions could save 52.4% of cultivation costs. These experiments confirmed that reusing bioflocculated water could be effectively utilized for biodiesel production.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Microalgas , Biocombustibles , Biomasa , Hongos , Nutrientes , Aguas Residuales , Agua
6.
Bioresour Technol ; 344(Pt B): 126279, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34752889

RESUMEN

The co-pyrolysis characteristics and product yield of Chlorella vulgaris (CV) and polypropylene (PP) under different mixing ratios (10:0, 8:2, 6:4, 5:5, 4:6, 2:8 and 0:10) were studied by microwave oven. Then the effects of different graphite (GP) additions (10%, 20%, 30% and 40%) on the optimum mixing ratio of CV and PP were investigated. The composition of bio-oil was analyzed by GC-MS. The results indicated that the C8P2 (CV/PP = 8:2) group had the best pyrolysis characteristics. The maximum weight loss rate (Rm) and average weight loss rate (Rv) of the C8P2 with 30% GP addition achieved the peak value. In the absence of GP, compared with C10P0 group, the contents of nitrogen compounds in bio-oil of the C8P2 group decreased by 21.58%. After adding GP to the C8P2 group, the nitrogen compounds in bio-oil of 30% GP group was 1.93% lower than that in 0% GP group.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Biocombustibles , Calor , Microondas , Polipropilenos , Pirólisis
7.
Food Chem ; 368: 130770, 2022 Jan 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399181

RESUMEN

Amino acids and sulfonic acid derivatives (Taurine-Tau; Hypotaurine-HypTau; Homotaurine-HTau) of 26 different species of commercial macroalgae, microalgae and 10 algae-enriched food products from the market were quantified in a single chromatographic run. Tau and analogues were predominantly distributed in red species followed by green and brown species. Palmaria palmata, Gracilaria longissima and Porphyra sp. were the species with the highest content of Tau and total sulfonic acid derivatives (TAD). Notwithstanding, relatively high concentrations of HTau were found in green algae Ulva lactuca and G. vermicullophyla as well as in the brown algae Undaria pinnatifida. HTau and HypTau were found at lower concentrations than Tau in all species, except in Ulva lactuca. The samples with the highest protein content were the green species Chlorella vulgaris, Nannochloropsis, and Afanizomenon-flos aquae, followed by the red algae Gracilaria longissima and Gracilaria vermicullophyla. Samples of pasta formulated with algae ingredients contained the highest levels of sulfonic acid derivatives, evidencing that these products can provide levels of TAD comparable to those found in foods of animal origin. This study provides, for the first time, quantitative information regarding the distribution of sulfonic acid derivatives and total amino acids in multiple algae species as well as the nutritional impact of the inclusion of algae ingredients in commercial food matrices.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Microalgas , Rhodophyta , Algas Marinas , Aminoácidos , Animales , Alimentos Fortificados , Taurina/análogos & derivados
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 149878, 2022 Jan 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34508933

RESUMEN

The removal of 18 bisphenols at wastewater relevant concentrations (µg L-1 range) was investigated and compared between Chlorella vulgaris cultures with pH adjusted to 6.8 and pH non-adjusted cultures where pH raised to above 10. Bisphenols with a high partition coefficient (log P > 6) partitioned to biomass soon after spiking, whereas bisphenols with a low partition coefficient (log P < 4) remained largely in the aqueous phase. Hydrophobic bisphenols and BPF isomers were removed to a large degree in pH adjusted conditions, while BPS and BPAF were the most recalcitrant. The overall average removal after 13 days was similar in both experiments, with 72 ± 2% and 73 ± 5% removed in pH non-adjusted and pH adjusted series, respectively. The removal correlated with chlorophyll a concentration for most bisphenols meaning that algae played a crucial role in their removal, while culture pH also governed the removal of some compounds.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Microalgas , Biomasa , Reactores Biológicos , Clorofila A , Aguas Residuales/análisis
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 802: 149988, 2022 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525699

RESUMEN

Microalgae such Chlorella vulgaris can effectively absorb nitrate and phosphate from contaminated water. This work characterized nitrate and phosphate removal from simulated agricultural runoff using C. vulgaris. Statistically designed experiments were used to model the following responses: (1) algal growth; (2) nitrate removal; (3) phosphate removal; (4) protein in the algal biomass; (5) chlorophyll content of the biomass; (6) the biomass phenolics content; and (7) the free radical scavenging antioxidant activity of the biomass. These response were modelled for the following key experimental factors: initial nitrate concentration in the simulated runoff (1080-3240 mg L-1, as NaNO3), initial phosphate concentration (20-60 mg L-1, as K2HPO4), photoperiod (8-24 h of light/day) and culture duration (5-15 days). The validated models were used to identify the factor levels to maximize the various responses. Nitrate removal was maximized at 85.6% when initial nitrate and phosphate concentrations were 2322 mg L-1 and 38 mg L-1 (N:P atom ratio ≈ 125:1), respectively, with a 17.2 h daily photoperiod in a 13-day culture. Phosphate removal was maximized at 95% when the initial nitrate and phosphate concentrations were 1402 mg L-1 and 56.7 mg L-1 (N:P ≈ 51:1), respectively, with a 15.7 h daily photoperiod in a 14.7-day culture. At least ~14 h of a daily photoperiod and a ~11-day culture period were required to maximize all the studied responses. C. vulgaris is edible and may be used as animal feed. Nutritional aspects of the biomass were characterized. Biomass with more than 24% protein could be produced. Under the best conditions, the chlorophyll (potential food colorants) content of the biomass was 8.5% and the maximum level of total phenolics (antioxidants) in the biomass was nearly 13 mg gallic acid equivalent g-1.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Microalgas , Biomasa , Nitratos , Fosfatos , Aguas Residuales , Agua
10.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 2): 150560, 2022 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607099

RESUMEN

Better performances of cellulose-based polymers can be achieved by adjust their architecture including the density of cationic modifications. In this study, the influence of cationic substitution on the ecotoxicity of four quaternized hydroxyethyl cellulose polymers (SK-H, SK-L, SK-M, SK-MH) was studied, using an aquatic biota acute ecotoxicity classification, and rheological and physicochemical characterization. The ecotoxicity characterization was achieved by performing standard ecotoxicity assays with seven key trophic level species: Vibrio fischeri, Raphidocelis subcapitata, Chlorella vulgaris, Daphnia magna, Brachionus calyciflorus, Heterocypris incongruens, and Danio rerio. Median effective concentrations were used to compute hazard concentrations, through the species sensitive distribution curves method. The microalga C. vulgaris and rotifer B. calyciflorus were the most sensitive species to the studied polymers. The SK-H variant was highly toxic to the rotifer. Overall, variants with intermediate levels of cationic charge (SK-M, SK-MH) presented the lowest toxicity. The SK-M variant showed the lowest value of maximum acceptable concentration (0.00354 mg/L), thus being indicated as the least toxic variant. Therefore, the obtained results suggest that industry could direct the development of this type of polymers by tailoring its cationic substitution to moderate levels, in such a way that both functionality and environmental toxicity could be maximized.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua , Aliivibrio fischeri , Animales , Organismos Acuáticos , Biota , Celulosa/toxicidad , Daphnia , Polímeros/toxicidad , Contaminantes Químicos del Agua/toxicidad
11.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126086, 2022 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624468

RESUMEN

The anaerobic co-digestion (AcoD) of microalgae is a prospective option for generating biomethane from renewable sources. This study investigates the effects of inoculum-to-substrate ratio (ISR), C/N ratio and biochar (BC) load on the AcoD of Chlorella vulgaris and cellulose. An initial augmentation of BC at ISR 0.5-0.9 and C/N ratio 10-30 offered a pH buffering effect and resulted in biomethane yields of 233-241 mL CH4/g VS, corresponding to 1.8-4.6 times the controls. BC addition ameliorated significantly AcoD, supporting the digestate stability at less favourable conditions. The effect of the process variables was further studied with a 23 factorial design and response optimisation. Under the design conditions, the variables had less influence over methane production. Higher ISRs and C/N ratios favoured AcoD, whereas increasing amounts of BC reduced biomethane yield but enhanced production rate. The factorial design highlighted the importance of BC-load on AcoD, establishing an optimum of 0.58 % (w/v).


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Anaerobiosis , Biocombustibles , Reactores Biológicos , Celulosa , Carbón Orgánico , Digestión , Metano , Estudios Prospectivos
12.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 115: 25-36, 2022 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34969452

RESUMEN

High efficient removal of antibiotics during nutriments recovery for biomass production poses a major technical challenge for photosynthetic microbial biofilm-based wastewater treatment since antibiotics are always co-exist with nutriments in wastewater and resist biodegradation due to their strong biotoxicity and recalcitrance. In this study, we make a first attempt to enhance metronidazole (MNZ) removal from wastewater using electrochemistry-activated binary-species photosynthetic biofilm of Rhodopseudomonas Palustris (R. Palustris) and Chlorella vulgaris (C. vulgaris) by cultivating them under different applied potentials. The results showed that application of external potentials of -0.3, 0 and 0.2 V led to 11, 33 and 26-fold acceleration in MNZ removal, respectively, as compared to that of potential free. The extent of enhancement in MNZ removal was positively correlated to the intensities of photosynthetic current produced under different externally applied potentials. The binary-species photoelectrogenic biofilm exhibited 18 and 6-fold higher MNZ removal rate than that of single-species of C. vulgaris and R. Palustris, respectively, due to the enhanced metabolic interaction between them. Application of an external potential of 0V significantly promoted the accumulation of tryptophan and tyrosine-like compounds as well as humic acid in extracellular polymeric substance, whose concentrations were 7.4, 7.1 and 2.0-fold higher than those produced at potential free, contributing to accelerated adsorption and reductive and photosensitive degradation of MNZ.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Microalgas , Purificación del Agua , Biopelículas , Matriz Extracelular de Sustancias Poliméricas , Metronidazol/análisis , Aguas Residuales
13.
Arch Microbiol ; 204(1): 41, 2021 Dec 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34932151

RESUMEN

Chlorella vulgaris is a biomass energy provider with promising potential to help alleviate the energy crisis. Streptomyces sp. hsn06, as an actinomycete, can harvest C. vulgaris biomass safely and efficiently through flocculation activity, and proteins contribute greatly to the flocculation effect. However, potential flocculation protein-related genes are unclear. The mycelia of strain hsn06 after culture with glucose as the sole carbon source exhibited significantly higher flocculation activity as well as higher protein contents than those cultured with starch as the carbon source. To further explore the flocculation mechanism, the mycelia of strain hsn06 with distinct flocculation activities after culture with different carbon sources were examined by transcriptome analysis. We found that 403 genes were differentially up-regulated in mycelia cultured with glucose, compared to those cultured with starch as the carbon source. Five significantly differentially expressed protein-related genes were determined and confirmed by qRT-PCR, which indicated that three of the selected genes were potential flocculation-related genes. These results advance our understanding of potential flocculation-related genes during the harvesting of microalgal biomass.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Streptomyces , Biomasa , Chlorella vulgaris/genética , Floculación , Perfilación de la Expresión Génica , Streptomyces/genética
14.
Cells ; 10(12)2021 12 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34944079

RESUMEN

Using a mathematical simulation approach, we studied the dynamics of the green microalga Chlorella vulgaris phosphate metabolism response to shortage and subsequent replenishing of inorganic phosphate in the medium. A three-pool interaction model was used to describe the phosphate uptake from the medium, its incorporation into the cell organic compounds, its storage in the form of polyphosphates, and culture growth. The model comprises a system of ordinary differential equations. The distribution of phosphorous between cell pools was examined for three different stages of the experiment: growth in phosphate-rich medium, incubation in phosphate-free medium, and phosphate addition to the phosphorus-starving culture. Mathematical modeling offers two possible scenarios for the appearance of the peak of polyphosphates (PolyP). The first scenario explains the accumulation of PolyP by activation of the processes of its synthesis, and the decline in PolyP is due to its redistribution between dividing cells during growth. The second scenario includes a hysteretic mechanism for the regulation of PolyP hydrolysis, depending on the intracellular content of inorganic phosphate. The new model of the dynamics of P pools in the cell allows one to better understand the phenomena taking place during P starvation and re-feeding of the P-starved microalgal cultures with inorganic phosphate such as transient PolyP accumulation. Biotechnological implications of the observed dynamics of the polyphosphate pool of the microalgal cell are considered. An approach enhancing the microalgae-based wastewater treatment method based on these scenarios is proposed.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris/metabolismo , Fosfatos/metabolismo , Fósforo/deficiencia , Fósforo/farmacología , Recuento de Células , Células Cultivadas , Chlorella vulgaris/efectos de los fármacos , Chlorella vulgaris/crecimiento & desarrollo , Microalgas/efectos de los fármacos , Microalgas/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Polifosfatos/metabolismo
15.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 105(23): 8689-8701, 2021 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724082

RESUMEN

An efficient use of light is essential to achieve good performances in microalgae cultivation systems. This can be challenging particularly under solar conditions where light is highly dynamic (e.g., day/night cycles, rapid changes in wind and weather conditions). Microalgae display different mechanisms to optimize light use efficiency. In the short term, when high light is encountered, several processes of photoprotection can be involved to avoid cell damages (e.g., xanthophyll cycle). In the long term, when cells are exposed to a different light intensity, pigment content changes, i.e., photoacclimation. The purpose of this study is to investigate the photosynthetic response of Chlorella vulgaris cultures grown in closed lab-scale, torus-shape photobioreactor under well-controlled light conditions, namely, constant and dynamic light transitions. Experiments were conducted in continuous mode with detailed characterization of the light attenuation conditions for each condition, as represented by the mean rate of photon absorption (MRPA), so as to characterize the time responses of the photosynthetic cells toward light changes. This enables to observe short-term and long-term responses with their own characteristic times. The mechanisms involved were found to be different between increasing and decreasing light transitions. Furthermore the MRPA was found a valuable parameter to relate the effect of light to biological responses (i.e., pigment changes) under constant light and dynamic light conditions.Key points• MRPA proved valuable to relate C. vulgaris responses to light changes.• A linear evolution was found between pigment content and MRPA in continuous light.• A rising PFD step induced fast protection and acclimation mechanisms.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Microalgas , Fotobiorreactores , Fotosíntesis
16.
Waste Manag ; 136: 266-272, 2021 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34717214

RESUMEN

The recovery of high added value compound from waste stream is fundamental to keep biotechnological processes sustainable. In this study, anaerobic digestion of two highly produced organic waste was integrated with microalgae-based processes both to treat liquid digestate and recover high value compounds. Chlorella vulgaris growth was assessed for lipids accumulation and subsequent recovery, using two types of digestate: organic waste and sewage sludge digestate (DIG-OFMSW) and wine lees digestate (DIG-WL). Growth tests were carried out in batch mode and results showed a slightly higher final biomass concentration from DIG-WL (1.36 ± 0.09 g l-1) compared to DIG-OFMSW (1.05 ± 0.13 g l-1) and a clearly different lipids accumulation yield (28.86 ± 0.05% in DIG-WL compared to 6.1 ± 0.2% of DIG-OFMSW, on total solids). Lipid characterization showed a high oleic acid accumulation (69.52 ± 0.50%w/w in DIG-WL) that positively influence biodiesel properties and a low linolenic acids content (below 0.30%w/w) that comply with European law EN14214 for biodiesel (linolenic acid content lower than 12%w/w). In addition, due to the high concentration of palmitic and stearic acids detected at the end of test, this oil can be used as new substrate to produce stearin, normally produced from palm oil.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Microalgas , Biocombustibles , Biomasa , Aguas del Alcantarillado
17.
Bioresour Technol ; 341: 125857, 2021 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523553

RESUMEN

Pyrolysis characteristics and bio-oil of Chlorella vulgaris were investigated under SiC and ZnO (SZ) mixture (compound additive) with various mixing ratios (S/Z = 10:0, 7:3, 5:5, 3:7, 0:10) and addition amounts (5%, 10%, 15%) by thermogravimetric analysis and GC-MS. At three experimental groups of 10% compound additive, as ZnO in compound additive increased, maximum weight loss rate (Rp) increased, the time (tp) corresponding to Rp and the weight stabilization time (tf) first decreased and then increased, while average rate of weight loss (Ra) and total weight loss (M) first increased and then decreased; maximum temperature rising rate (Hx) and average rate of temperature rising (Hg) increased, while the time (tx) corresponding to Hx decreased. Compound additives reduced the bio-oil yield, increased the gas yield, and reduced the acid compounds in bio-oil. Besides, it might promote the production of alicyclic hydrocarbons and oxygen/nitrogen-containing long-chain compounds.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Biocombustibles , Calor , Microondas , Pirólisis , Temperatura
18.
Bioresour Technol ; 341: 125892, 2021 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523555

RESUMEN

Continuous automation of conventional industrial operations with smart technology have drawn significant attention. Firstly, the study investigates on optimizing the proportion of industrial biscuit processing waste powder, (B) substituted into BG-11 as a source of cultivation medium for the growth of C. vulgaris. Various percentages of industrial biscuit processing waste powder, (B) were substituted in the inorganic medium to analyse the algal growth and biochemical composition. The use of 40B combination was found to yield highest biomass concentration (4.11 g/L), lipid (260.44 mg/g), protein (263.93 mg/g), and carbohydrate (418.99 mg/g) content compared with all the other culture ratio combination. Secondly, the exploitation of colour acquisition was performed onto C. vulgaris growth phases, and a novel photo-to-biomass concentration estimation was conducted via image processing for three different colour model pixels. Based on linear regression analysis the red, green, blue (RGB) colour model can interpret its colour variance precisely.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Microalgas , Biomasa , Medios de Cultivo , Residuos Industriales , Lípidos , Aguas Residuales
19.
Chemosphere ; 282: 131044, 2021 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470146

RESUMEN

The wide application of α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles (NPs) in different fields has resulted in release and accumulation of these materials into the aquatic ecosystem. Therefore, it is important to understand the potential impact of these NPs on aquatic organisms especially primary producers i.e., microalgae. Present study aimed to investigate the bioavailability and the effect of α-Fe2O3 NPs on growth of iron deprived cells of Chlorella vulgaris. Results showed that α-Fe2O3 NPs are not available as iron source to support the growth of C. vulgaris. Moreover,α-Fe2O3 NPs induced stress condition to C. vulgaris, which were reflected in its growth rates, total lipid contents, fatty acid profile and cell morphology. Specifically, low concentrations of α-Fe2O3 NPs (0.1, 0.5, 2.5, 5, 10 mg/L) showed similar growth profile and total lipid contents at both exponential and stationary growth phases. At 50 and 100 mg/L α-Fe2O3 NPs concentrations biomass reduced by 41.2% and 83.7% whereas total lipid contents increased by 39.7% and 25.5% respectively at exponential growth phase along with reduction in fatty acids. The results illustrated novel insights into the microalgal interaction with nanoparticles, providing fundamental knowledge for the development of future microalgae ecology and cultivation technology.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Microalgas , Nanopartículas , Disponibilidad Biológica , Biomasa , Ecosistema , Ácidos Grasos
20.
Bioresour Technol ; 340: 125669, 2021 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34339996

RESUMEN

This study aims to elucidate the mechanisms governing the harvesting efficiency of Chlorella vulgaris by flocculation using a cationic polymer. Flocculation efficiency increased as microalgae culture matured (i.e. 35-45, 75, and > 97% efficiency at early, late exponential, and stationary phase, respectively. Unlike the negative impact of phosphate on flocculation in traditional wastewater treatment; here, phosphorous residue did not influence the flocculation efficiency of C. vulgaris. The observed dependency of flocculation efficiency on growth phase was driven by changes in microalgal cell properties. Microalgal extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) in both bound and free forms at stationary phase were two and three times higher than those at late and early exponential phase, respectively. Microalgae cells also became more negatively charged as they matured. Negatively charged and high EPS content together with the addition of high molecular weight and positively charged polymer could facilitate effective flocculation via charge neutralisation and bridging.


Asunto(s)
Chlorella vulgaris , Microalgas , Biomasa , Floculación , Polímeros
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