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Lancet ; 397(10293): 2464-2465, 2021 06 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34175080
FEBS Lett ; 595(12): 1619-1621, 2021 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34133029

Arte , Ciencia , Humanos
Rev Med Suisse ; 17(742): 1103-1104, 2021 06 09.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106532

Política , Ciencia , Humanos
Med Educ Online ; 26(1): 1937908, 2021 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114945


Introduction: Vertically integrating physiology into patient care has the potential to improve clinical reasoning. Clinical Physiology Grand Rounds (CPGR) is a case-based teaching method that brings together students from all years of medical school to focus on linking clinical presentations to core basic science concepts including anatomy, physiology, and pathophysiology. In this study, we describe the implementation of CPGR at two different institutions in the United States and assess student-reported outcomes.Methods: We survey students who participated in CPGR at Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons (P&S) and Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC). Subjects were queried across three domains: the benefits of attending, the impact of concept maps, and the impact of the mixed-learner environment.Results: Despite differences in session leadership and the underlying medical school curricula, conference attendees reported similar benefits at the two schools included in this study. Students overwhelmingly (92.9%) reported that remembering clinical presentations was easier when they understood the underlying physiology. They also reported gaining a true understanding of concepts that were previously memorized (87.5%). Both clinical (92.5%) and preclinical students (93.1%) valued the mixed-learner environment as a component of the conference.Discussion: By assuring a mixed-learner environment with near-peer interactions, using concept maps as a teaching tool, and rigorously linking clinical presentation and management to physiological concepts, we found that the key benefits of CPGR were replicable across different institutions, despite several local differences in how CPGR was implemented, led, and conducted.

Fisiología/educación , Facultades de Medicina/organización & administración , Ciencia/educación , Rondas de Enseñanza/organización & administración , Curriculum , Humanos , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Estados Unidos
Hist Philos Life Sci ; 43(2): 83, 2021 Jun 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34125318


The role of a journal like HPLS during the novel coronavirus pandemic should serve as a means for scholars in different fields and professions to consider historically and critically what is happening as it unfolds. Surely it cannot tackle all the possible issues related to the pandemic, in particular to the COVID-19 pandemic, but it does have a responsibility to foster the best possible dialogue about the various issues related to the history and philosophy of the life sciences, and thus to solicit contributions from potential authors working in different parts of the world and belonging to different cultural traditions. Only a real plurality of perspectives should allow for a better, large-scale comprehension of what the COVID-19 pandemic is.

Disciplinas de las Ciencias Biológicas , COVID-19 , Historia de la Medicina , Pandemias , Filosofía Médica , Filosofía , Ciencia , Humanos
Br J Gen Pract ; 71(707): 274-275, 2021 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34045256
J Vis Exp ; (170)2021 04 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33970140


This paper describes an educational kit based on digital microfluidics. A protocol for luminol-based chemiluminescence experiment is reported as a specific example. It also has fluorescent imaging capability and closed humidified enclosure based on an ultrasonic atomizer to prevent evaporation. The kit can be assembled within a short period of time and with minimal training in electronics and soldering. The kit allows both undergraduate/graduate students and enthusiasts to obtain hands-on experience in microfluidics in an intuitive way and be trained to gain familiarity with digital microfluidics.

Microfluídica/métodos , Ciencia/educación , Humanos
Hist Philos Life Sci ; 43(2): 68, 2021 May 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33977437


Three interdependent factors are behind the current Covid-19 pandemic distorted narrative: (1) science´s culture of "publish or perish", (2) misinformation spread by traditional media and social digital media and (3) distrust of technology for tracing contacts and its privacy-related issues. In this short paper, I wish to tackle how these three factors have added up to give rise to a negative public understanding of science in times of a health crisis, such as the current Covid-19 pandemic and finally, how to confront all these problems.

Disciplinas de las Ciencias Biológicas/normas , COVID-19/psicología , Comunicación , Tecnología Digital , Difusión de la Información/ética , Comunicación Académica/normas , Ciencia/normas , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Revisión de la Investigación por Pares , Privacidad , Opinión Pública , SARS-CoV-2 , Medios de Comunicación Sociales
Lancet ; 397(10291): 2304-2308, 2021 06 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838723


Strong US-China collaboration on health and medicine is a crucial element of the global effort against COVID-19. We review the history of health collaboration and exchanges between the public and private sectors in the USA and China, including the long-lasting collaboration between governmental public health agencies of the two countries. Academic and scientific exchanges should be reinvigorated and the increasing valuable role of non-profit foundations acknowledged. The shared interests of the two countries and the magnitude of the pandemic necessitate both countries to collaborate and cooperate. We provide recommendations to the two governments and the global health community to control the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic and prepare for future threats. TRANSLATION: For the Chinese translation of the abstract see Supplementary Materials section.

Salud , Cooperación Internacional/historia , Medicina , China , Salud Global , Agencias Gubernamentales , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Sector Privado , Salud Pública , Sector Público , Ciencia , Estados Unidos , Universidades
Public Underst Sci ; 30(5): 496-514, 2021 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33840287


The coronavirus pandemic created a situation in which virological and epidemiological science became highly politically relevant but was uncertain and fragmented. This raises the question as to how science could inform policymaking and public debate on societal crisis management. Based on an online survey of Germans (N = 1513) representative for age, gender, education, and place of residence, we investigate citizens' prescriptive views of the relationships between science, policymaking, and the media. Views differ depending on their informational needs and epistemic beliefs. People with a need for definite information and a view of scientific knowledge as static wanted scientists to dominate policymaking and journalists to deliver definite information about the coronavirus. People with an informational need to construct their own opinions wanted journalists to question policy and scientific advice. Furthermore, they rejected the idea of scientists dominating policymaking. Results are discussed with reference to theories of science and democracy.

COVID-19/epidemiología , Conducta en la Búsqueda de Información , Política , Opinión Pública , Ciencia , Factores de Edad , Alemania , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/normas , Pandemias , Formulación de Políticas , SARS-CoV-2 , Factores Sexuales , Factores Socioeconómicos
Public Underst Sci ; 30(5): 515-534, 2021 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33892612


As an unprecedented global disease outbreak, the COVID-19 pandemic is also accompanied by an infodemic. To better cope with the pandemic, laypeople need to process information in ways that help guide informed judgments and decisions. Such information processing likely involves the reliance on various evidence types. Extending the Risk Information Seeking and Processing model via a two-wave survey (N = 1284), we examined the predictors and consequences of US-dwelling Chinese's reliance on four evidence types (i.e. scientific, statistical, experiential, and expert) regarding COVID-19 information. Overall, Risk Information Seeking and Processing variables such as information insufficiency and perceived information gathering capacity predicted the use of all four evidence types. However, other Risk Information Seeking and Processing variables (e.g. informational subjective norms) did not emerge as important predictors. In addition, different evidence types had different associations with subsequent disease prevention behaviors and satisfaction with the US government's action to address the pandemic. Finally, discrete emotions varied in their influences on the use of evidence types, behaviors, and satisfaction. The findings provide potentially valuable contributions to science and health communication theory and practice.

COVID-19/epidemiología , Comunicación en Salud/métodos , Conducta en la Búsqueda de Información , Ciencia , Estadística como Asunto , Emociones , Comunicación en Salud/normas , Humanos , Modelos Psicológicos , Pandemias , Medición de Riesgo , SARS-CoV-2 , Medios de Comunicación Sociales
Molecules ; 26(7)2021 Apr 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33917477


Caffeine is a food supplement widely consumed by athletes, but it has not been established. So far, the veracity of their labeling in terms of the dosage and cause/effect relationship aimed at the consumer. The aim is to analyze the health claims and the dosage presented on the labeling of caffeine supplements and to evaluate if they follow the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and international criteria. A descriptive cross-sectional study of a sample of caffeine supplements was carried out. The search was done through the Amazon and Google Shopping web portals. In order to assess the adequacy of the health claims, the guidelines of reference established by European Food Safety Authority were compared to the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, International Olympic Committee, and Australian Institute of Sport guidelines; in addition, recent systematic reviews were addressed. A review of labels of 42 caffeine supplements showed that, in less than 3% of the products were the health claims supported by the recommendations and by the labeled quantity of caffeine. The claims that fully complied the recommendations were, "improves or increases endurance performance", "improves strength performance", or "improves short-term performance". In most cases, the recommended dosage was 200 mg/day for these products, which is the minimum for the caffeine effects to be declared. The rest of the health claims were not adequate or need to be modified. Most of the health claims identified indicated an unproven cause and effect, which constitutes consumer fraud, and so must be modified or eliminated.

Cafeína/farmacología , Suplementos Dietéticos , Etiquetado de Alimentos , Inocuidad de los Alimentos , Salud , Internacionalidad , Ciencia , Deportes , Europa (Continente) , Humanos