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5.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(39): 24154-24164, 2020 09 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32929006

RESUMEN

Science is undergoing rapid change with the movement to improve science focused largely on reproducibility/replicability and open science practices. This moment of change-in which science turns inward to examine its methods and practices-provides an opportunity to address its historic lack of diversity and noninclusive culture. Through network modeling and semantic analysis, we provide an initial exploration of the structure, cultural frames, and women's participation in the open science and reproducibility literatures (n = 2,926 articles and conference proceedings). Network analyses suggest that the open science and reproducibility literatures are emerging relatively independently of each other, sharing few common papers or authors. We next examine whether the literatures differentially incorporate collaborative, prosocial ideals that are known to engage members of underrepresented groups more than independent, winner-takes-all approaches. We find that open science has a more connected, collaborative structure than does reproducibility. Semantic analyses of paper abstracts reveal that these literatures have adopted different cultural frames: open science includes more explicitly communal and prosocial language than does reproducibility. Finally, consistent with literature suggesting the diversity benefits of communal and prosocial purposes, we find that women publish more frequently in high-status author positions (first or last) within open science (vs. reproducibility). Furthermore, this finding is further patterned by team size and time. Women are more represented in larger teams within reproducibility, and women's participation is increasing in open science over time and decreasing in reproducibility. We conclude with actionable suggestions for cultivating a more prosocial and diverse culture of science.


Asunto(s)
Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Ciencia/tendencias , Mujeres , Autoria , Humanos , Difusión de la Información , Publicación de Acceso Abierto
6.
Nat Genet ; 52(7): 641, 2020 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32632325
11.
Science ; 368(6496): 1161, 2020 Jun 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32513866
14.
Recenti Prog Med ; 111(4): 202-204, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319440

RESUMEN

In addressing pandemics, science has never seemed more needed and useful, while at the same time limited and powerless. The existing contract between science and society is falling apart. A new covenant is urgently needed to navigate the days ahead.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Ciencia/tendencias , Condiciones Sociales , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Humanos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología
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