Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.302
Filtrar
2.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(2): 576-584, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985665

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Prior studies demonstrate that social media are used by plastic surgeons to educate and engage. The hashtag #PlasticSurgery has been studied previously and is embraced by American plastic surgeons and journals; however, no studies have examined its use or adoption across Europe. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 800 tweets containing the words "plastic surgery" or the hashtag #PlasticSurgery in four of the most spoken European languages worldwide excluding English (Spanish, #CirugiaPlastica; French, #ChirurgiePlastique; Portuguese, #CirurgiaPlastica; and German, #PlastischeChirurgie) was performed. The following were assessed: identity of author, subject matter, use of the hashtag #PlasticSurgery in each language, whether posts by surgeons and academic institutions were self-promotional or educational, and whether a link to a journal article or a reference in PubMed was provided. RESULTS: Seventeen percent and 3 percent of analyzed tweets came from plastic surgeons or academic institutions, respectively; only 17.5 percent of them were for educational purpose. None of them had any digital link to a peer-reviewed article or a scientific journal. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the low participation of plastic surgeons and academic institutions in social media (especially for education) in four of the major world languages. Social media should be considered in Europe as an opportunity to increase leadership, improve education, and spread knowledge of plastic surgery by board-certified plastic surgeons.


Asunto(s)
Educación Médica/estadística & datos numéricos , Liderazgo , Cirugía Plástica/educación , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Lenguaje , Estudios Retrospectivos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Cirugía Plástica/estadística & datos numéricos , Terminología como Asunto
3.
Cir. plást. ibero-latinoam ; 45(4): 405-412, oct.-dic. 2019. ilus
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-186029

RESUMEN

Introducción y objetivo: El éxito de un colgajo microquirúrgico depende, entre otras cosas, de una correcta técnica de la anastomosis, siendo la experiencia preoperatoria del cirujano directamente proporcional a la tasa de supervivencia del mismo. El uso de animales vivos es el modelo estándar para el entrenamiento en Microcirugía. Sin embargo, implica un alto costo y una necesidad de recursos. Existen diferentes alternativas para el entrenamiento de habilidades microquirúrgicas pero sigue siendo necesario tener un microscopio y un lugar físico para realizar las prácticas. El uso de teléfonos inteligentes en Cirugía Plástica toma cada vez más relevancia y hoy en día son varias sus aplicaciones también como alternativa al microscopio. El objetivo de este trabajo es proponer un modelo alternativo para la enseñanza microquirúrgico utilizando un teléfono inteligente como sustituto del microscopio. Material y método: Creamos una plataforma de trabajo sobre una mesa con un soporte de celular con brazo flexible al costado de la misma. Para reemplazar el microscopio utilizamos un teléfono inteligente Apple 8s Plus(R) que permite un zoom digital de hasta 10X y la posibilidad de grabar videos en 4k y alta definición. Para las pruebas planteamos 3 ejercicios con modelos inanimados de dificultad creciente: el deshilachado de las fibras de una gasa, el armado de suturas en un guante de látex y la técnica de anastomosis vascular y/o nerviosa en una pata de pollo. Tomamos fotografías en las diferentes magnificaciones para comprobar la definición y la posibilidad de realizar anastomosis sobre diferentes plataformas. Resultados: Pudimos realizar los 3 ejercicios utilizando la máxima magnificación con una definición adecuada. Conclusiones: El teléfono inteligente permite realizar diferentes ejercicios microquirúrgicos con un adecuado nivel de magnificación y definición. Podría por tanto emplearse como sustituto y/o complemento del microscopio para una práctica más accesible y económica


Background and objective. A successful outcome in Microsurgery depends, among others, on the performance of technically perfect microvascular anastomosis, being the operative experience the single most critical factor in avoiding free flap failure. Using living animals represents the actual training standard. However, this implies high costs. Several nonliving models have been proposed as alternatives for the acquisition of basic skills. Nevertheless, a microscope is needed to practice. The use of smartphones in Plastic Surgery is well documented. The purpose of this article is to describe the possibility of using the smartphone to replace an operating microscope in Microsurgery training. Methods. A test platform was created. A phone holder was placed on the side of a table, such that it could be comfortably reached from the test platform. The microscope was replaced with a smartphone Apple 8s Plus(R) with a digital 10x zoom. Three exercises in non living models were used for the test: gauze, latex glove and chicken tight. Photographs were taken to show the smartphone definition and the applicability to perform Microsurgery anastomosis. Results. All exercises could be performed in the maximum magnification with adequate definition. Conclusions. The use of smartphones as a microsurgery model presented in this study could be applied to basic Microsurgery education and also used as an alternative training model owing to its easy application, easy accessibility and low cost


Asunto(s)
Teléfono Inteligente/instrumentación , Teléfono Inteligente/tendencias , Microcirugia/educación , Microcirugia/tendencias , Grabación en Video/instrumentación , Microcirugia/instrumentación , Cirugía Plástica/educación
4.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(5): 1227-1236, 2019 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688771

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Plastic surgery trainees who wish to start a family face challenges. This is the first study to collect data directly from residents and fellows to understand issues surrounding childbearing and to propose solutions. METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, an anonymous survey was distributed to all current plastic surgery residents and fellows in the United States. Data regarding demographics, obstetrical complications, parental leave, breastfeeding, and use of assisted reproductive technology were collected. RESULTS: The survey was completed by 307 trainees, for a resident response rate of 27.0 percent. Mean age of the respondents was 31.7 ± 3.8 years, 58.6 percent were married, and 35.3 percent reported at least one pregnancy for themselves or for their partner. Both male (67.4 percent) and female (76.5 percent) respondents intentionally postponed having children because of career. Women were significantly more likely to report negative stigma attached to pregnancy (70.4 percent versus 51.1 percent; p = 0.003) and plan to delay childbearing until after training. Fifty-six percent of female trainees reported an obstetrical complication. Assisted reproductive technology was used by 19.6 percent of trainees. Mean maternity leave was 5.5 weeks, with 44.4 percent taking less than 6 weeks. Mean paternity leave was 1.2 weeks. Sixty-two percent of women and 51.4 percent of men reported dissatisfaction with leave. Sixty-one percent of female trainees breastfed for 6 months and 19.5 percent continued for 12 months. Lactation facilities were available near operating rooms for 29.4 percent of respondents. CONCLUSIONS: Plastic surgery training may negatively impact fertility, obstetrical health, and breastfeeding practices. The data presented in this article provide the groundwork for identifying areas of concern and potential solutions.


Asunto(s)
Selección de Profesión , Educación de Postgrado en Medicina/organización & administración , Servicios de Planificación Familiar/métodos , Permiso Parental/normas , Médicos Mujeres/estadística & datos numéricos , Cirugía Plástica/educación , Adulto , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Internado y Residencia/métodos , Masculino , Salud Materna , Evaluación de Necesidades , Permiso Parental/tendencias , Embarazo , Factores de Riesgo , Factores de Tiempo , Estados Unidos
8.
Facial Plast Surg ; 35(5): 534-539, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525779

RESUMEN

Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery (FPRS) training programs offer exceptional exposure to the most current techniques in the field. However, applicants have many factors to weigh when ranking programs. Therefore, it is important to examine the factors that applicants believe to be the most critical when choosing an FPRS fellowship. This is an anonymous online survey of FPRS fellows between the years 2018 and 2020 (total 147). Respondents were asked to rate importance of program factors on a Likert scale (1-5). Of 147 applicants, 63 (43%) responded. Applicants found the type of practice, academic or private, equally important, with score averages of 3.02 and 3.25, respectively. The two most important program factors to applicants were exposure to the business of medicine/practice management (3.94) and location (3.4). The two most important areas of surgical exposure include rhinoplasty (4.54) and aging face (4.44). Of 63 applicants, 41 (65%) were interested in private practice, with 51% seeking a facial plastics/plastic reconstructive surgery group setting versus solo practice, general otolaryngology group, or dermatology group practice. Of 61 applicants, 48 (76%) wanted a mix of cosmetic/reconstructive surgery in their first 5 years of practice. Finally, applicants were not interested (average: 1.94) in keeping general otolaryngology as part of their practice. Applicants want strong exposure to the business of medicine, rhinoplasty, aging face, all while in their preferred location. Additionally, the majority of applicants seek employment in a plastic surgery focused group practice, with the sole focus being the breadth of FPRS.


Asunto(s)
Becas , Otolaringología , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Reconstructivos , Cirugía Plástica , Cara , Humanos , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Reconstructivos/educación , Cirugía Plástica/educación , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Cir. plást. ibero-latinoam ; 45(3): 285-294, jul.-sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-184403

RESUMEN

Antecedentes y Objetivo. La rinoplastia es uno de los procedimientos más frecuentes y más complejos de la Cirugía Plástica. Residentes de todo el mundo concuerdan en que su entrenamiento en rinoplastia es deficiente y en algunas ocasiones nulo. Algunos dicen no contar con la confianza suficiente para realizarla al finalizar su formación especializada. No todos los países establecen un método de entrenamiento estandarizado para la adquisición de experiencia y habilidades en rinoplastia, y si bien existen algunos modelos, no han sido evaluados y se desconoce su efectividad. Realizamos una revisión sistemática de las publicaciones que describen modelos de entrenamiento para aprendizaje, adquisición y/o mejora de habilidades en rinoplastia. Material y método. Llevamos a cabo una revisión sistemática mediante búsqueda electrónica de la literatura en las diferentes bases de datos: MEDLINE Pubmed (1980 a junio de 2016), EMBASE Ovid (1946 a segunda semana de junio de 2016), LILACS Scielo (1982 a junio de 2016) usando como criterio de selección: estudios descriptivos sobre uso de modelos de entrenamiento en rinoplastia. Resultados. Revisamos 6 modelos de entrenamiento publicados entre 2005-2014; 3 con tejido animal, 1 en cadáveres y 2 con material sintético. Ninguno contaba con evaluación y validación de los modelos propuestos, por lo cual no es posible determinar si funcionan para mejorar las habilidades quirúrgicas durante la formación especializada en Cirugía Plástica. Conclusiones. Aunque está demostrada la eficacia de los modelos de entrenamiento quirúrgico en otras especialidades y su uso es requisito para acreditación en EE. UU., no encontramos evidencia de la existencia de modelos eficaces en rinoplastia. Es por ello que nuestra revisión abre la puerta para la búsqueda de un modelo validado en nuestra especialidad


Background and Objective. Rhinoplasty is one of the most frequent and complex surgeries performed within the Plastic Surgery field. Residents around the world agree on a general deficiency from their rhinoplasty training and, in some cases, the absence of it. Someone, by the end of their training, still feel lack of confidence when performing a rhinoplasty. Currently, not all the countries have established a standardized training method for the acquisition of expertise and skills in rhinoplasty, and although there are several models, they have not been evaluated and therefore their efficiency as a training model is unknown. Methods. We conduct a systematic review performing a systematic review of published articles about the theme. Search strategy included the following database: MEDLINE Pubmed (1980 to June 2016), EMBASE Ovid (1946 to second week of June 2016), LILACS Scielo (1982 to June 2016). Selection criteria used was: descriptive studies reporting the use of training models for rhinoplasty. Results. Six training models, during a period from 2005-2014, were evaluated. Three were based on animal tissue, 2 on synthetic materials and 1 on a cadaveric model. No one had been evaluated or validated as to whether they improve surgical skills of residents in training. Conclusions. Even do, in other medical specialties the effectiveness of surgical training models has been proven and such training is considered a requirement in the USA, within the rhinoplasty field no evidence of the effectiveness from these models was found. This revision delivers a path to continue with their effectiveness evaluation and skills improvement in Plastic Surgery


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Rinoplastia/educación , Materiales de Enseñanza , Modelos Anatómicos , Modelos Educacionales , Cirugía Plástica/educación , Protocolos Clínicos , Bases de Datos como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , México
15.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(3): 496e-507e, 2019 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461050

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Simulation has gained notable recognition for its role as an effective training and assessment modality in the present era of competency-based medical education. Despite the well-documented efficacy of both live and cadaveric animal models, several ethical, financial, and accessibility issues persist with their use. Lower fidelity nonbiological simulators have gained recognition for their ability to circumvent these challenges. This systematic review reports on all prosthetic and virtual reality simulators in use for microsurgery training, with an emphasis on each model's complexity, characteristics, advantages, disadvantages, and validation measures taken. METHODS: A systematic search was performed using the National Library of Medicine (PubMed), MEDLINE, and Embase databases. Search terms were those pertaining to prosthetic and virtual reality models with relevance to microsurgical training in plastic surgery. Three independent reviewers evaluated all articles retrieved based on strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. RESULTS: Fifty-seven articles met the inclusion criteria for review, reporting on 20 basic prosthetic models, 20 intermediate models, 13 advanced models, and six virtual reality simulators. CONCLUSIONS: A comprehensive summary has been compiled of all nonbiological simulators in use for microsurgery training in plastic surgery, demonstrating efficacy for the acquisition and retention of microsurgical skills. Metrics-based validation efforts, however, were often lacking in the literature. As plastic surgery programs continue to innovate, ensure accountability, and safely meet today's training standards, prosthetic simulators are set to play a larger role in the development of a standardized, ethical, accessible, and objectively measurable microsurgery training curriculum for the modern-day plastic and reconstructive surgery resident.


Asunto(s)
Educación Basada en Competencias/métodos , Microcirugia/educación , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Reconstructivos/educación , Entrenamiento Simulado/métodos , Cirugía Plástica/educación , Competencia Clínica , Curriculum , Humanos , Internado y Residencia/métodos , Modelos Anatómicos , Prótesis e Implantes , Cirujanos/educación , Realidad Virtual
18.
Dermatol Online J ; 25(5)2019 May 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220906

RESUMEN

Chronic wounds are highly prevalent and have become a public health crisis. Successful treatment of chronic wounds requires that healthcare providers study both the pathophysiology of wound healing and maintain knowledge of the most current wound care guidelines set forth by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Unfortunately, medical students currently receive limited wound care training. A focused and well-organized course integrating a diverse group of medical and surgical faculty, residents, and medical students in the clinical years has been created to address this growing medical issue. The goal of such curricular innovations is to help future physicians gain exposure to chronic wounds and develop crucial clinical skills so they enter residency prepared to offer basic treatments and prevent rapid deterioration of the many wounds they will encounter.


Asunto(s)
Curriculum , Cicatrización de Heridas , Heridas y Traumatismos/terapia , Enfermedad Crónica , Dermatología/educación , Educación de Postgrado en Medicina , Educación de Pregrado en Medicina , Cirugía General/educación , Humanos , Medicina Interna/educación , Medicina Física y Rehabilitación/educación , Podiatría/educación , Cirugía Plástica/educación
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA