Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 420.236
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(23): e38464, 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847695


RATIONALE: Gamma knife stereotactic radiosurgery (GKRS) is a recognized safe and effective treatment for brain metastasis; however, some complications can present significant clinical challenges. This case report highlights a rare occurrence of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage and pneumocranium following GKRS, emphasizing the need for awareness and prompt management of these complications. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 35-year-old male with a history of malignant neoplasm of the lip in 2015 and perineural spread of malignancy into the left cavernous sinus was treated with GKRS in 2017. The patient was admitted emergently 39 days after discharge due to persistent headache and dizziness. DIAGNOSES: Brain computed tomography (CT) revealed diffuse bilateral pneumocranium alongside an observation of CSF leakage. INTERVENTIONS: A surgical procedure involving a left frontal-temporal craniotomy was performed to excise a residual skull base tumor and repair the dura, guided by a navigator system. The conclusive pathological assessment revealed the presence of squamous cell carcinoma markers. OUTCOMES: The patient exhibited excellent tolerance to the entire procedure and experienced a prompt and uneventful recovery process. After surgery, the symptoms alleviated and CSF leak stopped. The follow-up image showed the pneumocranium resolved. LESSONS: Pneumocranium due to early-stage post-GKRS is uncommon. The rapid tumor shrinkage and timing of brain metastasis spreading through the dura can lead to CSF leak and pneumocranium. We reviewed current treatment options and presented a successful craniotomy-based dura repair case.

Neoplasias Encefálicas , Radiocirugia , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundario , Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirugía , Pérdida de Líquido Cefalorraquídeo/etiología , Neumocéfalo/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Radiocirugia/efectos adversos , Radiocirugia/métodos , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(23): e38418, 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847680


BACKGROUND: Previous findings on the effect of general versus spinal anesthesia on postoperative delirium in elderly people with hip fractures are somewhat controversial. This article included the latest randomized controlled study for meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of general anesthesia (GA) and spinal anesthesia (SA) on delirium after hip fracture surgery in the elderly, so as to guide the clinical. METHODS: Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web Of Science, and Embase were searched from inception up to January 16, 2024. Randomized controlled trial (RCT) was included to evaluate the postoperative results of GA and SA in elderly patients (≥50 years old) undergoing hip fracture surgery. Two researchers independently screened for inclusion in the study and extracted data. Heterogeneity was assessed by the I²and Chi-square tests, and P < .1 or I² ≥ 50% indicated marked heterogeneity among studies. The Mantel-Haenszel method was used to estimate the combined relative risk ratio (RR) and the corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) for the binary variables. RESULTS: Nine randomized controlled trials were included. There was no significant difference (RR = 0.93, 95% CI = 0.774-1.111, P > .05) in the incidence of postoperative delirium between the GA group and the SA group. In intraoperative blood transfusion (RR = 1.0, 95% CI = 0.77-1.28, Z = 0.04, P = .971), pulmonary embolism (RR = 0.795, 95% CI = 0.332-1.904, Z = 0.59, P = .606), pneumonia (RR = 1.47, 95% CI = 0.75-2.87, P = .675), myocardial infarction (RR = 0.97, 95% CI = 0.24-3.86, Z = 0.05, P = .961), heart failure (RR = 0.80, 95% CI = 0.26-2.42, Z = 0.40, P = .961), urinary retention (RR = 1.42, 95% CI = 0.77-2.61, Z = 1.11, P = .267) were similar between the 2 anesthetic techniques. CONCLUSION: There is no significant difference in the effect of GA and SA on postoperative delirium in elderly patients with hip fracture, and their effects on postoperative complications are similar.

Anestesia General , Anestesia Raquidea , Delirio , Fracturas de Cadera , Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Anestesia General/efectos adversos , Anestesia General/métodos , Anestesia Raquidea/efectos adversos , Anestesia Raquidea/métodos , Delirio/etiología , Delirio/epidemiología , Delirio/prevención & control , Delirio del Despertar/epidemiología , Delirio del Despertar/prevención & control , Delirio del Despertar/etiología , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/prevención & control , Persona de Mediana Edad
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(23): e38405, 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847709


RATIONALE: Ileal perforation caused by the insertion of a drainage tube is a rare complication. Hence, the utilization of surgical drains in abdominal surgery remains controversial. At present, there is a trend to reduce the utilization of drains in abdominal surgery, although certain situations may necessitate their application. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 25-year-old Chinese woman presented with a history of right lower abdominal pain persisting for 10 days. Imaging examinations, including abdominal computed tomography and ultrasound, identified low-density lesions measuring 10 × 8 × 8cm3 in the right lower abdomen, which are consistent with perforated appendicitis complicated by a peri-appendiceal abscess. A laparoscopic appendectomy was carried out. On the 5th postoperative day, the drainage fluid changed to a grass-green color (80mL). Imaging with retrograde contrast through the drainage tube revealed that the 26 Fr silicon rubber drainage tube tip was positioned 50cm away from the ileocecal junction within the ileum. Both the ileal and ileocecal regions appeared well-developed. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOMES: Oral intake was suspended, and the patient received antacids, somatostatin, antibiotics, and total parenteral nutrition. On the 19th postoperative day, a follow-up imaging procedure using retrograde contrast through the drainage tube indicated that the tube tip was sealed. The treatment concluded on day 33 postoperatively, and the patient was discharged. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Ileal perforation due to an abdominal drainage tube following laparoscopic appendectomy constitutes a rare but serious complication. However, due to the adhesion and inflammatory changes around the abscess, laparoscopic dissection becomes a challenging and risky process, and the surgical skills and experiences are particularly important. Removing the abdominal drainage tube promptly based on the characteristics of the drainage fluid is recommended. The findings provide valuable insights for surgeons navigating similar challenges.

Apendicectomía , Apendicitis , Drenaje , Íleon , Laparoscopía , Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Apendicectomía/métodos , Apendicectomía/efectos adversos , Drenaje/métodos , Laparoscopía/métodos , Laparoscopía/efectos adversos , Apendicitis/cirugía , Íleon/cirugía , Perforación Intestinal/etiología , Perforación Intestinal/cirugía , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 409(1): 177, 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847851


PURPOSE: Middle segment-preserving pancreatectomy (MSPP) is a relatively new parenchymal-sparing surgery that has been introduced as an alternative to total pancreatectomy (TP) for multicentric benign and borderline pancreatic diseases. To date, only 36 cases have been reported in English. METHODS: We reviewed 22 published articles on MSPP and reported an additional case. RESULTS: Our patient was a 49-year-old Japanese man diagnosed with Zollinger-Elison syndrome (ZES) caused by duodenal and pancreatic gastrinoma associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia syndrome type 1. We avoided TP and chose MSPP as the operative technique due to his relatively young age. The patient developed a grade B postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF), which improved with conservative treatment. He was discharged without further treatment. To date, no tumor has recurred, and pancreatic function seems to be maintained. According to a literature review, the morbidity rate of MSPP is as high as 54%, mainly due to the high incidence of POPF (32%). In contrast, there was no perioperative mortality, and postoperative pancreatic function was comparable to that after conventional pancreatectomy. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the high incidence of POPF, MSPP appears to be safe, with low perioperative mortality and good postoperative pancreatic sufficiency.

Pancreatectomía , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Pancreatectomía/métodos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirugía , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patología , Síndrome de Zollinger-Ellison/cirugía , Gastrinoma/cirugía , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Tratamientos Conservadores del Órgano/métodos , Neoplasia Endocrina Múltiple Tipo 1/cirugía , Neoplasia Endocrina Múltiple Tipo 1/complicaciones
J Robot Surg ; 18(1): 243, 2024 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38847956


This study systemically reviewed the effects of robot-assisted percutaneous kyphoplasty (R-PKP) on the clinical outcomes and complications of patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF). The articles published from the establishment of the database to 19 April 2024 were searched in PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Chinese biomedical literature service system (SinoMed). Meta-analysis was employed to evaluate the status of pain relief and complications between the control and R-PKP groups. Standardized mean difference (SMD) or mean difference (MD), risk ratios (RR), and 95% confidence interval (CI) were selected for analysis, and a common or random effect model was adopted to merge the data. Eight studies involving 773 patients with OCVFs were included. R-PKP could effectively Cobb's angles (MD = -1.00, 95% CI -1.68 to -0.33, P = 0.0034), and decrease the occurrence of cement leakage (RR = 0.36, 95% CI 0.21 to 0.60, P < 0.0001). However, there was no significant effect on the results of visual analog scale (MD = -0.09, 95% CI -0.20 to 0.02, P = 0.1145), fluoroscopic frequency (SMD = 5.31, 95% CI -7.24 to 17.86, P = 0.4072), and operation time (MD = -0.72, 95% CI -7.47 to 6.03, P = 0.8342). R-PKP could significantly correct vertebral angle and reduce cement leakage. Thus, R-PKP maybe an effective choice for correction vertebral Angle and reducing postoperative complications, while its impact on relieving pain, decreasing fluoroscopic frequency, and shortening operation time need further exploration.

Fracturas por Compresión , Cifoplastia , Fracturas Osteoporóticas , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados , Fracturas de la Columna Vertebral , Humanos , Cifoplastia/métodos , Fracturas por Compresión/cirugía , Fracturas Osteoporóticas/cirugía , Fracturas de la Columna Vertebral/cirugía , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados/métodos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Femenino , Anciano , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Masculino
Pediatr Transplant ; 28(5): e14809, 2024 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38853135


BACKGROUND: Primary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) frequently recurs after kidney transplantation and is associated with poor graft survival. Patients who do not achieve remission (nonresponders) have an especially poor graft survival. However, the characteristics that may affect graft survival in nonresponders are unknown. This study aimed to determine the clinical characteristics associated with graft survival in nonresponders. METHODS: We retrospectively collected the clinical records of patients with FSGS and an age at onset <16 years who experienced posttransplant recurrence of FSGS at six hospitals in Japan from 1993 to 2018. RESULTS: Eight nonresponders with recurrent FSGS were enrolled in this study. The median time to recurrence after kidney transplantation was 1 day (interquartile range, 1-2 days). All patients received therapeutic plasma exchange and methylprednisolone pulse therapy. Rituximab was used as an add-on therapy in three patients. Five patients lost their graft within 2 years after kidney transplantation (rapid group). In contrast, three patients had much longer graft survival (nonrapid group). We compared the clinical characteristics of the rapid and nonrapid groups. Proteinuria tended to be lower in the nonrapid group at the third and subsequent months of therapy. The rapid group had persistent nephrotic syndrome. The rate of reduction in proteinuria was lower in the rapid group than in the nonrapid group. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that persistent nephrotic syndrome and a low rate of reduction in proteinuria may predict rapid progression to graft failure in nonresponders.

Glomeruloesclerosis Focal y Segmentaria , Supervivencia de Injerto , Trasplante de Riñón , Recurrencia , Humanos , Glomeruloesclerosis Focal y Segmentaria/terapia , Glomeruloesclerosis Focal y Segmentaria/etiología , Glomeruloesclerosis Focal y Segmentaria/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Masculino , Femenino , Niño , Adolescente , Preescolar , Japón , Intercambio Plasmático , Resultado del Tratamiento , Proteinuria/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 13247, 2024 06 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38853155


The primary objective of this study was to compare short-term outcomes between Intracorporeal ileocolic anastomosis (IIA) and extracorporeal ileocolic anastomosis (EIA) after laparoscopic right hemicolectomy in patients with visceral obesity. The secondary objective was to identify risk factors associated with prolonged postoperative ileus (PPOI) after laparoscopic right hemicolectomy. This single-center retrospective study analyzed visceral obesity patients who underwent laparoscopic right hemicolectomy for primary bowel cancer between January 2020 and June 2023. Patients were categorized into IIA and EIA groups based on the type of anastomosis, and a 1:1 propensity score-matched analysis was performed. A total of 129 patients were initially included in this study, with 45 patients in each group following propensity score matching. The IIA group had significantly longer anastomosis times (p < 0.001), shorter incision length (p < 0.001), and shorter length of stay (p = 0.003) than the EIA group. Meanwhile, the IIA group showed a shorter time to first flatus (p = 0.044) and quicker tolerance of a solid diet (p = 0.030). On multivariate analysis, postoperative use of opioid analgesics is an independent risk factor for PPOI (OR: 3.590 95% CI 1.033-12.477, p = 0.044), while IIA is an independent protective factor (OR: 0.195 95% CI 0.045-0.843, p = 0.029). IIA remains a safe and feasible option for visceral obesity patients. It is also associated with a quicker recovery of bowel function and shorter length of stay when compared to EIA. Additionally, IIA is an independent protective factor for PPOI.

Anastomosis Quirúrgica , Colectomía , Laparoscopía , Obesidad Abdominal , Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anastomosis Quirúrgica/métodos , Anastomosis Quirúrgica/efectos adversos , Obesidad Abdominal/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Laparoscopía/métodos , Laparoscopía/efectos adversos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Resultado del Tratamiento , Anciano , Colectomía/efectos adversos , Colectomía/métodos , Íleon/cirugía , Colon/cirugía , Factores de Riesgo , Tiempo de Internación , Ileus/etiología
JMIR Res Protoc ; 13: e54089, 2024 Jun 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38861712


BACKGROUND: With the continuous advancement of cancer treatments, a comprehensive analysis of the impact of multivisceral oncological pancreatic resections on morbidity, mortality, and long-term survival is currently lacking. OBJECTIVE: This manuscript presents the protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis designed to summarize the existing evidence concerning the outcomes of multivisceral oncological pancreatic resections across diverse tumor entities. METHODS: We will conduct a systematic search of the PubMed or MEDLINE, Embase, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and databases in strict accordance with the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines. The predefined outcomes encompass postoperative mortality, postoperative morbidity, overall and disease-free survival (1- to 5-year survival rates), the proportion of macroscopically complete (R0) resections (according to the Royal College of Pathologists definition), duration of hospital stay (in days), reoperation rate (%), postoperative complications (covering all complications according to the Clavien-Dindo classification), as well as pancreatic fistula, postpancreatectomy hemorrhage, and delayed gastric emptying (all according to the definitions of the International Study Group of Pancreas Surgery). RESULTS: Systematic database searches will begin in July 2024. The completion of the meta-analysis is anticipated by December 2024. Before completion, the literature search will be checked for new publications that must be considered in the context of the work. CONCLUSIONS: The forthcoming findings will provide an up-to-date overview of the feasibility, safety, and oncological efficacy of multivisceral pancreatic resections across diverse tumor entities. This data will serve as a valuable resource for health care professionals and patients to make well-informed clinical decisions. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42023437858; INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED REPORT IDENTIFIER (IRRID): PRR1-10.2196/54089.

Metaanálisis como Asunto , Pancreatectomía , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Revisiones Sistemáticas como Asunto , Humanos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirugía , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patología , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidad , Pancreatectomía/métodos , Pancreatectomía/efectos adversos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología
Orthop Nurs ; 43(3): 141-150, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38861744


Orthopedic surgical patients who use nicotine are at a high risk for postoperative complications including infection, respiratory failure, cardiac arrest, and death. Periprosthetic joint infections may result from nicotine-induced immunosuppression and microvascular changes, increasing perioperative morbidity and mortality. These complications result in higher health care costs, increased length of stay, and loss of reimbursement due to readmissions. Four weeks of nicotine cessation prior to arthroplasty decreases these risks; however, perioperative teams may lack reliable nicotine screening and cessation education methods. This project identified inconsistencies in nicotine screening and cessation counseling in the preoperative setting, which contributed to surgery cancellations among patients who required to demonstrate nicotine cessation preoperatively. Standardization of preoperative nicotine screening and patient cessation education resources can improve the identification of orthopedic patients who use nicotine and provide concrete, proven methods of achieving nicotine cessation prior to elective primary arthroplasty. Investment from perioperative staff is essential to ensure success.

Artroplastia de Reemplazo , Mejoramiento de la Calidad , Humanos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo/efectos adversos , Nicotina/efectos adversos , Nicotina/administración & dosificación , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/prevención & control , Educación del Paciente como Asunto/métodos , Tamizaje Masivo/métodos , Tamizaje Masivo/normas , Masculino , Femenino
Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir ; 56(3): 192-200, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38861974


Base-of-thumb osteoarthritis is the most frequent osteoarthritis of the hand requiring surgical treatment, although conservative treatment options should be exhausted before surgery. If the wear process progresses with continuing pain-related loss of thumb function, thus leading to a loss of function of the whole hand, surgical treatment is indicated. In 1947, Gervis published results after trapeziectomy and heralded the development of a multitude of different surgical procedures. The long time needed for rehabilitation is a major problem of trapeziectomy with or without tendon interposition and/or suspension. After the implementation of the first CMC I prosthesis by De la Caffiniere 50 years ago, a rapid development took place, leading to the current modular bipolar implants. Especially in the German-speaking world, there is still some scepticism regarding these prostheses, which is why this review aims to illuminate both surgical procedures with a special focus placed on the aspects of indication.

Articulaciones Carpometacarpianas , Prótesis Articulares , Osteoartritis , Diseño de Prótesis , Pulgar , Hueso Trapecio , Osteoartritis/cirugía , Humanos , Hueso Trapecio/cirugía , Pulgar/cirugía , Articulaciones Carpometacarpianas/cirugía , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología
Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir ; 56(3): 212-218, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38861976


BACKGROUND: The increasing use of thumb carpometacarpal joint prostheses for advanced CMC 1 (carpometacarpal) joint arthritis reflects the success of the latest prosthesis generations, which has been achieved through their improved functional outcomes and lower complication rates. Precise alignment of the prosthesis cup parallel to the proximal joint surface of the trapezium is essential for stability and the prevention of dislocation. This is a challenging surgical step, particularly for surgeons new to this technique. Despite adequate positioning of the guidewire, misplacements of the cup may occur, necessitating intraoperative revision. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study examined the deviations in cup and guidewire positioning in thumb carpometacarpal joint prosthesis implantations by inexperienced and experienced surgeons through radiological analysis of 65 prostheses. RESULTS: Both inexperienced and experienced surgeons achieved precise guidewire positioning with mean deviations of<2.2°. Inexperienced surgeons showed significantly larger cup deviations in the dorsopalmar and lateral view (7.6±6.1° and 7.3±5.9°) compared with experienced surgeons (3.6±2.7° and 3.6±2.5°; p=0.012, p=0.017). The deviation of the cup position exhibited by inexperienced surgeons tends to be in the direction opposite to the initial guidewire position (p<0.0038). CONCLUSION: The results highlight the current challenges in cup positioning depending on a surgeon's level of experience, questioning the reliability of the current guidewire placement.

Articulaciones Carpometacarpianas , Pulgar , Articulaciones Carpometacarpianas/cirugía , Humanos , Pulgar/cirugía , Masculino , Femenino , Prótesis Articulares , Hilos Ortopédicos , Competencia Clínica , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Diseño de Prótesis , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/prevención & control , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Reoperación , Osteoartritis/cirugía
Cir Cir ; 92(3): 287-297, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862105


OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the limitations, barriers, and complications in the early transition from the microscopic transsphenoidal approach (MTA) to the endonasal endoscopic approach (EEA) to the skull base in our institution. METHODS: Technical challenges, as well as clinical features and complications, were compared between MTA, EEA, and mixed cases during the early surgical curve. RESULTS: The period from the early learning curve was 1 year until the EEA protocol was used routinely. A total of 34 patients registered a resection using a transsphenoidal approach. Eighteen patients underwent EEA, 11 underwent MTA, and five underwent a mixed endonasal and microscopic approach. Non-significant differences were found in endocrine outcomes between the three groups. Patients with unchanged or improved visual function were higher in the EEA group (p = 0.147). Non-significant differences were found in terms of the extent of resection (EOR) between groups (p = 0.369). Only 1 (2.9%) patient in the whole series developed a post-operative CSF leaking that resolved with medical management, belonging to the EEA group (5.5%). CONCLUSIONS: The early phase of the learning curve did not affect our series significantly in terms of the EOR, endocrine status, and visual outcomes.

OBJETIVO: Investigar las limitaciones, las barreras y las complicaciones en la transición del abordaje transesfenoidal microscópico (ATM) al abordaje endonasal endoscópico (AEE) para la base del cráneo en nuestra institución. MÉTODO: Se compararon las características clínicas y las complicaciones entre ATM, AEE y casos mixtos durante la curva quirúrgica temprana. RESULTADOS: El periodo desde la curva de aprendizaje inicial fue de 1 año hasta que se utilizó el protocolo AEE de forma sistemática. Un total de 34 pacientes tuvieron una resección por vía transesfenoidal. A 18 pacientes se les realizó AEE, a 11 ATM y a 5 abordaje mixto endonasal y microscópico. Se encontraron diferencias no significativas en los resultados endocrinos entre los tres grupos. Los pacientes con función visual sin cambios o mejorada fueron más en el grupo AEE (p = 0.147). No se encontraron diferencias significativas respecto a la extensión de la resección (p = 0.369). Solo 1 (2.9%) paciente desarrolló una fístula de líquido cefalorraquídeo que se resolvió con manejo médico, perteneciente al grupo AEE (5.5%). CONCLUSIONES: La fase inicial de la curva de aprendizaje no afectó significativamente a nuestra serie en términos de extensión de la resección, estado endocrino y resultados visuales.

Curva de Aprendizaje , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto , Neoplasias Hipofisarias/cirugía , Anciano , Estudios Retrospectivos , Microcirugia/métodos , Silla Turca/cirugía , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Cavidad Nasal/cirugía , Cirugía Endoscópica por Orificios Naturales/métodos , Neuroendoscopía/métodos , Pérdida de Líquido Cefalorraquídeo/etiología , Pérdida de Líquido Cefalorraquídeo/epidemiología , Endoscopía/métodos
Cir Cir ; 92(3): 314-323, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862107


OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical effect of overlap anastomosis and functional end-to-end anastomosis (FEEA) in laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: The clinical data of 180 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical resection of CRC and side-to-side anastomosis were retrospectively collected; the patients were divided into the Overlap group and FEEA group, according to the anastomosis method that was used to treat them. RESULTS: The Overlap group had a shorter operation time, anastomosis time, post-operative hospital stay, post-operative feeding time, and post-operative exhaust time than the FEEA group (p < 0.05). The total incidence of post-operative complications was 14.4% (13/90) in the FEEA group and 0.7% (6/90) in the Overlap group, and there was no significant difference between the two groups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Overlapping anastomosis can shorten the operation time and accelerate the recovery of intestinal function without increasing the incidence of post-operative complications, and it will not affect the quality of life and survival of patients in the short term after surgery.

OBJETIVO: Investigar el efecto clínico de la anastomosis superpuesta y de la anastomosis funcional de extremo a extremo (AFEE) en la resección radical laparoscópica del cáncer colorrectal (CCR). MÉTODO: Se recolectaron retrospectivamente los datos clínicos de 180 pacientes sometidos a resección radical laparoscópica de CCR y anastomosis de lado a lado. Los pacientes se dividieron en grupo de anastomosis superpuesta y grupo AFEE, según el método de anastomosis que se utilizó para tratarlos. RESULTADOS: El grupo de anastomosis superpuesta tuvo un tiempo de operación, un tiempo de anastomosis, una estancia hospitalaria posoperatoria, un tiempo de alimentación posoperatorio y un tiempo de escape posoperatorio más cortos que el grupo AFEE (p < 0.05). La incidencia total de complicaciones posoperatorias fue del 14.4% (13/90) en el grupo AFEE y del 0.7% (6/90) en el grupo de anastomosis superpuesta, y no hubo diferencias significativas entre los dos grupos (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONES: La anastomosis superpuesta puede acortar el tiempo operatorio y acelerar la recuperación de la función intestinal sin aumentar la incidencia de complicaciones posoperatorias, y sin afectar la calidad de vida y la supervivencia de los pacientes a corto plazo después de la cirugía.

Anastomosis Quirúrgica , Colon , Neoplasias Colorrectales , Laparoscopía , Tempo Operativo , Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Humanos , Anastomosis Quirúrgica/métodos , Laparoscopía/métodos , Masculino , Femenino , Estudios Retrospectivos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Neoplasias Colorrectales/cirugía , Colon/cirugía , Anciano , Resultado del Tratamiento , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos , Colectomía/métodos , Adulto
Cir Cir ; 92(3): 395-398, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862118


A rare condition, sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis, is characterized by a fibrotic membrane forming over the bowels, leading to intestinal obstruction. In this case of a 56-year-old male patient with a history of laparoscopic gastric bypass, a computed tomography scan showed findings indicative of the condition. Extensive adhesiolysis was performed, and biopsies confirmed the presence of fusiform cells (D2-40 positive on immunochemistry) resembling fibroblasts, within dense collagenous peritoneal tissue sheets, typical of sclerosing encapsulating peritonitis. The prevalence of this condition is uncertain, and diagnosis typically requires a peritoneal biopsy due to the nonspecific clinical presentation.

La peritonitis esclerosante encapsulada es una condición rara caracterizada por una membrana fibrótica que se genera sobre las asas intestinales causando cuadros de oclusión intestinal. Se presenta el caso de un paciente varón de 56 años con antecedente de derivación gastroyeyunal por laparoscopia que presenta oclusión intestinal. Se realizó tomografía computada que evidenció sitio de transición previo al sitio de anastomosis. Se realizó de anastomosis extensa y toma de biopsias. Histológicamente se observó engrosamiento de la membrana peritoneal, células fusiformes (D2-40 positivo en inmunohistoquímica) similares a fibroblastos con láminas de colágeno peritoneal denso. La peritonitis esclerosante encapsulada es una patología de prevalencia desconocida. El cuadro clínico es inespecífico y el diagnóstico definitivo es por patología con biopsia peritoneal.

Derivación Gástrica , Obstrucción Intestinal , Fibrosis Peritoneal , Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Derivación Gástrica/efectos adversos , Obstrucción Intestinal/etiología , Obstrucción Intestinal/cirugía , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Fibrosis Peritoneal/etiología , Fibrosis Peritoneal/cirugía , Fibrosis Peritoneal/complicaciones , Fibrosis Peritoneal/diagnóstico por imagen , Peritonitis/etiología , Síndrome , Adherencias Tisulares/complicaciones , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X , Intestino Delgado
Cir Cir ; 92(3): 338-346, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862121


OBJECTIVE: The effect of a pre-operative biliary stent on complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) remains controversial. MATERIALS AND METHOD: We conducted a meta-analysis according to the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines, and PubMed, Web of Science Knowledge, and Ovid's databases were searched by the end of February 2023. 35 retrospective studies and 2 randomized controlled trials with a total of 12641 patients were included. RESULTS: The overall complication rate of the pre-operative biliary drainage (PBD) group was significantly higher than the no-PBD group (odds ratio [OR] 1.46, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.22-1.74; p < 0.0001), the incidence of post-operative delayed gastric emptying was increased in patients with PBD compared those with early surgery (OR 1.21, 95% CI: 1.02-1.43; p = 0.03), and there was a significant increase in post-operative wound infections in patients receiving PBD with an OR of 2.2 (95% CI: 1.76-2.76; p < 0.00001). CONCLUSIONS: PBD has no beneficial effect on post-operative outcomes. The increase in post-operative overall complications and wound infections urges the exact indications for PBD and against routine pre-operative biliary decompression, especially for patients with total bilirubin < 250 umol/L waiting for PD.

OBJETIVO: El efecto de una endoprótesis biliar pre-operatoria sobre las complicaciones después de la pancreaticoduodenectomía sigue siendo controvertido. MATERIALES Y MÉTODO: Se llevó a cabo un metaanálisis siguiendo las directrices PRISMA y se realizaron búsquedas en PubMed, Web of Science Knowledge y la base de datos de Ovid hasta finales de febrero de 2023. Se incluyeron 35 estudios retrospectivos y 2 ensayos controlados aleatorizados, con un total de 12,641 pacientes. RESULTADOS: La tasa global de complicaciones del grupo drenaje biliar pre-operatorio (PBD) fue significativamente mayor que la del grupo no-PBD (odds ratio [OR]: 1.46; intervalo de confianza del 95% [IC 95%]: 1.22-1.74; p < 0.0001), la incidencia de vaciado gástrico retardado posoperatorio fue mayor en los pacientes con PBD en comparación con los de cirugía precoz (OR: 1.21; IC95%: 1.02-1.43; p = 0.03), y hubo un aumento significativo de las infecciones posoperatorias de la herida en los pacientes que recibieron PBD (OR: 2.2; IC 95%: 1.76-2.76; p < 0.00001). CONCLUSIONES: El drenaje biliar pre-operatorio no tiene ningún efecto beneficioso sobre el resultado posoperatorio. El aumento de las complicaciones posoperatorias globales y de las infecciones de la herida urge a precisar las indicaciones de PBD y a desaconsejar la descompresión biliar pre-operatoria sistemática, en especial en pacientes con bilirrubina total inferior a 250 µmol/l en espera de pancreaticoduodenectomía.

Drenaje , Pancreaticoduodenectomía , Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Cuidados Preoperatorios , Stents , Humanos , Pancreaticoduodenectomía/efectos adversos , Cuidados Preoperatorios/métodos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/prevención & control , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica/etiología , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica/epidemiología , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica/prevención & control , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Vaciamiento Gástrico , Ampolla Hepatopancreática , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirugía , Neoplasias del Conducto Colédoco/cirugía
Acta Ortop Mex ; 38(3): 149-154, 2024.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862144


INTRODUCTION: revision joint replacement surgery presents a surgical challenge. The use of rotating hinge prostheses is an option in patients with femorotibial bone defects, ligament insufficiency, or significant deformities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical, functional, and radiological outcomes of a series of patients who underwent surgery using the GMK Hinge (Medacta®) rotational hinge model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: a descriptive, retrospective, and analytical study was conducted on a series of 36 patients, with a mean age of 72.5 years (47-85), operated on by the same surgical team between January 2015 and January 2022. The etiology of revision was chronic infection in 38.9% of cases, instability in 33.3%, aseptic loosening in 19.4%, and stiffness in 8.4%. The Knee Society Score (KSS) and the Forgotten Joint Score (FJS) were used to assess functional outcomes. The degree of femorotibial bone defect was evaluated using the Anderson Orthopaedic Research Institute (AORI) classification. Postoperative complications are also recorded. RESULTS: a total of 36 patients, 17 males and 19 females, were included, with a mean follow-up of 30 months (12-66). Twelve patients had type 1 defects, ten had 2A defects, ten had 2B defects, and two had type 3 defects on the femoral side, with the use of wedges required for asymmetrical defects (21 patients). The predominant tibial defect was type 1 without the need for wedges. The majority achieved a satisfactory outcome on the KSS scale (72.2 ± 9.4), with significant differences compared to the previous KSS (54.3 ± 8.9). A score of 31 (12-67) was also obtained on the FJS scale. Postoperative complications were present in 16.7% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: complex prosthetic revision surgery using a rotating hinge prosthesis represents a suitable therapeutic option, yielding appropriate clinical and functional outcomes, albeit not without complications.

INTRODUCCIÓN: la cirugía de revisión protésica constituye un reto quirúrgico. La utilización de prótesis tipo bisagra rotatoria es una opción en pacientes con defectos óseos femorotibiales, insuficiencia ligamentosa o importantes deformidades. El objetivo del presente estudio es evaluar los resultados clínicos, funcionales y radiológicos de una serie de pacientes intervenidos mediante un modelo de bisagra rotacional GMK Hinge (Medacta®). MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: estudio descriptivo retrospectivo y analítico que incluyó una serie de 36 pacientes, con edad media de 72.5 años (47-85) intervenidos entre Enero de 2015 y Enero de 2022 por el mismo equipo quirúrgico. La etiología de revisión fue infección crónica en 38.9%, inestabilidad en 33.3%, aflojamiento aséptico en 19.4% y rigidez en 8.4%. Para la evaluación de resultados funcionales se utiliza la escala Knee Society Score (KSS), así como la escala Forgotten Joint Score (FJS). El grado de defecto óseo femorotibial se evaluó mediante la clasificación de Anderson Orthopaedic Research Institute (AORI). También se registraron las complicaciones postquirúrgicas. RESULTADOS: se analizó un total de 36 pacientes, 17 varones y 19 mujeres, con seguimiento medio de 30 meses (12-66). Se encontraron doce pacientes con defectos tipo 1, diez con defectos 2A, diez con defectos 2B y dos con defecto tipo 3 en la vertiente femoral, siendo necesario la utilización de cuñas en defectos asimétricos (21 pacientes). El defecto tibial mayoritario fue el tipo 1 sin necesidad de cuñas. La mayoría obtuvo un resultado satisfactorio en la escala KSS (72.2 ± 9.4), con diferencias significativas respecto al KSS previo (54.3 ± 8.9). Se obtuvo también una puntuación de 31 (12-67) en la escala FJS. Presentaron complicaciones postoperatorias 16.7% de los pacientes. CONCLUSIONES: la cirugía de revisión protésica compleja mediante prótesis tipo bisagra rotacional constituye una correcta opción terapéutica, presentando resultados clínicos y funcionales adecuados, no exentos de complicaciones.

Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla , Prótesis de la Rodilla , Diseño de Prótesis , Reoperación , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Anciano , Estudios Retrospectivos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Rodilla/métodos , Reoperación/estadística & datos numéricos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Falla de Prótesis , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Estudios de Seguimiento , Resultado del Tratamiento
Acta Ortop Mex ; 38(3): 179-187, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862148


Arthrofibrosis is a challenging complication associated with knee injuries in both children and adults. While much is known about managing arthrofibrosis in adults, it is necessary to understand its unique aspects and management strategies in the pediatric population. This paper provides an overview of arthrofibrosis in pediatric orthopedic surgery, focusing on its causes, implications, classifications, and management. This paper is a comprehensive review of the literature and existing research on arthrofibrosis in pediatric patients. Arthrofibrosis is characterized by excessive collagen production and adhesions, leading to restricted joint motion and pain. It is associated with an immune response and fibrosis within and around the joint. Arthrofibrosis can result from various knee injuries in pediatric patients, including tibial spine fractures, ACL and PCL injuries, and extra-articular procedures. Technical factors at the time of surgery play a role in the development of motion loss and should be addressed to minimize complications. Preventing arthrofibrosis through early physical therapy is recommended. Non-operative management, including dynamic splinting and serial casting, has shown some benefits. New pharmacologic approaches to lysis of adhesions have shown promise. Surgical interventions, consisting of arthroscopic lysis of adhesions (LOA) and manipulation under anesthesia (MUA), can significantly improve motion and functional outcomes. Arthrofibrosis poses unique challenges in pediatric patients, demanding a nuanced approach that includes prevention, early intervention with non-operative means, and improvements in surgical techniques. Modern pharmacological interventions offer promise for the future. Customized interventions and research focused on pediatric patients are critical for optimal outcomes.

La artrofibrosis es una complicación difícil asociada con lesiones de rodilla tanto en niños como en adultos. Si bien se sabe mucho sobre el manejo de la artrofibrosis en adultos, es necesario comprender sus aspectos únicos y estrategias de manejo en la población pediátrica. Este documento proporciona una visión general de la artrofibrosis en la cirugía ortopédica pediátrica, centrándose en sus causas, implicaciones, clasificaciones y manejo. Este documento es una revisión completa de la literatura y la investigación existente sobre artrofibrosis en pacientes pediátricos. La artrofibrosis se caracteriza por una producción excesiva de colágeno y adherencias, lo que conduce a un movimiento articular restringido y dolor. Se asocia con una inmunorrespuesta y fibrosis dentro y alrededor de la articulación. La artrofibrosis puede ser el resultado de varias lesiones de rodilla en pacientes pediátricos, incluyendo fracturas de columna tibial, lesiones de LCA y LCP, y procedimientos extraarticulares. Los factores técnicos en el momento de la cirugía desempeñan un papel en el desarrollo de la pérdida de movimiento y deben abordarse para minimizar las complicaciones. Se recomienda prevenir la artrofibrosis a través de la fisioterapia temprana. La gestión no operativa, incluyendo el empalme dinámico y la fundición en serie, ha mostrado algunos beneficios. Los nuevos enfoques farmacológicos a la lisis de adherencias han demostrado ser prometedores. Las intervenciones quirúrgicas, consistentes en lisis artroscópica de adherencias (LOA) y manipulación bajo anestesia (MUA), pueden mejorar significativamente el movimiento y los resultados funcionales. La artrofibrosis plantea desafíos únicos en los pacientes pediátricos, exigiendo un enfoque matizado que incluye prevención, intervención temprana con medios no operatorios y mejoras en las técnicas quirúrgicas. Las intervenciones farmacológicas modernas ofrecen una promesa para el futuro. Las intervenciones e investigaciones personalizadas centradas en pacientes pediátricos son fundamentales para obtener resultados óptimos.

Fibrosis , Procedimientos Ortopédicos , Humanos , Niño , Procedimientos Ortopédicos/métodos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Traumatismos de la Rodilla/cirugía , Adherencias Tisulares/etiología , Artropatías/etiología , Artropatías/cirugía , Artropatías/terapia , Articulación de la Rodilla/cirugía , Articulación de la Rodilla/patología
J Invest Surg ; 37(1): 2363179, 2024 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38862416


BACKGROUND: Temporary stoma formation is common in Crohn's disease (CD), while stoma reversal is associated with postoperative morbidity. This study aimed to evaluate the postoperative outcomes of split stoma reversal, SSR (i.e., exteriorization of proximal and distal ends of the stoma through a small common opening) and end stoma closure, ESC (i.e., the proximal stump externalized, and distal end localized abdominally. METHODS: Patients with CD who underwent stoma reversal surgeries between January 2017 and December 2021 were included. Demographic, clinical, and postoperative data were collected and analyzed to evaluate outcomes of reversal surgery. RESULTS: A total of 255 patients who underwent stoma reversal surgeries met the inclusion criteria. SSR was superior to ESC in terms of operative time (80.0 vs. 120.0, p = 0.0004), intraoperative blood loss volume (20.0 vs. 100.0, p = 0.0002), incision length (3.0 vs. 15.0, p < 0.0001), surgical wound classification (0 vs. 8.3%, p = 0.04), postoperative hospital stay (7.0 vs. 9.0, p = 0.0007), hospital expense (45.6 vs. 54.2, p = 0.0003), and postoperative complications (23.8% vs. 44.3%, p = 0.0040). Although patients in the ESC group experienced more surgical recurrence than those in the SSR group (8.3% vs. 3.2%) during the follow-up, the Kaplan-Meier curve analysis revealed no statistical difference (p = 0.29). CONCLUSIONS: The split stoma can be recommended when stoma construction is indicated in patients with Crohn's disease.

Enfermedad de Crohn , Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Reoperación , Estomas Quirúrgicos , Humanos , Enfermedad de Crohn/cirugía , Femenino , Masculino , Adulto , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/prevención & control , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estomas Quirúrgicos/efectos adversos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Reoperación/estadística & datos numéricos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven , Tiempo de Internación/estadística & datos numéricos , Tempo Operativo , Ileostomía/efectos adversos , Ileostomía/métodos
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg ; 30(6): 406-414, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863295


BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the use of metformin or pioglitazone in preventing or reducing the development of post-operative intra-abdominal adhesion (PIAA) by employing histopathological, immunohistochemical, and biochemical analyses in an experimental adhesion model. METHODS: Fifty Wistar-Albino rats were divided into five groups: Group I (Control), Group II (Sham Treatment), Group III (Hy-aluronic Acid), Group IV (Metformin), and Group V (Pioglitazone). Adhesions were induced in the experimental groups, except for the sham group, using the scraping method. After 10 days, rats were euthanized for evaluation. Macroscopic adhesion degrees were assessed using Nair's scoring system. Immunohistochemical and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) methods were utilized to assess serum, peritoneal lavage, and intestinal tissue samples. Fructosamine, interleukin-6 (IL-6), transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-ß), and fibronectin levels were measured in serum and peritoneal lavage samples. RESULTS: The groups exhibited similar Nair scores and Type I or Type III Collagen staining scores (all, p>0.05). Pioglitazone significantly reduced serum IL-6 and TGF-ß levels compared to controls (p=0.002 and p=0.008, respectively). Both metformin and pioglitazone groups showed elevated IL-6 in peritoneal lavage relative to controls, while fibronectin levels in the lavage were lower in pioglitazone-treated rats compared to the sham group (all, p<0.005). CONCLUSION: Pioglitazone, but not metformin, demonstrated a positive biochemical impact on preventing PIAA formation in an experimental rat model, although histological impacts were not observed. Further experimental studies employing different dose/duration regimens of pioglitazone are needed to enhance our understanding of its effect on PIAA formation.

Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Metformina , Pioglitazona , Ratas Wistar , Animales , Pioglitazona/farmacología , Metformina/farmacología , Adherencias Tisulares/prevención & control , Adherencias Tisulares/tratamiento farmacológico , Ratas , Hipoglucemiantes/farmacología , Masculino , Tiazolidinedionas/farmacología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/prevención & control
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg ; 30(6): 423-429, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38863296


BACKGROUND: Robot-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy (RARP) is increasingly becoming the standard surgical treatment for prostate cancer. While some risk factors for postoperative complications of RARP have been identified, no scoring model that incorporates both preoperative physical status of the patient and intraoperative risk factors has been developed. The Estimation of Physiologic Ability and Surgical Stress (E-PASS) score was initially described to predict postoperative complications after gastrointestinal surgical procedures. This study aims to assess the effectiveness of the E-PASS score in predicting postoperative complications of RARP. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation was conducted on 204 patients who underwent RARP between 2019 and 2022. Demographic data, parameters indicating patients' preoperative physical condition, and intraoperative risk factors were analyzed. The E-PASS score and subscores were calculated for each patient. RESULTS: Of the patients, 164 (80.4%) were discharged without any postoperative complications (Group 1), and 40 (19.6%) experienced various degrees of complications (Group 2). Patients in Group 2 had higher rates of previous abdominal surgery, elevated Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance scores, longer surgical durations, and higher E-PASS scores. To assess the effectiveness of the Comprehensive Risk Score (CRS) as a predictive factor for postoperative complications, a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was constructed with a 95% confidence interval (CI), and a cut-off value was established. The cut-off value for CRS was determined to be -0.0345 (area under the curve [AUC]=0.783, CI: 0.713-0.853; p<0.001). Patients with a CRS higher than the cut-off value had a 16.4 times higher rate of postoperative complications after RARP (95% CI: 5.58-48.5). CONCLUSION: The E-PASS scoring model successfully predicts postoperative complications in patients undergoing RARP by using preoperative data about the physical status of the patient and surgical risk factors. The E-PASS score and its subscores could be utilized as objective criteria to determine the risk of postoperative complications before and immediately after surgery.

Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Prostatectomía , Neoplasias de la Próstata , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados , Humanos , Prostatectomía/métodos , Prostatectomía/efectos adversos , Masculino , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Robotizados/efectos adversos , Anciano , Neoplasias de la Próstata/cirugía , Factores de Riesgo , Medición de Riesgo/métodos , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Curva ROC