Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 25.868
Filtrar
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(19): e19982, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32384450

RESUMEN

Unplanned reoperations have not been studied extensively in pediatric patients, especially concerning risk factors. We aim to estimate the rate of unplanned reoperations and to determine the associated factors in pediatric general surgical specialties.This analysis included a retrospective case-control study of unplanned reoperations from July 1, 2010 to June 30, 2017 in the general surgical specialties. For each case, we identified approximately 2 randomly selected controls who underwent the same type of operation. The factors involved in the unplanned reoperations were investigated using univariate and multivariate analysis.Of the 3263 patients who underwent surgery, unplanned reoperations were performed in 139 patients (4.3%). The main indications for unplanned reoperations were wound complications (n = 52, 42.6%), followed by postoperative ileus (n = 12, 9.8%), postoperative bleeding (n = 8, 6.6%), and intraabdominal infection (n = 13, 10.7%). Following multivariate analysis, 2 factors remained significantly associated with unplanned reoperation: higher initial surgery-related risk level (P = .007, risk ratio (RR) = 0.48; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.27-0.82) and operation performed outside working hours (P = .031, RR = 0.52; 95% CI = 0.30-0.89).Various patient- and procedure-related factors were associated with unplanned reoperations. This information might be helpful for the optimization of treatment planning and resource allocation.


Asunto(s)
Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Indicadores de Calidad de la Atención de Salud , Reoperación , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Operativos/efectos adversos , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Preescolar , China/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Evaluación de Procesos y Resultados en Atención de Salud , Readmisión del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Mejoramiento de la Calidad , Reoperación/métodos , Reoperación/estadística & datos numéricos , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Operativos/estadística & datos numéricos
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(19): e20018, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32384460

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Parkinson disease (PD) is a progressive neuromuscular disease associated with bradykinesia, tremor, and postural instability. We aimed to compare outcomes and complications of total hip arthroplasty (THA) between patients with PD and those without. METHODS: A single institution retrospective cohort from 2000 to 2018 was reviewed. PD patients were matched 1:2 with non-PD control patients for age, gender, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, and body mass index using a propensity score matching procedure. The primary outcome measures were postoperative complications and revision between PD and cohort groups. Secondary outcome measures were Harris Hip Score, hip range of motion, patient satisfaction, and surgery time. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression were used to determine the relationship between PD and surgical outcomes in the matched cohort. RESULTS: Using prospectively collated data, we identified 35 PD patients after primary THA. A control cohort of 70 primary THA patients was matched. CONCLUSION: Our hypothesis was that PD would have adverse impact on complication rates, range of movement, or improvement in functional outcome after subsequent THA. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5446).


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos , Osteoartritis de la Cadera , Enfermedad de Parkinson/complicaciones , Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Recuperación de la Función , Reoperación , Anciano , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/métodos , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Protocolos Clínicos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Tempo Operativo , Osteoartritis de la Cadera/complicaciones , Osteoartritis de la Cadera/cirugía , Evaluación de Resultado en la Atención de Salud , Prioridad del Paciente , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/diagnóstico , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Rango del Movimiento Articular , Reoperación/métodos , Reoperación/estadística & datos numéricos
3.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 22(5): 315-319, 2020 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378825

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Buried bumper syndrome (BBS) mostly occurs as a late complication after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) insertion; however, early BBS has been rarely reported, and the treatment of this condition is still unclear. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the Seldinger technique for treatment of early BBS after PEG insertion. METHODS: We report two cases of early BBS in two consecutive patients who underwent PEG insertion to maintain oral intake. The first patient was an 83-year-old woman showing Alzheimer type dementia, while the other one was a 76-year-old man who presented with maxillary cancer and treated with radiotherapy followed by left maxillectomy. Post-surgery, he developed progressive difficulty of swallowing due to mouth deformation and treatment related nerve toxicity. The first patient presented with fever and purulent discharge from the gastrostomy insertion site, without ability to rotate or slide the tube through the stoma 10 days after the PEG insertion. The man was admitted to the hospital 5 days following PEG insertion due to a fever of 38°C and peritubal swelling with purulent discharge. In addition, the tube could not rotate or slide through the stoma. RESULTS: Buried bumper syndrome was demonstrated by computed tomography scan. Gastroscopy and gastrostomy tube replacement was performed successfully according to the Seldinger technique (replacement over guidewire) in both cases. Correct intragastric tube positioning was demonstrated radiographically before resuming tube feeding. The two patients were discharged in good physical condition several days later. CONCLUSIONS: External replacement over guide wire should be considered in such cases.


Asunto(s)
Nutrición Enteral/instrumentación , Gastrostomía/instrumentación , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Remoción de Dispositivos/métodos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Sistemas de Atención de Punto , Retratamiento , Factores de Tiempo
4.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(4): 414-422, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228075

RESUMEN

AIMS: To compare long-term survival of all-cemented and hybrid total hip arthroplasty (THA) using the Exeter Universal stem. METHODS: Details of 1,086 THAs performed between 1999 and 2005 using the Exeter stem and either a cemented (632) or uncemented acetabular component (454) were collected from local records and the New Zealand Joint Registry. A competing risks regression survival analysis was performed with death as the competing risk with adjustments made for age, sex, approach, and bearing. RESULTS: There were 61 revisions (9.7%; 0.82 revisions/100 observed component years, (OCYs)) in the all-cemented group and 18 (4.0%; 0.30/100 OCYs) in the hybrid group. The cumulative incidence of revision at 18 years was 12.1% for cemented and 5.2% for hybrids. There was a significantly greater risk of revision for all-cemented compared with hybrids (unadjusted sub-hazard ratio (SHR) 2.44; p = 0.001), and of revision for loosening, wear, or osteolysis (unadjusted SHR 3.77; p < 0.001). After adjustment, the increased risk of all-cause revision did not reach significance at age 70 years and above. The advantage for revision for loosening, wear, and osteolysis remained at all ages. CONCLUSION: This study supports the use of uncemented acetabular fixation when used in combination with the Exeter stem with improved survivorship for revision for aseptic loosening, wear, and osteolysis at all ages and for all-cause revision in patients less than 70 years. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(4):414-422.


Asunto(s)
Acetábulo/cirugía , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/métodos , Cementación/métodos , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos , Cementos para Huesos , Cementación/efectos adversos , Femenino , Prótesis de Cadera , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Osteólisis/etiología , Osteólisis/cirugía , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Diseño de Prótesis , Falla de Prótesis/etiología , Sistema de Registros , Reoperación/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores de Riesgo , Análisis de Supervivencia
6.
Am Surg ; 86(3): 232-236, 2020 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32223803

RESUMEN

A modern approach to incisional hernia is oriented toward midline restoration to re-establish abdominal wall physiology and to restore muscular strength. A high-protein diet has been demonstrated to improve muscle function and mass. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the effect of a high-protein diet on abdominal muscle remodeling in patients submitted to abdominal wall reconstruction (AWR). Forty-five patients submitted to elective AWR were prospectively divided into two groups depending on pre- and postoperative daily protein assumption: Group A patients were submitted to a standard 2300 kcal diet with 103 g of protein intake (males) and 1800 kcal diet with 80 g of protein intake (females) starting one month before surgery and lasting for three months postoperatively; Group B patients were submitted to the same dietary regimen plus 34 g of purified proteins daily. Patients underwent ultrasound scan preoperatively and three and six months after surgery, to evaluate the widest thickness of the rectus abdominis muscle on the transverse umbilical line. Three patients reporting hernia recurrence were excluded. No significant difference among the two groups in muscle thickness growth after surgery was observed at three months after surgery, even if a favorable trend in Group B was noted (10% vs 19%, P = not significant). At six months after surgery, Group B patients showed a significant difference in muscle thickening (13% vs 32%, P < 0.05 ). The study demonstrates a positive effect of a protein diet on the rectus abdominis muscle thickening after AWR. Further studies are needed.


Asunto(s)
Abdominoplastia/métodos , Proteínas en la Dieta/administración & dosificación , Herniorrafia/métodos , Hernia Incisional/cirugía , Cicatrización de Heridas/fisiología , Pared Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagen , Pared Abdominal/cirugía , Anciano , Estudios de Cohortes , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Electivos , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Fuerza Muscular/fisiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/fisiopatología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Estudios Prospectivos , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Reconstructivos/métodos , Factores de Tiempo , Resultado del Tratamiento , Ultrasonografía Doppler/métodos
7.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 22(4): 241-243, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32286028

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Transurethral prostatectomy is the gold standard surgical treatment of bladder outlet obstruction due to benign enlargement of the prostate, with more than 30,000 procedures performed annually in the United States alone. The success rate of this minimally invasive procedure is high and the results are durable. The development of urethral stricture is a long-term complication of the procedure and is noted in about 2% of patients. The stricture narrows the urethral lumen, leading to re-appearance of obstructive urinary symptoms. Traditionally, the evaluation of the stricture was performed by retrograde urethrography. Advancements in the fields of flexible endoscopy allowed rapid inspection of the urethra and immediate dilatation of the stricture in selected cases. OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of urethrography versus cystoscopy in the evaluation of urethral strictures following transurethral prostatectomy. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of a series of 32 consecutive patients treated due to post-transurethral resection of prostate (TURP) urethral stricture. RESULTS: Twenty patients underwent both tests. In 16 there was concordance between the two tests. Four patients had no pathological findings in urethrography but had strictures in cystoscopy. All strictures were short (up to 10 mm) and were easily treated during cystoscopy, with no complaints or re-surgery needed in 24 months follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Cystoscopy was superior to urethrography in the evaluation of post-TURP strictures. Strictures where often short and treated during the same procedure. We recommend that cystoscopy be the procedure of choice in evaluating obstructive urinary symptoms after TURP, and retrograde urethrography be preserved for selected cases.


Asunto(s)
Cistoscopía/métodos , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirugía , Resección Transuretral de la Próstata/métodos , Uretra/diagnóstico por imagen , Estrechez Uretral/diagnóstico , Urografía/métodos , Anciano , Estudios de Cohortes , Cistografía/métodos , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Israel , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/diagnóstico por imagen , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Hiperplasia Prostática/complicaciones , Hiperplasia Prostática/diagnóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Resección Transuretral de la Próstata/efectos adversos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Estrechez Uretral/etiología , Estrechez Uretral/cirugía , Obstrucción del Cuello de la Vejiga Urinaria/diagnóstico , Obstrucción del Cuello de la Vejiga Urinaria/etiología , Obstrucción del Cuello de la Vejiga Urinaria/cirugía
8.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(3): 247-251, 2020 Mar 23.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252205

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the causes and influencing factors of unplanned reoperation in head and neck neoplasms. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of the operation treated patients with head and neck neoplasm in Cancer Hospital Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from 2016 to 2018. Results: Among 15 113 cases of head and neck neoplasms, 122 cases underwent unplanned reoperation, with an incidence of 0.81%. Unplanned reoperation mainly occurred within 24 hours after operation. The main causes of reoperation were bleeding (65.57%), lymphatic fistula (15.57%) and vascular crisis (9.84%). Sex, surgical site, grade of the first operation, grade of incision and grade of American Society of Anesthesiologists were associated with unplanned reoperations. The first surgical sites with higher probability of unplanned reoperation were tonsils (15.79%), gingiva (8.93%), oropharynx (8.33%), hypopharynx (4.79%) and tongue (3.17%), respectively. Unplanned reoperation resulted in an average expand of 121.66% in hospitalization time and 99.35% in hospitalization expenses. Conclusions: Unplanned reoperation increases hospital operating costs and patients' burden. We should pay close attention to the situation of patients within 24 hours after operation, and focus on preventing bleeding, lymphatic fistula and vascular crisis.We should make adequate preoperative evaluation and preparation for elderly male patients with high surgical grade, surgical incision and ASA grade, especially for the patients whose surgical sites were tonsil, gingiva, oropharynx, hypopharynx and tongue.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/cirugía , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Hemorragia Posoperatoria/prevención & control , Reoperación/estadística & datos numéricos , Anciano , Pérdida de Sangre Quirúrgica , Neoplasias de Cabeza y Cuello/patología , Humanos , Incidencia , Tiempo de Internación , Masculino , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo
9.
Int J Surg ; 76: 114-119, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32169570

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Prosthetic repair of inguinal hernias is one of the most performed surgical procedures. Nevertheless, high rates of complications affect the surgical treatment. Implant fixation, poor-quality tissue ingrowth and mesh shrinkage seem to be involved in postoperative complications, discomfort and chronic pain following inguinal hernia repair. To address these issues a multilamellar shaped 3D dynamic responsive prosthesis has been developed. This new implant, positioned fixation-free to obliterate the hernia opening, thanks its inherent dynamic compliance during inguinal movements, has demonstrated to induce an enhanced biological response. The ingrowth of newly formed muscle fibers, arteries and veins in a surrounding of viable connective tissue could be evidenced into the implant fabric. This appears to be quite different from the fibrotic plaque, typical biologic response of conventional meshes. In addition to myocytes and vessels, newly ingrown nerves have also been detected in the prosthetic structure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The aim of this investigation was to determine by examining biopsy specimens excised from patients who underwent hernia repair with the 3D dynamic implant, quantity and quality of the neural ingrowth within the implant fabric in the short, medium, and long term post-implantation. RESULTS: Newly formed nervous structures were found in biopsy specimens, from multiple spots of nerve clusters evidenced in the short-term along the increased level of neural maturation in the midterm, until the nerves showed complete in all components in the long-term. CONCLUSION: The development of highly specialized nervous tissue in the 3D prosthesis seems to finalize the regenerative biologic response that is expected for the treatment of a degenerative disease, as, in fact, inguinal hernia is. Re-growth of the typical tissue components of the groin evidenced in the 3D dynamic prosthesis seems to effectively revert the degenerative source of inguinal hernia into regeneration of the vanished tissue components of the groin.


Asunto(s)
Hernia Inguinal , Herniorrafia , Impresión Tridimensional , Implantación de Prótesis , Miembros Artificiales , Ingle/cirugía , Hernia Inguinal/cirugía , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Implantación de Prótesis/métodos , Investigación Cualitativa , Mallas Quirúrgicas
10.
JAMA ; 323(11): 1077-1084, 2020 Mar 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32181848

RESUMEN

Importance: Consensus guidelines and systematic reviews have suggested that cemented fixation is more effective than uncemented fixation in hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures. Given that these recommendations are based on research performed outside the United States, it is uncertain whether these findings also reflect the US experience. Objective: To compare the outcomes associated with cemented vs uncemented hemiarthroplasty in a large US integrated health care system. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cohort study of 12 491 patients aged 60 years and older who underwent hemiarthroplasty treatment of a hip fracture between 2009 and 2017 at 1 of the 36 hospitals owned by Kaiser Permanente, a large US health maintenance organization. Patients were followed up until membership termination, death, or the study end date of December 31, 2017. Exposures: Hemiarthroplasty (prosthetic replacement of the femoral head) fixation via bony growth into a porous-coated implant (uncemented) or with cement. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome measure was aseptic revision, defined as any reoperation performed after the index procedure involving exchange of the existing implant for reasons other than infection. Secondary outcomes were mortality (in-hospital, postdischarge, and overall), 90-day medical complications, 90-day emergency department visits, and 90-day unplanned readmissions. Results: Among 12 491 patients in the study cohort who underwent hemiarthroplasty for hip fracture (median age, 83 years; 8660 women [69.3%]), 6042 (48.4%) had undergone uncemented fixation and 6449 (51.6%) had undergone cemented fixation, and the median length of follow-up was 3.8 years. In the multivariable regression analysis controlling for confounders, uncemented fixation was associated with a significantly higher risk of aseptic revision (cumulative incidence at 1 year after operation, 3.0% vs 1.3%; absolute difference, 1.7% [95% CI, 1.1%-2.2%]; hazard ratio [HR], 1.77 [95% CI, 1.43-2.19]; P < .001). Of the 6 prespecified secondary end points, none showed a statistically significant difference between groups, including in-hospital mortality (1.7% for uncemented fixation vs 2.0% for cemented fixation; HR, 0.94 [95% CI, 0.73-1.21]; P = .61) and overall mortality (cumulative incidence at 1 year after operation: 20.0% for uncemented fixation vs 22.8% for cemented fixation; HR, 0.95 [95% CI, 0.90-1.01]; P = .08). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with hip fracture treated with hemiarthroplasty in a large US integrated health care system, uncemented fixation, compared with cemented fixation, was associated with a statistically significantly higher risk of aseptic revision. These findings suggest that US surgeons should consider cemented fixation in the hemiarthroplasty treatment of displaced femoral neck fractures in the absence of contraindications.


Asunto(s)
Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/métodos , Cementos para Huesos , Fracturas del Cuello Femoral/cirugía , Prótesis de Cadera , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Reoperación/estadística & datos numéricos , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/efectos adversos , Artroplastia de Reemplazo de Cadera/mortalidad , Femenino , Mortalidad Hospitalaria , Humanos , Incidencia , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Tempo Operativo , Readmisión del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Diseño de Prótesis , Estudios Retrospectivos , Riesgo , Estados Unidos
11.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(5): e97-e99, 2020 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081032

RESUMEN

Laparoscopic Heller myotomy is the mainstay surgical treatment of oesophageal achalasia and has proven to be safe and effective over the course of time. Oesophageal perforation after myotomy can be a serious complication with devastating outcomes. Most commonly, mucosal perforation are detected intraoperatively or early postoperatively. We present an extremely rare case of late oesophageal perforation in a 28-year-old man treated with laparoscopic Heller myotomy for type II oesophageal achalasia, and its successful minimally invasive repair with laparoscopic primary suturing.


Asunto(s)
Acalasia del Esófago/cirugía , Perforación del Esófago/cirugía , Miotomía de Heller/efectos adversos , Hiperfagia/complicaciones , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Adulto , Perforación del Esófago/diagnóstico por imagen , Perforación del Esófago/etiología , Humanos , Laparoscopía , Masculino , Neumoperitoneo/diagnóstico por imagen , Neumoperitoneo/etiología , Neumoperitoneo/cirugía , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/diagnóstico por imagen , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Técnicas de Sutura , Factores de Tiempo , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X , Resultado del Tratamiento
14.
Ann Surg ; 271(3): 449-459, 2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32106173

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to systematically review and meta-analyze the available evidence regarding the association between timing of repair or referral and clinical outcomes in bile duct injury (BDI). BACKGROUND: Surgical repair is recommended for patients with complex BDI following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. However, consensus on the timing of surgery or referral to a specialist is lacking. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Scopus for eligible studies. The coprimary outcomes were repair failure in follow-up and postoperative complications. We pooled odds ratios (ORs) using random-effects models. RESULTS: We included 32 studies. The rate of repair failure was significantly higher for early versus delayed repair [OR 1.65, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.14-2.37, P= 0.007], lower for early versus delayed referral (OR 0.28, 95% CI 0.17-0.45, P < 0.001), but did not differ substantially for on-table versus postcholecystectomy repair (OR 2.06, 95% CI 0.89-4.73, P = 0.09). Regarding postoperative complications, early referral outperformed delayed referral (OR 0.24, 95% CI 0.09-0.68, P= 0.007); however, we found no significant differences between early and delayed repair (OR 1.34, 95% CI 0.96-1.87, P= 0.08), or between on-table and postcholecystectomy repair (OR 1.13, 95% CI 0.42-3.07, P= 0.81). At the cutoff time point of 6 weeks, early repair was associated with increased rates of repair failure (OR 4.03; P < 0.001), postoperative complications (OR 2.18; P < 0.001), and biliary stricture (OR 6.23; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with BDI, early referral and delayed repair appear to confer favorable outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Conductos Biliares/lesiones , Conductos Biliares/cirugía , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos del Sistema Biliar , Colecistectomía Laparoscópica , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Tiempo de Tratamiento , Humanos , Enfermedad Iatrogénica , Derivación y Consulta , Insuficiencia del Tratamiento
15.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 22(2): 89-93, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043325

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There are several ways to remove silicone oil (SO) from the vitreous cavity. OBJECTIVES: To describe a simple, safe and inexpensive method of 2-port SO removal. METHODS: Medical charts of 33 patients who underwent SO removal combined with cataract extraction were retrospectively reviewed, from a cohort of 119 patients who had silicone oil removal. The primary outcome was the rate of re-detachment, secondary outcomes included visual acuity (VA) and intraoperative and postoperative complications. RESULTS: Mean follow-up time was 27.6 months (0.25-147 ± 33.1), and mean tamponade duration prior to SO removal was 16.77 months (4-51.5 ± 14.6). The re-detachment rate was 3% (one patient). Postoperatively, seven patients (20%) had epiretinal membrane (ERM), eight patients had posterior capsule opacification (24%), and proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) was diagnosed in two patients (6%). Compared to the mean VA (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution [LogMAR]) at the preoperative examination, the mean VA (LogMAR) improved significantly at the last visit when including all ranges of VA (n=32, LogMAR 1.52 vs. 1.05 P = 0.0002 [Student's t-test] and P = 0.001 [Wilcoxon test]). CONCLUSIONS: The technique described is fast and simple, keeping the posterior capsule intact in pseudophakic patients, which is advantageous in the event of future re-detachment necessitating SO reinjection. Rates of re-detachment and postoperative ERM and PVR were low. Furthermore, our method does not require the use of a surgical microscope with posterior segment viewing systems, or opening a full disposable vitrectomy set, thus drastically reducing the procedure's cost.


Asunto(s)
Endotaponamiento/métodos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Desprendimiento de Retina , Aceites de Silicona/uso terapéutico , Succión , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/diagnóstico , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Recurrencia , Reoperación/métodos , Reoperación/estadística & datos numéricos , Desprendimiento de Retina/diagnóstico , Desprendimiento de Retina/fisiopatología , Desprendimiento de Retina/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos , Succión/efectos adversos , Succión/métodos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Agudeza Visual , Cirugía Vitreorretiniana/métodos
16.
Cir. pediátr ; 33(1): 16-19, ene. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-186132

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Evaluar la sensibilidad y especificidad de la ecografía en las sospechas de quistes del conducto tirogloso (QCT) intervenidas en nuestro centro y su correlación con los hallazgos quirúrgicos. Material y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de 150 pacientes intervenidos por nódulo en línea media cervical sugestivo de QCT (2008-2018). Recogida de variables epidemiológicas y comparación de la correlación de imagen ecográfica con hallazgos quirúrgicos, considerando la presencia de episodios de sobreinfección previos. Resultados: La edad media de intervención fue de 3,96 años (0,75-12,58 años), siendo 69 mujeres y 81 hombres. De 150 pacientes, 110 presentaron ecografía compatible con QCT, confirmándose el diagnóstico por anatomía patológica en 80 casos. De los 40 pacientes con ecografía no compatible, en 15 se confirmó diagnóstico de QCT. En 95 pacientes del total se identificó QCT. El resto fueron diagnosticados de quiste dermoide (49), adenopatía (4) y malformación vascular (2). La sensibilidad ecográfica fue del 84% y la especificidad del 45%, el valor predictivo positivo del 73% y valor predictivo negativo del 62%. El 62,1% (59) de los QCT tuvo episodio de sobreinfección, precisando drenaje quirúrgico 16,7%. El 13,6% presentó recidiva tras técnica de Sistrunk. No se encontró relación estadísticamente significativa entre episodios previos de infección y recidiva postquirúrgica, ni entre drenaje (espontáneo o quirúrgico) y recidiva del quiste. Conclusiones: A pesar de la importancia de la ecografía para valorar tiroides eutópico en sospechas de QCT, su resultado en el estudio de quistes cervicales tiene baja especificidad, debiendo primar el criterio del facultativo


Objective: Evaluate ultrasound (US) sensitivity and specificity in suspected thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDC) undergoing surgery in our hospital, and their correlation with surgical findings. Materials and methods: Retrospective study of 150 patients under-going surgery for midline neck mass suggestive of TGDC (2008-2018). We analyzed epidemiological variables and compared the correlation between diagnostic ultrasound imaging and surgical findings, considering previous episodes of local infection. Results: Mean age at surgery was 3.96 years (0.75-12.58 years). Of the 150 patients, 81 were male and 69 were female. Following ultrasound examination, 110 were suspected to have TGDC, and diagnosis was confirmed after surgery in 80 cases. Of the remaining 40 cases without TGDC-compatible US examination, TGDC was confirmed in 15 cases. The rest were diagnosed with dermoid cyst (49), lymphadenopathy (4), and vascular malformation (2). US sensitivity was 84%, while specific-ity was 45%, with a positive predictive value of 73%, and a negative predictive value of 62%. In 62.1% (59) of TGDCs, a previous infection episode had been described, with 16.7% of cases requiring surgical drainage. 13.6% had recurrence after Sistrunk technique. There was no statistically significant relationship between previous infection episodes and postsurgical recurrence, or between surgical or spontaneous drain-age and cyst recurrence. Conclusions: Even though US role in eutopic thyroid gland identification cannot be doubted, it provides with low specificity in the study of midline neck masses. Therefore, the physician’s opinion should be prioritize


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Preescolar , Lactante , Quiste Tirogloso/diagnóstico por imagen , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Quiste Tirogloso/cirugía , Sobreinfección/complicaciones , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Estudios Retrospectivos
17.
Cir. pediátr ; 33(1): 20-24, ene. 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-186133

RESUMEN

Introducción: El sobrepeso y la obesidad constituyen factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de complicaciones postquirúrgicas en apendicitis aguda en adultos. Sin embargo, pocos estudios han evaluado sus efectos en pacientes pediátricos. Nuestro objetivo es analizar su influencia en el curso postoperatorio de la apendicitis aguda en niños. Material y métodos: Estudio de cohortes prospectivo realizado en pacientes intervenidos de apendicitis aguda durante 2017-2018, distribuidos en dos cohortes según el IMC ajustado al sexo y edad de cada individuo siguiendo los criterios de la OMS: cohorte expuesta (sobrepeso-obesidad) y no expuesta (normopeso). Se evaluaron variables demográficas, tiempo quirúrgico, estancia media hospitalaria y complicaciones postoperatorias precoces (infección y dehiscencia de herida quirúrgica y absceso intraabdominal). Resultados: Se incluyeron un total de 403 pacientes (cohorte expuesta n= 97 y cohorte no expuesta n= 306) sin diferencias en sexo y edad. La cohorte expuesta presentó un mayor tiempo quirúrgico (57,6 ± 22,5 minutos vs 44,6 ± 18,2 minutos; p< 0,001), sin diferencias en cuanto a la técnica quirúrgica realizada (abierta o laparoscópica). Este grupo presentó mayor tasa de infección de herida quirúrgica al compararla con la cohorte no expuesta (10,3% vs 4,2%; RR 1,90 IC95% [1,15-3,14]; p< 0,001), así como una mayor tasa de dehiscencia de herida quirúrgica (10,3% vs 4,2%; RR 2,16 IC95% [1,24-3,76]; p< 0,001). No se observaron diferencias en el desarrollo de abscesos intraabdominales ni en la estancia media hospitalaria. Conclusiones: El sobrepeso y obesidad infantil constituyen un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de complicaciones postoperatorias en la apendicitis aguda, como infección y dehiscencia de la herida quirúrgica


Introduction: Overweight and obesity are risk factors for the de-velopment of postsurgical complications in acute appendicitis in adults. However, there are few studies that evaluate their effects in pediatric patients. We aim to analyze their influence on the postoperative course of acute appendicitis in children. Materials and methods: A prospective cohort study was performed in patients undergoing surgery for acute appendicitis in 2017-2018, divided into two cohorts according to BMI adjusted to sex and age, following the WHO criteria: exposed cohort (overweight-obese) and non-exposed cohort (normal weight). Clinical follow-up was performed during hospital admission and one month after surgery. Demographic variables, operating time, average hospital stay, and early postoperative complications (wound infection, wound dehiscence, and intra-abdominal abscess) were assessed. Results: A total of 403 patients were included (exposed cohort n=97 and non-exposed cohort n=306), with no differences in sex or age. A longer operating time was observed in the exposed cohort (57.6 ± 22.5 vs. 44.6 ± 18.2min, p<0.001), with no differences found according to the surgical approach (open surgery or laparoscopic surgery) used. This group also had a higher surgical wound infection rate as compared to the non-exposed cohort (10.3% vs. 4.2%; RR: 1.90; CI: 95% [1.15-3.14], p<0.001), as well as a higher surgical wound dehiscence rate (7.2% vs. 2.3%; RR: 2.16; CI: 95% [1.24-3.76], p<0.001). No differences in the development of intra-abdominal abscesses or in hospital stay were observed. Conclusions: Obese and overweight children with appendicitis have a higher risk of developing postoperative complications such as wound infection and dehiscence than normal weight patients


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Niño , Adolescente , Sobrepeso , Obesidad Pediátrica/complicaciones , Apendicitis/cirugía , Estudios de Cohortes , Factores de Riesgo , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Infección de la Herida Quirúrgica , Estudios Prospectivos , Dehiscencia de la Herida Operatoria , Absceso Abdominal
18.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(1): 54-61, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891669

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Studies have attempted to identify prognostic indicators for successful outcomes following bariatric surgery for obesity. The aim of this study was to determine whether the degree of obesity affects outcomes in patients who are morbidly obese (basal metabolic index, BMI, 40-49.9 kg/m2), super-obese (BMI 50-59.9 kg/m2) and super-super-obese (BMI greater than 60 kg/m2) undergoing restrictive or malabsorptive bypass procedures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of a prospectively maintained database was undertaken to include all consecutive laparoscopic adjustable gastric bands (LAGB), laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomies (LSG) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) procedures since 2010. Patients with at least two years of follow-up were included. At each visit, the patient's weight, BMI, excess weight loss and comorbidity status were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 353 patients (75% women) were included in the analysis; 65 (18.4%) underwent LAGB; 70 (19.8%) LSG and 218 (61.8%) LRYGB. At presentation, the median BMI for the morbidly obese sub-group was 47.2 kg/m2 for LAGB, 46.4 kg/m2 for LSG and 46.6 kg/m2 for LRYGB (P = 0.625); for the super-obese sub-group it was 53.2 kg/m2 for LAGB, 52.9 kg/m2 for LSG and 52.4 kg/m2 for LRYGB (P = 0.481); and for the super-super-obese sub-group 66.9 kg/m2 for (LAGB, 66.7 kg/m2 for LSG and 61.5 kg/m2 for LRYGB (P = 0.169). Percentage of excess weight loss at the end of two years was significantly higher in the morbidly obese and super-morbidly obese sub-groups undergoing LRYGB (median 68.5% and 69.5%, respectively; P < 0.001) than in the sub-groups undergoing LAGB and LSG. This was also reflected in the reduction of BMI achieved with bypass in the two sub-groups (P < 0.001). Complete diabetes remission was significantly higher in the morbidly obese and super-morbidly obese sub-groups undergoing LRYGB treatment (P < 0.05). Sleep apnoea, asthma and exercise tolerance had significantly improved in the super-morbidly obese undergoing LRYGB (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between the three treatment groups in remission of hypertension; dyslipidaemia; gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and depression in all three BMI sub-groups. CONCLUSION: The mid-term results for weight loss and resolution of obesity-related comorbidities is best achieved in super-obese patients undergoing LRYGB, without any significant increase in complications with this procedure as compared with LAGB and LSG.


Asunto(s)
Cirugía Bariátrica/métodos , Peso Corporal/fisiología , Laparoscopía/métodos , Obesidad Mórbida/cirugía , Adulto , Cirugía Bariátrica/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Laparoscopía/estadística & datos numéricos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Readmisión del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Estudios Prospectivos , Reoperación/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Pérdida de Peso/fisiología
20.
Acta Orthop ; 91(2): 146-151, 2020 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928100

RESUMEN

Background and purpose - About one-fourth of hip fracture patients have cognitive impairment. We investigated whether patients' cognitive function affects surgical treatment, risk of reoperation, and mortality after hip fracture, based on data in the Norwegian Hip Fracture Register (NHFR).Patients and methods - This prospective cohort study included 87,573 hip fractures reported to the NHFR in 2005-2017. Hazard rate ratios (HRRs) for risk of reoperation and mortality were calculated using Cox regression adjusted for sex, age, ASA class, fracture type, and surgical method.Results - Cognitive impairment was reported in 27% of patients. They were older (86 vs. 82 years) and had higher ASA class than non-impaired patients. There were no differences in fracture type or operation methods. Cognitively impaired patients had a lower overall reoperation rate (4.7% vs. 8.9%, HRR 0.71; 95% CI 0.66-0.76) and lower risk of reoperation after osteosynthesis (HRR 0.58; CI 0.53-0.63) than non-impaired patients. Cognitively impaired hip fracture patients had an increased reoperation risk after hemiarthroplasty (HRR 1.2; CI 1.1-1.4), mainly due to dislocations (1.5% vs. 1.0%, HRR 1.7; CI 1.3-2.1). Risk of dislocation was particularly high following the posterior approach (4.7% vs. 2.8%, HRR 1.8; CI 1.2-2.7). Further, they had a higher risk of reoperation due to periprosthetic fracture after uncemented hemiarthroplasty (HRR 1.6; CI 1.0-2.6). Cognitively impaired hip fracture patients had higher 1-year mortality than those without cognitive impairment (38% vs. 16%, HRR 2.1; CI 2.1-2.2).Interpretation - Our findings support giving cognitively impaired patients the same surgical treatment as non-impaired patients. But since the risk of hemiprosthesis dislocation and periprosthetic fracture was higher in cognitively impaired patients, they should probably not have posterior approach surgery or uncemented implants.


Asunto(s)
Disfunción Cognitiva/complicaciones , Fracturas de Cadera/cirugía , Reoperación/estadística & datos numéricos , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Disfunción Cognitiva/epidemiología , Femenino , Fijación Interna de Fracturas/efectos adversos , Fijación Interna de Fracturas/estadística & datos numéricos , Hemiartroplastia/efectos adversos , Hemiartroplastia/estadística & datos numéricos , Fracturas de Cadera/epidemiología , Fracturas de Cadera/psicología , Prótesis de Cadera/efectos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Noruega/epidemiología , Fracturas Periprotésicas/epidemiología , Fracturas Periprotésicas/etiología , Fracturas Periprotésicas/cirugía , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/cirugía , Estudios Prospectivos , Infecciones Relacionadas con Prótesis/epidemiología , Infecciones Relacionadas con Prótesis/cirugía , Sistema de Registros , Medición de Riesgo/métodos
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA