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3.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 325-334, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30372374

RESUMEN

This article explores the development of LGBTQ studies and scholarship in Bulgaria. In part, it brings to the forefront the personal experiences of some of the first Bulgarian scholars working on LGBTQ studies. The personal is interpreted in part through explorations of Bourdieu's concept of "symbolic violence." Elaborating on the challenges regarding the emergence and the development of LGBTQ studies on an institutional and personal level, I discuss three main topics: (1) the emergence and the development of LGBTQ scholarship and university courses in Bulgaria; (2) the main institutional obstacles and the "symbolic violence" within the academia against scholars dealing with LGBTQ subjects, including issues of funding, evaluation, and discrimination; and (3) the future development of the subject in Bulgaria, with a particular attention to the need for "LGBTQ studies solidarity" to overcome the disadvantaged position of LGBTQ scholars in post-socialist countries.


Asunto(s)
Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Bulgaria , Educación/tendencias , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Investigación/tendencias , Comunicación Académica , Socialismo , Universidades , Violencia
4.
Interface (Botucatu, Online) ; 24: e190192, 2020. tab, graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040189

RESUMEN

O texto resgata os vinte anos do eixo Educação na revista Interface e problematiza essa trajetória a partir de suas publicações. O olhar para esses trabalhos revela as tendências predominantes e reflete acerca dos desafios para as próximas décadas. As categorias de análise: Formação Profissional em Saúde; Políticas de Reorientação da Formação Profissional em Saúde/Docência em Saúde; Práticas Educativas em Saúde e Fundamentos Teóricos e/ou Metodológicos da Educação são acionadas para contemplar o conjunto de temáticas abordadas pelos autores no período histórico do estudo e nos diferentes espaços da revista, em estreita relação com suas finalidades no âmbito da socialização do conhecimento no campo da educação e saúde. Conclui-se que o periódico tem se mostrado espaço importante de sistematização e reflexões tanto dos desafios gerais da educação quanto dos específicos da educação em saúde, potencializando avanços qualitativos na formação profissional.(AU)


The text provides an overview of the twenty years of the Education axis in the journal Interface and analyzes this trajectory based on its publications. The examination of the articles reveals the predominant trends and enables us to reflect on the challenges to the next decades. The categories of analysis: Professional Health Education, Reorientation Policies for Professional Health Education/Health Teaching, Educational Health Practices and Theoretical and/or Methodological Foundations of Education are employed to encompass the set of themes approached by the authors in the historical period of the study, in the journal's different spaces, in a close relationship to the journal's purposes in the sphere of socialization of knowledge in the field of education and health. The conclusion is that Interface has been an important space for the systematization of the general challenges of education and of the specific challenges of health education, as well as for careful reflection on them, potentializing qualitative advances in professional education.(AU)


El texto rescata los veinte años del eje Educación en la revista Interface y problematiza esa trayectoria a partir de sus publicaciones. La mirada hacia esos trabajos revela las tendencias predominantes y reflexiona sobre los desafíos para las próximas décadas. Las categorías de análisis: Formación Profesional en Salud; Políticas de Reorientación de la Formación Profesional en Salud/ Docencia en Salud; Prácticas Educativas en Salud y Fundamentos Teóricos y/o Metodológicos de la Educación se ponen en acción para contemplar el conjunto de temas abordados por los autores en el período histórico del estudio, en los diferentes espacios de la revista, en estrecha relación con sus finalidades en el ámbito de la socialización del conocimiento en el campo de la educación y de la salud. Se concluye que la revista ha mostrado ser un espacio importante de sistematización y reflexiones, tanto de los desafíos generales de la educación como de los específicos de la educación en salud, potenciando avances cualitativos en la formación profesional.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/historia , Educación en Salud/tendencias , Personal de Salud/educación , Comunicación Académica/historia , Capacitación Profesional
7.
Rev Med Chil ; 147(5): 643-649, 2019 May.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859897

RESUMEN

Wording problems are common in medical literature. The essence of any scientific work is to be understandable. A correct writing technique allows to communicate with the reader in an easy and accessible way, without disregarding proper grammatical and orthographic rules. This work is an updated guideline for the proper writing of biomedical manuscripts in Spanish. It avoids cumbersome grammatical explanations, aiming to become a simple material available for quick consultation.


Asunto(s)
Lenguaje , Manuscritos Médicos como Asunto , Escritura/normas , Investigación Biomédica , Humanos , Comunicación Académica
8.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 923-934, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047679

RESUMEN

Este artigo apresenta um trabalho que consistiu no levantamento quantitativo das publicações sobre a Agenda 2030 de Desenvolvimento Sustentável na América Latina, ou que foram escritas por autores afiliados às instituições da região, focando no tema saúde. Foram realizadas buscas em bancos de dados, para o período entre janeiro de 2009 e maio de 2017, e encontradas 127 publicações voltadas para o Objetivo de Desenvolvimento Sustentável 3 ­ Boa Saúde e Bem-Estar. A maior parcela dos resultados (92%) é constituída de artigos científicos que foram descritos segundo o ano e veículo de publicação, instituições de filiação dos autores e sua localização. Quase a metade das publicações (47%) foi feita sem a participação de organizações latino-americanas e em apenas 30% dos casos o primeiro autor pertence a uma organização latino-americana. Esse quadro se torna mais nítido quando se observa a concentração da produção latinoamericana em torno de organizações brasileiras: a produção científica sobre as resoluções da Agenda 2030 em relação à saúde ainda está ausente em grande parte do território latino-americano.


This article presents a work that consisted of a quantitative research about publications on Agenda 2030 on Sustainable Development in Latin America, or written by authors affiliated with institutions in the region, focusing on health. A search using databases on the subject for the period between January 2009 and May 2017 was made, and 127 publications focusing on Sustainable Development Goal 3 ­ Good Health and Well-Being. The majority (92%) of the publications were scientific articles and were described in relation to the year and vehicle of publication, authors' affiliation institutions and their location. Almost half of the publications (47%) were made without the participation of Latin American organizations and only 30% of cases have the first author who belongs to a Latin American organization. This picture becomes clearer when we see the concentration of Latin American production at Brazilian organizations: scientific production onAgenda 2030 regarding health is still absent in much of the Latin American territory.


Este artículo presenta un trabajo que ha consistido en el levantamiento cuantitativo de las publicaciones sobre la Agenda 2030 en América Latina o que fueron escritas por autores afiliados a instituciones de la región con el foco en salud. Se realizaron búsquedas en bancos de datos para el período entre 2009 y mayo de 2017. Se encontraron 127 publicaciones sobre el Objetivos de desarrollo sostenible 3 ­ Salud y Bienestar. Constituyen la mayoría (92%) artículos científicos que fueron descritos según el año y el vehículo de publicación, las instituciones de filiación de los autores y su ubicación. En casi la mitad de las publicaciones (47%) no hubo participación de organizaciones latinoamericanas y solamente en 30% de los casos el primer autor pertenece a una organización latinoamericana. Este cuadro es más nítido cuando observada la concentración de la producción latinoamericana en organizaciones brasileñas: La producción científica sobrela Agenda 2030 en el área de la salud todavía está ausente en gran parte de la América Latina.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Salud Ambiental , Base de Datos , Gobernanza , América Latina , Naciones Unidas , Revisión , Artículo de Revista , Academias e Institutos , Actividades Científicas y Tecnológicas , Comunicación Académica , Política de Salud
12.
Hist Philos Life Sci ; 41(4): 46, 2019 Oct 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31624931

RESUMEN

This paper addresses early modern botanical nomenclature, the practices of identifying and publishing synonyms in particular, as a collaborative "information science". Before Linnaean nomenclature became the lingua franca of botany, it was inevitable that, over time, the same plant was given several names by different people, which created confusion and made communication among botanists increasingly difficult. What names counted as synonyms and actually referred to the same plant had to be identified by meticulously comparing living and dried specimens of this and similar plants as well as relevant illustrations und descriptions in the botanical literature. Identifying synonyms required and generated an ever-expanding mass of data, which was used continuously to adjust and rearrange plant names. Despite the greatest care, judgements on synonyms were not definitive, which meant that published lists of synonyms for individual species of plants were in a state of flux and had to be constantly updated, corrected, and rewritten. This required long-term international collaborations, the accumulated results of which were not published once but consecutively, in augmented and corrected editions of a book. As a result of this networked approach, synonyms are networked names that reflect the epistemic interconnectedness of the botanical community. These questions will be discussed with a focus on the Dutch botanist Johannes Burman (1706-1779), who placed synonyms at the centre of his work as posthumous editor-and co-author-of the botanical manuscripts that were left behind by other botanists.


Asunto(s)
Botánica/historia , Clasificación/métodos , Plantas/clasificación , Comunicación Académica/historia , Terminología como Asunto , Europa (Continente) , Historia del Siglo XVIII , Países Bajos
13.
Nutr. hosp ; 36(5): 1011-1018, sept.-oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-184620

RESUMEN

Introducción: la nutrición parenteral domiciliaria (NPD) es una técnica compleja que implica un seguimiento multidisciplinar. Objetivos: análisis descriptivo de todos los pacientes incluidos en el programa de NPD. Métodos: estudio retrospectivo de los pacientes con NPD entre 1985 y 2017 en nuestro centro, un hospital universitario terciario. Resultados: analizamos 61 pacientes (32 hombres, edad media: 51,2 años). La patología de base más frecuente fue la neoplasia (32,8%), siendo el síndrome de intestino corto (SIC) la principal indicación de NPD (70,5%). Recibieron NPD parcial 45 pacientes y total, 16. El tipo de catéter más empleado fue el venoso tunelizado. Veinte pacientes la suspendieron por ingesta oral completa (19 los primeros cinco años), 26 por exitus (18 los primeros cinco años) y 15 la mantienen. La neoplasia fue la causa de muerte más frecuente (46,2%) y en un 15,4%, la hepatopatía asociada a NPD. La duración mediana de la NPD fue de 25 meses (1-394), siendo en 24 pacientes mayor a cinco años (ocho fallecidos, solo uno de causa oncológica no relacionada con la NPD). Un 54% presentaron infecciones de catéter, aislándose Staphylococcus coagulasa negativo en el 55,2%, con una tasa de infección de 1,04 por 1,000 días de cateterización. Conclusiones: la NPD es una estrategia terapéutica útil en el fracaso intestinal. El SIC es la indicación más frecuente en nuestra casuística. La patología de base, como la neoplasia, determinará el pronóstico. La infección por catéter es la complicación más frecuente, por lo que es necesario reforzar la educación sanitaria y la profilaxis antiséptica


Introduction: home parenteral nutrition (NPD) is a complex technique that involves multidisciplinary follow-up. Objectives: descriptive analysis of all patients included in the NPD program. Methods: retrospective study of patients with NPD between 1985 and 2017 in our center, a tertiary university hospital. Results: we analyzed 61 patients (32 men, mean age: 51.2 years). The most common underlying pathology was neoplasia (32.8%), with short bowel syndrome (SIC) being the main indication of NPD (70.5%). Forty-five patients received partial NPD and 16 total. The tunnelled vein catheter was the most common venous access used. 20 patients suspended it for complete oral intake (19 the first 5 years), 26 were deceased (18 the first 5 years) and 15 maintain it. Neoplasia was the most frequent cause of death (46.2%) and in 15.4% liver disease was associated with NPD. The median duration of NPD was 25 months [1-394]; being in 24 patients longer than 5 years (8 dead, only 1 for oncologic cause not related to the NPD). Fifty-four per cent had catheter infections, being isolated 55.2% Staphylococcus coagulase negative, with an infection rate of 1.04 per 1000 days of catheterization. Conclusions: NPD is a useful therapeutic strategy in intestinal failure. The SIC is the most frequent indication in our case study. The underlying pathology, such as neoplasia, will determine the prognosis. Catheter infection is the more frequent complication, so it is necessary to strengthen health education and antiseptic prophylaxis


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Nutrición Parenteral en el Domicilio/métodos , Nutrición Parenteral en el Domicilio/tendencias , Estudios de Cohortes , Emulsiones/administración & dosificación , Comunicación Académica , Epidemiología Descriptiva , Estudios Retrospectivos , Infecciones Relacionadas con Catéteres/complicaciones , Estudios Longitudinales
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17027, 2019 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517822

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: TB is one of the top 10 causes of death and the leading cause from a single infectious agent. The study characterize the developmental trends and collaboration features in the field of tuberculosis (TB) at the national level and identify high-impact countries. METHODS: Scientometrics and social network analysis methods were used to analyze the research situation and collaboration behaviors based on TB research indexed in Web of Science from 1998 to 2017. RESULTS: The publication output, national collaborative rate, and collaborative level have steadily increased from 1998 to 2017. However, domestic publications still account for a substantial proportion of a nation's publications. Over time, the numbers of national publications and international collaborative publications have increased in total, but the growth trend of their share as a proportion of total national publications is not significant. The United States of America has the largest number of highly cited publications, while Denmark, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and Sweden have higher values of average relative citation than do other countries. Notably, the United Kingdom and South Africa have established the strongest and most stable collaboration. CONCLUSIONS: There was increasing research activity and collaboration in the field of TB during the period 1998 to 2017, but growth shows wide variability between countries. Further comprehensive and full collaboration should be promoted.


Asunto(s)
Investigación Biomédica/tendencias , Cooperación Internacional , Tuberculosis , Bibliometría , Humanos , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto , Comunicación Académica
15.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 69(9): 1349-1354, 2019 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511723

RESUMEN

High costs associated with traditional print-based publishing have made open access publishing a popular way to improve research dissemination. Now several options and initiatives are enabling developing-world authors to attain equitable access to the scientific literature. However, little is known about the role of journals and initiatives from low- and middle-income countries in Asia regarding open access and their publication standards. Therefore, this article presents some exemplar y initiatives to promote research dissemination in South Asia through open access and publishing standards of the regional journals. Such initiatives deserve wider recognition, especially when u nder taken by resource -limited cou ntr ies, an d international collaboration schemes hold the potential to build further on current achievements.


Asunto(s)
Países en Desarrollo , Difusión de la Información , Comunicación Académica , Asia Occidental , Bangladesh , Humanos , India , Nepal , Publicación de Acceso Abierto , Pakistán , Sri Lanka
17.
Elife ; 82019 08 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383254

RESUMEN

Many authors start with the figures when writing a scientific paper, but it is easier to tell a good story if you start with the Introduction and the Results, and leave the figures to later.


Asunto(s)
Manuscritos como Asunto , Comunicación Académica , Escritura
19.
mBio ; 10(3)2019 06 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31164459

RESUMEN

We aimed to develop an in-depth understanding of quality criteria for scholarly journals by analyzing journals and publishers indexed in blacklists of predatory journals and whitelists of legitimate journals and the lists' inclusion criteria. To quantify content overlaps between blacklists and whitelists, we employed the Jaro-Winkler string metric. To identify topics addressed by the lists' inclusion criteria and to derive their concepts, we conducted qualitative coding. We included two blacklists (Beall's and Cabells Scholarly Analytics') and two whitelists (the Directory of Open Access Journals' and Cabells Scholarly Analytics'). The number of journals per list ranged from 1,404 to 12,357, and the number of publishers ranged from 473 to 5,638. Seventy-two journals and 42 publishers were included in both a blacklist and a whitelist. Seven themes were identified in the inclusion criteria: (i) peer review; (ii) editorial services; (iii) policy; (iv) business practices; (v) publishing, archiving, and access; (vi) website; and (vii) indexing and metrics. Business practices accounted for almost half of the blacklists' criteria, whereas whitelists gave more emphasis to criteria related to policy. Criteria could be allocated to four concepts: (i) transparency, (ii) ethics, (iii) professional standards, and (iv) peer review and other services. Whitelists gave most weight to transparency. Blacklists focused on ethics and professional standards. Whitelist criteria were easier to verify than those used in blacklists. Both types gave little emphasis to quality of peer review. Overall, the results show that there is overlap of journals and publishers between blacklists and whitelists. Lists differ in their criteria for quality and the weight given to different dimensions of quality. Aspects that are central but difficult to verify receive little attention.IMPORTANCE Predatory journals are spurious scientific outlets that charge fees for editorial and publishing services that they do not provide. Their lack of quality assurance of published articles increases the risk that unreliable research is published and thus jeopardizes the integrity and credibility of research as a whole. There is increasing awareness of the risks associated with predatory publishing, but efforts to address this situation are hampered by the lack of a clear definition of predatory outlets. Blacklists of predatory journals and whitelists of legitimate journals have been developed but not comprehensively examined. By systematically analyzing these lists, this study provides insights into their utility and delineates the different notions of quality and legitimacy in scholarly publishing used. This study contributes to a better understanding of the relevant concepts and provides a starting point for the development of a robust definition of predatory journals.


Asunto(s)
Revisión de la Investigación por Pares/normas , Edición/normas , Comunicación Académica/normas , Estudios Transversales , Edición/estadística & datos numéricos
20.
Sci Data ; 6(1): 28, 2019 04 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30971690

RESUMEN

This article presents a practical roadmap for scholarly data repositories to implement data citation in accordance with the Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles, a synopsis and harmonization of the recommendations of major science policy bodies. The roadmap was developed by the Repositories Expert Group, as part of the Data Citation Implementation Pilot (DCIP) project, an initiative of FORCE11.org and the NIH-funded BioCADDIE ( https://biocaddie.org ) project. The roadmap makes 11 specific recommendations, grouped into three phases of implementation: a) required steps needed to support the Joint Declaration of Data Citation Principles, b) recommended steps that facilitate article/data publication workflows, and c) optional steps that further improve data citation support provided by data repositories. We describe the early adoption of these recommendations 18 months after they have first been published, looking specifically at implementations of machine-readable metadata on dataset landing pages.


Asunto(s)
Conjuntos de Datos como Asunto/normas , Almacenamiento y Recuperación de la Información/normas , Comunicación Académica , Guías como Asunto , Difusión de la Información
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