Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 13.930
Filtrar
1.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(693): 998-1001, 2020 May 13.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401441

RESUMEN

The humanitarian mission (expatriation) represents a particular type of long-term travel. A mission with the ICRC lasts on average 12 to 18 months depending on the type of profession and the level of responsibility. Health risk factors are the sum of the risks linked to travel and those linked to the work. The travel destinations naturally present a particular risk profile with security constraints, acceptance of the ICRC's action and living conditions that can be difficult. This article details the measures taken by the ICRC for the health management of its staff, with the aim of better articulating the collaboration between treating doctor and medical teams within the ICRC, and providing the best possible support to humanitarian workers before, during and after their field assignment.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud del Trabajador , Salud Laboral , Sistemas de Socorro , Enfermedad Relacionada con los Viajes , Humanos , Factores de Riesgo , Condiciones Sociales
4.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32340349

RESUMEN

This paper is aimed to document the observed social exclusion and discrimination in the outbreak of COVID-19 across the world and inside of China. Discrimination and social exclusion has occurred in various forms, while 25.11% of respondents overseas experienced discrimination in the breakout of COVID-19, and 90% of respondents inside of China exhibited discriminatory attitudes. The discrimination and social exclusion also lead to a range of damaging social outcomes. Thus, this is an urgent call for the inclusiveness in policy and media in the face of this public health emergency.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Condiciones Sociales , Discriminación Social , Distancia Social , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Brotes de Enfermedades , Salud Global , Humanos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Salud Pública , Opinión Pública , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
7.
Recenti Prog Med ; 111(4): 202-204, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319440

RESUMEN

In addressing pandemics, science has never seemed more needed and useful, while at the same time limited and powerless. The existing contract between science and society is falling apart. A new covenant is urgently needed to navigate the days ahead.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Ciencia/tendencias , Condiciones Sociales , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Humanos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología
9.
Nat Ecol Evol ; 4(3): 346-355, 2020 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32127685

RESUMEN

Dairy pastoralism is integral to contemporary and past lifeways on the eastern Eurasian steppe, facilitating survival in agriculturally challenging environments. While previous research has indicated that ruminant dairy pastoralism was practiced in the region by circa 1300 BC, the origin, extent and diversity of this custom remain poorly understood. Here, we analyse ancient proteins from human dental calculus recovered from geographically diverse locations across Mongolia and spanning 5,000 years. We present the earliest evidence for dairy consumption on the eastern Eurasian steppe by circa 3000 BC and the later emergence of horse milking at circa 1200 BC, concurrent with the first evidence for horse riding. We argue that ruminant dairying contributed to the demographic success of Bronze Age Mongolian populations and that the origins of traditional horse dairy products in eastern Eurasia are closely tied to the regional emergence of mounted herding societies during the late second millennium BC.


Asunto(s)
Agricultura , Industria Lechera , Agricultura/historia , Animales , Bovinos , Industria Lechera/historia , Europa (Continente) , Historia Antigua , Caballos , Humanos , Dinámica Poblacional , Condiciones Sociales
10.
Lancet ; 395(10227): 912-920, 2020 03 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32112714

RESUMEN

The December, 2019 coronavirus disease outbreak has seen many countries ask people who have potentially come into contact with the infection to isolate themselves at home or in a dedicated quarantine facility. Decisions on how to apply quarantine should be based on the best available evidence. We did a Review of the psychological impact of quarantine using three electronic databases. Of 3166 papers found, 24 are included in this Review. Most reviewed studies reported negative psychological effects including post-traumatic stress symptoms, confusion, and anger. Stressors included longer quarantine duration, infection fears, frustration, boredom, inadequate supplies, inadequate information, financial loss, and stigma. Some researchers have suggested long-lasting effects. In situations where quarantine is deemed necessary, officials should quarantine individuals for no longer than required, provide clear rationale for quarantine and information about protocols, and ensure sufficient supplies are provided. Appeals to altruism by reminding the public about the benefits of quarantine to wider society can be favourable.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Cuarentena , Estrés Psicológico , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/transmisión , Financiación Personal , Humanos , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/transmisión , Salud Pública , Cuarentena/economía , Cuarentena/psicología , Condiciones Sociales , Estigma Social , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/etiología , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/prevención & control
17.
Lancet ; 395(10228): 921, 2020 03 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32199472
18.
19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138266

RESUMEN

Within last 17 years two widespread epidemics of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) occurred in China, which were caused by related coronaviruses (CoVs): SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2. Although the origin(s) of these viruses are still unknown and their occurrences in nature are mysterious, some general patterns of their pathogenesis and epidemics are noticeable. Both viruses utilize the same receptor-angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2)-for invading human bodies. Both epidemics occurred in cold dry winter seasons celebrated with major holidays, and started in regions where dietary consumption of wildlife is a fashion. Thus, if bats were the natural hosts of SARS-CoVs, cold temperature and low humidity in these times might provide conducive environmental conditions for prolonged viral survival in these regions concentrated with bats. The widespread existence of these bat-carried or -released viruses might have an easier time in breaking through human defenses when harsh winter makes human bodies more vulnerable. Once succeeding in making some initial human infections, spreading of the disease was made convenient with increased social gathering and holiday travel. These natural and social factors influenced the general progression and trajectory of the SARS epidemiology. However, some unique factors might also contribute to the origination of SARS in Wuhan. These factors are discussed in different scenarios in order to promote more research for achieving final validation.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Peptidil-Dipeptidasa A , Neumonía Viral , Virus del SRAS/patogenicidad , Síndrome Respiratorio Agudo Grave/epidemiología , Animales , China/epidemiología , Quirópteros , Coronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/transmisión , Brotes de Enfermedades , Humanos , Peptidil-Dipeptidasa A/fisiología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/transmisión , Estaciones del Año , Síndrome Respiratorio Agudo Grave/transmisión , Condiciones Sociales , Viaje , Zoonosis
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA