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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33802521

RESUMEN

COVID-19 is reshaping human interactions with the natural environment, potentially generating profound consequences for health and well-being. To assess the effects of COVID-19 on the outdoor recreation participation and subjective well-being of adolescents, as well as how participation in outdoor activities may mitigate declines in subjective well-being, we used a Qualtrics XM panel to conduct a nationally representative survey of youth ages 10-18 across the United States (n = 624) between 30 April and 15 June 2020. Survey questions focused on frequency of participation in outdoor activities before and during the pandemic, as well as changes in subjective well-being. Paired t-tests revealed decreases in both outdoor recreation participation (64% reported declines) and subjective well-being (52% reported declines). A regression model examining correlates of changes in subjective well-being (R2 = 0.42) revealed strong associations with changes in outdoor play (B = 0.44, p < 0.001) and nature-based (B = 0.21, p = 0.016) activities. Adolescents' from all backgrounds who participated in these activities during the pandemic reported smaller declines in subjective well-being. Results highlight the critical role that time outdoors and time in nature play in bolstering adolescents' resilience to stressors such as the COVID-19 pandemic and underscore the need to facilitate outdoor recreation opportunities for youth during times of crisis.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Adolescente , Niño , Humanos , Salud Mental , Pandemias , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
2.
Tohoku J Exp Med ; 253(3): 203-215, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775993

RESUMEN

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is causing disruptions in the global social system. Japanese children and adolescents have had their schools closed, government-mandated activity restrictions imposed, and interactions outside the home reduced. These restrictions can have a considerable psychological impact on children and adolescents. This review aims to describe the impacts of COVID-19 pandemic on physical activity and psychological status of this population. The review was conducted by searching PubMed for information on the impact of COVID-19-related activity restrictions on children and adolescents. The search identified 11 articles, three of which contained data on anxiety and psychological problems due to physical inactivity. Next, a PubMed search was conducted about physical activity and psychological status in children and adolescents under psychological stress. The search identified 368 articles, 28 of which were included in the review. For children, data that revealed a correlation between physical activity and psychological health and sedentary time leading to mood disorders were included. For adolescents, there were nine studies that reported a correlation between physical activity and psychological health and four studies that reported no correlation between physical activity and psychological health. Of the studies that reported a correlation, seven reported that physical activity improves psychological health. The impact of psychologically stressful situations such as COVID-19 on children and adolescents has been experienced worldwide. Physical activity has been correlated with psychological health, and it may improve psychological status; physical activity should be recommended to better support the psychological health of children and adolescents under the influence of COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Conducta Infantil , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Ejercicio Físico , Salud Mental , Pandemias , Psicología del Adolescente , Psicología Infantil , Adolescente , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Ansiedad/etiología , /psicología , Niño , Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/etiología , Humanos , Japón/epidemiología , Trastornos Mentales/epidemiología , Trastornos Mentales/etiología , Trastornos del Humor/epidemiología , Trastornos del Humor/etiología , Cuarentena/psicología , Instituciones Académicas/legislación & jurisprudencia , Conducta Sedentaria , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Estrés Psicológico/etiología , Recursos Humanos
3.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 51(1): 40-53, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706330

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop and compare the prediction model for suicide attempts by Korean adolescents using logistic regression and decision tree analysis. METHODS: This study utilized secondary data drawn from the 2019 Youth Health Risk Behavior web-based survey. A total of 20 items were selected as the explanatory variables (5 of sociodemographic characteristics, 10 of health-related behaviors, and 5 of psychosocial characteristics). For data analysis, descriptive statistics and logistic regression with complex samples and decision tree analysis were performed using IBM SPSS ver. 25.0 and Stata ver. 16.0. RESULTS: A total of 1,731 participants (3.0%) out of 57,303 responded that they had attempted suicide. The most significant predictors of suicide attempts as determined using the logistic regression model were experience of sadness and hopelessness, substance abuse, and violent victimization. Girls who have experience of sadness and hopelessness, and experience of substance abuse have been identified as the most vulnerable group in suicide attempts in the decision tree model. CONCLUSION: Experiences of sadness and hopelessness, experiences of substance abuse, and experiences of violent victimization are the common major predictors of suicide attempts in both logistic regression and decision tree models, and the predict rates of both models were similar. We suggest to provide programs considering combination of high-risk predictors for adolescents to prevent suicide attempt.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Árboles de Decisión , Intento de Suicidio/psicología , Adolescente , Depresión/patología , Femenino , Humanos , Internet , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Factores de Riesgo , Aislamiento Social , Estrés Psicológico , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/patología , Ideación Suicida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
4.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 51(1): 54-67, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33706331

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was threefold, to longitudinally examine the risk of habitual smoking onset in adolescents, to delineate the effects of neighborhood characteristics and friends' smoking status on the habitual smoking onset, and to investigate whether the association between friends' smoking status and habitual smoking onset was moderated by neighborhood characteristics. METHODS: This study conducted multilevel discrete-time survival analysis, using cohort data from the 3rd to 6th waves of the Korean Child and Youth Panel Survey, which excluded habitual smokers, matched with 2010 census data on respondents' residence. RESULTS: Habitual smoking onset risk increased from the 8th to the 11th grade, and then slightly decreased from the 11th to the 12th grade. Friends' smoking status (B = 0.60, p < .001), smoking rate (B = 0.06, p = .038), and the number of tobacco outlets in the respondents' neighborhood (B = 0.51, p = .003) were positively associated with habitual smoking onset risk. Furthermore, the association between friends' smoking status and habitual smoking onset risk was moderated by the number of tobacco outlets in the neighborhood. Specifically, the association was stronger in neighborhoods with more tobacco outlets (B = 0.58, p = .048). CONCLUSION: Friends' smoking status and living in neighborhoods that are more susceptible to smoking increase the risk of habitual smoking. The number of tobacco outlets in the neighborhood enhances the peer effect of adolescent's smoking behavior. Therefore, policies or interventions designed to reduce youth's tobacco use should focus on not only on reducing peer smoking, but also restricting smoking by adults and the number of neighborhood tobacco outlets.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Fumar/psicología , Adolescente , Familia , Femenino , Amigos , Humanos , Masculino , Motivación , Grupo Paritario , Factores de Riesgo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33525737

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: the nonmedical use of prescribed medications among adolescents has increased significantly in recent years. We aimed to identify the patterns of benzodiazepine nonmedical use and its evolution during the decade 2006-2016 among immigrant and native-born adolescent populations. METHODS: we used individualized secondary data retrieved from the 2006-2016 Spanish State Survey on Drug Use in Secondary Education (ESTUDES) of the school-aged population. Using logistic multivariate regression models, we estimated the independent effect of each of these variables on nonmedical use. Two models were generated: one for immigrant adolescents and one for native-born adolescents. RESULTS: during the decade 2006-2016, 2.81% of native-born and 3.36% of immigrant adolescent students made nonmedical use of benzodiazepines. Gender and socioeconomic status were found to be related to the nonmedical use of benzodiazepines. Consumption of illegal psychoactive substances, other than marijuana, was the variable of greatest value (aOR = 6.00, 95% CI 3.89-9.27). Perceived risks and drug availability were found to be predictors for the nonmedical use of benzodiazepines in both immigrant and native-born adolescents. CONCLUSION: in Spain, patterns of benzodiazepine nonmedical use among immigrant and native-born adolescents are similar. The results of this study refute certain stereotypes related to consumption of substances among immigrant adolescents, identifying them as a risk group.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Emigrantes e Inmigrantes , Adolescente , Benzodiazepinas , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Grupos de Población , España/epidemiología
6.
J Youth Adolesc ; 50(4): 641-662, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599937

RESUMEN

Although considerable research has examined factors that influence social-cognitive processes related to aggression, few studies have examined the factors that influence adolescents' appraisal of the effectiveness of responses, particularly nonviolent alternatives to aggression. This study addressed that gap by examining patterns of adolescents' perceived effectiveness of nonviolent and aggressive responses to hypothetical problem situations and their relations with aggression, victimization, and individual and contextual risk factors. The participants were a predominantly African American (90%) sample of 1469 students (55% female; mean age = 12.7 years; age range = 11-16) from three middle schools who completed measures of perceived effectiveness, self-efficacy, aggression and victimization, and contextual factors. Ratings of adolescents' physical, relational, and verbal aggression and victimization, nonviolent and prosocial behavior were also obtained from their teachers. Latent class analysis identified four subgroups of adolescents including distinguishes effective, mixed support, everything works, and nothing works. Subgroups differed on measures of aggression, victimization, prosocial and nonviolent behavior, self-efficacy for nonviolence, witnessing community violence, and parents' and peers' support for nonviolence and aggression. The findings underscore the importance of designing violence prevention programs to target the unique needs of subgroups of adolescents.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Acoso Escolar , Víctimas de Crimen , Adolescente , Agresión , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupo Paritario , Instituciones Académicas , Violencia
7.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33540882

RESUMEN

The popularity of social media use among adolescents has raised concerns about the potentially harmful effects of social media use on adolescents' sleep. Since longitudinal research considering this relationship is scarce, the present two-wave longitudinal study of 2021 secondary school students (Mage = 13.86, SD = 1.25) examined whether frequency of social media use and problematic social media use predicted adolescents' bedtime and quality of sleep. Moreover, the protective role of parental rules regarding Internet and smartphone use one hour before sleep was examined. The findings indicated that strict parental rules about Internet and smartphone use before sleep might prevent negative consequences of social media use on bedtime and sleep quality, but only among less engaged social media users. Once adolescents are highly engaged social media users, strict parental rules do not seem to prevent negative media influences on sleep. This implies that limiting Internet accessibility before bedtime can help prevent adolescents' sleep problems, but that regulation is less effective for adolescents who are already highly involved in social media use.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Adolescente , Humanos , Internet , Estudios Longitudinales , Sueño
8.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33572756

RESUMEN

(1) Background: This study examines the associations between risk behaviours and adolescent emotional and physical dating and relationship violence (DRV) victimisation and perpetration, and how these vary by gender. The risk behaviours explored include bullying, cyberbullying, sexting, alcohol, and cannabis use; (2) Methods: Cross-sectional self-report data from the School Health Research Network (SHRN) 2019 Student Health Wellbeing (SHW) survey of 48,397 students aged 11-16 from 149 schools across Wales were analysed using single and multiple-behaviour logistic regression models to explore the associations between each risk behaviour and emotional and physical DRV victimisation and perpetration; (3) Results: Bivariate analyses revealed a statistically significant association between DRV and all risk behaviours. In multivariate analyses, students who reported bullying, cyberbullying, sexting, and substance use, compared to those that had not, had significantly higher odds of experiencing and perpetrating emotional and physical DRV; and (4) Conclusions: Future studies on DRV should consider a mixed-methods approach to explore the context in which DRV and risk behaviours interrelate. Results from this study indicate the possibility that prevention and intervention programmes in school settings that seek to develop healthy school environments and peer-to-peer relationships, could inadvertently reduce the occurrence of future DRV and associated risk behaviours.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Acoso Escolar , Víctimas de Crimen , Adolescente , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Asunción de Riesgos , Instituciones Académicas , Estudiantes , Violencia , Gales/epidemiología
9.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 31(4): 1286-1292, 2021 04 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33558093

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) behaviors in adolescents are defined by body mass index (BMI), diet, physical activity and smoking, and are directly associated with better health in later life. To further improve health prevention programs we investigated the prevalence of these behaviors in a cohort of healthy adolescents and focused on the associations with sex, age, and education. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Early Vascular Aging Tyrol study is a cross-sectional study assessing 14- to 19-year-old pupils and apprentices in Western Austria and South Tyrol. Between May 2015 and July 2018 2047 adolescents (43.6% males, mean age 16.4 years) with complete data for all 4 health behaviors were included. The prevalence of ideal body mass index (BMI) was 78.3%, of ideal physical activity 42.5%, of non-smoking 70.4% and of ideal diet 8.1%. Females showed a higher smoking prevalence and a lower physical activity, but better dietary habits than males. Older adolescents of both sexes had lower prevalence of ideal smoking and diet. Apprentices and pupils of vocational schools had a higher BMI and a less favorable diet compared to secondary academic school students. Smoking prevalence was highest in apprentices. Non-ideal BMI was independently associated with smoking. CONCLUSION: In our cohort, only a minority showed ideal CVH behaviors which were best in adolescents younger than 16 years. We observed significant differences between males and females and a clear impact of school education with apprentices being at risk for non-ideal CVH behaviors. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03929692, clinicaltrials.gov.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/prevención & control , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Estilo de Vida Saludable , Conducta de Reducción del Riesgo , Adolescente , Factores de Edad , Austria/epidemiología , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Dieta Saludable , Escolaridad , Ejercicio Físico , Conducta Alimentaria , Femenino , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Masculino , No Fumadores , Estudios Prospectivos , Medición de Riesgo , Factores de Riesgo , Conducta Sedentaria , Factores Sexuales , Fumar/efectos adversos , Fumar/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
10.
Am J Nurs ; 121(3): 15, 2021 03 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624997

RESUMEN

Odorless e-cigarettes and other smokeless tobacco products make use harder to detect.


Asunto(s)
Sistemas Electrónicos de Liberación de Nicotina , Padres/psicología , Fumar/psicología , Uso de Tabaco/prevención & control , Tabaco sin Humo , Adolescente , Conducta del Adolescente , Niño , Humanos
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(4): e23894, 2021 Jan 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530185

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the effect of music-based intervention on the aggressive behavior in children and adolescents, and made a comparison of music medicine and music therapy. METHODS: We searched PubMed (MEDLINE), Ovid-Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) to identify relevant studies. Standardized mean differences (SMDs) were estimated with random-effect model. RESULTS: We included 10 studies and found a significant decrease of aggressive behavior (SMD = -0.99; 95% CI = -1.42 to -0.56) and a significant increase of self-control (SMD = 0.56; 95% CI: 0.19 to 0.93) in the music-based intervention group compared with the control group. The aggressive behavior was significantly decreased in the music therapy group compared with the control group (SMD = -1.79; 95% CI = -3.23 to -0.35); while, no difference was observed between music medicine group and control group. Sub-group analyses exhibited a more efficacious in reducing aggressive behavior in the children received ≥2 sessions per week, the children with a mean age > 10 years, the children whose behavior were reported by teachers, and the children with aggressive behavior before intervention. Sensitivity analyses yielded similar results. CONCLUSION: Music-based intervention seemed to be more efficacious for reducing aggression and increasing self-control in children and adolescents, especially music therapy.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Agresión , Trastornos de la Conducta Infantil/terapia , Musicoterapia , Adolescente , Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Niño , Trastornos de la Conducta Infantil/psicología , Humanos , Autocontrol
12.
Front Public Health ; 9: 608358, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33614580

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed individuals' lifestyles to a great extent, particularly in Italy. Although many concerns about it have been highlighted, its impact on children and adolescents has scarcely been examined. The purpose of this study was to explore behavioral consequences and coping strategies related to the pandemic among families in Italy, by focusing on developmental ages from the caregivers' perspective, 3 weeks into quarantine. An exploratory cross-sectional online survey was conducted over 14 days. Google Forms was employed to conduct the survey. Demographic variables and pre-existing Psychological Weaknesses (PsW) were asked. Adults' sleep difficulties (SleepScore) and coping strategies during quarantine were assessed. Behavioral changes related to quarantine of both subjects completing the form (COVIDStress) and their children (when present) were questioned. Of the 6,871 respondents, we selected 6,800 valid questionnaires; 3,245 declared children aged under 18 years of age (caregivers). PsWs were recognizable in 64.9% among non-caregivers and in 61.5% of caregivers, with a mean PsW score of 1.42 ± 1.26 and 1.30 ± 1.25 over 3 points, respectively. The 95.5% of the non-caregivers and the 96.5% of caregivers presented behavioral changes with a mean COVIDStress of 3.85 ± 1.82 and 4.09 ± 1.79 over 8, respectively (p<0.001). Sleep difficulties were present in the 61.6% of the non-caregivers and in the 64.4% of the caregivers (p < 0.001), who showed higher SleepScores (2.41 ± 1.26 against 2.57 ± 1.38 points over 6, p < 0.001). COVIDStress (and SleepScore) strongly correlated with PsW (p < 0.001). Caregivers observed behavioral changes in their children in the 64.3% of the <6 years old and in 72.5% of 6-18 years old. Caregivers' discomfort related to quarantine (COVIDStress, SleepScore) was strongly associated to behavioral changes in both age groups of <6 and 6-18 (p < 0.001). Presence of caregivers' coping strategies was less associated to behavioral changes in the <6 sample (p = 0.001) but not in the 6-18 (p = 0.06). The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely impacted families in Italy with regard to behavioral changes, especially in high-risk categories with PsWs and caregivers, especially the ones with children aged <6 years. While coping strategies functioned as protective factors, a wide array of stress symptoms had implications for children's and adolescents' behaviors. It is recommended that public children welfare strategies be implemented, especially for higher-psychosocial-risk categories.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Conducta Infantil , Familia/psicología , Adolescente , Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Adulto , Anciano , Niño , Conducta Infantil/psicología , Preescolar , Femenino , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Humanos , Italia/epidemiología , Masculino , Salud Mental , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/epidemiología , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/epidemiología
13.
Reprod Health ; 18(1): 26, 2021 Feb 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618726

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: A coherent sexuality education program for adolescents is part of their sexual and reproductive rights and can help them have a healthier future. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the perspectives and intervention preferences of Iranian stakeholders regarding comprehensive sexuality education (CSE) in male adolescents based on the IMB model (information, motivation, behavioral skills). METHODS: This study was a qualitative study that was analyzed through a directed content analysis approach. Individual interviews and focused group discussions (FGDs) were used for data collection. The data were collected through in-depth semi-structured interviews with stakeholders in two schools and the Education Department in Sari and the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Education in Tehran from March 2019 to August 2019. Data saturation was achieved after 28 interviews and 1 FGDs with 9 participants. Finally, two sets of data were coded and analyzed using directed content analysis. RESULTS: In this study, five themes emerged as (1) role of institutions; (2) role of organizations; (3) need for stakeholder's partnership; (4) need for adolescent sexuality socialization management; and (5) need for enhancing the teachers' professional competence, which seemed to influence the implementation of CSE in male adolescents. Participants also expressed a number of intervention preferences for CSE. The most important of these was the change in macro policies, helping to create a culture against all forms of violence and breaking the taboo of sexuality education for children and adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study revealed the need for a CSE program for adolescents' sexuality socialization. The finding showed that teachers required training to enhance their professional competence about sexuality issues. Therefore, it is necessary to design and implement culture-appropriate skill based programs to enhance the teachers' professional competence regarding the adolescents' sexual health.


Asunto(s)
Actitud Frente a la Salud , Percepción , Salud Reproductiva/educación , Educación Sexual , Salud Sexual/educación , Adolescente , Conducta del Adolescente/fisiología , Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Niño , Grupos Focales , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Irán , Masculino , Motivación/fisiología , Investigación Cualitativa , Servicios de Salud Escolar , Educación Sexual/métodos , Conducta Sexual/psicología , Participación de los Interesados , Adulto Joven
14.
Reprod Health ; 18(1): 48, 2021 Feb 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622358

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Contraceptive use among adolescent girls is low in many sub-Saharan African countries including Kenya. Attitude and perspectives about contraception of community members including adolescent girls themselves may be likely to limit contraceptive use among adolescent girls. This study was conducted to explore and compare adults'/parents' and adolescent girls' narratives and perspectives about contraception in Narok and Homa Bay counties, Kenya. METHODS: Qualitative data from 45 in-depth-interviews conducted with purposively selected consenting adolescent girls aged 15-19 was used. Additionally, twelve focus group discussions were held with 86 consenting adults conveniently recruited from the two counties. All discussions were conducted in the local language and audio recorded following consent of the study participants. Female moderators were engaged throughout the study making it appropriate for the study to solicit feedback from the targeted respondents. RESULTS: Findings highlighted adults' perceptions on adolescents' sexuality and the presence of stringent conceptions about the side-effects of contraception in the study communities. Some participants underscored the need for open contraceptive talk between parents and their adolescent girls. Four main themes emerged from the discussions; (i) Perceptions about adolescents' sexuality and risk prevention, (ii) Conceptions about contraception among nulligravida adolescents: fear of infertility, malformation and sexual libertinism, (iii) Post-pregnancy contraceptive considerations and (iv) Thinking differently: divergent views regarding contraceptives and parent/adolescent discussion. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest the need for increased attention towards adolescents and their caregivers particularly in demystifying contraceptive misconceptions. Programmatic responses and models which include the provision of comprehensive sexuality education and increased access to and utilization of SRH information, products and services through a well-informed approach need to be well executed. Programmatic efforts like SRH community education should further seek to enhance the capacity of parents to discuss sexuality with their adolescents.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Anticonceptiva , Matrimonio , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Percepción , Psicología del Adolescente , Adolescente , Conducta del Adolescente/fisiología , Adulto , Anticoncepción/métodos , Anticoncepción/psicología , Anticoncepción/estadística & datos numéricos , Conducta Anticonceptiva/psicología , Conducta Anticonceptiva/estadística & datos numéricos , Anticonceptivos/uso terapéutico , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud/etnología , Humanos , Kenia/epidemiología , Matrimonio/psicología , Matrimonio/estadística & datos numéricos , Relaciones Padres-Hijo/etnología , Embarazo , Embarazo en Adolescencia/prevención & control , Embarazo en Adolescencia/psicología , Embarazo en Adolescencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Investigación Cualitativa , Educación Sexual/estadística & datos numéricos , Conducta Sexual/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
15.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 42(318): 24-27, 2021.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602422

RESUMEN

The maison des adolescents du Cher has been identified by the State to intervene at the local level to prevent the radicalisation of young people, as part of a collaborative work with other actors. This ambitious scheme questions the relationships and mobilisation of the various authorities and institutional structures. It poses an interesting challenge in terms of the implementation of intervention methods while respecting individual freedoms and protecting the population.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Terrorismo , Adolescente , Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Francia , Humanos , Terrorismo/prevención & control
16.
J Youth Adolesc ; 50(4): 739-752, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33428081

RESUMEN

Bullying experiences in adolescents could cause maladjusted developments like low self-esteem, which in turn could increase the likelihood of having bullying experiences. Examining these longitudinal reciprocal relationships by considering the co-occurrence of bullying experience is critical, but under-examined. The current study clarifies the longitudinal reciprocal relationship between adolescents' bullying perpetration, victimization, and low self-esteem. An autoregressive cross-lagged model was analyzed with data collected from 3658 Korean secondary students (47.2% were females, Mean age = 12.07, standard deviation = 0.27, range = 11-14) from the Seoul Education Longitudinal study in three waves (seventh to ninth grades). After controlling prior bullying perpetration, victimization, and low self-esteem, low self-esteem positively predicted subsequent victimization, and victimization also positively predicted subsequent low self-esteem longitudinally. However, low self-esteem failed to predict subsequent bullying perpetration, which in turn, failed to predict subsequent low self-esteem. After the prior bullying experiences and low self-esteem are controlled, their longitudinal association becomes clearly distinct. Victims of bullying may fall into a vicious circle, where after being victimized, they themselves feel unlovable or incompetent, and their increased low self-esteem is linked to subsequent victimization. To break out of this vicious circle and temporal stability of victimization, interventions focusing on victims' self-esteem would be effective.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Acoso Escolar , Víctimas de Crimen , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Estudiantes
17.
Ann Fam Med ; 19(2): 141-147, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397686

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Asymptomatic youth in the United States acting as "silent spreaders" during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic are an ongoing public health concern, particularly given their depiction as unengaged with recommendations. Our goal was to understand the knowledge, beliefs, and experiences of US youth at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: We posed 2 open-ended surveys to the national MyVoice text message cohort of youth, aged 14-24 years. On March 6, 2020, 4 questions were asked regarding knowledge and experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic with 3 questions repeated on March 20, 2020. Qualitative responses were coded using thematic analysis and summarized with descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Of 1,174 youth, 1,087 responded to at least 1 question (response rate of 88%). The average age of respondents was 19 (SD 2.8) years with 52% female and 56% non-Hispanic White respondents. On March 6, 2020, most (70%) respondents reported knowing about COVID-19 and primarily cited the news (46%) as their source of information. Nearly all (95%) respondents reported impact by March 20, 2020, and respondents expressing worry increased from 25% to 51%. In both surveys, worried youth primarily cited concern for others (26% and 34%). Regarding preparation, respondents primarily reported doing nothing (36%) on March 6, 2020, and practicing social distancing (50%) on March 20, 2020. CONCLUSIONS: Many youths in our sample are engaged with the COVID-19 pandemic and most are feeling knowledgeable, are concerned about its impacts on others, and are practicing social distancing. Sustained public health efforts should focus on maintaining youth engagement with accurate public information and youth-centered messaging promoting prevention measures to protect the health and well-being of youth and their friends and family.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Actitud Frente a la Salud , Aislamiento Social/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Conductas de Riesgo para la Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Cuarentena/psicología , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/estadística & datos numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430345

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study offers the design and validation of a scale for measuring violence in adolescent couples from the perspective of victimisation and perpetration for young Spanish speakers. METHOD: Validation study using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis with online self-selected sampling and the participation of 422 subjects who met the requirements of being between 13 and 21 years old and currently or recently having a partner. RESULTS: A scale of victimisation in adolescent partner relationships was obtained with 25 items and a scale of violence perpetration with 22 items. Both scales presented five factors: psychological violence, verbal violence, control, jealousy, and sexual violence. Significant differences were found between men and women in victimisation and perpetration of sexual violence. CONCLUSIONS: The Teen Dating Violence-Victimisation and Perpetration (TDV)-VP complies with the reliability and validity indices, constituting a very useful instrument for the detection and measurement of violence in Spanish-speaking adolescent couples in health-promotion work.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Acoso Escolar , Víctimas de Crimen , Violencia de Pareja , Delitos Sexuales , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Adulto Joven
19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435524

RESUMEN

As the identification and targeting of salient risk factors for adolescent substance use become more widely used globally, an essential question arises as to whether U.S.-based cut points in the distributions of these risk factors that identify "high" risk can be used validly in other countries as well. This study examined proportions of youth at "high" risk using different empirically derived cut points in the distributions of 18 measured risk factors. Data were obtained from large-scale samples of adolescents in Colombia and the United States. Results indicated that significant (p < 0.05) differences in the proportions of "high" risk youth were found in 38.9% of risk factors for 6th graders, 61.1% for 8th graders, and 66.6% for 10th graders. Colombian-based cut points for determining the proportion of Colombian youth at "high" risk were preferable to U.S.-based cut points in almost all comparisons that exhibited a significant difference. Our findings suggest that observed differences were related to the type of risk factor (e.g., drug specific vs. non-drug specific). Findings from this study demonstrate the need for collecting large-scale national data on risk factors for adolescent substance use and developing country-specific cut points based on the distributions of these measures to avoid misidentification of youth at "high" risk.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias , Adolescente , Trastorno de Personalidad Antisocial , Colombia/epidemiología , Humanos , Factores de Riesgo , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/epidemiología , Estados Unidos
20.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33477410

RESUMEN

Adolescent suse internet via several devices to gather information or communicate. Sleep, as a key factor of adolescents' development, contributes to their physical and mental health. Over the past decades insufficient sleep among adolescents has been wide spread, and one of its attributing factors is the increased availability of technology. This review aims to investigate the body of evidence regarding the impact of problematic internet use on adolescent sleep. Extensive search of databases was performed according to PRISMA guidelines for studies published within the last decade, regarding subjects aged 10-19. The final step of the search yielded 12 original studies. The quality of extracted data was evaluated with the AXIS tool, in order to estimate the risk of bias. All studies showed a negative correlation between adolescent sleep and problematic internet use. It was found to affect sleep quality and quantity and provoke insomnia symptoms. Interestingly, adolescent's sex, parental educational level, type of family and use for leisure or academic reasons appeared as affecting factors of the problematic internet use-sleep relationship. Problematic internet use has several effects on adolescents' sleep. Results of relevant studies should be embedded in educational interventions addressed to adolescents as well as parents, to eliminate the negative outcomes of problematic internet use on sleep and adolescence's health in general.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Conducta Adictiva , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia , Adolescente , Adulto , Conducta Adictiva/epidemiología , Niño , Humanos , Internet , Sueño , Adulto Joven
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