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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e39144, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1120225

RESUMEN

Objetivo: analisar estudos referentes à avaliação da qualidade de vida de pessoas vivendo com HIV no Brasil, por meio de uma revisão integrativa da literatura. Método: trata-se de revisão integrativa que incluiu 22 artigos científicos publicados no período de 2011 a 2019. Resultados: os principais instrumentos utilizados na avaliação da qualidade de vida foram o WHOQOL-HIV bref e o HAT-QOL. Os domínios com maiores escores na avaliação foram confiança no médico, psicológico e espiritualidade; as piores avaliações relacionavam-se com os domínios meio ambiente e preocupação com o sigilo. A exposição do diagnóstico impacta negativamente para a qualidade de vida bem como as condições de vida e saúde. Considerações finais: a qualidade de vida é um construto multidimensional e subjetivo com implicação direta na saúde e tratamento das pessoas vivendo com HIV, portanto, compreender os fatores que impactam sua avaliação é primordial na elaboração de políticas públicas e melhores condições de vida.


Objective: to analyze studies on evaluating the quality of life of people living with HIV in Brazil, by integrative literature review. Method: this integrative review included 22 scientific articles published from 2011 to 2019. Results: the instruments most used to assess quality of life were the WHOQOL-HIV bref and the HAT-QOL. The highest-scoring domains were trust in the doctor, psychology and spirituality, while the lowest scores related to the environment and confidentiality concerns. Exposing the diagnosis has adverse impacts on both quality of life and conditions of life and health. Final considerations: quality of life is a multidimensional, subjective construct with direct implications for the health and treatment of people living with HIV. Accordingly, in order to develop public policies and improve conditions of life, it is essential to understand the factors that impact on its assessment.


Objetivo: analizar estudios sobre la evaluación de la calidad de vida de las personas que viven con el VIH en Brasil, mediante revisión integradora de la literatura. Método: esta revisión integradora incluyó 22 artículos científicos publicados entre 2011 y 2019. Resultados: los instrumentos más utilizados para evaluar la calidad de vida fueron el WHOQOL-HIV bref y el HAT-QOL. Los dominios de mayor puntuación fueron la confianza en el médico, la psicología y la espiritualidad, mientras que las puntuaciones más bajas se relacionaron con el medio ambiente y las preocupaciones de confidencialidad. Exponer el diagnóstico tiene impactos adversos tanto en la calidad de vida como en las condiciones de vida y salud. Consideraciones finales: la calidad de vida es un constructo subjetivo multidimensional con implicaciones directas para la salud y el tratamiento de las personas que viven con el VIH. En consecuencia, para desarrollar políticas públicas y mejorar las condiciones de vida, es fundamental conocer los factores que inciden en su evaluación.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida/psicología , VIH , Brasil , Revisión , Confidencialidad/psicología , Confianza/psicología
2.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239666, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027262

RESUMEN

Individuals who encounter false information on social media may actively spread it further, by sharing or otherwise engaging with it. Much of the spread of disinformation can thus be attributed to human action. Four studies (total N = 2,634) explored the effect of message attributes (authoritativeness of source, consensus indicators), viewer characteristics (digital literacy, personality, and demographic variables) and their interaction (consistency between message and recipient beliefs) on self-reported likelihood of spreading examples of disinformation. Participants also reported whether they had shared real-world disinformation in the past. Reported likelihood of sharing was not influenced by authoritativeness of the source of the material, nor indicators of how many other people had previously engaged with it. Participants' level of digital literacy had little effect on their responses. The people reporting the greatest likelihood of sharing disinformation were those who thought it likely to be true, or who had pre-existing attitudes consistent with it. They were likely to have previous familiarity with the materials. Across the four studies, personality (lower Agreeableness and Conscientiousness, higher Extraversion and Neuroticism) and demographic variables (male gender, lower age and lower education) were weakly and inconsistently associated with self-reported likelihood of sharing. These findings have implications for strategies more or less likely to work in countering disinformation in social media.


Asunto(s)
Difusión de la Información/ética , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/ética , Confianza/psicología , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Predicción/métodos , Humanos , Difusión de la Información/métodos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Personalidad , Probabilidad , Autoinforme , Medios de Comunicación Sociales/tendencias
3.
BMJ Glob Health ; 5(10)2020 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33037063

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented public health crisis. It is becoming increasingly clear that people's behavioural responses in the USA during this fast-changing pandemic are associated with their preferred media sources. The polarisation of US media has been reflected in politically motivated messaging around the coronavirus by some media outlets, such as Fox News. This resulted in different messaging around the risks of infection and behavioural changes necessary to mitigate that risk. This study determined if COVID-related behaviours differed according to trust in left-leaning or right-leaning media and how differences changed over the first several months of the pandemic. METHODS: Using the nationally representative Understanding America Study COVID-19 panel, we examine preventive and risky behaviours related to infection from COVID-19 over the period from 10 March to 9 June for people with trust in different media sources: one left-leaning, CNN and another right-leaning, Fox News. People's media preferences are categorised into three groups: (1) those who trust CNN more than Fox News; (2) those who have equal or no preferences and (3) those who trust Fox News more than CNN. RESULTS: Results showed that compared with those who trust CNN more than Fox news, people who trust Fox News more than CNN engaged in fewer preventive behaviours and more risky behaviours related to COVID-19. Out of five preventive and five risky behaviours examined, people who trust Fox News more than CNN practised an average of 3.41 preventive behaviours and 1.25 risky behaviours, while those who trust CNN more than Fox News engaged in an average of 3.85 preventive and 0.94 risky behaviours, from late March to June. The difference between these two groups widened in the month of May (p≤0.01), even after controlling for access to professional information and overall diversity of information sources. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that behavioural responses were divided along media bias lines. In such a highly partisan environment, false information can be easily disseminated, and health messaging, which is one of the few effective ways to slowdown the spread of the virus in the absence of a vaccine, is being damaged by politically biased and economically focused narratives. During a public health crisis, media should reduce their partisan stance on health information, and the health messaging from neutral and professional sources based on scientific findings should be better promoted.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud/etnología , Conductas de Riesgo para la Salud , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Confianza/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/etnología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/etnología , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estados Unidos/etnología , Adulto Joven
4.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238884, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913352

RESUMEN

In Australia, physiotherapists are registered healthcare practitioners who possess the knowledge and skills to care for clients with poor physical health as a result of musculoskeletal, neurological, and respiratory conditions. Although physiotherapists are not considered a primary profession in the Australian mental health workforce, the association between suicide and poor physical health suggests that they may encounter clients with suicidal thoughts and behaviours. We used a qualitative approach inspired by phenomenology to explore the experiences of nine physiotherapists who encountered clients with suicidal thoughts and behaviours. We used a combination of focus groups and in-depth interviews to collect this data. The data were analysed inductively using framework analysis. The main themes identified in the data were: i) the importance of trust, ii) the mechanism of conversation, and iii) the 'middle space'. The middle space refers to the experience of working with clients at risk of low or medium risk of suicide. A trusting practitioner-client relationship was reported to be essential in facilitating the disclosure of suicidal thoughts and behaviours. Physiotherapists also reported that less structured subjective assessments encourage clients to talk more openly, which in turn facilitates the disclosure of suicidal thoughts and behaviours. Once the disclosure of suicidal thoughts and behaviours occurred, physiotherapists reported a lack of confidence regarding role clarity and issues associated with this. Difficulties were most evident during encounters with clients with low to medium suicide risk due to a lack of confidence in the accuracy of assessment of these clients. The findings suggest that physiotherapists are well placed to detect and/or receive disclosure of suicidal thoughts and behaviours, as well as the need for physiotherapists to be trained in how to support clients who disclose suicidal thoughts and behaviours.


Asunto(s)
Fisioterapeutas/psicología , Intento de Suicidio/psicología , Confianza/psicología , Adulto , Australia , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Relaciones Profesional-Paciente , Investigación Cualitativa , Factores de Riesgo , Ideación Suicida , Revelación de la Verdad
6.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0237934, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916694

RESUMEN

Interpersonal trust is an important source of social and economic development. Over decades, researchers debated the question whether and how public institutions influence interpersonal trust, making this relationship a much-discussed issue for scientific debate. However, experimental and behavioral data and insights on this relationship and the underlying psychological processes are rare and often inconsistent. The present set of studies tests a model which proposes that institutional trust indirectly affects trust among unrelated strangers by enhancing individuals' feelings of security. Study 1 (survey on trust in a broad spectrum of state institutions), Study 2 (nationally representative data from 16 countries), and Study 3 (experimental manipulation of institutional trust) provide convergent support for this hypothesis. Also, the results show that the effect remains consistent even after controlling for individual dispositions linked to interpersonal and institutional trust (Study 1 and 3) and country level indicators of institutional performance (Study 2). Taken together, these findings inform and contribute to the debate about the relationship between institutions and interpersonal trust by showing that when institutions are trusted, they increase feelings of security, and therefore promote interpersonal trust among strangers.


Asunto(s)
Cultura Organizacional , Confianza/psicología , Adulto , Emociones , Femenino , Humanos , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Masculino
7.
Transl Behav Med ; 10(4): 850-856, 2020 10 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32910819

RESUMEN

Conspiracy theories have been proliferating during the COVID-19 pandemic. Evidence suggests that belief in conspiracy theories undermines engagement in pro-health behaviors and support for public health policies. Moreover, previous work suggests that inoculating messages from opinion leaders that expose conspiracy theories as false before people are exposed to them can help to prevent belief in new conspiracies. Goals of this study were to: (a) explore associations between COVID-19 conspiracy beliefs with SARS-CoV-2 vaccine intentions, cooperation with public health recommendations, and support for public health policies among U.S. adults and (b) investigate trusted sources of COVID-19 information to inform strategies to address conspiracy beliefs. A cross-sectional, online survey was conducted with 845 U.S. adults in April 2020. Data were analyzed using analyses of variance and multivariable regressions. One-third (33%) of participants believed one or more conspiracies about COVID-19. Participants who believed conspiracies reported that their intentions to vaccinate were 3.9 times lower and indicated less support for COVID-19 public health policies than participants who disbelieved conspiracies. There were no differences in cooperation with public health recommendations by conspiracy belief endorsement in the multivariable regression analysis. Although there were some key differences in trusted sources of COVID-19 information, doctor(s) were the most trusted source of information about COVID-19 overall with 90% of participants trusting doctor(s). Doctor(s) may play a role in addressing COVID-19 conspiracy theories before people are exposed to them to promote COVID-19 prevention efforts.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Cooperativa , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Política Pública/tendencias , Confianza/psicología , Vacunación/psicología , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Cultura , Femenino , Humanos , Intención , Masculino , Pandemias/prevención & control , Rol del Médico , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Psicología , Práctica de Salud Pública , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
8.
Vaccine ; 38(44): 6882-6888, 2020 10 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912643

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The Changchun Changsheng Vaccine Incident (CCVI) occurred mid-2018 and involved irregularities in the manufacture and quality control of diphtheria-tetanus-acellular-pertussis and rabies vaccines. This study investigates vaccine confidence amongst Chinese caregivers and vaccination-service providers (VSPs) six months after the CCVI. METHODS: Quantitative surveys were conducted in January 2019 with 2124 caregivers of children and 555 VSPs in three areas in China. The proportions of respondents who agreed to the four statements from the Vaccine Confidence Index™ were used to measure vaccine confidence. Descriptive and univariate analyses were performed to study the level of vaccine confidence. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 48 caregivers, 43 VSPs and 9 immunization program managers. Interviews were analyzed thematically using a combination of deductive and inductive coding. Media surveillance was conducted to monitor public responses to the CCVI. RESULTS: Media surveillance indicated that public attention to vaccine-related issues increased sharply immediately post-CCVI but declined rapidly thereafter. Six months post-CCVI, 96.0% of caregivers and the same proportion of VSPs reported that vaccination was important and compatible with their religious beliefs. 82.7% and 88.2% of caregivers agreed that vaccines were safe and effective. 92.8% and 94.6% of VSPs agreed that vaccines were safe and effective. Both caregivers and VSPs reported an immediate decline in vaccine confidence post-CCVI. In most cases this trust was regained over time following government and public health responses, however some people remained hesitant about vaccinating their children. Many VSPs were overwhelmed by consultations, workload and psychological pressure after the CCVI. CONCLUSION: After an initial decline, vaccine confidence recovered to pre-incident levels six months after the CCVI. However, some caregivers moved from the higher to the lower end of the vaccine confidence spectrum, pointing to the need to promote the acceptance of vaccination especially given the need for new vaccines to control the coronavirus epidemic.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores/psicología , Cuerpo Médico/psicología , Control de Calidad , Retirada de Medicamento por Seguridad , Confianza/psicología , Adulto , China , Estudios Transversales , Vacunas contra Difteria, Tétanos y Tos Ferina Acelular/efectos adversos , Femenino , Humanos , Programas de Inmunización , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Vacunas Antirrábicas/efectos adversos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Vacunación/estadística & datos numéricos , Negativa a la Vacunación/psicología
9.
Sci Adv ; 6(37)2020 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917709

RESUMEN

Mistrust of scientific evidence and government-issued guidelines is increasingly correlated with political affiliation. Survey evidence has documented skepticism in a diverse set of issues including climate change, vaccine hesitancy, and, most recently, COVID-19 risks. Less well understood is whether these beliefs alter high-stakes behavior. Combining GPS data for 2.7 million smartphone users in Florida and Texas with 2016 U.S. presidential election precinct-level results, we examine how conservative-media dismissals of hurricane advisories in 2017 influenced evacuation decisions. Likely Trump-voting Florida residents were 10 to 11 percentage points less likely to evacuate Hurricane Irma than Clinton voters (34% versus 45%), a gap not present in prior hurricanes. Results are robust to fine-grain geographic controls, which compare likely Clinton and Trump voters living within 150 m of each other. The rapid surge in media-led suspicion of hurricane forecasts-and the resulting divide in self-protective measures-illustrates a large behavioral consequence of science denialism.


Asunto(s)
Negación en Psicología , Política , Confianza/psicología , Movimiento Anti-Vacunación , Betacoronavirus , Cambio Climático , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Florida , Sistemas de Información Geográfica , Gobierno , Humanos , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Texas , Estados Unidos , Negativa a la Vacunación
12.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237734, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32817681

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Over the last decades, health systems worldwide have faced a decline in public trust. For marginalized minority populations, who generally suffer from poverty and political exclusion, the roots of this trend go much deeper, establishing a state of bi-directional distrust between them and health institutions. Although studied to a lesser extent compared to trust, distrust does impede health initiatives, such as infectious diseases prevention programs, mostly of so-called Neglected Zoonotic Diseases (NZDs). Where distrust prevails, even trust building actions such as defining rights and obligations, prioritizing "the greater good" and increasing transparency, are prone to failure. In this study, we deepen the understanding of the concept of distrust through a unique case study of Brucellosis, a prevalent bacterial zoonotic disease endemic to disadvantaged Bedouin communities in southern Israel. METHODS: In the years 2015-2019, we qualitatively studied socio-political aspects in a governmental Brucellosis control campaign in southern Israel. We used in-depth interviews with 38 governmental and private health workers, agriculture and nature preservation workers, livestock owners and community leaders. Further, we conducted participant observation in 10 livestock pens and in policymaking meetings, and collected policy and media documents in order to triangulate the results. RESULTS: We conceptualize three different types of distrust between authorities and marginalized communities-"intention-based distrust", "values-based distrust" and "circular distrust"-to better explain how distrust originates and reinforces itself, reproducing the endemicity of NZDs. Based on that, we portray a practical framework to reduce distrust in health policies, by reframing local discourses, reshaping disease monitoring schemes from enforcement-based to participation-based, and promoting political inclusion of disadvantaged communities. CONCLUSIONS: The suggested analysis and framework redirect health policy objectives to not only acknowledge, contain and reduce the consequences of distrust, but also to strive for societal justice as a tool for health promotion.


Asunto(s)
Brucelosis/epidemiología , Programas de Gobierno , Política de Salud , Zoonosis/epidemiología , Animales , Árabes/psicología , Brucelosis/microbiología , Femenino , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Israel/epidemiología , Masculino , Enfermedades Desatendidas/epidemiología , Enfermedades Desatendidas/microbiología , Formulación de Políticas , Confianza/psicología , Zoonosis/microbiología
13.
Br J Soc Psychol ; 59(3): 641-652, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621294

RESUMEN

Partisan patterns of compliance with public health measures are a feature of early COVID-19 responses. In many cases, these differences in behaviour relate to pre-existing group identities. However, in times of rapid societal change, novel opinion-based groups can emerge and provide a new basis for partisan identification and divergent collective behaviour. Here, we use network methods to map the emergence of opposing opinion-based groups and assess their implications for public health behaviour. In a longitudinal study, we tracked public health attitudes and self-reported behaviour in a sample of UK participants over four time points. Network visualisation reveal a rift in attitudinal alignment over time and the genesis of two distinct groups characterised by trust, or distrust, in science (Study 1a; N = 253). These groups also diverge in public health behaviour. In a brief follow-up study (N = 206), we find that this opinion polarization partially reflects underlying societal divides. We discuss implications for opinion-based group research and public health campaigns.


Asunto(s)
Actitud Frente a la Salud , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Opinión Pública , Adulto , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Femenino , Promoción de la Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Política , Salud Pública , Conducta de Reducción del Riesgo , Autoinforme , Factores Socioeconómicos , Confianza/psicología , Reino Unido
15.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236170, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701982

RESUMEN

Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with paradoxical trust cognitions and behaviours. While BPD is associated with difficulty forming trust and maintaining cooperation in trust-based exchanges, design and analytical methodology best suited to reveal the temporal ebb and flow of trust have been underutilized. We used an economic game to examine the trajectories of trust as it forms, dissolves, and restores in response to trust violation and repair, and to explain how these vary as a function of borderline pathology. Young adults (N = 234) played a 15-round trust game in which partner trustworthiness was varied to create three phases: trust formation, trust violation, and trust restoration. Discontinuous growth modelling was employed to capture the trends in trust over time and their relationship with BPD trait count. BPD trait count was associated with an incongruous pattern of trust behaviour in the form of declining trust when interacting with a new and cooperative partner, and paradoxically, increasing trust following multiple instances of trust violation by that partner. BPD trait count was also associated with trust restoring at a faster rate than it was originally formed. By adopting a methodology that recognizes the dynamic nature of trust, this study illustrated at a micro level how relational disturbances may be produced and maintained in those with a moderate to high BPD trait count. Further investigation of the factors and processes that underlie these incongruous trust dynamics is recommended.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno de Personalidad Limítrofe/psicología , Modelos Biológicos , Confianza/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Joven
18.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 942, 2020 Jun 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32539779

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Primary Health Care (PHC) was introduced as the first level of health services delivery after Alma-Ata declaration. However, after forty years, it needs to be more trustful to achieve its predefined objectives. Public trust in PHC is one of the neglected issues in the context. The aim of this study is to evaluate public trust in PHC in Iran. METHODS: The present investigation is a household survey conducted in East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. Two-stage cluster sampling method with Probability Proportional to Size (PPS) approach was used. Totally, 1178 households were enrolled in the study. PHC trust questionnaire and Ultra-short version of Socio-Economic Status assessment questionnaire (SES-Iran) was used for data collection. Data were analyzed using STATA software (version 15) through descriptive statistics and linear regression. RESULTS: The mean ± SD age of the participants was 41.2 ± 15.1 and most (53.7%) were female. Mean score of PHC trust was 56.9 ± 24.7 (out of 100). It was significantly different between residents of Tabriz (the capital of province) and other cities in the province (p < 0.001). Linear regression showed that younger age, gender, insurance type, being married, and households higher socio-economic status had a significant positive effect on PHC trust level with R2 = 0.14383. CONCLUSIONS: Public trust in PHC system in Iran needs to be improved. Individual variables had a small but key role in trust level. PHC trust cannot be only affected by individual's variables and experiences but also by health system and health providers' characteristics and public context in which PHC system exists. PHC trust level could be used as a public indicator in health systems especially in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMIC) to contribute in system strengthening policies at the national and international levels.


Asunto(s)
Prestación de Atención de Salud/organización & administración , Satisfacción del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Atención Primaria de Salud/organización & administración , Opinión Pública , Confianza/psicología , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Irán , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
Nat Hum Behav ; 4(6): 646-655, 2020 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32514040

RESUMEN

In an influential paper, Kosfeld et al. (2005) showed that intranasal administration of oxytocin (OT) increases the transfers made by investors in the trust game-suggesting that OT increases trust in strangers. Subsequent studies investigating the role of OT in the trust game found inconclusive effects on the trusting behaviour of investors but these studies deviated from the Kosfeld et al. study in an important way-they did not implement minimal social contact (MSC) between the investors and the trustees in the trust game. Here, we performed a large double-blind and placebo-controlled replication study of the effects of OT on trusting behaviour that yields a power of more than 95% and implements an MSC condition as well as a no-social-contact (NoC) condition. We find no effect of OT on trusting behaviour in the MSC condition. Exploratory post hoc analyses suggest that OT may increase trust in individuals with a low disposition to trust in the NoC condition, but this finding requires confirmation in future research. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION: The stage 1 protocol for this Registered Report was accepted in principle on 19 October 2018. The protocol, as accepted by the journal, can be found at https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.11980368.


Asunto(s)
Oxitocina/farmacología , Confianza , Administración Intranasal , Adolescente , Adulto , Método Doble Ciego , Juegos Experimentales , Humanos , Masculino , Oxitocina/administración & dosificación , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Confianza/psicología , Adulto Joven
20.
Br J Soc Psychol ; 59(3): 584-593, 2020 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32474966

RESUMEN

In the face of a novel infectious disease, changing our collective behaviour is critical to saving lives. One determinant of risk perception and risk behaviour that is often overlooked is the degree to which we share psychological group membership with others. We outline, and summarize supporting evidence for, a theoretical model that articulates the role of shared group membership in attenuating health risk perception and increasing health risk behaviour. We emphasize the importance of attending to these processes in the context of the ongoing response to COVID-19 and conclude with three recommendations for how group processes can be harnessed to improve this response.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Procesos de Grupo , Conductas de Riesgo para la Salud , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Identificación Social , Actitud Frente a la Salud , Femenino , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Masculino , Pandemias , Percepción , Factores de Riesgo , Conducta de Reducción del Riesgo , Confianza/psicología
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