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1.
Neuron ; 109(19): 3036-3040, 2021 10 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34559982

RESUMEN

The Learning Salon is an online weekly forum for discussing points of contention and common ground in biological and artificial learning. Hosting neuroscientists, computer scientists, AI researchers, and philosophers, the Salon promotes short talks and long discussions, committed to an ethos of participation, horizontality, and inclusion.


Asunto(s)
Neurociencias/tendencias , Comunicación por Videoconferencia/tendencias , Comunicación , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Congresos como Asunto/tendencias , Diversidad Cultural , Historia del Siglo XVII , Historia del Siglo XVIII , Comunicación Interdisciplinaria
2.
Int Arch Allergy Immunol ; 182(10): 895-903, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34407533

RESUMEN

The Collegium Internationale Allergologicum (CIA) was founded on 15 October 1954 in London by a group of 48 international allergists and immunologists from 18 countries of all continents, among them such distinguished scientists as Carl Prausnitz-Giles, Sir Henry Dale, Paul Kallos, and many others. Contrary to other international associations in the field, this Collegium limited the number of members in order to allow more intense and open discussions in "the humble spirit of scientific enquiry, friendly cooperation, good fellowship and professional relationships in the field of allergy" as stated in the statutes. It is not possible to apply for membership, and one has to be proposed by at least 2 CIA members and invited to present at least once at a symposium. Over the decades, a rhythm of biannual symposia developed, the 32nd held in Palma de Mallorca in October 2018. These symposia went around the world from London, Rome, Copenhagen, New Orleans, Puerto Vallarta, Nantucket, Hakone, Konstanz, Goeteborg, and Sorrento, just to name a few places. Preferably they were held on islands such as Capri, Corfu, Martinique, Curacao, Bornholm, Malta, and Ischia in order to make it more difficult for people to arrive late or leave early. It is expected that participants stay over the whole length of the 5-day symposium. On these symposia, it is good custom to also present unpublished data, so participants get the latest news. The most important developments in the field of Allergy and Clinical Immunology have been discussed at early stage and sometimes by speakers who later won the Nobel Prize. While all presentations are equal, be it oral communications or posters, there are 3 special lectures, namely the Carl Prausnitz lecture, the Paul Kallos lecture, and a "Relaxing from Immunology" lecture which can be devoted to any interesting topic not necessarily related to medicine or allergy. Since many years, the contents of the symposium are published in a proceedings volume, over a longtime printed within the "International Archives of Allergy and Immunology" which until now is the official journal of the Collegium. Participants agree that in the flood of more and more scientific congresses and larger events, the CIA Symposia are unique in their openness and friendly scientific interchange.


Asunto(s)
Alergia e Inmunología/historia , Sociedades Científicas/historia , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI
3.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 147(11): 3325-3331, 2021 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34287679

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This article presents new research on the role of the renowned German physician Ernst von Leyden (1832-1910) in the emergence of oncology as a scientific discipline. METHODS: The article draws on archival sources from the archive of the German Society of Haematology and primary and secondary literature. RESULTS: Leyden initiated two important events in the early history of oncology: the first international cancer conference, which took place in Heidelberg, Germany, in 1906, and the founding of the first international association for cancer research (forerunner of today's UICC) in Berlin in 1908. Unfortunately, these facts are not mentioned in the most recent accounts. Both had a strong impact on the professionalization of oncology as a discipline in its own right. CONCLUSION: Although not of Jewish origin, von Leyden was considered by the National Socialists to be "Jewish tainted", which had a lasting effect on his perception at home and abroad.


Asunto(s)
Oncología Médica/historia , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Alemania , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos
4.
Pediatr Diabetes ; 22(5): 834-838, 2021 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34109724
5.
Development ; 148(12)2021 06 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34170290

RESUMEN

The third 'Symposium for the Next Generation of Stem Cell Research' (SY-Stem) was held virtually on 3-5 March 2021, having been cancelled in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. As in previous years, the meeting highlighted the work of early career researchers, ranging from postgraduate students to young group leaders working in developmental and stem cell biology. Here, we summarize the excellent work presented at the Symposium, which covered topics ranging from pluripotency, species-specific aspects of development and emerging technologies, through to organoids, single-cell technology and clinical applications.


Asunto(s)
Congresos como Asunto/organización & administración , Invenciones/tendencias , Investigación con Células Madre , Animales , COVID-19/epidemiología , Diferenciación Celular , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Congresos como Asunto/tendencias , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Internet , Invenciones/historia , Sistemas en Línea , Pandemias , Análisis de la Célula Individual/métodos , Análisis de la Célula Individual/tendencias , Investigación con Células Madre/historia , Células Madre/fisiología , Técnicas de Cultivo de Tejidos/métodos , Técnicas de Cultivo de Tejidos/tendencias
6.
Cancer Radiother ; 25(5): 411-418, 2021 Jul.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33875367

RESUMEN

The French society of oncological radiotherapy (Société française de radiothérapie oncologique, SFRO) was created in 1990. On the occasion of its thirtieth annual congress, in October 2019, a session was devoted to it, with the objective of exposing its functioning, its actions and its productions during these three decades during which radiotherapy and oncology have undergone unprecedented transformations. We propose in this article to outline the content of this session.


Asunto(s)
Aniversarios y Eventos Especiales , Oncología por Radiación , Sociedades Médicas/historia , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Francia , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Guías de Práctica Clínica como Asunto
7.
Urol Oncol ; 39(9): 506-513, 2021 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33612355

RESUMEN

This narrative reviews the history of Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations from its inception and founding through its development to reach its current status. It describes the difficulties it experienced during its initial years when it almost folded, its resuscitation when it was designated as the "official journal" of the Society of Urologic Oncology, its merger with Seminars in Urologic Oncology to strengthen the content of both journals in a new format, its acceptance for indexation by the National Library of Medicine, its progress to monthly publication in addressing the needs of both authors and readership, and its current status as a leading multidisciplinary journal in urologic oncology. As a founding editor and managing editor for the first 5 years and then as editor-in-chief for the next 20 years, the author has been integrally involved in each step of the Journal's development and maturation. The Journal has been referred to as "the journal that almost never was" as it now has reached its 25th year of publication. This article commemorates the Journal's 25th Anniversary and gratefully acknowledges all of those investigators, authors, reviewers, editors, publishers and the readership who have contributed to the Journal's ongoing success.


Asunto(s)
Oncología Médica , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/historia , Urología , Investigación Biomédica/historia , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI
9.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(4): 1713-1718, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33484357

RESUMEN

This paper chronicles the third decade of MASCC from 2010. There was a generational change in this decade, building on the solid foundation of the founders. It included the first female President, and a new Executive Director with a background in strategy and business development and operations as applied to healthcare. The headquarters moved from Copenhagen to Toronto. The first meeting to be held outside of Europe or North America was held in Adelaide, Australia, and the membership in the Asia Pacific region expanded. A program of international affiliates saw national supportive care organisations formally link with MASCC. In cancer supportive care, there was a raft of new toxicities to manage as immunotherapies were added to conventional cytotoxic treatment. There was also a greater emphasis on the psychosocial needs of patients and families. New MASCC groups were formed to respond to this evolution in cancer management. The MASCC journal, Supportive Care in Cancer, continued to grow in impact, and MASCC published two editions of a textbook of supportive care and survivorship. The decade ended with the challenge of the COVID-19 pandemic, but that served to highlight the importance of good supportive care to patients with cancer.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos/historia , Cuidados Paliativos/tendencias , Sociedades Médicas/historia , COVID-19/epidemiología , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Congresos como Asunto/tendencias , Consejo Directivo/historia , Consejo Directivo/tendencias , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Agencias Internacionales/historia , Agencias Internacionales/organización & administración , Agencias Internacionales/normas , Agencias Internacionales/tendencias , Cooperación Internacional/historia , Neoplasias/historia , Cuidados Paliativos/organización & administración , Pandemias , Publicaciones/historia , Publicaciones/tendencias , SARS-CoV-2/fisiología , Sociedades Médicas/organización & administración , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Sociedades Médicas/tendencias
10.
World Neurosurg ; 147: 130-143, 2021 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33307257

RESUMEN

The Society of Neurological Surgeons (SNS), founded in 1920, is one of the oldest neurosurgical society in the world. The founding members were prominent surgeons that met with the idea of furthering the field of neurosurgery. Initial meetings were forums to observe and discuss new surgeries. During the first 6 meetings of the SNS, surgical cases from the areas of cranial trauma, epilepsy, spinal cord tumors, brain tumors, pituitary tumor, trigeminal neuralgia, and cerebellar tumors were discussed. Publications from the members during that time included articles on the use of intracranial hypertonic saline, trigeminal neuralgia, brachial plexus injuries, management of head injury, spinal cord tumors, cervical spine trauma, and intracranial hemorrhage in the newborn. The members also invited lecturers from other specialties, such as neurology, ophthalmology, radiology, and pathology, typifying the interdisciplinary nature of neurosurgical practice. The meetings served as a forum to build consensus on neurosurgical treatment methods. Cases that ultimately changed the practice of neurosurgery at that time will be profiled. The SNS began as a traveling club of neurosurgical leaders who learned from each other's clinical experience to mold this burgeoning new field. However, the members made an impact on how neurosurgery was practiced nationally.


Asunto(s)
Neurocirugia/historia , Sociedades Médicas/historia , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Estados Unidos
11.
Cien Saude Colet ; 25(12): 4723-4735, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295496

RESUMEN

This article updates the previous text of the main author published in 2000, revisiting the scientific evidence that reaffirms the contribution of health to the quality of life of individuals and populations. More than the access to health services of any quality, it is necessary to face determinants of health in its entirety, which requires healthy public policies, an effective intersectoral articulation of public power and mobilization of the population. The authors revisit the emergence and development of health promotion, focusing on the analysis of the most promising health strategies for the increase in quality of life, especially in societies with high social and health inequalities, as in the case of Brazil, reinforced by the recent pandemic of COVID-19. Such strategies were concretized on healthy municipalities and intersectoral actions, in health and in all policies which confront social determinants, through their own foundations and practices that are closely related to innovations in public management for integrated and sustainable local development, in view of the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Objectives (SDG).


Este artigo atualiza o texto anterior do autor principal publicado em 2000, revisitando as evidências científicas que reafirmam a contribuição da saúde para a qualidade de vida de indivíduos e populações. Mais do que o acesso a serviços de saúde de qualidade, é necessário enfrentar os determinantes da saúde em toda a sua amplitude, o que requer políticas públicas saudáveis, uma efetiva articulação intersetorial do poder público e a mobilização da população. Os autores revisitam a emergência e o desenvolvimento da promoção da saúde, centrando sua análise nas estratégias mais promissoras para o incremento da qualidade de vida propostas pelo setor saúde, sobretudo em formações sociais com alta desigualdade sociosanitária, como é o caso do Brasil, reforçada pela recente pandemia de COVID-19. É no movimento dos municípios saudáveis e em ações intersetoriais, na saúde em todas as políticas e no enfrentamentos dos determinantes sociais da saúde que tais estratégias se concretizam, através de seus próprios fundamentos e práticas, que estão estreitamente relacionados com as inovações na gestão pública para o desenvolvimento local integrado e sustentável, "vis a vis" a nova Agenda 2030 e seus Objetivos do Desenvolvimento Sustentável (ODS).


Asunto(s)
Congresos como Asunto , Promoción de la Salud/historia , Calidad de Vida , Desarrollo Sostenible , Brasil , COVID-19/epidemiología , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Disparidades en el Estado de Salud , Disparidades en Atención de Salud , Programas Gente Sana , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Pandemias , Salud Pública , Política Pública , SARS-CoV-2 , Determinantes Sociales de la Salud , Factores Socioeconómicos
13.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 25(12): 4723-4735, Dec. 2020. tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Coleciona SUS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1142730

RESUMEN

Resumo Este artigo atualiza o texto anterior do autor principal publicado em 2000, revisitando as evidências científicas que reafirmam a contribuição da saúde para a qualidade de vida de indivíduos e populações. Mais do que o acesso a serviços de saúde de qualidade, é necessário enfrentar os determinantes da saúde em toda a sua amplitude, o que requer políticas públicas saudáveis, uma efetiva articulação intersetorial do poder público e a mobilização da população. Os autores revisitam a emergência e o desenvolvimento da promoção da saúde, centrando sua análise nas estratégias mais promissoras para o incremento da qualidade de vida propostas pelo setor saúde, sobretudo em formações sociais com alta desigualdade sociosanitária, como é o caso do Brasil, reforçada pela recente pandemia de COVID-19. É no movimento dos municípios saudáveis e em ações intersetoriais, na saúde em todas as políticas e no enfrentamentos dos determinantes sociais da saúde que tais estratégias se concretizam, através de seus próprios fundamentos e práticas, que estão estreitamente relacionados com as inovações na gestão pública para o desenvolvimento local integrado e sustentável, "vis a vis" a nova Agenda 2030 e seus Objetivos do Desenvolvimento Sustentável (ODS).


Abstract This article updates the previous text of the main author published in 2000, revisiting the scientific evidence that reaffirms the contribution of health to the quality of life of individuals and populations. More than the access to health services of any quality, it is necessary to face determinants of health in its entirety, which requires healthy public policies, an effective intersectoral articulation of public power and mobilization of the population. The authors revisit the emergence and development of health promotion, focusing on the analysis of the most promising health strategies for the increase in quality of life, especially in societies with high social and health inequalities, as in the case of Brazil, reinforced by the recent pandemic of COVID-19. Such strategies were concretized on healthy municipalities and intersectoral actions, in health and in all policies which confront social determinants, through their own foundations and practices that are closely related to innovations in public management for integrated and sustainable local development, in view of the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Objectives (SDG).


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Historia del Siglo XXI , Calidad de Vida , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Promoción de la Salud/historia , Política Pública , Factores Socioeconómicos , Brasil , Salud Pública , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Programas Gente Sana , Disparidades en el Estado de Salud , Disparidades en Atención de Salud , Pandemias , Determinantes Sociales de la Salud , Betacoronavirus , Desarrollo Sostenible
16.
J World Fed Orthod ; 9(3S): S3-S14, 2020 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023729

RESUMEN

The idea of a global orthodontic organization, the World Federation of Orthodontists (WFO), made up of national and regional orthodontic organizations, was realized in 1995 in San Francisco at the 4th International Orthodontic Congress that was held in conjunction with the 95th annual American Association of Orthodontists meeting. This umbrella organization strives to promote quality orthodontic care, practiced and delivered by orthodontic specialists in all parts of the world. In addition, it supports its member organizations with governing principles that promote appropriate membership criteria, qualified individual leadership participation, and long-term stability of the organization over time. In response to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 pandemic, the WFO has responded proactively and plans to augment its digital resources even further in the near future. This article describes the formation of the organization, the idea that germinated through the first three international orthodontic congresses, its workflow and membership criteria, the accountability and commitment it has toward its affiliates and individual members, and its plans for future years to come.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Ortodoncia/historia , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Sociedades Odontológicas/historia , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Cooperación Internacional/historia , Objetivos Organizacionales , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
17.
ChemMedChem ; 15(24): 2363-2387, 2020 12 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063943

RESUMEN

These memoirs span the first fifty years of the European Federation for Medicinal Chemistry (EFMC). They are the personal observations and remembrance of Prof. Henk Timmerman, who witnessed how the EFMC developed since its inception in December 1969, and are published at the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the EFMC. They include, with permission from the EFMC, material that was previously published in EFMC newsletters. These texts are for the first time united and completed, to tell the history of an organization that has accompanied and shaped the development of medicinal chemistry in Europe. They also highlight, through facts and anecdotes, the role of the men and women who are the scientific leaders and drivers of this extended scientific community.


Asunto(s)
Química Farmacéutica/historia , Agencias Internacionales/historia , Sociedades Científicas/historia , Distinciones y Premios , Química Farmacéutica/educación , Química Farmacéutica/organización & administración , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Desarrollo de Medicamentos , Descubrimiento de Drogas , Europa (Continente) , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Agencias Internacionales/organización & administración , Cooperación Internacional , Publicaciones/historia , Red Social , Sociedades Científicas/organización & administración
18.
Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos ; 27(suppl 1): 123-144, 2020 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997060

RESUMEN

Tracing the pathways of cooperation in health in sub-Saharan Africa from hesitant exchanges to institutionalized dimensions from the 1920s to the early 1960s, this article addresses regional dynamics in health diplomacy which have so far been under-researched. The evolution thereof from early beginnings with the League of Nations Health Organization to the Commission for Technical Assistance South of the Sahara and the World Health Organization's Regional Office for Africa, shows how bilateral dimensions were superseded by WHO's multilateral model of regional cooperation in health. Alignments, divergences, and outcomes are explored with respect to the strategies and policies pursued by colonial powers and independent African states regarding inter-regional relations, and their implications for public health and epidemiological interventions.


Asunto(s)
Congresos como Asunto/historia , Diplomacia/historia , Cooperación Internacional/historia , Administración en Salud Pública/historia , África del Sur del Sahara , Colonialismo/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Organización Mundial de la Salud/historia
19.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 27(supl.1): 123-144, Sept. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134095

RESUMEN

Abstract Tracing the pathways of cooperation in health in sub-Saharan Africa from hesitant exchanges to institutionalized dimensions from the 1920s to the early 1960s, this article addresses regional dynamics in health diplomacy which have so far been under-researched. The evolution thereof from early beginnings with the League of Nations Health Organization to the Commission for Technical Assistance South of the Sahara and the World Health Organization's Regional Office for Africa, shows how bilateral dimensions were superseded by WHO's multilateral model of regional cooperation in health. Alignments, divergences, and outcomes are explored with respect to the strategies and policies pursued by colonial powers and independent African states regarding inter-regional relations, and their implications for public health and epidemiological interventions.


Resumo Trilhando os caminhos da cooperação sanitária na África subsaariana, de intercâmbios incertos a dimensões institucionalizadas dos anos 1920 até início dos anos 1960, este artigo aborda a dinâmica regional na diplomacia sanitária que, até o momento, carece de pesquisas. A evolução, desde os primórdios da Organização da Saúde da Liga das Nações até a Cooperação Técnica na África Subsaariana e o Escritório Regional da África da OMS, demonstra como dimensões bilaterais foram substituídas pelo modelo multilateral da OMS de cooperação sanitária regional. São analisados alinhamentos, divergências e resultados de estratégias e políticas empregados por potências coloniais e Estados africanos independentes em relações inter-regionais, bem como suas implicações em intervenções epidemiológicas e de saúde pública.


Asunto(s)
Historia del Siglo XX , Administración en Salud Pública/historia , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Diplomacia/historia , Cooperación Internacional/historia , Organización Mundial de la Salud/historia , África del Sur del Sahara , Colonialismo/historia
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