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1.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(4): 1713-1718, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33484357

RESUMEN

This paper chronicles the third decade of MASCC from 2010. There was a generational change in this decade, building on the solid foundation of the founders. It included the first female President, and a new Executive Director with a background in strategy and business development and operations as applied to healthcare. The headquarters moved from Copenhagen to Toronto. The first meeting to be held outside of Europe or North America was held in Adelaide, Australia, and the membership in the Asia Pacific region expanded. A program of international affiliates saw national supportive care organisations formally link with MASCC. In cancer supportive care, there was a raft of new toxicities to manage as immunotherapies were added to conventional cytotoxic treatment. There was also a greater emphasis on the psychosocial needs of patients and families. New MASCC groups were formed to respond to this evolution in cancer management. The MASCC journal, Supportive Care in Cancer, continued to grow in impact, and MASCC published two editions of a textbook of supportive care and survivorship. The decade ended with the challenge of the COVID-19 pandemic, but that served to highlight the importance of good supportive care to patients with cancer.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias/terapia , Cuidados Paliativos/historia , Cuidados Paliativos/tendencias , Sociedades Médicas/historia , /epidemiología , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Congresos como Asunto/tendencias , Consejo Directivo/historia , Consejo Directivo/tendencias , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Agencias Internacionales/historia , Agencias Internacionales/organización & administración , Agencias Internacionales/normas , Agencias Internacionales/tendencias , Cooperación Internacional/historia , Neoplasias/historia , Cuidados Paliativos/organización & administración , Pandemias , Publicaciones/historia , Publicaciones/tendencias , Sociedades Médicas/organización & administración , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Sociedades Médicas/tendencias
2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(12): 4723-4735, Dec. 2020. tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Coleciona SUS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1142730

RESUMEN

Resumo Este artigo atualiza o texto anterior do autor principal publicado em 2000, revisitando as evidências científicas que reafirmam a contribuição da saúde para a qualidade de vida de indivíduos e populações. Mais do que o acesso a serviços de saúde de qualidade, é necessário enfrentar os determinantes da saúde em toda a sua amplitude, o que requer políticas públicas saudáveis, uma efetiva articulação intersetorial do poder público e a mobilização da população. Os autores revisitam a emergência e o desenvolvimento da promoção da saúde, centrando sua análise nas estratégias mais promissoras para o incremento da qualidade de vida propostas pelo setor saúde, sobretudo em formações sociais com alta desigualdade sociosanitária, como é o caso do Brasil, reforçada pela recente pandemia de COVID-19. É no movimento dos municípios saudáveis e em ações intersetoriais, na saúde em todas as políticas e no enfrentamentos dos determinantes sociais da saúde que tais estratégias se concretizam, através de seus próprios fundamentos e práticas, que estão estreitamente relacionados com as inovações na gestão pública para o desenvolvimento local integrado e sustentável, "vis a vis" a nova Agenda 2030 e seus Objetivos do Desenvolvimento Sustentável (ODS).


Abstract This article updates the previous text of the main author published in 2000, revisiting the scientific evidence that reaffirms the contribution of health to the quality of life of individuals and populations. More than the access to health services of any quality, it is necessary to face determinants of health in its entirety, which requires healthy public policies, an effective intersectoral articulation of public power and mobilization of the population. The authors revisit the emergence and development of health promotion, focusing on the analysis of the most promising health strategies for the increase in quality of life, especially in societies with high social and health inequalities, as in the case of Brazil, reinforced by the recent pandemic of COVID-19. Such strategies were concretized on healthy municipalities and intersectoral actions, in health and in all policies which confront social determinants, through their own foundations and practices that are closely related to innovations in public management for integrated and sustainable local development, in view of the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Objectives (SDG).


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Historia del Siglo XXI , Calidad de Vida , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Promoción de la Salud/historia , Política Pública , Factores Socioeconómicos , Brasil , Salud Pública , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Programas Gente Sana , Disparidades en el Estado de Salud , Disparidades en Atención de Salud , Pandemias , Determinantes Sociales de la Salud , Betacoronavirus , Desarrollo Sostenible
4.
J World Fed Orthod ; 9(3S): S3-S14, 2020 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023729

RESUMEN

The idea of a global orthodontic organization, the World Federation of Orthodontists (WFO), made up of national and regional orthodontic organizations, was realized in 1995 in San Francisco at the 4th International Orthodontic Congress that was held in conjunction with the 95th annual American Association of Orthodontists meeting. This umbrella organization strives to promote quality orthodontic care, practiced and delivered by orthodontic specialists in all parts of the world. In addition, it supports its member organizations with governing principles that promote appropriate membership criteria, qualified individual leadership participation, and long-term stability of the organization over time. In response to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 pandemic, the WFO has responded proactively and plans to augment its digital resources even further in the near future. This article describes the formation of the organization, the idea that germinated through the first three international orthodontic congresses, its workflow and membership criteria, the accountability and commitment it has toward its affiliates and individual members, and its plans for future years to come.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Ortodoncia/historia , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Sociedades Odontológicas/historia , Betacoronavirus , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Cooperación Internacional/historia , Objetivos Organizacionales , Pandemias
5.
Can Bull Med Hist ; 37(2): 395-426, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32822552

RESUMEN

The Association des médecins de langue française d'Amérique du Nord (AMLFAN) was founded in Québec at the turn of the twentieth century. The physicians who convened at the Association between 1902 and 1910 shared a concern for the degeneration of the French-Canadian "race" under the effects of alcoholism, tuberculosis, and syphilis. For hygienists such as Arthur Rousseau and Charles-Narcisse Valin, this state of degeneration called for hygienic measures that would help regenerate and improve the French-Canadian race. While their suggestion that marriages be matched scientifically in order to prevent the transmission of hereditary and acquired defects from parent to offspring may be reminiscent of eugenics, French-Canadian physicians seemed to have no knowledge of Sir Francis Galton - eugenics' "founding father" - and his work on the topic. This article compares French-Canadian eugenic discourses with Galtonian eugenics in order to shed light on the particularities of the French-Canadian case.


Asunto(s)
Eugenesia/historia , Higiene/historia , Sociedades Médicas/historia , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Femenino , Estado de Salud , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Masculino , Quebec
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 689-705, June 2020. graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098308

RESUMEN

Realizamos una reseña histórica de los Congresos de Anatomía del Cono Sur. A inicios del año 1999, se estableció un acuerdo entre la "Sociedad Chilena de Anatomía" y la "Asociación Rioplatense de Anatomía" para realizar -de manera conjunta- los congresos científicos de ambas sociedades. Unos meses después, también a propuesta de los Dres. Mariano del Sol y Ricardo Losardo, se solicitó que se realizara una nueva entidad a la cual denominaron inicialmente "Congreso de Anatomistas del Cono Sur", cuya finalidad sería reunir no solamente a los anatomistas argentinos, uruguayos y chilenos, sino también incorporar a los morfólogos de otros países de América del Sur, entre los cuales estaban los brasileños y los paraguayos. De esta manera, se inició la realización conjunta de los tres congresos (Chileno, Rioplatense y del Cono Sur) con una masiva participación de los morfólogos de numerosos países de nuestro continente. Los "Congresos de Anatomía del Cono Sur" (llamados así desde el II Congreso realizado en Chile) se han realizado normalmente cada año, muchas veces de manera conjunta con los Congresos Argentinos, Chilenos, Brasileños y Panamericanos de Anatomía, entre otros eventos. Al cumplirse 21 años del inicio de esta fructífera y beneficiosa unión científica quisimos plasmar en este artículo los orígenes de estos Congresos de Anatomía del Cono Sur, como también los motivos que llevaron a su creación. Asimismo, se enumeraron los encuentros realizados en los primeros 21 años (1999-2019), señalando sus fechas, sedes y presidentes.


We make a historical review of the Congresses of Anatomy of the Southern Cone. At the beginning of the year 1999, an agreement was established between the «Sociedad Chilena de Anatomía¼ and the «Asociación Rioplatense se Anatomía¼ to jointly conduct the scientific congresses of both societies. A few months later, also at the proposal of Drs. Mariano del Sol and Ricardo Losardo, a new entity was requested to be called initially "Congress of Anatomists of the Southern Cone", whose purpose would be to gather not only Argentine, Uruguayan and Chilean anatomists, but also incorporate morphologists from other countries in South America, including Brazilians and Paraguayans. In this way, the joint realization of the three congresses (Chilean, Rioplatense and the Southern Cone) began with a massive participation of the morphologists of numerous countries of our continent. The "Congresses of Anatomy of the Southern Cone" (so called since the II Congress held in Chile) have normally been held every year, often jointly with the Argentine, Chilean, Brazilian and Pan American Congresses of Anatomy, among other events. Upon the 21st anniversary of the beginning of this fruitful and beneficial scientific union we wanted to capture in this article the origins of these Congresses of Anatomy of the Southern Cone, as well as the reasons that led to its creation. Likewise, the meetings held in the first 21 years (1999-2019) were listed, indicating their dates, headquarters and presidents.


Asunto(s)
Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Anatomía/historia , América Latina
7.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(4): 1197-1204, abr. 2020. graf
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089520

RESUMEN

Resumo Ao longo século XX, as profundas alterações que ocorreram na Medicina apenas podem ser completamente esclarecidas se forem observadas numa perspectiva histórica, pois elas sempre ocorreram em resposta a influências externas, umas científicas e tecnológicas, outras de ordem social. A moderna Medicina Familiar é uma das muitas disciplinas novas que se desenvolveram durante o curso da história da Medicina e aqui debatemos de forma crítica, os últimos 40 anos dos cuidados primários em saúde em Portugal, começando em 1971, mesmo antes da Declaração de Alma-Ata (1978). Ao longo do percurso, em 2005, surge a Reforma dos Cuidados Primários em Saúde em Portugal e as novas unidades de saúde familiar, que até setembro de 2019 atendiam cerca de 94% dos cidadãos portugueses, ou seja, mais de nove milhões e meio de pessoas. No final dessa trajetória, de forma solidária e voluntária, esta Reforma serviu de inspiração para outra, no Brasil, na cidade do Rio de Janeiro, em 2009. Por fim, apresentamos os desafios apontados na Declaração de Astana de 2018, dentre elas, a questão da força de trabalho nos cuidados de saúde primários, como fator essencial para o desempenho e a sustentabilidade dos sistemas de saúde.


Abstract Throughout the twentieth century, the profound changes that have taken place in Medicine can only be wholly explained if observed from a historical perspective, for they have always occurred in response to external influences, some scientific and technological, others of a social nature. Modern Family Medicine is one of the many new disciplines that have developed during medical history, and we critically discuss the last 40 years of primary health care in Portugal, which started in 1971, long before the Alma-Ata Declaration (1978). Along the way, in 2005, the Primary Health Care Reform emerges in Portugal, along with the new family health facilities, which until September 2019, attended about 94 % of Portuguese citizens, i.e., 9,5 million people. At the end of this course, in solidarity and voluntarily, this Reform inspired another one in Brazil, in Rio de Janeiro, in 2009. Finally, we present the challenges pointed out in the 2018 Astana Declaration, among them, the issue of the workforce in primary health care as an essential factor for the performance and sustainability of health systems.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Atención Primaria de Salud/historia , Reforma de la Atención de Salud/historia , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria/historia , Portugal , Atención Primaria de Salud/organización & administración , Especialización/historia , Brasil , Salud Global , Kazajstán , Reforma de la Atención de Salud/organización & administración , Centros Comunitarios de Salud/historia , Centros Comunitarios de Salud/legislación & jurisprudencia , Centros Comunitarios de Salud/organización & administración , Congresos como Asunto/organización & administración , Academias e Institutos/historia , Academias e Institutos/organización & administración , Europa (Continente) , Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria/organización & administración , Programas Nacionales de Salud/historia , Programas Nacionales de Salud/legislación & jurisprudencia , Programas Nacionales de Salud/organización & administración
10.
J Med Libr Assoc ; 108(1): 137-142, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897066

RESUMEN

Erich Meyerhoff was an academic health sciences librarian and a distinguished member of the Medical Library Association when he was invited to present the Janet Doe Lecture in 1977. His lecture on the state of the association is considered one of the finest Doe lectures and is still relevant more than forty years later, not only from an historical perspective, but also for his projections for the future and his prescient comments about the future of hospital librarianship and the important role of women in the association. Key 1977 Doe lecture topics are reviewed and updated in the context of the current health sciences library environment.


Asunto(s)
Congresos como Asunto/historia , Bibliotecólogos/historia , Bibliotecas Médicas/historia , Asociaciones de Bibliotecas/historia , Bibliotecología/historia , Adulto , Femenino , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estados Unidos
11.
Hormones (Athens) ; 19(1): 3-7, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364024

RESUMEN

The recent celebration of the 50 years of the ETA closely coincided with that of the 200 years since the discovery and description of selenium, an essential trace element for normal thyroid gland function and thus an adjuvant in the treatment of thyroid diseases. The aim of this commentary is to briefly outline the half centennial of the ETA while also signaling important moments in the history of selenium, developments in its availability round the world, details of its connection with thyroid function and, finally, its current and projected modes of application.


Asunto(s)
Selenio/historia , Glándula Tiroides/metabolismo , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Grecia , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Selenio/análisis , Selenio/metabolismo , Sociedades/historia , Glándula Tiroides/química
14.
J Anesth Hist ; 5(4): 141-144, 2019 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31735279

RESUMEN

The second annual meeting of any organization is almost as critical as the first. A second meeting begins to assure the viability and importance of the organization. After the very successful first meeting of the Anesthetists' Travel Club in Rochester, Minnesota, in December of 1929, Ralph Waters (1883-1979) was charged with hosting the 1930 meeting at the University of Wisconsin in Madison. The meeting was held Thursday December 18th through Saturday December 20th. Dr. Waters started the meeting at 8:00 am with a tour of the operating rooms of the Wisconsin General Hospital. Lunch followed at the Memorial Union with the afternoon split between experimental surgery, and the anatomy, and physiology laboratories. There was an early dinner before the group took in the basketball game between the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Wisconsin. Friday's meeting was very similar; starting in the operating rooms at 8:00 am followed by a Union Club lunch. The afternoon was spent in the Pharmacology laboratory with a 4:00 pm lecture entitled "Demonstration Clinical Effects of Barbiturates in Neuropsychiatry". Dinner was held at the University Club. Saturday's program followed the same lines, but with an afternoon tea and a dinner at the Waters' home. In February1931, almost a year to the date from his first note, Waters wrote to those who had attended the meeting. He followed up on the clinical cases the group had seen, and commented upon the Guedel-Waters balloons for endotracheal tubes and the spinal he had performed. He even commented upon the use of cyclopropane in obstetrics. Thus, the Anesthetists' Travel Club meeting in 1930 successfully concluded.


Asunto(s)
Anestesiología/historia , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Sociedades Médicas/historia , Congresos como Asunto/organización & administración , Historia del Siglo XX , Estados Unidos , Wisconsin
15.
ChemMedChem ; 14(21): 1873-1877, 2019 11 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539201

RESUMEN

Chemistry on stage: The Frank Warren Organic Chemistry Conference is the specialist organic chemistry conference of the South African Chemical Institute (SACI), covering all branches of organic chemistry. The 15th edition of this conference was held July 7-11, 2019, in the shadow of the iconic Amphitheatre, which forms part of the uKhahlamba Drakensberg Park World Heritage Site.


Asunto(s)
Productos Biológicos/química , Compuestos Orgánicos/química , Productos Biológicos/síntesis química , Química Farmacéutica , Biología Computacional , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Descubrimiento de Drogas , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Sustancias Macromoleculares/síntesis química , Sustancias Macromoleculares/química , Compuestos Orgánicos/síntesis química
17.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(3): 801-808, 2019 Jun 07.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269149

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: to recount the story of the Simpósio Nacional de Diagnóstico de Enfermagem (National Nursing Diagnosis Symposium), from 1991 to 2018, describing the official themes and main recommendations; and reflect on the construction, in this process, of a specific field of knowledge for Nursing. RESULTS: the manuscript became a historical study, using official documents resulting from the thirteen Symposiums conducted in the period from 1991 to 2018 as the primary source of empirical data. The outcomes were divided into two stages, from 1991 to 1992, when the event was linked to Interest Groups in Nursing Diagnosis; and from 1996 to 2018, when ABEn Nacional took over the organization and execution of the event. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: the socialization and exchange of knowledge about systematization of care, Nursing Process and nursing terminologies, themes focused on SINADEn, contributed decisively to the construction of a fruitful field of knowledge for Nursing.


Asunto(s)
Congresos como Asunto/historia , Diagnóstico de Enfermería/clasificación , Brasil , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Diagnóstico de Enfermería/tendencias
18.
J Reprod Immunol ; 133: 30-36, 2019 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176084

RESUMEN

The 11th workshop on Immunology of preeclampsia in Reunion 2018 celebrated its 20th candle In this paper we try to summarize the main tracks of reflections during these two decades. First, of course, the advances in immunology of reproduction in the field of preeclampsia, which was poorly developed 2 decades ago when we first started in 1998. But, this workshop has not been dedicated only to immunology. Second, one of the main reflections has always been, workshop after workshop: "why does preeclampsia exists in humans?" in an evolutionary view, as we have no established natural animal models in the other some 4500 other mammal species. Third, besides the reflections on the biological plausibility of preeclampsia-disease-of-first-pregnancies-at-a-level-of-a-couple (primipaternity rather than primigravidity), i.e. immunology, paternal-maternal conflict, we had to face an apparent conundrum: the human species should have disappeared (almost 40-50% incidence of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in couples conceiving within the first 4 months of sexual cohabitation). We report then the dialogues we were obliged to have with zoologists who themselves had no clues on our apparent "extravagant sexuality" and strange reproduction (ridiculous low fertility rate of the human female: 25%). Fourth, debates on the main difference between early onset ("rather immunological") and late onset PE ("rather maternal vascular predispositions"). Further, the debate of why high income countries report 90% of their PE being LOP, while other countries describe epidemiologically very high incidences of EOP. Finally, and always present at all workshops, the physiopathology of the reversible systemic maternal vascular inflammation.


Asunto(s)
Susceptibilidad a Enfermedades/inmunología , Carga Global de Enfermedades/tendencias , Preeclampsia/epidemiología , Aniversarios y Eventos Especiales , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Implantación del Embrión , Femenino , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Tolerancia Inmunológica , Incidencia , Preeclampsia/inmunología , Embarazo , Reproducción/inmunología , Reunión
19.
20.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(3): 801-808, May.-Jun. 2019. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1013557

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT Objective: to recount the story of the Simpósio Nacional de Diagnóstico de Enfermagem (National Nursing Diagnosis Symposium), from 1991 to 2018, describing the official themes and main recommendations; and reflect on the construction, in this process, of a specific field of knowledge for Nursing. Results: the manuscript became a historical study, using official documents resulting from the thirteen Symposiums conducted in the period from 1991 to 2018 as the primary source of empirical data. The outcomes were divided into two stages, from 1991 to 1992, when the event was linked to Interest Groups in Nursing Diagnosis; and from 1996 to 2018, when ABEn Nacional took over the organization and execution of the event. Final considerations: the socialization and exchange of knowledge about systematization of care, Nursing Process and nursing terminologies, themes focused on SINADEn, contributed decisively to the construction of a fruitful field of knowledge for Nursing.


RESUMEN Objetivo: rescatar la historia del Simpósio Nacional de Diagnóstico de Enfermagem (Simposio Nacional de Diagnóstico de Enfermería), de 1991 a 2018, describiendo las temáticas oficiales y principales recomendaciones; y reflexionar sobre la construcción, en ese proceso, de un campo específico de conocimiento para la Enfermería. Resultados: el manuscrito asumió el carácter de un estudio histórico, utilizando documentos oficiales resultantes de los trece Simposios realizados en el período de 1991 a 2018 como fuente primaria de datos empíricos. Los resultados fueron divididos en dos etapas, de 1991 a 1992, cuando el evento estuvo vinculado a Grupos de Interés en Diagnóstico de Enfermería; y de 1996 a 2018, cuando la ABEn Nacional asumió la organización y ejecución del evento. Consideraciones finales: la socialización e intercambio del conocimiento sobre sistematización de la asistencia, Proceso de Enfermería y terminologías de enfermería, temas focalizados en los SINADEn, han contribuido decisivamente a la construcción de un fecundo campo de conocimiento para la Enfermería.


RESUMO Objetivo: resgatar a história do Simpósio Nacional de Diagnóstico de Enfermagem, de 1991 a 2018, descrevendo as temáticas oficiais e principais recomendações; e refletir sobre a construção, nesse processo, de um campo específico de conhecimento para a Enfermagem. Resultados: o manuscrito assumiu o caráter de um estudo histórico, utilizando-se documentos oficiais resultantes dos treze Simpósios realizados no período de 1991 a 2018 como fonte primária de dados empíricos. Os resultados foram divididos em duas etapas, de 1991 a 1992, quando o evento esteve vinculado a Grupos de Interesse em Diagnóstico de Enfermagem; e de 1996 a 2018, quando a ABEn Nacional assumiu a organização e execução do evento. Considerações finais: a socialização e intercâmbio do conhecimento sobre sistematização da assistência, Processo de Enfermagem e terminologias de enfermagem, temas focalizados nos SINADEn, têm contribuído decisivamente para a construção de um fecundo campo de conhecimento para a Enfermagem.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Diagnóstico de Enfermería/clasificación , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Diagnóstico de Enfermería/tendencias , Brasil
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