Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 119.009
Filtrar
1.
Sci Total Environ ; 751: 141709, 2021 Jan 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889461

RESUMEN

Inappropriate handling of pesticides in agriculture poses a major risk to the environment and human health, but factors affecting farmers' behavior are diverse and often unclear. The present study examined farmers' behavior in safe pesticide use (disposal of spray solution leftovers, places for washing sprayers, disposal of rinsates, and use of personal protective equipment) in Ardabil Province, Iran by applying the well-known theory of planned behavior, which states that attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control of individuals shape intention and engagement in a specific behavior. Almost 30% of the farmers threw pesticide spray solution leftovers away, while the remaining farmers kept it for next spraying. Concerning place for washing sprayers, 55.3% of the farmers washed sprayers in their home yard, 21.0% washed them in the river or the canal flow, and 14.7% washed them in the water source of the farm. Just less than two-thirds (64.3%) of the farmers said that they leave the rinsates onto the farm, while almost one-third (34.0%) said that they pour the rinsates into the river or the canal flow. Most farmers used trousers and blouse and to a lesser extent mask, gloves, and hat when handling pesticides. Attitudes towards safe pesticide use showed the highest mean score (2.91), illustrating neutral to relatively negative attitudes of farmers towards safe pesticide use. Intention showed the lowest mean score (2.28), indicating poor motive to use pesticides safely. Attitudes showed positive impact, while perceived behavioral control showed negative impact on intention. Subjective norms had no significant impact on intention. These three constructs totally explained 78.1% of the variance in farmers' intention towards safe pesticide use. Improving attitudes and perceived behavioral control of farmers towards safe pesticide use through extension education should be targeted for improving farmers' intention and behavior towards safe pesticide handling.


Asunto(s)
Exposición Profesional , Plaguicidas , Agricultura , Agricultores , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Irán
2.
Ig Sanita Pubbl ; 76(3): 159-172, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142308

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The pandemic situation the world is facing caused by the new SARS-Cov-2 continues to evolve and still represent a real problem. With more than eight thousand reported cases infection, Cameroon stands as the seventh most affected country in Africa. Prevention remains the best way to fight against this zoonosis. However, the limited information available about this infection is a great barrier to stopping the propagation of the virus within the population, especially in rural and semi-rural areas, where the lack of financial and material resources is a reality. This study aimed to assessing Awareness and attitudes of the population of the Menoua Division on COVID-19 infection. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from March 9 to April 15 2020 amongst the populations of rural and semi-rural areas of the Menoua Division. Data were collected using a questionnaire administered face to face to each participant. The analysis was carried out using the Statistical Analysis System software (SAS version 9.4). The significance threshold was set at a P value of less than 0.05. RESULTS: A total of 434 participants of which male majority (sex ratio 1.07) were included in this study. The most represented age group was [21 - 40] years old representing 40.29% of the participants. Approximately all participants (98.57%) were aware of the world emergency state due to Coronavirus. 75.56%, 91% and 90.93% of the participants knew respectively that having close contacts, kissing and touching the face with the hands could favor the transmission of the virus. However, nearly 91.14% were not aware of the clinical symptoms of the disease. Moreover, 85.02% responded that they would not be able to comply with the confinement measures if they were applied at national level. The level of awareness varied significantly according to the occupation (p=0.038) and the educational level (p<0.001)of the participants. CONCLUSION: The average level of awareness of the population of the Menoua Division on COVID-19 infection was relatively low. Overcoming this pandemic disease means ensuring the flow of the correct information towards the population. Community outreach activities focus on clinical manifestations and what to do in case of COVID-19 infection as well as material and financial support should be help the population to protect themselves effectively against pandemic, particularly in rural areas and surrounding.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Camerún/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Población Rural , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
3.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 44(4): 211-220, 2020 Aug 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167013

RESUMEN

AIM: The rapid and extensive spread of CoViD -19 pandemic has become a major source of concern for healthcare system including pediatric dentists. The aim of the present study was to assess the awareness, perception and attitude regarding CoViD - 19 and infection control among Indian pediatric dentists. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 1009 Indian Pediatric dentists completed questionnaire based survey on the awareness, perception and attitude regarding CoViD - 19 infection and its control. Descriptive statistics have been used in the study to analyze the findings. Mean and standard deviation and proportion have been used to estimate the results of the study. RESULTS: 65.75% Indian pediatric dentists had answered questions regarding CoViD - 19 infection correctly. The present survey found a positive perception among Indian pediatric dentist regarding CoViD - 19 and infection control. However the attitude among Pediatric dentist regarding the same was not encouraging. CONCLUSION: As the global threat of CoViD-19 continues to emerge, it is critical to improve the awareness, perceptions and attitude of pediatric dentists. Educational interventions are urgently needed to reach pediatric dentists beyond borders, and further studies are warranted.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Betacoronavirus , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Odontólogos , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Control de Infecciones , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
4.
Ann Acad Med Singap ; 49(8): 543-552, 2020 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164024

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: To assess the level of anxiety and knowledge regarding COVID-19 amongst antenatal women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in the antenatal clinics of KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore, from 31 March to 25 April 2020 to assess pregnant women's knowledge of COVID-19, their perceptions of its impact upon pregnancy and psychological impact using the validated Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales (DASS-21). RESULTS: Of the 324 women who participated in the study, the mean age was 31.8 years (range, 20-45). The majority (53.7%) were multiparous with mean gestational age of 23.4 weeks (SD 10). The commonest sources of information were Internet-based social media platforms. A significant proportion were unaware, or associated COVID-19 infection during pregnancy with fetal distress (82.1%), intrauterine death (71.3%), fetal anomalies (69.8%), miscarriages (64.8%), preterm labour (67.9%) and rupture of membranes (61.4%). A total of 116 (35.8%) women screened positive for anxiety, 59 (18.2%) for depression, and 36 (11.1%) for stress. There was a significant association between household size and stress scores [B = 0.0454 (95% CI, 0.0035-0.0873)]. Women who associated COVID-19 infection with fetal anomalies and intrauterine fetal death had significantly higher anxiety scores [B = -0.395 (95% CI, -0.660 to -0.130) and B = -0.291 (95% CI, -0.562 to -0.021) respectively]. CONCLUSION: Our study highlights that a lack of timely and reliable information on the impact of COVID-19 on pregnancy and its outcomes results in increased levels of depression, anxiety and stress. The healthcare provider must address these issues urgently by providing evidence-based information using Internet-based resources and psychological support.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/complicaciones , Emociones , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Neumonía Viral/complicaciones , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo/virología , Mujeres Embarazadas/psicología , Adulto , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Embarazo , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo/prevención & control , Singapur , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
5.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 675, 2020 Nov 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167918

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 may predispose pregnant women to higher risks of severe disease and poorer neonatal outcome. Psychological sequalae of this pandemic may pose a greater conundrum than its clinical aspects. It is currently unknown that how pregnant women cope with this global pandemic and its ramifications. The aims of the study are to understand the attitudes and precaution practices of non-infected pregnant women towards the COVID-19 outbreak in Singapore. METHODS: An online cross-sectional survey of COVID-19 awareness among pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in Singapore was conducted. An internet link was provided to complete an online electronic survey on Google platform using a quick response (QR) code on mobile devices. The online survey consists of 34 questions that were categorized into 4 main sections, namely 1) social demographics 2) attitude on safe distancing measures 3) precaution practices and 4) perceptions of COVID-19. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to examine women's precaution practices among six independent socio-demographic variables, including age, ethnicity, education, front-line jobs, history of miscarriage and type of antenatal clinic (general, high risk). RESULTS: A total of 167 survey responses were obtained over 8 weeks from April to June 2020. The majority of women were aged ≤35 years (76%, n = 127), were of Chinese ethnicity (55%, n = 91), attained tertiary education (62%, n = 104) and were not working as frontline staff (70%). Using multiple linear regression models, Malay ethnicity (vs. Chinese, ß 0.24; 95% CI 0.04, 0.44) was associated with higher frequency of practicing social distancing. Malay women (ß 0.48; 95% CI 0.16, 0.80) and those who worked as frontline staff (ß 0.28; 95% CI 0.01, 0.56) sanitized their hands at higher frequencies. Age of ≥36 years (vs. ≤30 years, ß 0.24; 95% CI 0.01, 0.46), Malay (vs. Chinese, ß 0.27; 95% CI 0.06, 0.48) and Indian ethnicity (vs. Chinese, ß 0.41; 95% CI 0.02, 0.80), and attendance at high-risk clinic (vs. general clinic, ß 0.20; 95% CI 0.01, 0.39) were associated with higher frequency of staying-at-home. CONCLUSION: Social demographical factors including age > 36 years old, Malay ethnicity, employment in front line jobs and attendance at high-risk clinics are likely to influence the attitudes and precaution practices among pregnant women towards COVID-19 in Singapore. Knowledge gained from our cross-sectional online survey can better guide clinicians to communicate better with pregnant women. Hence, it is important for clinicians to render appropriate counselling and focused clarification on the effect of COVID-19 among pregnant women for psychological support and mental well being.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo/psicología , Mujeres Embarazadas/psicología , Adulto , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Humanos , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Embarazo , Complicaciones Infecciosas del Embarazo/prevención & control , Singapur
6.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 814, 2020 Nov 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167885

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Anthrax is the second most highly prioritized zoonotic disease in Ethiopia due to its negative impact at the household level, causing disease and production losses in livestock and severe disease in humans. This study seeks to assess the knowledge of, attitudes towards, and practices addressing (KAPs) anthrax in the communities of Eastern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted concurrently with focus group discussions (FGDs) and key informant interviews (KIIs) between May 2019 and April 2020. A total of 862 respondents participated in the questionnaire survey. Of these, 800 were local community members while 62 were professionals working at health service institutions. In addition, qualitative data were collected using six FGDs and 11 KIIs. RESULTS: Sixty-two percent (496/800) of the community respondents said that they were aware of anthrax while 38% (304/800) of them did not. Only 9.3% (74/800) of the respondents reported that the causative agent of anthrax is germs/microbial. About 56.5% (35/62) of professional respondents said that it is bacterial. More than 60% (64.1%, 513/800) of the respondents did not know that whether the disease was zoonotic or not. Regarding clinical signs, 26.3 (210/800) and 36.8% (294/800) of the respondents could identify at least one in animals and humans, respectively, while 21.3 (170/800) and 20.1% (161/800) knew one or more transmission routes in animals and humans, respectively. Moreover, 43.4% (347/800) and 45.6% (365/800) of the respondents mentioned one or more control/prevention method(s) in animals and humans, respectively. Regarding qualitative results, some of the participants knew the disease (in animals) by their local names: Lalish and Tafia (splenomegaly), and Gulbus (abdominal cramps and shivering). Some reported that anthrax was exclusively a human disease while others recognized its zoonotic potential after the clinical signs in both animals and humans were listed. CONCLUSION: The KAP of the participants regarding anthrax was low. There was no consistent understanding of the disease among the participants. The study also revealed that the participants did not receive consistent, adequate, and continuous education regarding the disease.


Asunto(s)
Carbunco/psicología , Concienciación , Bacillus anthracis , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Zoonosis/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Animales , Carbunco/epidemiología , Carbunco/microbiología , Estudios Transversales , Etiopía/epidemiología , Composición Familiar , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Personal de Salud , Humanos , Ganado , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven , Zoonosis/epidemiología
7.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 14(10): 1090-1097, 2020 Oct 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175701

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The emergence of the new Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused a major impact on global health system. This cross-sectional study was designed to appraise the knowledge and attitude of healthcare workers towards COVID-19 and find out their understanding about clinical aspects of the infection. METHODOLOGY: A total number of 1023 of healthcare workers responded to an online questionnaire and provided their data between February and March, 2020 in Jeddah city, Western province, Saudi Arabia. The questionnaire was distributed to physicians, nurses, pharmacists, technical staff and administrative staff working in clinical settings. RESULTS: Results revealed that mean scores for knowledge and attitude were 20.793 ± 2.436 and 4.744 ± 0.297 respectively. More than 88% of participants displayed positive knowledge and attitude towards COVID-19. Knowledge data showed that social media and the workplace, were the main sources of information for the majority of respondents. Approximately 99.12% of respondents were aware of the viral pandemic, and the causative agent. Statistically significant association was found when compared the demographic characteristics with the mean knowledge while no statistical significance was observed when compared demographic characteristics with the mean attitude score except with marital status. CONCLUSION: This study showed that healthcare workers had sufficient knowledge and positive attitude towards COVID-19. However, hospital staff should be periodically given sufficient training to effectively cope with such outbreaks in the future.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Personal de Salud , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Adulto , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Betacoronavirus , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Arabia Saudita , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
8.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 14(10): 1117-1124, 2020 Oct 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175705

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: With the increase in the incidence rate of COVID-19, healthcare professionals (HCPs) being at the frontline of the outbreak response are at higher risk of getting exposure and suffering from the infection. The present study aimed to evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and precautionary practices of HCPs towards COVID-19. METHODOLOGY: The current study was a descriptive, cross-sectional, online study directed to the HCPs working in a metropolitan city of Karachi, during February 2020 and March 2020 using a self-administered questionnaire. A systematic random sampling approach was adopted. RESULTS: A total of 286 completed surveys were incorporated in the investigation with a response rate of 74.28%. The median (interquartile range, IQR) knowledge score was 18.79 (17.64-19.57). Physicians were found to be more knowledgeable (OR: 1.32, 95% CI: 0.17-4.26, p = 0.003) as compared to other HCPs. Similarly, the HCPs working in private work settings (OR: 1.94, 95% CI: 1.54-2.79, p=0.001), having more experience (OR = 1.82; 95% CI = 1.64-2.78; p < 0.005) were found to be more well-informed than HCPs working in public sector (OR = 0.81; 95% CI = 0.63-0.72; p = 0.004). The correlation between the knowledge and attitude of respondents was found to be significantly correlated (correlation coefficient: 0.13, p < 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the study revealed that HCPs were well conversant and have an optimistic attitude towards COVID-19. Further contemplates are required to evaluate the understanding of HCPs at a national level so that viable mediations could be planned to combat this pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Personal de Salud , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Control de Infecciones , Masculino , Pakistán , Pandemias , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
9.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33182352

RESUMEN

The newly discovered coronavirus (COVID-19) has become a pandemic, infecting thousands of people around the world. This study examines nurses' demographic information (age, gender, marital status, area of practice, total years of experience in the current hospital, work region, monthly salary, educational level, workplace, nationality, working hours per day, total nursing experience, and the respondents' main source of information on COVID-19), awareness, attitudes, prevention, and perceptions of COVID-19 during the outbreak in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional descriptive design of 500 nurses working at government and non-governmental hospitals in five regions in Saudi Arabia were selected using convenience sampling. The Kruskal-Wallis test was applied and the Mann-Whitney test was utilized as a post hoc test. The majority of nurses in this study, 96.85%, had excellent knowledge of COVID-19. Some (83.2%) of nurses reported significant prevention knowledge and treatment skills about COVID-19, while 7.6% had little knowledge about prevention. More than half of the nurses (60.4%) had high positive attitudes toward caring for COVID-19 patients. In conclusion, female nurses, married nurses, and bachelor's degree nurses had greater awareness, better attitude, and prevention clinical experience towards COVID-19. Meanwhile, non-Saudi nurses had higher self-reported awareness, positive attitudes, optimal prevention, and positive perceptions compared to Saudi nurses. This study provides baseline information immediately needed to enable health authorities to prioritize training programs that support nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Arabia Saudita/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0241467, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151984

RESUMEN

To evaluate the pharmacist's preparedness against the COVID-19 during its rapid rise period in Pakistan, an online cross-sectional study was carried out from March 30 to May 22, 2020 among the pharmacists using a pre-validated self-administered questionnaire. A total of 1149 participants completed the survey, amongst which 430(37.9%) were working as retail pharmacists, 216 (18.8%) as community pharmacists, and 213(18.5%) as hospital pharmacists. The mean COVID-19 knowledge score of the participants was 6.77±0.5, which indicated that 84% of them had good knowledge about COVID-19. The multiple linear regression model revealed that attitude was significantly associated with gender (p = 0.001), marital status (p<0.0001) and resident (p = 0.013). The mean practice score was 2.85±0.4, showing that 94% of the participants were following adequate preventive practices against this infection. The results from this study suggest that Pharmacists demonstrated good knowledge, positive attitudes, and acceptable practices regarding COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Pandemias/prevención & control , Farmacéuticos , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Control de Infecciones , Modelos Lineales , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pakistán/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153079

RESUMEN

The need for healthcare workers (HCWs) to wear personal protective equipment (PPE) during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic heightens their risk of thermal stress. We assessed the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of HCWs from India and Singapore regarding PPE usage and heat stress when performing treatment and care activities. One hundred sixty-five HCWs from India (n = 110) and Singapore (n = 55) participated in a survey. Thirty-seven HCWs from Singapore provided thermal comfort ratings before and after ice slurry ingestion. Differences in responses between India and Singapore HCWs were compared. A p-value cut-off of 0.05 depicted statistical significance. Median wet-bulb globe temperature was higher in India (30.2 °C (interquartile range [IQR] 29.1-31.8 °C)) than in Singapore (22.0 °C (IQR 18.8-24.8 °C)) (p < 0.001). Respondents from both countries reported thirst (n = 144, 87%), excessive sweating (n = 145, 88%), exhaustion (n = 128, 78%), and desire to go to comfort zones (n = 136, 84%). In Singapore, reports of air-conditioning at worksites (n = 34, 62%), dedicated rest area availability (n = 55, 100%), and PPE removal during breaks (n = 54, 98.2%) were higher than in India (n = 27, 25%; n = 46, 42%; and n = 66, 60%, respectively) (p < 0.001). Median thermal comfort rating improved from 2 (IQR 1-2) to 0 (IQR 0-1) after ice slurry ingestion in Singapore (p < 0.001). HCWs are cognizant of the effects of heat stress but might not adopt best practices due to various constraints. Thermal stress management is better in Singapore than in India. Ice slurry ingestion is shown to be practical and effective in promoting thermal comfort. Adverse effects of heat stress on productivity and judgment of HCWs warrant further investigation.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Personal de Salud , Calor , Pandemias , Equipo de Protección Personal , Neumonía Viral , Estrés Fisiológico , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , India/epidemiología , Masculino , Singapur/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
12.
PLoS One ; 15(11): e0242126, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33156873

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 is an ongoing pandemic, for which appropriate infection prevention and control measures need to be adopted. Healthcare workers' adherence to prevention and control measures is affected by their knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19. In this study, we assessed the KAP among healthcare workers towards the COVID-19 during the ongoing pandemic. METHOD: A self-developed piloted KAP questionnaire was administered to the recruited healthcare workers involved in the COVID-19 response at the Universal College of Medical Sciences Teaching Hospital (UCMSTH), in Bhairahawa, Nepal. The knowledge questionnaire consisted of questions regarding the clinical characteristics, prevention, and management of COVID-19. Assessment on attitudes and practices towards COVID-19 included questions on behaviour and change in practices made towards COVID-19 response. Knowledge scores were calculated and compared by demographic characteristics and their attitude and practices towards COVID-19. Data were analysed using bivariate statistics. RESULTS: A total of 103 healthcare workers participated in the study. The mean age of the participants was 28.24±6.11 years (range: 20-56); 60.2% were females; 61.2% were unmarried; 60.2% had a medical degree, and 39.8% were the nursing staff. The mean knowledge score was 10.59±1.12 (range: 7-13), and it did not vary significantly when adjusted for demographic characteristics. The attitude was positive for 53.4% of the participants with a mean knowledge score of 10.35±1.19 and negative for 46.6% participants with a mean knowledge score of 10.88±0.98 (p = 0.02). The practice was good (≥3 score) for 81.5% participants with a mean knowledge score of 10.73±1.12 and poor for 18.5% participants with a mean knowledge score of 10.46±1.13 (p = 0.24). The attitude of the participants improved with increasing age (29.55±7.17, p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: There is comparably better knowledge regarding COVID-19 among healthcare workers. Appropriate practice correlates with better knowledge and positive attitude towards COVID-19 infection is seen with increasing age. Hence, training on protection and protective measures for having a positive attitude among healthcare workers is necessary against the fight with COVID-19 infection.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Personal de Salud , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Nepal , Pandemias , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Centros de Atención Terciaria , Adulto Joven
13.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(12): 649-654, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181525

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of nurses' mobility plan use on patients' length of stay, discharge destination, falls, physical therapy consults, and nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs regarding patient mobility. BACKGROUND: Functional decline due to decreased mobility during hospitalization results in diminished quality of life. Sixty-five percent of older inpatients lose the ability to ambulate during hospitalization and 30% do not regain that capability. METHODS: Using a quasi-experimental design, nurses' use of a mobility assessment on 4 patient outcome variables was examined before (n = 2,259) and after (n = 3,649) use. Nurses' attitudes, knowledge, and beliefs regarding mobility were also examined. RESULTS: Positive changes in patient variables occurred. Limited change occurred relative to nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs. CONCLUSIONS: Implementing a nurse-led mobility plan enhances therapy resource utilization through identification of appropriate consults and improves patients' discharge home. In addition, nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs toward patient mobility planning can be positively influenced.


Asunto(s)
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Servicios de Atención de Salud a Domicilio , Pacientes Internos/estadística & datos numéricos , Personal de Enfermería en Hospital/organización & administración , Caminata/estadística & datos numéricos , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Alta del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estados Unidos
14.
BMJ Open ; 10(11): e044202, 2020 11 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33191269

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: In Ethiopia, community-level knowledge about the current COVID-19 pandemic has not been well studied. This study is aimed to assess knowledge level and factors influencing the prevention of the COVID-19 pandemic among residents of Dessie and Kombolcha city administrations, Ethiopia. DESIGN: Community-based cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: Dessie and Kombolcha city administrations. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were household heads or members (n=828, >18 years) who have lived in the study area for at least 2 months preceding the survey. METHODS: Binary logistic regression was used for a single outcome and multiple response variables. In the multivariable regression model, a value of p<0.05 and adjusted OR (AOR) with 95% CI were used to identify factors associated with knowledge level of the community. Epi Info V.7.2 and SPSS V.20 software were used for data entry and analysis, respectively. OUTCOME: Knowledge level. RESULTS: A total of 828 participants was involved with a response rate of 98%. Women were 61.7%. Participants' mean (±SD) age was 39 (±14) years. Of the total participants 54.11% (95% CI 50.6% to 57.6%) had inadequate knowledge about COVID-19 prevention. Significant associations were reported among women (AOR=1.41; 95% CI 1.03 to 1.92); age ≥65 years (AOR=2.72; 95% CI 1.45 to 5.11); rural residence (AOR=2.69; 95% CI 1.78 to 4.07); unable to read and write (AOR=1.60; 95% CI 1.02 to 2.51); information not heard from healthcare workers, mass media and social media (AOR=1.95; 95% CI 1.35 to 2.82), (AOR=2.5; 95% CI 1.58 to 4.19) and (AOR=2.13; 95% CI 1.33 to 3.42), respectively, with inadequate knowledge. CONCLUSION: These findings revealed that more than 50% of participants had inadequate knowledge about COVID-19. It highlights the need for widespread awareness campaigns about COVID-19 through mass media, healthcare professionals and social media as sources of information. House-to-house awareness creation is recommended to address older adults who are more vulnerable to the pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Adolescente , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/transmisión , Estudios Transversales , Etiopía , Femenino , Humanos , Alfabetización , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neumonía Viral/transmisión , Población Rural , Factores Sexuales , Población Urbana , Adulto Joven
15.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 1718, 2020 Nov 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198693

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The lay public's behavioral responses during a virus spread, such as the COVID-19, play an important role in bringing the outbreak under control, and provide insights into development of risk communication messages to the public. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the association between knowledge about COVID-19, perceived susceptibility, emotional reactions and precautionary behavior among the Israeli lay public at the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1407 participants, aged 18 + . Participants completed measures of knowledge about COVID-19, perceived susceptibility, emotional reactions, precautionary behavior, and socio-demographic questionnaires. A hierarchical regression model was calculated with precautionary behavior as the dependent variable. RESULTS: Findings indicated that precautionary behavior was higher for females, older participants, participants with higher levels of knowledge about COVID-19, and participants with greater negative emotional reactions. A negative curvilinear relationship was found between perceived susceptibility and precautionary behavior, so that the latter was highest for participants with moderate perceived susceptibility. All interaction terms were non-significant. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that in order to enhance precautionary behavior in the initial stage of a virus outbreak, it is recommended to pay attention to the public's knowledge about the virus, perceived susceptibility and emotional reactions. Although negative feelings about the virus may motivate preventive behavior, it is important to address these feelings.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Brotes de Enfermedades , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Israel/epidemiología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
16.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e121, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146317

RESUMEN

COVID-19 is an emerging and rapidly-evolving situation. This study aimed to measure the level of knowledge and attitude of the Iranian dental students towards COVID-19 and its infection control strategies. This cross-sectional study was designed using a web-based method. The questionnaire associated with COVID-19 was sent to all Iranian students in the clinical course. The extracted data regarding the knowledge and attitude of the students were statistically analyzed. In this study, 531 dental students of the clinical course in 32 Iranian universities were included. The mean age of the participants was 23.13 ± 2.29 years. The average percentage of knowledge and attitude scores were 59.7% (moderate) and 66.0% (neutral), respectively. The association between the attitude of the students and their semesters was statistically significant (r = 0.183, p < 0.001). The age of the students was also significantly associated with their attitudes (r = 0.150, p = 0.001). The outbreak of COVID-19 might resurge due to re-opening of the dental faculties. Training courses on COVID-19 infection prevention strategies should be held for dental students, especially the junior ones, and the guidelines should be sent to all of them.


Asunto(s)
Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Estudiantes de Odontología , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Control de Infecciones , Irán/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
17.
Afr J Prim Health Care Fam Med ; 12(1): e1-e3, 2020 Nov 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33181874

RESUMEN

The 2019 corona virus disease (COVID-19) has wreaked havoc on countries, communities and households. Its effect on individuals and their families, although enormous, has not been adequately explored. We thus present a report on the illness experiences of three families in Ghana who had at least one member diagnosed with COVID-19. We interviewed them and recorded their commonest fears, such as death, stigmatisation and collapse of family business. Respondents had a fair idea about symptoms of COVID-19, mode of transmission and safety precautions. Family separation and loss of income were some of the adverse effects expressed. Majority of them were hopeful that family members with COVID-19 would recover and be reunited. The biopsychosocial impact of COVID-19 is tremendous and family physicians and other primary care workers have an essential role to play in addressing this.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Emociones , Composición Familiar , Familia , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Niño , Coronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/virología , Miedo , Femenino , Ghana/epidemiología , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Personal de Salud , Esperanza , Humanos , Renta , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Ocupaciones , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Neumonía Viral/virología , Estigma Social , Adulto Joven
18.
Biomedica ; 40(Supl. 2): 159-165, 2020 10 30.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152199

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Healthcare personnel plays an important role in the prevention of acute respiratory infections in hospital settings. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to establish the level of knowledge about respiratory virus infections and the attitudes and practices among healthcare workers, leaders of infection control committees in hospitals of Bogotá, Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a self-administered questionnaire of 28 items during the monthly meeting sponsored by the local health authority. "Yes or no" and "true or false" questions were applied to measure knowledge. Attitudes and practices were measured with a Likert-type scale according to the agreement degree. RESULTS: We surveyed 70 healthcare workers. Respondents demonstrated a good level of knowledge as 80% of them answered correctly more than five questions. A total of 54.4% showed a low degree of agreement when asked if their institutions have the policy to stay home when they are sick with respiratory symptoms and 67.1% never or rarely remain at home under such conditions. CONCLUSION: Healthcare worker leaders of infection control committees in Bogotá's ospitals have adequate knowledge about the prevention of seasonal respiratory viruses. There is a need for implementing urgent sick leave policies as a measure to prevent the spread of potential coronavirus infections in hospitals.


Asunto(s)
Planificación en Desastres , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Personal de Salud/psicología , Pandemias/prevención & control , Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio/prevención & control , Absentismo , Adulto , Colombia/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Control de Infecciones/organización & administración , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Política Organizacional , Ausencia por Enfermedad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 28(Special Issue): 1056-1061, 2020 Oct.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33219758

RESUMEN

Prevention of strokes and the fight against their consequences require not only the work of the healthcare system, but also the self-preserving behavior of the population, which is largely motivated by competence in this sphere. The study of public awareness on this issue and the development of recommendations on information policy were the main objectives of the study. In October-December 2019 two surveys were conducted in Moscow, the sample of each was 800 people. The study found an increase between the waves in the number of those who think they know the signs of a stroke (up to 65%). Despite the mainly correct answers, this self-evaluation is not always backed-up by real knowledge: e.g. a stroke was sometimes confused with an ischemic heart disease, a heart attack and epilepsy. Less competency is demonstrated by men and people with primary/secondary education, younger respondents. 94% of the respondents will call an ambulance when they see signs of a stroke, 16% will begin to provide assistance on their own, and in general their actions will be correct, although there are a number of misconceptions. Among the main risk factors of a stroke the respondents consider bad habits. The population receives information about signs of a stroke mainly from relatives/friends (25%) and on the Internet (22%). The study found necessity for the right information about strokes. There is a need for some greater presentation of peer-reviewed information materials in the information field.


Asunto(s)
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Concienciación , Humanos , Masculino , Moscú/epidemiología , Factores de Riesgo , Accidente Cerebrovascular/epidemiología , Accidente Cerebrovascular/terapia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 69(44): 1617-1621, 2020 Nov 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151923

RESUMEN

Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States (1). In 2017, on average, a stroke-related death occurred every 3 minutes and 35 seconds in the United States, and stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability (1). To prevent mortality or long-term disability, strokes require rapid recognition and early medical intervention (2,3). Common stroke signs and symptoms include sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side; sudden confusion or trouble speaking; sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes; sudden trouble walking, dizziness, or loss of balance; and a sudden severe headache with no known cause. Recommended action at the first sign of a suspected stroke is to quickly request emergency services (i.e., calling 9-1-1) (2). Public education campaigns have emphasized recognizing stroke signs and symptoms and the importance of calling 9-1-1, and stroke knowledge increased 14.7 percentage points from 2009 to 2014 (4). However, disparities in stroke awareness have been reported (4,5). Knowledge of the five signs and symptoms of stroke and the immediate need to call emergency medical services (9-1-1), collectively referred to as "recommended stroke knowledge," was assessed among 26,076 adults aged ≥20 years as part of the 2017 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). The prevalence of recommended stroke knowledge among U.S. adults was 67.5%. Stroke knowledge differed significantly by race and Hispanic origin (p<0.001). The prevalence of recommended stroke knowledge was highest among non-Hispanic White adults (71.3%), followed by non-Hispanic Black adults (64.0%) and Hispanic adults (57.8%). Stroke knowledge also differed significantly by sex, age, education, and urbanicity. After multivariable adjustment, these differences remained significant. Increasing awareness of the signs and symptoms of stroke continues to be a national priority. Estimates from this report can inform public health strategies for increasing awareness of stroke signs and symptoms.


Asunto(s)
Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Accidente Cerebrovascular/diagnóstico , Adulto , Anciano , Asesoramiento de Urgencias Médicas , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Población Rural/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores Socioeconómicos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Estados Unidos , Población Urbana/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA