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1.
Arkh Patol ; 83(3): 5-9, 2021.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822548

RESUMEN

Immunohistochemical study of breast cancer has been practiced for several decades; however, the standardization of this process has not yet been achieved, despite substantial advances in methodology. The paper presents practical guidelines and standards for testing breast carcinomas, which can be used as day-to-day control of the work of an immunohistochemistry laboratory. It considers the concept of external quality control in the immunohistochemical detection of estrogen (ER) and progesterone (PR) receptors, as well as the problems of harmonization in the immunohistochemical analysis of breast carcinomas, by using the nuclear biomarkers, such as ER and PR, as an example. The agreed standard-based external control in determining the optimal result may yield reproducible data for use in clinical practice.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama , Receptores de Progesterona , Neoplasias de la Mama/diagnóstico , Estrógenos , Humanos , Inmunohistoquímica , Control de Calidad , Receptores Estrogénicos
2.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 45(2): 194-199, 2021 Apr 08.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825381

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To understand the current situation of artificial intelligence production enterprise quality management system, so as to provide reference basis for the research and standardization of Artificial Intelligence Medical Device (AIMD) product quality management. METHODS: Based on YY/T 0287-2017 Medical Device Quality Management System for Regulatory Requirements, Medical Equipment Production and the Quality Control Standard for Independent Software Appendix and Xavier GMLP report, the relevant factors were screened and the questionnaire was designed by combining expert consultation and literature review. Then, a total of 32 representative AIMD enterprises were invited to fill in the questionnaire. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed on the data results using Excel 2016. RESULTS: Through in-depth analysis of the four themes in product planning and design, result output, product quality control and product change, it was found that it was necessary for enterprises participating in the survey to improve the quality management system of AIMD products to different degrees. CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first time to systematically investigate the status quo of quality management of AIMD enterprises. The result will be useful for the establishment and continuous improvement of product quality management system. It will also provide a reference for the research of AIMD product quality management and the establishment of the standard.


Asunto(s)
Inteligencia Artificial , Programas Informáticos , Control de Calidad , Estándares de Referencia
3.
Int J Pharm Compd ; 25(2): 115-124, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798111

RESUMEN

The United States Pharmacopeial Convention, Inc. recommends within the standards of the United States Pharmacopeia that compounding pharmacies have staff dedicated to quality assurance and quality control to ensure patients are receiving safe medications. The quality-control program must include testing. While compounding pharmacies have grown familiar with potency, sterility, and endotoxin testing, there are many more tests recommended within the United States Pharmacopeia that are critical for evaluating the quality of compounded preparations. This article discusses when a few of these tests should be utilized, how to assign acceptance criteria, and how test results are obtained.


Asunto(s)
Endotoxinas , Farmacias , Composición de Medicamentos , Humanos , Control de Calidad , Estándares de Referencia , Estados Unidos
4.
Environ Monit Assess ; 193(4): 241, 2021 Mar 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791871

RESUMEN

Stormwater runoff is a major concern in urban areas which is mostly the result of vast urbanization. To reduce urban stormwater runoff and improve water quality, low impact development (LID) is used in urban areas. Therefore, it is vital to find the optimal combination of LID controls to achieve maximum reduction in both stormwater runoff and pollutants with optimal cost. In this study, a simulation-optimization model was developed by linking the EPA Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) to the Multi-Objective Particle Swarm Optimization (MOPSO) using MATLAB. The coupled model could carry out multi-objective optimization (MOO) and find potential solutions to the optimization objectives using the SWMM simulation model outputs. The SWMM model was developed using data from the BUNUS catchment in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The total suspended solids (TSS) and total nitrogen (TN) were selected as pollutants to be used in the simulation model. Vegetated swale and rain garden were selected as LID controls for the study area. The LID controls were assigned to the model using the catchment characteristics. The target objectives were to minimize peak stormwater runoff, TSS, and TN with the minimum number of LID controls applications. The LID combination scenarios were also tested in SWMM to identify the best LID types and combination to achieve maximum reduction in both peak runoff and pollutants. This study found that the peak runoff, TSS, and TN were reduced by 13%, 38%, and 24%, respectively. The optimal number of LID controls that could be used at the BUNUS catchment area was also found to be 25.


Asunto(s)
Monitoreo del Ambiente , Lluvia , Malasia , Control de Calidad , Urbanización , Movimientos del Agua
5.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1280: 173-187, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791982

RESUMEN

Lipidomics refers to the large-scale study of pathways and networks of cellular lipids in biological systems. A lipidomic analysis often involves the identification and quantification of the thousands of cellular lipid molecular species within a complex biological sample and therefore requires a well optimized method for lipid profiling. In this chapter, the methods for lipidomic analysis, including sample collection and preparation, lipid derivatization and separation, mass spectrometric identification of lipids, data processing and interpretation, and quality control, are overviewed.


Asunto(s)
Lipidómica , Lípidos , Espectrometría de Masas , Control de Calidad
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(1): 41-45, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645049

RESUMEN

Drying is one of the most common unit operations in the production of traditional Chinese medicine. The drying process of traditional Chinese medicine materials is accompanied by the dynamic reduction of water content. As a key index to determine the end of the drying process, the moisture content of materials plays an important role in improving drying efficiency and saving energy. Recently, the drying process of traditional Chinese medicine is mostly monitored by offline detection, and there are few reports of online moisture detection applications. In this paper, the principle and current application of online inspection technology for the material drying process in different fields were introduced. The significance of online detection technology in drying of traditional Chinese medicine was also analyzed. Meanwhile, the application prospect of online detection technology in the field of drying of traditional Chinese medicine was predicted. In response to urgent transformation and upgrading of the traditional Chinese medicine manufacturing industry, the application of online moisture detection technology is expected to be a key breakthrough in the intelligent upgrading of traditional Chinese medicine drying technology and equipment.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicina China Tradicional , Desecación , Control de Calidad , Tecnología Farmacéutica
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(1): 46-51, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645050

RESUMEN

Oscillating chemical fingerprint is a nonlinear dynamic fingerprint technology that reflects the overall redox activity of the entire system based on potential-time changes in multi-stage chemical reactions. This article summarizes the application of oscillating chemical fingerprint technology combined with mathematical analysis method in the qualitative and quantitative analysis of traditional Chinese medicine and food in recent years, including similarity analysis, principal component analysis, cluster analysis and other qua-litative analysis methods, as well as linear, logarithmic, exponential, polynomial, multivariate analysis and other quantitative analysis methods, so as to provide meaningful information for further quality control analysis of the oscillation chemical fingerprint technology in the field of traditional Chinese medicine and food.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Medicina China Tradicional , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión , Alimentos , Análisis de Componente Principal , Control de Calidad
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(1): 118-124, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645060

RESUMEN

To establish the HPLC fingerprint and multi-component determination method of fried Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma pieces. HPLC analysis was performed on Thermo Acclaim ~(TM)120 C_(18) column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 µm). Acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution was taken as the mobile phase for gradient elution. The flow rate was 1 mL·min~(-1),the column temperature was maintained at 30 ℃, and the detection wavelength was 237 nm and 360 nm. The similarity of 15 batches of fried Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma pieces was higher than 0.849, and 17 common peaks were identified. Liquiritin, isoliquiritin apioside, isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, isoliquiritigenin and glycyrrhizic acid were identified; among them, the mass fractions of Liquiritin, isoliquiritin apioside, isoliquiritin, liquiritigenin, glycyrrhizic acid were were 0.519%-3.058%, 0.227%-0.389%, 0.070%-0.439%, 0.038%-0.173%, 1.381%-4.252%, respectively. According to the cluster analysis, the 15 batches of decoction pieces were classified into three categories; principal component analysis screened out four principal components, with the cumulative variance contribution rate of 86.630%, indicating that the principal components contained most information of original data. Partial least squares discriminant ana-lysis marked 6 differential components in the decoction pieces. The established fingerprint and multicomponent determination are stable and reliable, and can provide a reference for the quality control of Radix Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizomae and fried Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma pieces.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión , Extractos Vegetales , Control de Calidad
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(4): 792-800, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645083

RESUMEN

By preparing 10 batches of substance benchmarks freeze-drying powder( lyophilized powder),the methodology of the characteristic spectrum and the content of index component for substance benchmarks of Qingwei San was established. The characteristic peaks and the similarity range of the characteristic spectrum,the contents and the transfer rate range of isoferulic acid,palmatine and paeonol,and the paste-forming rate range were determined to define key quality attributes of substance benchmarks of Qingwei San. In the10 batches of substance benchmarks of Qingwei San,the similarity of characteristic spectrum was higher than 0. 90. In further comparison of the characteristic peak information,a total of 16 characteristic peaks were identified,including 5 characteristic peaks from Cimicifugae Rhizoma,5 characteristic peaks from Coptidis Rhizoma,2 characteristic peaks from Angelicae Sinensis Radix and 4 characteristic peaks from Moutan Cortex. The content of isoferulic acid was 0. 10%-0. 18%,with the average transfer rate of 49. 82%±4. 02%. The content of palmatine was 0. 17%-0. 31%,with the average transfer rate of 15. 84% ±2. 39%. The content of paeonol was 0. 41%-0. 75%,with the average transfer rate of 23. 41%±3. 23%. The paste-forming rate of the 10 batches of substance benchmarks were controlled at 27%-33%,with the transfer rate between the theoretical paste-forming rate and the actual paste-forming rate was 86. 59%±3. 39%. In this study,the quality value transfer of substance benchmarks of Qingwei San was analyzed by the combination of characteristic spectrum,the content of index component and the paste-forming rate. A scientific and stable evaluation method was preliminarily established,so as to provide the basis for subsequent development and quality control of relevant preparations of Qingwei San.


Asunto(s)
Benchmarking , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión , Polvos , Control de Calidad , Rizoma
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(4): 801-809, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645084

RESUMEN

By preparing 15 batches of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction, the methodology of the characteristic spectrums of substance benchmarks was established. The paste-forming rate range, the contents and the transfer rate range of the index components, hydroxy safflower yellow A, ferulic acid and paeoniflorin, the characteristic peaks and the similarity range of the characteristic spectrums of Taohong Siwu Decoction were determined to define key quality attributes of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction.In the 15 batches of substance benchmarks of Taohong Siwu Decoction, the similarity of characteristic spectrums was higher than 0.9. Furthermore, based on summarization of the characteristic peak information, there were 13 characteristic peaks in the whole decoction. Baishao had three characteristic peaks, Honghua had seven characteristic peaks, and Chuanxiong and Danggui had three characteristic peaks. The paste-forming rate of the 15 batches of substance benchmarks was controlled at 33.11%-40.62%. The content of hydroxy safflower yellow A was 0.129%-0.203%, with the average transfer rate of 16.596%±0.669%.The content of ferulic acid was 0.043%-0.055%, with the average transfer rate of 20.489%±1.772%.The content of paeoniflorin was 0.676%-0.943%, with the average transfer rate of 29.112%±3.273%.The quality value transfer of substance benchmarks of classical prescription Taohong Siwu Decoction was analyzed by the combination of characteristic spectrums, paste-forming rate and the content of index components. The established substance benchmark quality evaluation method was stable and feasible, and could provide a basis for quality control and subsequent development of relevant preparations of Taohong Siwu Decoction.


Asunto(s)
Benchmarking , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Control de Calidad
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(4): 810-819, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645085

RESUMEN

By preparing 15 batches of lyophilized powder samples of substance benchmark in Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,the fingerprint,index component content and extract rate were determined,and the characteristic peaks,the range of similarity with the reference map,the content range and transfer rate range of magnolol,hesperidin,glycyrrhizic acid and pinocembrin,the extract rate range and the change range were clarified. The results showed that the similarity between the fingerprint of substance benchmark and the reference map R generated from the 15 batches of substance benchmark samples was higher than 0. 90. The assignment of the characteristic peaks in the full prescription's fingerprint of the herbs except Poria cocos was clarified. Nineteen characteristic peaks were assigned,and 12 characteristic peaks were assigned by the reference substance,of which 4 were from Magnolia ocinalis Cortex,5 from Exocarpium Citri Rubrum,2 from Radix aucklandiae,3 from Glycyrrhiza Radix et Rhizoma,4 from Semen Alpiniae Katsumadai,and one from Rhizoma Zingiberis and Zingiber officinale Roscoe. The index component content range and transfer rate range were 0. 80%-1. 14% and 20. 25%-39. 61% for hesperidin,0. 49%-0. 79% and 23. 09%-33. 87%for glycyrrhizic acid,0. 03%-0. 07% and 3. 55%-10. 09% for pinocembrin,0. 15%-0. 38% and 8. 08%-24. 35% for magnolol. The extract rate range and the change range were22. 60%-25. 57% and 12. 67%-23. 68% respectively. In this study,we introduced the concepts of index component content,fingerprint,extract rate,explored the transfer relation of quality value transmitting of substance benchmark in Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,and initially established the quality standard of Houpo Wenzhong Decoction,all of which would provide ideas for the development and research of similar prescriptions.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Glycyrrhiza , Benchmarking , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión , Control de Calidad
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(4): 820-829, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645086

RESUMEN

By preparing 15 batches of Zhenwu Decoction substance benchmarks,the characteristic map,index component content and paste-forming rate were determined to define the peak attribution,similarity range,paste-forming rate range,paeoniflorin and6-gingerol content range and transfer rate range. The similarity between the substance benchmark characteristic map and the control map R generated from the 15 batches of substance benchmarks was higher than 0. 970. There were 19 characteristic peaks in total. By further summarization of the characteristic peaks,it could be seen that tuckahoe had 3 characteristic peaks,white peony root had 10 characteristic peaks,atractylodes had 3 characteristic peaks,ginger had 1 characteristic peak,and Aconite root had 3 characteristic peaks; among them,white peony root and aconite root had 1 common peak. The contents and transfer rates of the 15 batches were0. 50%-0. 93 and 16. 11%-26. 20%; those for 6-gingerol were 0. 018 2%-0. 033 9% and 13. 16%-24. 10%,respectively. The pasteforming rate ranged from 10. 00% to 14. 85%. In this study,the transfer process of substance benchmark value of classic formula Zhenwu Decoction was analyzed based on the characteristic map,the paste-forming rate and the content of the index components; a scientific and stable substance benchmark quality evaluation method was preliminarily established to provide a basis for subsequent development of classic formula Zhenwu Decoction and quality control of relevant preparations.


Asunto(s)
Benchmarking , Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión , Control de Calidad
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(4): 830-836, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645087

RESUMEN

To verify the appropriate preparation process of extracts for the solid substance benchmark of Linggui Zhugan Decoction. The extracts were prepared by different preparation processes, namely the traditional process(process 1), the extract combined with volatile oil separated from traditional process extract liquid(process 2), the modern secondary reflux extraction process(process 3) and the process that volatile oil was extracted first, then prepared according to the traditional process, and combined with extract(process 4); based on the characteristic spectrum, index components of cinnamaldehyde, glycyrrhizin, ammonium glycyrrhizinate, cinnamic acid, and the dry extract rate of process 1, the differences and similarities of four extracts were compared. The results showed that the similarity of the characteristic spectrum of process 2, process 4 and process 1 were all greater than 0.97, while there was no significant difference for the content of 4 quality control components and dry extract rate; the similarity of the characteristic spectrum of process 3 and process 1 was 0.91, the absolute peak area of 13 out of 21 peaks and the relative peak area of 7 peaks increased significantly, and the content of 3 out of 4 quality control components and dry extract rate also significantly increased. In conclusion, the material standards of extracts by the process 2 and 4 are consistent with that of the traditional process, so the two processes are suitable.


Asunto(s)
Medicamentos Herbarios Chinos , Aceites Volátiles , Cromatografía Líquida de Alta Presión , Ácido Glicirrínico , Control de Calidad , Estándares de Referencia
14.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(4)2021 Feb 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33668578

RESUMEN

Application of micro-Raman spectroscopy for the monitoring of quality of nanowire sensor chips fabrication has been demonstrated. Nanowire chips have been fabricated on the basis of «silicon-on-insulator¼ (SOI) structures (SOI-NW chips). The fabrication of SOI-NW chips was performed by optical litography with gas-phase etching. The so-fabricated SOI-NW chips are intended for highly sensitive detection of brain cancer biomarkers in humans. In our present study, two series of experiments have been conducted. In the first experimental series, detection of a synthetic DNA oligonucleotide (oDNA) analogue of brain cancer-associated microRNA miRNA-363 in purified buffer solution has been performed in order to demonstrate the high detection sensitivity. The second experimental series has been performed in order to reveal miRNA-363 itself in real human plasma samples. To provide detection biospecificity, the SOI-NW chip surface was modified by covalent immobilization of probe oligonucleotides (oDNA probes) complementary to the target biomolecules. Using the SOI-NW sensor chips proposed herein, the concentration detection limit of the target biomolecules at the level of 3.3 × 10-17 M has been demonstrated. Thus, the approach employing the SOI-NW chips proposed herein represents an attractive tool in biomedical practice, aimed at the early revelation of oncological diseases in humans.


Asunto(s)
Técnicas Biosensibles , Neoplasias Encefálicas , MicroARNs , Nanocables , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Humanos , MicroARNs/genética , Plasma , Control de Calidad , Silicio , Espectrometría Raman
15.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 66(2): 110-114, 2021 Mar 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734645

RESUMEN

The quality of culture media for blood culture was checked: nutrient medium for children with an antibiotic neutralizer for the cultivation of aerobes, nutrient medium with an antibiotic neutralizer for the cultivation of anaerobes, a nutrient medium with an antibiotic neutralizer for the cultivation of aerobes, nutrient medium for the cultivation of aerobes UNONA® used in the automatic bacteriological analyzer JUNONA ®Labstar 50 (SCENKER Biological Technology Co., Ltd. China). Used tenfold dilutions from 18-24 hour cultures of reference strains: ATCC 13124 Clostridium perfringens; ATCC 25285 Bacteroides fragilis; NCTC 194I8 Haemophilus influenzae; ATCC 49619 Streptococcus pneumoniae; ATCC 16615 Streptococcus pyogenes; ATCC 27853 Pseudomonas aeruginosa; ATCC 25923 Staphylococcus aureus; ATCC 25922 Escherichia coli; BKPGU-401/-885-653 Candida albicans; ATCC13813 Streptococcus agalactiae; No. 186 Enterobacter cloacae; ATCC 29212 Enterococcus faecalis; clinical isolates: Acinetobacter lwofii, Enterobacter cloacae, Candida tropicalis. All investigated reference strains were isolated on nutrient media in accordance with their biological properties when inoculated with 50 CFU / ml less than 72 hours later, as stated by the manufacturer. The study has shown that growth factors must be used to test the quality of the culture media with Haemophilus influenzae bacteria and this must be reflected in the manufacturer's instructions.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones Bacterianas , Bacteriología , Antibacterianos , Niño , Humanos , Laboratorios , Pruebas de Sensibilidad Microbiana , Nutrientes , Control de Calidad
16.
J Vis Exp ; (168)2021 02 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645588

RESUMEN

Microglia orchestrate neuroimmune responses in several neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. Microglia clear up dead and dying neurons through the process of efferocytosis, a specialized form of phagocytosis. The phagocytosis function can be disrupted by environmental or genetic risk factors that affect microglia. This paper presents a rapid and simple in vitro microscopy protocol for studying microglial efferocytosis in an induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) model of microglia, using a human neuroblastoma cell line (SH-SY5Y) labeled with a pH-sensitive dye for the phagocytic cargo. The procedure results in a high yield of dead neuroblastoma cells, which display surface phosphatidylserine, recognized as an "eat-me" signal by phagocytes. The 96-well plate assay is suitable for live-cell time-lapse imaging, or the plate can be successfully fixed prior to further processing and quantified by high-content microscopy. Fixed-cell high-content microscopy enables the assay to be scaled up for screening of small molecule inhibitors or assessing the phagocytic function of genetic variant iPSC lines. While this assay was developed to study phagocytosis of whole dead neuroblastoma cells by iPSC-macrophages, the assay can be easily adapted for other cargoes relevant to neurodegenerative diseases, such as synaptosomes and myelin, and other phagocytic cell types.


Asunto(s)
Bioensayo/métodos , Células Madre Pluripotentes Inducidas/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Neuroblastoma/patología , Fagocitosis , Animales , Muerte Celular , Línea Celular Tumoral , Análisis de Datos , Colorantes Fluorescentes/química , Células Madre Embrionarias Humanas/citología , Humanos , Concentración de Iones de Hidrógeno , Células Madre Pluripotentes Inducidas/citología , Control de Calidad , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Imagen de Lapso de Tiempo
17.
Molecules ; 26(4)2021 Feb 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33671906

RESUMEN

Alternaria toxins are emerging mycotoxins whose regulation and standardization are in progress by the European Commission and the European Committee for Standardization. This paper describes a dilute and shoot approach to determine five Alternaria toxins in selected food samples using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The strategy involves sample extraction with acidified aqueous methanol, followed by a solvent change accomplished via sample evaporation and reconstitution. The quantification is based on isotope dilution, applying all corresponding isotopically labeled internal standards to compensate possible matrix effects of the analysis. The main advantages of the present method over other existing methods includes simple and effective sample preparation, as well as detection with high sensitivity. The five-fold sample dilution can decrease matrix effects, which were evaluated with both external and internal standard methods. The results demonstrated a limit of quantification lower than 1.0 µg/kg for all five analytes for the first time. The newly presented method showed acceptable accuracy (52.7-111%) when analyzing naturally contaminated and spiked standard samples at the described levels. The method was validated for tomato-based and flour samples (wheat, rye, and maize). The absolute recovery ranged from 66.7% to 91.6% (RSD < 10%). The developed method could be an alternative approach for those laboratories that exclude sample cleanup and pre-concentration of state-of-the-art instruments with enhanced sensitivity.


Asunto(s)
Alternaria/química , Harina/análisis , Marcaje Isotópico/métodos , Lycopersicon esculentum/química , Espectrometría de Masas/métodos , Toxinas Biológicas/análisis , Cromatografía Liquida , Control de Calidad , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Espectrometría de Masas en Tándem
18.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2212: 17-35, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33733347

RESUMEN

We present SNPInt-GPU, a software providing several methods for statistical epistasis testing. SNPInt-GPU supports GPU acceleration using the Nvidia CUDA framework, but can also be used without GPU hardware. The software implements logistic regression (as in PLINK epistasis testing), BOOST, log-linear regression, mutual information (MI), and information gain (IG) for pairwise testing as well as mutual information and information gain for third-order tests. Optionally, r2 scores for testing for linkage disequilibrium (LD) can be calculated on-the-fly. SNPInt-GPU is publicly available at GitHub. The software requires a Linux-based operating system and CUDA libraries. This chapter describes detailed installation and usage instructions as well as examples for basic preliminary quality control and analysis of results.


Asunto(s)
Algoritmos , Curaduría de Datos/estadística & datos numéricos , Epistasis Genética , Programas Informáticos , Entropía , Humanos , Desequilibrio de Ligamiento , Modelos Logísticos , Control de Calidad
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