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1.
Rev. bioét. derecho ; (50): 133-148, nov. 2020.
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-191350

RESUMEN

El presente artículo ambiciona defender la necesidad y la virtualidad de emprender una acción colectiva, primero, paneuropea y luego, internacional para hacer frente con la mayor celeridad, eficiencia y eficacia posibles a la emergencia sanitaria suscitada por la COVID-19, abordando, específicamente, la problemática ética y legal de la compartición internacional de datos personales. Todo ello con la firme pretensión de lograr una mayor y mejor cooperación internacional en materia de investigación médico-científica con datos de carácter personal


This article aims to defend the need of taking a pan-European and international collective action to tackle as rapidly, efficiently and effectively as possible the public health emergency caused by the COVID-19, addressing, specifically, the ethical and legal issues of the international sharing of personal data. On the whole, intending to improve international cooperation in medical and scientific research with personal data


El present article ambiciona defensar la necessitat I la virtualitat d'emprendre una acció col·lectiva, primer, paneuropea I després, internacional per fer front amb la major celeritat, eficiència I eficàcia possibles a l'emergència sanitària suscitada per la COVID-19, abordant, específicament, la problemàtica ètica I legal de la compartició internacional de dades personals. Tot això amb la ferma pretensió d'aconseguir una major I millor cooperació internacional en matèria d'investigació medico-científica amb dades de caràcter personal


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Registros de Salud Personal/ética , Cooperación Internacional , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Neumonía Viral , Pandemias/ética , Pandemias/legislación & jurisprudencia
3.
Elife ; 92020 11 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33143847

RESUMEN

Scientific conferences have an important role in the exchange of ideas and knowledge within the scientific community. Conferences also provide early-career researchers with opportunities to make themselves known within their field of research. Although the COVID-19 pandemic has brought traditional in-person conferences to a halt for the foreseeable future, the growth of virtual conferences has highlighted many of the disadvantages associated with the in-person format and demonstrated the advantages of moving these events online. Here, based on data from in-person and virtual conferences in a range of subjects, we describe how virtual conferences are more inclusive, more affordable, less time-consuming and more accessible worldwide, especially for early-career researchers. Making conferences more open and inclusive will provide both immediate and long-term benefits to the scientific community.


Asunto(s)
Acceso a la Información , Congresos como Asunto , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Difusión de la Información , Relaciones Interprofesionales , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Aislamiento Social , Realidad Virtual , Congresos como Asunto/economía , Conducta Cooperativa , Difusión de Innovaciones , Humanos , Cooperación Internacional
7.
J Gynecol Oncol ; 31(6): e92, 2020 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33078597

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has caused rapid and drastic changes in cancer management. The Italian Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics (SIGO), and the Multicenter Italian Trials in Ovarian cancer and gynecologic malignancies (MITO) promoted a national survey aiming to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on clinical activity of gynecologist oncologists and to assess the implementation of containment measures against COVID-19 diffusion. METHODS: The survey consisted of a self-administered, anonymous, online questionnaire. The survey was sent via email to all the members of the SIGO, and MITO groups on April 7, 2020, and was closed on April 20, 2020. RESULTS: Overall, 604 participants completed the questionnaire with a response-rate of 70%. The results of this survey suggest that gynecologic oncology units had set a proactive approach to COVID-19 outbreak. Triage methods were adopted in order to minimize in-hospital diffusion of COVID-19. Only 38% of gynecologic surgeons were concerned about COVID-19 outbreak. Although 73% of the participants stated that COVID-19 has not significantly modified their everyday practice, 21% declared a decrease of the use of laparoscopy in favor of open surgery (19%). However, less than 50% of surgeons adopted specific protection against COVID-19. Additionally, responders suggested to delay cancer treatment (10%-15%), and to perform less radical surgical procedures (20%-25%) during COVID-19 pandemic. CONCLUSIONS: National guidelines should be implemented to further promote the safety of patients and health care providers. International cooperation is of paramount importance, as heavily affected nations can serve as an example to find out ways to safely preserve clinical activity during the COVID-19 outbreak.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Ginecología/métodos , Control de Infecciones/métodos , Oncología Médica/métodos , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Betacoronavirus , Infecciones por Coronavirus/transmisión , Femenino , Neoplasias de los Genitales Femeninos/terapia , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Ginecológicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Cooperación Internacional , Italia , Neumonía Viral/transmisión , Sociedades Médicas , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Triaje/métodos , Triaje/estadística & datos numéricos
9.
Comunidad (Barc., Internet) ; 22(2): 0-0, jul.-oct. 2020. graf
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-193597

RESUMEN

En 2006 nace una ONG en Boulembou (A 500 km de Dakar), fundada por cooperantes e inmigrantes del pueblo en nuestro país, donde se hicieron estudios para definir el entorno y asambleas y comités para priorizar intervenciones. OBJETIVOS: conocer el funcionamiento de un proyecto comunitario y formar parte de una ONG de codesarrollo, así como obtener y valorar los resultados de sus acciones a medio y largo plazo sobre la población. MÉTODOS: codesarrollo (las personas inmigrantes ayudan en realizar intervenciones en sus países de origen) y salud comunitaria (acciones para mejorar la salud de una comunidad más allá de la individual). RESULTADOS: el pueblo tiene agua potable, huertos, centro de salud (enfermero, comadrona y agentes de salud) y mejoras en la escuela. DISCUSIÓN: el enfoque y las líneas de trabajo realizadas desde un punto de vista comunitario y de codesarrollo han permitido que los proyectos se autogestionen y autofinancien para poder seguir evolucionando y progresando


An NGO was founded in 2006 in Boulembou (located 500 km from Dakar). It was founded by aid workers and immigrants from this town to our country. Studies were performed there to define the setting and to start meetings and committees to prioritize interventions. OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the operation of a community project and be part of a co-development NGO in addition to obtaining and evaluating the impact of its actions on the population in the medium and long term. METHODS: Co-development (immigrants assist with development in countries of origin) and community health (actions targeted at improving community health). RESULTS: The town now has drinking water from fountains, orchards and a healthcare centre (with a nurse, midwife and healthcare agents) in addition to school improvements. DISCUSSION: Projects were implemented from a community and co-development point of view and have facilitated self-management and self-financing to continue evolving and progressing by themselves


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Niño , Participación de la Comunidad , Organizaciones , Atención Primaria de Salud/métodos , Emigrantes e Inmigrantes , Cooperación Internacional , Senegal , Salud Pública , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud
10.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(10): e1008902, 2020 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035262

RESUMEN

The first cluster of patients suffering from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was identified on December 21, 2019, and as of July 29, 2020, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections have been linked with 664,333 deaths and number at least 16,932,996 worldwide. Unprecedented in global societal impact, the COVID-19 pandemic has tested local, national, and international preparedness for viral outbreaks to the limits. Just as it will be vital to identify missed opportunities and improve contingency planning for future outbreaks, we must also highlight key successes and build on them. Concomitant to the emergence of a novel viral disease, there is a 'research and development gap' that poses a threat to the overall pace and quality of outbreak response during its most crucial early phase. Here, we outline key components of an adequate research response to novel viral outbreaks using the example of SARS-CoV-2. We highlight the exceptional recent progress made in fundamental science, resulting in the fastest scientific response to a major infectious disease outbreak or pandemic. We underline the vital role of the international research community, from the implementation of diagnostics and contact tracing procedures to the collective search for vaccines and antiviral therapies, sustained by unique information sharing efforts.


Asunto(s)
Investigación Biomédica/tendencias , Infecciones por Coronavirus/virología , Cooperación Internacional , Neumonía Viral/virología , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/fisiología , Investigación Biomédica/organización & administración , Trazado de Contacto , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/mortalidad , Infecciones por Coronavirus/terapia , Humanos , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/mortalidad , Neumonía Viral/terapia
12.
J World Fed Orthod ; 9(3S): S3-S14, 2020 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023729

RESUMEN

The idea of a global orthodontic organization, the World Federation of Orthodontists (WFO), made up of national and regional orthodontic organizations, was realized in 1995 in San Francisco at the 4th International Orthodontic Congress that was held in conjunction with the 95th annual American Association of Orthodontists meeting. This umbrella organization strives to promote quality orthodontic care, practiced and delivered by orthodontic specialists in all parts of the world. In addition, it supports its member organizations with governing principles that promote appropriate membership criteria, qualified individual leadership participation, and long-term stability of the organization over time. In response to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 pandemic, the WFO has responded proactively and plans to augment its digital resources even further in the near future. This article describes the formation of the organization, the idea that germinated through the first three international orthodontic congresses, its workflow and membership criteria, the accountability and commitment it has toward its affiliates and individual members, and its plans for future years to come.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Ortodoncia/historia , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Sociedades Odontológicas/historia , Betacoronavirus , Congresos como Asunto/historia , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Cooperación Internacional/historia , Objetivos Organizacionales , Pandemias
13.
Global Health ; 16(1): 94, 2020 10 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032616

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 has rapidly and radically changed the face of human health and social interaction. As was the case with COVID-19, the world is similarly unprepared to respond to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and the challenges it will produce. COVID-19 presents an opportunity to examine how the international community might better respond to the growing AMR threat. MAIN BODY: The impacts of COVID-19 have manifested in health system, economic, social, and global political implications. Increasing AMR will also present challenges in these domains. As seen with COVID-19, increasing healthcare usage and resource scarcity may lead to ethical dilemmas about prioritization of care; unemployment and economic downturn may disproportionately impact people in industries reliant on human interaction (especially women); and international cooperation may be compromised as nations strive to minimize outbreaks within their own borders. CONCLUSION: AMR represents a slow-moving disaster that offers a unique opportunity to proactively develop interventions to mitigate its impact. The world's attention is currently rightfully focused on responding to COVID-19, but there is a moral imperative to take stock of lessons learned and opportunities to prepare for the next global health emergency.


Asunto(s)
Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Farmacorresistencia Microbiana , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Infecciones por Coronavirus/tratamiento farmacológico , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Planificación en Desastres/organización & administración , Predicción , Salud Global , Humanos , Cooperación Internacional , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología
14.
Global Health ; 16(1): 103, 2020 10 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33092609

RESUMEN

The deteriorating political and economic situation in Venezuela has ramifications far beyond the Latin American country's borders as almost five million Venezuelans fled and migrated into countries in the region due to the crisis at home. The scarcity of health services, the lack of information sharing, and the absence of reliable data in Venezuela create challenges for confronting developing health emergencies and disease outbreaks. The need for accurate data is especially dire given the current COVID-19 pandemic and evolving movement of refugees. While countries and international organizations came together to form a coordinated response to Venezuela's political and humanitarian crisis, this geopolitical progress is threatened by the rapid spread of COVID-19, and the instinct for countries to focus inwards on domestic response priorities, rather than engage in regional cooperation. It is critical that the international community set aside geopolitical differences and cooperate to seek an accurate picture of the conditions on the ground to improve the welfare of Venezuelan migrants and to provide a more robust response to the current pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Exactitud de los Datos , Cooperación Internacional , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Refugiados/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Política , Sistemas de Socorro , Venezuela/etnología
17.
Cell ; 183(2): 296-300, 2020 10 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064983

RESUMEN

The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has revealed that Africa needs a new public health order to be resilient, to adapt, and to cope with 21st-century disease threats. The new order will need strengthened continental and national public health institutions; local manufacturing of vaccines, therapeutics, and diagnostics; attraction, training, and retention of a public health workforce; and fostering of respectful local and international partnerships.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Transmisibles/terapia , Salud Pública , África , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Enfermedades Transmisibles/diagnóstico , Empleos en Salud/educación , Fuerza Laboral en Salud , Humanos , Cooperación Internacional , Salud Pública/educación , Administración en Salud Pública
19.
Eur Respir Rev ; 29(157)2020 Sep 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020069

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2. Consensus suggestions can standardise care, thereby improving outcomes and facilitating future research. METHODS: An International Task Force was composed and agreement regarding courses of action was measured using the Convergence of Opinion on Recommendations and Evidence (CORE) process. 70% agreement was necessary to make a consensus suggestion. RESULTS: The Task Force made consensus suggestions to treat patients with acute COVID-19 pneumonia with remdesivir and dexamethasone but suggested against hydroxychloroquine except in the context of a clinical trial; these are revisions of prior suggestions resulting from the interim publication of several randomised trials. It also suggested that COVID-19 patients with a venous thromboembolic event be treated with therapeutic anticoagulant therapy for 3 months. The Task Force was unable to reach sufficient agreement to yield consensus suggestions for the post-hospital care of COVID-19 survivors. The Task Force fell one vote shy of suggesting routine screening for depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder. CONCLUSIONS: The Task Force addressed questions related to pharmacotherapy in patients with COVID-19 and the post-hospital care of survivors, yielding several consensus suggestions. Management options for which there is insufficient agreement to formulate a suggestion represent research priorities.


Asunto(s)
Comités Consultivos/organización & administración , Betacoronavirus , Consenso , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Cooperación Internacional , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Neumología/normas , Sociedades Médicas , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Pandemias , Estados Unidos
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