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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327506

RESUMEN

The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate implant survival, marginal bone loss and peri-implant complications in 326 short and ultra-short implants. Implants were placed in the maxillary and mandibular posterior regions of 140 patients with (PP) and without (NPP) a history of periodontal disease. Clinical and radiographic examinations were performed at 3-year recall appointments. The 8.0, 6.0 and 5.0 mm-length implants placed in PP and NPP were respectively 43.75% and 38.46%, 35.10% and 34.19%, 21.15% and 27.35%; 325 implants (one early failure) were rehabilitated with single crowns in 139 patients. Overall implant survival after 3 years of follow-up was 97.55%, 98.08% and 96.61% for PP and NPP (p = 0.46). Crestal bone level variations were not statistically different among PP and NPP; 15.41% of implants presented signs of mucositis, 14.71% and 16.67% in PP and NPP (p = 0.64). Setting the threshold for bone loss at 2 mm after 36 months, peri-implantitis prevalence was 2.2%, 1.96% and 2.63% in PP and NPP (p = 0.7). Overall implant success was 82.39%, 83.33% and 80.7% for PP and NPP (p = 0.55). Short-term outcomes suggest that short and ultra-short locking-taper implants can successfully be restored with single crowns in the posterior jaws both in PP and NPP.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Coronas , Implantes Dentales de Diente Único , Enfermedades Periodontales , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/epidemiología , Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar/etiología , Coronas/normas , Coronas/estadística & datos numéricos , Implantes Dentales de Diente Único/efectos adversos , Implantes Dentales de Diente Único/normas , Implantes Dentales de Diente Único/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermedades Periodontales/complicaciones , Prevalencia , Estudios Retrospectivos
2.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(3)2020 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32169975

RESUMEN

Mandibular incisors show variations in their root canal anatomy from regular pattern in some cases. Magnification plays a vital role to identify those unusual canal morphologies. A certain modification in access cavity preparation is required to locate those extra canals. Not only the functional restoration but also aesthetic harmony should be restored while treating anterior teeth. In these cases, post space preparation should be done with extra care to prevent vertical root fracture. This case report illustrates the importance of proper radiograph and magnification in the successful identification and management of complex canal systems in mandibular incisors.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Acrílicas/uso terapéutico , Resinas Compuestas/uso terapéutico , Cavidad Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagen , Incisivo/lesiones , Poliuretanos/uso terapéutico , Fracturas de los Dientes/diagnóstico por imagen , Coronas/normas , Cavidad Pulpar/anatomía & histología , Estética , Humanos , Incisivo/anatomía & histología , Masculino , Traumatismos Mandibulares/complicaciones , Radiografía/métodos , Tratamiento del Conducto Radicular/métodos , Fracturas de los Dientes/terapia , Raíz del Diente/anatomía & histología , Resultado del Tratamiento , Adulto Joven
3.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227050, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31945072

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To better guide clinicians to choose the appropriate chairside system, we compared and evaluated the morphology of crowns generated by three different biogeneric design modes (biogeneric copy (BC), biogeneric individual (BI), and biogeneric reference (BR)) of the CEREC software. METHODS: Maxillary and mandibular casts were obtained from twelve volunteers and digital impressions were acquired. All ceramic crown preparations of all right maxillary central incisors were prepared and digital impressions were taken. Then, crowns were automatically designed under BC, BI and BR modes separately and their morphologies were evaluated by six doctors. The "optimal fitting alignment" and "3D analysis" functions of the Geomagic Qualify software were carried out between original teeth and auto-generated full crowns. The auto-generated crowns were modified by a technician according to clinical criteria and the adjustment time was recorded. The discrepancies between technician modified crowns and the auto-generated full crowns were evaluated with the same functions in the Geomagic Qualify software. RESULTS: The subjective evaluation results of BC group were significantly better than those of BI and BR group (p < 0.05). Compared with the original teeth and modified crowns, auto-generated crowns in BC group all had the smallest differences, followed by BR and BI group (p < 0.05). BC group needed the shortest adjustment time than BI and BR group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Using crowns generated by BC mode is more aesthetic and suitable in clinics use than those generated by BI and BR modes and can reduce clinic adjustment time.


Asunto(s)
Cerámica , Coronas/normas , Diseño de Prótesis Dental/normas , Automatización , Porcelana Dental , Diseño de Prótesis Dental/métodos , Humanos , Incisivo , Programas Informáticos , Factores de Tiempo
4.
J Mater Sci Mater Med ; 31(1): 9, 2019 Dec 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872290

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the fracture resistance, flexural strength and Weibull modulus of an innovative CAD/CAM polymer and to compare its fracture resistance with that of glass ceramics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 32 (n = 16 IPS e.max CAD (LIDI); n = 16 LuxaCam Composite (LUXA)) first mandibular molar crowns were fabricated and cemented onto metal dies by use of luting composite. Half of the specimens were loaded until fracture without prior artificial ageing. The other half were subjected to thermal (5°/55 °C) and mechanical (1,200,000 cycles, 80 N) cycling before fracture loading. Scanning electron microscopy was used to analyse fracture behaviour. A three-point bending test of the flexural strength of LUXA was performed according to ISO 6872:2008. Data were analysed by means of the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, Mann-Whitney U-test (p < 0.05) and Weibull statistical analysis. RESULTS: Initial fracture resistance of LIDI was significantly higher than that of LUXA. However, the initial fracture resistance of LIDI decreased significantly after artificial ageing. After ageing, fracture resistance was 1050.29 ± 325.08 N for LUXA and 1250.09 ± 32.53 N for LIDI. Three-point bending test yielded a mean flexural strength value for LUXA of 145.28 ± 18.21 MPa and a Weibull modulus of m = 9.51. CONCLUSIONS: Polymer-based material tested in this study had a lower fracture resistance than that of the glass-ceramic material. Fracture resistance and flexural strength of LuxaCam Composite are sufficient for use in the first molar region. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The mechanical properties of this innovative polymer-based material indicate it can be used in the first molar region as a suitable alternative to glass ceramics. Further clinical studies are required to confirm this. The study presents an innovative material as an alternative to glassceramic for the clinical use in dentistry. The materials investigated were differently affected by artificial aging. Clinical use for patients with bruxism may be considered.


Asunto(s)
Materiales Biocompatibles , Cerámica , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Coronas , Polímeros , Coronas/normas , Materiales Dentales , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Factores de Tiempo
5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30769768

RESUMEN

The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the quality of digital workflows generated by different scanners (Intra-oral digital scanners (I.O.S.s)) focusing on marginal fit analysis. A customized chrome-cobalt (Cr-Co) implant abutment simulating a maxillary right first molar was fixed in hemi-maxillary stone model and scanned by eight different I.O.S.s: Omnicam® (Denstply Sirona, Verona, Italy) CS3500®, CS3600®, (Carestream Dental, Atlanta, GA, USA), True Definition Scanner® (3M, St. Paul, MN, USA), DWIO® (Dental Wings, Montreal, Quebec, Canada), PlanScan® (Planmeca Oy, Helsinki, Finland), 3D PROGRESS Plus® (MHT, Verona, Italy), TRIOS 3® (3Shape, Copenhagen, Denmark). Nine scans were performed by each tested I.O.S. and 72 copings were designed using a dental computer-assisted-design/computer-assisted-manufacturing (CAD/CAM) software (exocad GmbH, Darmstadt, Germany). According to CAD data, zirconium dioxide (ZrO2) copings were digitally milled (Roland DWX-50, Irvine, CA, USA). Scanning electron microscope (SEM) direct vision allowed for marginal gap measurements in eight points for each specimen. Descriptive analysis was performed using mean, standard deviation, and median, while the Kruskal⁻Wallis test was performed to determine whether the marginal discrepancies were significantly different between each group (significance level p < 0.05). The overall mean marginal gap value and standard deviation were 53.45 ± 30.52 µm. The minimum mean value (40.04 ± 18.90 µm) was recorded by PlanScan®, then 3D PROGRESS Plus® (40.20 ± 21.91 µm), True Definition Scanner® (40.82 ± 26.19 µm), CS3500® (54.82 ± 28.86 µm) CS3600® (59,67 ± 28.72 µm), Omnicam® (61.57 ± 38.59 µm), DWIO® (62.49 ± 31.54 µm), while the maximum mean value (67.95 ± 30.41 µm) was recorded by TRIOS 3®. The Kruskal⁻Wallis tests revealed a statistically significant difference (p-value < 0.5) in the mean marginal gaps between copings produced by 3D PROGRESS Plus®, PlanScan, True Definition Scanner, and the other evaluated I.O.S.s. The use of an I.O.S. for digital impressions may be a viable alternative to analog techniques. Although in this in vitro study PlanScan®, 3D PROGRESS Plus® and True Definition Scanner® may have showed the best performances, all I.O.S.s tested could provide clinically encouraging results especially in terms of marginal accuracy, since mean marginal gap values were all within the clinically acceptable threshold of 120 µm.


Asunto(s)
Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Coronas/normas , Técnica de Impresión Dental/normas , Adaptación Marginal Dental/normas , Diseño de Prótesis Dental/normas , Diente/diagnóstico por imagen , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Canadá , Dinamarca , Femenino , Finlandia , Alemania , Humanos , Italia , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Quebec
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30424474

RESUMEN

Aim/Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to examine the clinical performance of posterior monolithic single crowns in terms of failure or complications and the secondary aim was to assess the quality of these restorations according to the United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria. Methods: Ιn a private dental clinic, 65 patients with need of posterior crowns were restored with monolithic zirconia crowns. All the restorations were evaluated 6 and 12 months after their cementation. The modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria and periodontal parameters were applied for the clinical evaluation of the crowns. Restorations with Alpha or Bravo rating were considered a success. Results: Descriptive statistics and nonparametric tests were used for statistical analysis. Sixty-five patients (mean age: 49.52) were restored with 65 monolithic zirconia crowns. No fracture of the restorations was recorded. The overall success rate was 98.5%. The clinical quality of all crowns was acceptable except for the marginal discoloration of one crown at the 6- and 12-month follow-up examination. Conclusions: In this study, no fracture of single-tooth monolithic crowns occurred and the success rate was high. Monolithic zirconia restorations fabricated is a viable option for the restoration of single posterior teeth.


Asunto(s)
Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Coronas/normas , Diseño de Prótesis Dental/normas , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental/estadística & datos numéricos , Guías como Asunto , Preparación Protodóncica del Diente/normas , Circonio , Adulto , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Estados Unidos
7.
Clin Oral Implants Res ; 29 Suppl 16: 215-223, 2018 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30328196

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Working Group 2 was convened to address topics relevant to prosthodontics and dental implants. Systematic reviews were developed according to focused questions addressing (a) the number of implants required to support fixed full-arch restorations, (b) the influence of intentionally tilted implants compared to axial positioned implants when supporting fixed dental prostheses (FDPs), (c) implant placement and loading protocols, (d) zirconia dental implants, (e) zirconia and metal ceramic implant supported single crowns and (f) zirconia and metal ceramic implant supported FDPs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Group 2 considered and discussed information gathered in six systematic reviews. Group participants discussed statements developed by the authors and developed consensus. The group developed and found consensus for clinical recommendations based on both the statements and the experience of the group. The consensus statements and clinical recommendations were presented to the plenary (gathering of all conference attendees) and discussed. Final versions were developed after consensus was reached. RESULTS: A total of 27 consensus statements were developed from the systematic reviews. Additionally, the group developed 24 clinical recommendations based on the combined expertise of the participants and the developed consensus statements. CONCLUSIONS: The literature supports the use of various implant numbers to support full-arch fixed prostheses. The use of intentionally tilted dental implants is indicated when appropriate conditions exist. Implant placement and loading protocols should be considered together when planning and treating patients. One-piece zirconia dental implants can be recommended when appropriate clinical conditions exist although two-piece zirconia implants should be used with caution as a result of insufficient data. Clinical performance of zirconia and metal ceramic single implant supported crowns is similar and each demonstrates significant, though different, complications. Zirconia ceramic FDPs are less reliable than metal ceramic. Implant supported monolithic zirconia prostheses may be a future option with more supporting evidence.


Asunto(s)
Implantes Dentales , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Odontología , Prostodoncia , Cerámica/uso terapéutico , Consenso , Coronas/normas , Pilares Dentales , Diseño de Implante Dental-Pilar/métodos , Implantación Dental Endoósea/normas , Implantes Dentales/estadística & datos numéricos , Materiales Dentales/uso terapéutico , Diseño de Prótesis Dental/métodos , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado/métodos , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado/normas , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Restauración Dental Permanente/normas , Dentadura Completa/normas , Dentadura Parcial Fija/normas , Humanos , Metaanálisis como Asunto , Aleaciones de Cerámica y Metal/uso terapéutico , Revisiones Sistemáticas como Asunto , Factores de Tiempo , Resultado del Tratamiento , Circonio/uso terapéutico
8.
Clin Oral Implants Res ; 29 Suppl 18: 326-331, 2018 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30306690

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present publication was to report on the EAO Workshop group-4 discussions and consensus statements on the five reviews previously prepared. These reviews provided the scientific evidence on the effect of crown-to-implant ratio, on reconstructions with cantilevers in fully and partially edentulous patients, on biological and technical complications of tilted in comparison with straight implants, and on the effects of osseointegrated implants functioning in a residual dentition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The group discussed, evaluated, corrected where deemed appropriate, and made recommendations to the authors regarding the following five reviews submitted: (a) Is there an effect of crown-to-implant ratio on implant treatment outcomes?; (b) Implant-supported cantilevered fixed dental rehabilitations in fully edentulous patients; (c) and in partially edentulous patients; (d) Biological and technical complications of tilted implants in comparison with straight implants supporting fixed dental prostheses; (e) What are the adverse effects of osseointegrated implants functioning among natural teeth of a residual dentition? Based on the five manuscripts and the discussion among the group as well as the plenum members, the major findings were summarized, consensus statements were formulated, clinical recommendations were proposed, and areas of future research were identified. RESULTS: Crown-to-implant ratios ranging from 0.9 to 2.2 did not influence the occurrence of biological or technical complications also in single-tooth restorations. Reconstructions with cantilevers for the rehabilitation of fully and partially edentulous jaws showed high implant and reconstruction survival rates. In contrast, the rate of complications-in particular associated with veneering material-was high during the observation period of 5-10 years. The data reported were primarily derived from studies with high risk of bias. The data for single-implant reconstructions were small. There was no evidence that distally tilted implants were associated with higher failure rates and increased amounts of marginal bone loss. The data supporting these findings, however, were at high risk of bias and frequently incompletely reported. Frequent positional changes occurred between the natural teeth and the implant-supported restorations. These changes were more pronounced in younger individuals, and even though they were reduced with age, they still occurred in adult patients. Even though these changes were frequent, potential implications for the patient are unclear. CONCLUSIONS: The use of single-tooth restorations with crown-to-implant ratio in between 0.9 and 2.2 may be considered a viable treatment option. Multiunit reconstructions with cantilevers are a viable treatment option in fully and partially edentulous patients. Clinicians and patients should be aware, however, that complications are frequent and primarily related to resin material used for veneering. There is some evidence that tilting an implant does affect stability of the implant and the surrounding bone. Treatment options to tilted implants should carefully be considered, as the effect on soft tissues and on prosthesis behavior is poorly reported for tilted implants. Positional changes in the dentition in relation to implant-supported restorations occur frequently. The patient should be informed about the possible need for a treatment related to these changes in the long term.


Asunto(s)
Coronas/normas , Implantación Dental Endoósea/normas , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado/normas , Fenómenos Biomecánicos , Coronas/efectos adversos , Implantación Dental Endoósea/efectos adversos , Implantación Dental Endoósea/métodos , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado/efectos adversos , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado/métodos , Restauración Dental Permanente/efectos adversos , Restauración Dental Permanente/métodos , Restauración Dental Permanente/normas , Dentadura Completa/efectos adversos , Dentadura Completa/normas , Dentadura Parcial Fija/efectos adversos , Dentadura Parcial Fija/normas , Humanos , Arcada Parcialmente Edéntula/cirugía , Boca Edéntula/cirugía , Resultado del Tratamiento
9.
J Dent ; 76: 102-108, 2018 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30004001

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a rare, genetically determined defect in enamel mineralization. Several problems are associated with AI: hypersensitivity, wear, restorations requiring replacement, gingivitis, aesthetic problems, and social avoidance. We conducted a randomized controlled trial of crown therapy in young individuals with AI showing excellent results. This study reports results from a long-term-follow-up with focus on quality, longevity and adverse events. METHODS: The RCT included 27 patients (aged 11-22 years) with severe AI in need of crown therapy and used a split-mouth technique. After placing 119 Procera® crowns and 108 IPS e.max Press crowns following randomization, we assessed longevity, quality, adverse events, and tooth sensitivity and calculated survival rates and success rates. RESULTS: We followed the original 227 crowns for 4.3-7.4 years (mean 5.5 ±â€¯0.8). In all, 79% (193) crowns were followed for at least 5 years. The survival rate was 99.6% and the success rate, 94.7%; 95% of the crowns had excellent or acceptable quality. Due to suboptimal marginal integrity, 4% of the crowns required adjustment. Sensitivity problems decreased after crown therapy (p < 0.001). All adverse events occurred in patients aged 19-23 years and involved apical periodontitis (3% of teeth); all but two events were related to dental trauma in the actual tooth. CONCLUSIONS: Ceramic crown therapy in adolescents and young adults with severe forms of AI show excellent survival and success rates and longevity with few adverse events. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Ceramic crown therapy can be recommended for adolescents and young adults with severe forms of amelogenesis imperfecta.


Asunto(s)
Amelogénesis Imperfecta , Coronas , Sensibilidad de la Dentina , Adolescente , Adulto , Amelogénesis Imperfecta/complicaciones , Amelogénesis Imperfecta/terapia , Cerámica , Niño , Coronas/normas , Porcelana Dental/normas , Femenino , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Masculino , Periodontitis Periapical/etiología , Adulto Joven
10.
J Prosthet Dent ; 120(4): 525-529, 2018 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29627209

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Marginal discrepancy is key to evaluating the accuracy of fixed dental prostheses. An improved method of evaluating marginal discrepancy is needed. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the absolute marginal discrepancy of ceramic crowns fabricated using conventional and digital methods with a digital method for the quantitative evaluation of absolute marginal discrepancy. The novel method was based on 3-dimensional scanning, iterative closest point registration techniques, and reverse engineering theory. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six standard tooth preparations for the right maxillary central incisor, right maxillary second premolar, right maxillary second molar, left mandibular lateral incisor, left mandibular first premolar, and left mandibular first molar were selected. Ten conventional ceramic crowns and 10 CEREC crowns were fabricated for each tooth preparation. A dental cast scanner was used to obtain 3-dimensional data of the preparations and ceramic crowns, and the data were compared with the "virtual seating" iterative closest point technique. Reverse engineering software used edge sharpening and other functional modules to extract the margins of the preparations and crowns. Finally, quantitative evaluation of the absolute marginal discrepancy of the ceramic crowns was obtained from the 2-dimensional cross-sectional straight-line distance between points on the margin of the ceramic crowns and the standard preparations based on the circumferential function module along the long axis. RESULTS: The absolute marginal discrepancy of the ceramic crowns fabricated using conventional methods was 115 ±15.2 µm, and 110 ±14.3 µm for those fabricated using the digital technique was. ANOVA showed no statistical difference between the 2 methods or among ceramic crowns for different teeth (P>.05). CONCLUSIONS: The digital quantitative evaluation method for the absolute marginal discrepancy of ceramic crowns was established. The evaluations determined that the absolute marginal discrepancies were within a clinically acceptable range. This method is acceptable for the digital evaluation of the accuracy of complete crowns.


Asunto(s)
Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Coronas , Adaptación Marginal Dental , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Cerámica/uso terapéutico , Diseño Asistido por Computadora/normas , Coronas/normas , Diseño de Prótesis Dental/métodos , Diseño de Prótesis Dental/normas , Humanos , Imagenología Tridimensional/métodos , Técnicas In Vitro
11.
Braz Oral Res ; 32: e001, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29364328

RESUMEN

This study aimed to compare the vertical marginal gap of teeth restored with lithium disilicate crowns fabricated using CAD/CAM or by pressed ceramic approach. Twenty mandibular third molar teeth were collected after surgical extractions and prepared to receive full veneer crowns. Teeth were optically scanned and lithium disilicate blocks were used to fabricate crowns using CAD/CAM technique. Polyvinyl siloxane impressions of the prepared teeth were made and monolithic pressed lithium disilicate crowns were fabricated. The marginal gap was measured using optical microscope at 200× magnification (Keyence VHX-5000, Japan). Statistical analysis was performed using Wilcoxon test. The lithium disilicate pressed crowns had significantly smaller (p = 0.006) marginal gaps (38 ± 12 µm) than the lithium disilicate CAD/CAM crowns (45 ± 12 µm). This research indicates that lithium disilicate crowns fabricated with the press technique have measurably smaller marginal gaps compared with those fabricated with CAD/CAM technique within in vitro environments. The marginal gaps achieved by the crowns across all groups were within a clinically acceptable range.


Asunto(s)
Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Coronas/normas , Técnica de Impresión Dental , Adaptación Marginal Dental/normas , Porcelana Dental/química , Materiales de Impresión Dental , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Humanos , Ensayo de Materiales , Estándares de Referencia , Valores de Referencia , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Estadísticas no Paramétricas
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e001, 2018. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-889461

RESUMEN

Abstract: This study aimed to compare the vertical marginal gap of teeth restored with lithium disilicate crowns fabricated using CAD/CAM or by pressed ceramic approach. Twenty mandibular third molar teeth were collected after surgical extractions and prepared to receive full veneer crowns. Teeth were optically scanned and lithium disilicate blocks were used to fabricate crowns using CAD/CAM technique. Polyvinyl siloxane impressions of the prepared teeth were made and monolithic pressed lithium disilicate crowns were fabricated. The marginal gap was measured using optical microscope at 200× magnification (Keyence VHX-5000, Japan). Statistical analysis was performed using Wilcoxon test. The lithium disilicate pressed crowns had significantly smaller (p = 0.006) marginal gaps (38 ± 12 μm) than the lithium disilicate CAD/CAM crowns (45 ± 12 μm). This research indicates that lithium disilicate crowns fabricated with the press technique have measurably smaller marginal gaps compared with those fabricated with CAD/CAM technique within in vitro environments. The marginal gaps achieved by the crowns across all groups were within a clinically acceptable range.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Técnica de Impresión Dental , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Adaptación Marginal Dental/normas , Coronas/normas , Porcelana Dental/química , Estándares de Referencia , Valores de Referencia , Ensayo de Materiales , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Estadísticas no Paramétricas , Materiales de Impresión Dental
13.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 148(9): 654-660, 2017 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28601188

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The authors evaluated and quantified clinically detectable errors commonly seen in impressions sent to commercial laboratories and determined possible relationships between finish line errors and other factors involved. METHODS: The authors visited 3 large and 1 small commercial dental laboratories over a 12-month period. Three calibrated examiners evaluated the impressions. The examiners evaluated all impressions for errors by using ×2.5 magnification loupes under ambient room lighting without the aid of additional illumination. RESULTS: The authors evaluated 1,157 impressions; 86% of the examined impressions had at least 1 detectable error, and 55% of the noted errors were critical errors pertaining to the finish line. The largest single error categories evaluated were tissue over the finish line (49.09%), lack of unprepared stops in dual-arch impressions (25.63%), pressure of the tray on the soft tissue (25.06%), and void at the finish line (24.38%). The factors blood on the impression (odds ratio, 2.31; P < .001) and tray type (odds ratio, 1.68; P < .001) were associated significantly with finish line errors. CONCLUSIONS: Marginal discrepancies made up the largest category of error noted in impressions evaluated. The authors noted an increase in errors at the finish line with dual-arch impression techniques and in the presence of blood. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Dentists have ethical, moral, and legal obligations bestowed on them by the profession and need to evaluate critically the work they send to laboratories. The authors strongly recommend an improvement in technique and reviewing of all impressions and working casts.


Asunto(s)
Coronas , Técnica de Impresión Dental/normas , Coronas/normas , Dentadura Parcial Fija/normas , Humanos , Laboratorios Odontológicos/estadística & datos numéricos
14.
J Prosthet Dent ; 117(2): 226-232, 2017 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27765396

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Studies evaluating anterior zirconia-based crowns are limited. PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective cohort clinical study was to assess the efficacy of zirconia-based anterior maxillary crowns with 0.3-mm customized copings at the cervical third and anatomical design elsewhere for up to 5 years of service. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen participants who required an anterior maxillary crown (n=20) and who had signed a consent form approved by the University of Washington Health Sciences Center Human Subjects Division were enrolled. All preparations were standardized and prepared with an occlusal reduction of 1.5 to 2 mm and an axial reduction of 1 to 1.5 mm with 10 degrees of convergence angle. All finish lines were located on the sound tooth structure. Zirconia copings (Lava; 3M ESPE) were custom designed and milled to a 0.3-mm thickness at the cervical third and with selective thickness elsewhere to support the veneering porcelain. All restorations were luted with self-etching self-adhesive composite resin cement. Recall appointments were at 2 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months, and annually thereafter for 5 years. Modified Ryge criteria were used to assess the clinical fracture measurements, esthetics, marginal discoloration, marginal adaptation, radiographic proximal recurrent caries, and periapical pathoses. Descriptive statistics and 95% confidence intervals were used to describe the number and rate of complications and self-reported satisfaction with the crowns. RESULTS: Twenty crowns with a mean follow-up of 58.7 months were evaluated. All crowns were rated as Alfa for fracture measurements (smooth surface, no fracture/chipping). Twelve crowns were rated esthetically as Romeo (no mismatch in color and shade) and 8 as Sierra (mismatch in color and shade within normal range). Twelve crowns were rated as Alfa (no visible evidence of crevice) and 8 as Bravo (visible evidence of crevice, no penetration of explorer) for marginal integrity. Nineteen were rated as Alfa (no discoloration) and 1 as Bravo (superficial discoloration) for marginal discoloration. No proximal caries or periapical pathoses were detected in 5 years. Participants were highly satisfied with their crowns after 5 years (mean ±SD: 9.8 ±0.4 on 0 to 10 scale). CONCLUSIONS: Zirconia-based anterior maxillary crowns with customized copings with 0.3-mm thickness at the cervical third and zirconia margins performed well after 5 years of service.


Asunto(s)
Coronas , Circonio/uso terapéutico , Adulto , Anciano , Coronas/efectos adversos , Coronas/normas , Caries Dental/diagnóstico por imagen , Caries Dental/etiología , Adaptación Marginal Dental , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxilar , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Coloración de Prótesis , Radiografía Dental
15.
Bauru; s.n; 2017. 84 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Tesis en Inglés | BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-879732

RESUMEN

Afirmação do problema. A integridade marginal de coroas monolíticas é um fator essencial para sua longevidade. Devido a ampla aplicação dos sistemas CAD-CAM disponíveis, a avaliação da precisão de sua produção é de grande interesse clínico. Finalidade. Avaliação do lascamento marginal de coroas monolíticas de dissilicato de lítio produzidas por quatro sistemas CAD-CAM diferentes. Material e métodos. Foram selecionados quatro sitemas CAD-CAM: Ceramill (Ceramill Motion 2), Cerec (Cerec inLab MC XL), EDG (CAM5-S1 SmartDent) e Zirkonzahn (M5 Heavy). Um primeiro molar inferior artificial foi preparado para coroa total, duplicado em gesso, digitalizado e a coroa foi projetada seguindo parâmetros padronizados. Dez coroas de dissilicato de lítio (IPS e.max CAD) foram fresadas por grupo. Para cada grupo o sistema foi utilizado em sua totalidade: scanner, software do design e unidade de fresagem. Imagens foram obtidas usando o estereomicroscópio Stemi 2000-C (Zeiss), sobrepostas (programa Adobe Photoshop CS6) e medidas do perímetro marginal e área de lascamento foram realizadas (programa ImageJ). Para avaliar o grau de lascamento da margem, o Fator de Lascamento (FL) de cada coroa foi calculado e os dados foram submetidos ao teste de Kruskal-Wallis, seguido pelo método de Dunn (p < 0,05). Resultados. Com base nos valores médios absolutos e DP, o FL dos grupos Ceramill (14,5 ± 8,3) e Cerec (13,4 ± 9,4) foram estatisticamente maiores do que os grupos EDG (3,4 ± 1,2) e Zirkonzahn (2,8 ± 1,3). Conclusão. Os dados demonstraram a influência dos parâmetros selecionados durante o design, das configurações e ferramentas de confecção dos sistemas CAD / CAM sobre a integridade marginal das coroas monolíticas.(AU)


Statement of the problem. The marginal integrity of monolithic crowns is an essential factor for longevity. Due to the wide application of CAD/CAM systems, evaluation of production accuracy is of great clinical interest. Purpose. Evaluating the marginal chipping of monolithic lithium disilicate crowns produced by four different CAD-CAM systems. Material and methods. Four CAD-CAM systems were selected: Ceramill (Ceramill Motion 2), Cerec (Cerec inLab MC XL), EDG (CAM5-S1 SmartDent) and Zirkonzahn (M5 Heavy). An artificial lower first molar was prepared for a full crown, duplicated in plaster, scanned and a crown was designed following standardized parameters. Ten lithium disilicate crowns (IPS e.max CAD) per group were milled. Images were obtained using a scanning stereomicroscope Stemi 2000-C (Zeiss), overlapped (Adobe Photoshop CS6 software) and measurents of the marginal perimeter and chipping area were performed (ImageJ software). To evaluate the degree of marginal chipping, the Chipping Factor (CF) of each crown was calculated and the data were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis One-way test followed by Dunn's method (p< 0.05). Results. Based on SD and absolute mean values, the CF of Ceramill (14,5 ± 8,3) and Cerec (13,4 ± 9,4) groups was statistically higher than EDG (3,4 ± 1,2) and Zirkonzahn (2,8 ± 1,3). Conclusion. The data demonstrated the influence of selected parameters during the design, parameters settings and manufacturing tools of CAD/CAM systems on the marginal integrity of monolithic crowns.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Coronas/normas , Porcelana Dental/química , Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Adaptación Marginal Dental , Ensayo de Materiales , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Estadísticas no Paramétricas
16.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 40(5): 345-52, 2016.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27617373

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the clinical performance of indirect resin composite onlays (IRC onlay) compared to stainless steel crowns (SSCs), as an esthetic alternative for rehabilitation of extensively carious primary molars. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty pediatric patients each received either IRC onlay or SSC randomly on extensively carious endodontically treated primary molars. All the restorations were evaluated at baseline and then every 6 months till 36 months using 'modified FDI criteria' for retention, marginal integrity, occlusion, proximal contact, secondary caries and gingival health. The dental chair side treatment time and post-operative acceptability were also evaluated for both the groups. RESULTS: The cumulative survival rate of IRC onlays was 82.9% compared to 90.7% for SSCs over a time period of 36 months. The difference between the two study groups at various time intervals in terms of retention, marginal integrity, secondary caries, proximal contact, occlusion and gingival health was not statistically significant (p>0.05). The IRC onlays required significantly less mean chair side treatment time and were preferred the most by parents and children as per VAS scores compared to SSCs. CONCLUSION: IRC onlays are an acceptable esthetic alternative to SSCs and may be considered for use in aesthetically conscious children/parents as per their preference.


Asunto(s)
Resinas Compuestas/química , Coronas , Aleaciones Dentales/química , Caries Dental/terapia , Materiales Dentales/química , Incrustaciones , Diente Molar/patología , Acero Inoxidable/química , Diente Primario/patología , Actitud Frente a la Salud , Niño , Preescolar , Coronas/normas , Caries Dental/etiología , Adaptación Marginal Dental , Oclusión Dental , Retención de Prótesis Dentales , Estética Dental , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos , Incrustaciones/normas , Índice Periodontal , Recurrencia , Propiedades de Superficie , Análisis de Supervivencia , Factores de Tiempo , Diente no Vital/terapia
17.
J Dent Educ ; 80(8): 1004-11, 2016 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27480712

RESUMEN

The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the feasibility of a new tooth preparation assessment software, Preppr, as an educational tool for dental students in achieving optimal parameters for a crown preparation. In February 2015, 30 dental students in their fourth year in a five-year undergraduate dental curriculum in New Zealand were randomly selected from a pool of volunteers (N=40) out of the total class of 85. The participants were placed into one of three groups of ten students each: Group A, the control group, received only written and pictorial instructions; Group B received tutor evaluation and feedback; and Group C performed self-directed learning with the aid of Preppr. Each student was asked to prepare an all-ceramic crown on the lower first molar typodont within three hours and to repeat the exercise three times over the next four weeks. The exercise stipulated a 1 mm finish line dimension and total convergence angles (TOC) between 10 and 20 degrees. Fulfillment of these parameters was taken as an acceptable preparation. The results showed that Group C had the highest percentage of students who achieved minimum finish line dimensions and acceptable TOC angles. Those students also achieved the stipulated requirements earlier than the other groups. This study's findings provide promising data on the feasibility of using Preppr as a self-directed educational tool for students training to prepare dental crowns.


Asunto(s)
Coronas , Evaluación Educacional/métodos , Preparación Protodóncica del Diente , Instrucción por Computador/métodos , Coronas/normas , Educación en Odontología/métodos , Educación en Odontología/normas , Humanos , Proyectos Piloto , Programas Informáticos , Preparación Protodóncica del Diente/normas
18.
J Prosthet Dent ; 116(4): 551-557, 2016 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27422237

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Although the number of lithium disilicate crowns fabricated with computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) technology has increased, the accuracy of the prostheses produced by using digital pathways remains unknown. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare marginal and internal discrepancies of lithium disilicate crowns fabricated from digital and conventional impressions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A typodont mandibular first molar was prepared for a lithium disilicate crown, and 20 duplicate dies were fabricated by milling poly(methyl methacrylate) resin blocks from laboratory scans. Four groups of 5 lithium disilicate crowns each were created by using a CS3500 (Carestream Dental) intraoral digital impression; Trios (3shape) intraoral digital impression; Ceramill Map400 (Amann Girrbach) extraoral digital impression; and a heat-press technique as a control group. All of the IPS e.max CAD (Ivoclar Vivadent AG) crowns were produced using a 5-axis milling engine (Ceramill Motion2). The lithium disilicate crowns were cemented with zinc phosphate cement under finger pressure. Marginal and internal discrepancies were measured using micro-computed tomography (SkyScan1172). One-way ANOVAs with the Tukey honest significant differences test were used for statistical analysis of the data (α=.05). RESULTS: The mean marginal discrepancies of CS3500 lithium disilicate crowns were 129.6 µm, 200.9 µm for Ceramill Map400, and 207.8 µm 176.1 µm for the heat-press technique; and the internal discrepancy volumes for CS3500 were 25.3 mm3, 40.7 mm3 for Trios, 29.1 mm3 for Ceramill Map400, and 29.1 and 31.4 mm3 for the heat-press technique. The CS3500 group showed a significantly better marginal discrepancy than the other 3 groups and a smaller internal discrepancy volume than the Trios group (P<.05). CONCLUSIONS: Significant differences were found between IPS e.max CAD crowns produced using 2 intraoral digital impressions, whereas no differences were found between IPS e.max CAD crowns produced from an extraoral digital impression and IPS e.max Press crowns produced using a heat-press technique.


Asunto(s)
Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Coronas , Técnica de Impresión Dental , Porcelana Dental/uso terapéutico , Diseño de Prótesis Dental/métodos , Microtomografía por Rayos X/métodos , Coronas/normas , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Resinas Sintéticas/uso terapéutico
19.
Implant Dent ; 25(5): 624-8, 2016 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27356198

RESUMEN

AIM: To evaluate the resistance to axial forces of screw-retained monolithic high translucency zirconia (mHTZr) crowns compared with high translucency zirconia + feldspathic ceramic (HTZrC) crowns, low translucency zirconia + feldspathic ceramic (LTZrC) crowns, and metal-ceramic (MC) crowns, and also to observe the different fracture patterns between all groups. METHODS: Twenty-four crowns were fabricated (6 of each group) and loaded until failure, using a testing machine with a 5.0-kN load cell. RESULTS: Mean fracture results varied between 1092.7 N (LTZrC group) and 3439.7 N (mHTZr group). No statistically significant differences were found between the HTZrC, LTZrC, and MC groups. However, statistically significant differences (P < 0.05) were found between mHTZr and the other 3 groups. In the MC group, only chipping of the ceramic veneering occurred. In the mHTZr group, when fracturing occurred, it was of the whole structure. Finally, the LTZrC and HTZrC groups suffered both chipping and core fractures. CONCLUSION: High translucency monolithic zirconia implant-supported crowns proved to be the toughest group studied when an axial force was applied. Fracture patterns varied between different materials, chipping being the most common occurrence.


Asunto(s)
Coronas , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Fracaso de la Restauración Dental , Cerámica , Coronas/normas , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado/efectos adversos , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado/normas , Análisis del Estrés Dental , Humanos , Circonio
20.
J Prosthet Dent ; 116(3): 375-81, 2016 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27086105

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Different instruments have been developed to improve crown finish lines after conventional preparation with diamond rotary instruments. However, more evidence on the effectiveness of these instruments is required. PURPOSE OF STUDY: The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess the effectiveness of 4 different instruments used for cervical margin finishing in regard to the external line angle (ELA). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-eight freshly extracted third molar teeth with similar dimensions were conventionally prepared for crowns and randomly allocated into 4 groups (n=12) according to the finishing instrument: hand trimmer (HT), tungsten carbide bur (TCB), ultrasonic instrument (UI), and diamond rotary instrument (DRI) mounted in a contra angle handpiece with reduced speed. Photomicrographs from the margin profiles of each tooth were obtained with scanning electron microscopy (×40) before and after finishing procedures. The images were qualitatively analyzed (scores 1-4) by 9 experienced dental professionals. Average results were assessed with the paired t test and repeated measures ANOVA followed by Tukey HSD test (α=.05). RESULTS: HT, TCB, and UI demonstrated no significant differences between unfinished and finished mean ELA scores. DRI was the only group to demonstrate a significantly improved ELA (P<.001). Except for HT in relation to TCB (P=.989), all the other groups demonstrated statistically significant different ELA scores. CONCLUSION: DRI mounted in a contra angle handpiece was the only finishing instrument capable of significantly improving the ELA, while TCB and UI produced nonsignificant improvement, and HT was detrimental to the ELA.


Asunto(s)
Coronas , Pulido Dental/métodos , Diseño de Prótesis Dental/métodos , Coronas/normas , Pulido Dental/instrumentación , Diseño de Prótesis Dental/instrumentación , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Microscopía Electrónica de Rastreo
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