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1.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 41(1): 33-36, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860483

RESUMEN

AIM: The aim was to establish a correlation between burnout and lack of empowerment in associate degree nursing faculty and their creativity in the classroom. METHOD: A descriptive, quantitative research study was completed. An email with a survey link was sent to members of the National Organization for Associate Degree Nursing asking for anonymous, voluntary participation and inviting members to forward to additional faculty; 217 participants completed the survey in its entirety. Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression tests were completed on the data. RESULTS: Statistically significant (personal burnout, p = .004; work burnout, p = .003; student burnout, p = .000) relationships were found between burnout and creativity. No relationship was established between lack of empowerment and creativity. CONCLUSION: Nursing faculty who perceived feelings of burnout were less motivated or engaged in their workplace, including interactions with students, which was directly correlated to a decrease in perceived feelings of creativity.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Creatividad , Docentes de Enfermería , Estudios Transversales , Docentes de Enfermería/psicología , Humanos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Lugar de Trabajo
2.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova ; 119(11): 128-132, 2019.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851184

RESUMEN

In some cases, a variety of creative abilities appear in patients with Parkinson's disease receiving dopaminergic therapy. These are the creativity of thinking, unusual motivation and efficiency, which are not inherent to the patients before. The author considers a spectrum of these changes, as well as their possible pathobiochemical and pathophysiological basis. The connection between creativity in art and impulsive-compulsive disorders is discussed. Specific personality traits, type of temperament and emotional stability can play a significant role in the development of creative abilities. It is important to recognize and control the severity of the creative potential of patients with Parkinson's disease, improving the quality of life, and to increase self-esteem, psychological attitude and social adaptation among these patients preventing the excesses of this process.


Asunto(s)
Creatividad , Enfermedad de Parkinson , Humanos , Conducta Impulsiva , Enfermedad de Parkinson/psicología , Calidad de Vida , Temperamento
4.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 40(6): E19-E21, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644460

RESUMEN

Many health care education programs, particularly those in Taiwan, have begun offering capstone product-based curricula, not only to improve nursing students' problem-solving skills but also to foster creativity and innovation regarding health care issues. This study used a cross-sectional quantitative design to explore the efficacy of teaching for creativity among nurse faculty in Taiwan. Results showed knowledge of intellectual property rights was low, as was ability to creatively evaluate trademark and patent designs. Curiosity was the main predictor associated with self-efficacy of teaching for creativity.


Asunto(s)
Creatividad , Docentes de Enfermería/psicología , Autoeficacia , Enseñanza , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Estudiantes de Enfermería/psicología , Taiwán
5.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(3): 311-321, 2019.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570662

RESUMEN

Edvard Munch was a Norwegian expressionist painter. His painting The Scream is one of the most wellknown visual art in the world. His works present psychologically significant topics such as anxiety, love, illness, and death. He was capable of displaying social and personal uncertainties and tensions in his artworks. In order to get to know the psychological functioning of his creativity, we used a special case study method of personality research - psychobiography - which aims to analyze the lives of culturally significant individuals through psychological theories and research. The focus of the publication was on The Frieze of Life series, which according to the creator, most express his artistic concept and his message. To interpret his creativity, we used the theory of Winnicott, Klein, and existential psychology. We especially emphasize the role of potential space, reparation and the benefits of the consciousness of death. According to our results, Munch kept the anxiety and tension caused by early object-relation disturbances under control with artistic sublimation and it was also the driving force for his artistic activity. However, the sublimation activity could not solve the internal tensions in the long run, which eventually led to a collapse.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad , Creatividad , Muerte , Amor , Pinturas/historia , Pinturas/psicología , Personajes , Historia del Siglo XIX , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Masculino , Teoría Psicológica
7.
Psico USF ; 24(3): 555-568, jul.-set. 2019. tab, il
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040769

RESUMEN

O presente estudo teve como objetivo, investigar a relação entre estilos de pensar e criar, bem-estar, saúde percebida e estresse na terceira idade. Para isso, 123 idosos (98 mulheres e 25 homens), com idades entre 60 a 90 anos (M=68,35; DP=7,4) responderam a Escala de Estilos de Pensar e Criar, Escala de Saúde Mental Positiva, Escala de Estresse Percebido e um questionário sociodemográfico. Análises de ρ de Spearman e uma rede de correlações parciais regularizadas foram utilizadas para investigar as relações entre os construtos avaliados. Os resultados mostraram que os estilos que mais se relacionaram, de forma positiva, com as variáveis de saúde, bem-estar e estresse foram os estilos inconformista-transformador e emocional-intuitivo. As características de tais estilos podem ser incentivadas de modo a atuarem como fatores positivos para a qualidade de vida na maturidade. (AU)


The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between thinking and creating styles, well-being, perceived health, and stress in a sample of older adults. The sample was composed of 123 individuals (98 women and 25 men), aged from 60 to 90 years (M = 68.35, SD=7.4), who answered the Thinking and Creating Scales, Positive Mental Health Scale, Perceived Stress Scale and a sociodemographic questionnaire. Spearman's ρ analyzes and a network of regularized partial correlations were used to investigate the relationships between the variables. We concluded that the styles that most positively related to the variables of health, well-being and stress are Nonconformist-transforming and Emotional-intuitive styles. The characteristics of such styles can be encouraged to act as positive factors for quality of life at maturity. (AU)


El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar la relación entre estilos de pensar y crear, bienestar, estrés y salud percibida en la vejez. La muestra fue compuesta por 123 ancianos (98 mujeres y 25 hombres), de 60 a 90 años (M = 68,35, DE = 7,4) los cuales respondieron la Escala de Estilos de Pensar y Crear, Escala de Estrés Percibido, Escala de Salud Mental Positiva y un cuestionario sociodemográfico. Los análisis de ρ de Spearman y una red de correlaciones parciales regularizadas, fueran utilizadas para investigar las relaciones entre los constructos evaluados. Se concluye que los estilos que más se relacionaron de forma positiva con las variables de salud, bienestar y estrés son los estilos Inconformista-transformador y Emocional-intuitivo. Las características de estos estilos pueden ser incentivadas para actuar como factores positivos en la calidad de vida en la vejez. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Salud del Anciano , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Cognición , Creatividad
8.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(3): 594-607, jul.-set. 2019. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1021512

RESUMEN

A experiência relatada neste artigo envolveu a elaboração e aplicação do ImunoDAI, um jogo de cartas desenvolvido por alunos e professores do curso de Medicina para abordar o conteúdo técnico de vinte Doenças Autoimunes (DAI). As DAI compreendem numerosas doenças com diferentes apresentações clínicas que compartilham uma etiologia complexa, porém comum, representada pela resposta imunológica contra autoantígenos. O ImunoDAI trata-se de um jogo produzido coletivamente que, enquanto recurso pedagógico, possibilitou o trabalho com as DAI por meio da elaboração de quatro cartas contendo informações sobre as principais causas da doença; imunopatogênese; sinais e sintomas; diagnóstico e tratamento. A utilização do jogo facilitou a fixação dos conteúdos e favoreceu o processo de ensino-aprendizagem ao permitir múltiplas interações, promover a aprendizagem dos conteúdos, desenvolver autonomia, criatividade, cooperação mútua, discussões e tomadas de decisões, habilidades indispensáveis aos futuros médicos.


The experience reported in this article involved the development and application of ImmunoDAI, a card game developed by students and professors of the medical course to address the technical content of twenty autoimmune diseases (DAI). The DAI comprise numerous diseases with different clinical presentations that share a complex but common etiology represented by the immune response against autoantigens. The ImunoDAI is a collectively produced game that, as a pedagogical resource, made possible the work with the DAI through the elaboration of four letters containing information about the main causes of the disease; immunopathogenesis; signals and symptoms; diagnosis and treatment. The use of the game facilitated the fixing of contents and favored the teaching-learning process by allowing multiple interactions, promoting content learning, developing autonomy, creativity, cooperation, discussions and decision making, skills that are indispensable for future doctors.


A experiencia relatada en este artículo involucró la elaboración y aplicación del ImunoDAI, un juego de cartas desarrollado por alumnos y profesores del curso de Medicina para abordar el contenido técnico de veinte Enfermedades autoinmunes (DAI). Las DAI comprenden numerosas enfermedades con diferentes presentaciones clínicas que comparten una etiología compleja, pero común, representada por la respuesta inmunológica contra autoantígenos. El ImunoDAI es un juego producido colectivamente que, en cuanto recurso pedagógico, posibilitó el trabajo con las DAI por medio de la elaboración de cuatro cartas conteniendo informaciones sobre las principales causas de la enfermedad; inmunopatogenia; signos y síntomas; diagnóstico y tratamiento. La utilización del juego facilitó la fijación de los contenidos y favoreció el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje al permitir múltiples interacciones, promover el aprendizaje de los contenidos, desarrollar autonomía, creatividad, cooperación, discusiones y tomas de decisiones, habilidades indispensables para los futuros médicos.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Juego e Implementos de Juego , Enfermedades Autoinmunes , Alergia e Inmunología , Materiales Educativos y de Divulgación , Aprendizaje , Estudiantes de Medicina , Enseñanza , Materiales de Enseñanza , Universidades , Creatividad , Educación Superior , Toma de Decisiones , Investigación Cualitativa
9.
Soins Psychiatr ; 40(323): 35-38, 2019.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402038

RESUMEN

A plastic arts workshop makes no claims to provide therapeutic benefits. Patients are invited to attend without any clear objectives. This occupational activity soon becomes rooted in the care approach. Supported by the nurse, patients draw on their creativity and express a shared pleasure for artistic production. The story of Cyrille conveys a real journey, a vehicle for mental reconstruction, towards the path of possibilities.


Asunto(s)
Terapia con Arte/métodos , Trastornos Mentales/terapia , Creatividad , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Plásticos , Placer
10.
Percept Mot Skills ; 126(6): 1058-1083, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407960

RESUMEN

The controlled measurement of creative potential in early childhood is imperative for researchers seeking to fully understand the initial emergence and development of creativity. Evidence for original ideation has been demonstrated in infants as young as one year old, through their performance of movement-based, interactive creativity tasks. In this focused review of developmental research, we suggest that embodied movements and interactive play may uniquely facilitate creative thinking in early childhood (i.e., from birth to age six). From this review, we propose that embodied movement reinforces physical interactions that influence cognitions underlying creative behavior. Embodied creativity may supplement traditional creativity measures, as young children may be more inclined to represent their inner thoughts and experiences through movement rather than through language alone. Thus, we explored the importance of embodied creativity as a means of informing current researchers about the development of creativity, and we suggest future experimental research in this area.


Asunto(s)
Desarrollo Infantil , Cognición , Creatividad , Movimiento , Niño , Preescolar , Función Ejecutiva , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Relaciones Interpersonales , Masculino , Desempeño Psicomotor , Pensamiento
12.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 87-97, 2019.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417000

RESUMEN

The study focuses on two features of Sylvia Plath's poetry that may be directly linked to her illness, her mask poetry and her female Bildung, where the former is informed by her sense of plural selfhood, while the latter gives account of the failures of her creative self-constructions. Although no direct connection can be set up between life and work even in the case of a confessional poet, it is probably safe to claim that multiple personality may manifest in a plural poetic self, while the Self developing in Bildung narratives contradicts the idea of a split personality. Enikô Bollobás explores the heteroclite diversity of artistic vision through discussing the pluralism of poetic masks and identities, insisting that, in the spirit of late modernism, no self-interpretive frame exists for Plath, one that would hold together the diverse identities. The long poems and poem cycles give narratives of female Bildung, portraying the woman's diverse attempts to break out of the traps of patriarchy; some of these are failed attempts, yet others offer allegories of the poet's creative self-constructions.


Asunto(s)
Personajes , Trastornos Mentales/historia , Poesía como Asunto/historia , Creatividad , Femenino , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos
13.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 172-182, 2019.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417006

RESUMEN

An increasing number of studies deal with the potential correspondence between suicidal behaviour and creativity nowadays. Psychobiographical analysis of the life of well known artists may help the better understanding of this phenomenon. In the present study predictive and protective factors of suicide are presented through the case of the well known suicidal poet and writer, Sylvia Plath. The most important predictive factors of suicide in her case are: affective disorder, comorbid anxiety disorder, prior attempt of suicide, and also her seriously affected personality, that mainly appears in her affective dependence. Her life events, both causes and effects of these, are also predisposing suicide. The early loss of her father, ambivalent relation with her mother and her marriage foredoomed to failure are the most significant of them. Although she used to write since her early childhood, the constant fluctuation of her psychological state had serious effect on her ability to write and also her motivation, both being an additional source of stress, due to her performance pressure. The fear of the acceptance of her works could also lay to increased amount of stress and anxiety on her sensitive personality. Her tragical life events, her psychiatric illness and her relentless templets towards herself could cause such a pressing stress, that neither creation, nor motherhood (the most important protective factor for women) could predominate. Neither moving to England, nor her last confessional book, "The Bell Jar" could cure her many kind of wounds, and these factors together lead to the suicide.


Asunto(s)
Creatividad , Trastornos del Humor/historia , Trastornos del Humor/psicología , Factores Protectores , Suicidio/historia , Suicidio/psicología , Trastornos de Ansiedad/complicaciones , Femenino , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Trastornos del Humor/complicaciones , Madres/psicología , Motivación , Factores de Riesgo , Estrés Psicológico/complicaciones , Escritura/historia
14.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(2): 199-213, 2019.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417008

RESUMEN

The study deals with the psychiatric treatment of the writer with a tragic fate, Sylvia Plath. Sylvia's treatment began with electroconvulsive therapy for suicidal thoughts at the age of 20 and soon afterended up in hospital for an attempted suicide with sleeping pills to McLean Hospital.Her treatment was trusted on Doctor Ruth Beuscher with whom she's been remaining in touch directlyor indirectly (phone, mail) all her life. At the age of 30 she passed away committing suicide at her flatin London after having been treated with antidepressant for her assumably psychotic depression.In the article we provide an insight to the main therapeutic events of Sylvia's treatment and invitethe colleagues for an imaginary experiment based on modern knowledge and family system approach with a trauma focus (on theory of structural dissociation)- hoping it provides us with a conclusionto use in the treatment of suicidal patients.


Asunto(s)
Creatividad , Trastorno Depresivo/psicología , Trastorno Depresivo/terapia , Poesía como Asunto/historia , Suicidio/historia , Suicidio/psicología , Terapia Electroconvulsiva , Femenino , Pesar , Historia del Siglo XX , Humanos , Ideación Suicida , Suicidio/prevención & control
15.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1258-1262, 2019 Aug 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438127

RESUMEN

Although user participation may facilitate the realisation of IT innovations, various literature analyses show only minimal to moderate evidence for such effects possibly due to disregard of mediating factors. Against this background, this study examines the extent to which joint intrapreneurship of clinical leaders and IT leaders as well as a distinct innovation culture mediate the effect of user participation on hospitals' IT innovativeness. IT innovativeness was measured by the availability and usability of IT functions and by the perceived 'innovative power' of a hospital. An empirical model was developed and tested with data from 168 clinical leaders and IT leaders who participated pairwise in a survey representing 84 German hospitals. Three parallel mediation analyses indicated that the participation of users could only lead to IT innovativeness if they were accompanied by intrapreneurial leadership on the part of clinical directors and IT leaders and if a pronounced innovation culture prevailed.


Asunto(s)
Hospitales , Liderazgo , Innovación Organizacional , Creatividad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
17.
Pap. psicol ; 40(2): 125-132, mayo-ago. 2019. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-183642

RESUMEN

El objetivo de este estudio fue realizar una revisión sistemática en la literatura científica existente sobre la creatividad en función de la edad, haciendo especial énfasis en las diferencias que se presentan entre cada etapa evolutiva del desarrollo humano, comprobando si existe disminución de esta capacidad a lo largo de la vida. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica en las bases de datos, Web of Science, Scopus y PsycINFO, tomando en cuenta publicaciones realizadas entre 2010 y 2017 en español o inglés. Se seleccionaron 25 artículos que se analizaron en base a diferentes características como los instrumentos empleados. Los resultados muestran hetero-geneidad en los hallazgos y se discuten los resultados tratando de arrojar luz sobre la comprensión de los mismos


The objective of this study was to carry out a systematic review of the existing scientific literature on creativity based on age, with spe-cial emphasis on the differences that occur between each evolutionary stage of human development, checking whether there is a de-crease in this capacity over a lifetime. A literature review was carried out using the databases Web of Science, Scopus and PsycINFO, taking into account publications produced between 2010 and 2017 in Spanish or English. We selected 25 articles that were analyzed based on different characteristics such as the instruments used. The results show heterogeneity in the findings. We discuss the results, attempting to shed light on their interpretation


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Creatividad , Factores de Edad , Desempeño de Papel , Imaginación/fisiología , Aptitud/fisiología
18.
Brain Cogn ; 135: 103587, 2019 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326763

RESUMEN

The present study used functional magnetic resonance imagining (fMRI) to examine the role of focused attention in divergent thinking and real-life creativity. Participants completed a Navon task, on which the stimuli consisted of a large letter made up of the smaller version of the same (congruent), or a different (incongruent) letter. Participants were cued to identify a letter at either the local or at the global level. A smaller congruency effect - how much faster people responded on the congruent than on the incongruent trials - was an index of focused attention. Overall, larger behavioral congruency effect was accompanied with increased activation in the anterior superior temporal gyrus (aSTG), and with increased activation in the left precuneus. Individual differences in divergent thinking, however, were associated with smaller behavioral congruency effect, as well as with smaller right aSTG increase on the incongruent versus congruent targets, suggesting that people with better performance on the divergent thinking tests have more focused attention. Real-world creativity was not associated with the congruency effect, or with any of the regions implicated in the congruency effect. Implications and directions for future research are discussed.


Asunto(s)
Atención/fisiología , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagen , Creatividad , Pensamiento/fisiología , Adulto , Encéfalo/fisiología , Mapeo Encefálico , Femenino , Humanos , Individualidad , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Masculino , Adulto Joven
19.
Hum Mov Sci ; 67: 102505, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349179

RESUMEN

Creative (original and functional) solutions to problems can be facilitated by guiding search behavior. According to cognitive models, when solving convergent tasks (tasks with few solutions), high available working memory (WM) resources and capacity can guide creative solution emergence via repeated (persistent) search within a solution subcategory. However, no clear associations have been found of WM capacity on creative outcomes when tasks require the individual to enact solutions in divergent doing tasks. This study further tested constraints on WM resources on search behavior and creative outcomes in a convergent doing task. Novices to combat sports were asked to repeatedly strike a target with the intent to achieve an individualized target force. In order to manipulate available WM resources, every ten strikes, participants were asked to recall and then retain a sequence of 5 digits (high load group: n = 21) or 2 digits (low load group: n = 21). The task constraints favored the functionality (or appropriateness) of a qualitatively distinct, non-obvious solution. Functionality was assessed using the force registered for each strike. Originality was assessed in terms of how infrequently actions occurred. Finally, search behavior was quantified based on changes in which limb was used and changes in which part of the limb was used from one strike to the next. There were no significant effects of WM load on creativity outcomes, solution search, or task success. Rather, task success was related to efficient search and creativity. Future research should focus on constraints (other than WM resources) that promote efficient search.


Asunto(s)
Creatividad , Memoria a Corto Plazo/fisiología , Desempeño Psicomotor/fisiología , Adulto , Conducta Apetitiva/fisiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Solución de Problemas/fisiología , Deportes/fisiología
20.
Am J Occup Ther ; 73(4): 7304205110p1-7304205110p8, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318675

RESUMEN

IMPORTANCE: To further the understanding of client centeredness in the context of creativity. OBJECTIVE: This study's objective was to explore the client's uniqueness as the key motivator of creativity in the occupational therapy process using a novel assessment tool, the Creativity in Occupational Therapy Questionnaire (COTQ). Our hypothesis was as follows: "Clients and their characteristics are more important to the creativity of an occupational therapist than the occupational therapist's personality." DESIGN: This study is part of a mixed-methods study. The COTQ, consisting of five clusters of items, was pretested for clarity and reliability in a pilot study (α = .90). It was then used in an online survey of Slovenian occupational therapists. To analyze data, factor and regression analyses were used. SETTING: The survey was completed online. PARTICIPANTS: The survey was sent to all electronic addresses obtained from the Association of Occupational Therapists of Slovenia and the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Ljubljana. It was completed by 250 occupational therapists, which represented more than 40% of all Slovenian occupational therapists. RESULTS: Occupational therapists included in the study reported that clients triggered and encouraged their creativity. Both the client's uniqueness, B = .574, t(197) = 12.24, p < .01, and the occupational therapist's personality, B = .388, t(197) = 6.51, p < .01, had a statistically significant influence on creativity in the occupational therapy process. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: This study supports the importance of creativity in client-centered practice and provides a quantitative measure of this concept, which could be used in future longitudinal studies. WHAT THIS ARTICLE ADDS: This article suggests that the individual client is the most important factor in the creative process of an occupational therapist. It introduces a novel assessment tool and provides suggestions on how to facilitate a client-centered approach using creativity.


Asunto(s)
Terapeutas Ocupacionales , Terapia Ocupacional , Creatividad , Humanos , Proyectos Piloto , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
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