Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 790
Filtrar
1.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1415-1436, out.-dez. 2019.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas técnico-científicas | ID: biblio-995168

RESUMEN

Este artigo trata da disputa gerada por profissionais identificados como "psicólogos cristãos" que defendem publicamente seu direito de oferecer auxílio terapêutico com o fim de reverter a homossexualidade. Esta polêmica adquiriu contornos particulares no Brasil, onde o Conselho Federal de Psicologia desde 1999 proíbe qualquer forma de patologização da orientação sexual. Com base na literatura especializada começamos por expor, por um lado, a trajetória da homossexualidade como objeto de discurso da Psicologia e, por outro, no campo evangélico. A seguir, explicamos a conformação da Psicologia como profissão regulamentada no Brasil. Em seguida, com base em fontes documentais de caráter público, examinamos a posição do Conselho Federal de Psicologia e analisamos as disputas jurídicas travadas por psicólogos que defendem seu direito a tratar a homossexualidade como expressão de desordem moral e desvio patológico. O antagonismo que emerge na polêmica em torno da chamada "cura gay" não opõe simplesmente ciência e religião, mas envolve atores públicos capazes de se localizar estrategicamente em um ou outro campo e de fazer uso do direito em seu favor. Sua capacidade de recolocar a homossexualidade como signo de desvio moral e transtorno mental constela a política sexual como questão de peso para a democracia brasileira.(AU)


This article examines the claims of professionals identified as "Christian psychologists" who publicly defend their right to offer therapy to "reverse homosexuality". This debate took shape when "conversion therapy" was banned by the Brazilian Federal Council of Psychology in 1999. Based on specialized literature, we begin by introducing, on the one hand, the itinerary of homosexuality as object of discourse in Psychology, and in the evangelical field, on the other. And we go on explaining the process of constitution of Psychology as a regulated practice in Brazil. Then, based on public records, we examine the stand taken by the Federal Council of Psychology, and analyze the legal claims made by psychologists who defend their right to treat homosexuality as a moral offense and a mental disorder. The antagonism that emerges in the so-called "gay cure" debate does not simply oppose science and religion but involves public actors capable of strategically placing themselves in one field or the other and use the Law in their favor. Their ability to consider homosexuality as a sign of moral deviance and a mental disorder places sexual politics as a significant issue with regards to Brazilian democracy.(AU)


Este artículo aborda la disputa generada por profesionales identificados como "psicólogos cristianos" que defienden públicamente su derecho a ofrecer apoyo terapéutico con el fin de revertir la homosexualidad. Esta polémica adquirió contornos particulares en Brasil, donde el Consejo Federal de Psicología desde 1999 prohíbe cualquier forma de patologización de la orientación sexual. Basándonos en literatura especializada, comenzamos por exponer, por un lado, la trayectoria de la homosexualidad como objeto de discurso de la Psicología y, por otro, en el campo evangélico. A continuación, explicamos la conformación de la Psicología como profesión reglamentada en Brasil. Luego, basándonso en fuentes documentales de carácter público, examinamos la posición del Consejo Federal de Psicología y analizamos las disputas jurídicas entabladas por psicólogos que defienden su derecho a tratar la homosexualidad como expresión de desorden moral y desvío patológico. El antagonismo que emerge en la polémica en torno de la llamada "cura gay" no opone simplemente ciencia y religión, sino que involucra actores públicos capaces de localizarse estratégicamente en uno u otro campo y de hacer uso del derecho a su favor. Su capacidad de re-colocar la homosexualidad como signo de desvío moral y trastorno mental constela la política sexual como cuestión de peso para la democracia brasileña.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Religión y Psicología , Homosexualidad/psicología , Cristianismo/psicología , Sexualidad/psicología , Psicología
2.
J Autism Dev Disord ; 49(11): 4547-4558, 2019 Nov.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414262

RESUMEN

This study examines associations between dimensions of religiosity/spirituality (R/S) and anxiety symptoms in mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Mothers' positive ways of thinking and romantic relationship satisfaction were examined as mediators of associations. The extent to which child ASD symptom severity and maternal broad autism phenotype (BAP) behaviors predicted interactions with religious community members was also examined. Seventy-three Christian mothers of a child with ASD completed online surveys. Higher levels of spirituality were associated with viewing their child with ASD as providing a positive contribution to the family. These positive views were, in turn, associated with less anxiety symptoms. Mothers of children with more severe ASD symptoms also reported greater negative interactions with members of their congregation.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista/psicología , Cristianismo/psicología , Madres/psicología , Optimismo/psicología , Satisfacción Personal , Espiritualidad , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedad/psicología , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
4.
J Pastoral Care Counsel ; 73(1): 30-40, 2019 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30895851

RESUMEN

Voices from theology seldom participate in a contemporary conversation on military cultures and identities; this article attempts to stimulate this conversation from such a perspective. The article combines a literature review with narratives of sacrifice from real-life cases. It presents a reflective perspective on the formation of military identities with regard to responsibilities and sacrifices. Forgiveness and atonement are discussed as pathways to cultivate growth which can lessen feelings of guilt and regret.


Asunto(s)
Cristianismo/psicología , Clero/psicología , Personal Militar/psicología , Cuidado Pastoral/ética , Clero/ética , Humanos , Estrés Psicológico/psicología
5.
Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care ; 24(1): 18-23, 2019 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30747544

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: While media campaigns are documented to be useful for increasing the uptake of family planning, very little is known about the population prevalence and correlates of exposure to mass media family planning messages among post-delivery women in Nigeria. We aimed to address this void by exploring the underlying factors that explain disparities in exposure to mass media family planning messages among post-delivery women in Nigeria. METHODS: Our study was a secondary analysis of the Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, a nationally representative dataset of men and women. Using logistic regression techniques and drawing on the structural influence model of health communication, we explored post-delivery women's (N = 13,889) exposure to mass media family planning messages in Nigeria. RESULTS: We found that 32% of post-delivery women were exposed to family planning messages on mass media in Nigeria. At the bivariate level, Muslim women were less likely to be exposed to mass media family planning messages compared with Christian women (odds ratio [OR] 0.39; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.36, 0.41); however, the OR became positive once we controlled for structural determinants such as household wealth and education (OR 1.22; 95% CI 1.07, 1.40). In the multivariate analysis, we found that traditionalist women (OR 0.29; 95% CI 0.14, 0.58) and women from rural areas (OR 0.69; 95% CI 0.62, 0.76) were less likely to be exposed to such messages. Moreover, richer, better educated, and employed women were more likely to be exposed to mass media family planning messages compared with their poorer, less educated and unemployed counterparts. Similarly, living in the South West region was positively associated with higher odds of being exposed to such messages. CONCLUSION: Findings were largely consistent with the structural influence model of health communication, as highlighted by inequalities in exposure to mass media messages. Based on these findings, we provide several policy recommendations.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Planificación Familiar/estadística & datos numéricos , Comunicación en Salud , Medios de Comunicación de Masas/estadística & datos numéricos , Periodo Posparto/psicología , Educación Sexual/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Cristianismo/psicología , Demografía , Servicios de Planificación Familiar/métodos , Femenino , Humanos , Islamismo/psicología , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Nigeria , Embarazo , Educación Sexual/métodos , Adulto Joven
6.
J Pastoral Care Counsel ; 73(1): 19-29, 2019 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30661448

RESUMEN

Clergy can have a negative impact on churches and other individuals when they knowingly or unknowingly attempt to save face, that is, try to protect their standing or reputation. The desire to gain face and the fear of losing face and feeling ashamed will likely permeate clergy's decision-making processes without even being noticed. This study explores the essence of face and face management and the relationship between face management and two characteristics of servant-leadership-awareness and healing-in both Chinese and American churches through the methodology of hermeneutic phenomenology. Prior to this study, to my knowledge, no hermeneutic phenomenological research of face management has been conducted in a church setting. Through a review of the literature, four areas are explored: face and shame, face management, servant-leadership, and face, shame, and face management within the church. This study obtained approval from the Institutional Review Board and informed consent from the participants. Three Chinese and three American Christian ministers were chosen to complete a question sheet and participate in two semi-structured interview sessions. A first cycle of open coding and second cycle of pattern coding were used during data analysis. Face experiences are discussed in light of eight major themes: body, triggers, becoming, face concepts, strategies, emotions, servant-leadership, and the church. Findings from the study help build a servant-leadership and face management model, which can offer an anchored approach for clergy and pastoral counselors to address face and shame and to develop therapeutic interventions.


Asunto(s)
Cristianismo/psicología , Clero/psicología , Consejo/métodos , Liderazgo , Cuidado Pastoral/métodos , Vergüenza , Cara , Humanos , Modelos Psicológicos , Investigación Cualitativa
7.
J Pastoral Care Counsel ; 73(1): 9-18, 2019 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30651049

RESUMEN

I propose that an examination of churches with Bowen Family Systems Theory suggests that ineffective handling of anxiety within the church as a system is a main cause of conflicts within congregations. In this paper, by examining two case studies with Bowen Family Systems Theory, I demonstrate that inattention to anxiety within the church as a system is a main cause of conflicts within congregations. I will then propose pastoral strategies to address church conflicts.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/prevención & control , Cristianismo/psicología , Clero/psicología , Religión y Medicina , Espiritualidad , Humanos , Cuidado Pastoral/métodos , Apoyo Social , Teoría de Sistemas
8.
Psychiatry Res ; 272: 182-189, 2019 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30583261

RESUMEN

Studies on disordered eating behaviors (DEB) in multicultural populations with multiple religious/cultural affiliations are needed in order to clarify the relationship between cultural background and DEB. Therefore, we compared the presence of DEB among Christian and Muslim adolescents who share their school environment, controlling for the effect of body mass index, demographic variables and lifestyle habits. A sample of 493 girls and boys (339 Christian, 138 Muslim) whose mean (±SD) age was 14.8 (±1.7) years completed self-reporting questionnaires and underwent measurements of anthropometric data. Religious/cultural affiliation was defined by self-identification. The dependent variable, DEB was assessed by means of the Eating Disorders Inventory (EDI-2). Muslim girls and boys score higher than Christians on EDI-2 total scores, especially on the perfectionism subscale. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine the characteristics associated with DEB, which were detected in 24% of participants (19% of Christians and in 35% of Muslims). Among girls, DEB were directly associated with overweight or obesity, the presence of frequent quarrels with parents, academic failure and spending more than 3 h a day watching screen images. Among boys, DEB were directly associated with overweight or obesity and Muslim background; and inversely associated with age and socioeconomic status.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente/etnología , Cristianismo/psicología , Cultura , Trastornos de Alimentación y de la Ingestión de Alimentos/etnología , Islamismo/psicología , Adolescente , Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Factores de Edad , Antropometría , Índice de Masa Corporal , Conducta Alimentaria/etnología , Conducta Alimentaria/psicología , Trastornos de Alimentación y de la Ingestión de Alimentos/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Obesidad/etnología , Obesidad/psicología , Autoinforme , Factores Sexuales , Clase Social , España
9.
Evol Psychol ; 16(4): 1474704918817644, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30558444

RESUMEN

Several prominent evolutionary theories contend that religion was critical to the emergence of large-scale societies and encourages cooperation in contemporary complex groups. These theories argue that religious systems provide a reliable mechanism for finding trustworthy anonymous individuals under conditions of risk. In support, studies find that people displaying cues of religious identity are more likely to be trusted by anonymous coreligionists. However, recent research has found that displays of religious commitment can increase trust across religious divides. These findings are puzzling from the perspective that religion emerges to regulate coalitions. To date, these issues have not been investigated outside of American undergraduate samples nor have studies considered how religious identities interact with other essential group-membership signals, such as ancestry, to affect intergroup trust. Here, we address these issues and compare religious identity, ancestry, and trust among and between Christians and Hindus living in Mauritius. Ninety-seven participants rated the trustworthiness of faces, and in a modified trust game distributed money among these faces, which varied according to religious and ethnic identity. In contrast to previous research, we find that markers of religious identity increase monetary investments only among in-group members and not across religious divides. Moreover, out-group religious markers on faces of in-group ancestry decrease reported trustworthiness. These findings run counter to recent studies collected in the United States and suggest that local socioecologies influence the relationships between religion and trust. We conclude with suggestions for future research and a discussion of the challenges of conducting field experiments with remote populations.


Asunto(s)
Cristianismo/psicología , Reconocimiento Facial , Procesos de Grupo , Hinduismo/psicología , Religión y Psicología , Identificación Social , Percepción Social , Confianza/psicología , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Mauricio/etnología
10.
J Clin Psychol ; 74(11): 1938-1951, 2018 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30221353

RESUMEN

Some religious or spiritual (R/S) clients seek psychotherapy that integrates R/S values, while others may be reticent to disclose R/S-related aspects of struggles in a presumably secular setting. We meta-analyzed 97 outcome studies (N = 7,181) examining the efficacy of tailoring treatment to patients' R/S beliefs and values. We compared the effectiveness of R/S-tailored psychotherapy with no-treatment controls, alternate secular treatments, and additive secular treatments. R/S-adapted psychotherapy resulted in greater improvement in clients' psychological (g = 0.74, p < 0.000) and spiritual (g = 0.74, p < 0.000) functioning compared with no treatment and non R/S psychotherapies (psychological: g = 0.33, p < 0.001; spiritual: g = 0.43, p < 0.001). In more rigorous additive studies, R/S-accommodated psychotherapies were equally effective to standard approaches in reducing psychological distress (g = 0.13, p = 0.258), but resulted in greater spiritual well-being (g = 0.34, p < 0.000). We feature several clinical examples and conclude with evidence-based therapeutic practices.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos Mentales/terapia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Religión y Psicología , Espiritualidad , Adulto , Afroamericanos/psicología , Trastornos de Ansiedad/psicología , Trastornos de Ansiedad/terapia , Budismo/psicología , Cristianismo/psicología , Terapia Cognitivo-Conductual/métodos , Diversidad Cultural , Cultura , Trastorno Depresivo/diagnóstico , Trastorno Depresivo/psicología , Trastorno Depresivo/terapia , Femenino , Humanos , Islamismo/psicología , Masculino , Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/psicología , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/terapia
11.
Am J Psychother ; 71(3): 104-109, 2018 Nov 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30205694

RESUMEN

This study assessed the influence of Christian beliefs on attitudes toward people with mental illness. Participants (N=204) provided demographic information and completed the Christian Orthodoxy Scale, the Religious Fundamentalism Scale, and the Attitudes to Mental Illness Questionnaire. Participants read vignettes of a person with a mental illness (schizophrenia), a general medical illness (diabetes), and a control condition (practicing Christian) and rated them on five criteria representing stigmatizing attitudes. The data were analyzed by sequential multiple regression. Religious fundamentalism, but not Christian orthodoxy, was a significant predictor of stigmatizing attitudes toward a person with mental illness. Consistent with past research, neither religious fundamentalism nor Christian orthodoxy were significant predictors of stigmatizing attitudes toward a general medical illness. As predicted, both religious fundamentalism and Christian orthodoxy were significant predictors of positive attitudes toward a practicing Christian. Sensitivity and discourse regarding stigmatization and deeply held fundamental religious beliefs are needed among mental health professionals, religious leaders, and laypersons.


Asunto(s)
Actitud , Cristianismo/psicología , Enfermos Mentales , Estereotipo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estigma Social , Adulto Joven
12.
J Relig Health ; 57(5): 2013-2032, 2018 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30074125

RESUMEN

Hermeneutic phenomenology was used to illuminate the lived experience of posttraumatic, born-again conversion among members of a Neo-Charismatic Evangelical church (n = 11). Data were analyzed using a six-step process that yielded six core constituents: (1) Catalysts for transformation; (2) Courses of spiritual conversion; (3) Relationship with God; (4) Receiving the love of God; (5) Transformed by the love of God; (6) Changes in relationships. The essence of the phenomenon was confident knowing. Methodological rigor was maximized via maintenance of an audit trail and memo-writing. Findings highlight the essence of a spiritual conversion experience that is central to the faith and lives of many people, but remains poorly understood. The insights provided can build understanding of conversion among mental health providers, thereby reducing avoidance of the topic and promoting informed assistance for individuals experiencing a conversion process.


Asunto(s)
Cristianismo/psicología , Hermenéutica , Crecimiento Psicológico Postraumático , Espiritualidad , Adolescente , Adulto , Clero , Europa (Continente) , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad
13.
Theor Med Bioeth ; 39(3): 181-195, 2018 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30097763

RESUMEN

Developing the ethics of palliative sedation, particularly in contrast to terminal sedation, requires consideration of the relation between body and soul and of the nature of death and dying. Christianly considered, it also requires attention to the human vocation to immortality and hence to the relation between medicine (as aid for the body) and discipline (as aid to the soul). Leaning on Augustine's rendering of the latter, this paper provides a larger anthropological and soteriological frame of reference for the ethics of palliative sedation, organized by way of nine briefly expounded theses. It argues that palliative sedation, like other elements of medicine, is appropriate where, and only where, it properly orders care for the body to the requirements of care for the soul.


Asunto(s)
Sedación Profunda/ética , Cuidados Paliativos/ética , Actitud Frente a la Muerte , Cristianismo/psicología , Sedación Profunda/métodos , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos
14.
Theor Med Bioeth ; 39(3): 171-180, 2018 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29967981

RESUMEN

This special issue of Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics takes up the question of palliative sedation as a source of potential concern or controversy among Christian clinicians and thinkers. Christianity affirms a duty to relieve unnecessary suffering yet also proscribes euthanasia. Accordingly, the question arises as to whether it is ever morally permissible to render dying patients unconscious in order to relieve their suffering. If so, under what conditions? Is this practice genuinely morally distinguishable from euthanasia? Can one ever aim directly at making a dying person unconscious, or is it only permissible to tolerate unconsciousness as an unintended side effect of treating specific symptoms? What role does the rule of double effect play in making such decisions? Does spiritual or psychological suffering ever justify sedation to unconsciousness? What are the theological and spiritual aspects of such care? This introduction describes how the authors in this special issue wrestle with such questions and shows how each essay relates to the author's individual position on palliative sedation, as developed in greater detail within his contribution.


Asunto(s)
Sedación Profunda/métodos , Cuidado Terminal/ética , Cristianismo/psicología , Sedación Profunda/normas , Ética Médica , Humanos , Suicidio Asistido/ética , Suicidio Asistido/psicología , Cuidado Terminal/métodos
15.
S Afr J Commun Disord ; 65(1): e1-e6, 2018 Jun 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29943585

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND:  A patient-orientated approach in medical clinical practice is emerging where patients and practitioners are considering and including the spiritual, emotional and psychosocial aspects of the individual. This practice is an important change in health care, specifically in the field of audiology as a holistic view of the patient now alters the perspective on the management of individuals with hearing impairments. Objectives: This article explored the experiences of a participant who reported supernatural healing of his sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Hence, this study focuses on the consideration of spirituality in the inclusive model of care. Method: An exploratory, qualitative narrative inquiry was used to obtain data from a single pilot case study of a 27-year-old man who reported healing of his permanent profound hearing loss. Results: Four themes were identified within the narrative obtained: prayer and faith, deaf culture, identity and purpose. The participant stated that he believed that he was partially healed to fulfil his purpose in life. The partial healing allowed him to belong to the deaf community and the hearing world simultaneously. Conclusion: South Africans live in a diverse society where most people accept spirituality as part of their search for meaning in life. Health care for individuals should therefore consider the person as a holistic being more than a medical entity. The exploration of narratives of individuals who report supernatural healing of a SNHL will assist health care practitioners and audiologists in managing individuals in an inclusive manner. This pilot study thus has implications for policy and practice in health care contexts.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida Auditiva Sensorineural/terapia , Terapias Espirituales , Adulto , Audiología/métodos , Cristianismo/psicología , Pérdida Auditiva Sensorineural/psicología , Humanos , Masculino , Proyectos Piloto , Investigación Cualitativa , Religión y Medicina , Espiritualidad
16.
Rev Colomb Psiquiatr ; 47(2): 82-89, 2018.
Artículo en Inglés, Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29754710

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to evaluate the auditory hallucinatory experience in a clinical sample of patients with psychiatric symptoms (e.g. Schizophrenia), a religious group (eg. Christians) and a "control" group (with no mental disorder and non-religious). The sample consisted of individuals of both sexes. The patient sample was recruited in two psychiatric hospitals of Buenos Aires City, the religious from an evangelical cult, and people with no religious beliefs or previous psychiatric symptoms (control group). The Hallucinatory Experiences Questionnaire and the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory Feelings and Experiences were the measurement tools used. The White Christmas Test was also administered in order to assess the degree of vivid imagery hearing based on a version of signal detection paradigm in which the subjects think that they hear a song in the background of white noise. The results showed that patients showed greater attributional bias (compared with evangelicals and the control group), but the religious group also tended to show greater bias (although less) than the control group. In addition, patients tended to show greater schizotypal and hallucinatory experiences compared with the evangelicals and the control group, but surprisingly, the control group showed higher negative schizotypy than the religious group, which indicates that religious practices could help reduce the negative effects of schizotypy.


Asunto(s)
Cristianismo/psicología , Alucinaciones/psicología , Religión y Psicología , Psicología del Esquizofrénico , Adolescente , Adulto , Argentina , Sesgo , Femenino , Hospitales Psiquiátricos , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Música/psicología , Esquizofrenia/fisiopatología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
17.
Am J Hosp Palliat Care ; 35(7): 921-928, 2018 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29607653

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To describe older Veteran's perspectives on the current delivery of religious or spiritual (R/S) care. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with older veterans with advanced stage cancer, heart failure, or pulmonary disease to elicit views on when, how, and by whom religious and spiritual care is preferred. RESULTS: The sample (n = 17) was largely male (94%), non-Hispanic white (52.9%), Christian (82.3%), and most had at least some college education (64.7%). Participants shared diagnoses of cancer (47%), heart failure (35.2%), or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (17.6%). As a group, participants had moderate religiosity. Themes relevant to the study goal of improving VA care delivery are as follows: (1) process of R/S engagement, (2) timing of R/S engagement, and (3) awareness of services. Veterans discussed the need for VA providers to accommodate diverse spiritual beliefs, importance of screening for spiritual needs, inclusion of family spiritual support, need for higher visibility of services, use of nonchaplains for R/S support, and times when R/S is important. DISCUSSION: Veterans recognize the diversity of their fellow veterans and note the opportunities and challenges in providing R/S support in the VA care setting. The findings have implications for quality improvement in VA care including efforts focused on enhanced outreach to veterans, bolstered education for staff, and more nuanced approaches to R/S support.


Asunto(s)
Religión y Medicina , Cuidado Terminal/psicología , Veteranos/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Anciano , Cristianismo/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Calidad de Vida , Cuidado Terminal/métodos , Estados Unidos
18.
Neuropsychologia ; 108: 32-41, 2018 01 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29174049

RESUMEN

Recent behavioral research has shown evidence for greater inclination to avoid symbolic cues of mortality threats in nonbelievers than Christians. However, the neurocognitive mechanisms underlying religious influences on behavioral tendency to avoid mortality threats remain unknown. We tested the hypothesis of distinct arousal/attention-related brain responses to self-related information under mortality in nonbelievers and Christians. We recorded event-related brain potentials (ERPs) from Christians and nonbelievers while they viewed their own names and a stranger's name (i.e., Zuma) that flashed around a cue word (i.e., death, pain or life) located at the center of a screen. While own name vs. a stranger's name induced faster responses and larger P3 amplitudes, the P3 amplitudes to own name showed distinct patterns of modulations by the cue words in nonbelievers and Christians. Specifically, own name elicited larger P3 amplitudes in the death than pain/life cue conditions in nonbelievers but not in Christians. Moreover, the differential P3 amplitude to own names in the death vs. life cue conditions predicted greater inclination to avoid mortality threats in nonbelievers but not in Christians. Our findings provide a neurocognitive account of increased behavioral tendency to avoid mortality threats in nonbelievers than in Christians.


Asunto(s)
Actitud Frente a la Muerte , Encéfalo/fisiología , Cristianismo/psicología , Miedo/fisiología , Nombres , Autoimagen , Nivel de Alerta/fisiología , Electroencefalografía , Potenciales Evocados , Miedo/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Reconocimiento Visual de Modelos/fisiología , Lectura , Adulto Joven
19.
Med Anthropol Q ; 32(1): 22-41, 2018 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28295596

RESUMEN

Drawing from interviews and participant observation, this article explores the intersection of diagnosis of metabolic disorders and religious conversion among Pentecostal Christians in Samoa by analyzing what I call embedded narratives--conversion narratives embedded in illness narratives. Drawing from ethnographic data, I examine how using conversion narrative conventions enabled those living with metabolic disorders to narrate behavior change in a culturally and socially valorized way. By embedding their narratives, I suggest those living with metabolic disorders shifted the object of care from a disease process toward the creation of a religious life and in turn transformed the risks associated with metabolic disorders, including diet, exercise, and pharmaceutical use into moral risks associated with everyday religious life. In these cases, Pentecostal conversion created possible scripts for changing health practices, managing stress, and shifting resource use in the name of religious commitment, providing insights into how self-care can be an expression of religious practice.


Asunto(s)
Cristianismo/psicología , Enfermedades Metabólicas , Autocuidado , Antropología Médica , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermedades Metabólicas/etnología , Enfermedades Metabólicas/psicología , Enfermedades Metabólicas/terapia , Narración , Samoa/etnología
20.
J Relig Health ; 57(6): 2118-2139, 2018 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28951998

RESUMEN

This study explores whether different religions experience different levels of happiness and life satisfaction and in case this is affected by country economic and cultural environment. Using World Value Survey (from 1981 to 2014), this study found that individual religiosity and country level of development play a significant role in shaping people's subjective well-being (SWB). Protestants, Buddhists and Roman Catholic were happier and most satisfied with their lives compared to other religious groups. Orthodox has the lowest SWB. Health status, household's financial satisfaction and freedom of choice are means by which religious groups and governments across the globe can improve the SWB of their citizens.


Asunto(s)
Felicidad , Salud Mental , Satisfacción Personal , Religión y Psicología , Religión , Budismo/psicología , Catolicismo/psicología , Cristianismo/psicología , Femenino , Estado de Salud , Hinduismo/psicología , Humanos , Islamismo/psicología , Judaísmo/psicología , Masculino , Protestantismo/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA