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1.
Rehabilitación (Madr., Ed. impr.) ; 58(2): 1-14, abril-junio 2024. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-232118

RESUMEN

La pandemia de COVID-19 ha afectado a la población, perjudicando especialmente a los miembros de aquellos grupos sociales en situación de mayor vulnerabilidad. Estas poblaciones específicas, como aquellas con alguna dependencia funcional, podrían verse más afectadas por los efectos de la pandemia del COVID-19. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este artículo fue describir las intervenciones para preservar la salud general, mantener la función y la independencia y prevenir la infección por COVID-19 para los adultos con dependencia funcional (ADF). Se realizó una búsqueda sistemática en bases de datos. Se revisaron los títulos y los resúmenes de cada publicación para determinar su relevancia. Dos revisores independientes accedieron a los artículos de texto completo para determinar su elegibilidad después de la selección inicial. Las búsquedas se realizaron en septiembre de 2021 y se actualizaron en enero y julio de 2022. La información encontrada se clasificó en 3 categorías: 1) ADF durante la pandemia de COVID-19; 2) ADF durante la pandemia de COVID-19 según una condición específica (condiciones neurológicas, discapacidades/deficiencias sensoriales y deterioro cognitivo), y 3) Adultos mayores con dependencia funcional. Los adultos con dependencia enfrentaron dificultades y barreras durante la pandemia por COVID-19. Las autoridades de cada país deben garantizar que los ADF tengan acceso a los servicios de rehabilitación en tiempos de crisis sanitaria. Además, es necesario aumentar la capacidad de los servicios de rehabilitación en tiempos de crisis como pandemias. De igual manera, se sugiere el fortalecimiento de estrategias como la telerehabilitación para evitar el deterioro o agravamiento de la funcionalidad de las personas dependientes. (AU)


The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the world population, especially people from social groups in a situation of greater vulnerability among people with some functional dependency. Therefore, the aim of this review was to describe interventions during the pandemic to preserve general health, maintain function and independence, and prevent COVID-19 infection for functionally dependent adults (FDA). A systematic search in databases was carried out. Titles and abstracts of each publication were reviewed for relevance. Full-text articles were accessed by two independent reviewers. The information found was classified into three categories: 1) FDA during the COVID-19 pandemic, 2) FDA during the COVID-19 pandemic according to a specific condition (neurological conditions, sensory disabilities/impairments, and cognitive impairment), and 3) Older adults with functional dependence. The FDAs have faced difficulties and barriers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Strengthening strategies such as telerehabilitation is suggested to avoid deterioration or aggravation of the functionality of dependent people. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Actividades Cotidianas , Vida Independiente , Instituciones de Vida Asistida , Envejecimiento , Cuidadores
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310047, abr. 2024. tab
Artículo en Inglés, Español | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1533059

RESUMEN

Introducción. Durante la infancia, los niños pueden experimentar algún grado de dificultad al comer. Existe una herramienta, desarrollada en Estados Unidos, de evaluación de la alimentación pediátrica (PediEAT), que permite identificar síntomas problemáticos. Objetivo. Realizar una adaptación transcultural para una versión argentina, con adecuación cultural y equivalencia semántica respecto a su versión original. Población y métodos. Se utilizó una versión autoadministrada del PediEAT que fue respondida por familias y/o cuidadores de niños de 6 meses a 7 años. Se realizó una primera fase de evaluación de validez del contenido con un grupo de expertos. Luego, una fase de pretest con familias mediante entrevistas cognitivas para comprobar la comprensión de las palabras y frases. Se realizaron las modificaciones necesarias para que quedara adaptada al contexto. Resultados. En la fase de evaluación de validez del contenido con el grupo de 8 expertos, de los 80 ítems se modificaron 36. En el pretest, se realizaron entrevistas cognitivas a 18 cuidadores; se realizaron cambios en 11 ítems para mejorar la comprensión por parte de la población argentina. La versión argentina fue aprobada por los autores originales. Conclusiones. El instrumento PediEAT versión argentina resulta lingüísticamente equivalente a su versión original, lo que permite su uso para la detección de problemáticas alimentarias en niños.


Introduction. During childhood, children may experience some degree of difficulty eating. A tool (PediEAT) has been developed in the United States and is available to assess pediatric eating and to identify problematic symptoms. Objective. To obtain an Argentine version that is transculturally adapted, culturally adequate, and semantically equivalent to the original version. Population and methods. A self-administered version of the PediEAT was used and completed by families and/or caregivers of children aged 6 months to 7 years. In the first phase, content validity was assessed by a group of experts. This was followed by a pre-test phase with families using cognitive interviews to test word and phrase comprehension. The necessary changes were made to obtain a version adapted to the context. Results. The tool's content validity was assessed by a group of 8 experts; as a result, 36 of the 80 items were changed. During the pre-test phase, cognitive interviews were conducted with 18 caregivers; 11 items were changed to improve comprehension by the Argentine population. The Argentine version was approved by the original authors. Conclusions. The Argentine version of the PediEAT tool is linguistically equivalent to the original version, and this allows its use to screen for feeding problems in children.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Lactante , Preescolar , Niño , Trastornos de Ingestión y Alimentación en la Niñez , Nutrición del Niño , Psicometría/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Cuidadores
3.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(4): 263, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564042

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Spouses are often the front-line caregivers for colon cancer patients. Providing this support requires a particular set of coping skills. Our objective was to identify key skills that healthcare and medico-social sector professionals could assess in routine practice that would allow them to propose appropriate support to spouses who are accompanying colon cancer patients in their care pathway. METHODS: An online two-round Delphi study was conducted among French colon cancer patients, spouses and professionals. The content of the Delphi study was developed from a previously published qualitative study. RESULTS: In the first round of the study, 63% of the participants were professionals (n = 40), 19% spouses (n = 12) and 17% patients (n = 11). In the second round, they were respectively 55% (n = 22), 22% (n = 9) and 22% (n = 9). Twenty-seven of the 75 proposed skills were consensually identified as key skills. Nine were related to emotional and psychological well-being, six to social relations, four to organisation, five to health and three to domestic domains. The three most consensual skills (≥ 90% agreement) for spouses were (1) helping the tired patient in everyday life, (2) stimulating the patient to prevent him/her from giving up and (3) limiting one's amount of personal time to care for the patient. CONCLUSION: The study identified the key skills needed by spouses of patients being treated for colon cancer. Better awareness of these skills among professionals would enable them to offer tailored support to help patients and spouses maintain their physical and emotional well-being.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Neoplasias del Colon , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Técnica Delfos , Esposos , Neoplasias del Colon/terapia , 60670
4.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(4): 266, 2024 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568470

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Family caregivers, also known as informal caregivers, are critical for the home care of patients with urostomy. The present study aimed to investigate the benefits of family caregivers in China while taking care of patients with urostomy from a positive perspective. METHODS: A qualitative research design was adopted, with a thematic analysis. The qualitative research software NVivo was used for data analysis. Twenty-two family caregivers of urostomy patients participated in an in-depth interview for 60-90 min. A qualitative analysis was performed using a thematic approach in accordance with the six-stage thematic analysis process reported by Braun and Clarke (2006). RESULTS: The following four benefits were identified: mastering knowledge and skills, promoting self-growth, establishing close family ties, and changing the way of life. Among these four themes, 11 sub-themes were constructed by coders. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides new insights into intervention measures for family caregivers of patients with urostomy, which could play an important role in developing the overall model of family-centered nursing.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Servicios de Atención de Salud a Domicilio , Humanos , China , Investigación Cualitativa , Pueblos del Este de Asia
5.
J Appl Res Intellect Disabil ; 37(3): e13239, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621995

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The Reducing Disability in Alzheimer's Disease in Kansas City (RDAD-KC) intervention has been shown to improve the health of individuals with dementia and caregiver dyads. This manuscript reports the results of implementing the RDAD among individuals with intellectual disabilities and caregiver dyads. METHODS: Nine community agencies deployed the 12-week intervention. We assessed changes in individuals with intellectual disabilities' behavioural symptom related severity and physical activity, and caregivers' behavioural symptom-related distress, unmet needs, and caregiver strain. RESULTS: Forty-four dyads enrolled, and 23 (~60 years, 48% female) completed ≥75% of the intervention. We observed decreases in behavioural symptom related severity (p = .07) and increases in physical activity (p = .20) among individuals with intellectual disabilities. We also observed decreases in behavioural symptom related distress (p = .14), unmet needs (p = .50), and caregiver strain (p = .50) among caregivers. CONCLUSIONS: The RDAD-KC intervention showed promising, although statistically non-significant, benefits among individuals with intellectual disabilities and their caregivers.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Alzheimer , Demencia , Discapacidad Intelectual , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Cuidadores , Ejercicio Físico
6.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e080551, 2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589260

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Dementia is a complex medical condition that poses significant challenges to healthcare systems and support services. People living with dementia (PLWD) and their carers experience complex needs often exacerbated by social isolation and challenges in accessing support. Social prescribing (SP) seeks to enable PLWD and their carers to access community and voluntary sector resources to support them address such needs. Existing research, however, does not describe what SP interventions are currently in place in dementia care. Little is known about the needs these interventions are designed to address, the reasons that lead PLWD and their carers to participate in them, their effectiveness and the extent to which they could increase positive health outcomes if adopted and how. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A complex intervention systematic review of SP for PLWD and/or their carers will be conducted using an iterative logic model approach. Six electronic (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Scopus and Cochrane/CENTRAL) and two grey literature databases (EThOS and CORE) were searched for publications between 1 January 2003 and June 2023, supplemented by handsearching of reference lists of included studies. Study selection, data extraction and risk of bias assessment, using Gough's Weight of Evidence Framework, will be independently performed by two reviewers. A narrative approach will be employed to synthesise and report quantitative and qualitative data. Reporting will be informed by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Complex Interventions extension statement and checklist. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: No ethical approval is required due to this systematic review operating only with secondary sources. Findings will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publications, conference presentations and meetings with key stakeholders including healthcare professionals, patient and carer groups, community organisations (eg, the Social Prescribing Network and the Evidence Collaborative at the National Academy for Social Prescribing), policymakers and funding bodies. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42023428625.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Demencia , Humanos , Atención a la Salud , Personal de Salud , Metaanálisis como Asunto , Revisiones Sistemáticas como Asunto
7.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e081364, 2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589261

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to understand the caregiving experiences of family caregivers of people with schizophrenia in a community. DESIGN: A qualitative study based on phenomenological analysis was conducted through in-depth interviews. SETTING: This study was carried out from May to June 2023 in two community health service centres in urban Beijing, China. PARTICIPANTS: We selected 16 family caregivers for interviews using purposive sampling method. RESULTS: Four themes and 10 subthemes were identified: (1) psychosocial distress of family caregivers (feeling unprepared and helpless at the beginning, confronting negative emotions in long-term care and straying away from social life); (2) adverse impacts on the whole family (poor cooperation within the family, insufficient family involvement in professional care); (3) coping with family caregiving (accepting the reality of the patients' illness, struggling with family life balance and having realistic expectations); (4) concerns about future care (daily living support, physical health management). CONCLUSION: Family caregivers experienced psychosocial distress and family stress in the process of caregiving. They had to cope with caregiving stress and were concerned about the long-term care of people with schizophrenia. These findings provide implications for intervention programmes to strengthen social support, family involvement, and active coping for caregivers and develop long-term care mechanisms for people with schizophrenia.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Esquizofrenia , Humanos , Beijing , Cuidadores/psicología , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , China , Investigación Cualitativa , Familia/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica
8.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(4): e245866, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602677

RESUMEN

Importance: Understanding goals of care for terminally ill patients at the end of life is crucial to ensure that patients receive care consistent with their preferences. Objectives: To investigate the patterns of goals of care among patient-caregiver dyads over the last years of the patient's life and the associations of the goals of care with patient-caregiver characteristics. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective cohort study of 210 patient-caregiver dyads involved surveys every 3 months from July 8, 2016, until the patient's death or February 28, 2022. Data from the last 2 years of the patients' lives were analyzed. Dyads, which comprised patients with stage IV solid cancer and their caregivers, were recruited from outpatient clinics at 2 major cancer centers in Singapore. Main Outcomes and Measures: Goals of care were examined via the tradeoffs between life extension and symptom management and between life extension and cost containment. The actor-partner interdependence framework was implemented using mixed-effects linear regressions. Results: This study included 210 dyads (patients: mean [SD] age, 62.6 [10.5] years; 108 men [51.4%]; caregivers: mean [SD] age, 49.4 [14.6] years; 132 women [62.9%]). On average, 34% of patients (264 of 780 observations; range, 23%-42%) and 29% of caregivers (225 of 780 observations; range, 20%-43%) prioritized symptom management over life extension, whereas 24% of patients (190 of 780 observations; range, 18%-32%) and 19% of caregivers (148 of 780 observations; range, 8%-26%) prioritized life extension. Between cost containment and life extension, on average, 28% of patients (220 of 777 observations; range, 22%-38%) and 17% of caregivers (137 of 780 observations; range, 10%-25%) prioritized cost containment, whereas 26% of patients (199 of 777 observations; range, 18%-34%) and 35% of caregivers (271 of 780 observations; range, 25%-45%) prioritized life extension. Goals of care did not change as patients approached death. Patients prioritized symptom management if they experienced higher symptom burden (average marginal effect [SE], 0.04 [0.01]), worse spiritual well-being (average marginal effect [SE], -0.04 [0.01]), and accurate (vs inaccurate) prognostic awareness (average marginal effect [SE], 0.40 [0.18]) and if their caregivers reported accurate prognostic awareness (average marginal effect [SE], 0.53 [0.18]), lower impact of caregiving on finances (average marginal effect [SE], -0.28 [0.08]), and poorer caregiving self-esteem (average marginal effect [SE], -0.48 [0.16]). Compared with patients, caregivers expressed lower preferences for cost containment (average marginal effect [SE], -0.63 [0.09]). Patients prioritized cost containment if they were older (average marginal effect [SE], 0.03 [0.01]), had higher symptom burden (average marginal effect [SE], 0.04 [0.01]), had poorer spiritual well-being (average marginal effect [SE], -0.04 [0.01]), and their caregivers reported poorer caregiving self-esteem (average marginal effect [SE], -0.51 [0.16]) and more family support (average marginal effect [SE], -0.30 [0.14]). Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study of patient-caregiver dyads, findings suggested the importance of interventions aimed at reducing discordance in goals of care between patients and caregivers and helping them develop realistic expectations to avoid costly, futile treatments.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Neoplasias , Masculino , Humanos , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios de Cohortes , Estudios Prospectivos , Neoplasias/terapia , Planificación de Atención al Paciente
9.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e083816, 2024 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626957

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To determine General Practice (GP) recording of carer status and the number of patients self-identifying as carers, while self-completing an automated check-in screen prior to a GP consultation. DESIGN: A descriptive cross-sectional study. SETTING: 11 GPs in the West Midlands, England. Recruitment commenced in September 2019 and concluded in January 2020. PARTICIPANTS: All patients aged 10 years and over, self-completing an automated check-in screen, were invited to participate during a 3-week recruitment period. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The current coding of carers at participating GPs and the number of patients identifying themselves as a carer were primary outcome measures. Secondary outcome measures included the number of responses attained from automated check-in screens as a research data collection tool and whether carers felt supported in their carer role. RESULTS: 80.3% (n=9301) of patients self-completing an automated check-in screen participated in QUantifying the identification Of carers in general practice (STATUS QUO Study) (62.6% (n=5822) female, mean age 52.9 years (10-98 years, SD=20.3)). Prior to recruitment, the clinical code used to denote a carer was identified in 2.7% (n=2739) of medical records across the participating GPs.10.1% (n=936) of participants identified themselves as a carer. They reported feeling supported with their own health and social care needs: always 19.3% (n=150), a lot of the time 13.2% (n=102), some of the time 40.8% (n=317) and never 26.7% (n=207). CONCLUSIONS: Many more participants self-identified as a carer than were recorded on participating GP lists. Improvements in the recording of the population's caring status need to be actioned, to ensure that supportive implementation strategies for carers are effectively received. Using automated check-in facilities for research continues to provide high participation rates.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Medicina General , Humanos , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Transversales , Inglaterra , Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria
10.
Health Expect ; 27(2): e14050, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38628150

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This article addresses the persistent challenge of Delayed Hospital Discharge (DHD) and aims to provide a comprehensive overview, synthesis, and actionable, sustainable plan based on the synthesis of the systematic review articles spanning the past 24 years. Our research aims to comprehensively examine DHD, identifying its primary causes and emphasizing the significance of effective communication and management in healthcare settings. METHODS: We conducted the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) method for synthesizing findings from 23 review papers published over the last two decades, encompassing over 700 studies. In addition, we employed a practical and comprehensive framework to tackle DHD. Rooted in Linderman's model, our approach focused on continuous process improvement (CPI), which highlights senior management commitment, technical/administrative support, and social/transitional care. Our proposed CPI method comprised several stages: planning, implementation, data analysis, and adaptation, all contributing to continuous improvement in healthcare delivery. This method provided valuable insights and recommendations for addressing DHD challenges. FINDINGS: Our DHD analysis revealed crucial insights across multiple dimensions. Firstly, examining causes and interventions uncovered issues such as limited discharge destinations, signaling unsustainable solutions, and inefficient care coordination. The second aspect explored the patient and caregiver experience, emphasizing challenges linked to staff uncertainty and negative physical environments, with notable attention to the underexplored area of caregiver experience. The third theme explored organizational and individual factors, including cognitive impairment and socioeconomic influences. The findings emphasized the importance of incorporating patients' data, recognizing its complexity and current avoidance. Finally, the role of transitional and social care and financial strategies was scrutinized, emphasizing the need for multicomponent, context-specific interventions to address DHD effectively. CONCLUSION: This study addresses gaps in the literature, challenges prevailing solutions, and offers practical pathways for reducing DHD, contributing significantly to healthcare quality and patient outcomes. The synthesis introduces the vital CPI stage, enhancing Linderman's work and providing a pragmatic framework to eradicate delayed discharge. Future efforts will address practitioner consultations to enhance perspectives and further enrich the study. PATIENT OR PUBLIC CONTRIBUTION: Our scoping review synthesizes and analyzes existing systematic review articles and emphasizes offering practical, actionable solutions. While our approach does not directly engage patients, it strategically focuses on extracting insights from the literature to create a CPI framework. This unique aspect is intentionally designed to yield tangible benefits for patients, service users, caregivers, and the public. Our actionable recommendations aim to improve hospital discharge processes for better healthcare outcomes and experiences. This detailed analysis goes beyond theoretical considerations and provides a practical guide to improve healthcare practices and policies.


Asunto(s)
Atención a la Salud , Alta del Paciente , Humanos , Hospitales , Cuidadores , Pacientes
11.
Rev Med Suisse ; 20(870): 813, 2024 Apr 17.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630043

Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Violencia , Humanos
12.
JMIR Aging ; 7: e55132, 2024 Apr 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630527

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of Alzheimer disease and Alzheimer disease-related dementia in the United States has amplified the health care burden and caregiving challenges, especially for caregivers of people living with dementia. A web-based care planning tool, Olera.care, was developed to aid caregivers in managing common challenges associated with dementia care. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to preliminarily evaluate the quality and usability of the Olera.care platform and assess the preferences of using the technology and interests in learning about different older adult care services among caregivers. METHODS: For interview 1, we aim to understand caregiving needs and let the participants start engaging with the platform. After they engage with the platform, we schedule the second interview and let the participants complete the Mobile Application Rating Scale. The survey also included sociodemographic characteristics, caregiving experiences, communication preferences in technology adoption, and older adult care service use and interests. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the quality and usability of the platform and characteristics of the participants. We conducted 2-sample 2-tailed t tests to examine the differences in the Mobile Application Rating Scale evaluation scores by caregiver characteristics. RESULTS: Overall, 30 adult caregivers in Texas completed the evaluation. The majority were aged ≥50 years (25/30, 83%), women (23/30, 77%), White (25/30, 83%), and financially stable (20/30, 67%). The Olera.care platform evaluation showed high satisfaction, with an overall mean rating of 4.57 (SD 0.57) of 5, and scored well in engagement (mean 4.10, SD 0.61), functionality (mean 4.46, SD 0.44), aesthetics (mean 4.58, SD 0.53), and information quality (mean 4.76, SD 0.44) consistently across all participants. A statistically significant difference (P=.02) was observed in functionality evaluation scores by duration of caregiving, with caregivers dedicating more hours to care rating it higher than those providing less care (mean 4.6, SD 0.4 vs mean 4.2, SD 0.5). In addition, caregivers with less caregiving experience reported significantly higher evaluation scores for aesthetics (P=.04) and information quality (P=.03) compared to those with longer years of caregiving. All participants expressed a willingness to recommend the app to others, and 90% (27/30) rated the app overall positively. Most of the participants (21/30, 70%) favored anonymous interactions before receiving personalized feedback and preferred computer browsers over mobile apps. Medical home health services were the most used, with a diverse range of services being used. Caregiver support groups, medical providers, memory care, meal services, and adult day care were among the most desired services for future exploration. CONCLUSIONS: The Olera.care web-based platform is a practical, engaging, easy-to-use, visually appealing, and informative tool for dementia caregivers. Future development and research are essential to enhance the platform and comprehensively evaluate it among a broader population.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de Alzheimer , Cuidadores , Humanos , Femenino , Anciano , Enfermedad de Alzheimer/terapia , Carga del Cuidador , Comunicación , Estética
13.
JMIR Med Educ ; 10: e50118, 2024 Apr 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38630531

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Carers often assume key roles in cancer care. However, many carers report feeling disempowered and ill-equipped to support patients. Our group published evidence-based guidelines (the Triadic Oncology [TRIO] Guidelines) to improve oncology clinician engagement with carers and the management of challenging situations involving carers. OBJECTIVE: To facilitate implementation of the TRIO Guidelines in clinical practice, we aimed to develop, iteratively refine, and conduct user testing of a suite of evidence-based and interactive web-based education modules for oncology clinicians (e-Triadic Oncology [eTRIO]), patients with cancer, and carers (eTRIO for Patients and Carers [eTRIO-pc]). These were designed to improve carer involvement, communication, and shared decision-making in the cancer management setting. METHODS: The eTRIO education modules were based on extensive research, including systematic reviews, qualitative interviews, and consultation analyses. Guided by the person-based approach, module content and design were reviewed by an expert advisory group comprising academic and clinical experts (n=13) and consumers (n=5); content and design were continuously and iteratively refined. User experience testing (including "think-aloud" interviews and administration of the System Usability Scale [SUS]) of the modules was completed by additional clinicians (n=5), patients (n=3), and carers (n=3). RESULTS: The final clinician module comprises 14 sections, requires approximately 1.5 to 2 hours to complete, and covers topics such as carer-inclusive communication and practices; supporting carer needs; and managing carer dominance, anger, and conflicting patient-carer wishes. The usability of the module was rated by 5 clinicians, with a mean SUS score of 75 (SD 5.3), which is interpreted as good. Clinicians often desired information in a concise format, divided into small "snackable" sections that could be easily recommenced if they were interrupted. The carer module features 11 sections; requires approximately 1.5 hours to complete; and includes topics such as the importance of carers, carer roles during consultations, and advocating for the patient. The patient module is an adaptation of the relevant carer module sections, comprising 7 sections and requiring 1 hour to complete. The average SUS score as rated by 6 patients and carers was 78 (SD 16.2), which is interpreted as good. Interactive activities, clinical vignette videos, and reflective learning exercises are incorporated into all modules. Patient and carer consumer advisers advocated for empathetic content and tone throughout their modules, with an easy-to-read and navigable module interface. CONCLUSIONS: The eTRIO suite of modules were rigorously developed using a person-based design methodology to meet the unique information needs and learning requirements of clinicians, patients, and carers, with the goal of improving effective and supportive carer involvement in cancer consultations and cancer care.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Neoplasias , Humanos , Escolaridad , Oncología Médica , Aprendizaje , Internet , Neoplasias/terapia
14.
S Afr J Commun Disord ; 71(1): e1-e14, 2024 Mar 18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572900

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND:  There are no definitive guidelines for clinical decisions for children with cerebral palsy (CP) requiring enteral feeds. Traditionally, medical doctors made enteral feeding decisions, while patients were essentially treated passively within a paternalistic 'doctor knows best' approach. Although a more collaborative approach to decision-making has been promoted globally as the favoured model among healthcare professionals, little is known about how these decisions are currently made practically. OBJECTIVES:  This study aimed to identify the significant individuals, factors and views involved in the enteral feeding decision-making process for caregivers of children with CP within the South African public healthcare sector. METHOD:  A single-case research design was used in this qualitative explorative study. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews and analysed using reflexive thematic analysis. RESULTS:  Four primary individuals were identified by the caregivers in the decision-making process: doctors, speech therapists, caregivers' families and God. Four factors were identified as extrinsically motivating: (1) physiological factors, (2) nutritional factors, (3) financial factors and (4) environmental factors. Two views were identified as intrinsically motivating: personal beliefs regarding enteral feeding tubes, and feelings of fear and isolation. CONCLUSION:  Enteral feeding decision-making within the South African public healthcare sector is currently still dominated by a paternalistic approach, endorsed by a lack of caregiver knowledge, distinct patient-healthcare provider power imbalances and prescriptive multidisciplinary healthcare dialogues.Contribution: This study has implications for clinical practice, curriculum development at higher education training facilities, and institutional policy changes and development, thereby contributing to the current knowledge and clinical gap(s) in the area.


Asunto(s)
Parálisis Cerebral , Médicos , Niño , Humanos , Cuidadores , Parálisis Cerebral/terapia , Personal de Salud , Investigación Cualitativa
15.
Drugs Aging ; 41(4): 367-377, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575748

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Nursing home (NH) residents with limited life expectancy (LLE) who are intensely treated for hyperlipidemia, hypertension, or diabetes may benefit from deprescribing. OBJECTIVE: This study sought to describe NH clinician and family caregiver perspectives on key influences on deprescribing decisions for chronic disease medications in NH residents near the end of life. METHODS: We recruited family caregivers of veterans who recently died in a Veterans Affairs (VA) NH, known as community living centers (CLCs), and CLC healthcare clinicians (physicians, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, pharmacists, registered nurses). Respondents completed semi-structured interviews about their experiences with deprescribing statin, antihypertensive, and antidiabetic medications for residents near end of life. We conducted thematic analysis of interview transcripts to identify key themes regarding influences on deprescribing decisions. RESULTS: Thirteen family caregivers and 13 clinicians completed interviews. Key themes included (1) clinicians and caregivers both prefer to minimize drug burden; (2) clinical factors strongly influence deprescribing of chronic disease medications, with differences in how clinicians and caregivers weigh specific factors; (3) caregivers trust and rely on clinicians to make deprescribing decisions; (4) clinicians perceive caregiver involvement and buy-in as essential to deprescribing decisions, which requires time and effort to obtain; and (5) clinicians perceive conflicting care from other clinicians as a barrier to deprescribing. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest a need for efforts to encourage communication with and education for family caregivers of residents with LLE about deprescribing, and to foster better collaboration among clinicians in CLC and non-CLC settings.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Deprescripciones , Humanos , Anciano , Casas de Salud , Muerte , Enfermedad Crónica
16.
Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen ; 39: 15333175241248056, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621659

RESUMEN

The study aims to identify psychological symptoms (depression and anxiety) and their relationship to the quality of life among dementia patients' caregivers, and whether there are differences in the level of each of them due to the gender variable. The study follows the correlational approach, with a sample of 174 dementia patients' caregivers. To pursue the analysis, the study uses 3 measurement tools: anxiety, depression, and quality of life. The results show that the level of depression, anxiety, and quality of life among dementia patients' caregivers is moderate. It also finds that there is a positive relationship between anxiety and depression, and there is a negative relationship between quality of life and anxiety and depression. There are no differences in the level of depression and anxiety due to gender, as the study finds female caregivers to have a higher level of quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Demencia , Calidad de Vida , Humanos , Femenino , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Cuidadores/psicología , Demencia/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Ansiedad/psicología
17.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(5): 288, 2024 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622350

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Visitor restriction policies to prevent the spread of COVID-19 among patients and clinicians were widespread during the pandemic, resulting in the exclusion of caregivers at key points of cancer care and treatment decision-making. The aim of this study was to explore how visitor restrictions impacted cancer treatment decision-making and care from patient and physician perspectives. METHODS: Sixty-seven interviews, including 48 cancer patients and 19 cancer and palliative care physicians from four academic cancer centers in the USA between August 2020 and July 2021. RESULTS: Visitor restrictions that prevented caregivers from participating in clinic appointments and perioperative hospital care created challenges in cancer care that spanned three domains: practical, social, and informational. We identified eight themes that characterized challenges within the three domains across all three groups, and that these challenges had negative emotional and psychological consequences for both groups. Physicians perceived that patients' negative experiences due to lack of support through the physical presence of caregivers may have worsened patient outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate the tripartite structure of the therapeutic relationship in cancer care with caregivers providing critical support in the decision-making and care process to both patients and physicians. Caregiver absences led to practical, psychosocial, and informational burdens on both groups, and likely increased the risk of burnout among physicians. Our findings suggest that the quality of cancer care can be enhanced by engaging caregivers and promoting their physical presence during clinical encounters.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Neoplasias , Humanos , COVID-19/prevención & control , Pandemias/prevención & control , Brazo , Hospitales , Cuidadores/psicología , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias/psicología , Investigación Cualitativa
18.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 342, 2024 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622542

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Family caregivers play a crucial role in providing physical, emotional, and social support to the elderly, allowing them to maintain their independence and stay in their preferred living environment. However, family caregivers face numerous challenges and require specific knowledge and skills to provide effective care. Therefore, understanding the knowledge and skills required for effective family caregiving in elderly home care is vital to support both the caregivers and the elderly recipients. METHODS: The research was carried out in Mekelle City, Ethiopia, utilizing the phenomenology study design and purposive sampling technique. A total of twenty-two in-depth interviews were conducted. Individuals with experience in providing care for elderly people in their homes were targeted. Data was gathered through the use of an open-ended guide, transcribed word-for-word, inputted into ATLAS.ti8 software, and translated. Codes and themes were then extracted from the transcribed data, and a thematic analysis was performed. To minimize personal biases, the collected data were coded independently by the data collection assistants and the PI. The analysis was carried out by authors who were not involved in the data collection process. The interviews were conducted in a quiet place. RESULTS: A total of 22 in-depth interviews were conducted as part of this research. The results indicated that although the participants had knowledge about common health problems experienced by older people, they were uninformed about how to manage these conditions at home and were unaware of specialized healthcare resources for the elderly. Furthermore, they had limited knowledge about suitable exercise routines, strategies to prevent falls, and home healthcare practices for older individuals. On the other hand, they exhibited a solid comprehension and awareness of abusive behaviors specifically directed at older adults. CONCLUSION: The results emphasized the importance of enhancing education and training for family caregivers in handling elderly health issues, raising awareness about specialized healthcare services catered to the elderly, improving understanding of activities of daily living (ADLs) and fall prevention, and offering inclusive training in healthcare tasks related to elder care. RECOMMENDATION: Participants should receive comprehensive education and training programs to enhance their knowledge and skills in managing these conditions. Efforts should also be made to raise awareness about the availability of geriatric hospitals or specialized nurses for the elderly. Participants need to be educated about suitable exercise routines for the elderly and fall prevention strategies. Healthcare skills training is also necessary for participants, focusing on activities such as wound dressing, vital sign monitoring, and establishing a specific schedule for changing positions.


Asunto(s)
Actividades Cotidianas , Servicios de Atención de Salud a Domicilio , Humanos , Anciano , Hogares para Ancianos , Apoyo Social , Cuidadores/psicología , Investigación Cualitativa , Familia/psicología
19.
Malar J ; 23(1): 99, 2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589868

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Malaria remains a major global health problem often worsened by political instability and armed conflict. The purpose of the study was to explore community knowledge, attitudes and practices on malaria prevention, and to understand the burden of malaria and health-seeking behaviours of caregivers of children under-five in conflict-affected communities of the South West and Littoral Regions of Cameroon. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey involving internally displaced persons (IDPS), host population, and their children under-five was conducted across 80 communities. The survey was conducted from May to June 2021. Participants were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Malaria prevalence for children under-five was determined using rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) on blood samples. Association between variables and displacement status was measured using chi square test and multivariate logistic regression model was fitted to identify factors associated with adequate knowledge on malaria prevention. RESULTS: A total of 2386 adults participated in the study and 1543 RDTs were conducted for children under-five. Adequate levels of knowledge and attitudes on malaria prevention was recorded among 1258 (52.9%) of the participants, with very strong evidence to suggest the level to be higher among the host (59.5%) compared to the IDPs (49.5%) and returnees (39.7%) (p < 0.001). Good practices towards malaria prevention was 43.3%, with very strong evidence indicating lower levels among IDPs (42.8%) and returnees (28.5%) compared to the host (49.4%) (p < 0.001). Malaria prevalence for children under-five was 54.0% and adequate health-seeking for suspected episodes of malaria was 53.0%, without any difference among IDPs (51.78%) and returnees (48.7%) compared to host populations (55.4%) (p = 0.154). Multivariate logistic regression model showed that there was quite strong evidence to suggest primary and secondary levels of education have higher odds of having correct knowledge of malaria prevention (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 1.71, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.11-2.64, p = 0.015 and AOR 1.80, 95% CI 1.15-2.82, p = 0.010 respectively). There was very strong evidence to suggest that owning a radio or a television was associated with greater odds of having a higher knowledge on malaria prevention (AOR 1.49, 95% CI 1.233-1.81, p = 0.000 and AOR 1.47, 95% CI 1.18-1.84, p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Over half of the population have correct knowledge and attitudes towards malaria prevention but gaps in complete knowledge remained. Some of the caregivers know the correct malaria preventive practices coupled with largely unsatisfactory treatment approaches and reflected by the high prevalence of malaria among their children. In order to effectively treat malaria, innovative strategies should target community participation.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Malaria , Adulto , Niño , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , Camerún/epidemiología , Malaria/epidemiología , Malaria/prevención & control , Malaria/diagnóstico , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Aceptación de la Atención de Salud
20.
Psychooncology ; 33(4): e6341, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593275

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Fear of cancer recurring or progressing (FCR) is a concern reported by people living with cancer and caregivers alike. Whilst advances in survivor FCR have been made, less is known about caregiver FCR. As a result, measurement of caregiver FCR has relied on instruments developed for survivor populations. Findings from qualitative research indicate caregiver experiences of FCR differ. This study aimed to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a caregiver specific measure of FCR (CARE-FCR). METHODS: Four-hundred and thirty-eight caregivers (56% female, Mage = 50.53 years, SD = 17.38) completed the online survey including demographic questions, information about care provided, the person they care for, as well as the CARE-FCR. Convergent validity was assessed using pre-existing measures of fear of recurrence and progression, depression, anxiety, death anxiety and meta-cognitions. The extraversion dimension of the Big Five Personality Trait questionnaire was used to assess divergent validity. The survey was completed 2 weeks later to assess test-retest reliability. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was used to determine factor structure, followed by confirmatory factor analysis. RESULTS: EFA indicated a 3-factor structure: progression, recurrence, and communication. Evidence for convergent, divergent, and test-retest reliability was adequate. Internal consistency for the CARE-FCR was strong, overall Cronbach's α = 0.96 (progression = 0.94, recurrence = 0.92 and communication = 0.78). CONCLUSIONS: We present a theoretically informed and psychometrically robust measure of caregiver FCR. The CARE-FCR facilitates quantification of caregiver FCR, capturing unique aspects specific to this population.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Neoplasias , Humanos , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Masculino , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Miedo , Recurrencia , Neoplasias/terapia , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia
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