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1.
Cult. cuid ; 28(68): 21-36, Abr 10, 2024. tab
Artículo en Portugués | IBECS | ID: ibc-VR-408

RESUMEN

Introducción: Los pacientes oncológicos con necesidadde cuidados paliativos continúan internados en serviciosquirúrgicos, donde las enfermeras están preparadas paracuidar al paciente quirúrgico y no para atender sus necesidadespaliativas y las de su familia. Surge la necesidad de cambio,en el cual la familia debe involucrarse en el cuidado.Objetivos: Comprender la percepción de los cuidadoresfamiliares sobre las intervenciones de enfermería en elcuidado de pacientes oncológicos con necesidades de cuidadospaliativos; describir las percepciones de los familiares sobreel apoyo y la disponibilidad de los enfermeros.Metodología: Estudio cualitativo, mediante entrevistasemiestructurada, aplicada a 10 familiares de pacientesoncológicos con necesidad de cuidados paliativos, internadosen un servicio de cirugía, cuyos resultados fueron analizadosmediante análisis de contenido.Resultados: Los familiares entrevistados consideran que ladinámica hospitalaria está centrada en la curación y que nofueron atendidos por las enfermeras, por lo que no hay interésen su proceso vivencial y vivencial. Conclusión: Identificamosfactores facilitadores y obstaculizadores percibidos por losfamiliares cuando su pariente fue hospitalizado. Creemosque los resultados de este estudio indican que es necesarioun cambio en la práctica de enfermería, tanto en la relaciónde ayuda como en el propio cuidado de enfermería, siempreteniendo en cuenta que también se debe cuidar a la familia.(AU)


Introduction: Cancer patients in need of palliative care continueto be admitted to surgical services, where nursesare prepared to take care of the surgical patient andnot to meet their palliative needs and those of theirfamily. Thus, the need for change emerges, in whichthe family should be involved in the care and also beconsidered as a care-receiving unit. Therefore, it ispertinent for nurses to focus their care on the patient-family dyad in a structured and oriented manner forfamily-oriented problem-solving.Objectives: To understand the perception of familycaregivers about nurses' interventions in caring forcancer patients with palliative care needs; describefamily members 'perceptions of nurses' support andavailability.Method: A qualitative study using a semi-structuredinterview with ten relatives of cancer patients in needof palliative care admitted to a surgical service. Theresults were analyzed through content analysis.Results: Participants considered that the hospitaldynamics are centered on healing and that they werenot cared for by nurses, thus not having interest in theirexperiential and existential process. Conclusion: Weidentified facilitating and hindering factors perceivedby the family when a sick member was hospitalized We believe that the results of this study indicate that achange in nursing practice is necessary, both in terms ofhelping relationships and in nursing care itself, alwaysbearing in mind that the family must also be cared for.(AU)


Introdução: Os doentes oncológicos com necessidadede cuidados paliativos continuam a ser internadosem serviços cirúrgicos, onde os enfermeiros estãopreparados para cuidar do doente cirúrgico e nãopara atender as suas necessidades paliativas e as dasua família. Emerge a necessidade de mudança, emque a família deve ser envolvida nos cuidados.Objetivos: Compreender a perceção dos cuidadoresfamiliares sobre as intervenções do enfermeiro nocuidar do doente oncológico com necessidadesde cuidados paliativos; descrever as perceções dosfamiliares relativamente ao apoio e à disponibilidadedos enfermeiros.Metodologia: Estudo qualitativo, com recurso a umaentrevista semiestruturada, aplicada a 10 familiaresde doentes oncológicos com necessidade de cuidadospaliativos, internados num serviço cirúrgico, cujosresultados foram analisados através da análise de conteúdo.Resultados: Os familiares entrevistados consideramque a dinâmica hospitalar é centrada no curar e que nãoforam cuidados pelos enfermeiros, não existindo, assim,interesse pelo seu processo experiencial e vivencial.Conclusão: Identificámos fatores facilitadores edificultadores percecionados pelos familiares aquandodo internamento do seu familiar. Pensamos queos resultados deste estudo indicam ser necessáriauma mudança na prática de enfermagem, quer emtermos de relação de ajuda, quer no próprio cuidarem enfermagem, tendo sempre presente que a famíliatambém deve ser cuidada.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Cuidadores , Hospitalización , Oncología Médica , Cuidados Paliativos , Enfermería , Atención de Enfermería , Investigación Cualitativa , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
3.
Farm. hosp ; 48(2): 83-89, Mar-Abr. 2024. ilus, tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-231618

RESUMEN

Objectives: Patients with life-limiting illnesses are prone to unnecessary polypharmacy. Deprescribing tools may contribute to minimizing negative outcomes. Thus, the aims of the study were to identify validated instruments for deprescribing inappropriate medications for patients with palliative care needs and to assess the impact on clinical, humanistic, and economic outcomes. Methods: A systematic review was conducted in LILACS, PUBMED, EMBASE, COCHRANE, and WEB OF SCIENCE databases (until May 2021). A manual search was performed in the references of enrolled articles. The screening, eligibility, extraction, and bias risk assessment were carried out by 2 independent researchers. Experimental and observational studies were eligible for inclusion. Results: Out of the 5791 studies retrieved, after excluding duplicates (n = 1050), conducting title/abstract screening (n = 4741), and full reading (n = 41), only 1 study met the inclusion criteria. In this included study, a randomized controlled trial was conducted, which showed a high level of bias risk overall. Adults 75 years or older (n = 130) with limited life expectancy and polypharmacy were allocated to 2 groups [intervention arm (deprescribing); and control arm (usual care)]. Deprescribing was performed with the aid of the STOPPFrail tool. The mean number of inappropriate medications and monthly medication costs were significantly lower in the intervention arm. No statistically significant differences were found in terms of unscheduled hospital presentations, falls, fractures, mortality, and quality of life. Conclusions: Despite the availability of several instruments to support deprescribing in patients with palliative care needs, only 1 of them has undergone validation and robust assessment for effectiveness in clinical practice. The STOPPFrail tool appears to reduce the number of inappropriate medications for older people with limited life expectancy (and probably palliative care needs)...(AU)


Objetivo: Los pacientes con enfermedades terminales son propensos a la polifarmacia innecesaria. Las herramientas de desprescripción pueden contribuir a minimizar los resultados negativos. Por lo tanto, los objetivos del estudio fueron identificar instrumentos validados para la desprescripción de medicamentos inapropiados en pacientes con necesidades de cuidados paliativos y evaluar el impacto en los resultados clínicos, humanísticos y económicos. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática en las bases de datos LILACS, PUBMED, EMBASE, COCHRANE y WEB OF SCIENCE (hasta mayo de 2021). Se realizó una búsqueda manual en las referencias de los artículos incluidos. La selección, elegibilidad, extracción y evaluación del riesgo de sesgo se llevaron a cabo por dos investigadores independientes. Se aceptó la inclusión de estudios observacionales y experimentales. Resultados: De los 5791 estudios recuperados, después de excluir duplicados (n = 1050), realizar la selección de títulos/resúmenes (n = 4741) y la lectura completa (n = 41), solo un estudio cumplió con los criterios de inclusión. En este estudio incluido, se realizó un ensayo controlado aleatorizado, que mostró un alto nivel de riesgo de sesgo en general. A los adultos de 75 años o más (n = 130) con esperanza de vida limitada y polifarmacia se les asignaron dos grupos [grupo de intervención (desprescripción) y grupo de control (atención habitual)]. Se realizó la desprescripción con la ayuda de la herramienta STOPPFrail. El número promedio de medicamentos inapropiados y los costos mensuales de los medicamentos fueron significativamente más bajos en el grupo de intervención. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en términos de presentaciones hospitalarias no programadas, caídas, fracturas, mortalidad y calidad de vida. Conclusiones: A pesar de la disponibilidad de varias herramientas para apoyar la deprescripción en pacientes con necesidades de cuidados paliativos...(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Seguridad del Paciente , Deprescripciones , Cuidados Paliativos , Polifarmacia , Prescripción Inadecuada , Farmacia , Servicio de Farmacia en Hospital , Protocolos Clínicos
4.
Farm. hosp ; 48(2): T83-T89, Mar-Abr. 2024. ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-231619

RESUMEN

Objectives: Patients with life-limiting illnesses are prone to unnecessary polypharmacy. Deprescribing tools may contribute to minimizing negative outcomes. Thus, the aims of the study were to identify validated instruments for deprescribing inappropriate medications for patients with palliative care needs and to assess the impact on clinical, humanistic, and economic outcomes. Methods: A systematic review was conducted in LILACS, PUBMED, EMBASE, COCHRANE, and WEB OF SCIENCE databases (until May 2021). A manual search was performed in the references of enrolled articles. The screening, eligibility, extraction, and bias risk assessment were carried out by 2 independent researchers. Experimental and observational studies were eligible for inclusion. Results: Out of the 5791 studies retrieved, after excluding duplicates (n = 1050), conducting title/abstract screening (n = 4741), and full reading (n = 41), only 1 study met the inclusion criteria. In this included study, a randomized controlled trial was conducted, which showed a high level of bias risk overall. Adults 75 years or older (n = 130) with limited life expectancy and polypharmacy were allocated to 2 groups [intervention arm (deprescribing); and control arm (usual care)]. Deprescribing was performed with the aid of the STOPPFrail tool. The mean number of inappropriate medications and monthly medication costs were significantly lower in the intervention arm. No statistically significant differences were found in terms of unscheduled hospital presentations, falls, fractures, mortality, and quality of life. Conclusions: Despite the availability of several instruments to support deprescribing in patients with palliative care needs, only 1 of them has undergone validation and robust assessment for effectiveness in clinical practice. The STOPPFrail tool appears to reduce the number of inappropriate medications for older people with limited life expectancy (and probably palliative care needs)...(AU)


Objetivo: Los pacientes con enfermedades terminales son propensos a la polifarmacia innecesaria. Las herramientas de desprescripción pueden contribuir a minimizar los resultados negativos. Por lo tanto, los objetivos del estudio fueron identificar instrumentos validados para la desprescripción de medicamentos inapropiados en pacientes con necesidades de cuidados paliativos y evaluar el impacto en los resultados clínicos, humanísticos y económicos. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión sistemática en las bases de datos LILACS, PUBMED, EMBASE, COCHRANE y WEB OF SCIENCE (hasta mayo de 2021). Se realizó una búsqueda manual en las referencias de los artículos incluidos. La selección, elegibilidad, extracción y evaluación del riesgo de sesgo se llevaron a cabo por dos investigadores independientes. Se aceptó la inclusión de estudios observacionales y experimentales. Resultados: De los 5791 estudios recuperados, después de excluir duplicados (n = 1050), realizar la selección de títulos/resúmenes (n = 4741) y la lectura completa (n = 41), solo un estudio cumplió con los criterios de inclusión. En este estudio incluido, se realizó un ensayo controlado aleatorizado, que mostró un alto nivel de riesgo de sesgo en general. A los adultos de 75 años o más (n = 130) con esperanza de vida limitada y polifarmacia se les asignaron dos grupos [grupo de intervención (desprescripción) y grupo de control (atención habitual)]. Se realizó la desprescripción con la ayuda de la herramienta STOPPFrail. El número promedio de medicamentos inapropiados y los costos mensuales de los medicamentos fueron significativamente más bajos en el grupo de intervención. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en términos de presentaciones hospitalarias no programadas, caídas, fracturas, mortalidad y calidad de vida. Conclusiones: A pesar de la disponibilidad de varias herramientas para apoyar la deprescripción en pacientes con necesidades de cuidados paliativos...(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Seguridad del Paciente , Deprescripciones , Cuidados Paliativos , Polifarmacia , Prescripción Inadecuada , Farmacia , Servicio de Farmacia en Hospital , Protocolos Clínicos
5.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1330370, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596518

RESUMEN

Introduction: Many of the essential practices in palliative care (PC) had to be adapted to the COVID-19 pandemic. This global spread of the infectious respiratory disease, caused by SARS-CoV-2, created unprecedented obstacles. The aim of this research was to comprehensively assess the experiences and perceptions of healthcare professionals, individuals, and families in palliative and end-of-life situations during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A scoping review was conducted using the databases CINAHL Complete, MEDLINE, Scopus, SciELO, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, MEDIClatina, and Portugal's Open Access Scientific Repository. The review followed the JBI® methodological approach for scoping reviews. Results: Out of the initially identified 999 articles, 22 studies were included for analysis. The deprivation of relationships due to the safety protocols required to control the spread of COVID-19 was a universally perceived experience by healthcare professionals, individuals in PC, and their families. Social isolation, with significant psychological impact, including depersonalization and despair, was among the most frequently reported experiences by individuals in palliative situation. Despite healthcare professionals' efforts to mitigate the lack of relationships, the families of these individuals emphasized the irreplaceability of in-person bedside contact. Systematic review registration: https://osf.io/xmpf2/.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos/psicología , COVID-19/terapia , COVID-19/epidemiología , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Personal de Salud/psicología
6.
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 88, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561727

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: End-of-life (EoL) care volunteers in hospitals are a novel approach to support patients and their close ones. The iLIVE Volunteer Study supported hospital volunteer coordinators from five European countries to design and implement an EoL care volunteer service on general wards in their hospitals. This study aimed to identify and explore barriers and facilitators to the implementation of EoL care volunteer services in the five hospitals. METHODS: Volunteer coordinators (VCs) from the Netherlands (NL), Norway (NO), Slovenia (SI), Spain (ES) and United Kingdom (UK) participated in a focus group interview and subsequent in-depth one-to-one interviews. A theory-inspired framework based on the five domains of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) was used for data collection and analysis. Results from the focus group were depicted in radar charts per hospital. RESULTS: Barriers across all hospitals were the COVID-19 pandemic delaying the implementation process, and the lack of recognition of the added value of EoL care volunteers by hospital staff. Site-specific barriers were struggles with promoting the service in a highly structured setting with many stakeholders (NL), negative views among nurses on hospital volunteering (NL, NO), a lack of support from healthcare professionals and the management (SI, ES), and uncertainty about their role in implementation among VCs (ES). Site-specific facilitators were training of volunteers (NO, SI, NL), involving volunteers in promoting the service (NO), and education and awareness for healthcare professionals about the role and boundaries of volunteers (UK). CONCLUSION: Establishing a comprehensive EoL care volunteer service for patients in non-specialist palliative care wards involves multiple considerations including training, creating awareness and ensuring management support. Implementation requires involvement of stakeholders in a way that enables medical EoL care and volunteering to co-exist. Further research is needed to explore how trust and equal partnerships between volunteers and professional staff can be built and sustained. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT04678310. Registered 21/12/2020.


Asunto(s)
Pandemias , Cuidado Terminal , Humanos , Cuidado Terminal/métodos , Cuidados Paliativos , Hospitales , Voluntarios , Investigación Cualitativa
7.
Br J Community Nurs ; 29(4): 177-183, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564438

RESUMEN

AIMS: The aim of this research was to understand what influences specialist palliative care nurses working in a community setting to engage with research. METHODS: Qualitative research using interviews with community based clinical nurse specialists (CNS). FINDINGS: A total of five themes were identified: research negativity and enthusiasm, clinical focus, audits, organisational support and keeping up to date. CONCLUSION: Except for audit activity, CNS do not view the research pillar as an integral part of their clinical role. Previous research education may not give the CNS the breadth of research skills that they require. The advance professional apprenticeship may resolve these education issues. Managers and organisations need to prioritise EBP skills; supporting nurses with both education and EBP mentors to develop these skills. Nurses require ongoing time to engage with research activity and use these skills to improve both their own clinical practice and those who use them as a research resource.


Asunto(s)
Enfermeras Clínicas , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Investigación Cualitativa
8.
Dimens Crit Care Nurs ; 43(3): 146-157, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564457

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: It is important to understand the concept of comfort as a whole to build an assistance intervention plan that meets the person's needs. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor and assess the person's sleep by considering the surrounding environment, to provide a comfortable environment that is quiet and provides privacy, especially in contexts of difficult management of environmental factors in the approach to the person in critical condition. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to map the nursing interventions that promote sleep-promoting environmental comfort in critically ill people and identify the instruments to assess sleep in critically ill people. METHODS: This is a scoping review based on the methodological strategy of the Joanna Briggs Institute for Scoping Reviews. The search was conducted on February 17 and 18, 2022, in the databases CINAHL, Cochrane Library Plus, PubMed, JBI Evidence Synthesis, SciELO, DANS Easy Archive, RCAAP, and DART-Europe using the Boolean phrase search strategy: "Hospital Emergency Service" OR "Critical Care" AND "Sleep" NOT "Children" AND Nurs*. We included all studies, conducted in any contextual setting, in Portuguese, English, or Spanish, on adult patients with acute and/or critical illness in intensive care and/or emergency units, which addressed nursing interventions that contribute to environmental comfort and promote sleep. Studies on pregnant or puerperal women, persons with psychiatric disorders, and those at the end of life or in palliative care were excluded. RESULTS: Twenty-one articles were included in this scoping review. Three categories of nursing interventions emerged: person centered (14 interventions), environment centered (37 interventions), and nurse role centered (45 interventions). Three categories of instruments for sleep assessment emerged, in particular: quality of sleep (12 instruments), environmental effects on a night's sleep (2 instruments), and influence on sleep practices in the intensive care unit (1 instrument). DISCUSSION: The use of instruments to monitor comfort and sleep allows for an accurate assessment of the impact of nurses' intervention focusing on sleep-promoting interventions aimed at comfort, for an improvement of sleep in critically ill patients. CONCLUSION: The interpretation of the content makes it clear that how critically ill patients in different contexts experience the environmental context positively or negatively conditions their comfort. In this sense, it is essential to reflect on these measures as a team so that everyone can apply them.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad Crítica , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Adulto , Embarazo , Humanos , Femenino , Cuidados Críticos , Cuidados Paliativos , Sueño
9.
Dimens Crit Care Nurs ; 43(3): 111-122, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564453

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Opportunities for communication and participation in decision making are limited for critically ill patients, but family members serving as surrogates enable empowerment of these patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore family members' engagement in symptom communication in the intensive care unit. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design using fieldwork methodology with triangulation of participant observation and individual interviews was conducted. Nine mechanically ventilated patients were observed in interaction with family members and clinicians in the intensive care unit. Six of the observed patients, 6 family members, and 9 clinicians were interviewed after participant observation. Field notes and transcripts were analyzed using Braun and Clarke's method of thematic analysis. RESULTS: Family members engaged actively in symptom communication, assessment, and management, and there were barriers and facilitators to family engagement. Three main themes and 9 subthemes describing family engagement emerged: (1) intermediary role (recognize and report symptoms, provide patient information, and assist in communication), (2) independent role (provide familiarity, manage symptoms, and promote patient communication), and (3) conditions for family engagement (intensive care unit environment, relationship with the patient, and patient preferences). DISCUSSION: Family members have unique knowledge of the patient that differs from and complement the competence of the staff, and might contribute to improved symptom communication. Future research should examine how family members can contribute to symptom communication, assessment, and management.


Asunto(s)
Familia , Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Humanos , Investigación Cualitativa , Comunicación , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos
10.
Dtsch Med Wochenschr ; 149(8): 447-453, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565118

RESUMEN

Comprehensive Cancer Care stands for a concept of broad care providing substantial benefits to cancer patients. Beside prevention of cancer as first pillar and curative therapy as second pillar, comprehensive care also encompasses palliative care representing a third pillar providing service for incurable cancer patients burdened with physical symptoms and psychological, social and spiritual needs. This article describes the integration of palliative medicine into comprehensive cancer care for patients with gastrointestinal cancer.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Gastrointestinales , Neoplasias , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos/psicología , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinales/terapia , Calidad de Vida/psicología
11.
Curr Opin Cardiol ; 39(3): 218-225, 2024 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567949

RESUMEN

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Heart failure (HF) is characterized by significant symptoms, compromised quality of life, frequent hospital admissions, and high mortality, and is therefore well suited to palliative care (PC) intervention. This review elaborates the current PC needs of patients with HF across the spectrum of disease, including patients who undergo advanced HF surgical therapies, and reviews the current data and future directions for PC integration in HF care. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with chronic HF, as well as those who are being evaluated for or who have undergone advanced HF surgical therapies such as left ventricular assist device or heart transplantation, have a number of PC needs, including decision-making, symptoms and quality of life, caregiver support, and end-of-life care. Available data primarily supports the use of PC interventions in chronic HF to improve quality of life and symptoms. PC skills and teams may also help address preparedness planning, adverse events, and psychosocial barriers in patients who have had HF surgeries, but more data are needed to determine association with outcomes. SUMMARY: Patients with HF have tremendous PC needs across the spectrum of disease. Despite this, more data are needed to determine the optimal timing and structure of PC interventions in patients with chronic HF, left ventricular assist device, and heart transplantation. Future steps must be taken in clinical, research, and policy domains in order to optimize care.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Trasplante de Corazón , Cuidado Terminal , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , Calidad de Vida , Enfermedad Crónica
12.
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 36(4): 199-201, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568145

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: Despite the best efforts of modern health care and critical care providers, many patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) will still die each year. The need for palliative care services in the ICU is common. Although specialty palliative care services provide excellent care and are a tremendous resource, every critical care provider should be able to provide the basics of palliative care themselves through the model of primary palliative care. Although it may be uncomfortable for the critical care provider at first, providing palliative care to our ICU patients can be a very rewarding experience. In this article, I discuss best practices for handling difficult conversations with patients and their families, helping patients and families make difficult decisions regarding the goals of care, and managing symptoms at the end of life.


Asunto(s)
Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Cuidados Críticos , Muerte
13.
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 89, 2024 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566178

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: A standardized national approach to routinely assessing palliative care patients helps improve patient outcomes. However, a quality improvement program-based on person centered outcomes within palliative care is lacking in Mainland China. The well-established Australian Palliative Care Outcome Collaboration (PCOC) national model improves palliative care quality. This study aimed to culturally adapt and validate three measures that form part of the PCOC program for palliative care clinical practice in China: The PCOC Symptom Assessment Scale (PCOC SAS), Palliative Care Problem Severity Scale (PCPSS), Palliative Care Phase. METHODS: A study was conducted on cross-cultural adaptation and validation of PCOC SAS, PCPSS and Palliative Care Phase, involving translation methods, cognitive interviewing, and psychometric testing through paired assessments. RESULTS: Cross-cultural adaptation highlighted the need to strengthen the link between the patient's care plan and the outcome measures to improve outcomes, and the concept of distress in PCOC SAS. Analysis of 368 paired assessments (n = 135 inpatients, 22 clinicians) demonstrated that the PCOC SAS and PCPSS had good and acceptable coherence (Cronbach's a = 0.85, 0.75 respectively). Palliative Care Phase detected patients' urgent needs. PCOC SAS and PCPSS showed fair discriminant and concurrent validity. Inter-rater reliability was fair for Palliative Care Phase (k = 0.31) and PCPSS (k = 0.23-0.30), except for PCPSS-pain, which was moderate (k = 0.53). CONCLUSIONS: The Chinese version of PCOC SAS, PCPSS, and Palliative Care Phase can be used to assess outcomes as part of routine clinical practice in Mainland China. Comprehensive clinical education regarding the assessment tools is necessary to help improve the inter-rater reliability.


Asunto(s)
Comparación Transcultural , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Sistemas de Atención de Punto , Australia , Evaluación de Resultado en la Atención de Salud/métodos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
14.
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 83, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556869

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Due to limited numbers of palliative care specialists and/or resources, accessing palliative care remains limited in many low and middle-income countries. Data science methods, such as rule-based algorithms and text mining, have potential to improve palliative care by facilitating analysis of electronic healthcare records. This study aimed to develop and evaluate a rule-based algorithm for identifying cancer patients who may benefit from palliative care based on the Thai version of the Supportive and Palliative Care Indicators for a Low-Income Setting (SPICT-LIS) criteria. METHODS: The medical records of 14,363 cancer patients aged 18 years and older, diagnosed between 2016 and 2020 at Songklanagarind Hospital, were analyzed. Two rule-based algorithms, strict and relaxed, were designed to identify key SPICT-LIS indicators in the electronic medical records using tokenization and sentiment analysis. The inter-rater reliability between these two algorithms and palliative care physicians was assessed using percentage agreement and Cohen's kappa coefficient. Additionally, factors associated with patients might be given palliative care as they will benefit from it were examined. RESULTS: The strict rule-based algorithm demonstrated a high degree of accuracy, with 95% agreement and Cohen's kappa coefficient of 0.83. In contrast, the relaxed rule-based algorithm demonstrated a lower agreement (71% agreement and Cohen's kappa of 0.16). Advanced-stage cancer with symptoms such as pain, dyspnea, edema, delirium, xerostomia, and anorexia were identified as significant predictors of potentially benefiting from palliative care. CONCLUSION: The integration of rule-based algorithms with electronic medical records offers a promising method for enhancing the timely and accurate identification of patients with cancer might benefit from palliative care.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Registros Electrónicos de Salud , Neoplasias/terapia , Minería de Datos , Algoritmos
15.
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 85, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556894

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There is a severe shortage of corneas for donation, globally, for transplantation and research purposes. One group of individuals who could potentially be donors are those who die within the inpatient palliative care unit. The aim of the study was to understand clinician and patient perceptions of corneal donations and discussion of donation in palliative care units. METHODS: A qualitative design was utilised with data collected through semi-structured interviews and analysed using qualitative content analysis. A total of 46 interviews were undertaken involving inpatient palliative care unit patients (19) and clinicians (27) in three major inpatient palliative care units in South Australia. RESULTS: Very few patient participants reported being asked about corneal donations during their time in palliative care. Most inpatient palliative care unit clinicians did not raise the topic as they felt other areas of care took precedence. Inpatient palliative care unit patients thought if inpatient palliative care unit clinicians did not raise the topic, then it was not important. There were some differences between patient and clinician views, such as preference about who raises the possibility of donation and when the discussion might occur. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that patients are receptive to discussing corneal donations, but clinicians are not initiating these. This is a missed opportunity for donors and potential recipients. We recommend that clinicians routinely discuss eye donation as part of palliative care.


Asunto(s)
Enfermería de Cuidados Paliativos al Final de la Vida , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Córnea , Pacientes Internos , Australia del Sur , Investigación Cualitativa
16.
Br J Hosp Med (Lond) ; 85(3): 1-8, 2024 Mar 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557099

RESUMEN

Enhanced supportive care is a care model providing earlier access to multiprofessional, coordinated care for patients from the point of cancer diagnosis. As a proactive model of care, it stands as a contrast to providing access to a multidisciplinary team once a patient has hit a crisis point, or when their prognosis has become sufficiently poor that they are able to access traditional end-of-life services. Its arrival in the UK through palliative care teams working in cancer care has led to enhanced supportive care being synonymous with early palliative care. While enhanced supportive care has enabled early palliative care, as it has become more embedded in the UK, it has taken on a wider remit for patients living longer with cancer and the management of side effects. Enhanced supportive care services have also begun to provide care for cancer survivors. Enhanced supportive care services have a key role in modern cancer care in maintaining and improving patients' quality of life alongside cancer treatment and ensuring that patients' priorities and preferences for treatment are considered. Furthermore, enhanced supportive care has been shown to support the wider healthcare system by creating capacity within the NHS, reducing demand on hospital services and saving money. As enhanced supportive care services continue to grow and venture into the care and support of cancer survivors and those receiving potentially curative treatments, ongoing work is needed to determine how these services can be made available throughout the NHS and how a shared vision of the way enhanced supportive care operates can be realised.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Cuidado Terminal , Humanos , Calidad de Vida , Cuidados Paliativos , Neoplasias/terapia , Atención a la Salud
17.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 310, 2024 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570758

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The anticipatory prescribing of injectable controlled drugs (ICDs) by general practitioners (GPs) to care home residents is common practice and is believed to reduce emergency hospital transfers at the end-of-life. However, evidence about the process of ICD prescribing and how it affects residents' hospital transfer is limited. The study examined how care home nurses and senior carers (senior staff) describe their role in ICDs prescribing and identify that role to affect residents' hospital transfers at the end-of-life. METHODS: 1,440 h of participant observation in five care homes in England between May 2019 and March 2020. Semi-structured interviews with a range of staff. Interviews (n = 25) and fieldnotes (2,761 handwritten A5 pages) were analysed thematically. RESULTS: Senior staff request GPs to prescribe ICDs ahead of residents' expected death and review prescribed ICDs for as long as residents survive. Senior staff use this mechanism to ascertain the clinical appropriateness of withholding potentially life-extending emergency care (which usually led to hospital transfer) and demonstrate safe care provision to GPs certifying the medical cause of death. This enables senior staff to facilitate a care home death for residents experiencing uncertain dying trajectories. CONCLUSION: Senior staff use GPs' prescriptions and reviews of ICDs to pre-empt hospital transfers at the end-of-life. Policy should indicate a clear timeframe for ICD review to make hospital transfer avoidance less reliant on trust between senior staff and GPs. The timeframe should match the period before death allowing GPs to certify death without triggering a Coroner's referral.


Asunto(s)
Casas de Salud , Cuidado Terminal , Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , Investigación Cualitativa , Hospitales , Muerte
18.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(5): 275, 2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589750

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This review aimed to assess the measurement and reporting of time toxicity (i.e., time spent receiving care) within prospective oncologic studies. METHODS: On July 23, 2023, PubMed, Scopus, and Embase were queried for prospective or randomized controlled trials (RCT) from 1984 to 2023 that reported time toxicity as a primary or secondary outcome for oncologic treatments or interventions. Secondary analyses of RCTs were included if they reported time toxicity. The included studies were then evaluated for how they reported and defined time toxicity. RESULTS: The initial query identified 883 records, with 10 studies (3 RCTs, 2 prospective cohort studies, and 5 secondary analyses of RCTs) meeting the final inclusion criteria. Treatment interventions included surgery (n = 5), systemic therapies (n = 4), and specialized palliative care (n = 1). The metric "days alive and out of the hospital" was used by 80% (n = 4) of the surgical studies. Three of the surgical studies did not include time spent receiving ambulatory care within the calculation of time toxicity. "Time spent at home" was assessed by three studies (30%), each using different definitions. The five secondary analyses from RCTs used more comprehensive metrics that included time spent receiving both inpatient and ambulatory care. CONCLUSIONS: Time toxicity is infrequently reported within oncologic clinical trials, with no standardized definition, metric, or methodology. Further research is needed to identify best practices in the measurement and reporting of time toxicity to develop strategies that can be implemented to reduce its burden on patients seeking cancer care.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Humanos , Neoplasias/tratamiento farmacológico , Cuidados Paliativos
20.
Lakartidningen ; 1212024 Apr 09.
Artículo en Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591840

RESUMEN

The WHO definition of paediatric palliative care (PPC) emphasises the role of active multidimensional care, carried out with interdisciplinary competence, and providing support to the entire family. The aim of the current national study was to investigate whether parents perceived that their child received palliative care (PC) before the child died of cancer and the parent's view of the care during the child's last month of life. In 2016, parents (n=226) completed a study-specific survey, and a majority reported that their child had received PC with good professional competence. However, many parents reported that the child was greatly affected by pain in the last month of life. Geographical differences indicated that parents who live in sparsely populated areas to a lesser extent reported that their child received PC. Lastly, our conclusion is that access to equal PPC and improved symptom control is crucial for children and their families.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias , Cuidados Paliativos , Niño , Humanos , Padres , Neoplasias/terapia , Dolor , Muerte
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