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1.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 24(1): 469, 2024 Apr 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622660

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: China has piloted Long-Term Care Insurance (LTCI) to address increasing care demand. However, many cities neglected adjusting LTCI premiums since the pilot, risking the long-term sustainability of LTCI. Therefore, using Zhejiang Province as a case, this study simulated mortality-adjusted long-term care demand and the balance of LTCI funds through dynamic financing mechanism under diverse life expectancy and disability scenarios. METHODS: Three-parameter log-quadratic model was used to estimate the mortality from 1990 to 2020. Mortality with predicted interval from 2020 to 2080 was projected by Lee-Carter method extended with rotation. Cohort-component projection model was used to simulate the number of older population with different degrees of disability. Disability data of the older people is sourced from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study 2018. The balance of LTCI fund was simulated by dynamic financing actuarial model. RESULTS: Life expectancy of Zhejiang for male (female) is from 80.46 (84.66) years in 2020 to 89.39 [86.61, 91.74] (91.24 [88.90, 93.25]) years in 2080. The number of long-term care demand with severe disability in Zhejiang demonstrates an increasing trend from 285 [276, 295] thousand in 2023 to 1027 [634, 1657] thousand in 2080 under predicted mean of life expectancy. LTCI fund in Zhejiang will become accumulated surplus from 2024 to 2080 when annual premium growth rate is 5.25% [4.20%, 6.25%] under various disability scenarios, which is much higher than the annual growth of unit cost of long-term care services (2.25%). The accumulated balance of LTCI fund is sensitive with life expectancy. CONCLUSIONS: Dynamic growth of LTCI premium is essential in dealing with current deficit around 2050 and realizing Zhejiang's LTCI sustainability in the long-run. The importance of dynamic monitoring disability and mortality information is emphasized to respond immediately to the increase of premiums. LTCI should strike a balance between expanding coverage and controlling financing scale. This study provides implications for developing countries to establish or pilot LTCI schemes.


Asunto(s)
Seguro de Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Anciano , Estudios Longitudinales , Esperanza de Vida , China
2.
BMJ Open Qual ; 13(2)2024 Apr 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589056

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The devastating impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on long-term care (LTC) homes underscores the importance of effective pandemic preparedness and response. This mixed-methods, implementation science study investigated how a virtual-based quality improvement (QI) collaborative approach can improve uptake of pandemic-related promising practices and shared learning across six LTC homes in British Columbia, Canada in 2021 during the COVID-19 pandemic health emergency. METHODS: QI teams consisting of residents, family/informal caregivers, care providers and leadership in LTC homes are supported by QI facilitation and shared learning through virtual communication platforms. QI projects address gaps in outbreak preparation, prevention and response; planning for care; staffing; and family presence. Thematically analysed semi-structured qualitative interviews and a validated questionnaire on organisational readiness investigated participants' perceptions of challenges, success factors and benefits of participating in the virtual QI collaborative approach. RESULTS: Nine themes were identified through interview analysis, including two related to challenges (ie, making time for QI and hands tied by external forces), four regarding factors for successes (ie, team buy-in, working together as a team, bringing together diverse perspectives and facilitators keep us on track) and three on the benefits of the QI collaborative approach (ie, seeing improvements, staff empowerment and appetite for change). Continuous QI facilitation and coaching for QI teams was feasible and sustainable virtually via video conferencing (Zoom). The QI team members showed limited engagement on the virtual communication platform (Slack), which was predominantly used by the implementation science team and QI facilitators to coordinate the study and QI projects, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The virtual-based QI collaborative approach to pandemic preparedness supported LTC homes to rapidly and successfully form multidisciplinary QI teams, learn about QI methods and conduct timely QI projects to implement promising practice for improved COVID-19 pandemic response.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Mejoramiento de la Calidad , Humanos , Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Pandemias/prevención & control , 60514 , Colombia Británica
3.
Antimicrob Resist Infect Control ; 13(1): 43, 2024 Apr 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627795

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Widespread inappropriate use of antimicrobial substances drives resistance development worldwide. In long-term care facilities (LTCF), antibiotics are among the most frequently prescribed medications. More than one third of antimicrobial agents prescribed in LTCFs are for urinary tract infections (UTI). We aimed to increase the number of appropriate antimicrobial treatments for UTIs in LTCFs using a multi-faceted antimicrobial stewardship intervention. METHODS: We performed a non-randomized cluster-controlled intervention study. Four LTCFs of the Geriatric Health Centers Graz were the intervention group, four LTCFs served as control group. The main components of the intervention were: voluntary continuing medical education for primary care physicians, distribution of a written guideline, implementation of the project homepage to distribute guidelines and videos and onsite training for nursing staff. Local nursing staff recorded data on UTI episodes in an online case report platform. Two blinded reviewers assessed whether treatments were adequate. RESULTS: 326 UTI episodes were recorded, 161 in the intervention group and 165 in the control group. During the intervention period, risk ratio for inadequate indication for treatment was 0.41 (95% CI 0.19-0.90), p = 0.025. In theintervention group, the proportion of adequate antibiotic choices increased from 42.1% in the pre-intervention period, to 45.9% during the intervention and to 51% in the post-intervention period (absolute increase of 8.9%). In the control group, the proportion was 36.4%, 33.3% and 33.3%, respectively. The numerical difference between intervention group and control group in the post-intervention period was 17.7% (difference did not reach statistical significance). There were no significant differences between the control group and intervention group in the safety outcomes (proportion of clinical failure, number of hospital admissions due to UTI and adverse events due to antimicrobial treatment). CONCLUSIONS: An antimicrobial stewardship program consisting of practice guidelines, local and web-based education for nursing staff and general practitioners resulted in a significant increase in adequate treatments (in terms of decision to treat the UTI) during the intervention period. However, this difference was not maintained in the post-intervention phase. Continued efforts to improve the quality of prescriptions further are necessary. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov NCT04798365.


Asunto(s)
Antiinfecciosos , Programas de Optimización del Uso de los Antimicrobianos , Infecciones Urinarias , Humanos , Anciano , Cuidados a Largo Plazo/métodos , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico , Antiinfecciosos/uso terapéutico , Casas de Salud , Infecciones Urinarias/tratamiento farmacológico
4.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1320896, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590810

RESUMEN

Background: Neglect is a common form of abuse, and long-term care facilities record higher incidences of this abuse. Given that older adult care workers are the main workforce in these facilities, their neglectful behavior requires public health attention. Internal individual characteristics can lead to older adult abuse, and managing workers who abuse older adults may require various methods. This study aimed to identify the profiles of neglect among older adult care workers in long-term care facilities and explore the influencing factors of neglect. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a convenience sample of older adult care workers from 15 long-term care facilities in Shandong Province (N = 421) completed a questionnaire on the characteristics associated with neglect. Latent profile analysis was used to identify distinct neglect profiles and promote the understanding of individual characteristics associated with varying levels of neglect. One-way analysis of variance and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to examine the population characteristic differences. Results: Older adult care workers exhibited three neglect profiles, namely, the "low-risk group," "medium-risk group," and "high-risk group." Males, participants with no employment qualification certificate, and those who did not attend regular training represented the majority of those in the "high-risk group." Participants with a monthly income of more than ¥ 4,000 and nursing 1-2 older adults simultaneously represented the majority of those in the "low-risk group." Conclusion: Long-term care facility administrators should tailor interventions to individual care worker profiles to reduce neglect behaviors and improve care levels.


Asunto(s)
Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Casas de Salud , Masculino , Humanos , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Factores de Riesgo
5.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 954, 2024 Apr 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575900

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Policy effect might be multidimensional and spill over to non-recipients. It is unclear how the implementation of Long-Term Care Insurance (LTCI) policy affects depression in non-disabled people and how this effect differs in different non-disabled groups. METHODS: Using time-varying differences-in-differences method and nationally representative health survey data in wave 2011, wave 2013, wave 2015 and wave 2018 from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study, we assessed the effect of LTCI policy on depression in non-disabled people aged 45 years and older, and discussed the heterogeneity of effect across different population characteristics: retirement, financial support and social participation status. RESULTS: We found LTCI policy statistically significant reduced depression by 0.76 units in non-disabled people compared to non-pilot cities. Depression in non-disabled people who unretired, with financial support and without social participation was reduced by 0.8267, 0.7079 and 1.2161 units, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Depression in non-disabled people was statistically significant reduced because of LTCI policy in China, and non-disabled people who unretired, with financial support and without social participation benefited more from LTCI policy. Our findings highlight the depression-reducing effect of LTCI policy in non-recipients and suggest that non-disabled people who unretired, with financial support and without social participation should be concerned during LTCI policy progress.


Asunto(s)
Depresión , Seguro de Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Depresión/epidemiología , Participación Social , Políticas , China/epidemiología , Cuidados a Largo Plazo
6.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 422, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580950

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The challenges to conducting oral health studies involving older people in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) must be debated. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate researchers' perceptions and experiences while conducting an epidemiological survey on oral health among older individuals residing in LTCFs. METHODS: A qualitative study was conducted involving six researchers who utilized field diaries to record their impressions during data collection through interviews (older individuals (or their proxies), caregivers, and LTCF coordinators) and oral examinations of the older people participants. Additionally, researchers responded to open-ended questions about their experiences. The collected material was subjected to content analysis by two researchers. RESULTS: The themes that emerged from the analysis were institutional context, aspects affecting the operationalization of the study, and data collection oriented by the clinical-functional profile of the older people. According to the researchers' perceptions, LTCF coordinators demonstrated concern for the study's benefits for older adults and the preservation of institutional routines during the research process. Caregivers emerged as vital sources of information, guiding researchers in navigating the challenges posed by the physical and mental complexities of the older people participants, necessitating empathy, sensitivity, and attentive listening from the researchers. The organization of materials and a streamlined data collection process proved essential for optimizing time efficiency and reducing stress for participants and researchers. CONCLUSION: The researchers recognized the important role played by LTCF coordinators and formal caregivers, underscoring the significance of empathetic methodologies and streamlined data collection processes in mitigating the challenges inherent to research conducted within LTCFs.


Asunto(s)
Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Salud Bucal , Humanos , Anciano
7.
Int J Older People Nurs ; 19(3): e12610, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38618707

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Multiple nutritional screening tools are available for older people; however, few screening tools include specific eating behaviours as risk factors that could lead to poor food intake. The 24-item mealtime observation checklist (MOCL), developed by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in 2015, comprises signs, symptoms and conditions during mealtime that reflect eating and swallowing functions and oral conditions. OBJECTIVES: To examine factors associated with malnutrition among the MOCL items in older people. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using data from a retrospective cohort study conducted at four long-term care facilities in Japan. Among the older people residing in the facilities, 198 who received oral intake support were included in the analyses. Nutritional status was assessed using the Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA®-SF), and comparisons were made between 'malnutrition' and 'at-risk or well-nourished'. The association between each MOCL item and malnutrition was assessed using multivariable logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Of the 198 participants, 98 (49.5%) were classified as 'malnutrition', 98 (49.5%) as 'at-risk' and 2 (1%) as 'well-nourished' by MNA®-SF. After adjusting for participant characteristics such as age and sex, significant associations with malnutrition were observed for four items from the 24-item MOCL: 'Has fatigue due to extended mealtime (odds ratio [OR] = 3.20, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.36-7.53)', 'Food residues in the oral cavity are conspicuous (OR = 2.77, 95% CI: 1.38-5.52)', 'Has difficulty swallowing food and takes time to swallow (OR = 3.78, 95% CI: 1.45-9.84)' and 'Assisted feeding is required (OR = 3.70, 95% CI: 1.73-7.91)'. CONCLUSIONS: The four signs, symptoms and conditions during mealtime identified in this study may be associated with malnutrition in older people. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: These may indicate the potential eating problems that can lead to malnutrition. By incorporating them into early intervention and prevention measures, health care providers may help prevent malnutrition and improve the nutritional status of older people.


Asunto(s)
Lista de Verificación , Desnutrición , Humanos , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Evaluación Nutricional , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estado Nutricional , Desnutrición/diagnóstico , Comidas
8.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 324, 2024 Apr 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594644

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Active involvement of persons living with dementia (PLWD) and long-term care (LTC) users in research is essential but less developed compared to other patient groups. However, their involvement in research is not only important but also feasible. This study aims to provide an overview of methods, facilitators, and barriers for involving PLWD and LTC users in scientific research. METHODS: A systematic literature search across 12 databases in December 2020 identified studies involving PLWD, LTC users, or their carers beyond research subjects and describing methods or models for involvement. Qualitative descriptions of involvement methods underwent a risk of bias assessment using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) Qualitative Checklist 2018. A data collection sheet in Microsoft Excel and thematic analysis were used to synthesize the results. RESULTS: The eighteen included studies delineated five core involvement methods spanning all research phases: advisory groups, formal and informal research team meetings, action groups, workshops, and co-conducting interviews. Additionally, two co-research models with PLWD and carers were found, while only two studies detailed LTC user involvement methods. Four distinct involvement roles were identified: consulting and advisory roles, co-analysts, co-researchers, and partners. The review also addressed barriers, facilitators, and good practices in the preparation, execution, and translation phases of research, emphasizing the importance of diversity, bias reduction, and resource allocation. Trust-building, clear roles, ongoing training, and inclusive support were highlighted. CONCLUSIONS: Planning enough time for active involvement is important to ensure that researchers have time to build a trusting relationship and meet personal needs and preferences of PLWD, LTC users and carers. Researchers are advised not to presume the meaning of burden and to avoid a deficit perspective. A flexible or emergent design could aid involved persons' ownership of the research process. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Prospero 2021: CRD42021253736.


Asunto(s)
Demencia , Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Humanos , Cuidadores , Demencia/diagnóstico , Demencia/terapia
9.
Age Ageing ; 53(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557665

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Advancing health equity requires more contextualised evidence. OBJECTIVES: To synthesise published evidence using an existing framework on the origins of health disparities and determine care-related outcome disparities for residents of long-term care, comparing minoritised populations to the context-specific dominant population. DESIGN: Systematic review. SUBJECTS: Residents of 24-hour long-term care homes. METHODS: The protocol was registered a priori with PROSPERO (CRD42021269489). Literature published between 1 January 2000 and 26 September 2021, was searched, including studies comparing baseline characteristics and outcomes in minoritised versus dominant populations. Dual screening, two-reviewer verification for extraction, and risk of bias assessments were conducted to ensure rigour. Studies were synthesized using a conceptual framework to contextualise evidence according to multi-level factors contributing to the development of care disparities. RESULTS: Twenty-one of 34 included studies demonstrated disparities in care outcomes for minoritised groups compared to majority groups. Thirty-one studies observed differences in individual-level characteristics (e.g. age, education, underlying conditions) upon entry to homes, with several outcome disparities (e.g. restraint use, number of medications) present at baseline and remaining or worsening over time. Significant gaps in evidence were identified, particularly an absence of literature on provider information and evidence on the experience of intersecting minority identities that contribute to care-related outcome disparities in long-term care. CONCLUSION: This review found differences in minoritised populations' care-related outcomes. The findings provide guidance for future health equity policy and research-supporting diverse and intersectional capacity building in long-term care.


Asunto(s)
Equidad en Salud , Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Humanos
10.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 36(1): 86, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558209

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Many older adults residing in long-term care often face issues like poor sleep, reduced vitality, and depression. Non-pharmacological approaches, specifically Binaural Beat Music (BBM) and Rhythmic Photic Stimulation (RPS), may alleviate these symptoms, yet their efficacy in this demographic has not been extensively explored. AIMS: This study investigated the effects of combined BBM and RPS interventions on sleep quality, vitality, and depression among older residents with depressive symptoms in long-term care facilities. METHODS: Using a quasi-experimental design, a total of 88 older adults with depressive symptoms from Taiwanese daytime care centers were divided into the BBM with RPS, and Sham groups (44 each). They underwent 20-minute daily sessions of their assigned treatment for two weeks. The BBM with RPS group listened to 10 Hz binaural beat music with 10 Hz photic stimulation glasses, and the Sham group received non-stimulating music and glasses. RESULTS: After the intervention, participants in the BBM with RPS groups showed significant improvements in vitality and depressive mood, with a notable increase in sympathetic nervous system activity. Conversely, the Sham group exhibited significant deterioration in vitality and mental health, with a significant increase in parasympathetic activity. Additionally, compared with the Sham group, the BBM and RPS groups showed significant improvements in vitality, mental health, and depression, with a significant increase in sympathetic nervous activity. CONCLUSION: The two-week intervention suggests that the combination of BBM and RPS, as a non-invasive intervention, can potentially improve vitality, mental health, and depressive mood among older adults in long-term care institutions.


Asunto(s)
Depresión , Música , Humanos , Anciano , Depresión/terapia , Depresión/diagnóstico , Proyectos Piloto , Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Estimulación Luminosa
11.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 330, 2024 Apr 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600482

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Agitation and/or aggression affect up to 60% of persons living with dementia in long-term care (LTC). It can be treated via non-pharmacological and pharmacological interventions, but the former are underused in clinical practice. In the literature, there is currently a lack of understanding of the challenges to caring for agitation and/or aggression among persons living with dementia in LTC. This study assesses what barriers and facilitators across the spectrum of care exist for agitation and/or aggression among people with dementia in LTC across stakeholder groups. METHODS: This was a qualitative study that used semi-structured interviews among persons involved in the care and/or planning of care for people with dementia in LTC. Participants were recruited via purposive and snowball sampling, with the assistance of four owner-operator models. Interviews were guided by the Theoretical Domains Framework and transcribed and analyzed using Framework Analysis. RESULTS: Eighteen interviews were conducted across 5 stakeholder groups. Key identified barriers were a lack of agitation and/or aggression diagnostic measures, limited training for managing agitation and/or aggression in LTC, an overuse of physical and chemical restraints, and an underuse of non-pharmacological interventions. Facilitators included using an interdisciplinary team to deliver care and having competent and trained healthcare providers to administer non-pharmacological interventions. CONCLUSIONS: This study advances care for persons living with dementia in LTC by drawing attention to unique and systemic barriers present across local and national Canadian LTC facilities. Findings will support future implementation research endeavours to eliminate these identified barriers across the spectrum of care, thus improving care outcomes among people with dementia in LTC.


Asunto(s)
Demencia , Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Humanos , Agresión , Demencia/diagnóstico , Demencia/epidemiología , Demencia/terapia , Canadá , Instituciones de Cuidados Especializados de Enfermería
12.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 24(1): 453, 2024 Apr 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600493

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Persons with severe Multiple Sclerosis (PwsMS) face complex needs and daily limitations that make it challenging to receive optimal care. The implementation and coordination of health care, social services, and support in financial affairs can be particularly time consuming and burdensome for both PwsMS and caregivers. Care and case management (CCM) helps ensure optimal individual care as well as care at a higher-level. The goal of the current qualitative study was to determine the experiences of PwsMS, caregivers and health care specialists (HCSs) with the CCM. METHODS: In the current qualitative sub study, as part of a larger trial, in-depth semi-structured interviews with PwsMS, caregivers and HCSs who had been in contact with the CCM were conducted between 02/2022 and 01/2023. Data was transcribed, pseudonymized, tested for saturation and analyzed using structuring content analysis according to Kuckartz. Sociodemographic and interview characteristics were analyzed descriptively. RESULTS: Thirteen PwsMS, 12 caregivers and 10 HCSs completed interviews. Main categories of CCM functions were derived deductively: (1) gatekeeper function, (2) broker function, (3) advocacy function, (4) outlook on CCM in standard care. Subcategories were then derived inductively from the interview material. 852 segments were coded. Participants appreciated the CCM as a continuous and objective contact person, a person of trust (92 codes), a competent source of information and advice (on MS) (68 codes) and comprehensive cross-insurance support (128 codes), relieving and supporting PwsMS, their caregivers and HCSs (67 codes). CONCLUSIONS: Through the cross-sectoral continuous support in health-related, social, financial and everyday bureaucratic matters, the CCM provides comprehensive and overriding support and relief for PwsMS, caregivers and HCSs. This intervention bears the potential to be fine-tuned and applied to similar complex patient groups. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the University of Cologne (#20-1436), registered at the German Register for Clinical Studies (DRKS00022771) and in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.


Asunto(s)
Manejo de Caso , Esclerosis Múltiple , Humanos , Esclerosis Múltiple/terapia , Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Cuidadores , Servicio Social , Investigación Cualitativa
15.
Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil ; 22(1): 85-92, 2024 Mar 01.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573148

RESUMEN

Impairment of cognitive functions is the primary reason for admission to long-term care units, with executive functions playing a pivotal role in dependency and behavioral issues. These functions pose significant challenges to nursing staff in providing care. However, the assessment of executive functions in elderly individuals residing in nursing homes often relies on tests that are both time-consuming and difficult for this demographic. In many instances, executive functions are either not assessed or only examined in broad terms. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the feasibility of assessing executive functions in elderly nursing home residents, specifically aiming to distinguish sub-components such as mental flexibility, working memory, planning, and inhibition. The residents included in the study underwent executive function assessments over three visits, using various tests for each sub-component. METHODS: Out of 530 residents, 46 gave their consent and 38 completed the three visits, with an average age of 90±5 years (76.2% women) and a median MMSE score of 20/30. Feasibility was evaluated based on the test being executed and the frequency of interruptions due to difficulty or fatigue on the part of the resident. RESULTS: Only four tests proved suitable for elderly individuals in nursing homes, and we propose grouping them into a battery named SETE (Screening Executive Tests for Elderly): the conflicting instructions from the FAB, the alpha test, the clock test, and the verbal span test. CONCLUSION: The use of these four tests would enable the construction of a map delineating executive function impairment by sub-component. Enhanced knowledge of executive functions in long-term care residents will facilitate better adapted dependency management and the implementation of non-pharmacological interventions for behavioral disorders.


Asunto(s)
Cognición , Función Ejecutiva , Anciano , Humanos , Femenino , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Masculino , Hospitalización , Conocimiento , Cuidados a Largo Plazo
16.
Healthc Q ; 26(4): 31-35, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482646

RESUMEN

People-centred care is foundational to healthcare excellence. One urban Canadian long-term care residence recently participated in an initiative titled "Improving the Care Conference Experience" to engage residents and families in annual care conferences. The Institute for Healthcare Improvement introduced "care bundles" to group evidence-based practices within standard processes. For this initiative, one health region's Experience in Care team co-developed, implemented and evaluated an "experience bundle" for inclusive care conferences with key stakeholders including residents, family members, direct care providers and leadership. Our ongoing goal is to collaboratively create a culture shift from "doing to/for" to "doing with."


Asunto(s)
Atención a la Salud , Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Humanos , Canadá , Familia , Calidad de la Atención de Salud
17.
Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being ; 19(1): 2324495, 2024 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431906

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study uses an interpretive description approach to explore nurses' experiences with pressure sore care in long-term care facilities, highlighting the complexity of their encounters. METHODS: 10 experienced nurses from South Korean small to medium-sized hospitals were chosen via purposive sampling for interviews. Data analysis utilized Braun and Clarke's reflexive thematic analysis. RESULTS: The study's findings collectively reflect the intricate journey of nurses in Long-term care facilities as they grapple with the challenges of pressure sore care. These nurses transform their perception of pressure sores, encountering a dynamic shift in their understanding. They face multifaceted challenges in providing optimal care, marked by resource constraints and the absence of standardized guidelines. Emotionally, they navigate a complex terrain of sentiments, oscillating between feelings of accomplishment and helplessness. Despite these hurdles, they persistently strive for excellence in pressure sore nursing, driven by an unwavering commitment to delivering the best possible care within the confines of their healthcare environment. CONCLUSION: The study enhances understanding of pressure sore care in long-term facilities and suggests avenues for improving nursing practices and care quality through targeted interventions.


Asunto(s)
Úlcera por Presión , Humanos , Úlcera por Presión/terapia , Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Instituciones de Salud , Hospitales , Emociones
18.
Health Place ; 86: 103223, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479102

RESUMEN

Japan's population has been aging steadily, evidenced by it spending JPY 11 trillion (USD 110 billion) on annual long-term care (LTC) costs in 2021. In this context, understanding the factors influencing LTC costs has become increasingly vital. Although studies have reported positive relationships between neighborhood environment and health outcomes, the connection between LTC costs and neighborhood environment remains unclear. To address this gap in the literature, this cohort study, conducted from 2010 to 2019 across seven Japanese municipalities and involving 34,982 older people, examined the relationship between eight neighborhood environment elements and the mean monthly cumulate costs (MMCC) of LTC. The results showed that older people who reported the presence of fresh food stores nearby and dangerous places for walking alone at night in the neighborhood had lower MMCC, by JPY 1,367.6 and 1,383.3 per month, respectively, than respondents who did not report the presence of these neighborhood elements. Meanwhile, older people whose neighborhoods had easily accessible facilities had higher MMCC of JPY 739.4. This study's key findings reveal significant relationships between neighborhood environment elements and LTC costs and can be used to support developments in urban design to support healthy aging and reduced LTC costs.


Asunto(s)
Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Medio Social , Humanos , Anciano , Estudios de Cohortes , Japón , Costos y Análisis de Costo
19.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0300794, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512824

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Residents of long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are a population at high risk of developing severe healthcare associated infections (HAIs). In the assessment of HAIs in acute-care hospitals, selection bias can occur due to cases being over-represented: patients developing HAIs usually have longer lengths of stays compared to controls, and therefore have an increased probability of being sampled in PPS, leading to an overestimation of HAI prevalence. Our hypothesis was that in LTCFs, the opposite may occur: residents developing HAIs either may have a greater chance of being transferred to acute-care facilities or of dying, and therefore could be under-represented in PPS, leading to an underestimation of HAI prevalence. Our aim was to test this hypothesis by comparing HAI rates obtained through longitudinal and cross-sectional studies. METHODS: Results from two studies conducted simultaneously in four LTCFs in Italy were compared: a longitudinal study promoted by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC, HALT4 longitudinal study, H4LS), and a PPS. Prevalence was estimated from the PPS and converted into incidence per year using an adapted version of the Rhame and Sudderth formula proposed by the ECDC. Differences between incidence rates calculated from the PPS results and obtained from H4LS were investigated using the Byar method for rate ratio (RR). RESULTS: On the day of the PPS, HAI prevalence was 1.47% (95% confidence interval, CI 0.38-3.97), whereas the H4LS incidence rate was 3.53 per 1000 patient-days (PDs, 95% CI 2.99-4.08). Conversion of prevalence rates obtained through the PPS into incidence using the ECDC formula resulted in a rate of 0.86 per 1000 PDs (95% CI 0-2.68). Comparing the two rates, a RR of 0.24 (95% CI 0.03-2.03, p 0.1649) was found. CONCLUSIONS: This study did not find significant differences between HAI incidence estimates obtained from a longitudinal study and through conversion from PPS data. Results of this study support the validity of the ECDC method.


Asunto(s)
Infección Hospitalaria , Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Humanos , Incidencia , Prevalencia , Estudios Transversales , Estudios Longitudinales , Infección Hospitalaria/epidemiología
20.
BMC Pulm Med ; 24(1): 149, 2024 Mar 21.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515071

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Monoclonal antibodies (biologics) drastically changed severe asthma therapy. Mepolizumab (anti-interleukin (IL) 5), benralizumab (anti-IL5 receptor alpha), and dupilumab (anti-IL4/13) are the most used biologics in this context. While all biologics are efficient individually, the choice of biologic is complicated by insufficient data on their comparative long-term treatment efficacy. Here, we compare the real-life efficacy of these biologics in asthma therapy over 12 months. METHODS: 280 severe asthma patients treated with mepolizumab (129/280, 46%), benralizumab (83/280, 30%) or dupilumab (68/280, 24%) for one year were analyzed retrospectively. Data were collected at baseline and after 6 and 12 months of therapy. Endpoints were changes pulmonary function (PF), exacerbation rate, oral corticosteroid (OCS) use and dose, asthma control test (ACT) score and fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) levels as well as responder status measured by the recently published "Biologic Asthma Response Score" (BARS). RESULTS: All biologics led to significant improvements in PF, ACT and OCS dose. Only Mepolizumab and Benralizumab significantly decreased the exacerbation rate, while only Mepolizumab and Dupilumab significantly decreased FeNO. Responder rates measured by BARS were high across all groups: roughly half of all patients achieved full response and most of the remainder achieved at least partial responder status. Overall, outcomes were similar between groups after both 6 and 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: All biologics showed great efficacy in individual parameters and high responder rates measured by BARS without a clinically relevant advantage for any antibody. Response was usually achieved after 6 months and retained at 12 months, emphasizing the utility of early response assessment.


Asunto(s)
Antiasmáticos , Asma , Productos Biológicos , Humanos , Anticuerpos Monoclonales/uso terapéutico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Asma/tratamiento farmacológico , Cuidados a Largo Plazo , Antiasmáticos/uso terapéutico
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