Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 7.488
Filtrar
1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(1): 24-32, jan.-abr. 2021. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1148164

RESUMEN

O uso de próteses mal adaptadas pode ocasionar o surgimento de processos proliferativos não neoplásicos. A hiperplasia fibrosa inflamatória (HFI) é uma lesão benigna, proveniente de reação hiperplásica do tecido conjuntivo fibroso em resposta às injúrias crônicas de baixa intensidade. O objetivo do presente trabalho é relatar um caso clínico sobre remoção cirúrgica de HFI, seguida de reabilitação oral com próteses removíveis. Paciente de 75 anos do sexo masculino relatou que gostaria de fazer a troca da sua prótese, pois a mesma estava fraturada. Ao exame clínico intra-oral constatou-se que suas próteses possuíam higienização precária, e, a superior, possuía uma borda cortante que causou uma lesão hiperplásica na região de fundo de vestíbulo anterior. Quanto ao aspecto clínico, apresentava-se com consistência fibrosa e firme à palpação, de coloração semelhante a mucosa e assintomática. O plano de tratamento proposto foi reembasamento da prótese antiga com resina Soft Confort (Dencril, Brasil) eliminando as áreas que traumatizavam a mucosa, cirurgia pré-protética para a remoção da HFI, exame histopatológico e a confecção de novas próteses, sendo a superior prótese total convencional e a inferior prótese parcial removível. Observa-se a importância no cuidado do planejamento reabilitador protético dos pacientes, pois, como foi descrito neste caso, em algumas situações pode haver necessidade de lançarmos mão de diversas modalidades de tratamento prévias à reabilitação(AU)


The use of poorly adapted prostheses can lead to the emergence of non-neoplastic proliferative processes. Inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia (HFI) is a benign lesion, resulting from a hyperplastic reaction of fibrous connective tissue in response to low-intensity chronic injuries. The aim of the present study is to report a clinical case about surgical removal of HFI, followed by oral rehabilitation with removable prostheses. A 75-year-old male patient reported that he would like to change his prosthesis, because it was fractured. On intra-oral clinical examination, it was found that his prostheses had poor hygiene, and the upper one had a cutting edge that caused a hyperplastic lesion in the deep region of the anterior vestibule. As for the clinical aspect, it was fibrous and firm on palpation, mucosa-like and asymptomatic. The proposed treatment plan was to repurpose the old prosthesis with Soft Confort resin (Dencril, Brazil), eliminating the areas that traumatized the mucosa, pre-prosthetic surgery for the removal of HFI, histopathological examination and the making of new prostheses, the upper prosthesis being conventional total and the lower partial removable prosthesis. It is observed the importance in the care of the prosthetic rehabilitation planning of the patients, because, as it was described in this case, in some situations it may be necessary to resort to different treatment modalities prior to the rehabilitation(AU)


Asunto(s)
Diseño de Prótesis Dental , Hiperplasia , Tejido Conectivo , Dentadura Completa , Dentadura Parcial Removible , Rebasado de Dentaduras
2.
Prim Dent J ; 10(1): 96-100, 2021 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33722138

RESUMEN

Fabricating a crown for a tooth that serves as an abutment for an existing removable partial denture (RPD) provides a restorative challenge. Typically, the compromised tooth requiring an extra-coronal restoration is initially restored. It is followed by the construction of a new RPD that accurately fits the restored abutment. An increasingly common scenario is that the existing RPD is deemed clinically acceptable and, therefore, does not require replacing. This results in the clinical dilemma of fabricating a crown for an abutment tooth, while also considering how the contours of this restoration will fit with the RPD's clasps and rests. This can be achieved through the use of various techniques subdivided into indirect, direct and combined indirect-direct. This article describes an indirect-direct technique used in conjunction with the functionally generated path technique to achieve accurately a stable record of the patient's occlusion in the fabrication of a new crown to an existing RPD.


Asunto(s)
Dentadura Parcial Removible , Diente , Coronas , Pilares Dentales , Humanos
3.
J Prosthodont ; 30(S1): 78-83, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33783088

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Multiple clinical studies have been published comparing different philosophies of complete denture occlusion and different types of denture teeth. However, it is unclear whether comparable data are available for occlusal schemes used with removable partial dentures (RPDs). Therefore, this review investigated the dental literature related to occlusal schemes for RPDs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A PubMed search of English language articles was performed using the term "removable partial denture, occlusion" with 765 results. When the term "occlusion in removable partial prosthodontics" was used there were 784 results. Seventy-four articles were identified using the different search term of "RPD, occlusion" while use of the term "occlusal scheme, with removable partial dentures" listed 18 publications. The term "removable partial denture, occlusion, literature reviews" produced 38 potential publications related to the topic. Using the term "removable partial denture occlusion systematic review" resulted in 2 citations. Using the term "RPD occlusion literature review" resulted in one foreign language manuscript whereas using the term "RPD occlusion systematic review" resulted in one article unrelated to dentistry. The term "clinical studies of RPD occlusion" produced 5 results with none related to the topic. There were 23 results using the term "clinical studies of removable partial denture occlusion" with one potentially related to RPD occlusal schemes. RESULTS: A review of the titles and abstracts revealed 12 articles that appeared to contain specific information about the occlusal scheme used with RPDs. Following a detailed review of those publications, only 4 contained recommendations for RPD occlusion and were included in this review. The available information regarding the recommendations for occlusal schemes in these articles was based on expert opinion. A decision was made to include a hand search of 9 textbooks containing varying amounts of information related to occlusal schemes for RPDs, but no evidence-based references related to RPD occlusal schemes were found in the textbooks. Since this entire review is based on expert opinion, no attempt was made to critique the opinions expressed by these authors but rather to present their perspectives for evaluation by readers. CONCLUSIONS: The occlusion developed with RPDs should be physiologically harmonious, allowing the supporting structures to remain in a good state of health with functional stress distributed among all the occluding teeth. Multiple authors indicate the occlusion in maximum intercuspation/centric occlusion should incorporate bilateral posterior contacts with no deflective occlusal contacts. When most occlusal contacts on natural teeth are missing, it has been proposed that extension base RPDs have their occlusal contacts developed in centric occlusion. Regarding eccentric occlusal relationships, a balanced occlusal scheme has been recommended by multiple authors with one author advocating use of a lingualized balanced. An anterior guided (canine-protected) occlusion has also been recommended when the canines are present and not periodontally compromised. When RPDs oppose a complete denture, several authors indicate a bilateral balanced occlusion should be used to help stabilize the complete denture.


Asunto(s)
Dentadura Parcial Removible , Oclusión Dental , Oclusión Dental Balanceada , Diseño de Dentadura , Dentadura Completa
4.
Quintessence Int ; 0(0): 412-424, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33491387

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the loss of abutment teeth for double crown-retained removable partial dentures (DC-RPDs) compared to clasp-retained removable partial dentures (C-RPDs). Method and materials: A search was conducted in the Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science databases, and a manual search. The search was conducted based on the PICO framework with inclusion and exclusion criteria. After extracting the data of selected studies, a meta-analysis was performed to estimate abutment loss with 95% confidence interval (CI). The statistical significance was defined as P < .05, and the heterogeneity of the data was assessed based on the chi-squared test and I2 statistics. Risk of bias assessment was conducted using Cochrane Risk of Bias tool and Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Results: A total of 4,692 records were identified from electronic databases and 38 studies were included for quantitative synthesis of 3,393 subjects with 13,552 abutment teeth. A total of 1,226 abutment teeth were lost with > 4,016 RPDs. Seven studies were compounded for > 668 C-RPDs (mean follow-up time ≤ 5 years) and six studies for 893 C-RPDs (mean follow-up time < 5 years), where the estimates of abutment loss were 5% (95% CI 2% to 8%) and 8% (95% CI 5% to 13%), respectively. The data were not significantly different (P = .1), and were heterogenous between the studies (τ2 ≥ 0.34, I2 ≥ 87.38%). Thirteen studies were compounded for 1,223 DC-RPDs (mean follow-up time ≤ 5 years) and eight studies for 1,033 DC-RPDs (mean follow-up time > 5 years), where the estimates of abutment loss were 6% (95% CI 5% to 8%) and 12% (95% CI 8% to 18%), respectively. The data were heterogenous (τ2 ≥ 0.17, I2 ≥ 75.86%), and were significantly different between the studies (P = .005). Overall, C-RPDs were not significantly different from DC-RPDs in abutment loss (P ≥ .3). A significant predictor for abutment loss was follow-up time with DC-RPDs (P = .005), where the risk of abutment loss per year was 18% (P = .0001). In contrast, follow-up time was not a significant factor for C-RPDs (P = .1). None of the included studies were at high risk of bias. Conclusion: Within the limitations of the current systematic review and meta-analysis, abutment loss was not significantly different between C-RPDs and DC-RPDs. A significant predictor was follow-up time for DC-RPDs, whereas this factor was not significant for C-RPDs. Further research is needed to investigate critical factors for abutment loss with RPDs.


Asunto(s)
Dentadura Parcial Removible , Coronas , Pilares Dentales , Retención de Dentadura , Estudios de Seguimiento , Humanos
5.
Dent Mater J ; 40(2): 265-271, 2021 Mar 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33361665

RESUMEN

The purpose of this literature review was to verify the laboratory efficiency of additive manufacturing (AM) systems for removable partial denture (RPD) frameworks. All available relevant articles in English published from 1990 to 2020 were found by searching online databases and by hand research. A total of 17 articles dealt with the surface roughness, fitness accuracy, and retentive forces of AM frameworks. The surface roughness of AM was inferior to that of casting and milling. Whether conventional cast or AM RPD frameworks had superior fitness accuracy could not be clarified. As compared with casting and AM, milling enabled the fabrication of RPD clasps with comparable or better fitness accuracy. Over time, AM clasps had retentive force values of superior consistency as compared with those of conventional cast clasps. Clasps fabricated by repeated laser sintering and high-speed milling could obtain smoother surfaces and more suitable retention than those of AM clasps.


Asunto(s)
Dentadura Parcial Removible , Laboratorios , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Abrazadera Dental , Retención de Dentadura , Rayos Láser
6.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33374152

RESUMEN

This study examined the prevalence of self-perceived chewing discomfort depending on the type of dental prosthesis used in South Korean adults. The subjects were 12,802 people over 20 years of age who participated in a health interview and dental examination. Chewing discomfort was examined using a self-assessed report with a structured questionnaire. Using multivariable logistic regression analysis, adjusted odds ratios were evaluated along with their 95% confidence intervals (α = 0.05). After adjusting for covariates, including age, gender, smoking, drinking, hypertension, diabetes, body mass index, education, income, and toothbrushing frequency, the odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for chewing discomfort in groups without a dental prosthesis, with fixed dental prostheses, with removable partial dentures, and with removable complete dentures were 1 (reference), 1.363 (1.213-1.532), 2.275 (1.879-2.753), and 2.483 (1.929-3.197), respectively. The association between the prevalence of chewing discomfort and the type of dental prosthesis used was statistically significant even after adjusting for various confounders (p < 0.0001). The type of dental prosthesis was related to chewing discomfort among South Korean adults.


Asunto(s)
Dentadura Completa , Dentadura Parcial Removible , Masticación , Dolor/etiología , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Salud Bucal , República de Corea
7.
Prim Dent J ; 9(3): 40-43, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33323064

RESUMEN

Across the globe the population is ageing. In addition, older patients are retaining increasing numbers of natural teeth into old age. Therefore, clinicians are faced with the challenges of managing chronic dental diseases, including caries and periodontal disease, alongside replacing missing units. A number of treatment options are available to replace missing teeth for such patients with large numbers currently receiving removable partial dentures. Alternative approaches to treatment should be considered for this population group, including functionally orientated tooth replacement according to the principles of the shortened dental arch concept. In correctly chosen cases, this approach can provide patients with an acceptable, functional and aesthetic reduced dentition. Additionally, evidence suggests that such an approach can significantly reduce the maintenance burden for patients and clinicians which can ultimately deliver a more cost effective solution compared to removable alternatives.


Asunto(s)
Caries Dental , Dentadura Parcial Removible , Arcada Parcialmente Edéntula , Enfermedades Periodontales , Pérdida de Diente , Caries Dental/terapia , Humanos
8.
Prim Dent J ; 9(3): 34-39, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940586

RESUMEN

Improvements in oral health including increased retention of natural teeth have given rise to a partially dentate older population. Replacement of missing natural teeth is important to improve function, aesthetics and quality of life for this patient group. A variety of options are available to replace missing teeth in partially dentate older adults, including fixed, removable and implant retained prostheses. This article will discuss the provision of removable partial dentures including treatment planning and denture design. When planning removable partial dentures, careful attention must be paid to stabilising the patient prior to delivering any prosthesis. Partial dentures should be designed to minimise the potential for plaque accumulation with carefully designed metal based frameworks. Acrylic resin can also be utilised with attention to detail to minimise the risk of damage to delicate supporting tissues. Removable dentures have the advantage that they can be readily added to in the event of further tooth loss which may be particularly relevant for older adults. Partial dentures which optimise support, retention and stability can function very successfully and significantly improve patients' oral health related quality of life.


Asunto(s)
Dentadura Parcial Removible , Boca Edéntula , Pérdida de Diente , Anciano , Dentadura Parcial , Humanos , Calidad de Vida
9.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 475-478, 2020 Aug 01.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865372

RESUMEN

This study aims to apply a new expert system to design removable partial denture (RPD) framework. The RPD design is completed in three steps, namely, "selecting missing teeth", "selecting abutment condition", and "selecting personalized clasp". The system can help auxiliary dentists develop personalized treatment plans to reduce their clinical workload. It can also generate a dental preparation guideline for clinical preparation, which can prevent tooth preparation mistakes. By generating the standard electronic drawings of the framework design, the system can reduce the inconvenience caused by manual drawing, thereby facilitating dentist-technician communication and reducing the rate of remade.


Asunto(s)
Dentadura Parcial Removible , Diente , Pilares Dentales , Diseño de Dentadura , Sistemas Especialistas
10.
Int J Comput Dent ; 23(3): 281-292, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32789315

RESUMEN

For decades, double crowns in different variations have proven to be reliable attachments in removable prosthetics. Supported by teeth and implants, they provide proper retention, a considerable degree of chewing comfort, and satisfying esthetics. A wide range of applications, optimal oral hygiene capabilities, and almost unlimited expandability are just some of the advantages of double crown anchored dentures. Among other things, abutment tooth loss is a frequent complication. If an abutment tooth is lost, the secondary crown is usually filled with resin and the denture can continue to be used. However, since the loss of one or more abutment teeth changes biomechanical load ratios, a decline in stability and comfort is likely to occur as well as overloading of the remaining abutment teeth. The concept presented in this article provides for the application of computer-assisted technologies that enable the preservation of the denture according to its original design. For this purpose, a lost or hopelessly decayed tooth is replaced with an implant using digital preplanning and guided implant surgery. The original primary crown is then reattached in its exact former position applying a CAD/CAM-fabricated meso-abutment. In effect, the number of abutment teeth can be preserved, the functionality of the denture maintained with reasonable effort, and further damage prevented.


Asunto(s)
Pilares Dentales , Dentadura Parcial Removible , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Coronas , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Humanos , Flujo de Trabajo
11.
Wiad Lek ; 73(4): 751-754, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32731710

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim: Mathematical modeling and peculiarities of the proposed telescopic connection design. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: For the implementation of the mathematical model of telescopic joints of removable dentures, elements of the external and internal parts of such a design having the same nominal angles of cones, or identical nominal cones of these parts are considered. RESULTS: Results: Dependence of retention force is determined from various parameters, equating it with equilibrium values of compressive dynamic force and the total force of friction. Connection is set between the separate geometricalparameters of elements of telescopic cone connection andoperating between them various internal and external efforts.At creation of different individual modifications of theseconnections, gives possibility, attracting the values ofcorresponding geometrical or po wer elements, that isrationed or accepted on results measuring or scanouts, toexpect other parameters that is determined in dependenceon preliminary appointed. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The given mathematical dependences can be represented as algorithms of calculation and realized by computer programs.


Asunto(s)
Músculo Esquelético , Dentadura Parcial Removible , Fricción
12.
J Am Dent Assoc ; 151(9): 684-690, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32711806

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Microstomia is a principal clinical symptom in patients with scleroderma. It is characterized by an abnormally small mouth opening, which makes traditional prosthetic rehabilitation difficult. METHODS: First, the primary impression and jaw relation record were acquired using an intraoral scanning technique and the primary diagnostic dentures were fabricated using 3-dimensional printing (3DP). The definitive impression and jaw relation were obtained and digitally scanned. The second diagnostic denture was also made to confirm the esthetic and occlusal effects. Next, the adjusted dentition parts were scanned and milled from a cross-linked polymethyl methacrylate disk. In addition, the titanium alloy frameworks were also fabricated using 3DP. With flasking, the milled dentition parts were inserted and the definitive dentures were finally fabricated and delivered to the patient. RESULTS: The authors constructed the definitive removable partial dentures successfully using the digital methods of intraoral scanning, computer-aided design, and 3DP. CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: These digital methods provide an alternative option for prosthetic rehabilitation in scleroderma patients with severe microstomia.


Asunto(s)
Dentadura Parcial Removible , Microstomía , Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Técnica de Impresión Dental , Diseño de Dentadura , Humanos
13.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 35(4): 816-823, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32724936

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The aim of this preliminary study was to evaluate maxillary bone resorption with conventional dentures and implant-supported prostheses opposed by distal-extension removable partial dentures (RPDs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen patients (seven women and eight men) with totally edentulous maxillary ridges and partially edentulous mandibular ridges (Class I Kennedy classification) received maxillary fixed prostheses on four implants and mandibular distal-extension RPDs (study group). The control group consisted of 15 patients who received conventional maxillary dentures and distal-extension mandibular RPDs without any implant treatment but were matched to the study group and acted as a historical group. Evaluation of vertical maxillary bone resorption for both groups was made at the time of prosthesis insertion (T0) and 5 years later (T2) using the proportional area measurements made on digital panoramic radiographs for anterior and posterior areas. RESULTS: The control group showed significantly higher vertical bone loss than the test group (P < .001). The control group had 0.270 higher maxillary bone loss than the test group. For both groups, anterior maxillary areas showed significantly higher bone loss than posterior areas (P < .003). Anterior maxillary areas had 0.122 higher bone loss compared with posterior areas. Women had 0.035 higher maxillary bone loss compared with men. CONCLUSION: Within the limitations of this study, implant-supported fixed prostheses for the edentulous maxilla opposed by remaining mandibular anterior teeth reduce maxillary anterior and posterior alveolar bone loss compared with conventional dentures. However, they do not prevent maxillary bone loss.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida de Hueso Alveolar , Implantes Dentales , Dentadura Parcial Removible , Prótesis Dental de Soporte Implantado , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxilar , Estudios Retrospectivos
14.
Int J Prosthodont ; 33(4): 386-392, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32639698

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate differences in the performance of polyether ether ketone (PEEK) frameworks vs traditional metal frameworks for removable partial dentures (RPDs) in terms of OHRQoL, patient preference, periodontal indices, and denture satistfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-six participants were recruited to a randomized controlled crossover trial and were provided with either PEEK or cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) RPDs. After 4 weeks, the participants were provided with the other RPD. After both 4-week testing periods, the participants chose their preferred RPD and were followed up again at 6 months and 1 year. The primary outcome measure was effect on OHIP-20 score, which was compared among patients using repeated measures ANOVA. Secondary outcomes were participant preference compared using chi-square analysis; Plaque Index and Gingival Bleeding Index (PI and GBI, respectively) compared using repeated measures ANOVA; and McGill Denture Satisfaction Questionnaire (MDSQ) score compared between the two 4-week follow-ups using paired-samples t test. RESULTS: Both Co-Cr and PEEK frameworks resulted in a significant improvement in OHIP-20 score (P < .001), but the material was not a significant factor in changes over 1 year (P = .87). There were no statistically significant differences in participant preference at 1 year (P = .491), nor between RPD materials in their effect on GBI (P = .476), PI (P = .967), or MDSQ (P = .368). CONCLUSION: Both Co-Cr and PEEK RPDs improved OHRQoL to a degree greater than the minimum clinically important difference at 4 weeks, 6 months, and 1 year compared to baseline. No significant preference or improved denture satisfaction score was seen for either material. PEEK frameworks seem to be associated with similar degrees of periodontal effects as Co-Cr frameworks.


Asunto(s)
Cromo , Cobalto , Dentadura Parcial Removible , Estudios Cruzados , Éter , Humanos , Cetonas , Proyectos Piloto
15.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 201, 2020 07 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650758

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The premature loss of primary teeth is a common problem in pediatric dentistry, resulting in disruption of the arch integrity. Hence, space maintainers (SM) used for maintaining spaces are necessary. However, current methods of making removable space maintainers (RSM) have some limitations. METHODS: Digital models of dentition defects were obtained by using a scanning technique coupled with laser medical image reconstruction. The digital RSMs were designed using the 3Shape software. They were manufactured using two methods: polyetheretherketone (PEEK), and conventional methods (20 RSMs per group). For qualitative evaluation, the Likert five-point scale was used by 10 experts to obtain a score for 40 RSMs. The spaces between the tissue surfaces of the RSMs and the models were replaced using silicone, and the maximum and mean distances, as well as the standard deviation, were measured. A three-dimensional variation analysis was used to measure these spaces. The student's t-test and Satterthwaite t-test were used to compare the differences in the spaces for the various materials. RESULTS: The PEEK RSMs were found to fit the models well. In the qualitative assessment, the mean experts' scores for the PEEK and conventional groups were 1.80 ± 0.40 and 1.82 ± 0.40, and there was no significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.875). In the quantitative assessment, the mean spaces for the PEEK digital RSMs and the conventional RSMs were 44.32 ± 1.75 µm, and 137.36 ± 18.63 µm, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant (p < 0.001). In addition, there were significant differences in the maximum space and the standard deviation between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Digitally designed and integrated RSMs were found to be superior to those produced using the conventional method. 3D variation analysis results showed that the mean distances and standard deviations of the PEEK groups were significantly smaller than those of conventional group (p < 0.01). A PEEK-manufactured RSM produced using CAD/CAM would be extremely suitable for clinical applications.


Asunto(s)
Diseño Asistido por Computadora , Diseño de Prótesis Dental/métodos , Dentadura Parcial Removible , Cetonas , Polietilenglicoles , Niño , Humanos
16.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 29(1): 85-88, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524128

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate the category and prevalence rate of denture-related oral mucosal lesions (DML) in 185 patients with removable denture and analyze the influencing factors. METHODS: A total of 185 patients with removable denture who visited the department of stomatology of our hospital from October 2015 to June 2018 were investigated by questionnaire. DML types and locations were recorded in detail, and patients were followed up after treatment. Based on the data of this study, the differences of DML reports in other regions of China were analyzed by comparing the results searched from databases. SPSS 17.0 software package was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: In this study, the DML prevalence rate was 42.7%, significantly higher in male patients than in female patients (54.17% vs 35.40%, P<0.05). DML was more common in complete denture wearers than that in partial denture wearers (66.67% vs 31.20%, P<0.05). The categories of DML were as followed (prevalence rate from high to low): denture stomatitis (54.43%), traumatic ulcer (34.18%), inflammatory hyperplasia (6.33%), and angular cheilitis (5.06%). CONCLUSIONS: DML is affected by multiple factors. Among them, denture related factors include denture type, denture wearing time, denture lasting time and cleaning method. DML is more influenced by the type of denture than the wearing time. Gender, ethnicity and systemic diseases may affect the prevalence of DML, but further studies are needed. The results of domestic studies in various regions cannot objectively reflect the current prevalence rate of DML, thus a multi-center epidemiological investigation is needed.


Asunto(s)
Dentadura Parcial Removible , Enfermedades de la Boca , Estomatitis Subprotética , China , Dentadura Completa , Dentadura Parcial , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino
17.
Prim Dent J ; 9(1): 49-55, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32519609

RESUMEN

AIMS: To establish the prevalence of jaw registrations being taken for removable partial dentures (RPDs) in primary dental NHS practices. METHOD: 271 RPDs made by 16 general dental practitioners across four NHS dental practices were evaluated prospectively. The number of teeth replaced, whether jaw registration was undertaken, and the number of denture adjustment appointments were recorded. Telephone interviews with dental technicians were held to establish their preferred jaw registrations material. MAIN FINDINGS: Jaw registrations were not carried out in 27% (n=72) of RPD. When jaw registration was recorded, 14% (n=28) required a further denture adjustment appointment. 64% (n=46) of dentures where jaw registration was not recorded required at least one further denture adjustment appointment. Dental technicians unanimously preferred a squash-bite wax block, with centre and canine positions marked and cast models secured with elastic bands. CONCLUSION: Overall, recording a jaw registration reduced the number of denture adjustment appointments required.


Asunto(s)
Dentadura Parcial Removible , Odontólogos , Diseño de Dentadura , Humanos , Rol Profesional , Medicina Estatal
18.
Rev. inf. cient ; 99(3): 217-224, mayo.-jun. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126940

RESUMEN

RESUMEN Introducción: la prótesis dental removible es un tratamiento rehabilitador que devuelve las funciones al sistema estomatognático; para su éxito se necesita responsabilidad y compromiso entre el profesional y el paciente sobre la higiene y modo de uso. Objetivo: determinar el estado higiénico de la prótesis removible acrílica en los pacientes atendidos en las clínicas odontológicas de la Universidad San Gregorio de Portoviejo en el periodo marzo-agosto de 2019. Método: se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal utilizando un cuestionario y una ficha de observación validados. Todos los sujetos de la investigación firmaron el consentimiento informado antes de responder el cuestionario y ser examinados. Se aplicó la estadística descriptiva, frecuencia y porcentaje. Resultados: fueron evaluados 100 paciente, con predominio del sexo femenino (74 %), y la edad de 50 años o más (54 %). Los resultados muestran que el 53 % de los pacientes usan prótesis confeccionadas por cinco o más años, y que el 94 % no ha asistido a controles subsiguientes. El método mecánico (86 %) es el más utilizado para higienizar las prótesis, y en el 65 % de las prótesis se observó acumulación de placa bacteriana y restos de alimento. La mayoría de los pacientes (78 %) usa la prótesis dental durante todo el día (24 horas) y, cerca de la mitad, tiene signos clínicos de estomatitis subprotésica (46 %). Conclusiones: la mayoría de los pacientes no cumplen con las normas de higiene y uso de las prótesis removibles por lo cual se necesita un cambio en su educación y seguimiento.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the removable dental prostheses is a rehabilitation treatment that returns the functions to the stomatognathic system; for its successful action it is necessary responsibility and commitment between the professional and the patient on hygiene and mode of use. Objective: to determine the hygienic condition of the removable acrylic prostheses in patients attended in the dental clinics at San Gregorio de Portoviejo University in the period March - August 2019. Method: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted using a validated questionnaire and observation worksheet. All participants in the research provided handwritten signature informed consent form before answering the questionnaire and being examined. Descriptive statistics, frequency and percentage were applied. Results: a total of 100 patients were evaluated, with higher prevalence in females (74%), and 50 years of age or more (54%). The results show that 53% of the patients use prostheses made for five or more years, and 94% have not attended subsequent checks. The mechanical method (86%) is the most used to sanitize the prostheses, and in 65% of the prostheses was observed accumulation of bacterial plaque and food debris. Most patients (78%) wear their prostheses throughout the day (24 hours) and about half have clinical signs of subprosthetic stomatitis (46%). Conclusions: Most patients do not comply with the rules of hygiene and use of removable prostheses so a change is needed in their education and monitoring.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Higiene Bucal , Dentadura Parcial Removible , Epidemiología Descriptiva , Estudios Transversales , Ecuador
19.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(1): 41-46, 2020 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381799

RESUMEN

AIM: Undercuts on abutment teeth (AT) should be identified and quantified to establish the exact location of the active tip of the retentive arm of the direct retainer. The aim of this study was to locate and evaluate tissue and tooth undercut areas in various Kennedy's classes and to assess the correlation, if any, between Kennedy's classes and the location and depth of undercuts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and seven patients' casts, with designated AT and edentulous areas (EAs), were surveyed. The undercuts on AT and EAs were measured using undercut gauges. Statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS: The median depth of the undercut was maximum on distal the surface of mandibular AT in a Kennedy's class III edentulous situation. No significant difference was found between the amount of tissue undercuts measured on the EA in each of the Kennedy's classes in the maxillary and mandibular arches. CONCLUSION: No significant difference was found between the amounts of undercut measured on AT and the EA in each of the Kennedy's classes in the maxillary and mandibular arches. No correlation was found between Kennedy's classes and the location and depth of undercuts. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The results of our study reinforce that the diagnosis and selection of ideal abutments should be stressed while planning for a removable dental prosthesis (RDP). In the majority of the cases, the anticipated design of the direct retainer can be applied, though one cannot overlook the need for proper diagnosis and survey.


Asunto(s)
Dentadura Parcial Removible , Diente , Estudios Transversales , Retención de Dentadura , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos
20.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(2): 215-218, 2020 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381831

RESUMEN

AIM: This case report describes about a distinctive custom-made attachment on the abutment teeth to improve the retention and stability of the removable partial denture (RPD). It also throws light on the cost-effective method for altering the abutment teeth with the aid of the crowns and custom-made attachments. BACKGROUND: Achieving retention in Kennedy's class I bilateral edentulism usually affects the abutment teeth's periodontal health and eventually the retention is compromised. Distal extension edentulism also affects patient's masticatory efficiency. The rehabilitation of a patient with the long span Kennedy's class I condition complicates the problem because of the unavailability of enough abutments to support the prosthesis. Conventional removable prosthesis with clasps and cantilever fixed partial prosthesis are not advisable in this situation for the same reason. CASE DESCRIPTION: A case with Kennedy's class I modification 1 partially edentulous arch with 1st and 2nd molars missing along with central incisors was rehabilitated with an inexpensive custom attachment using die pin and sleeve for giving a fixed prosthesis on abutment teeth and removable prosthesis with missing teeth. CONCLUSION: This technique has advantages of retention better than conventional RPDs, protection of abutment health by restoring it with crown, easy to place and remove and very cost-effective. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The entire technique demands less skill compared to semi precision and precision attachments.


Asunto(s)
Dentadura Parcial Removible , Boca Edéntula , Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Coronas , Humanos
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...