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1.
PLoS One ; 19(7): e0306305, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38968212

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The lack of knowledge regarding urban sports poses pressing challenges for governments and sports organisations to deal with in light of its increasing popularity. To develop targeted policy strategies, more insight is needed into the features of urban sports. Therefore, this research aims to establish a profile of urban sports participants in terms of characteristics, behaviours in sports participation, and motives for sports participation. METHODS: Data was gathered during a large-scale research project on sports participation in the Belgian city of Bruges. A total of 3,951 residents between 6 and 75 years old participated in an online survey. Descriptive statistics and binomial logistic regression analyses were used to examine the differences between urban and traditional sports participants. RESULTS: Based on a binomial regression model, the sports level and location significantly predict urban sports participation. The physical motives for sports participation are significantly less important for urban sports participants compared to the group of traditional sports participants. Urban sports participants value the fun and relaxation motives for sports participation significantly more than traditional sports participants. CONCLUSIONS: This paper aimed to establish a comprehensive profile of urban sports participants and juxtaposed it to that of traditional sports participants. While existing literature often portrays urban sports participants as a relatively homogeneous group, our findings reveal a surprising heterogeneity. Consequently, given its increasing popularity, urban sports present a valuable avenue for governments and sports organisations to engage with a diverse range of sports participants.


Asunto(s)
Motivación , Deportes , Población Urbana , Humanos , Deportes/psicología , Adulto , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Niño , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Bélgica
3.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 15157, 2024 07 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38956353

RESUMEN

Affiliated athletes are frequently subject to higher levels of anxiety due to the intensity of training, competition and many other factors. This anxiety can cause alterations in their health, both physically and mentally, such as menstrual irregularities, eating disorders, etc. In this work we have analysed the anxiety levels of a population of female affiliated paddlers and the possible consequences for their health. The results showed that a third of the female paddlers analysed have a moderate/high risk of suffering from anxiety; and within this group, the less sporting experience the athlete has, the greater the probability is of suffering from anxiety. Moreover, almost half the total of the female paddlers suffers from menstrual dysfunction before an important competition, with this number rising among high performance athletes, even though three out of every four adjust their training schedule to their menstrual cycle. Less-experienced female athletes, who show higher anxiety levels, also present a greater risk of suffering from eating disorders.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad , Atletas , Trastornos de Alimentación y de la Ingestión de Alimentos , Trastornos de la Menstruación , Humanos , Femenino , Trastornos de Alimentación y de la Ingestión de Alimentos/epidemiología , Trastornos de Alimentación y de la Ingestión de Alimentos/psicología , Atletas/psicología , Trastornos de la Menstruación/epidemiología , Trastornos de la Menstruación/etiología , Adulto , España/epidemiología , Adulto Joven , Factores de Riesgo , Deportes , Adolescente
4.
Euro Surveill ; 29(28)2024 Jul.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38994605

RESUMEN

BackgroundWastewater surveillance is an effective approach to monitor population health, as exemplified by its role throughout the COVID-19 pandemic.AimThis study explores the possibility of extending wastewater surveillance to the Paris 2024 Olympic and Paralympic Games, focusing on identifying priority pathogen targets that are relevant and feasible to monitor in wastewater for these events.MethodsA list of 60 pathogens of interest for general public health surveillance for the Games was compiled. Each pathogen was evaluated against three inclusion criteria: (A) analytical feasibility; (B) relevance, i.e. with regards to the specificities of the event and the characteristics of the pathogen; and (C) added value to inform public health decision-making. Analytical feasibility was assessed through evidence from peer-reviewed publications demonstrating the detectability of pathogens in sewage, refining the initial list to 25 pathogens. Criteria B and C were evaluated via expert opinion using the Delphi method. The panel consisting of some 30 experts proposed five additional pathogens meeting criterion A, totalling 30 pathogens assessed throughout the three-round iterative questionnaire. Pathogens failing to reach 70% group consensus threshold underwent further deliberation by a subgroup of experts.ResultsSix priority targets suitable for wastewater surveillance during the Games were successfully identified: poliovirus, influenza A virus, influenza B virus, mpox virus, SARS-CoV-2 and measles virus.ConclusionThis study introduced a model framework for identifying context-specific wastewater surveillance targets for a mass gathering. Successful implementation of a wastewater surveillance plan for Paris 2024 could incentivise similar monitoring efforts for other mass gatherings globally.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Aguas Residuales , Humanos , Aguas Residuales/virología , Aguas Residuales/microbiología , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/prevención & control , COVID-19/transmisión , SARS-CoV-2/aislamiento & purificación , Francia/epidemiología , Deportes , Salud Pública , Pandemias , Aguas del Alcantarillado/virología , Paris/epidemiología , Aniversarios y Eventos Especiales , Vigilancia en Salud Pública/métodos
5.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 381, 2024 Jul 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38978147

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial factors affect individuals' desire for physical activity. A newly developed instrument (Tendency to Avoid Physical Activity and Sport; TAPAS) has been designed to assess the avoidance of physical activity. Considering cultural differences could be decisive factors, the present study aimed to translate and validate the TAPAS into Chinese (Mandarin) for Taiwanese youths, and further cultural comparisons are expected. METHODS: Standard translation procedure (i.e., forward translation, back translation, and reconciliation) was used to translate the English TAPAS into the Chinese TAPAS. Following translation, 608 youths (mean [SD] age 29.10 [6.36] years; 333 [54.8%] women) participated in the study via a snowballing sampling method with an online survey. All participants completed the Chinese TAPAS and additional instruments assessing weight stigma and psychological distress. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to examine the factor structure of the Chinese TAPAS and multigroup CFA to examine measurement invariance across gender (men vs. women) and weight status (overweight vs. non-overweight). Pearson correlations were used to examine the concurrent validity; independent t-tests between gender groups and weight status groups were used to examine the known-group validity. RESULTS: Consistent with the English version, the Chinese TAPAS was found to have a one-factor structure evidenced by CFA results. The structure was invariant across gender and weight status groups evidenced by multigroup CFA results. Concurrent validity was supported by significant associations with the related constructs assessed (r = 0.326 to 0.676; p < 0.001). Known-group validity was supported by the significant differences in TAPAS total scores between gender and weight status groups (p = 0.004 and < 0.001; Cohen's d = 0.24 and 0.48). CONCLUSION: The Chinese version of the TAPAS is a valid and reliable instrument assessing individuals' avoidance of physical activity and sports due to underlying psychosocial issues among Taiwanese youths. It is anticipated to be applied within a large Asian population, as well as cross-cultural comparisons, for further explorations in health, behavioral and epidemiological research and practice.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio Físico , Psicometría , Deportes , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Taiwán , Ejercicio Físico/psicología , Deportes/psicología , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Psicometría/instrumentación , Adulto , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto Joven , Adolescente , Traducciones , Análisis Factorial , Traducción
6.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1826, 2024 Jul 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38982320

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The escalating costs of sports equipment, coupled with socioeconomic disparities, hinder children's participation in physical activities. The Leisure Equipment Library (LEL), a unique service in Sweden, addresses this challenge by providing free equipment lending. This study investigated the significance of providing free lending of sports and recreational equipment for children's and youth's opportunities to engage in physical activities during leisure time. METHOD: Utilizing a cross-sectional survey during the summer-2022 period, the study is based on data from 427 LEL users aged 7 to 25 years. User characteristics (demography, socioeconomic status, physical activity profiles), equipment usage patterns and perceived significance are also analyzed. The findings are discussed using the concept of consumer-brand identification. RESULTS: The results showed that LEL reaches a broad and diverse group of children and young people in terms of gender, age, socioeconomic status, and physical activity profile. The borrowed equipment, primarily used for play and recreation, serves as an essential resource for children and youths and, in particular, for those with low socioeconomic status. LEL is considered highly important by all user groups, with a majority emphasizing its significance in facilitating leisure activities. CONCLUSIONS: The study suggests LEL's success lies in its accessibility and that users identify with the brand of LEL. Users perceive LEL as a service catering to various recreational needs rather than sports, fostering inclusivity. The localization of stores in various types of areas, combined with high-quality products, enable children and young people from different socioeconomic areas to use the service. LEL's success hinges on maintaining a positive brand image and promoting a recreation-oriented identity. Opportunities exist to strengthen emotional bonds with users, enhance branding strategies, and position LEL as a valuable resource for inclusive recreational activities. In conclusion, this study highlights the potential of free lending services, such as LEL, to bridge socioeconomic gaps in the promotion of physical activity among children and young people.


Asunto(s)
Actividades Recreativas , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , Niño , Adolescente , Femenino , Masculino , Actividades Recreativas/psicología , Suecia , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Equipo Deportivo/estadística & datos numéricos , Deportes/estadística & datos numéricos , Ejercicio Físico , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
7.
Health Promot Int ; 39(4)2024 Aug 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38980689

RESUMEN

To develop health promotion (HP) in sports clubs (SCs), stakeholders need to know the HP expectations of sports participants. However, the literature does not provide information on these aspects, which exacerbates the difficulty for SCs to provide an environment, activities and organization that promote health and to play the role entrusted to them in the integration of vulnerable populations. To fill this gap, this study explores the HP expectations and perceptions of sports participants, with a particular focus on ethnocultural characteristics, and documents participants' understanding of HP. A descriptive qualitative study comprising semi-structured interviews was carried out with 22 French and Quebec sports participants. Because they have little experience with HP in their SC, participants do not seem to have many expectations of their SC in terms of HP. Nevertheless, they felt that SCs can play an important role in health and suggested several themes and types of action, such as seminars on nutrition, activities outside the SC to develop cohesion or health monitoring. Sports participants from ethnocultural minorities seem to appreciate the programs designed to integrate them. There is a predominantly physical conception of health and the contribution of SCs to health, and the relationship between the types of health determinants (economic, environmental, organizational and social) and health is not clear. This study shows that the idea of a health-promoting SC appeals to SC participants, but this approach has not yet taken root in this setting or in society as a whole.


Asunto(s)
Promoción de la Salud , Entrevistas como Asunto , Investigación Cualitativa , Deportes , Humanos , Promoción de la Salud/métodos , Femenino , Masculino , Adulto , Deportes/psicología , Quebec , Persona de Mediana Edad , Percepción , Francia , Adulto Joven
11.
Arch Psychiatr Nurs ; 51: 102-107, 2024 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39034064

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effects of engaging in artistic and sporting activities on children's levels of digital addiction, aggression, and psychological resilience. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This cross-sectional study encompasses children aged 11-12 who are regularly engaged and not engaged in artistic or sporting education. The study involved 623 children. Data collection utilized the "Digital Addiction Scale," "Child and Adolescent Psychological Resilience Scale," and "Reactive and Proactive Aggression Scale." RESULTS: The study found statistically significant effects of engaging in sporting and artistic activities on digital addiction, psychological resilience, and reactive aggression (p < 0.05). Compared to the group with no activity, children engaged in artistic activities scored -4.38 units lower on the digital addiction scale, while those engaged in sports scored -4.23 units lower. Similarly, compared to the group with no activity, children engaged in artistic activities scored 3.32 units higher on the psychological resilience scale, and those engaged in sports scored 3.30 units higher. As children's psychological resilience scores increased, their scores for digital addiction and aggression decreased. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS: Participation in such activities can help children acquire healthy coping skills, strengthen their emotional regulation abilities, and reduce problems associated with anger. Therefore, encouraging children to engage in these activities is crucial for contributing to their overall well-being and promoting a balanced lifestyle. IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING PRACTICE: Nurses can educate families about the importance of sports and artistic activities for the healthy development of children. Moreover, diversifying the activities offered to children in schools and youth centers and encouraging these activities can help promote healthy lifestyles and reduce digital addiction.


Asunto(s)
Agresión , Resiliencia Psicológica , Deportes , Humanos , Niño , Masculino , Femenino , Estudios Transversales , Agresión/psicología , Deportes/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adaptación Psicológica , Trastorno de Adicción a Internet/psicología , Conducta Adictiva/psicología , Arte
14.
Rev Prat ; 74(6): 606-611, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39011691

RESUMEN

YOUNG FEMALE ATHLETES AND HIGH LEVEL SPORT. The impact of intensive sport on the menstrual cycle varies according to the individual and the nutritional balance in relation to energy expenditure; impaired reproductive function with menstrual disturbances is an indicator of the syndrome of relative energy deficiency in sport (REDs). Raising the awareness of the female elite athlete, her sport environment, her family and the health professionals in charge of medical care enables better prevention and avoids harmful consequences on bone metabolism, reduced immunity and cardiovascular risk, among others, and the impact on endurance and resistance performance. The absence of a menstrual cycle, apart from hormonal contraception, is incompatible with the research of sport performance. Similarly, moderate to severe dysmenorrhea, heavy menstrual periods which are a source of iron-deficiency anemia, and premenstrual syndrome which interferes with training, should not be treated as a fatality or taboo subject, but should be managed by appropriate treatment and explained to the athlete to ensure care compliance.


JEUNES FEMMES ET SPORT DE HAUT NIVEAU. L'impact du sport intensif sur le cycle menstruel varie en fonction de chacune, de l'équilibre nutritionnel par rapport à la dépense énergétique ; les perturbations du cycle menstruel constituent un indicateur du syndrome de déficit énergétique relatif dans le sport (REDs). La sensibilisation de la sportive, de son environnement sportif, familial et des professionnels de santé en charge du suivi médical permet une meilleure prévention et évite notamment les conséquences néfastes sur le métabolisme osseux, la diminution de l'immunité, le risque cardiovasculaire et l'impact sur la performance en endurance et en résistance. L'absence de cycle menstruel, hors contraception hormonale, est antinomique avec la recherche de la performance. De la même façon, la dysménorrhée modérée à sévère, des règles abondantes, sources d'anémie ferriprive ou un syndrome prémenstruel gênant l'entraînement ne doivent pas être vécus comme une fatalité ou un sujet tabou, mais être pris en charge par un traitement adapté et expliqué à la sportive pour soutenir l'adhésion à la prise en charge.


Asunto(s)
Atletas , Humanos , Femenino , Deportes/fisiología , Adolescente , Ciclo Menstrual/fisiología , Trastornos de la Menstruación/etiología , Trastornos de la Menstruación/terapia , Trastornos de la Menstruación/diagnóstico , Deficiencia Relativa de Energía en el Deporte/diagnóstico , Deficiencia Relativa de Energía en el Deporte/terapia
15.
Rev Prat ; 74(6): 617-626, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39011693

RESUMEN

ENDOMETRIOSIS, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND SPORT. Endometriosis is a chronic, inflammatory gynecological disorder that impacts the quality of life of 10% of women of reproductive age with chronic recurrent pain and/or infertility. Management is a challenge both at the diagnostic time because no symptom is specific and at the therapeutic time to limit the symptoms of the disease. Recent studies suggest that physical activity has a beneficial effect on the perception of pain and the quality of life of women, if it is adapted to physical abilities, avoiding high-intensity sports during painful periods. Regular adapted physical activity combining endurance, stretching and flexibility at a light to moderate intensity, should allow a physical and psychological well-being for women with endometriosis in association with medical and/or surgical treatment.


ENDOMÉTRIOSE ET ACTIVITÉ PHYSIQUE ET SPORTIVE. L'endométriose est une affection gynécologique chronique, inflammatoire, qui impacte la qualité de vie de 10 % des femmes en âge de procréer car elle entraîne des douleurs chroniques récurrentes et/ou une infertilité. La prise en charge est un défi tant au niveau diagnostique, car aucun symptôme n'est spécifique, qu'au niveau thérapeutique pour limiter les symptômes de la maladie. Les études récentes suggèrent que l'activité physique a un effet bénéfique sur la perception de la douleur et la qualité de vie des femmes, si elle est adaptée à la condition physique, en limitant les sports de forte intensité lors des périodes douloureuses. Une pratique régulière d'activités physiques adaptées associant endurance, étirements, assouplissements, à intensité légère à modérée, doit permettre un mieux-être physique et psychique de la femme souffrant d'endométriose en association au traitement médical et/ou chirurgical.


Asunto(s)
Endometriosis , Ejercicio Físico , Deportes , Humanos , Femenino , Endometriosis/diagnóstico , Endometriosis/terapia , Endometriosis/complicaciones , Deportes/fisiología , Ejercicio Físico/fisiología , Calidad de Vida
16.
Rev Prat ; 74(6): 627-631, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39011695

RESUMEN

SPORT AND MENOPAUSE. The menopause is a physiological period in a woman's life that can be marked by a lot of symptoms impacting her quality of life. The most frequent complaints are hot flushes, mood, sleep and memory disorders. The risk of osteoporosis, loss of muscular strength, cardiovascular and metabolic risk increases more as there is a reduction in physical activity and an increase in sedentary time during this period. Recommendations for physical activity and sport help to limit the symptoms and health risks, induced by hypoestrogenism during this period of a woman's life. It is the combination of regular physical activity, at least moderate in endurance and muscular strengthening, that provides the greatest benefits, and women should be made aware of this.


SPORT ET MÉNOPAUSE. La ménopause est une période physiologique de la vie de la femme qui peut être marquée par de nombreux symptômes impactant sa qualité de vie. Les plaintes les plus fréquentes sont les bouffées de chaleur, les troubles de l'humeur, du sommeil et de la mémoire. Le risque d'ostéoporose, de perte de force musculaire, les risques cardiovasculaire et métabolique augmentent d'autant plus qu'il y a une diminution de la pratique d'activité physique et une majoration du temps de sédentarité, fréquentes à cette période. Les recommandations d'activité physique et sportive contribuent à limiter les symptômes et les risques sur la santé induits par l'hypo-estrogénie. La pratique régulière d'activité physique au moins modérée en endurance et en renforcement musculaire apporte le plus de bénéfices, ce dont les femmes doivent être informées.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio Físico , Menopausia , Deportes , Humanos , Menopausia/fisiología , Femenino , Deportes/fisiología , Ejercicio Físico/fisiología , Sofocos/etiología
18.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(13)2024 Jun 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39000892

RESUMEN

This study presents the development and evaluation of an innovative intelligent garment system, incorporating 3D knitted silver biopotential electrodes, designed for long-term sports monitoring. By integrating advanced textile engineering with wearable monitoring technologies, we introduce a novel approach to real-time physiological signal acquisition, focusing on enhancing athletic performance analysis and fatigue detection. Utilizing low-resistance silver fibers, our electrodes demonstrate significantly reduced skin-to-electrode impedance, facilitating improved signal quality and reliability, especially during physical activities. The garment system, embedded with these electrodes, offers a non-invasive, comfortable solution for continuous ECG and EMG monitoring, addressing the limitations of traditional Ag/AgCl electrodes, such as skin irritation and signal degradation over time. Through various experimentation, including impedance measurements and biosignal acquisition during cycling activities, we validate the system's effectiveness in capturing high-quality physiological data. Our findings illustrate the electrodes' superior performance in both dry and wet conditions. This study not only advances the field of intelligent garments and biopotential monitoring, but also provides valuable insights for the application of intelligent sports wearables in the future.


Asunto(s)
Electrodos , Dispositivos Electrónicos Vestibles , Humanos , Monitoreo Fisiológico/instrumentación , Monitoreo Fisiológico/métodos , Electromiografía/métodos , Electromiografía/instrumentación , Electrocardiografía/instrumentación , Electrocardiografía/métodos , Vestuario , Textiles , Deportes/fisiología , Diseño de Equipo , Impedancia Eléctrica
19.
Am Ann Deaf ; 169(1): 57-76, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38973463

RESUMEN

Accessible and inclusive participation in sport can provide significant physical, psychological, and social benefits to Deaf or hard of hearing (D/HH) athletes. To understand how to facilitate these benefits, the researchers explored the lived physical education and sport experiences of D/HH collegiate athletes. Six athletes representing six sports were recruited and interviewed. Utilizing an interpretative phenomenological analysis approach to guide data collection, analysis, and interpretation, the researchers found five major themes: Self-Advocating for Awareness, Finding Meaningful Conversations, Overcoming Challenges, Seeking Community Connection, and Escaping Through Physical Activity. These themes illustrate the influence of accessibility and inclusion on the participants' sport experiences as well as the impact of the disability awareness of their coaches and peers. D/HH athletes and their coaches and teammates should work to overcome barriers to accessibility and inclusion to ensure the maximum benefit of being on a college sports team.


Asunto(s)
Personas con Deficiencia Auditiva , Deportes para Personas con Discapacidad , Humanos , Masculino , Personas con Deficiencia Auditiva/psicología , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Deportes para Personas con Discapacidad/psicología , Atletas/psicología , Universidades , Sordera/psicología , Sordera/rehabilitación , Concienciación , Adolescente , Estudiantes/psicología , Inclusión Social , Educación y Entrenamiento Físico , Deportes/psicología , Investigación Cualitativa
20.
PeerJ ; 12: e17658, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-39006011

RESUMEN

Background: Vertical jumping is an important evaluation tool to measure muscle strength and power as well as lower limb symmetry. It is of practical importance and value to develop and utilize a portable and low-cost mobile application (APP) to evaluate jumping. The "My Jump 2" app is an iPhone camera-based application for measuring jumping movements, which is applied to the countermovement jump (CMJ) vertical jumps of the lower limbs of athletes in different sports. The validity of this application and previous versions applied to different forms of vertical jump tests has been preliminarily demonstrated in different population, which has an obvious progress in research. Therefore, the reliability and validity of the jump height, time of flight parameters and symmetry of the CMJ vertical jump of athletes in different sports are needed to be verified by more experiments. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to verify whether "My Jump 2" can effectively and reliably assess jump height, flight practice and lower limb symmetry in CMJAM (countermovement jump free arm) tests in fencing, swimming and diving athletes. Methods: Seventy-nine fencers, swimmers and divers with training experience participated in this study. They completed a total of three CMJAM vertical jump and lower limb symmetry tests in 1 day, while being assessed by using the "My Jump 2" application and a force platform. The intra-group correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to verify reliability, while the Cronbach's alpha and coefficient of variation (CV%) was used to analyze the stability of the CMJAM vertical jump test over three jumps. The Pearson correlation coefficient was used to verify the strength of the relationship between methods (i.e., concurrent validity), and the Bland-Altman plot was used to represent consistency, meanwhile, the t-test was used to determine the systematic bias between methods. Results: Compared with the force platform, the cumulative height values of the total number of jumps (r = 0.999; p = 0.000), the cumulative time to vacate (r = 0.999; p = 0.000) for the CMJAM test obtained by the "My Jump 2" application, the height (ICC = 0.999-1, p = 0.000), the time to vacate flight (ICC = 0.999-1, p = 0.000), contact time symmetry (ICC = 0.976-0.994, p = 0.000), and flight time symmetry (ICC = 0.921-0.982, p = 0.000), respectively. Showed high correlation between the results of "my jump 2" app and the force platform. Conclusion: The "My Jump 2" application is a valid tool to assess CMJAM vertical jump and lower limb symmetry in fencing, swimming and diving athletes with training experience.


Asunto(s)
Atletas , Humanos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Adulto Joven , Fuerza Muscular/fisiología , Prueba de Esfuerzo/métodos , Prueba de Esfuerzo/instrumentación , Aplicaciones Móviles , Deportes/fisiología , Extremidad Inferior/fisiología , Rendimiento Atlético/fisiología
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