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Aust N Z J Public Health ; 45(2): 165-170, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33749939


OBJECTIVES: To explore young people's perceptions of the factors that may normalise gambling, and their opinions about the messages they see about gambling in their environments. METHODS: An analysis of qualitative data from a mixed methods study of n=111 young people aged 11-16 years in Victoria, Australia. Questions investigated: i) the normalisation of gambling in sport; ii) the impact of advertising on young people; and iii) potential strategies to alert young people about the risks associated with gambling. An inductive approach was used to analyse the data. RESULTS: Participants perceived that gambling was a regular and everyday activity and that gambling was becoming normalised in sport. However, some directly challenged this alignment. They were particularly critical that gambling advertising may influence young people's current and future gambling-related attitudes and intentions. Most participants supported public health interventions, including more advertising restrictions. CONCLUSION: Young people's awareness of gambling and gambling marketing may be increasing their perceptions of the alignment between gambling and sport. Implications for public health: Strategies should be developed to increase young people's awareness of the risks associated with gambling. Young people's voices and views should be considered by policy makers in responding to this new public health issue.

Publicidad , Juego de Azar/prevención & control , Juego de Azar/psicología , Mercadotecnía/métodos , Deportes , Adolescente , Adulto , Australia , Femenino , Reducción del Daño , Humanos , Intención , Entrevistas como Asunto , Masculino , Investigación Cualitativa , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Deportes/psicología , Televisión , Adulto Joven
An. psicol ; 37(1): 61-68, ene.-abr. 2021. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-200651


El objetivo del presente trabajo fue incrementar el desarrollo moral en alumnos adultos con discapacidad intelectual, a través de un programa predeportivo y de valores. El programa se llevó a cabo a lo largo de un cuatrimestre de un título dirigido a la inserción sociolaboral de personas con discapacidad intelectual. Participaron 37 alumnos de ambos sexos, de tres promociones consecutivas (n1 = 11; n2 = 12; n3 = 14), entre los 19 y los 37 años (M = 24.49 ± 4.22). Se utilizó la versión española del Moral Competence Test (MCT), que mide los dos componentes del desarrollo moral: la competencia moral y las orientaciones o preferencias morales. Se planificó un diseño cuasiexperimental de cohorte de ciclo institucional recurrente, implicando a tres cohortes evaluadas en tres años consecutivos. Además, para asegurar la equivalencia de los grupos se realizó un estudio acerca de la influencia de variables sociodemográficas y clínicas en el cambio de la competencia moral del alumnado, a través de un diseño ex post facto prospectivo de grupo único. Los resultados mostraron un aumento del desarrollo moral, en sus dos componentes, con significación estadística en el estadio 4 de las orientaciones o preferencias morales

The aim of this study was to increase moral development of the students with intellectual disabilities, through an intervention with values learning and adapted sports. The program was developed in a training course for Social and Labor insertion of People with Intellectual Disability. The sample consisted of 37 students of three consecutive promotions (n1 = 11; n2 = 12; n3 = 14), aged from 19 to 37 years (M = 24.49 ± 4.22). Instrument used was the Spanish version of the Moral Competence Test adapted to intellectual disability (MCT) which measures the two components of moral development through two scores: moral competence and moral orientations/preferences. A quasi-experimental recurrent institutional cycle cohort design was planned. This design involved three cohorts, evaluated in three consecutive years. In addition, to ensure the equivalence of the groups, a study was carried out on the influence of sociodemographic and clinical variables in the change of students' moral competence, through a prospective ex post facto single group design. The results showed an improvement in two components of moral development, with statistically significant differences in stage 4 of moral orienta-tions/preferences

Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Discapacidad Intelectual/psicología , Desarrollo Moral , Deportes/psicología , Estudiantes/psicología , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados no Aleatorios como Asunto , Estudios Transversales , Aprendizaje , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Pruebas Neuropsicológicas
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 12, 2021 Jan 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485395


BACKGROUND: Drawing on Eccles' expectancy-value model, we investigated the associations between parents' sports-related socialization behaviors in the family context, youth's sports' values, and youth's involvement in organized sports activities in the Nordic countries. More specifically, we tested the mediating effect of youth's sports' values on the link between socialization of sports in the family setting and youth's sports participation. Further, we examined whether any associations were moderated by youth's immigrant background or gender. METHODS: Immigrant and Nordic adolescents (N = 678), in 7th-8th grade, were followed over two consecutive years and responded to surveys during regular class hours. RESULTS: Supporting Eccles' model, we found that sports-related family co-activities significantly predicted youth's prospective sports-related behaviors through youth's sports' values. The mediation process was robust across both Nordic and immigrant youth and adolescent girls and boys. Further, our results revealed that parents' role modeling of sports activities was linked to both the amount of time youth currently spend on sports and their continuation in sports through youth's sports' values, although these associations were only significant for immigrant youth. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings offer insights into how participation in organized sports activities can be promoted among both immigrant and Nordic youth and among boys and girls. Most importantly, the findings may have valuable implications for researchers, policymakers and practitioners interested in promoting youth's involvement in organized sports activities. This especially applies to immigrant youth, given that the literature consistently reports lower sports involvement among immigrant youth than their native counterparts.

Conducta del Adolescente/etnología , Emigrantes e Inmigrantes/psicología , Socialización , Deportes/psicología , Adolescente , Conducta del Adolescente/psicología , Emigrantes e Inmigrantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Padres , Estudios Prospectivos , Conducta Social , Deportes/estadística & datos numéricos , Suecia
J Sport Health Sci ; 9(6): 530-541, 2020 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33308804


BACKGROUND: Despite the known contribution of sport to health and well-being, sport participation declines in older age. However, for some people, sport continues to play an important role in older age and may contribute to improved health and well-being in older years. Although the health-related benefits of participating in sport are commonly reported, the reasons why some older adults continue to play sport are not well understood. This systematic review aimed to (1) identify studies from the literature that evaluated the reasons why older adults (aged 55 years and older) participate in sport and (2) synthesize and discuss the reasons for their participation reported in the literature. METHODS: Searches of the electronic databases Embase, Medline, PsycInfo, PubMed, and SPORTDiscus were performed. Studies were included that evaluated reasons for sport participation in adults aged 55 years and older because this is the age at which sport participation has been reported to begin declining. The studies included in this review used qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods designs, were peer reviewed, and were published in the English language before the search date (20 January 2019). RESULTS: A total of 1732 studies were identified. After exclusions, 30 studies were included in the review (16 qualitative, 10 quantitative, and 4 mixed methods). The review presents several features and findings from the studies, including a description and systematization of the reasons for participating in sport and the main reasons that participants gave for participating in sport (maintaining health, feeling and being part of a community, and taking advantage of opportunities to develop relationships). Other reasons included competing and attaining a feeling of achievement, taking advantage of opportunities for travel, and being part of a team. Sport was identified as contributing to the overall experience of successful ageing. There were few comparative differences for participating in sport, and there were only small differences between genders for the reasons given for participation. Generally, the quality of the studies was good; however, mixed methods studies lacked appropriate data analysis procedures. CONCLUSION: Older adults play sport for a range of health-related and social reasons that can contribute to the experience of successful ageing. Strategies to increase sport participation by older adults should focus on promoting these aspects.

Envejecimiento/psicología , Deportes/psicología , Anciano , Envejecimiento/fisiología , Conducta Competitiva , Estilo de Vida Saludable , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores Sexuales , Interacción Social , Deportes/fisiología , Deportes de Equipo , Viaje
Rev. int. med. cienc. act. fis. deporte ; 20(80): 577-594, dic. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-198574


El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar las diferencias en el número y tipo de acciones técnico-tácticas de los porteros en competición en función de la división y de si juegan como local o visitante. Para ello, se han analizado 80 partidos con un total de 160 porteros de 1ª, 2ª, 2ªB y 3ª división española. Los resultados mostraron que no existen diferencias significativas entre el número de acciones medias realizadas por partido en cada división, pero sí se encontraron diferencias significativas en 9 de los 48 gestos técnico-tácticos específicos estudiados. Además, se encontraron pequeñas diferencias en cuanto al número de acciones en función de si los porteros juegan como local o visitante. Por tanto, la principal conclusión de este estudio es la importancia de analizar los tipos de acciones técnico-tácticas de los porteros ya que nos pueden ofrecer información relevante para el entrenamiento y la competición

The present study tries to respond about three different objectives: a) to quantify the number of technical-tactical actions carried out by goalkeepers during matches and to analyze if there are differences between divisions, b) to examine the possible differences in the number and type of technical-tactical actions between divisions under investigation, and c) to analyze the differences between this number and the type of technical-tactical actions when goalkeepers play at home team or away teams . To this end, a viewing was made of the 80 matches of the four most important divisions of Spanish football and a total of 160 goalkeepers were analyzed using the observational methodology. After the application of the tests the H-test of Krustal-Wallis and U of Mann-Whitney, showed no significant differences between the number of average actions performed per game in each division. Only significant differences were found in 9 of the 48 specific technical-tactical gestures studied. So, the first conclusion in this study is the importance of analyzing the types of technical-tactical actions of goalkeepers, due to they can offer relevant information for training and competition

Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Fútbol/fisiología , Fútbol/psicología , Percepción de Movimiento/fisiología , Desempeño Psicomotor/fisiología , Tiempo de Reacción/fisiología , Percepción Visual , Deportes/psicología
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050616


The current COVID-19 pandemic has paralysed whole countries, which have had to confine their entire population and this changed people's lives worldwide. The aim of this study is to identify the reasons for and the level of commitment to physical activity among the Spanish population during confinement and the return to the "new normal". A sample of 1025 amateurs, 534 males and 491 females with an average age of 35 years old were interviewed using an online survey that collected their motives for practising sport and their commitment to physical activity. A cluster analysis combining hierarchical and non-hierarchical methods was performed, identifying three groups of amateurs: High Commitment (n = 650), Moderate Commitment (n = 324), and Low Commitment (n = 81). The main motives shown by the different groups were psychological motives related to an improved or managed general or emotional well-being. Regarding commitment, all the groups showed higher scores in enthusiasm for physical activity than affliction from sport. The variables referring to gender, educational level and sports habits showed differences that enabled the identification of the different groups. These findings highlight the importance of conducting segmentation studies that provide specific population profiles to improve the action strategies of governments and specialists.

Infecciones por Coronavirus/prevención & control , Motivación , Pandemias/prevención & control , Neumonía Viral/prevención & control , Cuarentena , Deportes/psicología , Adulto , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , España/epidemiología
J Adolesc Health ; 67(5): 662-670, 2020 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943294


PURPOSE: Physical distancing measures to combat the spread of the novel coronavirus have presented challenges for the mental health and well-being of college students. As campus activities ceased, student-athletes abruptly became isolated from teammates and were no longer able to participate in sport activities that are often central to their identity as an athlete. However, student-athletes who have supportive social connections with teammates during this pandemic may maintain their athletic identity to a greater extent and report better mental health. The present study examined how student-athletes' mental health was associated with teammate social support, connectedness, and changes to athletic identity from before to during COVID-19. METHOD: A sample of 234 student-athletes completed surveys before COVID-19 physical distancing (February 2020), with 135 (63% female) participating in a follow-up in the month following school closures (April 2020). Path models estimated the effects of teammate social support and connectedness (during COVID-19), as well as changes in athletic identity on indices of mental health. RESULTS: Considering all path models tested, student-athletes who received more social support and reported more connectedness with teammates reported less dissolution of their athletic identity and-in most models-reported better mental health and well-being. Indirect effects indicated that student-athletes' change in athletic identity mediated the effects of teammate social support on psychological well-being and depression symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to advancing theory on how small groups relate to mental health, these findings demonstrate the value in remaining socially connected with peers and maintaining role identities during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Atletas/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Salud Mental , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Identificación Social , Aislamiento Social/psicología , Deportes/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Pandemias , Grupo Paritario , Apoyo Social , Estudiantes/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades , Adulto Joven
Rev. int. med. cienc. act. fis. deporte ; 20(79): 507-520, sept. 2020. graf, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-197051


El objetivo fue analizar la influencia de las modalidades fútbol 7 (F7), fútbol 8 (F8) y fútbol 11 (F11) en categoría alevín, sobre el clima y orientación motivacional y el grado de diversión. 377 jugadores (10,91±0,76 años) completaron los cuestionarios PMCSQ-2, POSQ y CDPD. En todas las modalidades se obtuvieron valores altos para clima motivacional orientado hacia la tarea y bajos para el orientado al ego. La puntuación clima motivacional percibido orientado hacia la tarea en F11 fue menor (p < 0,05) que en F7 y F8. En la orientación hacia la tarea no hubo diferencias entre modalidades, con valores de orientación al ego en F11 superiores (p < 0,05) a F7 y F8. El grado de diversión en las tres modalidades fue alto, siendo en F11 menor (p < 0,05) que en F8, sin diferencias entre F7 y F11. Mayor participación puede aumentar la diversión y adhesión a la práctica deportiva, evitando el abandono prematuro del deporte

The objective was to analyze the influence of soccer 7 (S7), soccer 8 (s8) and soccer 11 (S11) modalities in the U12 category, on the climate and motivational orientation and the degree of fun. 377 players (10.91±0.76 years) completed the PMCSQ-2, POSQ and CDPD questionnaires. In all modalities, high values were obtained for the task-oriented motivational climate and low for the ego-oriented one. The task-oriented perceived motivational climate score in S11 was lower (p <0.05) than in S7 and S8. In task orientation there were no differences between modalities, with higher ego-oriented values in S11 (p <0.05) than in S7 and S8. The degree of fun in the three modalities was high, being lower in S11 (p <0.05) than in F8, with no differences between S7 and S11. Greater participation can increase fun and adherence to sports practice, preventing premature abandonment of the sport

Humanos , Masculino , Niño , Motivación , Rendimiento Atlético/fisiología , Conducta Competitiva , Fútbol/fisiología , Fútbol/psicología , Análisis de Varianza , Deportes/psicología
Rev. int. med. cienc. act. fis. deporte ; 20(79): 521-534, sept. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-197052


La presente investigación estudia las principales características psicológicas de los practicantes de Street Workout, una modalidad deportiva emergente y en auge en los últimos años. A través de un estudio descriptivo-correlacional, con una muestra de 107 practicantes de España, se elaboró un estudio piloto del perfil psicosocial que incluye la evaluación de los motivos de práctica, la satisfacción muscular, la cohesión y el bienestar psicológico; además de una comparación en función de si compiten. Los resultados señalan que es un deporte practicado mayoritariamente por hombres menores de 23 años, cuya principal motivación es hallar un equilibrio entre la preocupación por la salud y su aspecto físico. Los niveles en cohesión y bienestar psicológico son altos, y bajos en cuatro de las cinco dimensiones de la satisfacción muscular. Por consiguiente, los datos de esta primera aproximación apoyan una visión positiva de las características psicológicas de los practicantes de Street Workout de la muestra

This research studies the main psychological characteristics of Street Workout practitioners, an emerging and booming sports modality in recent years. Through a descriptive and correlational study, with a sample of 116 practitioners from Spain, a psycho social profile was developed and includes the evaluation of the reasons for the practice, muscle appearance satisfaction, the cohesion and the psychological well-being; in addition, includes a comparison based on whether they compete. The results suggest that it is a male-dominated sport, all under 23 years old, whose main motivation is to find a balance between the concern about the health and their physical appearance. The levels of cohesion and psychological well-being are high, and low in four of the five dimensions of muscle satisfaction. Therefore, the data from this first approach support a positive view of the psychological characteristics of Street Workout practitioners and its practice

Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Deportes/psicología , Actividad Motora/fisiología , Autonomía Personal , Atletismo/psicología , Satisfacción Personal , 57914/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Calidad de Vida/psicología
Sportis (A Coruña) ; 6(3): 468-487, sept. 2020. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-197059


La sociedad actual vive a un ritmo frenético, la preocupación por la imagen corporal, por la calidad de vida y por los hábitos saludables, conforman nuevos estilos de vida. Múltiples estudios inciden en la necesidad de crear hábitos de vida saludables desde la infancia. El objetivo de este trabajo fue medir, el grado de disfrute al participar en una manifestación deportiva no competitivo como la Gimnastrada de Extremadura, utilizando para ello la Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES). Los resultados muestran que el grado de disfrute ha sido positivo y elevado además de confirmar la evolución en cuanto a número de participantes, procedencia y público. Es por ello, que se debe incentivar, apoyar y difundir todas aquellas actividades físicas, deportivas y artísticas que, a nivel escolar, extraescolar y fuera del ámbito educativo se promuevan, para así favorecer y asegurar la práctica posterior que procurará en el individuo un mayor bienestar físico y psicológico y por tanto ser más felices

Nowadays, society operates at a frenetic pace. Concerns about body image, quality of life, and healthy habits are giving rise to new lifestyles and habits. There are currently multiple studies that focus on the need to encourage and adopt healthy habits in early childhood. The aim of this study was to measure the joy that children experienced while participating in non-competitive sport manifestation, such as the Gimnastrada of Extremadura, by using the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES). The results of this study were incredibly positive, confirming high participant enjoyment, as well as increased engagement and participation in students from diverse nationalities and socioeconomic backgrounds. Given these results, Physical Education should be incentivized both in and outside of the classroom. Professionals must take the lead by encouraging and providing support for the numerous physical, artistic, and sport-related activities that are available both in and outside of school. In this way, we may increase subsequent participation in these activities, which will contribute to greater

Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Estilo de Vida Saludable/fisiología , Deportes/psicología , Psicometría/métodos , Educación en Salud/organización & administración , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Promoción de la Salud/organización & administración , Calidad de Vida
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237584, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32841263


Esports as the competitive play of digital games has gained considerable popularity. However, a comprehensive framework for esport training is still missing. In this paper, a performance model integrating insights from game research and sport science is developed. Based on this model, an online questionnaire was designed and applied to investigate training in different esports regarding relevant competencies and training areas. Overall, 1,835 esports players voluntarily participated in the study. Age ranged from 13 to 47 years (M = 20,9; SD = 4,5), and males clearly dominated (95%). Furthermore, the mean weakly playing time was 20.03 hours (SD = 15.8). Training occupied 38.85% (7.75 h) of the playing time on average. On the one hand, the results reveal game-specific competence and training structures in the five esports selected for the study (Starcraft II, League of Legends, Rocket League, FIFA, and Counter Strike). On the other hand, the factor structure of competencies closely resembles the esports performance model. As a conclusion, esports training methods should always consider the specific competence profile of the respective esports game.

Educación y Entrenamiento Físico/métodos , Deportes/fisiología , Deportes/psicología , Juegos de Video/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto Joven
J Sport Health Sci ; 9(4): 376-383, 2020 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768131


BACKGROUND: Every high-level athlete will eventually see his or her sport career come to an end. Most former athletes will experience changes in their self-definition and everyday behaviors as they accept a nonathletic way of life. The present study aimed to identify discrepancies between actual and former athletes regarding athletic identity, physical activity (PA), and nutrition habits. METHODS: Actual athletes (AA; n = 122), former athletes (FA; n = 230), and nonathletes (NA; n = 74) were asked to complete an online questionnaire on athletic identity, duration and intensity levels of occupational and leisure time PA, and nutritional habits. RESULTS: FA healthy nutrition score was the lowest of the 3 groups and significantly different from that of AA. Athletic identity and intense and moderate PA during leisure time consistently decreased (p < 0.01) across the 3 groups (AA > FA > NA). No significant difference between FA and NA was found regarding either nutritional habits or type of PA. CONCLUSION: Sport retirement may affect FA quality of nutritional habits that tends to decline below the NA level, as well as the amount of time spent practicing physical activities during leisure time. Athletic status does not ensure PA practice during sport postcareer.

Estilo de Vida Saludable , Jubilación , Deportes/psicología , Adulto , Dieta Saludable , Ejercicio Físico , Femenino , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Autoimagen , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32858973


A substantial amount of attention has been devoted towards the potential sport legacy of the Olympic Games. In spite of the increasing academic interest in this topic, there is a knowledge gap as far as sport legacy is concerned by types of different sports. The authors bridge this gap by analysing the evolution of 43 different Olympic/Paralympic sport modalities in the two-year period after the London 2012 Olympics. By using data from the Active People Survey with a sample of 165,000 people annually, and considering some demographic variables and the effect of the economic environment, the paper aims to test the existence of a sport legacy. We have applied time series analysis and ARIMA models for controlling for economic influence and seasonal adjustment and for making comparisons among participation rates. The results show, for the total of the sports analysed, that there were 336,000 individuals who increased their frequency of participation, while there was no significant increase in the number of new participants in these sports. When we develop the analysis for types of sports, London 2012 is positively associated not only with the frequency of participation in some types of sport but also with an increase in the number of new sport participants. Gender and age differences are also detected. The results show the differences of sport legacy by type of sports. Moreover, this research has elucidated an important unrecognised aspect of the effect of the Olympic Games and perhaps major events: that they can become a major policy tool for reversing sporting inequalities.

Aniversarios y Eventos Especiales , Participación de la Comunidad , Deportes/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Promoción de la Salud , Humanos , Londres , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores Socioeconómicos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Reino Unido
Altern Ther Health Med ; 26(5): 28-32, 2020 Sep.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663181


Context: The drive for a quick return to sport after injury can be great. Athletes look to their sports medicine provider for guidance on a speedy and effective recovery. The sports medicine physician has a number of different treatment options to consider when they turn to their medical armamentarium. One of those treatment choices is complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Unfortunately, there is limited evidence for many of the CAM modalities. Furthermore, CAM prescribing practices among sports medicine physicians is unknown. The aim of this study is to determine the prescribing practices of CAM among physicians for common sports medicine pathologies. Methods: An online survey of the prescribing practices of CAM by physician members of the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine. Results: A total of 257 physicians answered the question on prescribing CAM for a response rate of 11%. Of those who responded, 88% prescribed at least one type of CAM in the last one year. The responders identified 23 different CAM modalities they prescribed. Of those modalities prescribed, chiropractic/osteopathic manipulation was the most common followed by acupuncture/electroacupuncture and yoga. Less commonly prescribed CAM included omega-3 fatty acids, riboflavin, and meditation. Providers utilized CAM for common sports medicine pathologies including ligamentous, tendinous and muscle injury, concussion, and low back pain among others. The survey participants believed many of these CAM modalities to be effective. Conclusions: Among responders, the prescribing prevalence of at least one CAM therapy was high. Sports medicine physicians utilized a number of different CAM modalities to treat common sports medicine pathologies.

Traumatismos en Atletas/terapia , Terapias Complementarias/estadística & datos numéricos , Enfermedades Musculoesqueléticas/terapia , Médicos/psicología , Pautas de la Práctica en Medicina/estadística & datos numéricos , Medicina Deportiva/métodos , Deportes/psicología , Terapia por Acupuntura , Electroacupuntura , Humanos , Dolor de la Región Lumbar , Manipulación Osteopática , Prevalencia , Medicina Deportiva/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Yoga
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32640684


This study focused on empirically analyzing sport activity participants' perceptions of hypochondriasis caused by fear of infection and changes in continuous participatory behavior patterns. To this end, a comparative analysis was conducted with a focus on the forms of participation and age of sport activity participants. For the final comparative analysis, a 2 × 3 factorial multivariate analysis of variance was conducted after confirming the validity and reliability of data based on 229 questionnaires collected from healthy respondents who have never been infected with COVID-19. The results showed statistically significant differences between worry about illness, which is a subscale of hypochondriasis, disease phobia, thanatophobia, and intent to continue according to age. Statistically significant differences were also found when considering the type of sport for worry about illness, which is a subscale of hypochondriasis, disease phobia, symptom preoccupation, and intent to continue. Furthermore, interaction effects between the two independent variables, i.e., age and type of sport, were found for disease phobia, a subscale of hypochondriasis, and thanatophobia. In summary, age and type of sport, which are important factors for the COVID-19 infection and symptoms, were found to affect the sport activity patterns. These results proved that COVID-19 may have caused the participants to have different perceptions depending on their characteristics and change their form of continuous participation. These findings will provide useful data for predicting the perception and behavioral patterns of sports participants if diseases like COVID-19 occur in the future. They also show how to live a healthy life through exercise.

Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Hipocondriasis/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Deportes/psicología , Adulto , Anciano , Ansiedad , Betacoronavirus , Ejercicio Físico , Miedo , Femenino , Humanos , Intención , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , República de Corea , Deportes/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32635576


While courage is widely attributed to athletic pursuits, it has received little scientific attention from both researchers and applied practitioners. A reliable measurement is required to examine courage in sports and competitive activities. Therefore, this research aimed to adapt the original Turkish Sports Courage Scale-31 into American English (SCS-AE). The SCS-31 measure was translated from Turkish into the American English language by the Brislin forward and backward translation technique and language validity. Then, the translated SCS-AE was administered to 548 American university college students (Mean age = 19.02, SD = 1.21). All participants played a sport (e.g., football, soccer, basketball, gymnastics). Based on confirmatory factor analyses (CFA), 31 items of SCS-AE were reduced to 24 items with four factors (i.e., assertiveness, determination, mastery, and venturesome). The fit indices were satisfactory (RMSEA = 0.06, CFI = 0.97, SRMR = 0.06, NFI = 0.96 and NNFI = 0.97). The internal consistency measured by Cronbach alpha, ranging from 0.73 to 0.78, were considered acceptable. The convergent validity and discriminant validity of SCS-AE were also achieved. Our findings indicate strong support for research using the four-factor model of the SCS-AE and adequate support for the five-factor model with sufficient caution regarding the internal consistency of the self-sacrifice factor. While cultural differences in courage perception might exist between these countries, the findings showed more similarities than differences in courage. Results indicated that the SCS-AE is usable for research purposes in the suggested format. Future directions are discussed using the SCS-31 and SCS-AE for research.

Atletas/psicología , Coraje , Deportes/psicología , Estudiantes/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Humanos , Lenguaje , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Estados Unidos , Universidades
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664696


Although participating in regular physical activity has many benefits, female Korean college students tend to have much lower participation rates than their male counterparts. An effective means of increasing physical activity among female college students is sport participation. The purpose of this study is to incorporate three types of psychological needs from self-determination theory as precursor background variables into the theory of planned behavior to predict sport participation among female Korean college students. Our dataset consisted of 494 female undergraduate students attending Kyung Hee University in South Korea. Using structural equation modeling, the direct and indirect effects of attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and psychological needs satisfaction such as competency, relatedness, and autonomy were examined. Although attitude towards and perceived behavioral control over sport participation were significantly associated with intention in all three models, subjective norm was not significantly associated with intention in any model. Satisfaction of the psychological needs for competency, relatedness, and autonomy had positive indirect effects on sport participation. This study underscores the importance of addressing the satisfaction of these three basic psychological needs when designing future sport promotion interventions for female college students.

Intención , Deportes/psicología , Estudiantes/psicología , Grupo de Ascendencia Continental Asiática , Actitud Frente a la Salud/etnología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Modelos Psicológicos , República de Corea , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades