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1.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32640684

RESUMEN

This study focused on empirically analyzing sport activity participants' perceptions of hypochondriasis caused by fear of infection and changes in continuous participatory behavior patterns. To this end, a comparative analysis was conducted with a focus on the forms of participation and age of sport activity participants. For the final comparative analysis, a 2 × 3 factorial multivariate analysis of variance was conducted after confirming the validity and reliability of data based on 229 questionnaires collected from healthy respondents who have never been infected with COVID-19. The results showed statistically significant differences between worry about illness, which is a subscale of hypochondriasis, disease phobia, thanatophobia, and intent to continue according to age. Statistically significant differences were also found when considering the type of sport for worry about illness, which is a subscale of hypochondriasis, disease phobia, symptom preoccupation, and intent to continue. Furthermore, interaction effects between the two independent variables, i.e., age and type of sport, were found for disease phobia, a subscale of hypochondriasis, and thanatophobia. In summary, age and type of sport, which are important factors for the COVID-19 infection and symptoms, were found to affect the sport activity patterns. These results proved that COVID-19 may have caused the participants to have different perceptions depending on their characteristics and change their form of continuous participation. These findings will provide useful data for predicting the perception and behavioral patterns of sports participants if diseases like COVID-19 occur in the future. They also show how to live a healthy life through exercise.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Hipocondriasis/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Deportes/psicología , Adulto , Anciano , Ansiedad , Betacoronavirus , Ejercicio Físico , Miedo , Femenino , Humanos , Intención , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , República de Corea , Deportes/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
3.
Int J Sports Med ; 41(7): 450-460, 2020 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396967

RESUMEN

This study aimed to investigate the relationship between mechanical parameters from the Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST2×17.5), agility performance from the Illinois Agility Test (IAT) and all-out 30-second tethered running (AO30) in college futsal athletes. It also investigates whether these protocols are capable of identifying differences between sexes. Twenty subjects were evaluated. The IAT was applied on a specific course and performance was considered as the total time (T.T). The RAST2×17.5 consisted of six maximum efforts in a shuttle exercise of 2x17.5 m per bout. The AO30 was conducted under maximal effort on a non-motorized treadmill. Maximum, mean and minimum power were determined for RAST2×17.5 and AO30. Mean power from RAST2×17.5 was inversely and significantly correlated to T.T regardless of sex (male: r=-0.76; p=0.010; female: r=-0.89; p=0.010). A similar association was noticed for maximum power for females (r=-0.94; p=0.001). The AO30 maximum and mean power were significantly correlated with T.T (male: r=-0.67; p=0.031 and r=-0.66; p=0.035, respectively; female: r=-0.64; p=0.046 and r=0.66; p=0.035, respectively). Maximum power from RAST2×17.5 and AO30 were significantly correlated (male: r=0.68; p=0.030; female: r=0.72; p=0.019). Our results reinforce the adoption of field-based tests like RAST2×17.5 and IAT for futsal, since significant relationships among these parameters and AO30 results were obtained. Moreover, these protocols differentiated male and female athletes by mechanical and agility parameters, proving their application under specific field evaluation.


Asunto(s)
Rendimiento Atlético/fisiología , Prueba de Esfuerzo/métodos , Destreza Motora/fisiología , Deportes/fisiología , Rendimiento Atlético/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Consumo de Oxígeno , Carrera/fisiología , Factores Sexuales , Deportes/psicología
4.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0227846, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32240181

RESUMEN

Nowadays, it is widely acknowledged that low physical activity levels are associated with an increase in terms of both disease recurrence and mortality in cancer survivors. In this light, deciphering those factors able to hamper or facilitate an active lifestyle is crucial in order to increase patients' adherence to physical activity. The purpose of this study was to explore barriers and motivations in a sample of female oncological patients, practising running using the ecological model and compare them with healthy controls. Focus group interviews were conducted at Verona University. Participants were 12 female cancer survivors and 7 matched healthy controls who had participated at "Run for Science" project. The interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed using content analysis. Transcripts were categorized according to the ecological model, identifying barriers and motivations as themes. About motivations, three sub-themes were included: personal, interpersonal and environmental/organizational factors. Regarding barriers, another sub-theme was recognized: community/policy factors. Compared to healthy controls, survivors expressed motivations and barriers specifically related to their oncological disease. Running was a challenge with their cancer and a hope to give to other patients. Main barriers were represented by treatment-related side effects, inexperienced trainers and external factors, e.g. delivery of incorrect information. Running programs dedicated to oncological patients should consider intrinsic obstacles, related to cancer and its treatment. The interventions should offer a personalized program performed by qualified trainers, together with a motivational approach able to improve participants' adherence to an active lifestyle.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio Físico , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud/fisiología , Neoplasias/rehabilitación , Carrera/psicología , Adulto , Supervivientes de Cáncer/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias/patología , Neoplasias/psicología , Carrera/fisiología , Deportes/fisiología , Deportes/psicología
5.
J Sports Sci ; 38(8): 897-909, 2020 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32156190

RESUMEN

While previous studies highlighted the importance of the different motivations for doing sports as proposed by self-determination theory, less emphasis has been put on the simultaneous presence of multiple motivations within the same individual. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the complex interaction of sport motivations and to identify core (common) and peripheral (uncommon) profiles of people engaged in sports based on a combination of motivations. To achieve this goal, latent profile analysis, a person-centered approach, was performed on responses from 506 participants engaged in sports. For better understanding the extracted profiles, basic psychological need fulfillment was included as profile predictor, while subjective vitality and various engagement-related indicators as outcomes. Four core and peripheral profiles were identified: Moderately Motivated, Highly Motivated, Amotivated, and Poorly Motivated. Contrary to theory, introjected regulation clustered more closely with self-determined motivations. Profile membership was significantly predicted by global need fulfillment, autonomy satisfaction as well as, to a smaller extent, autonomy, relatedness, and competence frustration. The four profiles differed along vitality and some, but not all, engagement-related outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Motivación , Deportes/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Autonomía Personal , Satisfacción Personal , Adulto Joven
6.
Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr ; 69(2): 98-108, 2020 Mar.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32114948

RESUMEN

Risk-taking Behaviour and Aspects on Adolescents' Participation in High-risk Sports The age of adolescence represents an enhanced reward sensitivity which is often linked to increased risk-taking behaviour. Peers enhance risk-taking behaviour which is shown through delinquency and substance use. Whereas most research on adolescent risk-taking has been directed towards negative risk-taking, this narrative review tries to highlight adventure and high-risk sport participation as a prosocial form of risk-taking and its potential influence on adolescents' behaviour. Adventure/high-risk sports such as mountainbiking, freeride ski and snowboarding and climbing have grown exponentially in the last years with a high popularity among adolescents. Besides the inherent risk of severe injury in case of a mismanaged accident, which should be minimized by preventive steps such as educative risk-management and protective gear, those sports bear the potential for multiple psychological benefits such as enhanced mood, autonomy, resilience and self-efficacy. Adventure/high-risk sports seem to have the possibility to satisfy the need for rewards, prestige and risk-taking in a socially accepted way. Few research projects have already successfully integrated adventure sport interventions in clinical settings in mental health treatment. The idea of testing adventure/high-risk sport interventions as an addition to the treatment in child and adolescent psychiatry and psychotherapy could be promising and an impulse for future research projects.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Asunción de Riesgos , Deportes/psicología , Adolescente , Niño , Humanos , Autoeficacia
7.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228352, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059019

RESUMEN

Organized sport yields many cognitive, social and physical benefits and is one of the most popular types of physical activity for children and adolescents. Despite the benefits of sports participation, a substantial proportion of adolescents fail to meet Canadian guidelines regarding physical activity. In this regard, it is relevant to understand the mechanisms underlying the adoption of various active behaviours. This study aims to identify the predisposing, enabling and reinforcing factors that potentially influence 4 categories of active behaviours using the Youth Physical Activity Promotion model (YPAP). Data was drawn from 416 male adolescent hockey players (Mage = 15.4; SD = 2) who completed a pre-validated questionnaire. Structural equation modeling and interaction analyses were performed to explain the contribution of each determinant. Findings reveal that there are different behavioural patterns based on the type of activity. The interaction between attitudes and environmental factors was a key predictor for each type of behaviour. Perceived competence was associated with more recreational activities, whereas the support of parents and coaches determined involvement in ice hockey. This study refined our understanding of physical activity participation among adolescents already involved in organized sports and emphasized the importance of considering multiple factors surrounding their environment. Several practical recommendations are made to improve young athletes' predisposition to practice physical activity in an organized sports setting.


Asunto(s)
Conducta del Adolescente , Atletas/psicología , Ejercicio Físico/psicología , Hockey/psicología , Medio Social , Deportes/psicología , Adolescente , Actitud , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
8.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228870, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32084161

RESUMEN

Understanding and predicting how individuals perform in high-pressure situations is of importance in designing and managing workplaces. We investigate performance under pressure in professional darts as a near-ideal setting with no direct interaction between players and a high number of observations per subject. Analyzing almost one year of tournament data covering 32,274 dart throws, we find no evidence in favor of either choking or excelling under pressure.


Asunto(s)
Rendimiento Atlético/psicología , Rendimiento Atlético/fisiología , Rendimiento Atlético/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Modelos Psicológicos , Modelos Estadísticos , Destreza Motora/fisiología , Deportes/psicología , Deportes/estadística & datos numéricos , Estrés Psicológico
9.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227277, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895929

RESUMEN

The Sport Motivation Scale (SMS) is a widely used instrument that assesses motivational processes within sport and exercise environments. The scale has demonstrated validity and reliability in multiple cultures, however, there is yet no empirical evidence regarding its psychometric properties in the Czech population. In this study we therefore set out to examine the reliability and construct validity of the SMS in a sample of Czech university-aged athletes. We first examined the SMS factor structure using a nonparametric item response theory model (Mokken monotone homogeneity model) and identified six items violating the unidimensionality of the particular subscales. Remaining items were then subjected to test of hypothesized seven-factor structure and several different forms of measurement invariance examined based on gender, competition level and type of sport (individual vs team sports). The hypothesized seven-factor fit well and there was sufficient evidence supporting full invariance across the examined groups. All SMS subscales had adequate internal consistencies ranging from 0.66 to 0.89. Results of correlational analysis among the SMS subscales and between the SMS and two outcomes of interest further supported validity of the scale. Observed differences in SMS subscales between males and females, recreational and competitive athletes, as well as between individual and team-based sport activities, comported with prior empirical studies using a self-determination theory framework. In conclusion, results reinforce the utility and performance of the SMS in a sample of Czech university athletes. The SMS may therefore be recommended for measurement of the multidimensional motivational processes taking place in the exercise and sport domain.


Asunto(s)
Atletas/psicología , Motivación , Autonomía Personal , Psicometría/instrumentación , Deportes/psicología , República Checa , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Factores Sexuales , Universidades , Adulto Joven
10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31963331

RESUMEN

The aim of this study was to examine the effects of the motivational climate created by the coach and perceived by a group of young, high-performance handball players on their fear of failure and precompetitive anxiety. The study participants were 479 young handball players. The age range was 16-17 years old. Players were administered a battery composed of a Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire, a Performance Failure Appraisal Inventory, and Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2R, to measure the aforementioned theoretical constructs. Using structural equation modelling (SEM), the results showed that the handball players experienced high levels task-involving climate and moderate values of self-confidence. In contrast, players experienced lower levels of ego-involving climate, fear of failure, and cognitive and somatic anxiety. The obtained model shows that fear of failure positively mediates the association between an ego-involving climate with both cognitive and somatic anxiety, and negatively in terms of self-confidence. In contrast, fear of failure does not mediate the associations between a task-involving climate and both somatic and cognitive anxiety and self-confidence.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad , Miedo , Deportes/psicología , Adolescente , Clima , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Motivación , Autoimagen , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
11.
Int J Equity Health ; 19(1): 11, 2020 01 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937308

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Socially excluded groups are at higher risk of low well-being and poor health. The link between social exclusion and health inequities is complex, and not being involved in society makes it difficult to be reached by standard prevention programs. Sport-for-development (SFD) programs are low-threshold and may be promising settings for inclusive actions. We explore the underlying mechanisms through which SFD might have an impact on social inclusion and examine the necessary conditions that work as a catalyst for these underlying mechanisms. METHODS: A realist evaluation approach was adopted. A non-profit SFD organization in a middle-large city in Flanders, Belgium, formed the setting for a single case study. Document analysis, participatory observations, interviews, and a focus group, were sources for identifying necessary context elements and essential mechanisms through which SFD could promote its participants' health and wellbeing. RESULTS: Among the most efficient mechanisms triggered by the Foundation's activities are learning by fun, connecting with peers (of whom some serve as role model) and engaging as a volunteer with some responsibilities. Building trust in oneself and in others is a necessary process throughout all these mechanisms. Facilitating context factors include the activities' accessibility and unconditional approach (creating a sense of safety), the popularity of the first division football team the Foundation is associated with (leading to a sense of belonging), a steady network of social partners and a strongly positive relationship with the SFD coach(es). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that a SFD setting may be a vehicle for engaging hard-to-reach population groups. It enhances socially vulnerable persons' sense of competence and connectedness, leading to opportunities to improve life and work skills transferrable outside SFD settings. Based on these findings, suggestions are provided that may enhance the field and help to develop feasible (policy-led) interventions designed to promote social inclusion.


Asunto(s)
Promoción de la Salud/métodos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Deportes/psicología , Poblaciones Vulnerables/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Bélgica , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Masculino , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Autoeficacia , Poblaciones Vulnerables/estadística & datos numéricos
12.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 19, 2020 Jan 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910846

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Participation in organised sport and physical activity contributes to health-enhancing levels of leisure time physical activity. In Australia, 58% of children aged 0-14 years participated at least once a week in October 2015 - December 2017. To overcome the frequently cited cost barrier, sports voucher incentives have been widely implemented across Australia. METHOD: The financial value of jurisdictional vouchers and the National median financial value were used to calculate the proportion of total annual expenditure on children's participation in sport supported by sports vouchers. Participation rates using AusPlay data were estimated by age, sex and socio-economic index (SEIFA) at state and national level for children aged 0-14 years. RESULTS: Five States and Territories implemented sports vouchers from 2011 to 2018, with a median value of AU$150. Nationally, median annual expenditure for children's sport participation was AU$447 (IQR $194.2-936), with 27% reported expenditure supported by a sports voucher. The proportion of financial support from sports vouchers increased considerably with social disadvantage, rising to over 60% of total expenditure in the most disadvantaged populations. CONCLUSIONS: Socio-economic status was associated with sports-related expenditure and sports participation amongst children. Sport vouchers should target children in the most disadvantaged areas to promote participation in organised sport and physical activity.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio Físico/psicología , Apoyo Financiero , Promoción de la Salud/economía , Promoción de la Salud/métodos , Motivación , Deportes/economía , Deportes/psicología , Adolescente , Australia , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Recién Nacido , Masculino , Clase Social
13.
Am J Ophthalmol ; 212: 98-104, 2020 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765628

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To explore the experiences of parents of sons with X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS). DESIGN: Mixed methods-qualitative interviews with quantitative survey. METHODS: Parents of sons with XLRS who were evaluated at the National Eye Institute between December 2017 and January 2019 were eligible for this study. Participation involved engaging in a semistructured interview and completing a survey assessing optimism, anxiety, personality traits, and sociodemographics using valid and reliable scales. Interview transcripts were coded and analyzed thematically, and scales were scored and used descriptively. RESULTS: Eleven mothers and 8 fathers from 13 families participated. Optimism, anxiety, and personality traits fell into the normative ranges for the scales. Parents described a process of continuous adaptation to their son's condition. The initial diagnosis was characterized by shock, grief, and "devastation" for most parents. Maternal guilt was common, but usually lessened over time. As parents adjusted to life postdiagnosis, they attempted to achieve a state of normalcy while balancing a desire to protect their sons. Significant sources of stress included decisions around sports participation and driving. Among all parents, the fear of retinal detachment was an ongoing concern. Most parents did identify perceived benefits from their experiences, such as feelings of gratitude or family cohesion. CONCLUSIONS: Most parents viewed XLRS as a significant challenge in their sons' lives, but one that could be overcome. Clinical encounters may be enhanced for families with XLRS by providing accurate information, preparing families for potential challenges, anticipating stressful decisions, and meeting other families with XLRS.


Asunto(s)
Actitud Frente a la Salud , Padre/psicología , Madres/psicología , Responsabilidad Parental/psicología , Retinosquisis/psicología , Adaptación Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedad/etiología , Niño , Femenino , Culpa , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Núcleo Familiar , Relaciones Padres-Hijo , Educación del Paciente como Asunto , Percepción , Calidad de Vida , Deportes/psicología , Adulto Joven
16.
Br J Sports Med ; 54(1): 4-7, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31653778

RESUMEN

Child maltreatment in sport is an undeniable problem. High-profile cases of sexual abuse of child athletes are obvious examples of child maltreatment in this context. Young athletes also face physical and psychological maltreatment, as well as neglect, although these types of child maltreatment are understudied in sport and receive less public attention. Little is known as to how to define physical and psychological maltreatment and neglect in sport and their diverse manifestations. The aim of this paper is to propose concrete manifestations of each type of child maltreatment in sport. We aim to help practitioners better understand and researchers better measure this problem.


Asunto(s)
Maltrato a los Niños/psicología , Deportes/psicología , Adolescente , Niño , Maltrato a los Niños/prevención & control , Abuso Sexual Infantil/prevención & control , Abuso Sexual Infantil/psicología , Humanos
17.
J Sports Sci ; 38(4): 422-429, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876442

RESUMEN

Older people who engage in sports and exercise in a group render greater benefits for socio-psychological aspects compared to exercising alone. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of specific types of sports and exercise groups and the association with self-rated health, depressive symptoms, and frequency of laughter among community-dwelling older people. We used cross-sectional data from the 2016 Japan Gerontological Evaluation Study and analysed 63,465 males and 68,497 females aged ≥65 years. The top three most popular types among males were golf (11.3%), walking (8.4%), and ground golf (6.3%). Among females, the top three were fitness exercises (13.8%), walking (8.3%), and weight exercises (6.2%). After adjusting for potential confounders, engaging in golf with a group was significantly related with excellent self-rated health (prevalence ratio, PR, 1.31 in male and 1.78 in female), low depressive symptoms (PR, 0.70 and 0.71), and a high frequency of laughter (PR, 1.12 and 1.13). Among females, walking displayed a significant relationship with all three characteristics (PR, 1.23, 0.79, and 1.06, respectively). Golf in older males and walking in older females might be the first choice for an effective programme to spread sports and exercise groups within the older Japanese community.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio Físico/psicología , Procesos de Grupo , Salud Mental , Deportes/psicología , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Femenino , Golf/psicología , Humanos , Japón/epidemiología , Masculino , Placer , Caminata/psicología , Levantamiento de Peso/psicología
18.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817962

RESUMEN

This study analyses the sporting habits of runners participating in short-distance urban running events to identify groups with different motivations towards the practice of endurance running and participation in urban running events. A sample consisting of 937 participants in the Valencia running circuit was interviewed using a questionnaire consisting of a scale of 22 items to analyse their motives for participating in popular races. An exploratory and confirmatory factorial analysis was carried out to check the validity of the instrument, and the analysis identified the following four factors into which the indicators were grouped: psychological and physical motives (3 items), social motives and interest in running events (5 items), occupation of time and social recognition (6 items) and competitive and material motives (3 items). Subsequently, a cluster analysis was performed by combining hierarchical and non-hierarchical methods, and the analysis identified the following three groups of runners with different characteristics: individual hedonists (n = 276), enthusiasts (n = 312) and socializing hedonists (n = 349). Enthusiastic runners consider most motives important when participating in running events, individual hedonists consider individual psychological and physical motives important, and socializing hedonists consider personal and social motives and interest in sport important. Variables related to age, educational level, annual income level, frequency of running, how the individuals went out to run and the level of the runners contributed to differentiating the identified groups. The results confirm the heterogeneous nature of urban runners.


Asunto(s)
Hábitos , Motivación , Carrera , Deportes/psicología , Población Urbana , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877974

RESUMEN

The purpose of this study was to explore structural relationships between emotional experiences, novelty seeking, tourist satisfaction, and destination loyalty in the context of active sport tourism. The study emphasizes the mediating effect tourist satisfaction has on the relationship between emotional experiences and destination loyalty. The validities and reliabilities of the measures used were examined through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and correlation analysis using 230 domestic and international participants who attended a marathon race as amateur athletes. Structural equation modeling analysis with maximum likelihood estimation was conducted to investigate relationships between study variables. Findings disclosed the positive impacts of (a) emotional experiences on tourist satisfaction and destination loyalty, (b) novelty seeking on tourist satisfaction, and (c) tourist satisfaction on destination loyalty, and demonstrated that (d) tourist satisfaction fully mediates the relationship between emotional experiences and destination loyalty. Based on its results, this study (a) indicates that emotional experiences play key roles in predicting tourist satisfaction and destination loyalty, (b) provides an example of the merits of the Destination Emotion Scale (DES) in a sport tourism setting, (c) implies that both emotional experiences and novelty seeking should be incorporated into tourist behavior models, and (d) contributes to tourism studies by exploring the mediating effect of tourist satisfaction on the relation between emotional experiences and destination loyalty. Thus, destination managers should manage gorgeous natural views and beautiful cityscapes, and organize various fun events, such as prize and ticket giveaway events, music performances, and charity campaigns for tourists during events.


Asunto(s)
Emociones , Satisfacción Personal , Deportes/psicología , Viaje/psicología , Adulto , Análisis Factorial , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , República de Corea
20.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1480, 2019 Nov 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703668

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Youth facing barriers created by social marginalization are at a greater risk of adverse health outcomes, lower educational and occupational attainment, and decreased overall quality of life as adults. The negative psychosocial and physiological consequences of significant barriers to positive development during youth may be mitigated by interventions promoting physical activity, psychosocial development, and healthy behaviours. Sport for Development programming is a possible opportunity for youth facing barriers to engage in activities that foster positive youth development, which may improve socioeconomic outcomes, quality of life and long-term health status in this population. This paper outlines the study protocol measuring impact of an urban Sport for Development facility on positive youth development in youth facing barriers. METHODS/DESIGN: Participants aged 6-29 will be recruited from programs at an urban Sport for Development facility to a 2-year prospective longitudinal mixed-methods study. Participants will be stratified by age into three cohorts with age-specific outcomes. Age-specific positive youth development outcomes will be assessed quantitatively by self-report and pedometer at baseline and after 6 months, 1-year, and 2-years of program participation. Focus groups will provide data regarding youth experience and the impact of facility and program components on youth outcomes. DISCUSSION: Our findings will inform best-practice and feasibility of a Sport for Development facility delivering programs in a socially and economically challenged urban setting in a high-income country. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN67016999. Date of registration: October 22, 2019.


Asunto(s)
Promoción de la Salud/métodos , Desarrollo de Programa , Deportes/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Niño , Femenino , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Estudios Prospectivos , Calidad de Vida , Proyectos de Investigación , Población Urbana , Adulto Joven
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