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1.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 21(1): 196-196, ene.-abr. 2021. graf, tab
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-194177

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 pandemic, declared on March 11, 2020, constitute an extraordinary health, social and economic global challenge. The impact on people's mental health is expected to be high. This paper sought to systematically review community-based studies on depression conducted during the COVID-19 and estimate the pooled prevalence of depression. METHOD: We searched for cross-sectional, community-based studies listed on PubMed or Web of Science from January 1, 2020 to May 8, 2020 that reported prevalence of depression. A random effect model was used to estimate the pooled proportion of depression. RESULTS: A total of 12 studies were included in the meta-analysis, with prevalence rates of depression ranging from 7.45% to 48.30%. The pooled prevalence of depression was 25% (95% CI: 18%−33%), with significant heterogeneity between studies (I2=99.60%, p<.001). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with a global estimated prevalence of depression of 3.44% in 2017, our pooled prevalence of 25% appears to be 7 times higher, thus suggesting an important impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on people's mental health. Addressing mental health during and after this global health crisis should be placed into the international and national public health agenda to improve citizens' wellbeing


INTRODUCCIÓN: La pandemia de COVID-19, declarada el 11 de marzo de 2020, representa un reto global extraordinario a nivel sanitario, social y económico. Se espera un impacto alto en la salud mental de las personas. Este artículo tiene como objetivo realizar una revisión sistemática de estudios transversales basados en muestras comunitarias que proporcionaban la prevalencia de depresión durante la crisis del COVID-19. MÉTODO: Se realizó una búsqueda de estudios comunitarios publicados en Pubmed y Web of Science desde el 1 de enero del 2020 al 8 de mayo del 2020 y que informaron sobre la prevalencia de depresión. Se usó un modelo de efectos aleatorios para estimar la proporción agrupada de depresión. RESULTADOS: Un total de 12 estudios fueron incluidos en el meta-análisis, con prevalencias de depresión que oscilaban entre 7,45% y 48,30%. La prevalencia agrupada de depresión fue de 25% (95% CI: 18%-33%), con heterogeneidad significativa entre estudios (I2 = 99,60%, p < 0,001). CONCLUSIONES: En comparación con una estimación global de depresión en 2017 del 3,44%, nuestra prevalencia agrupada del 25% es 7 veces mayor, sugiriendo un impacto importante del brote de COVID-19 en la salud mental de las personas. El abordaje de la salud mental durante y después de esta crisis global sanitaria debe ser parte de las agendas de salud pública nacionales e internacionales para mejorar el bienestar de los ciudadanos


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Infecciones por Coronavirus/psicología , Neumonía Viral/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Depresión/epidemiología , Pandemias , Infecciones por Coronavirus/epidemiología , Neumonía Viral/epidemiología , Prevalencia
2.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0244347, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395428

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Pneumonia of unknown cause was detected on 30 December 2019 in China. It was categorized as an outbreak and named as COVID-19 by the World Health Organization. The pandemic affects all people, but patient groups such as hemodialysis (HD) patients have been particularly affected. We do not know if refugees suffered more during the outbreak. In this study, we compared depressive symptom frequency between Syrian refugee HD patients and Turkish ones. METHODS: The study had a single-center, cross-sectional design. Demographic and clinical data were collected retrospectively from patients' files containing details about past medical history, demographic variables and laboratory values. Validated Turkish and Arabic forms of Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were used to assess depressive symptoms. BDI scores were compared according to nationality, demographic features and clinical data. A BDI score more than 14 was accepted as suspicion of depression. RESULTS: 119 patients were enrolled in the study. After the exclusion of 22 patients, 75 Turkish and 22 Syrian patients were included for further analysis. The median BDI (interquartile range) score for Turkish and Syrian patients were 12 (7-23) and 19.5 (12.7-25.2), respectively (p = 0.03). Suspicion of depression was present at 42.7% of Turkish, and 72.7% of Syrian HD patients (p = 0.013). Regarding all patients, phosphorus level, Kt/V, and nationality were significantly different between patients with and without suspicion of depression (p = 0.023, 0.039, 0.013, respectively). CONCLUSION: Syrian patients had higher BDI scores and more depressive symptoms than Turkish patients. Additional national measures for better integration and more mental support to Syrian HD patients are needed.


Asunto(s)
Depresión , Pandemias , Refugiados/psicología , Diálisis Renal , Adulto , Anciano , /etnología , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Retrospectivos , Siria/etnología , Turquia/epidemiología
3.
Curr Oncol ; 28(1): 294-300, 2021 01 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430131

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The current Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a highly stressful event that may lead to significant psychological symptoms, particularly in cancer patients who are at a greater risk of contracting viruses. This study examined the frequency of stressors experienced in relation to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic and its relationship with psychological symptoms (i.e., anxiety, depression, insomnia, fear of cancer recurrence) in breast cancer patients. METHODS: Thirty-six women diagnosed with a non-metastatic breast cancer completed the Insomnia Severity Index, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the severity subscale of the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory, and the COVID-19 Stressors Questionnaire developed by our research team. Participants either completed the questionnaires during (30.6%) or after (69.4%) their chemotherapy treatment. RESULTS: Results revealed that most of the participants (63.9%) have experienced at least one stressor related to the COVID-19 pandemic (one: 27.8%, two: 22.2%, three: 11.1%). The most frequently reported stressor was increased responsibilities at home (33.3%). Higher levels of concerns related to the experienced stressors were significantly correlated with higher levels of anxiety, depressive symptoms, insomnia, and fear of cancer recurrence, rs(32) = 0.36 to 0.59, all ps < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Cancer patients experience a significant number of stressors related to the COVID-19 pandemic, which are associated with increased psychological symptoms. These results contribute to a better understanding of the psychological consequences of a global pandemic in the context of cancer and they highlight the need to better support patients during such a challenging time.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/complicaciones , Supervivientes de Cáncer/psicología , Pandemias , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Adulto , Ansiedad/diagnóstico , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Ansiedad/psicología , Neoplasias de la Mama/inmunología , Neoplasias de la Mama/psicología , Neoplasias de la Mama/terapia , /psicología , Supervivientes de Cáncer/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/diagnóstico , Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/psicología , Miedo , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Recurrencia Local de Neoplasia/psicología , Cuestionario de Salud del Paciente/estadística & datos numéricos , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/diagnóstico , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/epidemiología , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/psicología , Estrés Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estrés Psicológico/etiología , Estrés Psicológico/psicología
4.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(1)2021 Jan 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33435391

RESUMEN

Background and objectives: Bipolar disorder (BD) is one of the most burdensome psychiatric illnesses, being associated with a negative long-term outcome and the highest suicide rate. Although affective temperaments can impact on BD long-term outcome, their role remains poorly investigated. The aims of the present study are to describe the clinical characteristics of patients with BD more frequently associated with the different affective temperaments and to assess the relation between affective temperaments and severity of clinical picture in a sample of patients with BD. Materials and Methods: A total of 199 patients have been recruited in the outpatients units of two university sites. Patients' psychiatric symptoms, affective temperaments, and quality of life were investigated through validated assessment instruments. Results: Predominant cyclothymic and irritable temperaments are associated to higher number of relapses, poorer quality of life, higher rates of aggressive behaviors, and suicide attempts. Conversely, the predominant hyperthymic disposition was a protective factor for several outcome measures, including relapse rate, severity of anxiety, depressive and manic symptoms, suicidality, and earlier age at onset. One limitation of the present study is that the recruitment took place in two university sites; therefore, our findings cannot be fully generalized to the whole community of BD patients. Other limitations are the lack of a control group and the cross-sectional design of the study. Conclusions: The early identification of affective temperaments can help clinicians to identify those BD patients who are more likely to show a poor long-term outcome. An early screening of affective temperaments can be useful to develop targeted integrated pharmacological and psychosocial interventions.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno Bipolar/psicología , Trastorno Ciclotímico/psicología , Genio Irritable , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Temperamento , Adulto , Afecto , Edad de Inicio , Agresión/psicología , Ansiedad/psicología , Trastorno Bipolar/fisiopatología , Depresión/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Recurrencia , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Ideación Suicida , Intento de Suicidio/psicología
5.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 6, 2021 Jan 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407857

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Social support is a well-known protective factor against depressive symptoms and substance use problems, but very few studies have examined its protective effects among residents of permanent supportive housing (PSH), a housing program for people with a history of chronic homelessness. We utilized unconditional latent growth curve models (LGCMs) and parallel process growth models to describe univariate trajectories of social support, depressive symptoms, and substance use problems and to examine their longitudinal associations in a large sample of adults residing in PSH. METHODS: Participants were 653 adult PSH residents in North Texas (56% female; 57% Black; mean age: 51 years) who participated in a monthly health coaching program from 2014 to 2017. Their health behaviors were assessed at baseline and tracked every six months at three follow-up visits. RESULTS: Unconditional LGCMs indicated that over time, social support increased, whereas depressive symptoms and substance use problems decreased. However, their rates of change slowed over time. Further, in parallel process growth models, we found that at baseline, individuals with greater social support tended to have less severe depressive symptoms and substance use problems (coefficients: - 0.67, p < 0.01; - 0.52, p < 0.01, respectively). Individuals with a faster increase in social support tended to have steeper rates of reduction in both depressive symptoms (coefficient: - 0.99, p < 0.01) and substance use problems (coefficient: - 0.98, p < 0.01), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that plausibly, increases in social support, though slowing over time, still positively impact depressive symptoms and substance use problems among PSH residents. Future PSH programs could emphasize social support as an early component as it may contribute to clients' overall health.


Asunto(s)
Depresión/epidemiología , Vivienda Popular , Apoyo Social , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/epidemiología , Adulto , Depresión/psicología , Femenino , Personas sin Hogar , Vivienda , Humanos , Análisis de Clases Latentes , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Trastornos Relacionados con Sustancias/psicología
7.
Psychol Trauma ; 13(1): 9-15, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33382329

RESUMEN

Objective: The coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic represents an acute worldwide public health crisis causing an immediate disruption to every demographic group. One group significantly affected both educationally and psychosocially is college students, as they experienced an abrupt cancellation of in-person courses, were forced to leave their dormitories, and witnessed a loss of social activities. Method: This study utilizes survey data from college students in the throes of COVID-19-based home schooling collected for a Belgium-based international study including more than 134,000 participants from 28 countries around the world. Two hundred fifty-seven college students from a U.S. university participated in this study. Results: Results indicate that college students are affected by COVID-19 on several levels, including fear of themselves or others in their social network contracting the virus, apprehension about the changes in coursework delivery and unclear instructional parameters, overall loneliness, compromised motivation, and sleep disturbances, as well as anxious and depressive symptoms. Conclusions: Analyses reveal a positive relationship between academic frustrations and mental health symptoms, the latter also negatively related to trust in the government regarding the preventive measures being implemented. Worries about becoming infected were positively related to mental health symptoms and negatively related to trust in the government. Results and implications are discussed. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Asunto(s)
Rendimiento Académico , Salud Mental , Estudiantes/psicología , Universidades , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedad/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Emociones/fisiología , Miedo/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Soledad/psicología , Masculino , Motivación/fisiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
8.
J Adolesc Health ; 68(1): 53-56, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183926

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: This study aimed to estimate the associations between job insecurity and symptoms of anxiety and depression among U.S. young adults amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: We analyzed data on young adults aged 18-26 years from June 15 to June 30, 2020, from the weekly, cross-sectional Household Pulse Survey (n = 4,852) conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. Two job insecurity measures and four anxiety and depression measures were analyzed using multivariable Poisson regression models adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, education, and marital status. RESULTS: Fifty-nine percent of participants experienced direct or household employment loss since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, and 38% were expected to experience direct or household employment loss in the coming 4 weeks. Recent direct or household employment loss and expected direct or household employment loss, among participants who did not experience recent employment loss, were associated with a greater risk of poor mental health on all four measures. CONCLUSIONS: U.S. young adults experience a significant mental health burden as a result of job insecurity amidst the COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad , Depresión , Empleo/economía , Salud Mental , Adulto , Ansiedad/etnología , Ansiedad/psicología , Censos , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/etnología , Depresión/psicología , Escolaridad , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Estados Unidos , Adulto Joven
11.
Anaesthesia ; 76(1): 82-90, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32761611

RESUMEN

Prehabilitation aims to increase the endurance capacity of patients who are awaiting major surgery. However, there are no studies investigating the implementation of this demanding and expensive intervention in low-income countries. This study aimed to assess the impact of a 4-week trimodal prehabilitation program on the physical and psychological health of patients waiting for colorectal surgery compared with a control group managed according to enhanced recovery after surgery principles supplemented by nutritional care. This study was a single-centre, randomised controlled trial. The primary outcome measures for the physical aspects were 6-minute walking distance (6MWD) and incentive spirometry, whereas the psychological elements were measured using the 36-item short form survey questionnaire and the hospital anxiety and depression score. In total, data from 149 patients were analysed (77 in the prehabilitation group and 72 in the control group). At the time of surgery, patients in the prehabilitation group had improved 6MWD and incentive spirometry compared with the control group (median (IQR [range]) percentage improvement 131% (112-173 [68-376]) vs. 107% (99-120 [63-163]); p < 0.001 and 113% (100-125 [75-200]) vs. 100% (100-112 [86-167]); p < 0.001 respectively). Patients in the prehabilitation group also had reduced anxiety scores compared with the control group (mean (SD) anxiety score (4 (3) vs. 5 (3) respectively; p = 0.032). However, these effects did not translate into improvements in postoperative mortality and morbidity, or a reduction in duration of hospital stay. Trimodal (physical, emotional and nutritional) prehabilitation is able to improve functional status as well as some parameters of emotional and physical well-being of patients waiting for colorectal surgery.


Asunto(s)
Cirugía Colorrectal/psicología , Estado de Salud , Salud Mental , Cuidados Preoperatorios/métodos , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Ansiedad/prevención & control , Ansiedad/psicología , Depresión/prevención & control , Depresión/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Tiempo de Internación , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estado Nutricional , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/epidemiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/mortalidad , Cuidados Preoperatorios/psicología , Espirometría , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Resultado del Tratamiento
12.
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 29(1): 27-34, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153872

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Caregivers of people with dementia (pwD) are at risk of depression, anxiety, and burden. COVID-19 pandemic and government-imposed lockdown as a preventive measure might increase psychological symptoms in caregivers. The authors performed a study to measure the change of psychological symptoms during quarantine or self-isolation for COVID-19 in a sample of Italian caregivers of pwD, and to investigate if the resilience is associated with psychological changes in the sample. METHODS: Eighty-four caregivers of pwD completed an online survey including questionnaires assessing depressive symptomatology and anxiety before and during the lockdown, caregiver burden and levels of resilience. RESULTS: The multivariate analysis of variance revealed an effect of time (before and during the lockdown) in the whole group on depression scores; a significant interaction between time and resilience was found on anxiety scores, revealing that caregivers with high resilience showed a more significant increase of anxiety levels during lockdown than caregivers with low resilience. Moreover, the regression analysis revealed that caregiver burden was associated negatively with resilience scores, and positively with higher functional dependence. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 pandemic and the lockdown produced psychological consequences in caregivers of pwD, with an increase of levels of depression. Moreover, high resilience had a negative effect on anxiety levels and no effect on depressive symptomatology during the lockdown; moreover, it was associated with lower levels of caregiver burden. All caregivers, even those with high resilience levels, should be addressed to psychological interventions to reduce levels of depression, anxiety and caregiver burden.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/psicología , Cuidadores/psicología , Costo de Enfermedad , Demencia/enfermería , Depresión/psicología , Cuarentena/psicología , Resiliencia Psicológica , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Humanos , Italia , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Factores de Tiempo
13.
J Affect Disord ; 280(Pt A): 7-10, 2021 02 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33197782

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To assess the psychological status of college students in China during the COVID-19 outbreak, and offer some theoretical evidence for psychological intervention of college students. METHODS: An online survey was conducted from May 10, 2020 to June 10, 2020. Anxiety symptoms were measured by the Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item Scale (GAD-7). Categorical data were reported as number and percentage, while continuous data were reported as mean ± SD. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between different factors and anxiety symptoms. RESULTS: A total of 89,588 college students participated in the current study, among which 36,865 students (41.1%) reported anxiety symptoms. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the risk factors for anxiety symptoms included the age of 26-30 (OR=1.456), sophomore (OR=1.038), junior (OR=1.087) and senior grades (OR=1.161), a higher paternal education level (OR=1.055), low economic status (OR=1.520), and low social support (OR=1.542). CONCLUSIONS: About two-fifths of Chinese college students experienced anxiety symptoms during the COVID-19 epidemic. Timely and appropriate psychological interventions for college students should be implemented to reduce the psychological harm caused by COVID-19 epidemic.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Salud Mental/estadística & datos numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedad/psicología , /virología , China/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/psicología , Depresión/virología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Factores de Riesgo , Estudiantes/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto Joven
14.
J Adolesc Health ; 68(1): 35-42, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121902

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Adolescents are particularly vulnerable during the COVID-19 quarantine periods and may be at risk for developing psychological distress symptoms that extend beyond a crisis, including depression. This study examined adolescents' postquarantine depressive symptoms associated with pandemic stressors. The primary aim was to identify potential protective factors that may buffer the association between the presence of COVID-19 cases in adolescents' communities and their postquarantine depressive symptoms. METHODS: Adolescents from public schools were recruited from Zhengzhou city, Henan, China (N = 1,487, Mage=13.14 years, 50% girls). Adolescents reported the presence of confirmed or suspected COVID-19 cases in their communities, their daily activities and routines during the 2-month quarantine period, and depressive symptoms after the quarantine period. RESULTS: The presence of cases in adolescents' communities during the quarantine contributed to more depressive symptoms in adolescents after the quarantine. This association was buffered by adolescents' spending more time on physical activities and better maintenance of daily living routines during the quarantine period. The presence of community infection was also more strongly associated with depressive symptoms in older adolescents. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of COVID-19 cases in communities contributed to adolescents' poorer mental health, and the association was stronger for older adolescents. Spending time on physical activities and maintaining daily living routines during the quarantine appear to be practical strategies that can be used by adolescents to mitigate the association between pandemic stressors and their diminishing mental health.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio Físico/psicología , Salud Mental , Factores Protectores , Cuarentena/psicología , Adolescente , China , Depresión/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino
15.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(1): 397-407, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32372177

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: A caregiver's prognostic awareness can affect clinical decisions for the patient. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of family caregivers' prognostic awareness on the quality of life (QOL) and emotional state of both patients with advanced cancer and their caregivers. METHODS: This prospective cohort study was conducted from December of 2016 to January of 2018. A total of 159 patients with advanced cancer and an equal number of caregivers participated. The investigation tools used include the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-C15-Palliative, the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire, and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, and evaluation was performed at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months. Covariance analysis with a general linear modeling was used to compare changes in quality of life scores according to the caregivers' awareness of the prognosis. RESULTS: Mean patient overall QOL score increased in the group of caregivers who were aware of prognosis and decreased in the caregivers who were not aware of the prognosis (p = 0.018). The changes over time in the patients' QOL scores associated with symptoms improved with caregiver awareness (pain, p = 0.017; dyspnea, p = 0.048; appetite loss, p = 0.045). The percentage of depressed patients was smaller after 3 months in the group with caregivers aware of the prognosis (baseline to 3 months p = 0.028). Caregivers who did not understand their patients' prognosis exhibited better existential well-being (p = 0.036), and the incidence of depression was lower in this group at 3 months (p = 0.024). CONCLUSION: Caregivers' prognostic awareness may improve the quality of life and mood in patients with advanced cancer; however, this awareness may harm the quality of life and mood of the caregivers. These results may aid in developing in-depth interventions regarding prognosis for both patients and their caregivers.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores/psicología , Depresión/epidemiología , Neoplasias/mortalidad , Neoplasias/terapia , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Adulto , Afecto , Anciano , Concienciación , Depresión/psicología , Emociones , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Mental , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias/psicología , Pronóstico , Estudios Prospectivos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
16.
Clin Nucl Med ; 46(1): 31-33, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049724

RESUMEN

Matriculating medical students have a low degree of psychological distress. Yet, over time burnout, suicidal ideation, and evidence of depression become quite prevalent among medical students. Often, approximately 50% of the students and sometimes more suffer from burnout. The prevalence of depression in different studies varied but was often approximately 20%. Suicidal ideation in medical students in various articles had a prevalence of approximately 6% to 11%.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Calidad de la Atención de Salud , Seguridad , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Ideación Suicida , Adulto , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Depresión/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalencia , Estrés Psicológico/psicología
17.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(1): 231-237, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32342222

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Adequate adjustment to bodily changes during various phases of cancer treatment is important to patients' emotional well-being. The Body Image Scale (BIS) is a widely used tool for assessment of body image concerns in different cancer types. However, a cut point score indicative of clinically relevant body image concerns has not been established. The purpose of our study was to evaluate whether the previously suggested, but not validated, BIS cut point score of ≥ 10 is an adequate indicator of psychological distress. METHODS: In a prospective cross-sectional study, 590 adult patients were recruited from a psychiatric oncology clinic (November 2017-March 2018). Patient-reported body image concerns, depression, anxiety, and emotional distress were assessed with the BIS, Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale-7, and National Comprehensive Cancer Network Distress Thermometer, respectively. RESULTS: Almost half of the patients had a BIS score ≥ 10; these were more likely to be younger, female, Hispanic, and to have breast cancer than patients with a score < 10. BIS scores were positively associated with depression, anxiety, and distress scores. A BIS score ≥ 10 was a significant predictor of moderate depression and anxiety (odds ratios = 3.555 [95% CI 2.478-5.102] and 3.655 [2.493-5.358]; p < 0.001 for both). CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this is the first study to have assessed the validity of the previously suggested clinically relevant BIS cut point score of ≥ 10 as an indicator of psychological distress. Our results suggest that a BIS score of ≥ 10 or higher should lead to follow-up on body image concerns and/or appropriate referral.


Asunto(s)
Imagen Corporal/psicología , Neoplasias de la Mama/psicología , Distrés Psicológico , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Adulto , Anciano , Instituciones de Atención Ambulatoria , Ansiedad/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Depresión/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Apariencia Física/fisiología , Estudios Prospectivos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
18.
Support Care Cancer ; 29(1): 239-246, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32346797

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Breast cancer (BC) patients report complex negative emotions, including symptoms of anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). What's more, being diagnosed with cancer also has a negative impact on the patient's family such as additional financial burden and care needs, leading to higher levels of caregiver burden. This study aimed to explore whether dispositional mindfulness could alleviate multiple negative emotions of BC patients and to investigate the mediating effect of caregiver burden on the relationship between the patients' dispositional mindfulness and negative emotions. METHODS: A sample of 230 Chinese BC patients receiving chemotherapy and their caregivers voluntarily participated in the study by completing a set of questionnaires including the Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale, the Caregiver Self-assessment Questionnaires, the General Anxiety Symptoms Scale, the Patient Health Questionnaire, and the PTSD Symptom Scale. Structural equation modeling was used to test the relationship between dispositional mindfulness, negative emotions, and caregiver burden. RESULTS: Dispositional mindfulness was significantly and negatively correlated with negative emotions, including anxiety, depression, and PTSD among the BC patients. Structural equation modeling showed that caregiver burden mediated the relation between patients' dispositional mindfulness and negative emotions. CONCLUSION: BC patients with higher levels of dispositional mindfulness showed less negative emotions. The results of the mediation analysis suggested that higher levels of dispositional mindfulness of breast cancer patients could decrease the caregivers' perceived burden and, in turn, relieve patients' negative emotions. Dispositional mindfulness was beneficial to breast cancer patients as well as their caregivers, indicating that mindfulness-based interventions targeting distress in patient-caregiver dyads would be more effective than what interventions for patients alone.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/psicología , Cuidadores/psicología , Atención Plena/métodos , Pacientes/psicología , Adulto , Anciano , Ansiedad/psicología , Atención , Neoplasias de la Mama/tratamiento farmacológico , China , Depresión/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Personalidad , Psicometría/métodos , Rol , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777327

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Health professionals are key personnel to containing infectious diseases like COVID-19. In the face of long work shifts (that reach 16 h per day on average), the risk of getting infected by a high-infectious disease and the lack of enough biological protection measures, mental suffering among health professionals suddenly became evident. METHOD: We carried out an updated meta-analysis to investigate the psychiatric impacts on health professionals in the face of the physical and psychological conditions to which they are subjected due to the high demands of the COVID-19 pandemic. Papers were researched in four databases from December 2019 to April 2020. In total, eight papers were included in the study. RESULTS: Health professionals working to fight COVID-19 are being more severely affected by psychiatric disorders associated with depression, anxiety, distress and insomnia, stress, and indirect traumatization than other occupational groups. No significant differences were observed in the publication bias. CONCLUSION: There is a strong association between health professionals and COVID-19 in terms of psychiatric repercussions. Our meta-analysis showed that health professionals have a higher level of indirect traumatization, in which the level of damage exceeds psychological and emotional tolerance and indirectly results in psychological abnormalities. The incidence of obsessive-compulsive traces and somatizations was higher in situations involving front-line professionals.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Trastornos Mentales/etiología , Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Enfermedades Profesionales/etiología , Enfermedades Profesionales/psicología , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Ansiedad/etiología , Ansiedad/psicología , Depresión/etiología , Depresión/psicología , Personal de Salud , Humanos , Distrés Psicológico , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/etiología , Trastornos del Inicio y del Mantenimiento del Sueño/psicología , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología
20.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(3-4): 380-388, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370736

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Menopause is a special stage in a woman's life, but no safe clinical treatment exists against menopausal symptoms. To analyze the effect of the information support method combined with yoga exercise on the depression, anxiety, and sleep quality of menopausal women. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From June 2019 to December 2019, menopausal women who were newly recruited in three yoga clubs in three cities in East China were selected as the participants by convenience sampling. A total of 52 women were in the experiment group and 54 were in the control group. In 24 weeks, the experiment group engaged in yoga exercise for 60 minutes each time, three times a week. They group was given professional positive psychological information support at the same time. The Kupperman Menopausal Symptom Distress Scale, Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were used before the experiment, three months into the experiment, and six months into the experiment to monitor the intervention effect on the participants. RESULTS: After the intervention, the symptoms of distress among menopausal women in the experiment group and the Kupperman score of the experiment group reduced significantly. Repeated measures of analysis of variance were conducted in the two groups (P<0.001). After the intervention, the depression score of the experiment group decreased significantly. A significant difference was found between the two groups in repeated measures analysis of variance in the SDS score (P<0.001). After the intervention, the anxiety score of the experiment group reduced significantly, and repeated measures of analysis of variance in the SAS score were conducted in the two groups (P<0.001). After the intervention, the sleep quality of the experiment group improved, and repeated measures of analysis of variance in sleep quality were conducted in the two groups (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The information support method combined with yoga exercise can alleviate the depression and anxiety of menopausal women, improve their sleep quality, and reduce their symptoms of menopausal distress.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/terapia , Depresión/terapia , Educación en Salud/métodos , Menopausia/psicología , Sueño/fisiología , Yoga/psicología , Ansiedad/psicología , China , Depresión/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Calidad de Vida
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