Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 48.550
Filtrar
1.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1346158, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572476

RESUMEN

Background: The metabolic score for insulin resistance index (METS-IR) is a novel non insulin-based marker that indicates the risk for metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, METS-IR has not been investigated in relation to all-cause mortality. We investigated the longitudinal effect of METS-IR on all-cause mortality in a significantly large cohort of Korean adults over 60 years old. Methods: Data were assessed from 30,164 Korean participants over 60 years of age from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study-Health Examinees (KoGES-HEXA) cohort data, linked with the death certificate database of the National Statistical Office. The participants were grouped into three according to METS-IR tertiles. We used multivariate Cox proportional-hazard regression models to prospectively assess hazard ratios (HRs) for all-cause mortality with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) over an 11-year postbaseline period. Results: During the mean 11.7 years of follow-up, 2,821 individuals expired. The HRs of mortality for METS-IR tertiles were 1.16 (95% CI, 1.01-1.34) in T3 after adjustment for metabolic parameters, but the T2 did not show statistical significance towards increases for incident mortality respectively. In subgroup analysis depending on the cause of mortality, higher METS-IR was associated with cancer mortality (HR, 1.23, 95% CI, 1.01-1.51) but not with cardiovascular mortality (HR, 1.14, 95% CI, 0.83-1.57) after adjustment for the same confounding variables. Conclusion: The METS-IR may be a useful predictive marker for all-cause mortality and cancer mortality, but not for cardiovascular mortality in subjects over 60 years of age. This implies that early detection and intervention strategies for metabolic syndrome could potentially benefit this identified group.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Resistencia a la Insulina , Síndrome Metabólico , Neoplasias , Adulto , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Síndrome Metabólico/epidemiología , Síndrome Metabólico/genética , Síndrome Metabólico/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiología , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Insulina , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/complicaciones , República de Corea/epidemiología , Neoplasias/epidemiología , Neoplasias/complicaciones
2.
JAMA Netw Open ; 7(4): e245656, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578636

RESUMEN

Importance: Youths with type 2 diabetes are at higher risk for complications compared with peers with type 1 diabetes, though few studies have evaluated differences in access to specialty care. Objective: To compare claims with diabetes specialists for youths with type 1 vs type 2 diabetes and the association between specialist claims with multidisciplinary and acute care utilization. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study used Optum Clinformatics Data Mart commercial claims. Individuals included in the study were youths younger than 19 years with type 1 or 2 diabetes as determined by a validated algorithm and prescription claims. Data were collected for youths with at least 80% enrollment in a commercial health plan from December 1, 2018, to December 31, 2019. Statistical analysis was performed from September 2022 to January 2024. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the number of ambulatory claims from an endocrine and/or diabetes physician or advanced practice clinician associated with a diabetes diagnosis code; secondary outcomes included multidisciplinary and acute care claims. Results: Claims were analyzed for 4772 youths (mean [SD] age, 13.6 [3.7] years; 4300 [90.1%] type 1 diabetes; 472 [9.9%] type 2 diabetes; 2465 [51.7%] male; 128 [2.7%] Asian, 303 [6.4] Black or African American, 429 [9.0%] Hispanic or Latino, 3366 [70.5%] non-Hispanic White, and 546 [11.4%] unknown race and ethnicity). Specialist claims were lower in type 2 compared with type 1 diabetes (incidence rate ratio [IRR], 0.61 [95% CI, 0.52-0.72]; P < .001) in propensity score-weighted analyses. The presence of a comorbidity was associated with increased specialist claims for type 1 diabetes (IRR, 1.07 [95% CI, 1.03-1.10]) and decreased claims for type 2 diabetes (IRR, 0.77 [95% CI, 0.67-0.87]). Pooling diagnosis groups and adjusted for covariates, each additional specialist claim was associated with increased odds of a claim with a diabetes care and education specialist (odds ratio [OR], 1.31 [95% CI, 1.25-1.36]), dietitian (OR, 1.14 [95% CI, 1.09-1.19]), and behavioral health clinician (OR, 1.16 [95% CI, 1.12-1.20]). For acute care claims, each additional specialist claim was associated with increased odds of admission (OR, 1.17 [95% CI, 1.11-1.24]) but not for emergency claims (OR, 1.03 [95% CI, 0.98-1.82]). Conclusions and Relevance: This cross-sectional study found that youths with type 2 diabetes were significantly less likely to have specialist claims despite insurance coverage, indicating other barriers to care, which may include medical complexity. Access to diabetes specialists influences engagement with multidisciplinary services. The association between increasing ambulatory clinician services and admissions suggests high utilization by a subgroup of patients at greater risk for poor outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Femenino , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiología , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/epidemiología , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicaciones , Estudios Transversales , Estudios Retrospectivos , Etnicidad
3.
West Afr J Med ; 41(2): 118-125, 2024 Feb 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581652

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Studies from different parts of the world on thyroid dysfunction have shown it to be widespread in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); however, there is insufficient local data to support this observation. AIM: To determine the burden of thyroid dysfunction among patients with T2DM at a Tertiary Hospital in Southeast Nigeria with emphasis on its prevalence and pattern of presentation. METHODS: Four hundred and seventy-two subjects were recruited for the study. All the subjects (100%) were of African descent. Three hundred and fifty-four (354) of them were patients with T2DM, while 118 subjects who did not have T2DM served as the controls. This study is a descriptive cross-sectional study involving patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending the Diabetes Clinic or receiving treatment in the Medical Wards. Subjects were recruited using systematic sampling. The first patient was selected by simple random sampling, and subsequently, every consecutive subject was selected. Blood samples were tested for HbA1c, fT3, fT4, thyrotropin, and thyroid stimulating hormone. Socio-demographic information was retrieved from patient medical records. We used the Student's t-test for statistical comparison of quantitative variables such as weight, height, blood pressure, serum TSH, and serum T3; while for comparison of proportions, we used a Chi-squared test. We set a p-value of less than 0.05 to be statistically significant. RESULTS: Females formed the majority of the study population accounting for 56.5% of the type 2 DM patients and 62.7% of the controls. We observed that the mean age of the type 2 DM patients was 57.5 (±9.3) years, which was similar to the mean age of controls: 57.7±8.9 (p=0.17). We also observed that the mean age at diagnosis of DM was 54±7.6 years, while the mean duration of DM for all the type 2 DM patients was 6.5±2.8 years. We observed that in patients with T2DM, the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction was 12.4% and among the controls, a prevalence of 1.7% was observed (P <0.05). Females formed the majority (75%) of T2DM patients with thyroid dysfunction and hypothyroidism was the most common type of thyroid dysfunction (93.2%) observed in this study. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in T2DM patients in this study was 12.4% which was high compared to 1.7% observed in the controls (P = 0.001). The majority of those who had thyroid dysfunction were females. About 9 in 10 of all subjects with thyroid dysfunction had hypothyroidism.


CONTEXTE: Des études menées dans différentes régions du monde sur la dysfonction thyroïdienne ont montré qu'elle est répandue chez les patients atteints de diabète sucré de type 2 (T2DM) ; cependant, il existe des données locales insuffisantes pour étayer cette observation. OBJECTIF: Déterminer la charge de la dysfonction thyroïdienne chez les patients atteints de T2DM dans un hôpital tertiaire du sud-est du Nigeria, en mettant l'accent sur sa prévalence et son modèle de présentation. MÉTHODES: Quatre cent soixante-douze sujets ont été recrutés pour l'étude. Tous les sujets (100 %) étaient d'origine africaine. Trois cent cinquante-quatre (354) d'entre eux étaient des patients atteints de T2DM, tandis que 118 sujets ne présentaient pas de T2DM et servaient de témoins. Cette étude est une étude transversale descriptive impliquant des patients atteints de diabète sucré de type 2 fréquentant la clinique du diabète ou recevant un traitement dans les services de médecine. Les sujets ont été recrutés par échantillonnage systématique. Le premier patient a été sélectionné par échantillonnage aléatoire simple, et par la suite, chaque sujet consécutif a été sélectionné. Des échantillons de sang ont été testés pour l'HbA1c, le fT3, le fT4 et la thyrotropine, hormone stimulant la thyroïde. Les informations sociodémographiques ont été récupérées à partir des dossiers médicaux des patients. Nous avons utilisé le test t de Student pour la comparaison statistique des variables quantitatives telles que le poids, la taille, la pression artérielle, la TSH sérique et la T3 sérique ; tandis que pour la comparaison des proportions, nous avons utilisé un test du Chi-carré. Nous avons fixé une valeur de p inférieure à 0,05 pour être statistiquement significative. RÉSULTATS: Les femmes formaient la majorité de la population étudiée, représentant 56,5 % des patients atteints de DM de type 2 et 62,7 % des témoins. Nous avons observé que l'âge moyen des patients atteints de DM de type 2 était de 57,5 (±9,3) ans, ce qui était similaire à l'âge moyen des témoins: 57,7±8,9 (p=0,17). Nous avons également observé que l'âge moyen au diagnostic du DM était de 54±7,6 ans, tandis que la durée moyenne du DM pour l'ensemble des patients atteints de DM de type 2 était de 6,5±2,8 ans. Nous avons observé que chez les patients atteints de T2DM, la prévalence de la dysfonction thyroïdienne était de 12,4 % et parmi les témoins, une prévalence de 1,7 % a été observée (P <0,05). Les femmes formaient la majorité (75 %) des patients atteints de T2DM avec une dysfonction thyroïdienne et l'hypothyroïdie était le type le plus courant de dysfonction thyroïdienne (93,2 %) observé dans cette étude. CONCLUSION: La prévalence de la dysfonction thyroïdienne chez les patients atteints de T2DM dans cette étude était de 12,4 %, ce qui était élevé par rapport à 1,7 % observé chez les témoins (P = 0,001). La majorité de ceux qui avaient une dysfonction thyroïdienne étaient des femmes. Environ 9 sujets sur 10 présentant une dysfonction thyroïdienne avaient une hypothyroïdie. MOTS-CLÉS: Dysfonction thyroïdienne; Diabète sucré de type 2; Hypothyroïdie; Sud-est du Nigeria; Prévalence.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hipotiroidismo , Enfermedades de la Tiroides , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Masculino , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Prevalencia , Nigeria/epidemiología , Enfermedades de la Tiroides/epidemiología , Hipotiroidismo/epidemiología
6.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 481, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578530

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and depression are often linked. Several studies have reported the role of molecular markers either in diabetes or depression. The present study aimed at molecular level profiling of Indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and cellular senescence in patients with type 2 diabetes with and without depression compared to individuals with healthy controls. METHODS: A total of 120 individuals diagnosed with T2DM were enlisted for the study, with a subset of participants with and without exhibiting depression. The gene expression analysis was done using quantitative real-time PCR. RESULTS: Indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase (p < 0.001) and senescence genes (p < 0.001) were significantly upregulated, while brain derived neurotrophic factor (p < 0.01) was significantly downregulated in T2DM patients comorbid with and without depression when compared to healthy controls. CONCLUSION: Indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase, Brain derived neurotrophic factor and cellular senescence may play a role in the progression of the disease. The aforementioned discoveries offer significant contributions to our understanding of the molecular mechanisms that underlie T2DM with depression, potentially aiding in the advancement of prediction and diagnostic methods for this particular ailment.


Asunto(s)
Depresión , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Factor Neurotrófico Derivado del Encéfalo/genética , Senescencia Celular/genética , Depresión/genética , Depresión/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenasa/genética , Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenasa/metabolismo
7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8002, 2024 04 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580699

RESUMEN

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is often a common comorbidity in critically ill patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This study explored the relationship between blood urea nitrogen to serum albumin ratio (BAR) and mortality in T2DM patients with CKD in intensive care unit (ICU). Patients were recruited from the Medical Information Mart database, retrospectively. The primary and secondary outcomes were 90-day mortality, the length of ICU stay, hospital mortality and 30-day mortality, respectively. Cox regression model and Kaplan-Meier survival curve were performed to explore the association between BAR and 90-day mortality. Subgroup analyses were performed to determine the consistency of this association. A total of 1920 patients were enrolled and divided into the three groups (BAR < 9.2, 9.2 ≤ BAR ≤ 21.3 and BAR > 21.3). The length of ICU stay, 30-day mortality, and 90-day mortality in the BAR > 21.3 group were significantly higher than other groups. In Cox regression analysis showed that high BAR level was significantly associated with increased greater risk of 90-day mortality. The adjusted HR (95%CIs) for the model 1, model 2, and model 3 were 1.768 (1.409-2.218), 1.934, (1.489-2.511), and 1.864, (1.399-2.487), respectively. Subgroup analysis also showed the consistency of results. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis revealed similar results as well that BAR > 21.3 had lower 90-day survival rate. High BAR was significantly associated with increased risk of 90-day mortality. BAR could be a simple and useful prognostic tool in T2DM patients with CKD in ICU.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica , Humanos , Nitrógeno de la Urea Sanguínea , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/complicaciones , Albúmina Sérica
8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8087, 2024 04 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582803

RESUMEN

The increasing use of sodium glucose transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) for treating cardiovascular (CV) diseases and type 2 diabetes (T2D) is accompanied by a rise in euglycemic diabetic ketoacidosis occurrences in cardiac surgery patients. Patients undergoing cardiac surgery, due to their pre-existing CV disease which often requires SGLT2i prescriptions, face an increased risk of postoperative metabolic acidosis (MA) or ketoacidosis (KA) associated with SGLT2i, compounded by fasting and surgical stress. The primary aim of this study is to quantify the incidence of SGLT2i-related postoperative MA or KA and to identify related risk factors. We analyzed data retrospectively of 823 cardiac surgery patients, including 46 treated with SGLT2i from November 2019 to October 2022. Among 46 final cohorts treated preoperatively with SGLT2i, 29 (63%) developed postoperative metabolic complications. Of these 46 patients, stratified into two categories based on postoperative laboratory findings, risk factor analysis were conducted and compared. Analysis indicated a prescription duration over one week significantly elevated the risk of complications (Unadjusted OR, 11.7; p = 0.032*; Adjusted OR, 31.58; p = 0.014*). A subgroup analysis showed that a cardiopulmonary bypass duration of 60 min or less significantly raises the risk of SGLT2i-related postoperative MA in patients with a sufficient prescription duration. We omitted the term "diabetes" in describing complications related to SGLT2i, as these issues are not exclusive to T2D patients. Awareness of SGLT2i-related postoperative MA or KA can help clinicians distinguish between non-life-threatening conditions and severe causes, thereby preventing unnecessary tests and ensuring best practice.


Asunto(s)
Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Cardíacos , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Cetoacidosis Diabética , Inhibidores del Cotransportador de Sodio-Glucosa 2 , Humanos , Inhibidores del Cotransportador de Sodio-Glucosa 2/efectos adversos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamiento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/inducido químicamente , Hipoglucemiantes/farmacología , Estudios Retrospectivos , Cetoacidosis Diabética/complicaciones , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Cardíacos/efectos adversos , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/etiología , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/inducido químicamente , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/complicaciones , Glucosa
9.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 201, 2024 Apr 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582826

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Individuals with diabetes mellitus are at increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, which in turn are the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in the diabetic population. A peculiar feature of cardiovascular diseases in this population is that they can have significant cardiac disease while remaining asymptomatic. There is a paucity of data regarding subclinical cardiac imaging features among diabetic adults in Africa, particularly in Ethiopia. This study was conducted to compare the magnitude and spectrum of left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction among asymptomatic type 2 diabetic adults versus a normotensive, non-diabetic control group and to evaluate the determinants of left ventricular diastolic and systolic dysfunction. METHODS: This was a case-control study conducted at Tikur Anbessa specialized hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A standard transthoracic echocardiography was done for all study participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus and their normotensive and non-diabetic controls. Structured questionnaires were used to collect demographic and clinical characteristics and laboratory test results. Statistical analysis was done using the SPSS 25.0 software. The data was summarized using descriptive statistics. Bivariate and multivariate analysis was performed to determine the association between variables and echocardiographic parameters. The strength of statistical association was measured by adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals, with significant differences taken at p < 0.05. RESULTS: We analyzed age- and sex-matched 100 participants in the study (diabetic) group and 200 individuals in the control group. Left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction were significantly more prevalent among diabetic adults than their sex and age matched controls. Among diabetic individuals, ages of 60 years and above, dyslipidemia, use of Metformin and Glibenclamide, high serum triglyceride level, presence of neuropathy and use of statins correlated significantly with the presence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction. Chronic kidney disease and neuropathy were determinants of left ventricular systolic dysfunction. CONCLUSION: Left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction were significantly more prevalent among diabetic patients than their sex- and age-matched controls in our study. We recommend early screening for subclinical left ventricular dysfunction, especially in the elderly and in those with chronic kidney disease, dyslipidemia, and microvascular complications such as neuropathy.


Asunto(s)
Cardiomiopatías , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Dislipidemias , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda , Adulto , Humanos , Anciano , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiología , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Estudios de Seguimiento , Etiopía/epidemiología , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda/diagnóstico por imagen , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda/epidemiología , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda/etiología , Cardiomiopatías/complicaciones , Hospitales , Dislipidemias/diagnóstico , Dislipidemias/epidemiología , Dislipidemias/complicaciones , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/complicaciones
10.
Pan Afr Med J ; 47: 37, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586073

RESUMEN

Introduction: type 2 Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease with devastating effects on patients and results in numerous healthcare challenges in terms of its management and the cost burden among the affected. Successful management involves maintaining optimal glycemic control to prevent complications, with adherence to antidiabetic medications playing a crucial role in achieving this objective. Additionally, maintaining a healthy electrolyte balance is key for overall well-being and physiological function. However, the correlation between glycated hemoglobin and electrolyte balance remains under investigated, particularly in patients with suboptimal adherence. The aim of this research was to study the relationship between glycated hemoglobin and electrolytes among diabetic patients with poor adherence to antidiabetic medications. Methods: this study was conducted at Samburu County Referral Hospital in Samburu County, Kenya. We employed a descriptive cross-sectional design focusing on adult diabetic patients aged 18 years and above who had visited the diabetic clinic over a three-month period. To evaluate their adherence levels, we employed a Morisky Medication Adherence Scale-8. Seventy-two diabetic patients who got adherence level scores of < 6 were categorized as having low adherence and their blood samples were collected for measuring glycated hemoglobin levels and electrolytes levels particularly potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and chloride. Relationship between electrolytes and glycated hemoglobin among diabetic patients with poor adherence to antidiabetics was determined using Karl Pearson correlation. Results: among the study participants, the lowest hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) level recorded was 5.1% while the highest was 15.0% and the majority (41.7%) fell within the HbA1c range of 5-7%. A high proportion of individuals (58.3%) with poor adherence to antidiabetics had elevated HbA1c levels, indicating poor glycemic control. The correlations observed between glycated hemoglobin and electrolytes which included magnesium, sodium, chloride, calcium and phosphorus was r= -0.07, -0.32, -0.05 -0.24 and -0.04 respectively. Conclusion: this study concluded that there is a relationship between electrolytes and glycated hemoglobin among diabetic patients with poor adherence to antidiabetics. A statistically significant negative correlation was observed between glycated hemoglobin and calcium level (r=-0.2398 P ≤0.05) and also sodium (r=-0.31369 P≤0.05). A negative correlation (P≥0.05) was observed between phosphorus, magnesium, chloride and potassium with HbA1c levels though not statistically significant.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Adulto , Humanos , Hemoglobina Glucada , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamiento farmacológico , Estudios Transversales , Calcio , Magnesio , Cloruros/uso terapéutico , Glucemia/metabolismo , Hipoglucemiantes/uso terapéutico , Electrólitos , Sodio , Potasio , Fósforo
11.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1359772, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586455

RESUMEN

Meal timing emerges as a crucial factor influencing metabolic health that can be explained by the tight interaction between the endogenous circadian clock and metabolic homeostasis. Mistimed food intake, such as delayed or nighttime consumption, leads to desynchronization of the internal circadian clock and is associated with an increased risk for obesity and associated metabolic disturbances such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Conversely, meal timing aligned with cellular rhythms can optimize the performance of tissues and organs. In this review, we provide an overview of the metabolic effects of meal timing and discuss the underlying mechanisms. Additionally, we explore factors influencing meal timing, including internal determinants such as chronotype and genetics, as well as external influences like social factors, cultural aspects, and work schedules. This review could contribute to defining meal-timing-based recommendations for public health initiatives and developing guidelines for effective lifestyle modifications targeting the prevention and treatment of obesity and associated metabolic diseases. Furthermore, it sheds light on crucial factors that must be considered in the design of future food timing intervention trials.


Asunto(s)
Relojes Circadianos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Humanos , Ritmo Circadiano , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Obesidad/etiología , Comidas
12.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1284799, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38586459

RESUMEN

Background: Psychosocial status and patient reported outcomes (PRO) [depression and health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL)] are major health determinants. We investigated the association between depression and clinical outcomes in Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), adjusted for PRO. Methods: Using prospective data from Hong Kong Diabetes Register (2013-2019), we estimated the hazard-ratio (HR, 95%CI) of depression (validated Patient Health Questionnaire 9 (PHQ-9) score≥7) with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD), ischemic heart disease (IHD), chronic kidney disease (CKD: eGFR<60 ml/min/1.73m2) and all-cause mortality in 4525 Chinese patients with T2D adjusted for patient characteristics, renal function, medications, self-care and HRQoL domains (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain/discomfort, anxiety/depression measured by EQ-5D-3L) in linear-regression models. Results: In this cohort without prior events [mean ± SD age:55.7 ± 10.6, 43.7% women, median (IQR) disease duration of 7.0 (2.0-13.0) years, HbA1c, 7.2% (6.6%-8.20%), 26.4% insulin-treated], 537(11.9%) patients had depressive symptoms and 1923 (42.5%) patients had some problems with HRQoL at baseline. After 5.6(IQR: 4.4-6.2) years, 141 patients (3.1%) died, 533(11.8%) developed CKD and 164(3.6%) developed CVD. In a fully-adjusted model (model 4) including self-care and HRQoL, the aHR of depression was 1.99 (95% confidence interval CI):1.25-3.18) for CVD, 2.29 (1.25-4.21) for IHD. Depression was associated with all-cause mortality in models 1-3 adjusted for demographics, clinical characteristics and self-care, but was attenuated after adjusting for HRQoL (model 4- 1.54; 95%CI: 0.91-2.60), though HR still indicated same direction with important magnitude. Patients who reported having regular exercise (3-4 times per week) had reduced aHR of CKD [0.61 (0.41-0.89)]. Item 4 of PHQ-9 (feeling tired, little energy) was independently associated with all-cause mortality with aHR of 1.66 (1.30-2.12). Conclusion: Depression exhibits significant association with CVD, IHD, and all-cause mortality in patients with diabetes, adjusting for their HRQoL and health behaviors. Despite the association between depression and all-cause mortality attenuated after adjusting for HRQoL, the effect size remains substantial. The feeling of tiredness or having little energy, as assessed by item Q4 of the PHQ-9 questionnaire, was found to be significantly associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality after covariate adjustments. Our findings emphasize the importance of incorporating psychiatric evaluations into holistic diabetes management.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiología , Hong Kong/epidemiología , Depresión/complicaciones , Depresión/epidemiología , Riñón , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/complicaciones , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/complicaciones , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/epidemiología , Medición de Resultados Informados por el Paciente
13.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 18(4): e0012048, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564496

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Numerous studies indicate a potential protective role of helminths in diabetes mellitus (DM) progression. The complement system, vital for host defense, plays a crucial role in tissue homeostasis and immune surveillance. Dysregulated complement activation is implicated in diabetic complications. We aimed to investigate the influence of the helminth, Strongyloides stercoralis (Ss) on complement activation in individuals with type 2 DM (T2D). METHODOLOGY: We assessed circulating levels of complement proteins (C1q, C2, C3, C4, C4b, C5, C5a, and MBL (Lectin)) and their regulatory components (Factor B, Factor D, Factor H, and Factor I) in individuals with T2D with (n = 60) or without concomitant Ss infection (n = 58). Additionally, we evaluated the impact of anthelmintic therapy on these parameters after 6 months in Ss-infected individuals (n = 60). RESULTS: Ss+DM+ individuals demonstrated reduced levels of complement proteins (C1q, C4b, MBL (Lectin), C3, C5a, and C3b/iC3b) and complement regulatory proteins (Factor B and Factor D) compared to Ss-DM+ individuals. Following anthelmintic therapy, there was a partial reversal of these levels in Ss+DM+ individuals. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that Ss infection reduces complement activation, potentially mitigating inflammatory processes in individuals with T2D. The study underscores the complex interplay between helminth infections, complement regulation, and diabetes mellitus, offering insights into potential therapeutic avenues.


Asunto(s)
Antihelmínticos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Helmintos , Strongyloides stercoralis , Estrongiloidiasis , Animales , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamiento farmacológico , Factor B del Complemento , Factor D del Complemento/uso terapéutico , Complemento C1q , Estrongiloidiasis/complicaciones , Estrongiloidiasis/tratamiento farmacológico , Activación de Complemento , Antihelmínticos/uso terapéutico , Lectinas
14.
South Med J ; 117(4): 199-205, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569609

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: Eradication of Helicobacter pylori reduces the risk of gastric cancer (GC). Individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are known to be at increased risk for GC. In a cohort of H. pylori-positive individuals, we assessed whether those with T2DM were at risk of persistent infection following H. pylori treatment compared with individuals without T2DM. METHODS: A random subset of all individuals diagnosed as having H. pylori without intestinal metaplasia at endoscopy from 2015 to 2019 were stratified evenly by race (Black and White). After excluding those with T1DM and those without eradication testing after H. pylori treatment, logistic regression analysis was used to determine the association of T2DM with the risk of persistent H. pylori infection following treatment. RESULTS: In 138 patients, H. pylori eradication rates did not differ between the 27% of individuals with T2DM compared to those without (81.1% vs 81.2%). After adjusting for age, race, and insurance status, we found no significant increased risk of persistent H. pylori infection for individuals with T2DM (odds ratio 1.40; 95% confidence interval 0.49-3.99). CONCLUSIONS: H. pylori eradication rates do not differ by T2DM status, providing support for clinical trials of H. pylori eradication to reduce GC incidence among high-risk populations in the United States, such as individuals with T2DM.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Infecciones por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiología , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamiento farmacológico , Factores de Riesgo , Infecciones por Helicobacter/complicaciones , Infecciones por Helicobacter/tratamiento farmacológico , Infecciones por Helicobacter/epidemiología , Quimioterapia Combinada , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiología , Neoplasias Gástricas/prevención & control , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Antibacterianos/uso terapéutico
15.
BMJ Case Rep ; 17(4)2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38569738

RESUMEN

A man in his late 60s with a history of well-controlled type 2 diabetes and hepatic cirrhosis presented to the emergency department due to uncontrollable hyperglycaemia following the initial brentuximab vedotin (BV) infusion. BV was initiated as a treatment for mycosis fungoides, a form of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. The patient was diagnosed with severe hyperglycaemia with ketosis. Empiric treatment with amoxicillin-clavulanic acid, hydration and intravenous insulin infusion was initiated. Hyperglycaemia persisted despite receiving massive amounts of insulin and was corrected only after treatment with high-dose methylprednisolone for suspected type B insulin resistance. Extremely high and difficult-to-treat hyperglycaemia is a rare side effect of BV. Unfortunately, the patient died of upper gastrointestinal bleeding 22 days after discharge. In patients with obesity and/or diabetes mellitus, the blood glucose levels should be carefully monitored when treated with BV.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hiperglucemia , Inmunoconjugados , Resistencia a la Insulina , Insulinas , Neoplasias Cutáneas , Masculino , Humanos , Brentuximab Vedotina/uso terapéutico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamiento farmacológico , Neoplasias Cutáneas/patología , Hiperglucemia/inducido químicamente , Hiperglucemia/tratamiento farmacológico , Insulinas/uso terapéutico
16.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 24(1): 232, 2024 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570742

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Diabetes distress is commonly seen in adults with pre-existing diabetes and is associated with worsened glycemic management and self-management practices. While a majority of women report increased stress during pregnancy, it is unknown how women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes experience diabetes distress during this unique and transitional time. PURPOSE: This study aimed to understand the experiences and perceptions of diabetes distress in women with pre-existing diabetes during pregnancy. METHODS: A qualitative study using an interpretive description approach was conducted. In-depth, one to one interviewing was used to capture rich descriptions of the pregnancy experience. Nested, stratified, and theoretical sampling was used to recruit 18 participants with type 1 and type 2 diabetes from the quantitative strand of this mixed methods study. Constant comparative analysis was used to inductively analyze the data and develop themes. FINDINGS: Four themes, each with several subthemes, emerged under the main finding of "Diabetes Distress": 1) Worry for Baby's Health - "What's this going to do to the baby?"' 2) Feeling Overwhelmed with Diabetes Management-"It just seemed unattainable"; 3) Living with Diabetes - "There's no way out" and 4) Cycle of Diabetes Distress. CONCLUSIONS: The findings from this study identify the sources and experiences of diabetes distress during pregnancy in women with pre-existing diabetes. Diabetes distress often presents as cyclical and multifaceted during pregnancy, with elements of fear for the unborn baby, difficulties with diabetes management, and having negative lived experiences of diabetes. Further work is needed to develop appropriate screening tools for pregnancy and interventions to mitigate diabetes distress. Diabetes educators are well-positioned provide emotional support and person-centred self-management education to individuals with diabetes.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Embarazo , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Investigación Cualitativa , Emociones
17.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 24(1): 191, 2024 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570824

RESUMEN

AIM: To examine the prognostic value of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity for monitoring reduced left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF)in the patients with type 2 diabetes and acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: The population of this cross-sectional study included 2377 inpatients with type 2 diabetes who had an ACS admitted to the Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from January 2016 to January 2021. RESULTS: Diabetic patients with ACS were divided into 2 subgroups based on LVEF. The mean SOD activity was significantly lower in patients with an LVEF ≤ 45% than in those with an LVEF > 45% (149.1 (146.4, 151.9) versus 161.9 (160.8, 163.0)). Using ROC statistic, a cut-off value of 148.8 U/ml indicated an LVEF ≤ 45% with a sensitivity of 51.6% and a specificity of 73.7%. SODs activity were found to be correlated with the levels of NT-proBNP, hs-cTnT, the inflammatory marker CRP and fibrinogen. Despite taking the lowest quartile as a reference (OR 0.368, 95% CI 0.493-0.825, P = 0.001) or examining 1 normalized unit increase (OR 0.651, 95% CI 0.482-0.880, P = 0.005), SOD activity was found to be a stronger predictor of reduced LVEF than CRP and fibrinogen, independent of confounding factors. CONCLUSIONS: Our cross-sectional study suggests that SOD activity might be a valuable and easily accessible tool for assessing and monitoring reduced LVEF in the diabetic patients with ACS.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome Coronario Agudo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda , Humanos , Síndrome Coronario Agudo/diagnóstico , Volumen Sistólico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores , Estudios Transversales , Función Ventricular Izquierda , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda/epidemiología , Pronóstico , Superóxido Dismutasa , Fibrinógeno
18.
Med Sci Monit ; 30: e942509, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561932

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is a prevalent complication affecting over 60% of type 2 diabetes patients. Early diagnosis is challenging, leading to irreversible impacts on quality of life. This study explores the predictive value of combining HbA1c and Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) for early DPN detection. MATERIAL AND METHODS An observational study was conducted at the First People's Hospital of Linping District, Hangzhou spanning from May 2019 to July 2020. Data on sex, age, biochemical measurements were collected from electronic medical records and analyzed. Employing multivariate logistic regression analysis, we sought to comprehend the factors influencing the development of DPN. To assess the predictive value of individual and combined testing for DPN, a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted. The data analysis was executed using R software (Version: 4.1.0). RESULTS The univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis identified the level of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) (OR=1.94, 95% CI: 1.27-3.14) and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) (OR=4.60, 95% CI: 1.15-22.62, P=0.04) as significant risk factors for the development of DPN. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis demonstrated that HbA1c, NLR, and their combined detection exhibited high sensitivity in predicting the development of DPN (71.60%, 90.00%, and 97.2%, respectively), with moderate specificity (63.8%, 45.00%, and 50.00%, respectively). The area under the curve (AUC) for these predictors was 0.703, 0.661, and 0.733, respectively. CONCLUSIONS HbA1c and NLR emerge as noteworthy risk indicators associated with the manifestation of DPN in patients with type 2 diabetes. The combined detection of HbA1c and NLR exhibits a heightened predictive value for the development of DPN.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Neuropatías Diabéticas , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Neuropatías Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Neuropatías Diabéticas/etiología , Hemoglobina Glucada , Neutrófilos , Calidad de Vida , Linfocitos , Curva ROC
19.
J Wound Care ; 33(Sup4): S25-S32, 2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573950

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of podiatrists in preventing diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs) in China. METHOD: The study was a prospective investigation. A total of 300 patients were enrolled from May 2016 to May 2018 in Handan Central Hospital, China. All patients who participated in this study had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). All participants underwent our survey, which included basic patient data and information about DFUs. The patients were followed for one year, during which time they received appropriate intervention from podiatrists, including lifestyle guidance, callus resection, tinea grinding and ingrown nail correction. At the end of the year all the patients were surveyed again. The data before and after the year were statistically compared. RESULTS: The results showed that the incidence of DFUs in patients with diabetes was significantly decreased after one year of intervention from podiatrists (20.7% versus 6.7%, p<0.001). Additionally, there was a negative correlation between the number of intervention visits and the number of DFU occurrences (Spearman correlation coefficient: -0.496, p<0.001). Furthermore, we found that 68 patients with a history of DFUs or amputation had an obviously reduced incidence of DFUs after intervention by a podiatrist (89.7% versus 27.9%, p<0.001). We also investigated other foot risk factors in all participants, such as limb neuropathy (76.3%), lower extremity vascular disease (65.7%) and foot paralysis (43.7%). CONCLUSION: The results of this study help in understanding the situation of patients with diabetes in China and to prove that standardised podiatrist intervention has an important role in inhibiting the occurrence and development of DFUs.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Pie Diabético , Úlcera del Pie , Humanos , Pie Diabético/epidemiología , Pie Diabético/prevención & control , Pie Diabético/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiología , Incidencia , Estudios Prospectivos , Hospitales
20.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0296998, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574018

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to assess the prevalence and incidence of diabetic retinopathy in patients with diabetes of Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS: We searched Web of Science (WoS)/Core Collection, WoS/MEDLINE, WoS/Scielo, Scopus, PubMed/Medline and Embase databases until January 16, 2023. We meta-analyzed prevalences according to type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). RESULTS: Forty-three prevalence studies (47 585 participants) and one incidence study (436 participants) were included. The overall prevalence of retinopathy in patients with T1DM was 40.6% (95% CI: 34.7 to 46.6; I2: 92.1%) and in T2DM was 37.3% (95% CI: 31.0 to 43.8; I2: 97.7), but the evidence is very uncertain (very low certainty of evidence). In meta-regression, we found that age (T1DM) and time in diabetes (T2DM) were factors associated with the prevalence. On the other hand, one study found a cumulative incidence of diabetic retinopathy of 39.6% at 9 years of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Two out of five patients with T1DM or T2DM may present diabetic retinopathy in Latin America and the Caribbean, but the evidence is very uncertain. This is a major public health problem, and policies and strategies for early detection and opportunely treatment should be proposed.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Retinopatía Diabética , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiología , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicaciones , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/epidemiología , Retinopatía Diabética/epidemiología , Retinopatía Diabética/complicaciones , Incidencia , Prevalencia , América Latina/epidemiología , Región del Caribe/epidemiología
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...