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3.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 105, 2021 01 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422049

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: When a new or re-emergent pathogen, such as SARS-CoV-2, causes a major outbreak, rapid access to pertinent research findings is crucial for planning strategies and decision making. We researched whether the speed of sharing research results in the COVID-19 epidemic was higher than the SARS and Ebola epidemics. We also researched whether there is any difference in the most frequent topics investigated before and after the COVID-19, SARS, and Ebola epidemics started. METHODS: We used PubMed database search tools to determine the time-period it took for the number of articles to rise after the epidemics started and the most frequent topics assigned to the articles. RESULTS: The main results were, first, the rise in the number of articles occurred 6 weeks after the COVID-19 epidemic started whereas, this rise occurred 4 months after the SARS and 7 months after the Ebola epidemics started. Second, etiology, statistics & numerical data, and epidemiology were the three most frequent topics investigated in the COVID-19 epidemic. However, etiology, microbiology, and genetics in the SARS epidemic, and statistics & numerical data, epidemiology, and prevention & control in the Ebola epidemic were more frequently studied compared with other topics. Third, some topics were studied more frequently after the epidemics started. CONCLUSIONS: The speed of sharing results in the COVID-19 epidemic was much higher than the SARS and Ebola epidemics, and that there is a difference in the most frequent articles' topics investigated in these three epidemics. Due to the value of time in controlling epidemics spread, the study highlights the necessity of defining more solutions for rapidly providing pertinent research findings in fighting against the next public health emergency.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Epidemias , Difusión de la Información , Investigación , Fiebre Hemorrágica Ebola/epidemiología , Humanos , Síndrome Respiratorio Agudo Grave/epidemiología
5.
Int J Health Serv ; 51(1): 31-36, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33100167

RESUMEN

Currently, the fast spread of COVID-19 is the cause of a sanitary emergency in Brazil. This situation is largely due to President Bolsonaro's denial and the uncoordinated actions between the federal and local governments. In addition, the Brazilian government has reported that it would change its method of sharing information about the pandemic. On June 6, 2020, the presentation of accumulated cases and deaths was stopped, and the Supreme Court of Brazil determined that the federal government should continue to consolidate and disseminate the accumulated figures of cases and deaths. However, doubt about the transparency of the data remained. We used data reported by the government from Situation Reports 38-209 of the World Health Organization to assess the Benford's law fulfillment as an indicator of data quality. This rapid evaluation of data quality during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil suggests that the Brazilian public health surveillance system had an acceptable performance at the beginning of the epidemic. Since the end of June, the quality of cumulative death data began to decrease and remains in that condition as of August 2020. A similar situation has existed since August, with the data of accumulated new cases.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Difusión de la Información , Política , Brasil/epidemiología , Exactitud de los Datos , Gobierno Federal , Política de Salud , Humanos , Pandemias , Vigilancia de la Población/métodos , Salud Pública
6.
J Prosthet Dent ; 125(1): 151-154, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32085870

RESUMEN

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: YouTube contains many videos on health-related topics. "Smile Design" is one that is frequently searched on YouTube. Whether YouTube can be considered useful for patients seeking information on smile design is unclear. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess and validate the features of the most popular YouTube videos on smile design. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In September 2019, the keyword "smile design" was searched on YouTube in North America using a virtual private network (VPN). The top 100 videos in a constantly updated list were recorded. The DISCERN instrument (Quality Criteria for Consumer Health Information) and the benchmarks established by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) were used to evaluate these 100 videos. A spreadsheet (Excel v2016; Microsoft Corp) was used to process statistical data, calculated as mean and frequency. RESULTS: Of the 100 videos identified, some were excluded as duplicates (11), irrelevant (4), and not presented in English (7). No video met all the JAMA criteria. Adherence to authorship and currency principles was observed in each video, and those adhering to attribution and disclosure principles were categorized as "good." The average DISCERN score for the 78 included videos was fair (39.6 points); all videos scored poor or fair-very poor, good, or excellent scores were not found. CONCLUSIONS: The quality of information on YouTube videos relating to smile design was only fair. Patients should use smile design information found on YouTube with caution. When professionals upload a video to YouTube, they should use evaluation tools as a quality guide.


Asunto(s)
Medios de Comunicación Sociales , American Medical Association , Benchmarking , Humanos , Difusión de la Información , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Estados Unidos , Grabación en Video
7.
Camb Q Healthc Ethics ; 30(1): 11-24, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498725

RESUMEN

During the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic, open science has become central to experimental, public health, and clinical responses across the globe. Open science (OS) is described as an open commons, in which a right to science renders all possible scientific data for everyone to access and use. In this common space, capitalist platforms now provide many essential services and are taking the lead in public health activities. These neoliberal businesses, however, have a problematic role in the capture of public goods. This paper argues that the open commons is a community of rights, consisting of people and institutions whose interests mutually support the public good. If OS is a cornerstone of public health, then reaffirming the public good is its overriding purpose, and unethical platforms ought to be excluded from the commons and its benefits.


Asunto(s)
Difusión de la Información , Política , Salud Pública , Derechos Humanos , Humanos , Internacionalidad , Pandemias
8.
Br J Gen Pract ; 71(702): e1-e9, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318086

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Remote consulting was introduced quickly into UK general practice in March 2020 as an emergency response to COVID-19. In July 2020, 'remote-first' became long-term government policy. AIM: To explore how this change was portrayed in national newspapers and how depictions changed over time. DESIGN AND SETTING: Thematic analysis of newspaper articles referring to remote GP consultations from two time periods: 2 March-31 May 2020 (period 1) and 30 July-12 August 2020 (period 2). METHOD: Articles were identified through, and extracted from, LexisNexis Academic UK. A coding system of themes and narrative devices was developed and applied to the data. The analysis was developed iteratively, amending the coding structure as new data were added. RESULTS: Remote consulting was widely covered in newspapers. Articles in period 1 depicted it positively, equating digital change with progress and linking novel technological solutions with improved efficiency and safety (for example, infection control) in a service that was overdue for modernisation. Articles in period 2 questioned the persistence of a remote-first service now that the pandemic was waning, emphasising, for example, missed diagnoses, challenges to the therapeutic relationship, and digital inequalities. CONCLUSION: As the first wave of the pandemic came and went, media depictions of remote consulting evolved from an 'efficiency and safety' narrative to a 'risks, inequalities, and lack of choice' narrative. To restore public trust in general practice, public communication should emphasise the wide menu of consulting options now available to patients and measures being taken to assure safety and avoid inequity.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Medicina General , Periódicos como Asunto , Consulta Remota , Humanos , Difusión de la Información , Pandemias , Reino Unido/epidemiología
11.
Immunology ; 162(1): 1-2, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33305861

RESUMEN

2020 was a year unlike any other for Immunology. Through the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, with fantastic support from the global immunology community, we worked together to reach new heights. Here, we look back at some of the highlights for Immunology in a challenging and memorable year.


Asunto(s)
Alergia e Inmunología/tendencias , Investigación Biomédica/tendencias , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/tendencias , Políticas Editoriales , Humanos , Difusión de la Información , Factor de Impacto de la Revista
12.
Int J Biometeorol ; 65(1): 31-44, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236243

RESUMEN

Atmospheric electric fields (AEFs) are produced by both natural processes and electrical infrastructure and are increasingly recognized to influence and interfere with various organisms and biological processes, including human well-being. Atmospheric electric fields, in particular electromagnetic fields (EMFs), currently attract a lot of scientific attention due to emerging technologies such as 5G and satellite internet. However, a broader retrospective analysis of available data for both natural and artificial AEFs and EMFs is hampered due to a lack of a semantic approach, preventing data sharing and advancing our understanding of its intrinsic links. Therefore, here we create an ontology (ENET_Ont) for existing (big) data on AEFs within the context of biological systems that is derived from different disciplines that are distributed over many databases. Establishing an environment for data sharing provided by the proposed ontology approach will increase the value of existing data and facilitate reusability for other communities, especially those focusing on public health, ecology, environmental health, biology, climatology as well as bioinformatics.


Asunto(s)
Electricidad , Campos Electromagnéticos , Humanos , Difusión de la Información , Estudios Retrospectivos , Semántica
13.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(4): 843-856, out.-dez. 2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145472

RESUMEN

Estudo qualitativo buscando analisar, a partir do referencial teórico da análise institucional, os vídeos veiculados sobre o diabetes mellitus e a Covid-19 pela mídia televisiva da Rede Globo. Foram identificados 18 vídeos entre 31 de dezembro de 2019 e 31 de maio de 2020. Houve o predomínio de vídeos no mês de março (50%), médicos e usuários como fonte de informações (55%), abordagem ao nível de prevenção primária para Covid-19 (72%) e secundária para o diabetes (89%) e omissão do Sistema Único de Saúde (100%). Os vídeos apontaram ausência de medicação para o diabetes nos serviços e a divulgação de informações equivocadas sobre Covid-19. Os profissionais de saúde entrevistados emitiram orientações voltadas para a lógica do risco aos sujeitos com diabetes mellitus. Faz-se necessária maior divulgação das ações do Sistema Único de Saúde em tempos de pandemia Covid-19 e implementação de orientações mais próximas aos modos de viver da população.


Qualitative study seeking to analyze, based on the theoretical framework of institutional analysis, the videos broadcast on diabetes mellitus and Covid-19 by Rede Globo's television media. Eighteen videos were identified between December 31, 2019 and May 31, 2020. There was a predominance of videos in March (50%), doctors and users as an information source (55%), approach to the level of primary prevention for Covid-19 (72%) and secondary for diabetes (89%) and omission from the Unified Health System (100%). The videos pointed out the absence of diabetes medication in the services and the dissemination of misinformation about Covid-19. The health professionals interviewed issued guidelines aimed at the logic of risk to subjects with diabetes mellitus. Greater dissemination of the actions of the Unified Health System is necessary in times of pandemic Covid-19 and implementation of guidelines closer to the population's ways of living.


Estudio cualitativo que busca analizar, con base en el marco teórico del Análisis Institucional, los videos transmitidos sobre diabetes mellitus y Covid-19 por los medios de televisión de Rede Globo. Dieciocho videos fueron identificados entre el 31 de diciembre de 2019 y el 31 de mayo de 2020. Hubo un predominio de videos en marzo (50%), médicos y usuarios como fuente de información (55%), enfoque al nivel de prevención primaria para Covid-19 (72%) y secundaria para diabetes (89%) y omisión del Sistema Único de Salud (100%). Los videos señalaron la ausencia de medicamentos para la diabetes en los servicios y la difusión de información errónea sobre Covid-19. Los profesionales de la salud entrevistados emitieron pautas dirigidas a la lógica del riesgo para los sujetos con diabetes mellitus. Es necesaria una mayor difusión de las acciones del Sistema Único de Salud en tiempos de pandemia Covid-19 y la implementación de pautas más cercanas a las formas de vida de la población.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Sistema Único de Salud , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Medios de Comunicación , Periodismo , Diabetes Mellitus , Recursos Audiovisuales , Conducta Social , Factores de Riesgo , Personal de Salud , Difusión de la Información , Investigación Cualitativa , Pandemias
14.
RECIIS (Online) ; 14(4): 983-995, out.-dez. 2020. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145576

RESUMEN

Este artigo traz o estudo realizado com o objetivo de identificar as publicações sobre como os cuidados paliativos são abordados nas mídias sociais. Trata-se de uma revisão integrativa de literatura, com pesquisa de artigos nas bases Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline), Literatura Latino Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (Lilacs) e Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO), em português, inglês e espanhol. Foram selecionados quinze artigos que atendiam aos critérios de seleção propostos, e são aqui apresentados por meio da construção de um quadro sinóptico, contendo título do estudo, periódico, ano de publicação e abordagem dos cuidados paliativos nas mídias sociais. Os resultados dos estudos demonstram que os cuidados paliativos necessitam ser melhor difundidos nas mídias sociais. Entretanto, tal evolução deve ocorrer com cautela, de modo a evitar riscos de comprometer a qualidade das informações e a respeitar questões éticas que envolvem pacientes e profissionais de saúde. Cabe destacar o papel do enfermeiro em ações de educação em saúde relacionadas com cuidados paliativos.


The study presented in this article aims to identify publications which reveal how palliative care is approached on social media. It is an integrative literature review, using search of articles in the bases Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline), Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (Lilacs) and Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO), in Portuguese, English and Spanish languages. Fifteen articles that met the proposed selection criteria were selected, and they are presented here through the construction of a synoptic table, containing the title of the study, the journal in which it was published, its publication date and the specific approaches to palliative care in social media. The results of the studies demonstrate that the palliative care needs to be better disseminated on social media. However, caution should be taken while such dissemination occuring, in order to prevent risks damaging the quality of information and to follow ethical issues involving patients and health professionals. The role of nurses in health education actions regarding the palliative care should be highlighted.


El estudio presentado en este artículo tiene el objetivo de identificar publicaciones sobre cómo se aborda el cuidado paliativo en las redes sociales. Es una revisión literaria integrativa, haciendo una búsqueda de artículos en las bases del Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (Medline), Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud (Lilacs) y Scientific Eletronic Library Online (SciELO), en portugués, inglés y español. Se seleccionaron quince artículos que cumplían los criterios de selección propuestos, y ellos son presentados aquí a través de la construcción de un cuadro sinóptico, que contiene el título del estudio, la revista en la cual ha sido publicado, el año de publicación y el abordaje de los cuidados paliativos en las redes sociales. Los resultados de los estudios demuestran que los cuidados paliativos deben ser mejor difundidos en las redes sociales. Sin embargo, dicha difusión debe ocurrir con precaución para evitar riesgos de perjudicar la calidad de la información y para cumplir las cuestiones éticas que involucran pacientes y profesionales de la salud. El papel de los enfermeros y de las enfermeras en las acciones de educación en salud relacionadas con cuidados paliativos debe ser destacado.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Cuidados Paliativos , Internet , Acceso a la Información , Red Social , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Personal de Salud , Comunicación , Difusión de la Información , Tecnología de la Información
15.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: 49923, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1097213

RESUMEN

Objetivo: refletir sobre as intervenções/ações de cuidado em saúde mental voltados aos profissionais da saúde que prestam assistência ao paciente suspeito ou diagnosticado com COVID-19. Conteúdo: A pandemia de COVID-19 traz o desafio para profissionais da saúde em lidar com sua própria saúde mental e a dos pacientes. É fundamental conhecer e refletir sobre iniciativas que países apresentam para lidar com a manutenção da saúde mental de profissionais da saúde em tempos de pandemia e que contribuem para repensar o planejamento, execução e avaliação de estratégias a serem utilizadas no Brasil. Considerações finais: foi possível elencar ações em saúde mental que têm se mostrado assertivas no cuidado aos trabalhadores de saúde, atuantes na ponta do cuidado, sobretudo as baseadas no esclarecimento da doença, uso adequado de equipamentos de proteção individual, além do mapeamento daqueles profissionais fragilizados emocionalmente e/ou com sofrimento mental anterior à pandemia, além do suporte emocional oferecido por meio de plataformas digitais.


Objective: to reflect on mental health care interventions/actions aimed at health professionals who provide assistance to patients suspected or diagnosed with COVID-19. Content: The COVID-19 pandemic challenges health professionals to lead with their own and patients' mental health. It is essential to know and to reflect about countries' initiatives to deal with health professional's mental health maintenance in times of pandemic, and to help to re-think strategies planning, execution and evaluation to be used in Brazil. Final considerations: it was possible to list actions in mental health that have shown to be assertive in the care of health workers who are in the front line of caring, especially those based on clarifying the disease, appropriate use of individual protective equipment, in addition to mapping those emotionally weakened professionals and or with mental suffering prior to the pandemic, in addition to the emotional support offered through digital platforms.


Objetivo: reflexionar sobre las intervenciones/acciones de atención de salud mental dirigidas a profesionales de la salud que prestan asistencia a pacientes sospechosos o diagnosticados con COVID-19. Contenido: La pandemia COVID-19 desafía a los profesionales de la salud a hacer frente con la salud mental propia y de los pacientes. Es esencial conocer y reflexionar sobre las iniciativas de los países para enfrentar al mantenimiento de la salud mental de los profesionales de la salud en tiempos de pandemia, y para ayudar a repensar la planificación, ejecución y evaluación de estrategias que se utilizarán en Brasil. Consideraciones finales: fue posible enumerar acciones en salud mental que han demostrado ser asertivas en la atención de los trabajadores de salud que trabajan en la primera línea de atención de la salud, especialmente aquellos basados en la aclaración de la enfermedad, el uso apropiado de equipos de protección individual, además de mapear aquellos profesionales debilitados emocionalmente y / o con sufrimiento mental antes de la pandemia, además del apoyo emocional ofrecido a través de plataformas digitales.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Salud Mental/normas , Personal de Salud/psicología , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Betacoronavirus , Brasil , Salud Laboral , Difusión de la Información , Equipo de Protección Personal
16.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 6144, 2020 12 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33262342

RESUMEN

The International Molecular Exchange (IMEx) Consortium provides scientists with a single body of experimentally verified protein interactions curated in rich contextual detail to an internationally agreed standard. In this update to the work of the IMEx Consortium, we discuss how this initiative has been working in practice, how it has ensured database sustainability, and how it is meeting emerging annotation challenges through the introduction of new interactor types and data formats. Additionally, we provide examples of how IMEx data are being used by biomedical researchers and integrated in other bioinformatic tools and resources.


Asunto(s)
Acceso a la Información , Bases de Datos Genéticas , Humanos , Difusión de la Información , Cooperación Internacional
18.
Biopreserv Biobank ; 18(6): 570-580, 2020 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320734

RESUMEN

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an ongoing global pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. During the past 10 months, COVID-19 has killed over 1 million people worldwide. Under this global crisis, data sharing and management of the COVID-19 information are urgently needed and critical for researchers, epidemiologists, physicians, bioengineers, funding agencies, and governments to work together in developing new vaccines, drugs, methods, therapeutics, and strategies for the prevention and treatment of this deadly and rapidly spreading disease. The COVID-19 pandemic information includes the database of COVID-19-patient biospecimen resources in hospitals or biorepositories, electronic patient health records, ongoing clinical trials and research results on this disease, policies, guidelines, and regulations related to COVID-19, and the COVID-19 outbreak tracking records, and so on. A study of the current management and data-sharing approaches, tools, software, network, and internet systems developed in the United States is conducted in this article. Based on this study, it is revealed that the existing data-sharing and management systems are facing many big challenges and problems associated with data decentralization, inconsistencies, security and legal issues, limited financial support, international communications, standardization, and globalization. To overcome and solve these problems, several integrated platform models for national and international data-sharing and management are developed and proposed in this article to meet the unprecedented need and demand for COVID-19 pandemic information sharing and research worldwide.


Asunto(s)
/epidemiología , Registros Electrónicos de Salud , Difusión de la Información , Pandemias , Programas Informáticos , /terapia , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
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