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6.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(1): 43-46, 2020.
Artículo en Japonés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902884

RESUMEN

After finishing my Ph.D., I had the opportunity to work as a postdoc in the Division of Redox Regulation (laboratory of Tobias Dick) at the German Cancer Research Center in Heidelberg for almost three years. Although cultural differences between Japan and Germany made my time in Germany hectic, the experience expanded my worldview as well as my research expertise. Here I would like to share my experience in conducting research abroad and give my opinion about its significance. I hope that this symposium review will be helpful to students interested in researching abroad and will give them a positive impression and encouragement.


Asunto(s)
Academias e Institutos , Biología/educación , Química/educación , Educación de Postgrado , Investigación , Diversidad Cultural , Alemania , Humanos , Japón
9.
Acad Med ; 95(2): 184-189, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577586

RESUMEN

Several lawsuits have recently been filed against U.S. universities; the plaintiffs contend that considerations of race and ethnicity in admissions decisions discriminate against Asian Americans. In prior cases brought by non-Latino whites, the U.S. Supreme Court has upheld these considerations, arguing that they are crucial to a compelling interest to increase diversity. The dissenting opinion, however, concerns the possibility that such policies disadvantage Asian Americans, who are considered overrepresented in higher education. Here, the authors explain how a decision favoring the plaintiffs would affect U.S. medical schools. First, eliminating race and ethnicity in holistic review would undermine efforts to diversify the physician workforce. Second, the restrictions on considering race/ethnicity in admissions decisions would not remedy potential discrimination against Asian Americans that arise from implicit biases. Third, such restrictions would exacerbate the difficulty of addressing the diversity of experiences within Asian American subgroups, including recognizing those who are underrepresented in medicine. The authors propose that medical schools engage Asian Americans in diversity and inclusion efforts and recommend the following strategies: incorporate health equity into the institutional mission and admissions policies, disaggregate data to identify underrepresented Asian subgroups, include Asian Americans in diversity committees and support faculty who make diversity work part of their academic portfolio, and enhance the Asian American faculty pipeline through support and mentorship of students. Asian Americans will soon comprise one-fifth of the U.S. physician workforce and should be welcomed as part of the solution to advancing diversity and inclusion in medicine, not cast as the problem.


Asunto(s)
Americanos Asiáticos/legislación & jurisprudencia , Educación Médica/legislación & jurisprudencia , Criterios de Admisión Escolar , Diversidad Cultural , Educación Médica/organización & administración , Equidad en Salud , Humanos , Médicos , Estados Unidos/etnología
10.
Acad Med ; 95(2): 310-319, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599755

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To examine the ways in which culture is conceptualized in faculty development (FD) in the health professions. METHOD: The authors searched PubMed, Web of Science, ERIC, and CINAHL, as well as the reference lists of identified publications, for articles on culture and FD published between 2006 and 2018. Based on inclusion criteria developed iteratively, they screened all articles. A total of 955 articles were identified, 100 were included in the full-text screen, and 70 met the inclusion criteria. Descriptive and thematic analyses of data extracted from the included articles were conducted. RESULTS: The articles emanated from 20 countries; primarily focused on teaching and learning, cultural competence, and career development; and frequently included multidisciplinary groups of health professionals. Only 1 article evaluated the cultural relevance of an FD program. The thematic analysis yielded 3 main themes: culture was frequently mentioned but not explicated; culture centered on issues of diversity, aiming to promote institutional change; and cultural consideration was not routinely described in international FD. CONCLUSIONS: Culture was frequently mentioned but rarely defined in the FD literature. In programs focused on cultural competence and career development, addressing culture was understood as a way of accounting for racial and socioeconomic disparities. In international FD programs, accommodations for cultural differences were infrequently described, despite authors acknowledging the importance of national norms, values, beliefs, and practices. In a time of increasing international collaboration, an awareness of, and sensitivity to, cultural contexts is needed.


Asunto(s)
Competencia Cultural/educación , Personal de Salud/educación , Desarrollo de Personal/organización & administración , Competencia Clínica , Diversidad Cultural , Educación Médica , Humanos
11.
J Vet Med Educ ; 47(1): 2-7, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30920944

RESUMEN

Cultural humility, with its concomitant understanding of the importance of the influences of diversity and inclusion, improves health outcomes in the human medical field. Recent changes to the American Veterinary Medical Association Council on Education requirements in veterinary medicine include teaching the impact of implicit bias on the delivery of veterinary medical services. Because overt enhancement of self-awareness is not fodder for traditional veterinary medical education delivery systems, in this article we review existing literature on the impact of recognition of implicit bias on health care and offer insights on ways to help veterinary students learn this skill, drawing on evidence from an inter-professional intervention called WisCARES (Wisconsin Companion Animal Resources, Education, and Social Services).


Asunto(s)
Sesgo , Competencia Cultural , Diversidad Cultural , Educación Médica , Educación en Veterinaria , Guías de Práctica Clínica como Asunto , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Concienciación , Competencia Cultural/educación , Curriculum , Educación en Veterinaria/normas , Humanos , Wisconsin
12.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 315-324, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335590

RESUMEN

This think piece provides a critical analysis of the terms lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) from an international perspective that draws on citizenship studies, providing some indications of the implications for LGBTQ studies. It outlines difficulties with the LGBTQ acronym in the Global North and South. Internationally, scholarship to support the human rights of non-heterosexuals and gender-diverse people is badly needed, but the think piece concludes that it is crucial to consider the social context of different cases, and to address the materialist, cultural, neo-colonial, and other forces that affect the formation of non-heterosexual and gender-diverse identities.


Asunto(s)
Identidad de Género , Minorías Sexuales y de Género , Variación Biológica Poblacional , Bisexualidad , Diversidad Cultural , Femenino , Homosexualidad , Humanos , Masculino , Personas Transgénero
13.
Psychiatr Hung ; 35(1): 7-19, 2020.
Artículo en Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854318

RESUMEN

The investigation of the role and the mechanisms of social categorization has been in the focus of psychological research for quite a long time. However, the developmental approach to categorization and the arrangement of empirical findings within this field into a unified framework have received little attention so far. Based on the currently available evidence the paper proposes a new theory of 'culturally shared knowledge'. With the help of this approach we would like to draw attention to the fundamental role of social categorization in adaptive learning. In addition to providing a theoretical explanation of the experimental results, the last chapter describes practical techniques that might prove useful in the development of an empathic multicultural environment in the future.


Asunto(s)
Diversidad Cultural , Empatía , Aprendizaje , Aculturación , Humanos
15.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 41(1): 67-68, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860497

RESUMEN

In order to graduate diverse groups of students who more accurately mirror the US population, schools of nursing must take steps to promote the success of ethnic minorities, men, and those with limited English proficiency. Accordingly, a large urban school of nursing piloted a series of carefully orchestrated "red carpet" events to welcome first-year students in the most inclusive and affirming manner possible. These social gatherings provided valuable opportunities for students to increase their social capital by networking with peers, recent alumni, and established professionals, all of whom shared valuable strategies for success.


Asunto(s)
Diversidad Cultural , Estudiantes de Enfermería , Humanos , Masculino , Universidades
18.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 736-753, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047532

RESUMEN

Este artigo, de caráter interdisciplinar, tem como objetivo articular questões da diversidade sociocultural com o direito à comunicação e à saúde e a estratégias de reconhecimentos identitários. Para isso, propomos uma análise de conteúdo, de abordagem qualitativa, da comunicação produzida pela Equipe de Base Warmis ­ Convergências das Culturas sobre o caso que ficou conhecido como Projeto pró-cesárea no SUS ou PL 435/2019, comparando-a ainda com matérias veiculadas sobre o tema na mídia tradicional comercial e em notas e comunicados oficiais de instituições formais de classe profissional envolvidas com a questão. Como recurso teórico-metodológico, utilizamos os conceitos de interculturalismo e comunicação intercultural. Entre os principais resultados, destacamos que processos comunicacionais, quando entendidos não somente a partir de seu alcance instrumental, mas, em seu sentido de vinculação sociocultural, interação simbólica e produção subjetiva, podem ter caráter mobilizador coletivo e de reconhecimento identitário visando, muitas vezes, a transformação da realidade social, ainda que essa signifique uma coexistência sociocultural capaz de ser negociada.


This interdisciplinary article aims to articulate issues of sociocultural diversity with the right to communication and health and identity recognition strategies. For this, we propose a qualitative content analysis about the communication produced by the Warmis Base Team ­ Convergences of Cultures on the case known as the Pro-cesarean project in SUS or PL 435/2019, comparing it with articles published about the theme in the traditional commercial media and in formal professional class institutions official notes involved with the case. As a theoretical-methodological resource, we use the interculturalism concept and intercultural communication. Among the main results, we highlight that communicational processes, when understood not only from their instrumental reach, but, in their sense of sociocultural attachment, symbolic interaction and subjective production, can have collective mobilizing character and identity recognition, often aiming at the transformation of social reality, even if it means a sociocultural coexistence able of being negotiated.


Este artículo, interdisciplinario, tiene como objetivo articular temas de diversidad sociocultural con el derecho a la comunicación y a la salud y estrategias de reconocimiento de identidad. Para esto, proponemos un análisis de contenido cualitativo de la comunicación producida por el Equipo Base de Warmis ­ Convergencias de las Culturas en el caso conocido como el Proyecto pro cesárea en SUS o PL 435/2019, comparándolos con artículos publicados sobre el tema en los medios comerciales tradicionales y con notas oficiales de instituciones formales de clase profesional involucradas en el tema. Como recurso teórico-metodológico, utilizamos los conceptos de interculturalidad y comunicación intercultural. Entre los principales resultados, destacamos que los procesos comunicacionales, cuando se entienden no solo desde su alcance instrumental, sino que, en su sentido de apego sociocultural, interacción simbólica y producción subjetiva, pueden tener un carácter movilizador colectivo y reconocimiento de identidad, con el objetivo de la transformación de la realidad social, aunque esa signifique una convivencia sociocultural capaz de ser negociada.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Participación de la Comunidad , Diversidad Cultural , Discurso , Estudios Interdisciplinarios , Comunicación en Salud , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Política Pública , Violencia , Sistema Único de Salud , Cesárea/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud de la Mujer , Parto Humanizado , Parto , Violaciones de los Derechos Humanos , Emigración e Inmigración , Competencia Cultural
20.
Int J Health Policy Manag ; 8(12): 734-736, 2019 12 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779303

RESUMEN

As Fotaki (2019) argues, the current political climate in Europe is threatening principles of humanitarianism, particularly among refugees and asylum seekers. This commentary builds on that argument, with a spotlight on mental health and culturally relevant service design. By addressing some of the barriers faced by refugees and asylum seekers in accessing mental healthcare, we can address inequalities and develop compassionate societies.


Asunto(s)
Refugiados , Altruismo , Diversidad Cultural , Empatía , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Salud Mental
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