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2.
J Dent Educ ; 84(1): 62-71, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977103

RESUMEN

Continuing professional development (CPD) is needed in endodontics, and distance learning environments and courses may be preferable for CPD. Instructional designs (IDs) have been reported to strongly influence the educational effectiveness of these courses. Four Component Instructional Design (4C-ID) is an ID found to be effective for distance learning. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a distance learning CPD course on regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs) designed with a 4C-ID model. The study was conducted between April 2017 and March 2018 with volunteers from the 2015-16 graduates of Selçuk University's Faculty of Dentistry in Turkey. Pre- and posttests and skill assessment guide were used for assessment. To determine the participants' satisfaction levels, the Satisfaction Scale for e-Learning Process and an open-ended question were used. Of the 86 graduates invited to participate, 79.1% (n=68) responded they would; but the investigators limited the participants to 30, and the first 30 volunteers who had identified a need for REPs CPD were accepted to the course. Four (0.13%) had to drop out during the course, so data from the 26 who completed it were evaluated. The findings showed the difference between pre- and posttest results was significant (p<0.001). The mean score for psychomotor skills at the end of the course was 99.62±1.96 out of 100. On the satisfaction scale, the mean score for all participants was 138.5 on a scale from 29=lower satisfaction to 145=greater satisfaction with the e-learning process. At the end of the REPs course, the participants' knowledge levels had increased, and they were able to apply REP steps on a model. These results suggest the 4C-ID was effective in this distance education course in REPs.


Asunto(s)
Educación a Distancia , Endodoncia , Educación Continua , Docentes , Humanos , Aprendizaje
3.
Trab. educ. saúde ; 18(1): e0023060, 2020.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043490

RESUMEN

Resumo A pesquisa que deu origem a este artigo situa-se no contexto da categoria teorética 'repúblicas inacabadas.' Teve como objetivo analisar a percepção de professores(as) de uma unidade escolar de educação infantil de um município catarinense, sobre a produção de dignidade pelo trabalho e foi realizada no segundo semestre de 2018. A coleta de dados se deu por meio de três instrumentos: entrevistas individuais, grupos focais e diários de campo. Os dados indicaram a solidão na interface entre docência na educação infantil, neoliberalismo e dignidade pelo eco das vozes dos professores que anunciam a destituição de sua produção de dignidade pelo trabalho, o que afeta direta e negativamente sua condição de saúde. Apontam-se condições para o estabelecimento dessa condição desumanizante e propõem-se o reconhecimento e o estímulo ao trabalho coletivo como ferramentas de transformação.


Abstract The research that originated the present article is related to the context of the theoretical category of 'unfinished republics.' It had the goal of analyzing the perception of the teachers of a pre-school education unit of a municipality in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, regarding the production of dignity through work, and was performed in the second semester of 2018. The data was collected using three instruments: individual interviews, focus groups and field journals. The data indicate the loneliness in the interface among teaching in pre-school education, neoliberalism and dignity through the echo of the voices of the teachers who announced the dismissal of their production of dignity through work, which affects directly and negatively their health condition. We indicate the conditions for the establishment of this dehumanizing situation and propose the recognition and stimulus to collective work as tools for transformation.


Resumen La pesquisa que dio origen a este artículo se relaciona al contexto de la categoría teórica "repúblicas inacabadas". Tuvo como objetivo analizar la percepción de profesores(as) de una unidad escolar de educación infantil de un municipio del estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, sobre la producción de dignidad por el trabajo, y fue realizada en el segundo semestre de 2018. La recolección de datos se dio por medio de tres instrumentos: entrevistas individuales, grupos focales y diarios de campo. Los datos indicaron la soledad en la interconexión de docencia en la educación infantil, neoliberalismo y dignidad por el eco de las voces los profesores que anuncian la destitución de su producción de dignidad por el trabajo, lo que afecta directa y negativamente su condición de salud. Se indican condiciones para el establecimiento de esa situación deshumanizante y se proponen el reconocimiento y el estímulo al trabajo colectivo como herramientas de transformación.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Crianza del Niño , Docentes
4.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 25(1): e25025, jan.- dez. 2019.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047998

RESUMEN

Este artigo apresenta uma classificação dos perfis pedagógicos dos professores de Educação Física de escolas multiculturais a partir de suas próprias percepções, de sua intervenção pedagógica e de sua trajetória profissional. Foi realizado um estudo de casos múltiplos com 12 professores que trabalham em escolas públicas de Barcelona, com mais de 50% de estudantes imigrantes. As técnicas de investigação utilizadas foram entrevistas semiestruturadas e observações não participantes, juntamente com a Análise de Conteúdo correspondente. Os dados recolhidos a partir da ótica intercultural permitiram estabelecer três perfis docentes: o "sensível inclusivo", o "assimilador romântico" e o "queimado-preconceituoso". Essa classificação permite reconhecer a diversidade de posturas existentes nesse coletivo profissional e analisar as necessidades formativas e de suporte mais oportunas em cada caso


Este trabajo presenta una tipificación de los perfiles pedagógicos del profesorado de Educación Física en escuelas multiculturales a partir de sus percepciones, su intervención pedagógica y su trayectoria profesional. Para ello, se ha realizado un estudio de casos múltiple, con doce docentes de escuelas públicas de Barcelona con más del 50% de alumnado inmigrante. Las técnicas de investigación han sido la entrevista semiestructurada y la observación no participante, junto con el correspondiente análisis de contenido. Los datos recogidos, analizados desde la óptica intercultural, han permitido establecer tres perfiles docentes: el "sensible-inclusor", el "romántico-asimilador" y el "quemado-prejuicioso". Esta tipificación permite reconocer la diversidad de posturas existentes entre el colectivo profesional y analizar las necesidades formativas y de apoyo más oportunas en cada caso


This paper presents a categorization of pedagogical profiles of Physical Education teachers in multicultural schools, based on their perceptions, pedagogical interventions and professional histories. A multiple case study was conducted with twelve teachers from public schools in Barcelona where over 50% of students were immigrants. The study used semi-structured interviews and non-participant observation, and then conducted the corresponding content analysis. The data collected were analysed from the cross-cultural point of view, and three teacher profiles were established: "sensitiveinclusive"; "romantic-assimilator"; and "stressed out-prejudiced". This classification allowed us to recognize the diversity of attitudes among these professionals and to analyze the most appropriate training and support needs for each case


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Educación y Entrenamiento Físico , Educación Primaria y Secundaria , Competencia Cultural , Emigrantes e Inmigrantes , Propensión (Educación) , Docentes , Sociedad Receptora de Migrantes
5.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 25(1): e25029, jan.- dez. 2019.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048138

RESUMEN

O artigo objetiva compartilhar estudos referentes à formação inicial de professores e professoras de Educação Física para atuação na Educação de Jovens e Adultos (EJA), através de ações acadêmicas desenvolvidas em duas universidades públicas federais. A discussão apresentada se origina das pesquisas dessas realidades que, a partir de distintas bases empíricas, considerando a educação de jovens e adultos como direito e devir e apoiadas em visão crítica da Educação Física, analisam esse fenômeno em dois recortes espaciais, no Sul e no Sudeste do Brasil. Nas considerações, aponta a importância e a responsabilidade das universidades para a concretização dessa prática pedagógica em uma modalidade que é expressão das desigualdades sociais e, complementarmente a isso, o necessário compromisso com uma formação de professores de Educação Física atenta às especificidades da EJA


The article aims to share studies about initial training of Physical Education teachers to work with youth and adult education, through academic actions developed in two Federal Universities. The discussion originates from studies on these realities that, based on distinct empirical foundations and considering the education of youth and adults as a right and becoming, based on a critical view of Physical Education, analyze this phenomenon in two spaces ­ Brazil's South and Southeast regions. The considerations point out Universities' importance and responsibility for making this pedagogical practice come through in a way that expresses social inequalities. The necessary commitment to training of Physical Education teachers that takes into account the specificities of youth and adult education complements that


El artículo tiene por objetivo compartir estudios referentes a la formación inicial de profesores y profesoras de Educación Física para ejercer en la Educación de Jóvenes y Adultos, a través de acciones académicas desarrolladas en dos Universidades Públicas Federales. La discusión presentada se origina en investigaciones sobre esas realidades que, desde distintas bases empíricas y considerando la educación de jóvenes y adultos como derecho y devenir y, apoyadas en una visión crítica de la Educación Física, analizan ese fenómeno en dos recortes espaciales: en el sur y en el sudeste de Brasil. En las consideraciones, se apunta la importancia y la responsabilidad de las Universidades para la concreción de esa práctica pedagógica en una modalidad que es expresión de las desigualdades sociales y, complementario a ello, el necesario compromiso con una formación de profesores de Educación Física atenta a las especificidades de la Educación de Jóvenes y Adultos


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Educación y Entrenamiento Físico , Educación Continua , Universidades , Docentes , Formación del Profesorado
6.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 25(1): e25031, jan.- dez. 2019. Quadros, Figura
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048148

RESUMEN

Este estudo analisou as trajetórias de estruturação e mudanças no habitus avaliativo de professores de Educação Física durante a carreira docente. Para tanto, foram entrevistados doze docentes da rede estadual de ensino básico do Paraná. Os dados foram analisados com o auxílio do programa NVivo 10, que possibilitou a identificação de categorias de análise. Os resultados revelaram que no decorrer da carreira dos docentes houve uma trajetória para práticas orientadas no processo (evolução) e no engajamento (centrada no coletivo), apesar das experiências vividas ao longo da vida escolar e da formação profissional terem determinado inicialmente o habitus avaliativo, que compreendia práticas orientadas para o produto (resultado) e a seleção (centrada no indivíduo). Tais mudanças resultaram das relações dos professores com as tensões do campo educacional, como a orientação dos documentos educacionais para a adoção da avaliação formativa, a função social assumida pela escola e as mudanças no perfil dos estudantes


This study analyzed the histories and changes in the evaluative habitus of Physical Education teachers during their careers. Twelve teachers from the state primary education system in Paraná were interviewed. NVivo 10 software was used on data to identify categories of analysis. The results showed that teachers' careers included practices focused on process (evolution) and engagement (group-centered), even though their experiences during school life and professional training initially determined teachers' evaluation habitus, which included practices focused on product (result) and selection (individual-centered). These changes resulted from teachers' relations with educational tensions such as educational documents' focus on formative evaluation, the social function taken on by the school, and changes in student profile


Este estudio analizó las trayectorias de estructuración y cambios en el habitus evaluativo de profesores de educación física durante la carrera docente. Para ello, fueron entrevistados doce docentes de la red estadual de enseñanza básica de Paraná. Los datos fueron analizados con la ayuda del programa NVivo 10, que posibilitó la identificación de categorías de análisis. Los resultados revelaron que en el transcurso de la carrera de los docentes hubo una trayectoria hacia prácticas orientadas en el proceso (evolución) y en el compromiso (centrada en el colectivo), a pesar de que las experiencias vividas a lo largo de la vida escolar y de la formación profesional determinaron, inicialmente, el habitus evaluativo de los docentes, que comprendía prácticas orientadas al producto (resultado) y la selección (centrada en el individuo). Estos cambios resultaron de las relaciones de los profesores con las tensiones del campo educativo, como la orientación de los documentos educativos para la adopción de la evaluación formativa, la función social asumida por la escuela y los cambios en el perfil de los estudiantes


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Educación y Entrenamiento Físico , Estudios de Evaluación , Docentes , Enseñanza
7.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 25(1): e25037, jan.- dez. 2019.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048262

RESUMEN

O presente artigo é parte de uma pesquisa que objetivou compreender de que modo os docentes de Educação Física participam, percebem e experienciam as Políticas Públicas em Educação na escola e no trabalho docente. Trata-se de uma etnografia educativa em duas escolas públicas da cidade de Porto Alegre. O estudo evidencia que o trabalho docente no cotidiano pedagógico das escolas pode ser pensado enquanto manifestação concreta de uma Política Pública de Educação que é interpretada e recriada pelo professorado de Educação Física


This article is part of a study aimed at understanding how Physical Education teachers participate, perceive and experience Public Policies in Education at school and in their work. It is an educational ethnographic study conducted in two public schools in the city of Porto Alegre. The study shows that teachers' work in daily pedagogical life at schools can be thought of as a concrete expression of a Public Education Policy that is interpreted and recreated by Physical Education teachers


El presente artículo es parte de una investigación que busca comprender de qué modo los docentes de Educación Física participan, perciben y experimentan las Políticas Públicas en Educación en la escuela y en el trabajo docente. Se trata de una etnografía educativa en dos escuelas públicas de la ciudad de Porto Alegre. El estudio pone en evidencia que el trabajo docente en el cotidiano pedagógico de las escuelas puede ser pensado como manifestación concreta de una Política Pública de Educación que es interpretada y recreada por el profesorado de Educación Física


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Educación y Entrenamiento Físico , Política Pública , Educación Primaria y Secundaria , Docentes
8.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 25(1): e25064, jan.- dez. 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047340

RESUMEN

Socially-critical scholarship and critical pedagogy have become increasingly central to Physical Education Teacher Education (PETE) over the last three decades. The purpose of this paper is to provide a snapshot of the history of the critical project in PETE and an analysis of critical pedagogies in contemporary Western society. In this paper, the accounts of critical pedagogies are classified based on their focus on (a) critical reflection, (b) pedagogies of discomfort and (c) democratic principles, although the authors recognise that in PETE practice these categories overlap and interconnect and do not represent exclusively independent pedagogies. The paper concludes that relationships between PETE teacher educators and PETE students built on trust and care and secondly, connections between PETE teacher educators and the broader physical education teaching community are important as they provide the conditions needed to embed critical pedagogies into PETE courses and PETE programmes


Estudo sociocrítico e pedagogia crítica, nas últimas três décadas, são centrais na formação de professores de Educação Física. O objetivo deste artigo é providenciar um retrato da história do projeto crítico na formação de professores de Educação Física e oferecer uma análise das pedagogias críticas na sociedade ocidental contemporânea. Nesse texto, as representações de pedagogia crítica são classificadas nos focos sobre (a) reflexão crítica, (b) pedagogias do "desconforto", (c) princípios democráticos, embora os autores reconheçam que na formação de professores tais categorias sobrepõem-se e não são independentes entre si. O artigo conclui que as relações entre professores e alunos na formação inicial em Educação Física são construídas com base na confiança, no cuidado e, secundariamente, que conexões entre professores que atuam na formação superior e a comunidade mais ampla que ensina Educação Física são importantes para providenciar as condições necessárias para as pedagogias críticas nos cursos e programas que formam professores


Estudio sociocrítico y pedagogía crítica, en las últimas tres décadas, son centrales en la formación de profesores de Educación Física. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar un retrato de la historia del proyecto crítico en la formación de profesores de Educación Física y ofrecer un análisis de las pedagogías críticas en la sociedad occidental contemporánea. La extensión de esa representación sugiere que los estudios sociocríticos y la pedagogía crítica continúan prosperando en los programas de formación de profesores en varios países. El artículo concluye que las relaciones entre profesores y alumnos de la formación inicial en Educación Física son construidas con base en el cuidado, en la confianza y, secundariamente, que conexiones entre profesores que actúan en la formación superior y la comunidad más amplia que enseña Educación Física son importantes para proporcionar las condiciones necesarias para las pedagogías críticas en los cursos y programas que forman profesores


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Educación y Entrenamiento Físico , Capacitación Profesional , Docentes , Enseñanza
9.
Acta colomb. psicol ; 22(2): 267-291, July-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019285

RESUMEN

Abstract The aim of this research was to analyze the shaping of the meaning of the academic profession in 160 scholars, from public and private universities in four Colombian cities. The instrument QPW-5 (Questionnaire on Quality of Work life in Human Service Organizations) was applied. It was composed of 173 items distributed in five scales: Working Conditions, Perceived Workload, General Working Well-being, Maslach Burnout Inventory and Engagement, and five key words that define the work experience. This study was carried out following a quantitative approach, a non - experimental design with a cross-sectional descriptive correlation. A correlational analysis and Principal Component Analysis were performed to establish the pattern of the dimensions evaluated. The teachers surveyed showed general tendencies to shape their meaning of the academic profession in an ambivalent manner in a positive and negative pole, where the presence of fragmented working conditions that denote exhaustion, cynicism and collateral effects, as well as a new configuration of academic professionalism are highlighted. It is pointed out that the temporality of the contractual relationship is naturalized as a condition of precarious working conditions, placing a focus on the psychosocial risks of university teachers.


Resumo Enquadrada no contexto das transformações do trabalho acadêmico, em especial com a explosão do capitalismo acadêmico, e situada nas organizações universitárias, a presente pesquisa teve como objetivo analisar a configuração da percepção da profissão acadêmica em 160 professores universitários pertencentes a universidades públicas e privadas de cinco cidades colombianas. Este estudo foi quantitativo, não experimental, transversal e descritivo. Aplicou-se o instrumento QPW-5 -questionário sobre a qualidade da vida laboral em organizações de serviços humanos, composto por 173 itens que medem as escalas de condições de trabalho e bem-estar laboral geral-, o inventário de Burnout de Maslach e um questionário de Engagement, além de uma parte qualitativa com cinco palavras-chave que definem a experiência de trabalhar. Realizou-se uma análise correlacionai e uma análise de componentes principais para estabelecer o padrão das dimensões avaliadas. Como resultado, descobriu-se que os docentes participantes evidenciaram tendências gerais para configurar uma percepção da profissão acadêmica de forma ambivalente, em um polo positivo e negativo, no qual se destaca a presença de condições de trabalho fragmentadas que denotam esgotamento, cinismo e efeitos colaterais, bem como uma nova configuração do profissionalismo acadêmico. Além disso, indica-se que a temporalidade do vínculo contratual é naturalizada como condições de trabalho precárias que chamam a atenção para os riscos psicossociais dos docentes universitários.


Resumen Enmarcada en el contexto de las transformaciones del trabajo académico, en especial con la irrupción del capitalismo académico, y situada en las organizaciones universitarias, la presente investigación tuvo como objetivo analizar la configuración del sentido de la profesión académica en 160 profesores universitarios pertenecientes a universidades públicas y privadas de cinco ciudades colombianas. Este estudio fue cuantitativo, no experimental, transversal y descriptivo. Se aplicó el instrumento QPW-5 -cuestionario sobre la calidad de vida laboral en organizaciones de servicios humanos, compuesto por 173 ítems que miden las escalas de condiciones de trabajo y bienestar laboral general-, el inventario de Burnout de Maslach, y un cuestionario de engagement, además de una parte cualitativa con cinco palabras clave que definen la experiencia de trabajar. Se realizó un análisis correlacional y un análisis de componentes principales para establecer el patrón de las dimensiones evaluadas. Como resultados, se encontró que los docentes encuestados evidenciaron tendencias generales a configurar un sentido de la profesión académica de forma ambivalente, en un polo positivo y negativo, donde se destaca la presencia de condiciones de trabajo fragmentadas que denotan agotamiento, cinismo y efectos colaterales, así como una nueva configuración del profesionalismo académico. Además de esto, se señala que la temporalidad del vínculo contractual se naturaliza como condiciones de trabajo precarias que colocan como foco de atención a los riesgos psicosociales de los docentes universitarios.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Condiciones de Trabajo , Docentes , Estrés Laboral
10.
Soud Lek ; 64(3): 32-34, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726835

RESUMEN

The Institute of Forensic Medicine was established at the same time as the newly established Comenius University in 1919 and was one of the first five institutes of the Faculty of Medicine. The forensic medicine became not only a subject of medical education but also fulfilled a health care function, i. e. the performance of forensic and the then so-called medical-police autopsies, as well as forensic expertise for judicial authorities. Combining the teaching of the subject of forensic medicine with the practical performance of medical and expert activities formed the basis for beginning of the modern history and further development of forensic medicine in the Slovak republic. The staff of the Institute laid the foundations of pedagogy and forensic practice, which were further spread to the whole territory of the Slovak Republic. They co-participated in the establishment of other university institutes of forensic medicine in Košice and Martin, and also in the building of the network of departments of forensic medicine in hospitals within the framework of health care, in the development of the conception of the field and in the creation of study literature. The staff of the Institute devoted to research dedicated to the issue of atherosclerosis, sudden deaths, mechanical asphyxia, suicide rate, traffic accidents, the influence of ethanol, drugs and other xenobiotics and forensic traumatology. They established a tradition of scientific conferences of forensic medicine and were instrumental in acquiring credit of the Slovak forensic medicine at international level.


Asunto(s)
Medicina Legal , Universidades , Docentes , Humanos , Eslovaquia
14.
Codas ; 31(4): e20180093, 2019 Sep 02.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483039

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Measure the sound pressure levels in classrooms of a university as well to verify the self-perception of noise in the educational environment and its influence on the activities carried out by students and professors. METHODS: The study was carried out with students and professors who answered a questionnaire regarding self-perception of noise in the classroom, as well as the presence of auditory and non-auditory complaints. Measurement of sound pressure levels was performed in ten classrooms of Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais. The points for measuring the sound pressure level inside the classrooms were selected according to the literature and legislation: three distinct points, totaling nine measurements in each room. RESULTS: Participated in this study students and professors from the Institute of Biological and Health Sciences. The classrooms of the morning shift had the highest noise measurement. Classrooms at lunch time had the lowest average noise. The first floor has the highest average noise, being classified as the noisiest floor. Noise is perceived by both students and professors as an interfering factor in the activities performed inside the classrooms, however, professors have a greater perception of noise interference in their activities than students. CONCLUSION: Noise is present in all classrooms with values higher than those recommended by national legislation. This noise is perceived by students and professors and negatively interferes in the teaching-learning activities.


Asunto(s)
Docentes/estadística & datos numéricos , Ruido/efectos adversos , Acústica del Lenguaje , Estudiantes/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Ruido en el Ambiente de Trabajo/efectos adversos , Exposición Profesional/efectos adversos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Universidades
17.
Am J Health Syst Pharm ; 76(11): 836-845, 2019 05 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415690

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To evaluate final-year pharmacy students' perceptions toward pharmacogenomics education, their attitudes on its clinical relevance, and their readiness to use such knowledge in practice. METHODS: A 19-question survey was developed and modified from prior studies and was pretested on a small group of pharmacogenomics faculty and pharmacy students. The final survey was administered to 978 final-year pharmacy students in 8 school/colleges of pharmacy in New York and New Jersey between January and May 2017. The survey targeted 3 main themes: perceptions toward pharmacogenomics education, attitudes toward the clinical relevance of this education, and the students' readiness to use knowledge of pharmacogenomics in practice. RESULTS: With a 35% response rate, the majority (81%) of the 339 student participants believed that pharmacogenomics was a useful clinical tool for pharmacists, yet only 40% felt that it had been a relevant part of their training. Almost half (46%) received only 1-3 lectures on pharmacogenomics and the majority were not ready to use it in practice. Survey results pointed toward practice-based trainings such as pharmacogenomics rotations as the most helpful in preparing students for practice. CONCLUSIONS: Final-year student pharmacists reported varying exposure to pharmacogenomics content in their pharmacy training and had positive attitudes toward the clinical relevance of the discipline, yet they expressed low confidence in their readiness to use this information in practice.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Educación en Farmacia/métodos , Farmacéuticos/psicología , Farmacogenética/educación , Estudiantes de Farmacia/psicología , Adulto , Curriculum , Docentes/psicología , Docentes/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Farmacéuticos/estadística & datos numéricos , Estudiantes de Farmacia/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/estadística & datos numéricos , Estados Unidos , Adulto Joven
18.
Sex Reprod Healthc ; 21: 51-59, 2019 Oct.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395234

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: We present findings of a process evaluation of a Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) program for young adolescents in 15 schools in South-Western Uganda. METHODS: Using the Medical Research Council (UK) framework for process evaluation and the European Expert Group guidance on evaluation of sexuality education programs, we conducted a mixed methods study comprised of a review of relevant implementation documents, qualitative interviews(16), and focus group discussions(4) distributed among 50 participants including pupils, teachers, student educators and parents. RESULTS: Delivery of the anticipated 11 CSE lessons occurred in all target schools with moderate to high pupil attendance, however the duration of sessions was often shorter than planned. Facilitating factors for implementation included establishment of a community advisory board, use of multiple interactive delivery methods and high acceptance of the program by key stakeholders. Socio-cultural norms, geographical access, time constraints and school related factors were barriers. CONCLUSIONS: It was feasible to implement a contextually adapted CSE program for young adolescents in schools successfully with overall high acceptance by key stakeholders. Proper coordination of school activities with the program, ensuring linkages of the school based CSE program with community support systems for adolescent SRH and addressing socio-cultural impedances could be beneficial.


Asunto(s)
Desarrollo de Programa/normas , Evaluación de Programas y Proyectos de Salud , Educación Sexual/normas , Adolescente , Comunicación , Docentes , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Entrevistas como Asunto , Lenguaje , Masculino , Padres , Política , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Instituciones Académicas , Educación Sexual/métodos , Estudiantes , Uganda
19.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 932019 Aug 09.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395851

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The voice in the academic context is a determining factor in the life of the teaching staff. The objective of this study was to evaluate the index vocal inability of in-service teachers and check your involvement the occupational conditions. METHODS: For it, a descriptive-inferential study is done of cross-section to 480 teachers (average age: 45.14 ± 9.22), applying the questionnaire of vocal disability index (HIV-30). Using descriptive statistical techniques (mean and standard deviation) and inferential techniques (ANOVA). Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS v.23.0. RESULTS: When applying the Voice Handicap Index (VHI-30) evidenced that teachers present a moderate vocal disability (41.2 rating), with increased risk in physical ability and own vocal function. Moreover, it was found that gender, educational stage, teaching load, antique, daily and weekly hours, student ratio and level of noise in the classroom, significantly affect the disturbance of the voice. It also shows more presence of dysphonia in teachers who perceive a progressive worsening of her voice throughout the day or week, and is absent in the work due to disorders of the voice. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, teachers attributed their laryngeal discomfort mainly to factors of the teaching context.


Asunto(s)
Disfonía/diagnóstico , Disfonía/etiología , Enseñanza , Trastornos de la Voz/diagnóstico , Trastornos de la Voz/etiología , Calidad de la Voz , Adulto , Docentes , Femenino , Humanos , Laringe/fisiopatología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Enfermedades Profesionales/diagnóstico , Enfermedades Profesionales/etiología , España , Estudiantes , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
20.
J Dent Educ ; 83(12): 1402-1410, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31451554

RESUMEN

Clinical teaching is a cornerstone of health sciences education; it is also the most challenging aspect. The University of Pittsburgh Schools of Dental Medicine, Nursing, and Pharmacy developed a new evidence-based interprofessional course framed as a faculty learning community (FLC) around the principles of learning in a clinical environment. The aim of this study was to assess the overall effectiveness of this two-semester FLC at four health professions schools in academic year 2014-15. The assessment included anonymous participant surveys in each session and an anonymous end-of-course survey. Thirty-five faculty members from dental, health and rehabilitation sciences, nursing, and pharmacy enrolled in the FLC, with six to 32 enrollees attending each session. All attendees at each session completed the session evaluation surveys, but the attendance rate at each session ranged from 17.1% to 91.4%. Sixteen participants (46%) completed the end-of-course survey. The results showed overall positive responses to the FLC and changes in the participants' self-reported knowledge. Session surveys showed that the participants found the FLC topics helpful and appreciated the opportunity to learn from each other and the interprofessional nature of the FLC. Responses to the end-of-course survey were in alignment with the individual session surveys and cited specific benefits as being the content, teaching materials, and structured discussions. In additional feedback, participants reported interest to continue as a cohort and to extend the peer-support system beyond the FLC. This outcomes assessment of the first round of the FLC confirmed that this cohort-based faculty development in an interprofessional setting was well received by its participants. Their feedback provided valuable insights for changes to future offerings.


Asunto(s)
Docentes , Empleos en Salud , Estudios de Cohortes , Humanos , Enseñanza
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