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1.
Ann Intern Med ; 177(4): JC44, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560909

RESUMEN

SOURCE CITATION: Guo J, Zhao F, Bian J, et al. Low-dose ketamine versus morphine in the treatment of acute pain in the emergency department: a meta-analysis of 15 randomized controlled trials. Am J Emerg Med. 2024;76:140-149. 38071883.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Ketamina , Humanos , Ketamina/efectos adversos , Morfina/uso terapéutico , Analgésicos Opioides/efectos adversos , Dolor Agudo/tratamiento farmacológico , Dimensión del Dolor , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital , Analgésicos/uso terapéutico , Método Doble Ciego
2.
Crit Rev Ther Drug Carrier Syst ; 41(5): 111-150, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38608134

RESUMEN

Meloxicam, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, has demonstrated clinical effectiveness in managing inflammation and acute pain. Although available in oral and parenteral formulations such as capsule, tablet, suspension, and solution, frequent administration is necessary to maintain therapeutic efficacy, which can increase adverse effects and patient non-compliance. To address these issues, several sustained drug delivery strategies such as oral, transdermal, transmucosal, injectable, and implantable drug delivery systems have been developed for meloxicam. These sustained drug delivery strategies have the potential to improve the therapeutic efficacy and safety profile of meloxicam, thereby reducing the frequency of dosing and associated gastrointestinal side effects. The choice of drug delivery system will depend on the desired release profile, the target site of inflammation, and the mode of administration. Overall, meloxicam sustained delivery systems offer better patient compliance, and reduce the side effects, thereby improving the clinical applications of this drug. Herein, we discuss in detail different strategies for sustained delivery of meloxicam.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Analgésicos , Humanos , Meloxicam , Sistemas de Liberación de Medicamentos , Inflamación
3.
Age Ageing ; 53(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557666

RESUMEN

Adequate management of acute pain in the older population is crucial. However, it is inherently complex because of multiple physiological changes that significantly impact both the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of medications. Current guidelines promote paracetamol as the first-line analgesic for acute pain in older adults, whereas opioids are advised cautiously for moderate to severe acute pain. However, opioids come with a significant array of side effects, which can be more pronounced in older individuals. Ketamine administered via intranasal (IN) and nebulised inhalation in the emergency department for managing acute pain in older patients shows promising potential for improving pain management and reducing opioid reliance Kampan, Thong-on, Sri-on (2024, Age Ageing, 53, afad255). Nebulised ketamine appears superior in terms of adverse event incidence. However, the adoption of IN or nebulised ketamine in older adult acute pain management remains unclear because of the lack of definitive conclusions and clear guidelines. Nevertheless, these modalities can be valuable options for patients where opioid analgesics are contraindicated or when intravenous morphine titration is impractical or contraindicated. Here, we review these concepts, the latest evidence and propose avenues for research.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Ketamina , Dolor Musculoesquelético , Humanos , Anciano , Ketamina/efectos adversos , Ketamina/administración & dosificación , Morfina/administración & dosificación , Morfina/efectos adversos , Manejo del Dolor/efectos adversos , Dolor Agudo/diagnóstico , Dolor Agudo/tratamiento farmacológico , Dolor Agudo/inducido químicamente , Dolor Musculoesquelético/inducido químicamente , Dolor Musculoesquelético/tratamiento farmacológico , Analgésicos/efectos adversos , Analgésicos Opioides/efectos adversos , Servicio de Urgencia en Hospital
4.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 24(1): 127, 2024 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566044

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Differences exist between sexes in pain and pain-related outcomes, such as development of chronic pain. Previous studies suggested a higher risk for pain chronification in female patients. Furthermore, pain catastrophizing is an important risk factor for chronification of pain. However, it is unclear whether sex differences in catastrophic thinking could explain the sex differences in pain chronification. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine sex differences in pain catastrophizing. Additionally, we investigated pain catastrophizing as a potential mediator of sex differences in the transition of acute to chronic pain. DESIGN, SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: Adults visiting one of the 15 participating emergency departments in the Netherlands with acute pain-related complaints. Subjects had to meet inclusion criteria and complete questionnaires about their health and pain. OUTCOMES MEASURE AND ANALYSIS: The outcomes in this prospective cohort study were pain catastrophizing (short form pain catastrophizing) and pain chronification at 90 days (Numeric Rating Scale ≥ 1). Data was analysed using univariate and multivariable logistic regression models. Finally, stratified regression analyses were conducted to assess whether differences in pain catastrophizing accounted for observed differences in pain chronification between sexes. MAIN RESULTS: In total 1,906 patients were included. Females catastrophized pain significantly more than males (p < 0.001). Multiple regression analyses suggested that pain catastrophizing is associated with pain chronification in both sexes. CONCLUSIONS: This study reported differences between sexes in catastrophic cognitions in the development of chronic pain. This is possibly of clinical importance to identify high-risk patients and ensure an early intervention to prevent the transition from acute to chronic pain.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Dolor Crónico , Adulto , Humanos , Femenino , Masculino , Dolor Crónico/epidemiología , Estudios Prospectivos , Caracteres Sexuales , Catastrofización , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
5.
Rev. esp. anestesiol. reanim ; 71(4): 282-290, abril 2024. ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-232123

RESUMEN

Objetivo: Mejorar el conocimiento acerca de la práctica clínica habitual en el tratamiento del dolor agudo pediátrico en España.MétodosSe llevó a cabo una encuesta telemática a través de Internet en una muestra representativa de profesionales sanitarios involucrados en el tratamiento del dolor agudo pediátrico (concretamente anestesiólogos) en España. La encuesta incluyó 28 cuestiones acerca de su práctica clínica habitual en la valoración y el tratamiento del dolor agudo, así como aspectos formativos y organizativos en el dolor agudo pediátrico.ResultadosLa encuesta fue completada durante el mes de marzo de 2021 por 150 especialistas en anestesiología. Los encuestados presentaron una amplia experiencia en el tratamiento del dolor agudo pediátrico (media de años de experiencia: 14,3; DE: 7,8) y básicamente en dolor agudo postoperatorio (97% casos). Aunque el 80% de los mismos utilizaba de modo habitual escalas validadas de valoración de dolor agudo pediátrico, solo el 2,6% utilizaba las específicas adaptadas para pacientes con discapacidad cognitiva. La mayoría de los encuestados empleaba habitualmente fármacos analgésicos como el paracetamol (99%) o el metamizol (92%), pero solo el 84% los complementaba con alguna técnica de bloqueo loco-regional u otra medicación tipo antiinflamatorio no esteroideo (62%). Además, únicamente un 62,7% reconocía haber recibido formación específica en dolor agudo pediátrico, solo un 45% seguía protocolos institucionales hospitalarios y un escaso 28% lo hacía a través de unidades de dolor infantil.ConclusionesLa encuesta identificó importantes puntos de mejora en la formación y organización del tratamiento del dolor agudo de los pacientes españoles en edad pediátrica. (AU)


Objective: To improve knowledge about routine clinical practice in the management of paediatric acute pain in Spain.MethodsA telematic survey was conducted via the Internet on a representative sample of healthcare professionals involved in the management of paediatric acute pain (specifically anaesthesiologists) in Spain. The survey included 28 questions about their usual clinical practice in the assessment and treatment of acute pain, and also training and organisational aspects in paediatric acute pain.ResultsThe survey was completed during March 2021 by 150 specialists in anaesthesiology. The respondents widely experienced in the management of acute paediatric pain (mean years of experience: 14.3: SD: 7.8), essentially in acute postoperative pain (97% of cases). Although 80% routinely used validated paediatric acute pain assessment scales, only 2.6% used specific scales adapted for patients with cognitive impairment. Most of the respondents routinely used analgesic drugs such as paracetamol (99%) or metamizole (92%), but only 84% complemented these drugs with a loco-regional blocking technique or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (62%). Furthermore, only 62.7% acknowledged having received specific training in paediatric acute pain, only 45% followed hospital institutional protocols, and a scant 28% did so through paediatric pain units.ConclusionsThe survey identified important points for improvement in the training and organisation of acute pain management in Spanish paediatric patients. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Dolor Agudo , Pediatría , Terapéutica , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , España
6.
Rev. esp. anestesiol. reanim ; 71(4): 304-316, abril 2024. ilus, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-232126

RESUMEN

La evidencia sobre la gestión del dolor postoperatorio presenta un grado de calidad bajo o insuficiente. El Grupo de Trabajo del Dolor Agudo SEDAR ha elaborado este documento-guía para aplicar la mejor evidencia científica disponible a la práctica clínica habitual, individualizándolo en función de factores propios del paciente y del procedimiento, y englobando las distintas opciones organizativas del control de dolor.El documento profundiza y actualiza conceptos y requisitos mínimos necesarios para una analgesia óptima postoperatoria, el abordaje multidisciplinar y la gestión del dolor agudo postoperatorio. Se definen y se describen líneas estratégicas y los distintos modelos de gestión. Se establece un plan de actuación general perioperatoria basado en la colaboración con los servicios quirúrgicos implicados, en la revisión conjunta de la evidencia y en la elaboración de protocolos por procedimiento. Finalmente, se presenta un plan de seguimiento y los indicadores mínimos necesarios para un control de calidad del dolor postoperatorio. (AU)


The evidence on postoperative pain management is of low or insufficient quality. The SEDAR Acute Pain Working Group has prepared this guideline-document to apply the best available scientific evidence to clinical practice, individualizing it based on factors specific to the patient and the procedure, and encompassing different organizational options, attempting to individualize it based on specific factors of the patient and the procedure, and encompassing the different organizational options for pain control.The document updates concepts and minimum requirements necessary for optimal postoperative analgesia, a multidisciplinary approach and the management of acute postoperative pain. Strategic lines and different management models are defined. A general perioperative action plan is established based on collaboration with the surgical departments involved, on the joint review of the evidence and on preparation of protocols by the procedure. Finally, a follow-up plan and a series of minimum indicators necessary for quality control of postoperative pain are presented. (AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Ciencias de la Salud , Dolor Postoperatorio , Dolor Agudo , Cirugía General , Atención Médica
7.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 37: 278-282, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432818

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Acute interscapular pain is a frequent postoperative complication observed in patients who have undergone median sternotomy. This study aimed to assess a novel approach to manual therapy utilizing the Regional Interdependence (RI) concept for managing interscapular pain in post-sternotomy patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an observational study, a cohort of 60 consecutively admitted patients undergoing median sternotomy was enrolled. Data collection involved standardized clinical evaluations conducted at specific time points: prior to manual treatment (T0), following five manual treatments (T5), and at post-treatment days 10 (T10) and 30 (T30). The Experimental Group (EG) received manual treatment based on the RI concept, performed in a seated position to accommodate individual clinical conditions and surgical wound considerations. The Control Group (CG) received simulated treatment involving identical exercises to the EG but lacking the physiological or biomechanical stimulation. RESULTS: Among the initial 60 patients, 36 met the inclusion criteria, while 24 were excluded due to one or more exclusion criteria. Treatment outcomes revealed a statistically significant improvement in the EG compared to the CG, not only in terms of pain reduction but also in functional recovery and consequent disability reduction. DISCUSSION: The RI concept emerges as a potentially valuable therapeutic approach for addressing interscapular dysfunction, particularly in highly complex post-sternotomy patients. This study highlights the clinical relevance of the RI concept in the management of interscapular pain and highlights its potential utility in improving patient outcomes in the challenging context of sternotomy surgery.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Cardíacos , Manipulaciones Musculoesqueléticas , Humanos , Esternotomía/efectos adversos , Procedimientos Quirúrgicos Cardíacos/efectos adversos , Manejo del Dolor
8.
WMJ ; 123(1): 43-47, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38436639

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Acute pancreatitis is a common cause of hospitalizations in the United States, causing approximately 230 000 to 275 000 annual admissions We present the case of a patient with acute pancreatitis likely due to doxycycline. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old male was admitted after developing acute epigastric pain radiating to his back, a lipase of 6611 (units/L), and a computed tomography scan showing moderate peripancreatic inflammation. He had no recent alcohol use, his gallbladder was surgically absent, and he had no gallbladder pathology on evaluation; however, he had been started on doxycycline 10 days prior. While hospitalized, he was treated with pain medications, fluids, and antibiotics for aspiration pneumonia. His acute symptoms resolved, except for minor intermittent abdominal pain 2 months after discharge. DISCUSSION: Doxycycline-induced pancreatitis has been reported within 3 to 17 days of medication initiation. Given the temporal correlation and lack of other inciting etiologies, we determined the most likely etiology was doxycycline. CONCLUSIONS: Further study is needed to understand the pathophysiology and incidence of doxycycline-induced pancreatitis.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Pancreatitis , Masculino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Doxiciclina/efectos adversos , Pancreatitis/inducido químicamente , Pancreatitis/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedad Aguda , Antibacterianos/efectos adversos
9.
BMJ Open ; 14(3): e080620, 2024 Mar 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508619

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Satisfactory management of acute pain remains a major medical challenge despite the availability of multiple therapeutic options including the fixed-dose combination (FDC) drugs. Tramadol and dexketoprofen trometamol (TRAM/DKP) 75/25 mg FDC was launched in 2018 in Asia and is widely used in the management of moderate to severe acute pain. There are limited data on its effectiveness and safety in Asian patients, and therefore, a need to better understand its usage patterns in clinical practice. We aim to understand the usage pattern of TRAM/DKP FDC, its effectiveness and tolerability in patients with moderate to severe acute pain in Asia. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: REKOVER is a phase-IV, multicountry, multicentre, prospective, real-world observational study. A total of 750 postsurgical and non-surgical patients (male and female, aged 18-80 years) will be recruited from 13 tertiary-care hospitals (15 sites) in Singapore, Thailand, the Philippines and Malaysia. All patients prescribed with TRAM/DKP FDC and willing to participate in the study will be enrolled. The recruitment duration for each site will be 6 months. The severity of pain will be collected using Numeric Pain Rating Scale through the treatment period from day 1 to day 5, while satisfaction with the treatment will be evaluated using Patient Global Evaluation Scale at the end of treatment. Any adverse event reported during the study duration will be recorded for safety analysis (up to day 6). The study data will be entered into the ClaimIt portal and mobile application (app) (ObvioHealth, USA). All the inpatient data will be entered into the portal by the study site and for outpatient it will be done by patients through an app. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study has been approved by the local ethics committee from each study sites in Singapore, Thailand, the Philippines and Malaysia. Findings will be disseminated through local and global conference presentations, publications in peer-reviewed scientific journals and continuing medical education.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Cetoprofeno/análogos & derivados , Tramadol , Trometamina , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Tramadol/uso terapéutico , Dolor Agudo/tratamiento farmacológico , Estudios Prospectivos , Dolor Postoperatorio/tratamiento farmacológico , Método Doble Ciego , Sistema de Registros , Tailandia , Estudios Observacionales como Asunto , Combinación de Medicamentos
10.
J Emerg Med ; 66(4): e413-e420, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38490894

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Opioids are commonly prescribed for the management of acute orthopedic trauma pain, including nonoperative distal radius fractures. OBJECTIVES: This prospective study aimed to determine if a clinical decision support intervention influenced prescribing decisions for patients with known risk factors. We sought to quantify frequency of opioid prescriptions for acute nonoperative distal radius fractures treated. METHODS: We performed a prospective study at one large health care system. Utilizing umbrella code S52.5, we identified all distal radius fractures treated nonoperatively, and the encounters were merged with the Prescription Reporting with Immediate Medication Mapping (PRIMUM) database to identify encounters with opioid prescriptions and patients with risk factors for opioid use disorder. We used multivariable logistic regression to determine patient characteristics associated with the prescription of an opioid. Among encounters that triggered the PRIMUM alert, we calculated the percentage of encounters where the PRIMUM alert influenced the prescribing decision. RESULTS: Of 2984 encounters, 1244 (41.7%) included an opioid prescription. Age increment is a significant factor to more likely receive opioid prescriptions (p < 0.0001) after adjusting for other factors. Among encounters where the physician received an alert, those that triggered the alert for early refill were more likely to influence physicians' opioid prescribing when compared with other risk factors (p = 0.0088). CONCLUSION: Over 90% of patients (106/118) continued to receive an opioid medication despite having a known risk factor for abuse. Additionally, we found older patients were more likely to be prescribed opioids for nonoperatively managed distal radius fractures.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Sistemas de Apoyo a Decisiones Clínicas , Fracturas de la Muñeca , Humanos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapéutico , Estudios Prospectivos , Prescripciones de Medicamentos , Pautas de la Práctica en Medicina , Dolor Agudo/tratamiento farmacológico
11.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 708: 149800, 2024 May 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38522402

RESUMEN

Previous human and rodent studies indicated that nociceptive stimuli activate many brain regions that is involved in the somatosensory and emotional sensation. Although these studies have identified several important brain regions involved in pain perception, it has been a challenge to observe neural activity directly and simultaneously in these multiple brain regions during pain perception. Using a transgenic mouse expressing G-CaMP7 in majority of astrocytes and a subpopulation of excitatory neurons, we recorded the brain activity in the mouse cerebral cortex during acute pain stimulation. Both of hind paw pinch and intraplantar administration of formalin caused strong transient increase of the fluorescence in several cortical regions, including primary somatosensory, motor and retrosplenial cortex. This increase of the fluorescence intensity was attenuated by the pretreatment with morphine. The present study provides important insight into the cortico-cortical network during pain perception.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Animales , Ratones , Humanos , Corteza Somatosensorial , Corteza Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagen , Corteza Cerebral/fisiología , Giro del Cíngulo , Diagnóstico por Imagen
13.
Drugs ; 84(3): 305-317, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38451443

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of opioids for people with acute musculoskeletal pain against placebo. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analyses of randomised, placebo-controlled trials of opioid analgesics for acute musculoskeletal pain in any setting. The primary outcomes were pain and disability at the immediate timepoint (< 24 h). DATA SOURCES: Multiple databases were searched from their inception to February 22nd, 2023. DATA SYNTHESIS: Continuous outcomes were converted to a 0-100 scale. Dichotomous outcomes were presented as risk differences. Risk of bias and certainty of evidence was assessed. RESULTS: We located 17 trials (1 intravenous and 16 oral route of administration). For adults, high certainty evidence from 11 comparisons shows that oral opioids provide small benefits relative to placebo in the immediate term for pain (mean difference [MD] - 8.8 95% confidence interval [CI] - 12.0 to - 5.6). For disability, the difference is uncertain (MD - 6.2, 95% CI - 17.8 to 5.4). Opioid groups were at higher risk of adverse events (MD 14.3%, 95% CI 8.3-20.4%, very low certainty). There was moderate certainty evidence of a large effect of IV morphine on sciatica pain (MD -42.5, 95% CI - 49.9 to - 35.1, n = 197, 1 study). In paediatric populations, moderate certainty evidence from 3 trials shows that oral opioids probably do not provide benefit beyond that of placebo for pain (MD 6.1, 95% CI - 1.7 to 12.8) and there was no evidence for disability. There was low certainty evidence that there may be no difference in adverse events (MD 10.4%, 95% CI - 0.6 to 21.4%). DISCUSSION: Intravenous morphine likely offers benefits, but oral opioids may not provide clinically meaningful benefits. PROSPERO REGISTRATION: CRD42021249346.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Dolor Musculoesquelético , Adulto , Niño , Humanos , Analgésicos Opioides/efectos adversos , Dolor Musculoesquelético/tratamiento farmacológico , Dolor Agudo/tratamiento farmacológico , Morfina
14.
Scand J Pain ; 24(1)2024 Jan 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452184

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Generative artificial intelligence (AI) models offer potential assistance in pain research data acquisition, yet concerns persist regarding data accuracy and reliability. In a comparative study, we evaluated open generative AI models' capacity to acquire data on acute pain in rock climbers comparable to field research. METHODS: Fifty-two rock climbers (33 m/19 f; age 29.0 [24.0-35.75] years) were asked to report pain location and intensity during a single climbing session. Five generative pretrained transformer models were tasked with responses to the same questions. RESULTS: Climbers identified the back of the forearm (19.2%) and toes (17.3%) as primary pain sites, with reported median pain intensity at 4 [3-5] and median maximum pain intensity at 7 [5-8]. Conversely, AI models yielded divergent findings, indicating fingers, hands, shoulders, legs, and feet as primary pain localizations with average and maximum pain intensity ranging from 3 to 4.4 and 5 to 10, respectively. Only two AI models provided references that were untraceable in PubMed and Google searches. CONCLUSION: Our findings reveal that, currently, open generative AI models cannot match the quality of field-collected data on acute pain in rock climbers. Moreover, the models generated nonexistent references, raising concerns about their reliability.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Humanos , Adulto , Inteligencia Artificial , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Extremidad Superior , Pie
15.
BMJ Case Rep ; 17(3)2024 Mar 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442961

RESUMEN

An elderly female patient with left pyelonephritis developed worsening left flank pain, hypotension and a drop in haemoglobin (Hb) from 97 g/L to 67g/L on the third day of her admission. There was no recent trauma, history of coagulopathy or risk factors for renal malignancy or vascular disease.A contrasted CT scan of the kidneys revealed a 3.8 cm left renal subcapsular haematoma with no active contrast extravasation. Her atraumatic subcapsular haematoma fulfils two out of three clinical features of Lenk's triad (acute flank pain, hypovolaemic shock), suggestive of Wunderlich syndrome. Urine and blood cultures grew Klebsiella pneumoniae and she was managed conservatively with culture-directed antibiotics, fluids and blood products.Wunderlich syndrome is a rare complication of pyelonephritis and should be considered in patients with pyelonephritis who develop acute severe flank pain, Hb drop and haemodynamic instability. Appropriate medical and surgical therapies need to be instituted early to ensure good outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Neoplasias Renales , Pielonefritis , Enfermedades Vasculares , Femenino , Anciano , Humanos , Dolor en el Flanco/etiología , Pielonefritis/complicaciones , Riñón , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal , Hematoma
16.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 60(3)2024 Mar 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38541179

RESUMEN

Background and Objectives: Achieving adequate pain reduction in the acute phase of herpes zoster is essential for preventing postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). For this purpose, appropriate antiviral medications, oral analgesic medications, and various nerve block methods could be applied. Erector spinae plane block (ESPB) is a simple, novel ultrasound-guided block technique, and its use has increased because the procedure is convenient and relatively safe. Although several cases have reported the zoster-associated pain (ZAP) control effect of ESPB, the efficacy of ESPB has not been compared with that of other types of nerve blocks for managing ZAP. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of ESPB with that of other types of nerve blocks for managing ZAP. Study Design: Retrospective case-control study. Materials and Methods: Medical records of 53 patients with acute thoracic herpes zoster were reviewed. We divided the participants into two groups: patients who received transforaminal epidural injection (TFEI) (n = 32) and those who received ESPB (n = 21). The efficacy of the procedure was assessed by a numerical rating scale (NRS) and by recording patient medication doses before the procedure and at 1 week, 1 month, 2 months, and 3 months after the procedure. Results: The time required for pain intensity to decrease to NRS ≤ 2 was not significantly different between the groups. The rate of medication discontinuation also was not different between the groups. There was no significant difference between the two groups in the proportion of clinically significant PHN (NRS ≥ 3) at any time point. Limitations: The relatively small sample size from a single center and the retrospective nature of the study served as limitations. Conclusions: The clinical effects of ESPB and TFEI were similar in patients with acute thoracic herpes zoster. ESPB could be considered an interventional option for ZAP management.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Herpes Zóster , Bloqueo Nervioso , Neuralgia Posherpética , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Herpes Zóster/complicaciones , Herpes Zóster/tratamiento farmacológico , Neuralgia Posherpética/tratamiento farmacológico , Bloqueo Nervioso/métodos , Dolor Postoperatorio
17.
J Headache Pain ; 25(1): 31, 2024 Mar 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38443795

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Both epidemiological and clinical studies have indicated that headache and sleep disturbances share a complex relationship. Although headache and sleep share common neurophysiological and anatomical foundations, the mechanism underlying their interaction remains poorly understood. The structures of the diencephalon and brainstem, particularly the locus coeruleus (LC), are the primary sites where the sleep and headache pathways intersect. To better understand the intricate nature of the relationship between headache and sleep, our study focused on investigating the role and function of noradrenergic neurons in the LC during acute headache and acute sleep disturbance. METHOD: To explore the relationship between acute headache and acute sleep disturbance, we primarily employed nitroglycerin (NTG)-induced migraine-like headache and acute sleep deprivation (ASD) models. Initially, we conducted experiments to confirm that ASD enhances headache and that acute headache can lead to acute sleep disturbance. Subsequently, we examined the separate roles of the LC in sleep and headache. We observed the effects of drug-induced activation and inhibition and chemogenetic manipulation of LC noradrenergic neurons on ASD-induced headache facilitation and acute headache-related sleep disturbance. This approach enabled us to demonstrate the bidirectional function of LC noradrenergic neurons. RESULTS: Our findings indicate that ASD facilitated the development of NTG-induced migraine-like headache, while acute headache affected sleep quality. Furthermore, activating the LC reduced the headache threshold and increased sleep latency, whereas inhibiting the LC had the opposite effect. Additional investigations demonstrated that activating LC noradrenergic neurons further intensified pain facilitation from ASD, while inhibiting these neurons reduced this pain facilitation. Moreover, activating LC noradrenergic neurons exacerbated the impact of acute headache on sleep quality, while inhibiting them alleviated this influence. CONCLUSION: The LC serves as a significant anatomical and functional region in the interaction between acute sleep disturbance and acute headache. The involvement of LC noradrenergic neurons is pivotal in facilitating headache triggered by ASD and influencing the effects of headache on sleep quality.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Neuronas Adrenérgicas , Trastornos Migrañosos , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia , Humanos , Locus Coeruleus , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/complicaciones , Cefalea , Privación de Sueño , Sueño , Nitroglicerina
18.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 29(2): e211-e218, Mar. 2024. ilus, tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | IBECS | ID: ibc-231224

RESUMEN

Background: The transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) stimulus inhibits the activity of nociceptive neurons of the central nervous system. Pain relief is achieved by increasing the pulse amplitude of TENS to induce a non-painful paranesthesia beneath the electrodes. This study aimed to assess the effect of TENS on acute pain, edema, and trismus after surgical removal of impacted third molars.Material and Methods: This randomized, double blind, split-mouth clinical trial was conducted on 37 patients with bilaterally impacted mandibular third molars. The angle and body of mandible at the site of surgery in one randomly selected quadrant underwent TENS immediately after surgery (50 Hz, 100-μs short pulse, 15 minutes for 6 days). The TENS stimulator device was used in off mode for the placebo quadrant. The pain score (primary outcome) was measured for 7 days postoperatively, and edema and trismus (secondary outcomes) were assessed at 2, 4 and 7 days, postoperatively. The results were analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA using R software (alpha=0.05). Results: The overall mean pain score was significantly lower in the TENS than the placebo group (P<0.05). The number of taken analgesics in the first 3 days was significantly lower in the TENS group (P<0.001). Postoperative edema in the TENS group was lower than the placebo group but only the difference was not statistically significant (P>.05). The inter-incisal distance, as an index to assess trismus, was not significantly different between the two group at day 2, but it was significantly higher in the TENS group after the second day (P<0.001)...(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Tercer Molar/cirugía , Trismo/etiología , Dolor Agudo , Estimulación Eléctrica Transcutánea del Nervio , Edema/prevención & control , Diente Impactado , Medicina Oral , Salud Bucal , Patología Bucal , Edema/etiología , Trismo/prevención & control
19.
BMJ Open ; 14(2): e080012, 2024 02 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307526

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Dexmedetomidine is a promising pharmaceutical strategy to minimise opioid use during surgery. Despite its growing use, it is uncertain whether dexmedetomidine can improve patient-centred outcomes such as quality of recovery and pain. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis following the recommendations of the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews. We will search MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL, Web of Science and CINAHL approximately in October 2023. We will include randomised controlled trials evaluating the impact of systemic intraoperative dexmedetomidine on patient-centred outcomes. Patient-centred outcome definition will be based on the consensus definition established by the Standardised Endpoints in Perioperative Medicine initiative (StEP-COMPAC). Our primary outcome will be the quality of recovery after surgery. Our secondary outcomes will be patient well-being, function, health-related quality of life, life impact, multidimensional assessment of postoperative acute pain, chronic pain, persistent postoperative opioid use, opioid-related adverse events, hospital length of stay and adverse events. Two reviewers will independently screen and identify trials and extract data. We will evaluate the risk of bias of trials using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool (RoB 2.0). We will synthesise data using a random effects Bayesian model framework, estimating the probability of achieving a benefit and its clinical significance. We will assess statistical heterogeneity with the tau-squared and explore sources of heterogeneity with meta-regression. We have involved patient partners, clinicians, methodologists, and key partner organisations in the development of this protocol, and we plan to continue this collaboration throughout all phases of this systematic review. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Our systematic review does not require research ethics approval. It will help inform current clinical practice guidelines and guide development of future randomised controlled trials. The results will be disseminated in open-access peer-reviewed journals, presented at conferences and shared among collaborators and networks. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42023439896.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Dexmedetomidina , Humanos , Dexmedetomidina/uso terapéutico , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapéutico , Teorema de Bayes , Calidad de Vida , Revisiones Sistemáticas como Asunto , Anestesia General , Dolor Postoperatorio/tratamiento farmacológico , Metaanálisis como Asunto
20.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 34(2): 160-165, 2024 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38342865

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the analgaesic efficacy of tenoxicam and dexketoprofen in patients admitted to the Emergency Medicine (EM) Clinic with severe acute pain due to primary dysmenorrhea (PD). STUDY DESIGN: Randomised-controlled trial. Place and Duration of the Study: Emergency Medicine Clinic, Health Sciences University, Adana City Training and Research Hospital, Adana, Turkiye, from January to December 2022. METHODOLOGY: Patients presenting with PD, were divided into two groups of 60 each, administered 50 mg dexketoprofen and 20 mg tenoxicam intravenously. Visual analogue scale (VAS) scores were recorded at the 15th, 30th, 60th, and 120th minutes. VAS scores and ΔVAS scores were compared with the effectiveness of drugs, the need for rescue drugs and its side-effects. RESULTS: Intravenous (IV) dexketoprofen was administered to 60 of the patients and IV tenoxicam was administered to another 60. At the time of admission, mean VAS scores of the patients were 8.8 ± 0.9 for the dexketoprofen group and 8.6 ± 0.8 for the tenoxicam group. The VAS scores of the dexketoprofen group were found to be statistically significantly lower after 30 minutes with lower need for rescue analgaesics. ΔVAS scores of the dexketoprofen group were statistically significantly higher from the 30th minute. CONCLUSION: According to the VAS scoring, IV dexketoprofen was a more effective drug than IV tenoxicam in patients who were admitted to the EM clinic with severe pain due to PD. KEY WORDS: Dexketoprofen, Primary dysmenorrhea, VAS score.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Agudo , Antiinflamatorios no Esteroideos , Cetoprofeno , Piroxicam , Trometamina , Femenino , Humanos , Dolor Agudo/tratamiento farmacológico , Antiinflamatorios no Esteroideos/uso terapéutico , Método Doble Ciego , Dismenorrea/tratamiento farmacológico , Cetoprofeno/análogos & derivados , Dolor Postoperatorio/tratamiento farmacológico , Piroxicam/análogos & derivados
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