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1.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1087-1105, out.-dez. 2019. tab, ilus
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas técnico-científicas | ID: biblio-994974

RESUMEN

Discorre-se sobre o desenvolvimento brasileiro da psicologia do trabalho e das organizações, com o foco na sua formação pós-graduada e produção científica. Inicia-se pela demarcação conceitual. Na seção subsequente, argumenta-se a favor da relação entre o crescimento e a diversificação da subárea e também a expansão da pós-graduação no Brasil. Segue um panorama das revisões de literatura nacionais, visando ressaltar a diversidade na prática de pesquisa. Finaliza-se com considerações sobre os desafios para alcançar níveis mais elevados de amadurecimento científico.(AU)


This article aims to describe the Brazilian development of work and organizational psychology, with a focus on its graduate training and scientific production. It begins by defining concepts. The following section argues in favor of the relationship between growth and diversification of the subarea and the expansion of graduate programs in Brazil. An overview of the national scientific reviews follows, in order to mark the diversity in research practices. Finally, the chapter discusses challenges to achieve higher levels of scientific maturity.(AU)


Se aborda el desarrollo brasileño de la psicología del trabajo y de las organizaciones, con el foco en su formación en el posgrado y producción científica. Se inicia por la demarcación conceptual. En la sección posterior, se argumenta a favor de la relación entre el crecimiento y la diversificación del sub-área y también la expansión del posgrado en el Brasil. Se propone un panorama de las revisiones de literatura nacionales, con vistas a resaltar la diversidad en la práctica de investigación. Se concluye con consideraciones sobre los desafíos para alcanzar niveles más elevados de madurez científica.(AU)


Asunto(s)
Psicología , Educación de Postgrado , Psicología Aplicada , Investigación , Investigación Científica y Desarrollo Tecnológico , Métodos
2.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 25(1): e25013, jan.- dez. 2019. tabelas, gráficos
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047788

RESUMEN

O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a produção científica em Educação Física de dissertações e teses de programas de pós-graduação stricto sensu, no período de 2001 a 2010, com enfoque em suas abordagens metodológicas. Os PPGEF selecionados foram: USP, UNESP, UFRGS, UNICAMP e UGF. A análise dos dados pautou-se na abordagem metodológica proposta por Gaya (2008). Os resultados apontaram predominância da abordagem nomotética, seguida da interpretativa e ausência da intervenção social. Conclui-se, com base em Bourdieu, que as regras do jogo científico têm influenciado a orientação metodológica da produção de conhecimento da área, o que pode repercutir na reprodução de modos hegemônicos de ciência no campo


The aim of this study was to analyze scientific production in Physical Education from theses and dissertations of post graduation programs, since 2001 to 2010, focusing on their methodological approaches. The Physical Education's post graduation programs selected were: USP, UNESP, UFRGS, UNICAMP and UGF. The data analysis was based on the methodological approach proposed by Gaya (2008). The results points the nomothetic approach's predominance, followed by interpretive and absence of social intervention. To conclude, based on Bourdieu, the rules of the scientific game have been influencing the methodological orientation of the production of knowledge in the area, which may reverberate on the reproduction of hegemonic ways of Science in the field


El objetivo fue analizar la producción científica en Educación Física desde tesis y disertaciones de programas de posgrado (maestría y doctorado), entre 2001 y 2010, concentrándose em sus enfoques metodológicos. Los programas de posgrado em Educación Física selecionados fueron: USP, UNESP, UFRGS, UNICAMP y UGF. El análisis de datos se basó en el enfoque metodológico propuesto por Gaya (2008). Los resultados apuntaron predominancia del enfoque nomotético, seguido de lo interpretativo y ausencia de la intervención social. Se concluye, con base en Bourdieu, que las reglas del juego científico han influenciado la orientación metodológica de la producción de conocimiento del área, lo que puede repercutir en la reproducción de modos hegemónicos de ciencia en el campo


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Educación y Entrenamiento Físico , Actividades Científicas y Tecnológicas , Educación de Postgrado
3.
Movimento (Porto Alegre) ; 25(1): e25012, jan.- dez. 2019. Tabelas, Gráfico
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047785

RESUMEN

O presente artigo objetivou mapear as diversidades epistemológicas na subárea pedagógica nos programas de pós-graduação em Educação Física das universidades brasileiras. Para isso foi realizado um estudo exploratório descritivo, tendo como fontes de dados a Plataforma Sucupira, Currículo Lattes e as páginas online dos programas. Foram encontrados 36 programas, com um corpo de 807 professores credenciados. Concluise a existência de um crescente e significativo aumento no número dos programas e docentes vinculados à subárea pedagógica, com a presença de uma heterogeneidade epistemológica nesta subárea, apesar de se constar uma predominância hegemônica da vertente biodinâmica nos programas de pós-graduação em Educação Física no Brasil


This article mapped epistemological diversities in the pedagogical subarea of Physical Education graduate programs at Brazilian universities. A descriptive exploratory study was conducted, using the Sucupira Platform, the Lattes Curriculum and the programs' websites as data sources. We found 36 programs, with 807 registered professors. The findings point out that there is growing and significant increase in the number of programs and professors linked to the pedagogical subarea, which is epistemologically heterogeneous, although there is a hegemonic predominance of the Biodynamic component in graduate programs in Physical Education in Brazil


El presente artículo objetivó mapear las diversidades epistemológicas en la subárea pedagógica en los programas de posgrado en Educación Física de las universidades brasileñas. Para ello se realizó un estudio exploratorio descriptivo que tuvo como fuente de datos la Plataforma Sucupira, Currículo Lattes y las páginas en línea de los programas. Se encontraron 36 programas, con un cuerpo de 807 profesores acreditados. Se concluye la existencia de un creciente y significativo aumento en el número de programas y docentes vinculados a la subárea pedagógica, con la presencia de una heterogeneidad epistemológica en esta subárea, a pesar de que se constata una predominancia hegemónica de la vertiente Biodinámica en los Programas de Posgrado en Educación Física en Brasil


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Educación y Entrenamiento Físico , Enseñanza , Educación de Postgrado , Conocimiento
4.
Nature ; 575(7782): 257-258, 2019 11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31723298
8.
Glob Health Action ; 12(1): 1670002, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570070

RESUMEN

Doctoral training has increasingly become the requirement for faculty in institutions of higher learning in Africa. Africa, however, still lacks sufficient capacity to conduct research, with just 1.4% of all published research authored by African researchers. Similarly, women in Sub-Saharan Africa only constitute 30% of the continent's researchers, and correspondingly publish little research. Challenging these gendered inequities requires a gender responsive doctoral program that caters for women's gender roles that likely affect their enrollment in, and completion of, doctoral programs. In this article, we describe a public and population health multidisciplinary doctoral training program - CARTA and its approach to supporting women. This has resulted in women's enrollment in the program equaling men's and similar throughput rates. CARTA has achieved this by meeting women's practical needs around childbearing and childrearing and we argue that this has produced some outcomes that challenge gender norms, such as fathers being child minders in support of their wives and creating visible female role models.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Postgrado , Estudios Interdisciplinarios , Investigadores/educación , África del Sur del Sahara , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Médicos , Factores Sexuales
9.
Codas ; 31(5): e20180299, 2019.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618318

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To investigate the association of variables gender, year of the thesis defense, type and location of the teaching institution, the thesis subject and the program in which the thesis was developed. METHODS: Data were collected through consultation of the Lattes Platform of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (1976-2017). Filters were activated to follow the inclusion criteria: is Brazilians with a degree in Speech-Language Therapy, and also with a PhD degree. The established variables were recorded in the STATA/IC 14.2 software, and a descriptive analysis of the data and trend of them were performed. RESULTS: Most of the 1,125 subjects who composed the sample were female, graduated in a public higher education institution, located in the Southeast region, and defended their thesis in a Program related to ​​Health Sciences, or in Speech-language therapy. CONCLUSION: The profile found is similar to the profile of previous studies, and it shows the significant growth of speech-language therapists with PhD degrees in research activities and qualified scientific production.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Postgrado/historia , Patología del Habla y Lenguaje/educación , Brasil , Educación de Postgrado/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Historia del Siglo XX , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Masculino , Patología del Habla y Lenguaje/historia , Patología del Habla y Lenguaje/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores de Tiempo
10.
J Dent Educ ; 83(12): 1420-1426, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31548304

RESUMEN

Few studies have been published on thesis completion experiences of master's degree students. However, for doctoral students, dissertation completion has been found to be dependent on individual, relational, and institutional factors. The aim of this study was to examine dental hygienists' perceptions of their experiences completing a thesis as a requirement for an advanced degree. A qualitative phenomenological research design was used utilizing virtual focus groups with a national purposive sample of dental hygienists (n=25) who had graduated from a degree program in which a thesis was a requirement for the degree. Data analysis used an inductive approach to identify themes using Liechty et al.'s framework of individual, relational, and institutional factors impacting completion of a dissertation. Liechty et al.'s framework is based on Vygotsky's sociocultural theory of learning. In the results, individual factors identified included family/work responsibilities, lack of understanding of the thesis process, time management, health issues, and reaching personal and professional goals. Relational factors focused primarily on positive and negative experiences with the thesis advisor/committee and support from expert peers/family. Institutional factors included the thesis structure, financial concerns, and challenges in recruiting research participants. This study found many factors influencing the thesis experience that may help guide the process in graduate degree programs. In addition, the findings suggest a need to provide mentoring and support for thesis advisors and committee members to more effectively guide students through the thesis process. Effective modifications of these may improve retention of students and facilitate timely completion of thesis research.


Asunto(s)
Higienistas Dentales , Educación de Postgrado , Educación de Posgrado en Odontología , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Mentores , Estudiantes
11.
Nature ; 573(7773): 299-300, 2019 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501582
12.
Nature ; 573(7772): 5, 2019 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31481788
14.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 35(3): 218-223, set. 2019.
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023707

RESUMEN

La Clínica Ginecotocológica A (CGA) de la Facultad de Medicina (FM) se ha comprometido con los objetivos de la reforma sanitaria en lo referente a la formación de posgrados, trabajando para ello en la descentralización de los escenarios de enseñanza-aprendizaje. En esta publicación se presenta la estrategia de descentralización de la formación de posgrados de ginecotocología de la CGA en el período 2010-2018. Se describen las herramientas que permiten mantener el contacto de los posgrados y tutores sustentados en tecnologías de la comunicación para realizar regularmente ateneos, actividades tutoriales, teleclínicas. Por otro lado, se describe la distribución logrado de postgrados, así como el logro de las destrezas en los diferentes Centros Docentes Asociados (CEDA). De la evaluación del funcionamiento de la red de CEDA de la CGA, así como de los logros formativos de recursos humanos, se concluye que es factible el aumento del cupo formativo de posgrados de Ginecotocología apelando a la descentralización estructurada de los escenarios de aprendizaje.


The Gynecotocology Clinic A (GCA) of the School of the School of Medicine is committed to the goals set in the health reform in terms of the training of postgraduates, and thus has focused on the decentralization of the educational scenario. This study presents the decentralization strategy in the training of postgraduate students in gynecotocology of the GCA between 2010 and 2018. It describes the tools that allow keeping in touch with the posgraduate students and tutors by means of technology that regularly aids grand rounds, tutorial activities, remote clinics, etc. Also, a description of the distribution of achievements by psotgraduates is provided, as well as the achievement of skills in the different Associated Teaching Centers (CEDAs in Spanish). Upon the assessment of performance of the CEDAs network of CGA, as well as the educational achievements in human resources, a conclusion is drawn as to the feasibility of increasing the number of postgraduates trained in gynecotocology appealing to structured decentralization strategies for the learning scenario.


A Clínica Ginecotocológica A (CGA) da Faculdade de Medicina (FMed-UDELAR) está comprometida com os objetivos da reforma sanitária no que diz respeito à formação dos pós-graduandos, trabalhando para isso na descentralização dos cenários de ensino-aprendizagem. Nesta publicação apresenta-se a estratégia de descentralização da formação dos pós-graduandos de ginecologia e obstetrícia da CGA no período 2010-2018. Descreve-se as ferramentas que permitem manter o contacto entre pós-graduandos e supervisores utilizando tecnologias da comunicação para realizar regularmente discussão de casos clínicos, atividades de supervisão e tele clínicas. Por outro lado, apresenta-se a distribuição geográfica dos pós-graduandos, bem como os resultados da obtenção de destrezas nos diferentes Centros docentes Associados (CEDA). A avaliação do funcionamento da rede de CEDA da CGA e dos resultados da formação de recursos humanos, permite concluir que é factível aumentar as vagas para pós-graduandos de ginecologia e obstetrícia utilizando a descentralização estruturada dos cenários de aprendizagem.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Postgrado , Ginecología/educación , Educación Médica Continua
16.
Rev. Fund. Educ. Méd. (Ed. impr.) ; 22(4): 159-164, jul.-ago. 2019. tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-183075

RESUMEN

La educación médica en Costa Rica se inicia en 1959 con la creación de la Escuela de Medicina de la Universidad de Costa Rica. La interacción entre la Junta de Protección Social y la Caja Costarricense del Seguro Social ha fortalecido su desarrollo. La fundación de las escuelas de medicina privadas en la década de los setenta, así como la creación del Sistema Nacional de Acreditación de la Educación Superior como garante de la calidad académica de las instituciones de educación superior y el Colegio de Médicos y Cirujanos, ente que regula el ejercicio profesional y la idoneidad del recurso médico, han contribuido de forma importante a este desarrollo. Todos estos esfuerzos institucionales conjuntos permiten a los estudiantes de grado y posgrado el acceso a planes de estudio de calidad, para dar mejores servicios de salud a la población costarricense, permitiendo el avance en los índices de salud del país y el desarrollo de un sistema sanitario que cubre el 95% de la población. Los desafíos se dirigen a una mejor planificación, que regule la formación de este recurso, a la atención de la población mayor de 65 años, tanto en lo preventivo como en las patologías propias de la edad, al desarrollo de estrategias mediante la tecnología informática que potencie la formación de redes para la investigación en educación médica, a la formación de profesionales a nivel general y a una especialización de mayor calidad


Medical education in Costa Rica began in 1959 with the creation of the School of Medicine of the University of Costa Rica. The subsequent interaction between the Social Protection Board and the alliances with the Costa Rican Social Security Fund has strengthened its development. Black in the seventies, the foundation of the private schools of medicine, and the creation of the National System of Accreditation of Higher Education as guarantor of the minimum academic quality and the role of the College of Physicians and Surgeons, entity that regulates the professional practice and the suitability of the resource edict, has contributed in an important way with this development. All these joint institutional efforts allow undergraduate and graduate students, access to quality study plans, to provide better health services to the Costa Rican population and allowing advancement in the health indices presented by the country and the development of a health system that covers 95% of the population. The challenges are focused on the achievement of a better planning, that regulates the formation of this course, the attention for the population over 65 years, both in the preventive, as in the pathologies of that time, the development of strategies through the computer technology that enhances the formation of networks for research in medical education and the training of general and specialty professionals of higher quality


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Educación Médica/métodos , Modelos Educacionales , Educación Basada en Competencias/métodos , Educación de Postgrado/métodos , Educación Médica/organización & administración , Costa Rica , Acreditación , Prueba de Admisión Académica
19.
Med Sci (Paris) ; 35(6-7): 558-561, 2019.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31274087

RESUMEN

Since 2016, the national framework for doctoral studies in France states that doctoral schools from the French universities should ensure that every doctoral student receives a training in research ethics and integrity. The doctoral schools can organize the training at their convenience. We have conducted a study among all French doctoral schools about the modalities of this training in 2018. Our inquiry shows that the doctoral schools are well engaged in this effort of training on the whole territory, and are on the verge of reinforcing it. Overall, our inquiry shows a general awareness by the doctoral schools of the importance of these topics for tomorrow research.


Asunto(s)
Curriculum , Educación de Postgrado/métodos , Ética Profesional/educación , Ética en Investigación/educación , Curriculum/normas , Educación de Postgrado/historia , Educación de Postgrado/normas , Ética Profesional/historia , Ética en Investigación/historia , Francia , Historia del Siglo XXI , Humanos , Estudiantes/psicología
20.
Cien Saude Colet ; 24(6): 2203-2210, 2019 Jun 27.
Artículo en Portugués, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269179

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Stricto sensu postgraduate courses were regulated to enhance the training of university professors and researchers in order to attend the expansion of higher education and promote scientific research development. Today, Brazilian postgraduate programs transcend the academic limits, especially after the establishment of professional masters and doctorate programs. METHODS: This is a documentary study, which included ESCS management reports, as well as bibliographic and technical productions. RESULTS: The ESCS currently provides three postgraduate programs: Professional Masters in Health Sciences, Academic Masters in Health Sciences, and Professional Masters in Family Health (ProfSaúde). CONCLUSION: The ESCS experience is an effort to integrate teaching, research and health care in which we should highlight the concern with the development of the interface with public health policies. However, the institutional environment is complex because ESCS is a higher education institution linked to a State Health Secretariat, which supports the full development of the critical, creative and humanistic potential of professors and students. However, this challenges the scientific consistency and disruptive nature of their products and processes.


Asunto(s)
Educación de Postgrado/métodos , Docentes/educación , Investigadores/educación , Brasil , Salud de la Familia/educación , Humanos , Universidades
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