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1.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 100(2): 28-31, 2021.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33874657

RESUMEN

THE AIM OF THE STUDY: Was to analyze the efficacy of interactive continuous medical education (CME) in dentist in the Russian Federation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study assessed statistical data provided by Continuous Medical and Pharmaceutical Education Center of Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University. RESULTS: The rate of dentists involved in CME is the greatest in Central (29%), Volga (21%) and Siberian (13%) federal districts and the lowest in North Caucasian (3%) federal district. The involvement in CME among dentists is more than 65% registered in an active five-year cycle. Most of the registered in an active five-year cycle work in state institutions. The most popular among dentists are interactive educational modules. Conclusion. Average dentist involved in CME lives Central federal district, works in a state institution, and prefers interactive educational modules to other educational elements.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Farmacia , Odontólogos , Humanos , Hígado , Federación de Rusia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(10): e24881, 2021 Mar 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725844

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: We sought to analyze the current situation of personnel training and scientific research regarding pharmacy intravenous admixture services (PIVAS), to provide evidence-based medical knowledge to inform personnel training for PIVAS in mainland China.A cross-sectional survey was used to examine the current status of PIVAS personnel training, research capabilities, needs, and research output of PIVAS personnel based from the perspective of leaders in PIVAS in China. The survey period was from March to April 2019.A total of 137 hospitals in China participated in this survey. The main training content areas of PIVAS staff in each hospital were professional theoretical knowledge (100.00%, 137/137) and practical operation ability (98.54%, 135/137). The frequency of training was typically 1 to 2 times/month (56.9%, 78/137). The average duration of a single training session was typically 1 h or less (68.6%, 94/137). The most common forms of PIVAS training were lectures (94.89%, 130/137) and practical operations (79.56%, 109/137). A total of 51.8% (71/137) of PIVAS leaders believed that PIVAS personnel had a high degree of scientific research needs, but 61.3% (84/137) believed that few personnel had mastered scientific research methodology, and 41.6% (57/137) believed that the scientific research ability of personnel was relatively poor. Among PIVAS personnel, only 38.7% (53/137) had specialized scientific training. The annual total SCI output was 0 to 18 articles (median 0 articles) and the total number of national-level funding grants was 0 to 2 (median 0). There were no significant differences in the training of PIVAS personnel and scientific research between different provinces and hospital levels.The training content of PIVAS personnel in China was found to be relatively rich, but management tools, career development, and training in scientific research were found to be relatively weak, and the scientific research output was very low. It is necessary to build a comprehensive training system for career development among PIVAS personnel.


Asunto(s)
Investigación Biomédica/educación , Composición de Medicamentos/normas , Educación en Farmacia , Servicio de Farmacia en Hospital/normas , Técnicos de Farmacia/educación , Administración Intravenosa , China , Estudios Transversales , Humanos
5.
Recenti Prog Med ; 112(1): 22-24, 2021 01.
Artículo en Italiano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33512355

RESUMEN

The output of medical and scientific literature is on the rise and the health emergency caused by the covid-19 pandemic has led to a further growth in the number of articles published each year in International medical journals. Finding your way around this ocean of information is very difficult: the critical evaluation of scientific documentation requires time and specific skills, which are not easy to acquire. In addition to doctors and nurses, hospital and clinical pharmacists also struggle to keep up to date. Also for this reason, many institutions and various players in the publishing arena are developing tools that enable health personnel to access the best scientific knowledge, minimizing the risk inherent in the individually performed evaluation of evidence. In any case, it is essential to reconsider and update the methods of continuous education of the hospital pharmacist, also considering the changes that have taken place in his role, now integrated into the clinical teams together with the other professionals who guarantee health care.


Asunto(s)
Educación Continua , Educación en Farmacia , Conducta en la Búsqueda de Información , Pandemias , Farmacéuticos , Servicio de Farmacia en Hospital , Educación en Farmacia/métodos , Medicina Basada en la Evidencia , Personal de Salud/educación , Humanos , Difusión de la Información , Internet , Revisión de la Investigación por Pares , Guías de Práctica Clínica como Asunto , Edición/normas , Edición/tendencias , Teléfono Inteligente , Pensamiento
6.
Sr Care Pharm ; 36(2): 93-96, 2021 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509332

RESUMEN

Transitions of care (TOC) is becoming an essential component of pharmacy practice, and requires problem solving that is difficult to learn in the classroom. My unique experience of interning in community and inpatient settings along with doing my own TOC research with geriatric patients has allowed me to see patients throughout the spectrum of health care, and how discrepancies arise as they move between settings. This manuscript will provide insight to pharmacy students about why TOC is a critical area for pharmacist involvement, and how we must be prepared to guide patients through these transitions as we become new practitioners.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Farmacia/métodos , Transferencia de Pacientes/métodos , Estudiantes de Farmacia , Anciano , Curriculum , Geriatría , Humanos , Servicios Farmacéuticos
7.
Farm. comunitarios (Internet) ; 13(1): 17-23, ene. 2021. graf, tab
Artículo en Español | IBECS | ID: ibc-199748

RESUMEN

INTRODUCCIÓN: la labor del farmacéutico comunitario en el Servicio de Indicación Farmacéutica (SIF) es muy importante como primera línea de asistencia a la población, aunque no está suficientemente documentada. OBJETIVOS: evaluar la intervención del farmacéutico comunitario en el SIF ante una consulta sobre enfermedad de ojo seco (EOS) con el uso de protocolos. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: estudio descriptivo, observacional realizado dentro del programa I-VALOR (enero-junio 2015). Los participantes fueron farmacéuticos voluntarios y pacientes que solicitaron algún remedio para aliviar la EOS. Se utilizó el protocolo del SIF del Foro de Atención Farmacéutica en Farmacia Comunitaria, un consenso para EOS realizado entre sociedades científicas, una hoja de derivación, un informe para el paciente y una hoja de recomendaciones. RESULTADOS: participaron 6.350 pacientes. 62,7 % consultas fueron realizadas por mujeres (24,3 % 46-65 años). El 60 % de los pacientes no presentaba ningún criterio de derivación. Se detectaron 3.887 criterios de derivación en 2.537 pacientes. Se decidió no derivar al 15,4 %, y del resto, 87,3 % aceptó la derivación. La dispensación de algún tratamiento tuvo lugar en el 80 % de los pacientes: 3.157 con tratamiento farmacológico (89,2 % un único medicamento) y 2.403 con tratamiento no farmacológico. El 35 % recibió consejos higiénico-dietéticos y consejo farmacéutico. Se detectaron 25 reacciones adversas a medicamentos (0,4 %). El 70,5 % de todas las consultas realizadas fueron resueltas sin necesidad de derivar al médico. CONCLUSIONES: el programa I-VALOR para EOS ha permitido evaluar la intervención protocolizada del farmacéutico en EOS mediante el registro de las actuaciones farmacéuticas para demostrar la labor desarrollada desde la farmacia comunitaria


BACKGROUND: Minor ailment service offered in community pharmacist is a key element in patient care. Thought in Spain the service is not properly documented. AIMS: The main objective was to evaluate community pharmacists' interventions through an agreed minor ailment service for dry eye syndromes (DES). METHOD: Descriptive study undertaken alongside I-VALOR programme (January-June 2015). Participants were pharmacists from SEFAC who voluntarily decided to do, and patients were those who consulted about DES in community pharmacy. Pharmacists used the Pharmaceutical Care Forum guideline for the Minor Ailment Service and an agreed consensus between pharmaceutical and medical societies. A patient's form and a referral's form were designed. RESULTS: There were 6,350 patients involved. 62.7% consultations were made by women 24.3% of 46-65 years old). No referral criteria were detected in 60% of patients. The pharmacist detected 3,887 referral criteria in 2,537 patients. Pharmacists decided not to refer 15.4% of those patients. 87.3% of the patients referred accepted the referral. Treatments were dispensed in 80% of patients: 3,157 pharmacological treatment (89.2% a single medication) and 2,403 non-pharmacological treatment (medical device, food supplement or eye cleaning product). 35% received hygienic-dietary advice and pharmaceutical advice. Twenty-five adverse drug reactions were detected (0.4%). 70.5% of all consultations made were managed with no referral to a general practitioner (GP). CONCLUSIONS: I-VALOR programme allowed to evaluate an agreed intervention for DES in community pharmacy through the record of MAS to demonstrate CP contribution to manage minor ailments


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Farmacias/organización & administración , Xeroftalmia/diagnóstico , Xeroftalmia/tratamiento farmacológico , Comercialización de Productos , Servicios Comunitarios de Farmacia/estadística & datos numéricos , Farmacias/normas , Educación en Farmacia/organización & administración , Buenas Prácticas de Dispensación , Utilización de Medicamentos/normas , Asignación de Recursos para la Atención de Salud/normas , Automedicación , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Servicios Comunitarios de Farmacia/economía
8.
Bull Cancer ; 108(1): 23-29, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358508

RESUMEN

The initiative from patients suffering from cancer or having had the disease in speaking about their illness to medical students during an internship in a cancer control center of the faculty of medicine and to pharmacy students at the university of Strasbourg was implemented in 2014. This action was coordinated by the French Cancer League as part of the National French cancer plan 3. After training, ten patients teachers were able to freely and spontaneously explain their diagnostic and therapeutic journey as well as their feelings about the disease and their relationship with their oncologists in front of 187 medical students and 131 pharmacy students. A moderator, often a former cancer teacher, helped coordinate the discussions. Questionnaires were given to students, patients teachers and moderators in order to assess the merits of the action and the expected benefits at the end of the training. A second questionnaire was sent to the students six months after the interviews. The assessment was made by an independent firm. The students' responses were very favorable and this training met their expectations in almost 98% of the cases and 1/3 of the students were destabilized by this training. Patients teacher were very satisfied with their intervention and felt that they were able to convey a message. Six months later, the 30% of student respondents said that these testimonies had or could have an impact on their practices. This is the first assessment of the interest of resource patients in teaching cancer patients about medical and pharmacy students.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Farmacia/métodos , Oncología Médica/educación , Participación del Paciente/métodos , Estudiantes de Medicina , Estudiantes de Farmacia , Personal Docente , Humanos , Narrativas Personales como Asunto , Estudiantes de Medicina/psicología , Estudiantes de Farmacia/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/estadística & datos numéricos
9.
BMJ Open ; 10(12): e039459, 2020 12 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33323431

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the attitudes of undergraduate pharmacy students towards patient safety in six developing countries. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Participants were enrolled from the participating universities in six countries. PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduate pharmacy students from the participating universities in six developing countries (Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Qatar, India and Indonesia) were invited to participate in the study between October 2018 and September 2019. PRIMARY OUTCOME: Attitudes towards patient safety was measured using 14-item questionnaire that contained five subscales: being quality-improvement focused, internalising errors regardless of harm, value of contextual learning, acceptability of questioning more senior healthcare professionals' behaviour and attitude towards open disclosure. Multiple-linear regression analysis was used to identify predictors of positive attitudes towards patient safety. RESULTS: A total of 2595 students participated in this study (1044 from Jordan, 514 from Saudi Arabia, 134 from Kuwait, 61 from Qatar, 416 from India and 429 from Indonesia). Overall, the pharmacy students reported a positive attitude towards patient safety with a mean score of 37.4 (SD=7.0) out of 56 (66.8%). The 'being quality-improvement focused' subscale had the highest score, 75.6%. The subscale with the lowest score was 'internalising errors regardless of harm', 49.2%. Female students had significantly better attitudes towards patient safety scores compared with male students (p=0.001). Being at a higher level of study and involvement in or witnessing harm to patients while practising were important predictors of negative attitudes towards patient safety (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Patient safety content should be covered comprehensively in pharmacy curricula and reinforced in each year of study. This should be more focused on students in their final year of study and who have started their training. This will ensure that the next generation of pharmacists are equipped with the requisite knowledge, core competencies and attitudes to ensure optimal patient safety when they practice.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud , Educación en Farmacia , Seguridad del Paciente , Estudiantes de Farmacia , Estudios Transversales , Países en Desarrollo , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , India , Indonesia , Masculino , Medio Oriente , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
12.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(11): 1389-1396, 2020.
Artículo en Japonés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33132275

RESUMEN

A questionnaire survey was conducted with pharmacy students to obtain useful information for preparing teaching materials in the field of pharmaceutical laws. We conducted a customer satisfaction (CS) analysis by asking pharmacy students to evaluate whether the teaching materials used in the Pharmaceutical Laws class at Kitasato University were effective in promoting learning and understanding. In addition, we asked them about their impressions of attending the Pharmaceutical Laws class and analyzed their freely described answers. The CS analysis suggested teaching materials that included case studies of pharmaceutical law judgments and violations may have been useful for learning this subject. Furthermore, the text analysis showed many of the participants believed the contents of the teaching materials were difficult. Therefore, it is necessary to redesign the contents so that learning can progress step by step from the basic items. In addition, since some students recognized that the subject could be memorized, it is possible they can convey only what they remember and not what they had learned or what knowledge they could use in other contexts and situations. Therefore, it is necessary to clearly present the learning objectives for each item in lesson's teaching materials.


Asunto(s)
Educación en Farmacia/legislación & jurisprudencia , Educación en Farmacia/métodos , Legislación Farmacéutica , Estudiantes de Farmacia/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Materiales de Enseñanza , Adolescente , Adulto , Análisis por Conglomerados , Comprensión , Femenino , Humanos , Aprendizaje , Masculino , Satisfacción Personal , Adulto Joven
16.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(10): 1275-1284, 2020.
Artículo en Japonés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999206

RESUMEN

In April 2018, as part of their fifth-year pre-clinical education curriculum, pharmacy students at Setsunan University attended a lecture presented by hepatitis B patients and their lawyer entitled "Lecture by Hepatitis B Patients". This lecture was intended to help the students to understand the circumstances and difficulties encountered by hepatitis B patients on a daily basis. For this study, we conducted questionnaire surveys of the pharmacy students before and after the lecture. The survey items pertained to students' knowledge about hepatitis B (e.g., its spread and infection possibility in daily life). Students' responses before and after the lecture varied depending on the survey topic. Hepatitis B knowledge acquired by the students in their junior year increased after the lecture; moreover, attitudes to hepatitis B patients and understanding of the difficulties and prejudice that they experienced showed a significant change. For example, responses to the items, "Feel sympathy for patients suffering from discrimination and prejudice" and "Hard to work…" were much more sympathetic after the lecture; additionally, students were less likely to "Fear infection when near patients" and more likely "… to associate with patients". Thus, the "Lecture by Hepatitis B Patients" had a significant impact on the pharmacy students' perceptions of these patients, allowing them to cultivate greater empathy. From an educational standpoint, it is of the utmost importance for pharmacy/medical students to develop their humanity as members of healthcare teams. Educational real-world experiences, such as the "Lecture by Hepatitis B Patients", provide opportunities for this development.


Asunto(s)
Actividades Cotidianas , Educación en Farmacia/métodos , Empatía , Hepatitis B/psicología , Participación del Paciente/métodos , Pacientes/psicología , Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas/métodos , Relaciones Profesional-Paciente , Estudiantes de Farmacia/psicología , Actitud Frente a la Salud , Curriculum , Humanos , Conocimiento , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
17.
Sr Care Pharm ; 35(11): 467-468, 2020 Nov 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121564

RESUMEN

In these unprecedented times, we need to examine how to adjust our industries and enterprises, including the interlinked areas of health and education, to better respond to the needs that have arisen with the ongoing pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Educación en Farmacia/tendencias , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Betacoronavirus , Humanos
18.
Sr Care Pharm ; 35(11): 473-475, 2020 Nov 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121566

RESUMEN

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted pharmacists in a variety of ways, including increased workloads, reduced hours, and ever-changing recommendations for managing this unique infection. Trainees, both students and residents, have also dealt with numerous challenges and changes during this pandemic.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Educación en Farmacia/tendencias , Internado y Residencia/tendencias , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Carga de Trabajo
19.
Sr Care Pharm ; 35(11): 476-478, 2020 Nov 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121567

RESUMEN

The pharmacy degree at Monash University is a four year undergraduate Bachelor of Pharmacy with Honours (BPharm(Hons)), followed by a one year Master of Pharmacy incorporating a preregistration year of supervised practice, known in Australia as internship. The first cohort of the BPharm(Hons) will graduate in 2020. A key principle of the new curriculum was that clinical experiential placements should commence early in the curriculum, be fully integrated with the didactic curriculum, and prepare students for internship by developing their competence in performing useful and relevant tasks in the workplace. Entrustable Professional Activities (EPA) are used as the framework for their experiences.


Asunto(s)
Competencia Clínica , Infecciones por Coronavirus , Educación en Farmacia/tendencias , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Australia , Betacoronavirus , Curriculum , Humanos
20.
Sr Care Pharm ; 35(11): 484-486, 2020 Nov 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121570

RESUMEN

The pandemic has affected all walks of life and businesses, including education at all levels. Movement controls have forced the schools and universities to migrate the teaching and learning to be fully online. Some universities in large cities in Malyasia had already implemented blended learning and thus, were better prepared to adjust to the current situation. However, the universities, which practiced mainly traditional didactic courses, were struggling to suddenly change the mode of delivery. Many relied on the creativity of the lecturers and students.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Coronavirus , Educación en Farmacia/tendencias , Pandemias , Neumonía Viral , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Indonesia/epidemiología , Malasia/epidemiología
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