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PLoS One ; 16(1): e0244925, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33400722


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly contagious illness that spreads rapidly through human-to-human transmission. On March 5, the government of Palestine declared a state of emergency in order to curb the spread of the virus, a declaration that it extended for a fifth time on July 5th. The degree to which a population complies with corresponding safety measures is surely affected by the people's knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) towards the disease. To explore this hypothesis, we gathered data from 1,731 Palestinians between April 19thand May 1st, 2020 through a KAP questionnaire. The participant pool represented a stratified sample of Palestinians living across a number of governorates in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, with 36.5% from Gaza and (63.5%) from the West Bank. Gender was almost equally distributed within the sample with (51%) men respondents and (49%) women respondent. The questionnaire included 17 questions about participants' knowledge and awareness of COVID-19, 17 questions regarding the safety measures they had taken in the wake of the outbreak and 3 questions asking them to assess the efficacy of the government's response to the pandemic. Our data shows that 79% of the respondents have good awareness about transmission of the virus, 55.6% were knowledgeable of the symptoms exhibited by an infected individual, 81% were aware of the preventative measures and 82% demonstrated awareness of the risk groups. Most participants complied with preventative measures (77%) and 62% the study participants agreed that stricter measures have to be enforced by the government to limit the spread of the virus. Our study revealed that younger participants and people with higher educational level demonstrated more awareness of the virus. Also, Women were reported to be more aware of preventative measures and to have complied more with good practices. We report that residents of the West Bank have complied more with the right practices when compared to residents of Gaza. Based on the results of this study, we conclude that health education programs aimed at improving the public's understanding of COVID-19 are important in helping the population maintain appropriate practices and should be target people with lower educational level, and that findings such as those discussed in this report may provide valuable feedback to lawmakers working to stop the spread of the virus.

/psicología , Adulto , Árabes/educación , Árabes/psicología , /prevención & control , Estudios Transversales , Escolaridad , Femenino , Educación en Salud , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Medio Oriente/epidemiología , Pandemias/prevención & control , Factores de Riesgo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
Clin Ter ; 171(1): e30-e36, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33346323


Midwives are multifaceted healthcare professionals whose competence spectrum includes a large variety of knowledge and skills going from antenatal care to education and research. The aim of this review is to suggest the future challenges midwives are going to face in the upcoming decade of this Century. COVID-19 and other infections will reasonably impact healthcare workers all over the world. Midwives are frontline healthcare professionals who are constantly at risk of contagion as their job implies close contact with women, physical support and hand touch. Also, menstruation waste plays a large role in the pollution of waters, severely impacting hygiene in the developing countries and fueling climate change. Appropriate disposal of used menstrual material is still insufficient in many countries of the world especially because of lack of sanitary education on girls. As educators, midwives will be more involved into preventing inappropriate disposal of menstrual hygiene devices by educating girls around the world about the green alternatives to the commercial ones. Despite the evidences about the fertility decrement that occurs with aging, women keep postponing reproduction and increasing their chance being childless or suffering complications related to the advanced maternal age. Teen pregnancies are as well an important issue for midwives who will be called to face more age-related issues and use a tailored case to case approach, enhancing their family planning skills. Another crucial role of midwifery regards the information about the risk of drinking alcohol during gestation. Alcohol assumption during pregnancy is responsible for serious damage to the fetus causing a wide range of pathological conditions related to Fetal Alcoholic Spectrum Disorder, leading cause of mental retardation in children of western countries. On the whole, midwives have demonstrated their willingness to expand their practice through continuing professional development, and through specialist and advanced roles especially in preventive and educational positions.

Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas , Educación en Salud , Edad Materna , Partería , Adolescente , Cambio Climático , Femenino , Productos para la Higiene Femenina , Humanos , Embarazo , Complicaciones del Embarazo/prevención & control , Embarazo en Adolescencia , Rol Profesional , Eliminación de Residuos
Health Commun ; 36(1): 42-49, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225758


COVID-19 created a substantial set of challenges for health communication practitioners in the process of planning, implementing, and evaluating entertainment-education (EE) campaigns. EE is a theory and evidence-based communication strategy that employs entertainment media for educational messaging. Here, we briefly review EE campaigns in response to previous health emergencies and present three cases of EE responses to the COVID-19 pandemic from leading global organizations (PCI Media, BBC Media Action, and Sesame Workshop). Responses ranged from adaptation and re-distribution of existing content to creating new content under social-distancing restrictions and utilizing transmedia. These cases demonstrate that EE initiatives responding to future pandemics may be well served by starting with existing infrastructure to quickly build capacity, support, and trust; working with partners to tailor programs to the local context; and continuing to focus on good storytelling while simultaneously considering evolving media formats and theory.

/epidemiología , Comunicación en Salud/métodos , Educación en Salud/organización & administración , Medios de Comunicación de Masas , Narración , Creación de Capacidad , Competencia Cultural , Humanos , Estudios de Casos Organizacionales , Pandemias , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Confianza
Clin Sports Med ; 40(1): 159-171, 2021 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187606


Concussion remains a common injury among sports participants. Implementing risk-reduction strategies for sport-related concussion (SRC) should be a priority of medical professionals involved in the care of athletes. Over the past few decades, a multifaceted approach to reducing SRC risk has been developed. Protective equipment, rule and policy change/enforcement, educational programs, behavioral modifications, legislation, physiologic modifications, and sport culture change are a few of the programs implemented to mitigate SRC risk. In this article, the authors critically review current SRC risk-reduction strategies and offer insight into future directions of injury prevention for SRC.

Traumatismos en Atletas/prevención & control , Conmoción Encefálica/prevención & control , Educación en Salud , Humanos , Cultura Organizacional , Equipos de Seguridad , Política Pública , Factores de Riesgo , Deportes/legislación & jurisprudencia , Equipo Deportivo , Medicina Deportiva/organización & administración
Trials ; 21(1): 1025, 2020 Dec 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33323130


BACKGROUND: Entertainment-education (E-E) media can improve behavioral intent toward health-related practices. In the era of COVID-19, millions of people can be reached by E-E media without requiring any physical contact. We have designed a short, wordless, animated video about preventive COVID-19 behaviors that can be rapidly distributed through social media channels to a global audience. The E-E video's effectiveness, however, remains unclear. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a multi-site, parallel group, randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of an E-E video on COVID-19 against (i) an attention placebo control (APC) video and (ii) no video. For our primary outcomes, we will measure knowledge about preventive COVID-19 behaviors. We will also use a list randomization approach to measure behavioral intent toward preventative COVID-19 behaviors. In each trial arm, participants will be randomized to a control list or a control list plus an item about social distancing, washing hands, cleaning household surfaces, sharing of eating utensils, and the stockpiling of essential goods. Using an online platform, we will recruit 17,010 participants (aged 18-59 years) from the USA, the UK, Germany, Spain, France, and Mexico. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trials Register #DRKS00021582 . Registered on May 12, 2020. DISCUSSION: This trial will utilize several randomization procedures, list experimentation methods, and state-of-the-art online technology to demonstrate the effectiveness of an E-E video to improve knowledge of, and behavioral intent toward, the prevention of COVID-19. Our results will inform future E-E video campaigns for COVID-19 and similar public health intervention needs.

/prevención & control , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles , Educación en Salud/métodos , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Películas Cinematográficas , /transmisión , Desinfección , Desinfección de las Manos , Humanos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Medios de Comunicación Sociales
J Dent Child (Chic) ; 87(3): 153-158, 2020 Sep 15.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33349299


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine which mode of education given to mothers of newborns resulted in the greatest compliance for establishing an age one dental visit and identify reasons why mothers do not bring their child for their first dental visit.
Methods: Several modes of education presented information to mothers: (1) written literature provided by a nurse; (2) a nurse verbally presenting and providing literature; (3) a resident verbally presenting and providing literature; and (4) control-no education. The chi-square test of homogeneity was utilized to determine if there was a difference in compliance to make an age one dental appointment.
Results: The retained sample consisted of 277 children evaluated between 2014 and 2018. There was no statistical difference between the educational methods regarding compliance to make an age one dental visit (P >0.05). There was a significant difference between marital status (P =0.0005), with 95 percent of single mothers likely to schedule the visit.
Conclusion: No particular maternal educational method resulted in greater compliance with scheduling an age one dental visit. Single mothers were more likely to schedule the visit. The primary reason for not visiting was a lack of primary care provider recommendations.

Educación en Salud , Madres , Factores de Edad , Niño , Escolaridad , Femenino , Humanos , Recién Nacido , Salud Bucal , Embarazo
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243599, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338035


It is known that the new coronavirus (COVID-19) is disproportionately affecting the elderly, those with underlying medical conditions, and the poor. What is the effect of informing the public about these inequalities on people's perceptions of threat and their sensitivity to the outbreak's human toll? This study answers this question using a novel survey experiment and finds that emphasis on the unequal aspect of the pandemic, especially as it relates to the elderly and those with medical conditions, could be causing the public to become less concerned about the outbreak and its human toll. Discussion situates this finding in the literature on scientific communication and persuasion and explains why language that emphasizes the impact of the virus on all of us-rather than singling out certain groups-could be more effective in increasing caution among the general public and make them take the situation more seriously.

/epidemiología , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Educación en Salud/métodos , Pandemias , Opinión Pública , Anciano , Brotes de Enfermedades , Grupos Étnicos , Equidad en Salud , Disparidades en el Estado de Salud , Humanos , Modelos Lineales , Salud Poblacional , Salud Pública , Clase Social , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(suppl 2): e20200593, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33295387


OBJECTIVE: Describe the experience of extension activities in the prevention of COVID-19 with children from public school system. METHODS: Experience report of critical and reflexive approach on the extension experience of the project "Healthcare at School" (Atenção à Saúde na Escola), in the COVID-19 pandemic context, in a countryside town in the State of Goias, in March 2020. RESULTS: It is carried out five hand sanitizing workshops as a prevention for COVID-19 with 57 children from 2 to 5 years old in the State of Goias. FINAL CONSIDERATIONS: The playful approach in a low-cost workshop format was a strategy to meet an emergency requirement of the Community in the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic.

/prevención & control , Desinfección de las Manos , Educación en Salud/métodos , Pandemias , Brasil/epidemiología , Preescolar , Educación en Salud/organización & administración , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Humanos , Sector Público , Instituciones Académicas
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 6265, 2020 12 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33293538


Cell and gene therapies offer opportunities for treating disease with potential to restore function, and cure disease. However, they are not without risk and pose complex logistical, economic, ethical and social challenges for health systems. Here we report our systematic review of the current evidence on patient and public knowledge and perspectives of cell and gene therapies, to inform future research, education and awareness raising activities. We screened 10,735 titles and abstracts, and evaluated the full texts of 151 publications. The final selection was 35 publications. Four themes were generated from the narrative synthesis of the study findings namely: (1) Knowledge and understanding of cell and gene therapies, (2) Acceptance of cell and gene therapies (3) Understanding of risk and benefits of therapy, and (4) Information needs and current sources of information. As potential funders or future recipients, it is important that the public and patients are aware of these therapies, understand the issues involved, and can contribute to the debate. This review highlights the need for appropriate patient and public education on the various aspects of cell and gene therapies. High quality studies exploring patient and public opinions and experiences of cell and gene therapy are required. Patient and public perceptions of these therapies, alongside evidence of clinical and cost-effectiveness, will be central to their uptake and use.

Trasplante de Células/métodos , Prestación de Atención de Salud/ética , Terapia Genética/métodos , Opinión Pública , Trasplante de Células/efectos adversos , Trasplante de Células/economía , Trasplante de Células/ética , Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Prestación de Atención de Salud/economía , Terapia Genética/efectos adversos , Terapia Genética/economía , Terapia Genética/ética , Educación en Salud , Humanos , Educación del Paciente como Asunto , Investigación Cualitativa
Prev Chronic Dis ; 17: E158, 2020 12 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33301390


The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) crisis has disproportionately affected the African American population. To mitigate the disparities, we deployed an emergency preparedness strategy within an existing community-based participatory research (CBPR) partnership among African American churches to disseminate accurate COVID-19 information. We used the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Crisis and Emergency Risk Communication framework to conduct a needs assessment, distribute emergency preparedness manuals, and deliver COVID-19-related messaging among African American churches via electronic communication platforms. A needs assessment showed that the top 3 church emergency resource needs were financial support, food and utilities, and COVID-19 health information. During an 8-week period (April 3-May 31, 2020), we equipped 120 churches with emergency preparedness manuals and delivered 230 messages via social media (Facebook) and email. For reach, we estimated that 6,539 unique persons viewed content on the Facebook page, and for engagement, we found 1,260 interactions (eg, likes, loves, comments, shares, video views, post clicks). Emails from community communication leaders reached an estimated 12,000 church members. CBPR partnerships can be effectively leveraged to promote emergency preparedness and communicate risk among under-resourced communities during a pandemic.

Afroamericanos , Defensa Civil , Investigación Participativa Basada en la Comunidad , Religión , Comunicación , Educación en Salud , Promoción de la Salud , Disparidades en el Estado de Salud , Humanos , Medios de Comunicación Sociales
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0244172, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338064


OBJECTIVES: To explore coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related stigma and its associated factors among Egyptian physicians. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using an anonymous online questionnaire was conducted from 7 to 21 June 2020. The survey was distributed via social media and email to physicians working in Egypt through convenience sampling. RESULTS: 509 physicians participated in the study (mean age: 41.5±10.2). 138 (27.1%) participants were directly involved in the care of COVID-19 patients. 159 (31.2%) participants reported severe level of COVID-19-related stigma. Participants' mean overall COVID-19-related stigma score was 40.6±8.0. The mean subscale scores were: personalized stigma 26.0±5.7, disclosure concerns 9.3±2.2, negative self-image 6.9±1.6, and concern with public attitudes 24.4±4.9. In the multivariable regression analyses, the overall COVID-19-related stigma score was higher in participants with lower qualifications (ß = -0.19, 95% CI: 2.32, -0.64, p = 0.001), and in those working in a quarantine hospital (ß = 0.08, 95% CI: 0.01, 7.14, p = 0.050). CONCLUSIONS: A considerable proportion of Egyptian physicians in this exploratory study experienced COVID-19-related stigmatization. These preliminary findings highlight the need for specific research and targeted interventions particularly addressing COVID-19-related stigmatization among healthcare workers.

/epidemiología , Personal de Salud/psicología , Estrés Laboral , Estigma Social , Estereotipo , Adulto , Anciano , Estudios Transversales , Egipto/epidemiología , Femenino , Educación en Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Mental , Persona de Mediana Edad , Análisis Multivariante , Pandemias , Proyectos Piloto , Salud Pública , Cuarentena , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Revelación de la Verdad , Adulto Joven
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180471, Jan.-Dec. 2020. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1059140


ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the knowledge of the elderly assisted by the Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde, SUS) about HIV/AIDS infection in a health unit, before and after an educational intervention. Method: a quasi-experimental study analyzing the changes related to the knowledge about HIV/AIDS of 60 elderly individuals divided into two groups, who participated in an educational intervention, in an outpatient clinic of a SUS rehabilitation center in the second half of 2016. To evaluate the effectiveness of the teaching/learning process, a semi-structured questionnaire called QHIV3I was applied before and after the intervention. For data analysis, the generalized version of McNemar's chi-square test was used. Results: comparing the knowledge of the elderly before and after the educational intervention showed a higher number of correct answers, with a minimum percentage of 3.34% and a maximum of 75%. Significant statistical differences were found in one of the questions in the concept, transmission and treatment domains; and in the two vulnerability questions. Conclusion: it was found that the educational intervention contributed to the improvement of knowledge about HIV/AIDS in the elderly population. Thus, it is reasserted that the health promotion policy finds its essential foundation in health education strategies.

RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar el conocimiento de los ancianos atendidos por el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) acerca de la infección por VIH/SIDA en una unidad de salud, tanto antes como después de una intervención educativa. Método: estudio cuasi-experimental en el que se analizaron los cambios relacionados con el conocimiento sobre VIH/SIDA de 60 ancianos subdivididos en dos grupos y que participaron de una intervención educativa en el área de atención ambulatoria de un centro especializado en rehabilitación del SUS, durante el segundo semestre de 2016. Para evaluar la eficacia del proceso de enseñanza/aprendizaje se aplicó un cuestionario semiestructurado denominado QHIV3I, antes y después de la intervención. En el análisis de los datos se utilizó la versión generalizada de la prueba de chi-cuadrado de McNemar. Resultados: en la comparación de los conocimientos de los ancianos antes y después de la intervención educativa se evidenció una mayor cantidad de respuestas correctas, con un porcentaje mínimo de 3,34% y uno máximo de 75%. Se encontraron diferencias significativas en una de las preguntas de los dominios de concepto y de transmisión y tratamiento, además de en las dos preguntas sobre vulnerabilidad. Conclusión: se constató que la intervención educativa contribuyó a mejorar los conocimientos sobre VIH/SIDA en la población de la tercera edad. Esto reafirma que la política de promoción de la salud encuentra sus fundamentos esenciales en las estrategias de educación en salud.

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar o conhecimento dos idosos atendidos pelo Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) acerca da infecção do HIV/aids numa unidade de saúde, antes e após intervenção educativa. Método: estudo quase-experimental, em que se analisou as mudanças relativas ao conhecimento sobre HIV/aids de 60 idosos subdivididos em dois grupos, que participaram de intervenção educativa, num ambulatório de um centro especializado em reabilitação do SUS no segundo semestre de 2016. Para avaliar a eficácia do processo de ensino/aprendizagem, aplicou-se questionário semiestruturado denominado QHIV3I, antes e após a intervenção. Na análise dos dados, utilizou-se a versão generalizada do teste qui-quadrado de McNemar. Resultados: a comparação dos conhecimentos dos idosos antes e depois da intervenção educativa evidenciaram maior número de acertos, com percentual mínimo de 3,34% e máximo de 75%. Diferenças estatísticas significativas foram encontradas em uma das questões nos domínios conceito, transmissão e tratamento; e nas duas questões sobre vulnerabilidade. Conclusão: constatou-se que a intervenção educativa contribuiu para o aprimoramento de conhecimentos sobre HIV/aids na população idosa. Com isso, reafirma-se que a política de promoção da saúde encontra nas estratégias de educação em saúde seu alicerce essencial.

Humanos , Anciano , Salud del Anciano , Educación en Salud , Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida , VIH , Sistema Único de Salud , Salud , Transmisión de Enfermedad Infecciosa , Promoción de la Salud , Aprendizaje
Rev. SPAGESP ; 21(2): 23-40, jul.-dez. 2020. ilus, tab
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas técnico-científicas | ID: biblio-1125729


Este estudo teve por objetivo realizar uma revisão sobre o emprego de grupos operativos, como um processo de intervenção ampliada na Atenção Básica em Saúde. Trata-se de uma pesquisa integrativa de natureza exploratória, de cunho descritivo e analítico. Foram incluídos nesse estudo 16 artigos, levando em consideração os critérios de inclusão e exclusão. Os grupos operativos têm sido amplamente empregados pelas Estratégias de Saúde da Família. Esse processo prático se mostrou eficiente em todos os estudos, alcançando resultados promissores na promoção, prevenção e educação em saúde. Sugerimos ser importante o desenvolvimento de espaços de capacitação dos profissionais que utilizam essa metodologia.

This study aimed to conduct a review of the historical social process in the use of operative groups, as a larger intervention process in Primary Health Care. It is an integrative, exploratory, descriptive, and analytical research. The study included 16 articles, considering account the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Operative groups have been widely employed by Family Health Strategies. This practice proved to be efficient in all studies, achieving promising results in promotion, prevention, and education health. We suggest that it is important to develop the training spaces of professionals who use this methodology.

Este estudio tuvo como objetivo realizar una revisión del proceso social histórico en el uso de grupos operativos, como un proceso de intervención mayor en atención primaria de salud. Se trata de una investigación exploratoria de integración, la naturaleza descriptiva y analítica. Los grupos operativos han sido ampliamente utilizados por la Estrategia Salud de la Familia. Esta práctica demostró ser eficiente en todos los estudios, logrando resultados prometedores en la promoción, prevención y educación de la salud. Sugerimos que es importante desarrollar la formación de profesionales que utilizan esta metodología.

Atención Primaria de Salud , Psicología , Salud de la Familia , Educación en Salud , Modelos de Atención de Salud , Grupos Profesionales
Texto & contexto enferm ; 29: e20180481, Jan.-Dec. 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1059142


ABSTRACT Objective: to investigate the knowledge and attitude of school adolescents regarding sexual violence. Method: a qualitative study with data gathering, based on Maurice Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception, conducted in April 2018 with 12 adolescents from a state school in Recife, using the focus group technique. For data systematization, thematic content analysis was used in the following steps: pre-analysis, material exploration, treatment of results and interpretation. Results: three thematic categories were established: adolescents' perceptions of sexual violence; reflective construction of adolescents on the factors of exposure to sexual violence; and facilitating aspects for the prevention of adolescent sexual violence. Conclusion: the perception of adolescents regarding sexual violence is influenced by cultural, structural, social, economic, psychological and biological aspects, which should be considered in the planning of actions aimed at preventing sexual violence for this public.

RESUMEN Objetivo: investigar el conocimiento y la actitud de los adolescentes escolares con respecto a la violência sexual. Método: un estudio cualitativo con captura de datos, basado en la Fenomenología de la percepción de Maurice Merleau-Ponty, realizado en abril de 2018 con 12 adolescentes de una escuela estatal en Recife, utilizando la técnica de grupos focales. Para la sistematización de datos, el análisis de contenido temático se utilizó en los siguientes pasos: preanálisis, exploración de materiales, tratamiento de resultados e interpretación. Resultados: se establecieron tres categorías temáticas: percepción de los adolescentes de la violencia sexual; construcción reflexiva de adolescentes sobre los factores de exposición a la violencia sexual; y facilitando aspectos para la prevención de la violencia sexual adolescente. Conclusión: la percepción de los adolescentes con respecto a la violencia sexual está influenciada por aspectos culturales, estructurales, sociales, económicos, psicológicos y biológicos, que deben tenerse en cuenta al planificar acciones destinadas a prevenir la violencia sexual para este público.

RESUMO Objetivo: investigar o conhecimento e a atitude de adolescentes escolares a respeito da violência sexual. Método: estudo qualitativo, com apreensão dos dados, embasada na Fenomenologia da Percepção de Maurice Merleau-Ponty, realizada em abril de 2018 com 12 adolescentes de uma escola estadual do Recife, por meio da técnica de grupo focal. Para sistematização dos dados, utilizou-se a análise de conteúdo temática nas seguintes etapas: pré-análise, exploração do material, tratamento dos resultados e interpretação. Resultados: foram estabelecidas três categorias temáticas: percepções dos adolescentes sobre violência sexual; construção reflexiva de adolescentes sobre os fatores de exposição à violência sexual; e aspectos facilitadores para a prevenção da violência sexual dos adolescentes. Conclusão: a percepção dos adolescentes em relação a violência sexual é influenciada por aspectos culturais, estruturais, sociais, econômicos, psicológicos e biológicos, que devem ser considerados no planejamento de ações que visem a prevenção da violência sexual para esse público.

Humanos , Adolescente , Delitos Sexuales , Educación en Salud , Adolescente , Enfermería , Promoción de la Salud