Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 18.060
Filtrar
1.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 24(1): 62, 2024 May 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38724932

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the anthropometric measures and pubertal growth of children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and to detect risk determinants affecting these measures and their link to glycemic control. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred children and adolescents were assessed using anthropometric measurements. Those with short stature were further evaluated using insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), bone age, and thyroid profile, while those with delayed puberty were evaluated using sex hormones and pituitary gonadotropins assay. RESULTS: We found that 12.5% of our patients were short (height SDS < -2) and IGF-1 was less than -2 SD in 72% of them. Patients with short stature had earlier age of onset of diabetes, longer duration of diabetes, higher HbA1C and urinary albumin/creatinine ratio compared to those with normal stature (p < 0.05). Additionally, patients with delayed puberty had higher HbA1c and dyslipidemia compared to those with normal puberty (p < 0.05). The regression analysis revealed that factors associated with short stature were; age at diagnosis, HbA1C > 8.2, and albumin/creatinine ratio > 8 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Children with uncontrolled T1DM are at risk of short stature and delayed puberty. Diabetes duration and control seem to be independent risk factors for short stature.


Asunto(s)
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Factor I del Crecimiento Similar a la Insulina , Pubertad , Humanos , Niño , Adolescente , Femenino , Masculino , Egipto/epidemiología , Factor I del Crecimiento Similar a la Insulina/metabolismo , Factor I del Crecimiento Similar a la Insulina/análisis , Pubertad/fisiología , Hormonas Esteroides Gonadales/sangre , Antropometría , Biomarcadores/sangre , Trastornos del Crecimiento/etiología , Trastornos del Crecimiento/diagnóstico , Estatura , Pubertad Tardía/etiología , Pubertad Tardía/diagnóstico , Pubertad Tardía/sangre , Pronóstico , Estudios Transversales , Estudios de Seguimiento , Péptidos Similares a la Insulina
2.
Viral Immunol ; 37(4): 186-193, 2024 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717821

RESUMEN

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) represented an international health risk. Variants of the interferon-induced transmembrane protein-3 (IFITM3) gene can increase the risk of developing severe viral infections. This cross-sectional study investigated the association between IFITM3 rs12252A>G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and COVID-19 severity and mortality in 100 Egyptian patients. All participants were subjected to serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) determination by ELISA and IFITM3 rs12252 genotyping by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Of all participants, 85.0% had the IFITM3 rs12252 homozygous AA genotype, whereas 15.0% had the heterozygous AG genotype. None of our participants had the homozygous GG genotype. The IFITM3 rs12252A allele was found in 92.5% and the G allele in only 7.5%. There was no significant association (p > 0.05) between the IFITM3 rs12252 SNP and COVID-19 severity, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, or IL-6 serum levels. The heterozygous AG genotype frequency showed a significant increase among participants who died (32.0%) compared with those who had been cured (9.3%). The mutant G allele was associated with patients' death. Its frequency among cured participants was 8.5%, whereas in those who died was 24.2% (p = 0.024) with 3.429 odds ratio [95% confidence interval: 1.1-10.4]. In conclusion, this study revealed a significant association between the G allele variant of IFITM3 rs12252 and COVID-19 mortality. However, results were unable to establish a significant link between rs12252 polymorphism, disease severity, ICU admission, or serum IL-6 levels.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Genotipo , Interleucina-6 , Proteínas de la Membrana , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Proteínas de Unión al ARN , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , COVID-19/mortalidad , COVID-19/genética , Femenino , Masculino , Egipto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Proteínas de la Membrana/genética , Adulto , Interleucina-6/sangre , Interleucina-6/genética , Estudios Transversales , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Proteínas de Unión al ARN/genética , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Alelos , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Frecuencia de los Genes , Anciano
3.
BMJ Open ; 14(5): e080592, 2024 May 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692713

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Falls are common in older people and individuals with neurological conditions. Parkinson's disease (PD) is known for postural instability causing mobility disabilities, falls and reduced quality of life. The fear of falling (FOF), a natural response to unstable balance, can worsen postural control problems. Evaluating FOF relies largely on affected persons' subjective accounts due to limited objective assessment methods available. The aim of this mixed-methods feasibility study is to develop an assessment method for FOF while in motion and walking within virtual environments. This study will assess a range of FOF-related responses, including cognitive factors, neuromuscular response and postural stability. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This feasibility study will consist of four phases: the first two phases will include people without PD, while the other two will include people diagnosed with PD. Participants will be assessed for direct and indirect responses to real life, as well as virtual environment walking scenarios that may induce FOF. Data from questionnaires, different neurophysiological assessments, movement and gait parameters, alongside evaluations of usability and acceptability, will be collected. Semistructured interviews involving both participants and research assistants shall take place to elicit their experiences throughout different phases of the assessments undertaken. Demographic data, the scores of assessment scales, as well as feasibility, usability and acceptability of the measurement methods, will be illustrated via descriptive statistics. Movement and gait outcomes, together with neurophysiological data, will be extracted and calculated. Exploring relationships between different factors in the study will be achieved using a regression model. Thematic analysis will be the approach used to manage qualitative data. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This feasibility study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Physical Therapy, Kafr El Sheikh University, Egypt (number: P.T/NEUR/3/2023/46). The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov Registry (NCT05931692).


Asunto(s)
Accidentes por Caídas , Miedo , Estudios de Factibilidad , Enfermedad de Parkinson , Equilibrio Postural , Realidad Virtual , Humanos , Enfermedad de Parkinson/psicología , Enfermedad de Parkinson/fisiopatología , Equilibrio Postural/fisiología , Accidentes por Caídas/prevención & control , Miedo/psicología , Egipto , Masculino , Femenino , Calidad de Vida , Anciano , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto , Caminata
4.
BMC Psychiatry ; 24(1): 363, 2024 May 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745314

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the prevalence of needle phobia among Saudi and Egyptian adult populations. In addition, underlying causes and strategies that can be utilized to address needle fear were investigated. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey study was conducted in Saudi Arabia and Egypt between 1 May and 30 June 2023. Participants aged 18 years and above and living in Saudi Arabia and Egypt were eligible to complete the survey. Participants were invited to participate in this study through social media platforms (Facebook, X, Snapchat, and Instagram). A convenience sampling technique was used to recruit the study participants. A 21-item questionnaire consisting of four sections including a Likert scale score was used to answer the research objectives. Numeric data were presented as mean ± SD. For categorical variables, percentages were used. Comparison between groups were made by Student's t-test or Mann Whitney test according to data distribution. Chi squared tests for categorical values were conducted. A binary logistic regression analysis was conducted to investigate factors associated with needle phobia. RESULTS: A total of 4065 participants were involved in this study (Saudi Arabia: 2628 and Egypt: 1437). Around one-third of the study participants (36.5%) confirmed that they have needle phobia. Most of the study participants (81.1%) reported that they have had needle phobia since they were under 18 years of age. Pain, general anxiety, and fear of making a mistake during the procedure were the most commonly reported contributors for fear of needles during or before a medical procedure. Around 15.8% of the study participants reported that they have tried to get rid of phobia from needles. Non-surgical alternatives (such as oral medications and patches) and using smaller/thinner needles were the most commonly reported interventions that reduced fear of needles. Binary logistic regression analysis identified that females, those who are aged (41-50 years), widowed, those with bachelor's degrees and higher education, and those unemployed were more likely to have needle phobia compared to others. CONCLUSION: Our study highlighted the high prevalence of needle fear within an adult population in Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Females, those who are aged (41-50 years), those widowed, those with higher education degrees, those unemployed, those working in the health sector and people with low income were more likely to have needle phobia compared to others.


Asunto(s)
Agujas , Trastornos Fóbicos , Humanos , Arabia Saudita/epidemiología , Femenino , Trastornos Fóbicos/epidemiología , Masculino , Adulto , Egipto/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Prevalencia , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto Joven , Adolescente , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
5.
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 18(4): 587-594, 2024 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728640

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Postoperative urinary retention (POUR) is a common complication after hip surgery. The enhanced recovery urinary protocol (ERUP) is a tool that employs several perioperative strategies to facilitate optimal conditions for surgery and recovery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ERUP on POUR in patients undergoing hip surgery. METHODOLOGY: A controlled pre- and post-quasi-experimental study was conducted. Data was collected between May 2018 and January 2019 at the orthopedic department of one of the largest teaching hospitals affiliated with Menoufia University in Egypt. A convenience sample of 100 Egyptian patients (of both genders) undergoing elective hip surgery was equally allocated into two groups. The control group (n = 50) was given traditional routine perioperative nursing care, while the intervention group (n = 50) was subjected to ERUP. Data was collected from socio-demographic, medical, and surgical data sheets, preoperative medication assessment sheets, postoperative data sheets, and fluid balance charts. RESULTS: ERUP application significantly reduced the length of hospital stay and the incidence of POUR in the intervention group. CONCLUSIONS: Implementation of the ERUP is recommended for patients undergoing hip surgery, as it has a significantly positive effect on reducing the incidence of POUR.


Asunto(s)
Complicaciones Posoperatorias , Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Complicaciones Posoperatorias/prevención & control , Egipto , Adulto , Tiempo de Internación , Retención Urinaria/etiología , Anciano , Cadera/cirugía , Incidencia
6.
Folia Med (Plovdiv) ; 66(2): 213-220, 2024 Apr 30.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38690816

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The density of breast tissue, radiologically referred to as fibroglandular mammary tissue, was found to be a predisposing factor for breast cancer (BC). However, the stated degree of elevated BC risk varies widely in the literature.


Asunto(s)
Densidad de la Mama , Neoplasias de la Mama , Mamografía , Humanos , Femenino , Neoplasias de la Mama/epidemiología , Neoplasias de la Mama/diagnóstico por imagen , Neoplasias de la Mama/patología , Egipto/epidemiología , Incidencia , Persona de Mediana Edad , Adulto , Anciano
7.
BMC Microbiol ; 24(1): 157, 2024 May 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38710998

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Clostridium perfringens, a common environmental bacterium, is responsible for a variety of serious illnesses including food poisoning, digestive disorders, and soft tissue infections. Mastitis in lactating cattle and sudden death losses in baby calves are major problems for producers raising calves on dairy farms. The pathogenicity of this bacterium is largely mediated by its production of various toxins. RESULTS: The study revealed that Among the examined lactating animals with a history of mastitis, diarrheal baby calves, and acute sudden death cases in calves, C. perfringens was isolated in 23.5% (93/395) of the total tested samples. Eighteen isolates were obtained from mastitic milk, 59 from rectal swabs, and 16 from the intestinal contents of dead calves. Most of the recovered C. perfringens isolates (95.6%) were identified as type A by molecular toxinotyping, except for four isolates from sudden death cases (type C). Notably, C. perfringens was recovered in 100% of sudden death cases compared with 32.9% of rectal swabs and 9% of milk samples. This study analyzed the phylogeny of C. perfringens using the plc region and identified the plc region in five Egyptian bovine isolates (milk and fecal origins). Importantly, this finding expands the known data on C. perfringens phospholipase C beyond reference strains in GenBank from various animal and environmental sources. CONCLUSION: Phylogenetic analyses of nucleotide sequence data differentiated between strains of different origins. The plc sequences of Egyptian C. perfringens strains acquired in the present study differed from those reported globally and constituted a distinct genetic ancestor.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones por Clostridium , Clostridium perfringens , Enteritis , Variación Genética , Mastitis Bovina , Leche , Filogenia , Animales , Clostridium perfringens/genética , Clostridium perfringens/aislamiento & purificación , Clostridium perfringens/clasificación , Clostridium perfringens/patogenicidad , Bovinos , Egipto , Femenino , Infecciones por Clostridium/microbiología , Infecciones por Clostridium/veterinaria , Leche/microbiología , Enteritis/microbiología , Enteritis/veterinaria , Mastitis Bovina/microbiología , Enfermedades de los Bovinos/microbiología , Heces/microbiología , Fosfolipasas de Tipo C/genética , Industria Lechera , Granjas , Toxinas Bacterianas/genética
8.
Expert Rev Vaccines ; 23(1): 561-569, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38695193

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Lower respiratory tract infection is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality all over the world, with a substantial impact on healthcare costs. In Egypt, local consensus on its burden, diagnosis, and vaccination is scarce. This expert opinion is the first to address the local recommendations for vaccinating adults against respiratory infection. It sheds light on the growing need to understand the barriers and underpublicized concept of adult vaccination in Egypt. AREAS COVERED: A collaborative multidisciplinary panel from Egypt developed an expert opinion-based suggestions/points, including epidemiology, microbiology, and highlights on vaccination in Egypt, as well as challenges and recommendations regarding adult vaccination. EXPERT OPINION: Adult vaccinations against respiratory infections are now recommended for high-risk people by all healthcare regulatory bodies. However, it was acknowledged that there may be hesitancy and concerns among patients; in addition, healthcare professionals' awareness about vaccination guidelines and benefits needs improvement. There are several strategies that could be implemented to enhance vaccine adherence in Egypt. These approaches encompass conducting community education programs, addressing the concerns of patients, and enhancing awareness among healthcare professionals through education, policy changes, and periodical reminders in each healthcare setting.


Asunto(s)
Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio , Vacunación , Humanos , Egipto/epidemiología , Infecciones del Sistema Respiratorio/prevención & control , Adulto , Vacilación a la Vacunación/estadística & datos numéricos , Testimonio de Experto , Personal de Salud , Vacunas/administración & dosificación
9.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10911, 2024 05 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38740880

RESUMEN

This study analyzed physical violence against physicians in Egypt from a medicolegal perspective. 88%, 42%, and 13.2% of participants were exposed to verbal, physical, and sexual violence. Concerning the tools of violence, 75.2% of attackers used their bodies. Blunt objects (29.5%), sharp instruments (7.6%), and firearm weapons (1.9%) were used. The commonest manners of attacks were pushing/pulling (44.8%), throwing objects (38.1%), and fists (30.5%). Stabbing (4.8%) and slashing (2.9%) with sharp instruments were also reported. Traumas were mainly directed towards upper limbs (43.8%), trunks (40%), and heads (28.6%). Considering immediate effects, simple injuries were reported that included contusions (22.9%), abrasions (16.2%), and cut wounds (1.9%). Serious injuries included firearm injuries (4.8%), internal organs injuries (3.8%), fractures (2.9%), and burns (1.9%). Most (90.5%) of injuries healed completely, whereas 7.6% and 1.9% left scars and residual infirmities, respectively. Only 14.3% of physicians proceeded to legal action. The current study reflects high aggression, which is disproportionate to legal actions taken by physicians. This medicolegal analysis could guide protective measures for healthcare providers in Egypt. In addition, a narrative review of studies from 15 countries pointed to violence against physicians as a worldwide problem that deserves future medicolegal analyses.


Asunto(s)
Médicos , Humanos , Egipto/epidemiología , Femenino , Masculino , Médicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Abuso Físico/estadística & datos numéricos , Abuso Físico/legislación & jurisprudencia , Persona de Mediana Edad , Heridas y Lesiones/epidemiología , Heridas y Lesiones/etiología , Adulto Joven
10.
Arch Microbiol ; 206(6): 250, 2024 May 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38722362

RESUMEN

The widespread evolution of phenotypic resistance in clinical isolates over the years, coupled with the COVID-19 pandemic onset, has exacerbated the global challenge of antimicrobial resistance. This study aimed to explore changes in bacterial infection patterns and antimicrobial resistance during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study involved the periods before and during COVID-19: the pre-pandemic and pandemic eras. The surveillance results of bacterial isolates causing infections in cancer patients at an Egyptian tertiary oncology hospital were retrieved. The Vitek®2 or Phoenix systems were utilized for species identification and susceptibility testing. Statistical analyses were performed comparing microbiological trends before and during the pandemic. Out of 2856 bacterial isolates, Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) predominated (69.7%), and Gram-positive bacteria (GPB) comprised 30.3% of isolates. No significant change was found in GNB prevalence during the pandemic (P = 0.159). Elevated rates of Klebsiella and Pseudomonas species were demonstrated during the pandemic, as was a decrease in E. coli and Acinetobacter species (P < 0.001, 0.018, < 0.001, and 0.046, respectively) in hematological patients. In surgical patients, Enterobacteriaceae significantly increased (P = 0.012), while non-fermenters significantly decreased (P = 0.007). GPB species from either hematological or surgical wards exhibited no notable changes during the pandemic. GNB resistance increased in hematological patients to carbapenems, amikacin, and tigecycline and decreased in surgical patients to amikacin and cefoxitin (P < 0.001, 0.010, < 0.001, < 0.001, and 0.016, respectively). The study highlights notable shifts in the microbial landscape during the COVID-19 pandemic, particularly in the prevalence and resistance patterns of GNB in hematological and surgical wards.


Asunto(s)
Antibacterianos , COVID-19 , Farmacorresistencia Bacteriana , SARS-CoV-2 , Centros de Atención Terciaria , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiología , Centros de Atención Terciaria/estadística & datos numéricos , Egipto/epidemiología , Antibacterianos/farmacología , SARS-CoV-2/efectos de los fármacos , Neoplasias , Pruebas de Sensibilidad Microbiana , Infecciones Bacterianas/epidemiología , Infecciones Bacterianas/microbiología , Infecciones Bacterianas/tratamiento farmacológico , Bacterias Gramnegativas/efectos de los fármacos , Bacterias Gramnegativas/aislamiento & purificación , Bacterias/efectos de los fármacos , Bacterias/aislamiento & purificación , Bacterias/clasificación , Bacterias Grampositivas/efectos de los fármacos , Bacterias Grampositivas/aislamiento & purificación , Instituciones Oncológicas , Pandemias
11.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38723257

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIM: This study evaluated the association between rs1396409 and rs9883258 and the risk of schizophrenia (SCZ) and treatment outcomes in Egyptian patients. METHODS: This study included 88 patients with SCZ and 88 healthy controls. Lipid profile was assayed. Genotyping of rs1396409 and rs9883258 polymorphisms was analyzed using real-time PCR. RESULTS: The rs1396409 AG genotype frequency was significantly associated with SCZ risk (p = 0.002). Also, significant increased risk of SCZ was observed under allelic (p = 0.001), dominant (p = 0.001) and overdominant (p = 0.001) genetic model of rs1396409. However, rs9883258 AA genotype revealed nonsignificant association with SCZ. Cases with the rs1396409AG genotype exhibited hypertriglyceridemia (p < 0.001) and hypercholesterolemia (p = 0.001). In total, 72.3% and 74.5% of the cases presented with rs1396409 AG have negative symptoms (p = 0.022) and exhibited poor drug response (p = 0.023), respectively; all cases with rs1396409 GG genotype attempted suicide (p = 0.002) and are drug-free (p = 0.003). SCZ patients with negative symptoms had hypercholesterolemia (p = 0.008) mainly low-density lipoproteins (LDLc) (p = 0.016), and those with cognitive symptoms presented with low level of high-density lipoprotein (HDLc) (p = 0.023). Moreover, the multivariate regression analysis revealed that both rs1396409 G allele and HDLc were predictors of SCZ (p = 0.003 and 0.001, resp.). CONCLUSION: The current study concluded that metabotropic glutamate receptor 7 (GRM7) rs1396409 AG could be a potential biomarker for SCZ diagnosis. It also revealed an independent association between the GRM7 rs1396409 G allele, HDLc and SCZ development.


Asunto(s)
Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Receptores de Glutamato Metabotrópico , Esquizofrenia , Humanos , Esquizofrenia/genética , Masculino , Femenino , Egipto , Adulto , Receptores de Glutamato Metabotrópico/genética , Resultado del Tratamiento , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Persona de Mediana Edad , Genotipo , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Alelos , Estudios de Asociación Genética
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 10159, 2024 05 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38698043

RESUMEN

Invasive alien species are becoming more and more prevalent worldwide, Erigeron bonariensis and Bidens pilosa are two invasive species of Asteraceae in Egypt. To mitigate their detrimental effects and understand their differences in invasiveness, we compared the allelopathic potentials of E. bonariensis and B. pilosa using leachates, decaying residues, and volatilization processes. Notably, the allelopathic variances in leachates were significant, influenced by plant types, concentrations, and response patterns of target plant traits, as indicated by EC50. The relative phytotoxicity of the invasive species decayed residues peaked between 20 and 25 days in the soil, with a positive correlation with concentrations and soil properties. The highest quantities of phenolic acids were chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid reaching (5.41 and 4.39 µg g-1) E. bonariensis and (4.53 and 4.46 µg g-1) B. pilosa, in leachates extracts respectively, while in the soil extract of decayed residues were coumaric acid and ferulic acid measuring (1.66 and 1.67 µg g-1) E. bonariensis and (1.47 and 1.57 µg g-1) B. pilosa, respectively. Using GC/MS analysis, the main volatile components in E. bonariensis were 1, 8 cineole (5.62%), and α-terpinene (5.43%) and iso-Caryophyllene (5.2%) which showed the greatest inhibitory effects. While B. pilosa main constituents were trans-sabinene (5.39%) and Camphene (5.11%), respectively. Finally, the high invasion level displayed from E. bonariensis (0.221) compared with B. pilosa (0.094) which correlated with the stronger allelopathic activities against plant species, and soil properties. Therefore, the allelopathic potentialities of these species are critically relevant to their invasion success.


Asunto(s)
Alelopatía , Bidens , Erigeron , Especies Introducidas , Suelo , Suelo/química , Erigeron/química , Egipto , Hidroxibenzoatos
13.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 614, 2024 May 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704785

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is often regarded as the prototypical manifestation of spondylo-arthropathies that prevalently involves the axial skeleton with the potential attribution of ERAP2 polymorphisms to AS predisposition. The purpose of this study was to determine the genetic association between ERAP2 gene rs2910686, and rs2248374 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and the risk of ankylosing spondylitis in the Egyptian population. METHODS AND RESULTS: A cross-sectional work involved 200 individuals: 100 AS individuals diagnosed based on modified New York criteria in 1984 with 100 healthy controls matched in age and gender. The study included a comprehensive evaluation of historical data, clinical examinations, and evaluation of the activity of the disease using the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI). A comprehensive laboratory and radiological evaluation were conducted, accompanied by an assessment and genotyping of the ERAP2 gene variants rs2248374 and rs2910686. This genotyping was performed utilizing a real-time allelic discrimination methodology.Highly statistically substantial variations existed among the AS patients and the healthy control group regarding rs2910686 and rs2248374 alleles. There was a statistically significant difference between rs2910686 and rs2248374 regarding BASDAI, BASFI, mSASSS, ASQoL, V.A.S, E.S.R, and BASMI in the active AS group. CONCLUSIONS: ERAP2 gene SNPs have been identified as valuable diagnostic biomarkers for AS patients in the Egyptian population being a sensitive and non-invasive approach for AS diagnosis especially rs2910686. Highly statistically significant variations existed among the AS patients and the healthy control group regarding rs2910686 alleles and genotypes.Further research is recommended to explore the potential therapeutic implications of these SNPs.


Asunto(s)
Aminopeptidasas , Predisposición Genética a la Enfermedad , Pueblo Norteafricano , Espondilitis Anquilosante , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Alelos , Aminopeptidasas/genética , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Estudios Transversales , Egipto/epidemiología , Frecuencia de los Genes/genética , Estudios de Asociación Genética/métodos , Genotipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleótido Simple , Espondilitis Anquilosante/genética
14.
Rev Int Androl ; 22(1): 8-16, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38735872

RESUMEN

Dopamine and prolactin are the key mediators involved in sexual function in both males and females, but the role of dopamine in female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is still unclear. The aim was to investigate the possible role of dopamine and their relationship with sex steroid hormones (estrogen, progesterone and dehydroepiandrosterone; DHEA) and prolactin levels in Egyptian women suffering from sexual dysfunction. This study included 84 women having sexual dysfunction (FSD group) and 84 normal sexual function (control group). All women were subjected to the questionnaire to assess their demographic and gynecological data as well as female sexual function index (FSFI). Blood samples were collected from all women for measuring serum estradiol, progesterone, DHEA, prolactin and dopamine levels. FSD patients had significantly higher serum progesterone and DHEA and prolactin levels; while significantly lower dopamine and estradiol levels versus controls (p < 0.001). In all women, dopamine level appeared as a predictor of FSD at cut-off point ≤8.8 ng/mL with sensitivity (75%), specificity (92%) and accuracy (83%) (p < 0.001). The low levels of dopamine were associated with significantly higher prevalence in patients with low estradiol (p < 0.001) and high progesterone (p < 0.001), DHEA (p < 0.001) and prolactin (p = 0.004). Also, dopamine was significantly positive correlation with arousal score (r = 0.16, p = 0.04), and negative correlation with age (r = -0.31, p < 0.001), pain score (r = -0.19, p = 0.01), DHEA (r = -0.45, p < 0.001) and prolactin (r = -0.28, p < 0.001). Low serum dopamine level is a potential diagnostic biomarker in women's sexual dysfunction and their association with high prolactin and sex steroid hormones dysfunction.


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores , Dopamina , Progesterona , Prolactina , Disfunciones Sexuales Fisiológicas , Humanos , Femenino , Dopamina/sangre , Biomarcadores/sangre , Adulto , Disfunciones Sexuales Fisiológicas/sangre , Disfunciones Sexuales Fisiológicas/diagnóstico , Prolactina/sangre , Progesterona/sangre , Estradiol/sangre , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Egipto , Sensibilidad y Especificidad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven , Persona de Mediana Edad , Deshidroepiandrosterona/sangre , Hormonas Esteroides Gonadales/sangre
15.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 1298, 2024 May 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741049

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Improving breastfeeding practices does not always link to interventions relying only on improving nutrition awareness and education but needs cultural and behavioral insights . AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the changes in core breastfeeding indicators as a result of the use of social marketing (SM) approach for improving breastfeeding practices of Egyptian women and the physical growth of infants aged 6 to 12 months. The core breastfeeding indicators were: Early initiation of breastfeeding within one hour of birth, Predominant and exclusive breastfeeding to 6 months (EBF), Bottle feeding with formula, continued breastfeeding to 1 and 2 years, and responsiveness to cues of hunger and satiety. METHODS: A quasi-experimental longitudinal study with a posttest-only control design was done over 3 years in three phases; the first was in-depth interviews and formative research followed by health education and counseling interventions and ended by measuring the outcome. Motivating mothers' voluntary behaviors toward breastfeeding promotion "feeding your baby like a baby" was done using SM principles: product, price, place, and promotion. The interventions targeted 646 pregnant women in their last trimester and delivered mothers and 1454 women in their childbearing period. The statistical analysis was done by using SPSS program, version 26. RESULTS: Most mothers showed significantly increased awareness about the benefits of breastfeeding and became interested in breastfeeding their children outside the house using the breastfeeding cover (Gawn) (p < 0.05). Breastfeeding initiation, exclusive breastfeeding under 6 months, frequency of breastfeeding per day, and percentage of children who continued breastfeeding till 2 years, were significantly increased (from 30%, 23%, 56%, and 32% to 62%, 47.3%, 69%, and 43.5% respectively). The girls who recorded underweight results over boys during the first year of life were significantly improved (p < 0.01) after the intervention (from 52.1% to 18.8% respectively). At the same time, girls found to be obese before the intervention (15.6%) became no longer obese. CONCLUSIONS: Improvement for the majority of the key breastfeeding indicators and physical growth of infants indicates that raising a healthy generation should start by promoting breastfeeding practices that are respectable to societal norms.


Asunto(s)
Lactancia Materna , Promoción de la Salud , Mercadeo Social , Humanos , Lactancia Materna/estadística & datos numéricos , Egipto , Femenino , Lactante , Estudios Longitudinales , Adulto , Promoción de la Salud/métodos , Adulto Joven , Masculino , Desarrollo Infantil/fisiología , Recién Nacido
16.
Am J Pharm Educ ; 88(5): 100693, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574997

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Academic resilience, a critical determinant of academic achievement, is affected by various factors. There is a paucity of large-scale international assessments of academic resilience among pharmacy students. Therefore, this study aimed to assess academic resilience among pharmacy students in 12 countries and to evaluate factors associated with their academic resilience levels. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey-based study was conducted among randomly selected pharmacy students in 12 countries: Egypt, Türkiye, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iraq, Jordan, Nigeria, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and the United Arab Emirates. After pilot testing, the validated 30-item academic resilience scale (ARS) was used for the assessment. The data were collected between November 1, 2022 and April 15, 2023. Descriptive and inferential statistics were performed, as appropriate. RESULTS: A total of 3950 were received from the 12 participating countries. The mean age was 21.68 ± 2.62 years. About two-thirds of the responses were from female participants and those studying for Bachelor of Pharmacy degrees. Overall, the findings show moderate academic resilience, which varied across countries. The median (IQR) of the total ARS-30 was 114 (103-124). Females exhibited lower negative affective and emotional response subscale levels than males. There were significant cross-country variations in the ARS-30 and all subscales. The highest overall levels were reported for Sudan, Pakistan, and Nigeria and the lowest were reported for Indonesia and Türkiye. Students in private universities tended to have higher overall ARS levels than public university students. Higher academic performance was significantly associated with ARS levels, whereas those with excellent performance exhibited the highest ARS levels. Students with exercise routines had higher ARS levels than those without exercise routines. Finally, students who were engaged in extracurricular activities had higher ARS levels than those who did not participate in these activities. CONCLUSION: The study offers insights into the factors affecting academic resilience in pharmacy students across several countries. The findings could guide interventions and support activities to improve resilience and academic outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Resiliencia Psicológica , Estudiantes de Farmacia , Humanos , Estudiantes de Farmacia/psicología , Estudiantes de Farmacia/estadística & datos numéricos , Masculino , Femenino , Estudios Transversales , Adulto Joven , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto , Nigeria , Pakistán , Éxito Académico , Educación en Farmacia/estadística & datos numéricos , Egipto , Indonesia , Bangladesh , Jordania , Arabia Saudita , Malasia , Irak , Sudán
17.
Res Vet Sci ; 172: 105239, 2024 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583195

RESUMEN

Improperly cooked fish, carrying active metacercariae (MCs), can pose a significant risk for transmitting fish-borne zoonotic trematodes (FBZTs) to human consumers. This study aimed to enhance our understanding of FBZTs by conducting a comprehensive cross-sectional analysis involving various fish species, such as Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), African catfish (Clarias gariepinus), and red-belly tilapia (Tilapia zillii). These fish specimens were collected from distinct Egyptian governorates, specifically Giza, Kafr al-Shaykh, and Fayoum. The recovered flukes from experimentally infected domestic pigeons were identified as Prohemistomum vivax, Haplorchis pumilio, and Pygidiopsis genata based on morphological features. Furthermore, the identity of the retrieved adult flukes was confirmed using three species-specific primers for PCR amplification and sequencing analysis of the ITS rDNA region and have been deposited in GenBank with the following accession numbers: P. vivax (OR291421.1 and OR291422.1), P. genata (OP099561.1), and H. pumilio (OM439581.1-OP090510.1). Quantitative real-time PCR targeting the immunological genes Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and Interleukin-1 (IL-1Β) was employed to compare the cellular immune response between infected with EMCs and uninfected O. niloticus. The results indicated a significant increase in TNF- and IL-1Β levels in FBZTs-infected vs un-infected fishes. Importantly, the presence of adult flukes and EMCs led to substantial histological alterations in both experimentally infected pigeons and naturally infected fish tissues. These changes included the necrosis of fish muscle bundles and a pronounced inflammatory reaction with muscular necrosis in the digestive tracts of experimentally infected pigeons.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades de los Peces , Infecciones por Trematodos , Animales , Estudios Transversales , Enfermedades de los Peces/parasitología , Enfermedades de los Peces/inmunología , Infecciones por Trematodos/veterinaria , Infecciones por Trematodos/parasitología , Infecciones por Trematodos/inmunología , Zoonosis/parasitología , Metacercarias , Cíclidos/parasitología , Cíclidos/inmunología , Egipto , Agua Dulce , Bagres/parasitología , Tilapia/parasitología , Trematodos
18.
Reumatol Clin (Engl Ed) ; 20(4): 175-180, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38644028

RESUMEN

AIM OF THE WORK: To evaluate serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in Egyptian patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and its relation with cognitive dysfunction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was carried out on 60 RA patients; 30 were active (group A) and 30 were non active (group B); and 30 controls (group C). RA disease activity was assessed via DAS28 tool, cognitive function via The Montreal Cognitive Assessment and depression via the PHQ depression scale. Serum BDNF levels were measured. RESULTS: The mean age in group A was 37.8 (±9.37) years with 83.3% females, in group B was 39.97 (±8.04) years with 86.7% females and in group C was 33.17 (±3.6) years with 93.3% females. Abnormal cognitive functions test was detected in 66.7% of group A, 66.7% of group B, and in 23.3% of group C. There was a statistically significant difference in BDNF serum level between both groups of patients (1.58±0.9ng/ml for group A, 1.81±1.17ng/ml for group B) compared with the control group (3.01±1.25ng/ml, p<0.001). There was no statistically significant difference between BDNF and both disease duration and cognitive function, also no statistically significant difference regarding cognitive function, depression, and BNDF levels in patients with and without fibromyalgia. At a cut-off value of <2ng/ml, BDNF detected RA patients with cognitive dysfunction with a sensitivity of 80%, specificity of 96.67%. CONCLUSION: BDNF can be a potential biomarker of cognitive dysfunction in RA patients.


Asunto(s)
Artritis Reumatoide , Factor Neurotrófico Derivado del Encéfalo , Disfunción Cognitiva , Depresión , Humanos , Factor Neurotrófico Derivado del Encéfalo/sangre , Artritis Reumatoide/sangre , Artritis Reumatoide/complicaciones , Femenino , Masculino , Egipto , Disfunción Cognitiva/sangre , Disfunción Cognitiva/etiología , Disfunción Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Adulto , Depresión/sangre , Depresión/etiología , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Biomarcadores/sangre , Estudios Transversales
19.
Ital J Pediatr ; 50(1): 68, 2024 Apr 14.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616286

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Child development is shaped throughout the first years of life through the interaction of genetics and the environment. Bayley-III is valuably used to determine early developmental delay (DD). The aim of this study was to detect the differences in performance of a sample of apparently healthy Egyptian infants and toddlers on the Bayley-III scales in relation to their age and gender. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. Bayley scales were applied to 270 of the 300 recruited children following the inclusion criteria; to avoid potential risk factors affecting development. Assessment included cognitive, language and motor skills. Engaged children aged 18-42 months were divided into 4 age groups with six-month intervals. RESULTS: Approximately 78.4%, 76.2%, and 72% of the participants had average and above average scores in the cognitive, motor, and language domains, respectively. The language domain was characteristically impacted. The oldest age group (36-42 months) scored the highest means composite scores, while the 2nd group aged 24 - <30 months, scored the lowest means in the three evaluated domains. In general, girls had non-significantly higher composite scores than boys, with a small effect size (d = 0.2-0.4). In the language domain, girls aged 30 to < 36 months scored significantly higher composite scores than boys (p < 0.05), with a medium effect size (d = 0.73). CONCLUSION: The study indicates that the performance of apparently healthy Egyptian children on the Bayley III evaluation differs in relation to age and sex. The most vulnerable age group at potential risk of DD was children aged 24-30 months. Efforts must be directed to investigate the nutritional, physical, psychological and safety needs of this group. Attention must be paid to early childhood intervention programs that stimulate development, especially language development, and they must be tailored on the basis of age and gender. Gender-specific norms may be needed in the evaluation of language development.


Asunto(s)
Desarrollo del Lenguaje , Lenguaje , Preescolar , Masculino , Femenino , Lactante , Humanos , Estudios Transversales , Egipto , Desarrollo Infantil
20.
J Mol Neurosci ; 74(2): 46, 2024 Apr 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38652370

RESUMEN

ADHD has huge knowledge gaps concerning its etiology. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) provide promising diagnostic biomarkers of human pathophysiology and may be a novel therapeutic option. The aim was to investigate the levels of miR-34c-3p, miR-155, miR-138-1, miR-296-5p, and plasma brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in a group of children with ADHD compared to neurotypicals and to explore correlations between these measures and some clinical data. The participants were children with ADHD in Group I (N = 41; age: 8.2 ± 2) and neurotypical ones in Group II (N = 40; age: 8.6 ± 2.5). Group I was subjected to clinical examination, the Stanford Binet intelligence scale-5, the preschool language scale, and Conner's parent rating scale-R. Measuring the expression levels of the miRNAs was performed by qRT-PCR for all participants. The BDNF level was measured by ELISA. The lowest scores on the IQ subtest were knowledge and working memory. No discrepancies were noticed between the receptive and expressive language ages. The highest scores on the Conner's scale were those for cognitive problems. Participants with ADHD exhibited higher plasma BDNF levels compared to controls (p = 0.0003). Expression patterns of only miR-34c-3p and miR-138-1 were downregulated with significant statistical differences (p˂0.01). However, expression levels of miR-296-5p showed negative correlation with the total scores of IQ (p = 0.03). MiR-34c-3p, miR-138-1, while BDNF showed good diagnostic potential. The downregulated levels of miR-34c-3p and miR-138-1, together with high BDNF levels, are suggested to be involved in the etiology of ADHD in Egyptian children. Gender differences influenced the expression patterns of miRNAs only in children with ADHD.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad , Factor Neurotrófico Derivado del Encéfalo , MicroARNs , Humanos , Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad/genética , Trastorno por Déficit de Atención con Hiperactividad/sangre , MicroARNs/sangre , MicroARNs/genética , Masculino , Femenino , Factor Neurotrófico Derivado del Encéfalo/genética , Factor Neurotrófico Derivado del Encéfalo/sangre , Niño , Egipto , Biomarcadores/sangre
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...