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1.
Soins Psychiatr ; 42(332): 17-21, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602453

RESUMEN

Within the caregiver-patient relationship, the emotional burden and internal psychological tensions are central. If the desire to care leads to an encounter with the patient, a whole professional "growth" is to be built in order to learn how to relate to emotions and affects that accompany care situations. This "step sideways" allows for caring thinking. The avoidance of this acceptance can lead the caregiver to a psychic economy, to an overly framed posture, at the risk of not welcoming the patient's suffering. Finally, the managerial ideology, if present in the hospital today, represents a brake on the capacity to think the clinic.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Relaciones Enfermero-Paciente , Cuidadores/psicología , Emociones , Humanos
2.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580756

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To study the features of the emotional status and autonomic regulation in patients with coronary heart disease and sleep disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with angina pectoris of II-IV functional class (n=244), aged 36 to 72 years (average age 56.9±0.5 years), were examined. Emotional status was assessed by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the Beck Depression Inventory, the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The vegetative status was studied by heart rate variability based on 5-minute recordings of cardiointervalogram and D.J. Ewing cardiovascular tests and a vegetative disorders questionnaire. Patients were divided into 2 groups depending on the severity of sleep disorders. RESULTS: Sixty-two patients (25.4%) had no sleep disorders (≥22 points on the sleep quality questionnaire), they were included in the 2nd group; 113 patients (46.3%) had severe sleep disorders (≤18 points on the sleep quality questionnaire), these patients were included in the 1st group, 69 patients (28.3%) had sleep disorders assessed as insignificant (from 19 to 21 points on the sleep quality questionnaire). The HADS scores for anxiety and depression were 9.2±0.4 and 7.7±0.4, respectively, in the 1st group; in the 2nd group the levels of anxiety and depression were 5.9±0.4 and 3.9±0.4 points (p<0.001). Clinically expressed autonomic disorders were observed in 100% of patients in the 1st group and in 75.8% in the 2nd group (p<0.001). The average score on the questionnaire of autonomic disorders was 41.8±1.2 in the 1st group, and 25.6±1.6 points in the 2nd group (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: In patients with sleep disorders, a higher level of anxiety, depression, autonomic disorders and lower heart rate variability were detected, which is an unfavourable prognostic sign that should be considered in treatment and rehabilitation of these patients.


Asunto(s)
Isquemia Miocárdica , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia , Adulto , Anciano , Ansiedad/diagnóstico , Depresión/diagnóstico , Emociones , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Isquemia Miocárdica/complicaciones , Calidad de Vida , Trastornos del Sueño-Vigilia/diagnóstico
3.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 25, 2021 Feb 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33549132

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have reported that the repeated presentation of a stimulus leads to an increase in positive affect towards the stimulus itself (the so-called mere exposure effect). Here, we evaluate whether changes in liking due to repetition may have a differential impact on subsequent memories in younger and older adults. METHOD: In two experiments, younger and older adults were asked to rate a series of nonwords (Experiment 1) or unfamiliar neutral faces (Experiment 2) in terms of how much they like them and then presented with a surprise yes-no recognition memory task. At study, items were repeated either consecutively (massed presentation) or with a lag of 6 intervening items (spaced presentation). RESULTS: In both experiments, participants rated spaced repeated items more positively than massed items, i.e. they liked them most. Moreover, older adults remembered spaced stimuli that they liked most better than younger adults. CONCLUSIONS: The findings are discussed in accordance with the mechanisms underlying positivity effects in memory and the effect of repetition on memory encoding.


Asunto(s)
Emociones , Memoria , Anciano , Humanos , Adulto Joven
4.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(2): 299-304, 2021 Feb 25.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624606

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between childhood trauma and suicidal risk in prisoners and the mediating effect of alexithymia in this relationship. OBJECTIVE: We investigated a total of 362 male prisoners in Guangdong Province using Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form (CTQ-SF), the Twenty-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and Suicidal Behaviors-Revised Questionnaire (SBQ-R). OBJECTIVE: Thirty-five (9.7%) prisoners had a high risk of suicide. The total score and the dimension scores of the CTQ-SF was positively correlated with the total score of SBQ-R (r=0.065-0.358, P < 0.01) and the total score of TAS-20 (except for the dimension score of sexual abuse) (r=0.156-0.255, P < 0.01). The total score of TAS-20, the dimensions scores for difficulty in identifying and describing feeling and the dimension score for externally oriented thinking were positively correlated with the total score of SBQ-R (r=0.330, P < 0.01; r=0.294-0.305, P < 0.01; and r=0.130, P < 0.05, respectively). The results of structural equation analysis showed that alexithymia had a partial mediating effect on childhood trauma and suicide risks (ß=0.07, 95%CI: 0.023-0.12, P < 0.05). OBJECTIVE: Childhood trauma affects suicidal risk in prisoners not only directly but also indirectly through the mediating effect of alexithymia.


Asunto(s)
Síntomas Afectivos , Prisioneros , Síntomas Afectivos/epidemiología , Niño , Emociones , Humanos , Masculino , Ideación Suicida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
5.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535332

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the status and its influencing factors of job burnout among female workers of labor-intensive enterprises. Methods: A total of 750 female workers from 5 labor-intensive enterprises in Guangdong Province were selected as the study subjects by random cluster sampling method in August, 2019. 665 valid questionnaires were collected, and the effective recovery rate was 88.67%. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey was used to assess job burnout and its influencing factors were analyzed. Results: Among 665 female workers, 429 (64.51%) found to have different levels of burnout, among which 380 (57.14%) were mild to moderate burnout and 49 (7.37%) were severe burnout. The comprehensive scores of job burnout in different age, marital status, current post working age, working time per week, personal monthly income, working system and occupational stress groups were statistically significant (P<0.01) . There were significant differences in the score of emotional exhaustion in different age, marital status, current working age, working time per week, personal monthly income and occupational stress groups (P<0.05) . There were significant differences in the dimensions of depersonalization in different age, weekly work time, personal monthly income, working system and occupational stress groups (P<0.05) . There were significant differences in the dimensions of low individual achievement in different education levels, weekly work time, working system and occupational stress groups (P<0.05) . Conclusion: The female workers of labor-intensive enterprises are generally have mild to moderate job burnout. The main influencing factors of job burnout are weekly work time and occupational stress.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Estrés Laboral , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Emociones , Empleo , Femenino , Humanos , Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
6.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 128(2): 113-117, 2021 Feb.
Artículo en Holandés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605261

RESUMEN

As far as we know, very little has been published in dental literature on how patients' complaints about their dentist's treatment are assessed and what methods are used to try and resolve these complaints with the accused dentist. On the basis of 2 cases, a successful strategy of dental advisers is outlined. How they developed a strategy to resolve the complaint satisfactorily, drawing on knowledge of the use of conversation techniques, with the accused dentist is emphasised. Early on in the conversation, it is particularly important for advisers to understand and sense the often quite emotional state of mind of the dentist. Thereafter, an account of the facts can be formulated and a strategy can be developed for assessing and possibly resolving the patient's complaint.


Asunto(s)
Relaciones Dentista-Paciente , Emociones , Comunicación , Humanos
7.
Am J Epidemiol ; 190(2): 220-229, 2021 02 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524119

RESUMEN

Mental health (MH) and behavioral health are fundamental to a good quality of life. Only a few studies have investigated the association between behavioral health (e.g., physical activity (PA), screen time (ST)) and MH from childhood to adolescence. Therefore, we investigated the relationships of PA and ST with MH by sex in an 11-year longitudinal cohort study of German schoolchildren during 2003-2017. A subsample (n = 686; 55.2% female) of participants from the German Motorik-Modul (MoMo) Longitudinal Study who participated in all 3 measurement phases (mean ages: time 1 (baseline; 2003-2006), 5.57 (standard deviation (SD), 1.00) years; time 2 (wave 1; 2009-2012), 11.85 (SD, 1.03) years; time 3 (wave 2; 2014-2017), 16.86 (SD, 1.04) years) were analyzed with regard to PA, ST, and MH (emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity/inattention, peer relationship problems, prosocial behavior, and overall strengths and difficulties). Path panel prediction models were fitted with time 1, time 2, and time 3 PA, ST, and MH indicators. PA predicted less television (TV)/video watching in females, and TV/video watching predicted personal computer (PC)/Internet use in both sexes. Behavior and MH results suggested that, for females, higher TV/video watching and PC/Internet use was related to higher MH challenges over the course of maturation. Some preadolescent males' MH challenges increased ST (TV/video watching and PC/Internet use) in adolescence. Researchers should explore innovative and effective methods for reducing childhood ST, especially among females with early signs of MH issues, and addressing preadolescent males' MH challenges.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos de la Conducta Infantil/epidemiología , Ejercicio Físico , Salud Mental/estadística & datos numéricos , Tiempo de Pantalla , Adolescente , Niño , Preescolar , Emociones , Femenino , Alemania/epidemiología , Humanos , Estudios Longitudinales , Masculino , Conducta Sedentaria , Factores Sexuales , Factores Socioeconómicos
8.
BMC Geriatr ; 21(1): 128, 2021 02 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33596829

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Middle-aged and older adults are more vulnerable to hospitalization and mortality if they are infected with the COVID-19 virus. The present study investigates the longitudinal effects of subjective successful aging on middle-aged and older adults' emotional and coping responses to the COVID-19 pandemic, and explores an underlying mechanism through perceived time limitation during the pandemic. METHODS: A sample of 311 Hong Kong Chinese middle-aged and older adults (Mage = 64.58, SD = 10.14, Range = 45-90 years) were recruited from an Adult Development and Aging Project and participated in a questionnaire study via an online platform or phone interview. Their levels of subjective successful aging, perceived time limitation, and emotional and coping responses to the pandemic were measured. RESULTS: The respondents who perceived themselves as more successful in aging process reported more positive and fewer negative emotions compared with their counterparts with lower levels of subjective successful aging. The mediation analysis showed that perceived time limitation could partially account for the effects of subjective successful aging on emotional and coping responses. CONCLUSIONS: Findings of this study unveil the beneficial effects of subjective views of successful aging on emotional and coping responses to the pandemic through alleviating their perception of time limitation.


Asunto(s)
Pandemias , Adaptación Psicológica , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Envejecimiento , Emociones , Hong Kong/epidemiología , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad
9.
AJOB Neurosci ; 12(1): 50-52, 2021 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33528332
10.
Rev Med Suisse ; 17(725): 293-296, 2021 Feb 10.
Artículo en Francés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33586373

RESUMEN

Chronic pain is a complex phenomenon that includes three dimensions : biological, socio-cultural and psychological. The psychological aspect plays an amplifying role in the perception of pain and therefore, adjuvant psychotherapies are an important tool in the multidimensional management of chronic pain. In this article, we present the main psychotherapeutic approaches and techniques applied in the field of chronic pain which act on the cognitive-emotional, traumatic, as well as on the sensory level. The personalization of psychotherapeutic treatment, as well as the involvement of patients in its choice, should allow psychotherapeutic approaches to achieve their goal in terms of improving the quality of life of patients.


Asunto(s)
Dolor Crónico , Dolor Crónico/terapia , Emociones , Humanos , Psicoterapia , Psicotrópicos , Calidad de Vida
11.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(1): 17-22, 2021 Jan 12.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559436

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture-moxibustion on negative emotions and plasma tryptophan (Trip)-kynurenine (Kyn) metabolism in the patients with Crohn's disease (CD) at the mild and moderate active stage. METHODS: A total of 66 CD patients were randomized into an observation group (33 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (33 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the observation group, acupuncture was applied in combination with moxibustion. In the control group, the sham-acupuncture was used in combination with sham-moxibustion. In both of the observation group and the control group, acupuncture was applied to Zhongwan (CV 12), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Gongsun (SP 4), Hegu (LI 4), Quchi (LI 11), Taixi (KI 3) and Taichong (LR 3), and moxibustion was applied to Tianshu (ST 25) and Zusanli (ST 36). The treatment was given once every two days, 3 times a week, totally for 12 weeks. Separately, before and after treatment, the score of the hospital anxiety-depression scale (HADS) and the score of intestinal core symptoms (degree of abdominal pain and frequency of diarrhea) were observed in the patients of the two groups. The concentration of plasma indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) and the ratios of Kyn/Trp, QuinA/Kyn, KynA/Kyn and KynA/QuinA were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Compared with before treatment, the scores of HADS-A and HADS-D in the observation group and the score of HADS-A in the control group were all reduced after treatment (P<0.01, P<0.05). The scores of abdominal pain degree in the two groups and score of diarrhea frequency in the observation group were all reduced after treatment (P<0.001). After treatment, the reducing ranges of the score of HADS-A and the scores of abdominal pain degree and diarrhea frequency in the observation group were all larger than the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with before treatment, the plasma IDO1 concentration in the two groups and the ratios of plasma Kyn/Trp and QuinA/Kyn in the observation group were all reduced after treatment (P<0.001, P<0.05, P<0.01), the ratios of plasma KynA/Kyn and KynA/QuinA were increased after treatment in the observation group (P<0.05, P<0.01). After treatment, the changes in IDO1 concentration and the ratios of plasma QuinA/Kyn and KynA/QuinA in the observation were larger than the control group (P≤0.01, P<0.05). In the observation group, the difference in the ratio of plasma KynA/Kyn before and after treatment was negatively related to the improvement value of HADS-D (r =-0.67, P<0.05). After treatment, plasma IDO1 concentration was positively related to HADS-A in the observation group (r =0.65, P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture and moxibustion relieve the negative emotions of anxiety and depression in CD patients at mild and moderate active stage, which is probably related to the regulation of plasma Trp-Kyn metabolic pathway.


Asunto(s)
Terapia por Acupuntura , Enfermedad de Crohn , Moxibustión , Puntos de Acupuntura , Enfermedad de Crohn/terapia , Emociones , Humanos , Plasma , Resultado del Tratamiento , Triptófano
12.
Rev Gaucha Enferm ; 42(spe): e20200160, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33566887

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To understand the reactions and feelings of professionals in the frontline of care for inpatients with suspected COVID-19. METHOD: Qualitative approach study with 19 health team professionals from a teaching hospital located in the hinterland of the state of Paraná. Data were collected in March and April 2020. For data analysis, content analysis was used. RESULTS: Of all professionals, 89.5% were female, 57.8% were between 20 and 30 years old. The following emotions and feelings were highlighted by the content analysis: Motivation; willingness to contribute; feelings of fear, anxiety; obligation; preoccupation with death; sadness; discrimination; isolation; prejudice; uncertainty; and doubts about the future. CONCLUSION: The research showed workers' reactions/feelings, which were ambivalent both as a motivating impulse and as self-care, such as in the case of isolation/fear in coping with COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
/terapia , Emociones , Personal de Salud/psicología , Pacientes Internos , Adulto , Ansiedad/psicología , Actitud Frente a la Muerte , Miedo/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Motivación , Prejuicio , Investigación Cualitativa , Tristeza , Aislamiento Social , Incertidumbre , Adulto Joven
13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33578873

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 outbreak had a negative impact on psychological status among elderly subjects, negatively affecting their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Psychological factors that promote resilience might beneficially contribute also to promoting a better HRQoL among elderly subjects. The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the contribution of dispositional optimism and expressive flexibility on the HRQoL of elderly outpatients during the COVID-19 outbreak. The outpatients were recruited from October 2018 to October 2019, and then followed-up during April 2020, by evaluating their HRQoL. The baseline sample consisted of 141 elderly outpatients (mean age 80.31 ± 6.84 years); the final number of outpatients included in the follow-up evaluation was 104 (mean age 80.26 ± 6.39). Univariate and multivariate linear regressions were developed to explore significant associations with the physical and mental component of HRQoL. Baseline dispositional optimism was a predictor of the mental component of HRQoL at follow-up; the flexible suppression of emotional expression was a predictor of the physical component of HRQoL at follow-up. From a psychogeriatric perspective, the accurate assessment of psychological factors, such as dispositional optimism and expressive flexibility, might help physicians and psychologists to recognize additional patients' vulnerabilities during the current emergency.


Asunto(s)
/psicología , Salud Mental , Pandemias , Calidad de Vida , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Emociones , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Optimismo
14.
Environ Health Prev Med ; 26(1): 3, 2021 Jan 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413099

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested that screen time (ST) has a negative effect on children's emotional and behavioral health, but there are few longitudinal studies that have been conducted with infants and toddlers. This study sought to examine the effect of ST in early childhood on emotional and behavioral problems in children aged 4 years, based on a birth cohort study in China. METHODS: A total of 2492 children aged 4 years were enrolled in this study. The parents and guardians of each child completed a questionnaire that included items eliciting information on children's birth information, socio-demographic information at baseline, and ST at each follow-up. Emotional and behavioral problems were assessed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) at 4 years of age. Multivariate logistic analysis was used to explore the effects of ST on emotional and behavioral problems. RESULTS: The percentages of children with ST > 0 h/day at age 0.5 years, ST > 2 h/day at age 2.5 years, and ST > 2 h/day at age 4 years were 45.7, 55.5, and 34.5% respectively. The prevalence of emotional and behavioral problems was 10.8%. ST at 6 months was a risk factor for emotional symptoms and hyperactivity at the age of 4 years. ST at age 2.5 years was a risk factor for hyperactivity at the age of 4 years. However, ST at age 4 years was a risk factor for total difficulties, conduct problems, peer problems, hyperactivity, and prosocial behavior. CONCLUSIONS: Higher ST exposure at early childhood is associated with later emotional and behavioral problems. In particular, sustained high ST exposure is a risk factor for behavioral problems. These findings suggested the importance of controlling ST to prevent the occurrence of emotional and behavioral problems in the early years.


Asunto(s)
Altruismo , Emociones , Problema de Conducta/psicología , Agitación Psicomotora/epidemiología , Tiempo de Pantalla , Preescolar , China/epidemiología , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalencia , Agitación Psicomotora/psicología
15.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 30: e6, 2021 Jan 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33416045

RESUMEN

AIMS: There is compelling evidence for gradient effects of household income on school readiness. Potential mechanisms are described, yet the growth curve trajectory of maternal mental health in a child's early life has not been thoroughly investigated. We aimed to examine the relationships between household incomes, maternal mental health trajectories from antenatal to the postnatal period, and school readiness. METHODS: Prospective data from 505 mother-child dyads in a birth cohort in Singapore were used, including household income, repeated measures of maternal mental health from pregnancy to 2-years postpartum, and a range of child behavioural, socio-emotional and cognitive outcomes from 2 to 6 years of age. Antenatal mental health and its trajectory were tested as mediators in the latent growth curve models. RESULTS: Household income was a robust predictor of antenatal maternal mental health and all child outcomes. Between children from the bottom and top household income quartiles, four dimensions of school readiness skills differed by a range of 0.52 (95% Cl: 0.23, 0.67) to 1.21 s.d. (95% CI: 1.02, 1.40). Thirty-eight percent of pregnant mothers in this cohort were found to have perinatal depressive and anxiety symptoms in the subclinical and clinical ranges. Poorer school readiness skills were found in children of these mothers when compared to those of mothers with little or no symptoms. After adjustment of unmeasured confounding on the indirect effect, antenatal maternal mental health provided a robust mediating path between household income and multiple school readiness outcomes (χ2 126.05, df 63, p < 0.001; RMSEA = 0.031, CFI = 0.980, SRMR = 0.034). CONCLUSIONS: Pregnant mothers with mental health symptoms, particularly those from economically-challenged households, are potential targets for intervention to level the playing field of their children.


Asunto(s)
Desarrollo Infantil , Renta , Salud Materna/estadística & datos numéricos , Salud Mental/estadística & datos numéricos , Madres/psicología , Conducta Social , Adulto , Niño , Preescolar , Estudios de Cohortes , Emociones , Femenino , Humanos , Trastornos Mentales/psicología , Madres/estadística & datos numéricos , Embarazo , Estudios Prospectivos , Singapur , Clase Social , Factores Socioeconómicos
16.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 79, 2021 01 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413224

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: About 83,000 COVID-19 patients were confirmed in China up to May 2020. Amid the well-documented threats to physical health, the effects of this public health crisis - and the varied efforts to contain its spread - have altered individuals' "normal" daily functioning. These impacts on social, psychological, and emotional well-being remain relatively unexplored - in particular, the ways in which Chinese men and women experience and respond to potential behavioral stressors. Our study investigated sex differences in psychological stress, emotional reactions, and behavioral responses to COVID-19 and related threats among Chinese residents. METHODS: In late February (2020), an anonymous online questionnaire was disseminated via WeChat, a popular social media platform in China. The cross-sectional study utilized a non-probabilistic "snowball" or convenience sampling of residents from various provinces and regions of China. Basic demographic characteristics (e.g., age and gender) - along with residential living arrangements and conditions - were measured along with psychological stress and emotional responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. RESULTS: Three thousand eighty-eight questionnaires were returned: 1749 females (56.6%) and 1339 males (43.4%). The mean stress level,as measured by a visual analog scale, was 3.4 (SD = 2.4) - but differed significantly by sex. Besides sex, factors positively associated with stress included: age (< 45 years), employment (unsteady income, unemployed), risk of infection (exposureto COVID-19, completed medical observation), difficulties encountered (diseases, work/study, financial, mental), and related behaviors (higher desire for COVID-19 knowledge, more time concerning on the COVID-19 outbreak). "Protective" factors included frequent contact with colleagues, calmness of mood comparing with the pre-pandemic, and psychological resilience. Males and females also differed significantly in adapting to current living/working, conditions, responding to run a fever, and needing psychological support services. CONCLUSIONS: The self-reported stress of Chinese residents related to the COVID-19 pandemic was significantly related to sex, age, employment, resilience and coping styles. Future responses to such public health threats may wish to provide sex- and/or age-appropriate supports for psychological health and emotional well-being to those at greatest risk of experiencing stress.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Empleo/psicología , Resiliencia Psicológica , Factores Sexuales , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Adulto , Factores de Edad , China/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Brotes de Enfermedades , Emociones , Empleo/estadística & datos numéricos , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Mental , Servicios de Salud Mental , Persona de Mediana Edad , Evaluación de Necesidades , Pandemias , Factores de Riesgo , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
17.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0240146, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33428630

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic does not fit into prevailing Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) models, or diagnostic criteria, yet emerging research shows traumatic stress symptoms as a result of this ongoing global stressor. Current pathogenic event models focus on past, and largely direct, trauma exposure to certain kinds of life-threatening events. Yet, traumatic stress reactions to future, indirect trauma exposure, and non-Criterion A events exist, suggesting COVID-19 is also a traumatic stressor which could lead to PTSD symptomology. To examine this idea, we asked a sample of online participants (N = 1,040), in five western countries, to indicate the COVID-19 events they had been directly exposed to, events they anticipated would happen in the future, and other forms of indirect exposure such as through media coverage. We then asked participants to complete the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-5, adapted to measure pre/peri/post-traumatic reactions in relation to COVID-19. We also measured general emotional reactions (e.g., angry, anxious, helpless), well-being, psychosocial functioning, and depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms. We found participants had PTSD-like symptoms for events that had not happened and when participants had been directly (e.g., contact with virus) or indirectly exposed to COVID-19 (e.g., via media). Moreover, 13.2% of our sample were likely PTSD-positive, despite types of COVID-19 "exposure" (e.g., lockdown) not fitting DSM-5 criteria. The emotional impact of "worst" experienced/anticipated events best predicted PTSD-like symptoms. Taken together, our findings support emerging research that COVID-19 can be understood as a traumatic stressor event capable of eliciting PTSD-like responses and exacerbating other related mental health problems (e.g., anxiety, depression, psychosocial functioning, etc.). Our findings add to existing literature supporting a pathogenic event memory model of traumatic stress.


Asunto(s)
Ansiedad/etiología , Depresión/etiología , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/etiología , Estrés Psicológico/etiología , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Ansiedad/diagnóstico , Depresión/diagnóstico , Emociones , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pandemias , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/diagnóstico , Estrés Psicológico/diagnóstico , Adulto Joven
18.
PLoS One ; 16(1): e0245865, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503045

RESUMEN

The COVID-19 pandemic, the accompanying lockdown measures, and their possible long-term effects have made mental health a pressing public health concern. Acts that focus on benefiting others-known as prosocial behaviors-offer one promising intervention that is both flexible and low cost. However, neither the range of emotional states prosocial acts impact nor the size of those effects is currently clear, both of which directly influence its attractiveness as a treatment option. Using a large online sample from Canada and the United States, we will examine the effect of a three-week prosocial intervention on two indicators of emotional well-being (happiness and the belief that one's life is valuable) and mental health (anxiety and depression). Respondents will be randomly assigned to perform prosocial, self-focused, or neutral behaviors each week. Two weeks after the intervention, a final survey will assess whether the intervention has a lasting effect on mental health and emotional well-being. Our results will illuminate whether prosocial interventions are a viable approach to addressing mental health needs during the current COVID-19 pandemic, as well for those who face emotional challenges during normal times.


Asunto(s)
Altruismo , /psicología , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Ansiedad/prevención & control , /prevención & control , Canadá/epidemiología , Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/prevención & control , Emociones , Femenino , Felicidad , Humanos , Masculino , Salud Mental , /patogenicidad , Estados Unidos/epidemiología
20.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(1)2021 Jan 07.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430175

RESUMEN

Background and objectives: To explore the impacts that Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) has on the patient and their family members using the WHOQOL-BREF (Abbreviated World Health Organisation Quality of Life questionnaire) and FROM-16 (Family Reported Outcome Measure-16) quality of life assessments. Materials and Methods: A quantitative research study using postal questionnaires was conducted. A total of 39 adult volunteers expressed an interest in participating in the study: 24 returned appropriately completed questionnaires. Patients with ME/CFS completed the WHOQOL-BREF and up to four of their family members completed the FROM-16 questionnaire. Results: ME/CFS negatively affects the quality of life of the patient (median scores WHOQOL-BREF: Physical health = 19, Psychological = 44, Social relationships = 37.5, Environment = 56, n = 24) and their family members' quality of life (FROM-16: Emotional = 9.5, Personal and social = 11.5, Overall = 20.5, n = 42). There was a significant correlation between the patient's reported quality of life scores and their family members' mean FROM-16 total scores. Conclusions: This study identifies the major impact that having an adult family member with ME/CFS has on the lives of partners and of other family members. Quality of life of ME/CFS patients was reduced most by physical health compared to the other domains. Quality of life of family members was particularly impacted by worry, family activities, frustration and sadness. This highlights the importance of measuring the impact on the lives of family members using tools such as the FROM-16 in the ME/CFS clinical encounter and ensuring appropriate support is widely available to family members.


Asunto(s)
Familia/psicología , Síndrome de Fatiga Crónica/fisiopatología , Calidad de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Niños Adultos/psicología , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Costo de Enfermedad , Emociones , Síndrome de Fatiga Crónica/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Padres/psicología , Esposos/psicología , Adulto Joven
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