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1.
Psychol Sci ; 33(3): 433-449, 2022 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35213257

RESUMEN

Moral framing and reframing strategies persuade people holding moralized attitudes (i.e., attitudes having a moral basis). However, these strategies may have unintended side effects: They have the potential to moralize people's attitudes further and as a consequence lower their willingness to compromise on issues. Across three experimental studies with adult U.S. participants (Study 1: N = 2,151, Study 2: N = 1,590, Study 3: N = 1,015), we used persuasion messages (moral, nonmoral, and control) that opposed new big-data technologies (crime-surveillance technologies and hiring algorithms). We consistently found that moral frames were persuasive and moralized people's attitudes, whereas nonmoral frames were persuasive and de-moralized people's attitudes. Moral frames also lowered people's willingness to compromise and reduced behavioral indicators of compromise. Exploratory analyses suggest that feelings of anger and disgust may drive moralization, whereas perceiving the technologies to be financially costly may drive de-moralization. The findings imply that use of moral frames can increase and entrench moral divides rather than bridge them.


Asunto(s)
Principios Morales , Comunicación Persuasiva , Adulto , Ira , Actitud , Emociones , Humanos
2.
PLoS One ; 17(5): e0267905, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35500019

RESUMEN

The aim of the present preregistered study was to examine whether expressive writing can help teacher students to develop functional expected teaching-related emotions. In a variation of James W. Pennebaker´s expressive writing paradigm, 129 teacher students were randomly assigned to write on three consecutive days either about the future teaching-related events that personally trigger the greatest fear and joy (treatment group: n = 67) or about a walk in a forest and a city park (control group: n = 62). In both groups, expected teaching-related positive emotions increased and expected teaching-related negative emotions decreased with increased writing sessions. After the writing sessions, the treatment group reported a stronger change in their view about their future professional life as a teacher, a more active personal involvement with their future professional life, and an increased motivation to use expressive writing in the future. These results demonstrate that expressive writing is a promising tool to promote teacher students' expected teaching-related emotions.


Asunto(s)
Personal Docente , Escritura , Emociones , Humanos , Estudiantes/psicología
3.
Eur J Psychotraumatol ; 13(1): 2055295, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35531312

RESUMEN

Background: It is possible for people to have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) without memory of the trauma event, such as in drug-facilitated sexual assault. However, there is little evidence available on treatment provision for this population. Objective: This study aimed to address this gap by exploring the experiences of people who have had psychological intervention for PTSD without memories (PwM). Method: Interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to explore the lived experience of nine women with PwM, who had sought psychological assessment/therapy. Participants were recruited via social media and completed semi-structured interviews online/via telephone. Results: Identified themes concerned two broad areas: (i) the challenges of having therapy whilst lacking memories and (ii) what was helpful in therapy. Challenges included: delayed help-seeking; having emotional/sensory reactions in the absence of recognisable triggers; experiencing therapy as more applicable to remembered trauma (vs. unremembered); and difficulty discussing and processing unremembered trauma. However, participants also described helpful aspects of therapy including: feeling safe and supported; working with emotional and sensory forms of experience; having scientific explanations for trauma and memory; and having 'permission' from therapists not to remember. Conclusions: Recommendations for clinicians included: being aware that clients with PwM may have more difficulty accessing treatment and perceive it as less applicable to them; focussing on clients' emotions and sensations (not cognitive memories) in therapy; and supporting clients to develop a more self-compassionate understanding of their experiences and lack of memory, thus supporting them to accept that not remembering is 'permitted'. HIGHLIGHTS: • Having therapy for unremembered trauma involves unique challenges, but aspects of therapy can still be helpful.• Suggested 'dos and don'ts' for therapists include recognising the additional barriers to treatment, focussing on emotions (not memories), and normalising memory loss.


Antecedentes: Es posible que las personas tengan un trastorno de estrés postraumático (TEPT) sin recordar el evento traumático, como en una agresión sexual facilitada por drogas. Sin embargo, hay poca evidencia disponible sobre la provisión de tratamiento para esta población.Objetivo: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo abordar esta brecha mediante la exploración de las experiencias de las personas que han tenido una intervención psicológica para TEPT sin recuerdos (PwM en su sigla en inglés).Método: Se usó análisis fenomenológico interpretativo para explorar la experiencia vivida de nueve mujeres con PwM, quienes habían buscado una evaluación/terapia psicológica. Las participantes fueron reclutadas a través de redes sociales y completaron entrevistas semiestructuradas en línea o por teléfono.Resultados: Los temas identificados se referían a dos grandes áreas: (i) los desafíos de tener terapia mientras se carece de memoria; y (ii) lo que fue útil en la terapia. Los desafíos incluyeron: búsqueda de ayuda retardada; tener reacciones emocionales/sensoriales en ausencia de desencadenantes reconocibles; experimentar la terapia como más aplicable al trauma recordado (frente no recordado); y dificultad en discutir y procesar el trauma no recordado. Sin embargo, los participantes tambien describieron aspectos útiles de la terapia incluidos: sentirse seguros y apoyados; trabajar con formas de experiencia emocional y sensorial; tener explicaciones científicas para el trauma y el recuerdo; y tener 'permiso' de los terapeutas para no recordar.Conclusiones: Las recomendaciones para el clínico incluyeron: ser conscientes de que los clientes con PwM pueden tener más dificultades para acceder al tratamiento y percibirlo como menos aplicable a ellos; en la terapia centrarse en las emociones y sensaciones de los clientes (no en los recuerdos cognitivos); y apoyar a los clientes a desarrollar una comprensión más compasiva de sus experiencias y falta de recuerdos, apoyando así que acepten que no recordar está 'permitido'.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático , Emociones , Femenino , Humanos , Recuerdo Mental , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/terapia
4.
Am J Mens Health ; 16(3): 15579883221096566, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536174

RESUMEN

Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with autobiographical memory (AM) disturbances. AM is important for future thinking, sense of self, and coping with negative emotions. CSA is under-researched among men, with research examining long-term neural correlates limited even further. This study explored the neural correlates of re-experiencing traumatic/negative memories to examine the influence of CSA on AM into adulthood. Fifteen males who experienced CSA, with and without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; CSA+PTSD, n = 6; CSA-PTSD, n = 9) and control males without CSA histories nor PTSD (n = 11) completed a script-driven imagery paradigm during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Males with CSA histories, with and without PTSD, processed their negative autobiographical memories with less activation compared to control males. The CSA+PTSD group of males had less activation in the left superior occipital, left superior parietal and left parahippocampal gyri compared to control participants. The CSA-PTSD group had reduced activation in the same regions to a lesser extent. This study provides preliminary empirical evidence to suggest CSA impacts AM for traumatic experiences, and the impact is notable even for men who experienced CSA but do not have PTSD. This study highlights the need for more research with men who have experienced CSA, so that, we can fully understand the neural correlates of emotional memories, and better support the mental health and continued wellness of men who experienced CSA.


Asunto(s)
Abuso Sexual Infantil , Memoria Episódica , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático , Adulto , Niño , Abuso Sexual Infantil/psicología , Emociones , Femenino , Humanos , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Masculino , Trastornos por Estrés Postraumático/diagnóstico por imagen
5.
Transl Psychiatry ; 12(1): 195, 2022 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35538052

RESUMEN

Adolescence represents a critical developmental period where the prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) increases. Aberrant emotion processing is a core feature of adolescent MDD that has been associated with functional alterations within the prefrontal-amygdala circuitry. In this study, we tested cognitive and neural mechanisms of emotional face processing in adolescents with MDD utilizing a combination of computational modeling and neuroimaging. Thirty adolescents with MDD (age: M = 16.1 SD = 1.4, 20 females) and 33 healthy controls (age: M = 16.2 SD = 1.9, 20 females) performed a dynamic face- and shape-matching task. A linear ballistic accumulator model was fit to the behavioral data to study differences in evidence accumulation. We used dynamic causal modeling (DCM) to study effective connectivity in the prefrontal-amygdala network to reveal the neural underpinnings of cognitive impairments while performing the task. Face processing efficiency was reduced in the MDD group and most pronounced for ambiguous faces with neutral emotional expressions. Critically, this reduction was related to increased deactivation of the subgenual anterior cingulate (sgACC). Connectivity analysis showed that MDD exhibited altered functional coupling in a distributed network spanning the fusiform face area-lateral prefrontal cortex-sgACC and the sgACC-amygdala pathway. Our results suggest that MDD is related to impairments of processing nuanced facial expressions. Distributed dysfunctional coupling in the face processing network might result in inefficient evidence sampling and inappropriate emotional responses contributing to depressive symptomatology. Our study provides novel insights in the characterization of brain function in adolescents with MDD that strongly emphasize the critical role of aberrant prefrontal-amygdala interactions during emotional face processing.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno Depresivo Mayor , Reconocimiento Facial , Adolescente , Amígdala del Cerebelo , Mapeo Encefálico , Trastorno Depresivo Mayor/diagnóstico por imagen , Emociones/fisiología , Expresión Facial , Femenino , Humanos , Imagen por Resonancia Magnética , Masculino
6.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 4371162, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35502356

RESUMEN

It is well known that we, as human beings, are prone to a variety of undesirable emotions such as excitement, boredom, and fear, all of which are induced by varying degrees of negative states. In this paper, we designed an emotion-evoking experiment to induce calm, excited, bored, and fearful emotions, as well as low, moderate, and high levels of tension. Based on the six physiological signals such as heart rate and respiration rate of the subjects in these emotion states, feature extraction was performed after removing the baseline preprocessing, combined with particle swarm optimisation algorithm for feature selection, and the k-nearest neighbour algorithm was used to classify the different emotion and tension levels in the undesirable states. By comparing the results of several sets of experiments, we found that with baseline removal and particle swarm feature selection optimisation, our experimental results using k-nearest neighbour classification showed a significant improvement in recognition accuracy compared to the traditional k-nearest neighbour algorithm, which indicates that the proposed method has better recognition results.


Asunto(s)
Algoritmos , Emociones , Emociones/fisiología , Frecuencia Cardíaca , Humanos
7.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 119(19): e2117292119, 2022 May 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503914

RESUMEN

SignificanceFor effective pandemic response, policymakers need tools that can assess policy impacts in near real-time. This requires policymakers to monitor changes in public well-being due to policy interventions. Particularly, containment measures affect people's mental well-being, yet changes in public emotions and sentiments are challenging to assess. Our work provides a solution by using social media posts to compute salient concerns and daily public sentiment values as a proxy of mental well-being. We demonstrate how public sentiment and concerns are impacted by various containment policy sub-types. This approach provides key benefits of using a data-driven approach to identify public concerns and provides near real-time assessment of policy impacts by computing daily public sentiment based on postings on social media.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Política de Salud , Opinión Pública , Medios de Comunicación Sociales , Actitud , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/prevención & control , Emociones , Humanos , Pandemias/prevención & control , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Int J Older People Nurs ; 17(3): e12439, 2022 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35490354

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Associations among psychological health and memory concerns in older adults are well-established, but much of this research is quantitative. OBJECTIVES: This study examined how memory problems influence emotional well-being in older adults without dementia, and whether this differs by cognitive status and current depressive or anxiety symptoms. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design was used to examine our research questions. Community-dwelling older adults without dementia (n = 49, Mage  = 74.5[10.1], 63% women) completed a cognitive assessment, questionnaires and two semi-structured interviews. Content analysis was used to code and categorise the transcribed interview data, then identify themes within and across participant groups. RESULTS: Five themes described the influence of memory problems on emotional well-being: Evoking Emotions, Fearing Future, Undermining Self, Normalising Problems and Adjusting Thinking. Memory problems' impact on emotional well-being varied by current anxiety symptoms, characteristics of the problem and personal experience with dementia. CONCLUSION: The emotional impact of memory problems tended to differ by affective symptoms, not cognitive status. Older adults who report memory concerns without objective evidence of impairment may be at risk for negative impacts to mental health and well-being. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Cognitive screening guidelines should consider best practices for responding to memory concerns when cognitive testing results are normal.


Asunto(s)
Demencia , Trastornos de la Memoria , Anciano , Demencia/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Emociones , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Pruebas Neuropsicológicas
9.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 382, 2022 May 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501828

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Women with cardiac disease in pregnancy and the first year postpartum often face uncertainty about their condition and the trajectory of their recovery. Cardiac disease is a leading cause of serious maternal morbidity and mortality, and the prevalence is increasing. Affected women are at risk of worsening cardiac disease, chronic illness, mental illness and trauma. This compounded risk may lead to significant and long-term negative outcomes. The aim of this study is to correct the lack of visibility and information on the experiences of women with cardiac disease in pregnancy and the first year postpartum. METHODS: A qualitative study using in-depth semi-structured interviews with twenty-five women who had acquired, congenital or genetic cardiac disease during pregnancy or the first year postpartum. Data were analysed and interpreted using a thematic analysis framework. RESULTS: Analysis of the interviews produced three major themes: 1) Ground zero: index events and their emotional and psychological impact, 2) Self-perception, identity and worthiness, and 3) On the road alone; isolation and connection. There was a narrative consistency across the interviews despite the women being diverse in age, cardiac diagnosis and cardiac health status, parity and timing of diagnosis. The thread prevailing over the temporal and clinical differences was one of distress, biographical disruption, identity, isolation, a necessitated re-imagining of their lives, and the process of multi-layered healing. CONCLUSION: Acknowledging and understanding the breadth, complexity and depth of women's experiences is fundamental to improving outcomes. Our findings provide unique insights into women's experiences and challenges across a spectrum of diseases. Most women did not report an isolated trauma or distressing event, rather there was a layering and persistence of psychological distress necessitating enhanced assessment, management and continuity of care beyond the routine 6-week postpartum check. Further research is required to understand long-term outcomes and to refine the findings for specific disease cohorts to be able to respond effectively.


Asunto(s)
Cardiopatías , Salud Mental , Emociones , Femenino , Humanos , Periodo Posparto/psicología , Embarazo , Investigación Cualitativa
10.
Trends Neurosci Educ ; 27: 100175, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501027

RESUMEN

This study assessed the effectiveness of an executive function training programme aiming at reducing the behavioural and emotional problems of 87 minors, aged between 8 and 17, in residential care within the Spanish foster care system. Participants' executive functions were assessed with the Spanish adaptation of the Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF®2). For the assessment of their emotional and behavioural problems, the Spanish adaptation of the Assessment System for Children and Adolescents (SENA) was used. The results revealed an improvement in initiative and task supervision. After the intervention, the minors reported having fewer problems with their classmates and fewer symptoms related to traumatic events. According to the educators, those minors also presented better integration and social skills, a greater willingness to study, less isolation, less symptoms of depression, fewer emotional problems and a higher level and variety of personal resources.


Asunto(s)
Emociones , Función Ejecutiva , Adolescente , Niño , Cuidados en el Hogar de Adopción , Humanos , Habilidades Sociales , España
11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(8): 2721-2726, 2022 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35503617

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Essential tremor (ET) is among the most common central nervous system disorders. It is characterised by symmetrical and bilateral postural tremor, usually affecting the hands. Alongside such motor symptoms, psychiatric symptoms, such as anxiety and depression, often occur. This study aimed to investigate how anxiety, depression and childhood trauma influence ET patients' tremor frequency and severity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The participants comprised 85 patients and 70 control volunteers. Participating patients have been admitted to our clinic for hand tremor complaints and diagnosed with ET, according to the Washington Heights Inwood Genetic Study of Essential Tremor (WHIGET) diagnosis criteria, and they returned for follow-up for at least one year after their initial treatment. Patients with thyroid dysfunction, Parkinson's disease, central nervous system pathology, a history of smoking or alcohol use or a history of drug use that may cause tremor were excluded from the study. Patients' demographic data, such as their age and gender, age at disease onset, disease duration, family history and tremor severity were recorded. The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) were applied to all patients. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were found in BDI score averages and BAI score averages between the patient and control groups (p = 0.002; p = 0.001) and physical abuse, emotional neglect and sexual abuse scores on the CTQ scale (p = 0.001, p = 0.007 and p = 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Childhood mental trauma and emotional mood disorders are more common among ET patients. However, these disorders do not appear to affect ET severity.


Asunto(s)
Experiencias Adversas de la Infancia , Temblor Esencial , Ansiedad/psicología , Depresión/psicología , Emociones , Temblor Esencial/diagnóstico , Humanos , Temblor/diagnóstico
13.
Rev Esc Enferm USP ; 56: e20210424, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35499758

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To describe adolescents' everyday activities and emotional consequences related to the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: Qualitative study grounded in Alfred Schütz's social phenomenology, involving 22 students at two public schools in a municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Interviews were conducted, had their audio recorded, and were analyzed according to a thematic categorization. RESULTS: Five categories emerged from the accounts: i) adolescents' reaction before the COVID-19 pandemic; ii) emotional consequences; iii) concern about the family; iv) adolescents' adaptation; and v) fragmentation of social support networks. Feelings such as uncertainty, fear, anguish, anxiety, and lack of motivation, depressive symptoms, and extreme suicidal ideation were reported. CONCLUSION: Paying attention to adolescents' psychosocial needs is essential, especially in face of the possibility of post-traumatic stress as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Health professionals' technical competence combined with sensibility, strengthening of social support networks, and engagement of different community sectors are fundamental for promoting adolescent mental health in the current transition and resignification period following the COVID-19 pandemic.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Salud Pública , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiología , Emociones , Humanos , Pandemias
14.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 9213526, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35528364

RESUMEN

Traditional training methods such as card teaching, assistive technologies (e.g., augmented reality/virtual reality games and smartphone apps), DVDs, human-computer interactions, and human-robot interactions are widely applied in autistic rehabilitation training in recent years. In this article, we propose a novel framework for human-computer/robot interaction and introduce a preliminary intervention study for improving the emotion recognition of Chinese children with an autism spectrum disorder. The core of the framework is the Facial Emotion Cognition and Training System (FECTS, including six tasks to train children with ASD to match, infer, and imitate the facial expressions of happiness, sadness, fear, and anger) based on Simon Baron-Cohen's E-S (empathizing-systemizing) theory. Our system may be implemented on PCs, smartphones, mobile devices such as PADs, and robots. The training record (e.g., a tracked record of emotion imitation) of the Chinese autistic children interacting with the device implemented using our FECTS will be uploaded and stored in the database of a cloud-based evaluation system. Therapists and parents can access the analysis of the emotion learning progress of these autistic children using the cloud-based evaluation system. Deep-learning algorithms of facial expressions recognition and attention analysis will be deployed in the back end (e.g., devices such as a PC, a robotic system, or a cloud system) implementing our FECTS, which can perform real-time tracking of the imitation quality and attention of the autistic children during the expression imitation phase. In this preliminary clinical study, a total of 10 Chinese autistic children aged 3-8 are recruited, and each of them received a single 20-minute training session every day for four consecutive days. Our preliminary results validated the feasibility of the developed FECTS and the effectiveness of our algorithms based on Chinese children with an autism spectrum disorder. To verify that our FECTS can be further adapted to children from other countries, children with different cultural/sociological/linguistic contexts should be recruited in future studies.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista , Niño , Preescolar , China , Cognición , Emociones , Expresión Facial , Humanos
16.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 7562525, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35529264

RESUMEN

Objective: To explore the effect of humanistic care combined with predictive nursing on the negative emotions and incidence of cardiovascular events in hemodialysis patients. Methods: A total of 90 patients undergoing hemodialysis in our hospital from December 2020 to September 2021 were selected as the research subjects and divided into the study group (n = 45) and the control group (n = 45) by the random number table method. The patients in the control group were given routine nursing, and the patients in the study group were given humanistic care combined with predictive nursing. The effects between the two groups were compared. Results: After nursing, cardiac troponin I (cTn I) level, Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) scores, and Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) scores in the two groups decreased, and the scores were lower in the study group than the control group (P < 0.05). The World Health Organization on Quality of Life Brief Scale (WHOQOL-BREF) scores in both groups increased and were higher in the study group than the control group (P < 0.05). The nursing satisfaction in the study group was higher than that in the control group, and the incidence of cardiovascular adverse events in the study group was lower than that in the control group (P < 0.05). Conclusion: In the process of hemodialysis, the application of humanistic care combined with predictive nursing to hemodialysis patients can significantly decrease the cTn I level, reduce the negative emotions of patients, improve the quality of life and nursing satisfaction of patients, and reduce the occurrence of adverse cardiovascular events.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Calidad de Vida , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/epidemiología , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/etiología , Emociones , Humanos , Incidencia , Diálisis Renal/efectos adversos
17.
Arch Argent Pediatr ; 120(3): 187-194, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Español, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533121

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Introduction. The evidence about the effectiveness of fathers' or partners' involvement in breastfeeding interventions to promote initiation, duration, and exclusiveness rates has increased in recent years. OBJECTIVES: To identify the perspectives and assessments of breastfeeding among partners of breastfeeding women and develop information to create adequate interventions that favor the inclusion of fathers in care spaces and in the support of breastfeeding. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Qualitative study with a grounded theory design. Four focus groups were held with fathers. Data were processed defining free flow analysis units, coded in 2 levels, an open code, with emerging categories, and such categories grouped into 5 main topics. RESULTS: A total of 16 fathers participated. Five main topics were identified: fathers' knowledge about breastfeeding, feelings towards breastfeeding, partner's involvement in breastfeeding, development of the concept of fatherhood, breastfeeding in society. Breastfeeding was positively assessed. Although breastfeeding support was considered a shared family responsibility, there were not enough co-participation actions identified. Participants expressed their desire to play a more involved fatherhood role; however, they stated that these transformations are not supported at workplaces. CONCLUSIONS: The evidence showed a positive assessment of breastfeeding, adequate knowledge, and concern about difficulties. Breastfeeding support was considered a shared responsibility, but not enough specific coparticipation actions were mentioned.


Introducción. En los últimos años, creció la evidencia sobre la efectividad de la inclusión de los padres o las parejas en las intervenciones que promueven la lactancia para mejorar las tasas de iniciación, duración y exclusividad. Objetivos. Identificar perspectivas y valoraciones sobre la lactancia en las parejas de las personas que amamantan, y generar información que permita la creación de intervenciones apropiadas que favorezcan la incorporación de los padres en los espacios de cuidado y en el sostén de la lactancia. Materiales y métodos. Estudio cualitativo, con diseño de teoría fundamentada. Se realizaron 4 grupos de enfoque con padres. Los datos fueron procesados definiendo unidades de análisis por flujo libre, codificadas en dos planos, una codificación abierta, en categorías que emergieron y la agrupación de las categorías en cinco temas principales. Resultados. Participaron 16 padres. Se identificaron 5 temas principales: conocimiento de los padres sobre la lactancia, sentimientos frente a la lactancia, participación de la pareja en la lactancia, construcción de la idea de paternidad, lactancia en la sociedad. La lactancia recibió una valoración positiva. Si bien se consensuó una responsabilidad familiar compartida en su sostén, no se identificaron acciones suficientes de coparticipación. Los participantes manifestaron el deseo de ejercer una paternidad más comprometida, sin embargo, relataron que los entornos laborales no acompañan estas transformaciones. Conclusión. Se evidenciaron valoraciones positivas hacia la lactancia, conocimientos adecuados y preocupación por las dificultades. Se asumió una responsabilidad compartida en su sostén, pero faltaron en los relatos la mención de acciones concretas de coparticipación.


Asunto(s)
Lactancia Materna , Padre , Ingestión de Alimentos , Emociones , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Embarazo , Investigación Cualitativa
18.
Annu Rev Clin Psychol ; 18: 553-580, 2022 May 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534123

RESUMEN

The theory of constructed emotion is a systems neuroscience approach to understanding the nature of emotion. It is also a general theoretical framework to guide hypothesis generation for how actions and experiences are constructed as the brain continually anticipates metabolic needs and attempts to meet those needs before they arise (termed allostasis). In this review, we introduce this framework and hypothesize that allostatic dysregulation is a trans-disorder vulnerability for mental and physical illness. We then review published findings consistent with the hypothesis that several symptoms in major depressive disorder (MDD), such as fatigue, distress, context insensitivity, reward insensitivity, and motor retardation, are associated with persistent problems in energy regulation. Our approach transforms the current understanding of MDD as resulting from enhanced emotional reactivity combined with reduced cognitive control and, in doing so, offers novel hypotheses regarding the development, progression, treatment, and prevention of MDD.


Asunto(s)
Alostasis , Trastorno Depresivo Mayor , Encéfalo , Depresión , Trastorno Depresivo Mayor/terapia , Emociones , Humanos
19.
Artif Intell Med ; 128: 102298, 2022 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35534149

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Most hospital assessment systems are based on the study of objective statistical variables as well as patient opinions on their experiences with respect to the services offered by each hospital. Nevertheless, studies have indicated that most of these assessment systems fail to detect patient emotions when they are assessing their stays in a hospital. This information is vital to understanding most of the patient reviews, which are very complex and convey several emotions per review. Therefore, this study aimed to address the problem of detecting multiple emotions from patient reviews. METHODS: First, a large set of patient opinions was collected from a website that allowed patients to publish their experiences when visiting hospitals. Second, each opinion was labeled with the corresponding conveyed emotions. Third, a deep learning architecture based on a bidirectional gated recurrent unit with a multichannel convolutional neural network layer was proposed to detect multiple emotions from these reviews. Finally, the hyperparameters of this architecture were fine-tuned and different pretrained word embedding models were configured to test its performance. RESULTS: The results confirmed that our proposed method outperformed other deep learning and machine learning-based algorithms and achieved an average accuracy of 95.82%. Furthermore, the experiments show that clinical-domain word embedding slightly outperforms other general-domain word embeddings, although general-domain embeddings are larger in terms of dimensions. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of the gated recurrent unit and the multichannel convolutional neural network is able to exploit both semantic and syntactic characteristics of patient opinions. The findings of this study identify research gaps related to areas such as opinion-based hospital recommendations, thereby providing future research directions.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje Profundo , Emociones , Hospitales , Humanos , Aprendizaje Automático , Redes Neurales de la Computación
20.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 1669569, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535200

RESUMEN

Aiming at the problems of over reliance on labor and low generalization of traditional emotion analysis methods based on dictionary and machine learning, an emotion analysis model of microblog comment text based on deep learning is proposed. Firstly, text is obtained through microblog crawler program. After data preprocessing, including data cleaning, Chinese word segmentation, removal of stop words, and so on, the Skip-gram model is used for word vector training on a large-scale unmarked corpus, and then the trained word vector is used as the text input of CNN-BiLSTM model, which combines Bidirectional Long-Short Term Memory (BiLSTM) neural network and Convolution Neural Network (CNN). Considering the historical context information and the subsequent context information, BiLSTM can better use the temporal relationship of text to learn sentence semantics. CNN can extract hidden features from the text and combine them. Finally, after Adamax optimization training, the emotion type of microblog comment text is output. The proposed model combines the learning advantages of BiLSTM and CNN. The overall accuracy of text emotion analysis has been greatly improved, with an accuracy of 0.94 and an improvement of 8.51% compared with the single CNN model.


Asunto(s)
Aprendizaje Automático , Redes Neurales de la Computación , Emociones , Memoria a Largo Plazo , Semántica
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