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1.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 24(1): 414, 2024 Apr 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566205

RESUMEN

The empowerment of people is considered as one of the most effective approaches in national healthcare systems. Identifying the effective criteria for this empowerment approach can be useful for planning enhancements. Therefore, studying and researching different aspects of people empowerment, and identifying the various relationships among related factors are of great importance. In this study - after identifying and extracting the effective factors in empowering individuals/insured persons, and interviewing health insurance and healthcare experts through content analysis - a causal model examining variables and their impact intensity through cognitive mapping is designed and drawn up. In modeling the concept of empowerment, to cover the ambiguity of expert comments, a combination of the Z-number approach with cognitive mapping has been used. Results demonstrate how various factors relate to insured empowerment. According to the results of empowerment strategies, the insurance participation strategy with the highest central index was determined as the most effective strategy, and the appropriate component for individuals gained the highest score in the centrality index. The results of this article help a lot to policy making in medical insurance.


Asunto(s)
Cognición , Empoderamiento , Humanos , Irán , Investigación Cualitativa
2.
Lancet ; 403(10430): 947-957, 2024 Mar 09.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458214

RESUMEN

Menopause eventually happens to all people with typically functioning ovaries, and almost one billion women worldwide are postmenopausal. Although the biology of typical menopause is ubiquitous, the experience varies substantially. Factors contributing to the experience include not only individual factors, such as the nature and severity of symptoms, but also psychological, social, and contextual considerations, many of which are modifiable. In this first paper in the Lancet Series on menopause, we argue for a new approach that goes beyond the treatment of specific symptoms, to encompass a broad model to support women transitioning this life stage, using the model of empowerment. WHO defines empowerment as an active process of gaining knowledge, confidence, and self-determination to self-manage health and make informed decisions about care. Rather than focusing on menopause as an endocrine deficiency, we propose an empowerment model that recognises factors modifying the experience, in which the patient is an expert in their own condition and the health-care worker supports the patient to become an equal and active partner in managing their own care.


Asunto(s)
Empoderamiento , Menopausia , Humanos , Femenino , Menopausia/psicología
3.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0301501, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38551958

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: With half a female population, empowering women can be a key factor in our country's global advancement. Focusing on household decision-making and attitudes toward wife beating, our study addresses the dearth of research exploring how different socio-economic and demographic factors associated with women's empowerment evolve over the past decade in Bangladesh (from BDHS 2007 to BDHS 2017-18). METHODS: Data from four waves of Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS, 2007 to BDHS, 2017-18) were used in this study. We put forth two domains-household decision-making and attitudes toward domestic violence-to assess women's empowerment. Principal component analysis (PCA) was employed to create women's empowerment index. To assess the unadjusted association between the selected covariates and women's empowerment, Pearson Chi-square test and ANOVA F test have been used, while adjusted association has been analyzed through proportional odds model (POM). RESULTS: In BDHS 2017-18, women from urban areas experienced 'high' empowerment than women in rural areas (56.08% vs. 45.69%). A notable change has been observed in the distribution of women's empowerment index by education over the survey years. Findings also showed that in all the survey years, division, place of residence, education level, number of living children, media exposure, wealth index, working status, and relationship with household head have been found to have significant association with women's empowerment index. For instance, women who completed secondary education in 2007, 2011, 2014, and 2017-18, respectively have 14.4%, 31.8%, 24.6%, and 39.6% higher odds of having empowerment compared to those who were uneducated. Further, age at first marriage, spousal age gap, NGO membership etc. emerged as a contributing factor in specific survey years. CONCLUSION: Our study affirmed that, over a ten-year period, women were more likely to protest against physical violence and to participate in various decision-making regarding their personal and social life. Empowerment is notably higher among women in urban residents, those with secondary education, 1-2 children, media exposure, and employment. Policy recommendations should emphasize targeted measures to raise awareness and empower uneducated, unemployed, economically disadvantaged, and physically oppressed women.


Asunto(s)
Empoderamiento , Composición Familiar , Niño , Humanos , Femenino , Bangladesh/epidemiología , Encuestas Epidemiológicas , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Factores Socioeconómicos
4.
Nurse Pract ; 49(3): 40-47, 2024 03 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38386473

RESUMEN

ABSTRACT: The soaring prevalence of depression and anxiety in children, teenagers, and young adults is now a public health epidemic, yet access to timely evidence-based mental health treatment is often lacking due to a severe shortage of mental health providers. This article provides an overview of the current state of depression and anxiety in children and adolescents as well as first-line evidence-based treatment. The Creating Opportunities for Personal Empowerment (COPE) program, a cognitive-behavioral skills-building intervention, is highlighted as an evidence-based intervention for timely treatment that can be delivered by NPs, physicians, and physician associates/assistants in primary care settings, school-based health centers, and chronic care clinics with reimbursement as well as in schools and universities as a preventive mental health intervention.


Asunto(s)
Trastornos de Ansiedad , Depresión , Adolescente , Niño , Humanos , Adulto Joven , Ansiedad/diagnóstico , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Ansiedad/terapia , Trastornos de Ansiedad/diagnóstico , Trastornos de Ansiedad/epidemiología , Trastornos de Ansiedad/terapia , Depresión/diagnóstico , Depresión/epidemiología , Depresión/terapia , Empoderamiento , Universidades
5.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38397712

RESUMEN

This article presents processes for developing contextualized training procedures to better appreciate partnership, capacity-building experiences, and specific implementation challenges and opportunities for mental and public health teams. The program enrolled 469 out-of-school adolescents to participate in the integration of youth mental health into health and life-skill safe spaces. The teams utilized various methods to achieve process outcomes of restructuring and adapting curricula, training youth mentors, and assessing their self-efficacy before integrating the intervention for 18 months. The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic became an additional unique concern in the preliminary and the 18-month implementation period of the program. This necessitated innovation around hybrid training and asynchronous modalities as program teams navigated the two study locations for prompt training, supervision, evaluation, and feedback. In conclusion, out-of-school adolescents face a myriad of challenges, and a safe space program led by youth mentors can help promote mental health. Our study demonstrated how best this can be achieved. We point to lessons such as the importance of adapting the intervention and working cohesively in teams, building strong and trusting partnerships, learning how to carry out multidisciplinary dialogues, and continuous supervision and capacity building. This article aimed to document the processes around the design and implementation of this innovative intervention and present a summary of lessons learned.


Asunto(s)
Empoderamiento , Salud Mental , Humanos , Adolescente , Kenia , Instituciones Académicas , Salud Pública
6.
BMJ Open Ophthalmol ; 9(1)2024 Feb 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38395461

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To assess needs and views regarding eye health and empowerment from craftswomen's perspectives to develop a theory of change (ToC) for a women-targeted eyecare programme. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighteen stakeholders participated in a 2-day consultation workshop in Zanzibar. The composition was (1) 15 women and 3 men; (2) Unguja (n=8), Pemba (n=6) and Tanzania mainland (n=4) and (3) craftswomen (n=14) and governmental stakeholders (n=4). Thematic analysis determined the craftswomen's needs and views regarding eye health and empowerment and subsequently inputs, activities, outputs, outcomes and impact to develop the programme's initial ToC. In refining the initial ToC, we used insights from a qualitative study suggesting that improved near vision is perceived by craftswomen as a potential source of empowerment across economic, psychological, social, political and educational dimensions. RESULTS: The eye conditions experienced by the craftswomen were eye irritation caused by foreign bodies, the need for near spectacles and other eye morbidities. They were advised by the cooperatives to visit eye health centres for treatment. The main barriers to accessing services were inaccessibility and unaffordability of eye services and a lack of eye health knowledge and practices. Nineteen subthemes on women empowerment (economic n=4, social n=4, psychological n=6, education n=2 and political n=3) were obtained. We created a ToC on how investing in improving craftswomen near vision could achieve empowerment. CONCLUSION: The participants provided insights into their needs and how they would like the eyecare programme to be implemented and how they see they could be empowered in the process.


Asunto(s)
Empoderamiento , Trastornos de la Visión , Masculino , Humanos , Femenino , Tanzanía , Trastornos de la Visión/terapia , Visión Ocular , Investigación Cualitativa
7.
Reprod Health ; 21(1): 16, 2024 Feb 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308322

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Women in Mozambique are often disempowered when it comes to making decisions concerning their lives, including their bodies and reproductive options. This study aimed to explore the views of women in Mozambique about key elements of empowerment for reproductive decisions and the meanings they attach to these elements. METHODS: Qualitative in-depth interviews were undertaken with 64 women of reproductive age (18-49 years) in two provinces in Mozambique. Participants were recruited through convenience sampling. Data collection took place between February and March 2020 in Maputo city and Province, and during August 2020 in Nampula Province. A thematic analysis was performed. RESULTS: Women described crucial elements of how power is exerted for reproductive choices. These choices include the ability to plan the number and timing of pregnancies and the ability either to negotiate with sexual partners by voicing choice and influencing decisions, or to exercise their right to make decisions independently. They considered that women with empowerment had characteristics such as independence, active participation and being free. These characteristics are recognized key enablers for the process of women's empowerment. CONCLUSIONS: This study's findings contribute to an expanded conceptualization and operationalization of women's sexual and reproductive empowerment by unveiling key elements that need to be considered in future research and approaches to women's empowerment. Furthermore, it gave women the central role and voice in the research of empowerment's conceptualization and measurement where women's views and meanings are seldom considered.


Women who are empowered seem to make better health decisions for themselves. Nevertheless, women's views about and understanding of empowerment are seldom considered in the study of empowerment and its definitions. In this study we explore how women in Mozambique view, understand and experience empowerment, i.e., gaining power and control in the household, and specifically around decision-making processes concerning their reproductive lives. A total of 64 adult women were interviewed in rural and urban areas within two provinces of Mozambique. Through the data analysis, we identified key characteristics of the empowerment process that Mozambican women perceived to be of relevance in their context. Women who have power were perceived as financially and socially independent, free to choose their own pathway, and be active participants in the household decision-making process. In reproductive decisions, women show power through the ability to negotiate with their partner, or by making sole decisions and by planning the number of pregnancies and the size of the family. The elements identified provide important information for improving the definition and the measurement of empowerment in Mozambique, as well as for the support of women in their pathways to empowerment within this context.


Asunto(s)
Toma de Decisiones , Reproducción , Embarazo , Femenino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Joven , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Mozambique , Empoderamiento , Investigación Cualitativa , Derechos de la Mujer
8.
BMJ Open ; 14(2): e083806, 2024 Feb 12.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346888

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Infection prevention and control (IPC) teams are routinely confronted with intense emotions in their daily work, as they are involved in many change processes with front-line medical staff, for example, when promoting compliance with basic IPC measures. In addition, they are confronted with challenges due to their role as intermediaries. Based on former research, this study aims to empower IPC teams to promote clinicians' compliance through interventions focusing on the IPC teams' leadership skills. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The IP-POWER study (Infection Prevention with head and heart: Psychological empowerment of IPC teams), a multicentre, two-arm, non-blinded, cluster-randomised controlled trial with a parallel waiting control group, is planned to be conducted in Germany as of February to November 2024. A group of 10 voluntary hospitals is going to participate in a multistage intervention programme, including 2 days of intense psychological training; 5 hospitals will be randomly assigned to the waiting control group. After the workshops, there will be a 12-week follow-up period during which the contents learnt within the workshops can be applied and internalised into IPC practice. The proposed outcomes (both self-assessed and other-assessed leadership competencies of IPC team members and their task profiles, perceived workload, motivation to act in order to implement IP measures and goal attainment) are going to be collected with an online questionnaire, followed by an analysis with IBM SPSS (Statistics 29 (or later)) using descriptive analyses and multiple linear regressions. Additionally, as external data sources, hand hygiene compliance rates from the study hospitals' monitoring systems will be analysed using χ² tests. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study was reviewed and approved by the ethics committee of the University of Leipzig (184/23-ek; vote from 4 July 2023). Findings will be disseminated via peer-review publications, and national and international conference presentations. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: DRKS00031879.


Asunto(s)
Higiene de las Manos , Liderazgo , Humanos , Motivación , Control de Infecciones , Empoderamiento , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto , Estudios Multicéntricos como Asunto
9.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 338, 2024 02 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38297259

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Agency - including the sub-domains of intrinsic agency, instrumental agency, and collective agency - is a critical component of the women's empowerment process. Self-efficacy (a component of intrinsic agency) may operate as a motivational influence for women to make choices according to their own preferences or goals, such that higher self-efficacy would be associated with more autonomous decision-making (a key component of instrumental agency). METHODS: We examine these relationships using mixed methods. We developed a series of decision-making autonomy indices, which captured alignment between the woman's reported and preferred roles in health and nutrition decisions. Using ordinal logistic regression, we assessed the relationship between generalized self-efficacy and decision-making autonomy. RESULTS: There was a consistently positive association across all categories of decision-making, controlling for a number of individual and household-level covariates. In a sub-sample of joint decision-makers (i.e., women who reported making decisions with at least one other household member), we compared the association between generalized self-efficacy (i.e., one's overall belief in their ability to succeed) and decision-making autonomy to that of domain-specific self-efficacy (i.e., one's belief in their ability to achieve a specific goal) and decision-making autonomy. Across all decision-making categories, domain-specific self-efficacy was more strongly associated with decision-making autonomy than generalized self-efficacy. In-depth interviews provided additional context for interpretation of the regression analyses. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate the importance of the role of self-efficacy in the women's empowerment process, even in the traditionally female-controlled areas of health and nutrition decision-making. The development of the decision-making autonomy index is an important contribution to the literature in that it directly recognizes and captures the role of women's preferences regarding participation in decision-making.


Asunto(s)
Composición Familiar , Autoeficacia , Femenino , Humanos , Bangladesh , Estado Nutricional , Empoderamiento , Autonomía Personal , Toma de Decisiones
10.
J Wound Care ; 33(1): 51-59, 2024 Jan 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38197278

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a family-centred empowerment intervention on the incidence, stage and status of pressure injury (PI) in patients diagnosed with stroke during the post-discharge period with a telenursing approach. METHOD: This randomised controlled clinical trial (RCT) was conducted with patients admitted to Ghaem Hospital in Mashhad and who were diagnosed with stroke. Patients were randomly assigned to one of two equal-sized groups: intervention and control. Family education and follow-up of the intervention group was performed using WhatsApp messenger for one month. Caregivers of patients in the control group received the routine training programme. The incidence, stage and status of PIs of both groups were measured at the beginning and at one month later using the Braden Scale, the EPUAP/NPUAP Classification System, and the Pressure Ulcer Scale for Healing (PUSH). RESULTS: A total of 60 patients took part in the RCT (30 patients allocated to each group). The incidence of PI in the control group was significantly higher than in the intervention group (p<0.001). The results showed significantly lower stages of PI in the intervention group than in the control group (p<0.001 and p<0.05 for univariable and multivariable models, respectively). The results showed a significantly lower PUSH score in the intervention group than in the control group (p<0.001 and p<0.05 for univariable and multivariable models, respectively). CONCLUSION: The findings of this RCT show that the empowerment and training of caregivers of patients diagnosed with stroke after discharge using telenursing can reduce the incidence and severity of PIs and improve their status in these patients.


Asunto(s)
Úlcera por Presión , Accidente Cerebrovascular , Teleenfermería , Humanos , Incidencia , Alta del Paciente , Úlcera por Presión/epidemiología , Úlcera por Presión/prevención & control , Accidente Cerebrovascular/epidemiología , Empoderamiento , Cuidadores
11.
Am J Nurs ; 124(2): 61-63, 2024 Feb 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38270429

RESUMEN

This is the sixth article in a series on nurse innovators, which focuses on nurse-engineer partnerships and outlines working, replicable models of collaboration between the two disciplines. In this installment, we describe the role of academia in building the next generation of nurse-engineers, highlighting three novel academic programs that have reimagined nursing and engineering education to promote interdisciplinary partnership and innovation.


Asunto(s)
Enfermeras y Enfermeros , Humanos , Empoderamiento
12.
BMJ Open ; 14(1): e081188, 2024 01 31.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38296304

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Living Library events involve people being trained as living 'Books', who then discuss aspects of their personal experiences in direct conversation with attendees, referred to as 'Readers'. This study sought to generate a realist programme theory and a theory-informed implementation guide for a Library of Lived Experience for Mental Health (LoLEM). DESIGN: Integrated realist synthesis and experience-based co-design. SETTING: Ten online workshops with participants based in the North of England. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-one participants with a combination of personal experience of using mental health services, caring for someone with mental health difficulties and/or working in mental health support roles. RESULTS: Database searches identified 30 published and grey literature evidence sources which were integrated with data from 10 online co-design workshops conducted over 12 months. The analysis generated a programme theory comprising five context-mechanism-outcome (CMO) configurations. Findings highlight how establishing psychological safety is foundational to productive Living Library events (CMO 1). For Readers, direct conversations humanise others' experiences (CMO 2) and provide the opportunity to flexibly explore new ways of living (CMO 3). Through participation in a Living Library, Books may experience personal empowerment (CMO 4), while the process of self-authoring and co-editing their story (CMO 5) can contribute to personal development. This programme theory informed the co-design of an implementation guide highlighting the importance of tailoring event design and participant support to the contexts in which LoLEM events are held. CONCLUSIONS: The LoLEM has appeal across stakeholder groups and can be applied flexibly in a range of mental health-related settings. Implementation and evaluation are required to better understand the positive and negative impacts on Books and Readers. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42022312789.


Asunto(s)
Servicios de Salud Mental , Salud Mental , Humanos , Empoderamiento , Inglaterra , Investigación Cualitativa
14.
Disabil Rehabil ; 46(5): 856-869, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36843295

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To systematically review and evaluate existing psychometric evidence for the Family Empowerment Scale (FES), which has been widely used to measure empowerment across the world. METHODS: Three databases were searched up until December 2021. Eligible studies were identified by an interdisciplinary team using the PRISMA procedure. The methodological quality of psychometrics (Risk of Bias standards) and sufficiency of each psychometric property (e.g., reliability, content validity, construct validity, responsiveness) were independently evaluated by three members, following COnsesus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments (COSMIN). RESULTS: Twelve studies involving 3278 caregivers were included in the review. Studies reported limited information about content validity and study sample characteristics. There is sufficient evidence with moderate methodological quality to support structural validity for a four and three-bifactor structure. Sufficient evidence with good methodological quality was found for internal consistency. No studies examined responsiveness. CONCLUSIONS: Future psychometric studies of the FES should include diverse families and establish content validity following current COSMIN standards. Structural validity evidence does not support the original three-factor structure, which suggests the need to refine the theoretical measurement constructs. Responsiveness is needed prior to using FES as an instrument of change in applied research studies.Implications for RehabilitationThe evidence for the use of the Family Empowerment Scale (FES) is primarily with families of children with disabilities who identify as white, non-Hispanic, and live in the US.Across studies, evidence suggests the FES items work well together to measure family empowerment.Caution should be used when using the FES to measure changes in empowerment over time.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores , Empoderamiento , Niño , Humanos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Psicometría
15.
Health Policy Plan ; 39(2): 95-117, 2024 Feb 22.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36760020

RESUMEN

Cash transfers (CTs) have been increasingly used in low- and middle-income countries as a poverty reduction and social protection tool. Despite their potential for empowering vulnerable groups (especially women), the evidence for such outcomes remains unclear. Additionally, little is known about how this broad concept fits into and is perceived in such programmes. For example, Lesotho's Child Grants Programme (CGP) is an unconditional CT targeting poor and vulnerable households with children. The CGP has been presented as one of the Lesotho's flagship programmes in developing the country's social safety net system. Using the CGP's early phases as a case study, this research aims to capture how programme stakeholders understood and operationalized the concept of economic empowerment (especially women's) in Lesotho's CGP. The qualitative analysis relied on the triangulation of information from a review of programme documents and semi-structured key informant interviews with programme stakeholders. First, the programme documents were coded deductively, while the interview transcripts were coded inductively, and then both materials were analysed thematically. Finally, differences or disagreements within each theme were explored individually according to the programme's chronology, the stakeholders' affiliation and their role in the CGP. The complexity of economic empowerment was reflected in the diversity of definitions found in the desk review and interviews. Economic empowerment was primarily understood as improving access to economic resources and opportunities and, less so, as agency and social and economic inclusion. There were stronger disagreements on other definitions as they seemed to be a terminology primarily used by specific stakeholders. This diversity of definitions impacted how these concepts were integrated into the programme, with particular gaps between the strategic vision and operational units as well as between the role this concept was perceived to play and the effects evaluated so far.


Asunto(s)
Empoderamiento , Sexismo , Niño , Humanos , Femenino , Lesotho , Investigación Cualitativa , Composición Familiar
17.
Copenhagen; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe; 2024. (WHO/EURO:2024-9293-49065-73153).
en Inglés | WHO IRIS | ID: who-376179

RESUMEN

A growing body of evidence shows that digital health technologies (DHTs) can improve women’s health outcomes by overcoming ongoing socioeconomic, cultural and geopolitical barriers that inhibit their access to health care. Despite this, there has been no systematic assessment of the benefits of digital health for women’s health. This project was devised to review the effects of DHTs on women’s health and their potential to improve women’s empowerment and gender equality by scoping peer-reviewed primary studies in this area. The results suggest that DHTs positively impact women’s empowerment, facilitate the achievement of gender equality (particularly associated with improving women’s access to health-care services, enhancing maternal health, providing women with essential health information and creating opportunities for women to participate in household decisions), and improve health outcomes for women (especially in relation to gynaecology, obstetrics and psychiatry), thereby advancing the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.


Asunto(s)
Salud de la Mujer , Empoderamiento , Equidad de Género , Desarrollo Sostenible , Medicina Basada en la Evidencia , Investigación Cualitativa
18.
Nurs Adm Q ; 48(1): 33-48, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38051208

RESUMEN

Cedars-Sinai is a sixth continuous Magnet organization in Southern California that embodies inclusive leadership in support of diversity, equity, inclusion, and justice (DEIJ) principles. The organization adheres to a strategic model prioritizing staff sense of belonging, empowerment, engagement, curiosity, and creativity. Employing inclusive leadership, we have implemented strong programs of professional development and continuous learning, innovation, and research. This leadership and these programs have fostered a culture of inquiry, support evidence-driven practice, quality improvement, and staff engagement. Our organization is committed to creating a caring and healing environment that promotes performance. We believe in practicing loving-kindness toward ourselves and others as a core value. Executive leadership support has been a key element in our successful implementation of DEIJ strategies, including employee resource groups, Shared Leadership Councils, transition to practice programs, health equity research, and innovative solutions. These strategies have been shown to yield a significant return on investment.


Asunto(s)
Diversidad, Equidad e Inclusión , Empleo , Humanos , Empoderamiento , Creatividad , Justicia Social , Liderazgo , Cultura Organizacional
19.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 16: 12929, jan.-dez. 2024. ilus
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermería | ID: biblio-1531853

RESUMEN

Objetivo: desenvolver uma oficina como forma de contribuição ao empoderamento de mulheres para a realização periódica do Papanicolau. Método: qualitativo, exploratório e descritivo, tipo pesquisa participante, em uma unidade de saúde, com mulheres entre 25 a 59 anos, através de entrevista semiestruturada coletiva, durante uma oficina ocorrida em fevereiro de 2023, analisada por meio da Análise Temática de Conteúdo. Resultados: a oficina mostrou-se como um dispositivo que potencializa o empoderamento feminino, interferindo no processo saúde-doença. Desvelou-se ainda como ferramenta de dialogicidade e escuta ativa, na compreensão dos determinantes que se configuram como empecilhos na realização periódica do Papanicolau. Considerações finais: como forma de romper barreiras, ao tratar-se da periodicidade do Papanicolau, a oficina é uma ferramenta eficiente e incentivadora de promoção à participação ativa, à autonomia, à autoestima e ao empoderamento social por meio do processo educativo


Objective: develop a workshop as a way of contributing to the empowerment of women to carry out regular Pap smears. Method: qualitative, exploratory and descriptive, participant research type, in a health unit, with women between 25 and 59 years old, through collective semi-structured interviews, during a workshop, analyzed through Thematic Content Analysis. Results: the workshop proved to be a device that enhances female empowerment, interfering in the health-disease process. It also revealed itself as a tool for dialogue and active listening, in understanding the determinants that constitute obstacles in the periodic performance of the Pap smear. Final considerations: as a way of breaking down barriers, when it comes to the frequency of the Pap smear, the workshop is an efficient and encouraging tool to promote active participation, autonomy, self- esteem and social empowerment through the educational process


Objetivos: desarrollar un taller como forma de contribuir al empoderamiento de las mujeres para la realización periódica de Papanicolaou. Método: investigación cualitativa, exploratoria y descriptiva, tipo participante, en una unidad de salud, con mujeres entre 25 y 59 años, a través de entrevistas colectivas semiestructuradas, durante un taller, analizadas mediante Análisis de Contenido Temático. Resultados: el taller resultó ser un dispositivo que potencia el empoderamiento femenino, interfiriendo en el proceso salud-enfermedad. También se reveló como una herramienta de diálogo y escucha activa, en la comprensión de los determinantes que constituyen obstáculos en la realización periódica del Papanicolaou. Consideraciones finales: como una forma de romper barreras en cuanto a la frecuencia de la prueba de Papanicolaou, el taller es una herramienta eficiente y alentadora para promover la participación activa, la autonomía, la autoestima y el empoderamiento social a través del proceso educativo


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Proceso Salud-Enfermedad , Salud de la Mujer , Prueba de Papanicolaou , Empoderamiento
20.
Psicol. USP ; 35: e210057, 2024.
Artículo en Portugués | LILACS, Index Psicología - Revistas | ID: biblio-1538294

RESUMEN

A linguagem fílmica constitui um importante recurso para o ensino-aprendizagem no campo da saúde. Para trabalhar a temática do adoecimento por câncer, diversos filmes têm sido empregados como disparadores de reflexões necessárias à formação de profissionais de saúde capazes de uma atuação mais empática, sensível e humanizada. Para contribuir com esse cenário, o presente estudo teve por objetivo discutir os sentidos sobre o adoecimento pelo câncer a partir da análise do filme Aquarius. Os sentidos predominantes neste filme referem-se ao câncer como uma invasão do corpo sadio e como roubo de algo importante ao sujeito. As temáticas da sexualidade e do protagonismo feminino entrelaçam-se na costura de um filme que metaforiza o câncer em suas múltiplas representações sociais, abrindo espaço para o sentido de potência, rompendo com estereótipos negativos predominantes nas demais linguagens


Film language is an important resource for health teaching-learning. Discussions on cancer and its illness process have used several movies to trigger reflections necessary for a more empathic, sensitive and humanized health care performance. Seeking to contribute to this scenario, this study investigates the meanings around cancer mobilized by the movie Aquarius. The narrative portrays cancer as an invasion against the healthy body and as theft of one's life. Sexuality and female empowerment are intertwined in this film that metaphorizes cancer in its multiple social representations, opening up space for a sense of power and breaking with negative stereotypes prevalent in other languages


Le langage cinématographique est une ressource importante pour l'enseignement et l'apprentissage dans le domaine de la santé. Les discussions sur le cancer et sont processus de maladie ont utilisés plusieurs films pour déclencher les réflexions nécessaires à une performance professionnelle plus empathique, sensible et humanisée. Cherchant à contribuer à ce scénario, cette étude examine les significations au tour du cancer mobilisées par le film Aquarius. Le récit dépeint le cancer comme une invasion du corps sain et comme le vol de la vie. La sexualité et le protagonisme féminin sont entrelacés dans ce film qui métaphorise le cancer dans ses multiples représentations sociales, ouvrant un espace pour un sentiment de pouvoir et rompant avec les stéréotypes négatifs prévalant dans d'autres langues


El lenguaje cinematográfico es un recurso importante para la enseñanza-aprendizaje en el campo de la salud. Para trabajar sobre el tema del cáncer, se han utilizado de películas como desencadenantes de reflexiones necesarias para la formación de profesionales de la salud capaces de un desempeño más sensible y humanizado. Para contribuir a este escenario, el presente estudio tuvo como objetivo discutir los significados sobre el cáncer con base en el análisis de la película Aquarius. Los significados predominantes en esta película se refieren al cáncer como una invasión del cuerpo y como el robo de algo importante para el sujeto. Los temas de la sexualidad y el protagonismo femenino se entrelazan en la creación de una película que metaforiza el cáncer en sus múltiples representaciones sociales, abriendo espacio para la sensación de poder, rompiendo con los estereotipos negativos que prevalecen en otros idiomas


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias de la Mama/psicología , Educación en Salud , Personal de Salud , Humanización de la Atención , Empoderamiento , Películas Cinematográficas , Tabú , Salud de la Mujer , Sexualidad
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