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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e246463, 2024. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355899

RESUMEN

Abstract Quilombola communities are present in many Brazilian states living in precarious health conditions. This is due to geographic isolation, limitations to the access of the area in which they live in, and the lack of quality in the service when it is needed to be provided. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the quality of life of women from a quilombola community in northeastern Brazil. It is an observational, cross-sectional and descriptive study. 160 adult women were first interviewed through a form to collect a profile and then it was applied the WHOQOL Quality of Life questionnaire - bref. It was observed that the women were on average 40.7 years old (±17.25), married, self-declared black, who did not finish elementary school, housewife, had no income, with their own masonry house, with up to 6 rooms, supplied by a box of community treated water. Quality of Life had median scores in the domains: physical (3.18), psychological (3.4), social relationships (3.45) and environment (2.59). With this research, it was possible to characterize the quilombola community of Santa Luzia do Norte-AL regarding the difficulties of access to health and income generation, issues that affect their health condition. The problems described in this study can contribute to health actions being planned and carried out in order to improve socioeconomic and health conditions in this community, considering the social, political and environmental context, valuing their traditional knowledge and practices.


Resumo As comunidades quilombolas, estão presentes em diversos estados brasileiros, vivendo em condições de saúde mais precárias. Isto ocorre por conta do isolamento geográfico, das limitações de acesso e da falta de qualidade no serviço quando este é prestado. Nesse sentido, o objetivo do estudo foi analisar a qualidade de vida de mulheres de uma comunidade quilombola do nordeste brasileiro. Estudo observacional, transversal e descritivo. Foram entrevistadas 160 mulheres adultas, através de um formulário para a coleta de perfil e do questionário de Qualidade de Vida WHOQOL - bref. Foi observado que as mulheres tinham em média 40,7 anos (±17,25), casadas, autodeclaradas negras, com fundamental incompleto, do lar, sem renda, com moradia de alvenaria, própria, com até 6 cômodos, abastecidas por caixa de água comunitária, tratada. A Qualidade de Vida, apresentou escores medianos nos domínios: físico (3,18), psicológico (3,4), relações sociais (3,45) e meio ambiente (2,59). Com a realização desta pesquisa foi possível caracterizar a comunidade quilombola de Santa Luzia do Norte-AL quanto as dificuldades de acesso a saúde e geração de renda, fatos que repercutem na sua condição de saúde. Os problemas descritos neste estudo podem contribuir para que ações de saúde sejam planejadas e efetivadas com o intuito de melhorar as condições socioeconômicas e de saúde nessa comunidade, considerando-se o contexto social, político e ambiental, valorizando seus saberes e práticas tradicionais.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Calidad de Vida , Brasil , Estudios Transversales , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e246803, 2023. tab, graf
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339417

RESUMEN

Abstract Traditional medicine is cheaper and easily available to local people, to care for most frequent diseases in the Northern parts of Pakistan. Our study aimed at inventorying medicine from local plants, documenting their uses, and assessing their market value in 2015-2018 during spring, summer, and winter seasons. A total of 15 trips were made, 5 in each season. Semi-structured interviews with 165 inhabitant's age range between 20-80 years were conducted, analyzed the data is analyzed using Relative frequency of citation(RFC), Use Value(UV), Fidelity Level(FL), Informants consensus factor(ICF), and Jaccard index(JI) to find the most frequent and well-known used species in the area. A total of 86 species belonging to 39 vascular plant families, 33 genera were documented as medicinally important. Family Asteraceae was observed as the dominant family among all the families with 10 species, the leaf was the most used parts and decoction 36% was the most preferred preparation type. Herb was the predominant life form (67%). The maximum UV (0.92) was demonstrated by J. adhatoda L. species, while A. sativum L. shows maximum RFC (0.58), the highest ICF value represented by diarrhea and dermatitis 0.92, and high FL value is recorded 100%. According to our collections, wild species were 45%, invasive species were 38% and cultivated 17% recorded, dicots species were recorded more 81%. Seven 7 medicinal species is being economically important and export to the local and international market of the world, whereas P. integrima L. species were the most exported species according to the local dealers. The investigated area is rural and the local people depend on the area's plants for their health needs, and other uses like a vegetable, fuelwood, fodder, etc. The current result of RFC, UV, ICF, FL, and JI shows that medicinal flora needs to be pharmacologically and phytochemically investigated to prove their efficacy. The documentation of medicinal knowledge is important to preserve this precious old knowledge before it is lost forever, due to technological and environmental changes in the world.


Resumo A medicina tradicional é mais barata e facilmente disponível à população local para cuidar das doenças mais frequentes nas áreas do norte do Paquistão. Nosso estudo teve como objetivo inventariar medicamentos de plantas locais, documentar seus usos e avaliar seu valor de mercado em 2015-2018 durante as temporadas de primavera, verão e inverno. Foram feitas 15 viagens, 5 em cada temporada. Foram realizadas entrevistas semiestruturadas com 165 moradores na faixa etária de 20 a 80 anos, com dados analisados ​​por meio de frequência relativa de citação (RFC), valor de uso (UV), nível de fidelidade (FL), fator de consenso de informantes (CIF), e o índice de Jaccard (JI) para encontrar as espécies utilizadas mais frequentes e conhecidas na área. Um total de 86 espécies pertencentes a 39 famílias de plantas vasculares, 33 gêneros foram documentados como medicamente importantes. A família Asteraceae foi observada como a família dominante entre todas as famílias com 10 espécies, a folha foi a parte mais utilizada e a decocção 36% foi o tipo de preparação mais preferido. A erva foi a forma de vida predominante (67%). O UV máximo (0,92) foi demonstrado pelas espécies de J. adhatoda L., enquanto A. sativum L. mostra RFC máximo (0,58), o maior valor de ICF representado por diarreia e dermatite 0,92, e alto valor de FL é registrado 100%. De acordo com nossas coleções, as espécies selvagens foram 45%, as espécies invasoras 38% e as cultivadas 17% registradas, as espécies dicotiledôneas foram registradas mais 81%. Sete espécies medicinais estão sendo economicamente importantes e exportadas para o mercado local e internacional do mundo, enquanto as espécies de P. integrima L. foram as espécies mais exportadas de acordo com os comerciantes locais. A área investigada é rural e a população local depende das plantas da área para suas necessidades de saúde e outros usos como vegetal, lenha, forragem etc. O resultado atual de RFC, UV, ICF, FL e JI mostra que a flora medicinal precisa ser investigada farmacológica e fitoquimicamente para comprovar sua eficácia. A documentação do conhecimento medicinal é importante para preservar esse precioso conhecimento antigo antes que se perca para sempre, devido às mudanças tecnológicas e ambientais do mundo.


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Adulto Joven , Plantas Medicinales , Pakistán , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Hojas de la Planta , Etnobotánica , Fitoterapia , Medicina Tradicional
3.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 23(2): 128-130, 2023 Jun.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35722851

RESUMEN

AIM: Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a common clinical condition in which the throat narrows or collapses repeatedly during sleep, causing obstructive sleep apnoea events. This disorder is present in the paediatric population with a prevalence estimated between 1.2% and 5.8%. Down Syndrome (DS) is the most common chromosomal alteration associated with mental disability and characterised by other clinical manifestations, and its incidence is estimated at 1/800 births worldwide. Most of the craniofacial features typical of DS represent a risk factor for the development of OSAS. Routine screening has been recommended in some countries but it is still not a standard practice. The aim of this study is the Italian linguistic validation of a questionnaire for the diagnosis of OSAS in children with Down Syndrome. METHODS: After careful review of the existing scientific literature, a specific questionnaire was selected for the diagnosis of OSAS in children with DS. The questionnaire was then translated into Italian and administered to 111 parents of children with Down syndrome, for online completion. The last part of the questionnaire was dedicated to the comprehension of the questionnaire itself, with a specific focus on its clarity, accuracy and difficulty in completing it. CONCLUSION: The positive feedback registered in the comprehension part of the questionnaire, certified the good quality of the Italian translation and confirmed the questionnaire as a useful screening method to identify the comorbidity of OSAS and DS.


Asunto(s)
Síndrome de Down , Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño , Niño , Síndrome de Down/complicaciones , Síndrome de Down/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Down/epidemiología , Humanos , Lingüística , Faringe , Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño/diagnóstico , Apnea Obstructiva del Sueño/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
4.
Int Arch Occup Environ Health ; 95(3): 559-571, 2022 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35220487

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Estimate the effort-reward imbalance prevalence (ERI) among physicians. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted from 2005 to 2019 using PRISMA guidelines on the PubMed and EBSCOhost search engines. Data were classified according to the ERI definition used by the authors. A meta-analysis was performed on effort and reward scores and on ERI prevalence rates. RESULTS: Out of 3787 results, we selected 41 studies. The physicians' ERI prevalence rate ranged from 3.50 to 96.9%. The standardized pooled effort mean score was 58.5 for effort and 48.9 for a reward out of 100, respectively. The overall combined ERI rate (when the ratio between effort and reward scores was above 1) was 40.2% among 21,939 practitioners (31.7% in the working European population). ERI rate was 70.2% using a four-point Likert scale and 21.1% using a five-point Likert scale. The highest rate (96.9%) was observed among German rural general practitioners and the lowest rate (3.50%) among Swiss hospital practitioners. The low percentage of variability (I2 = 27%) attributed to effort scores heterogeneity between studies suggested that this dimension is not discriminant in the physician ERI assessment. The high heterogeneity in reward scores (I2 = 83%) indicated that this dimension is sensible in ERI assessment among physicians. The number of items used did not appear as a significant source of heterogeneity. CONCLUSION: Physician job ERI appeared to be higher than in the working population. Studying each dimension and item indicators could help improve psychosocial risk prevention.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción en el Trabajo , Médicos , Humanos , Médicos/psicología , Prevalencia , Recompensa , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Carga de Trabajo/psicología
5.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 104(4): 288-294, 2022 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34931536

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Motor imagery and mental practice are important for the acquisition and mastery of surgical skills. The success of this technique relies on the use of a well-developed mental script. In this study, we shared how we developed a mental script for basic micro suturing training by using a low-fidelity rubber glove model. METHODS: This study applied the design and development research framework. Five expert surgeons developed a mental script by performing a cognitive walkthrough to repair a vertical opening in a rubber glove model, followed by hierarchical task analysis. A draft script was created, and its face and content validity assessed with a checking-back process. Twenty-eight surgeons used the Mental Imagery Questionnaire (MIQ) to assess the validity of the final script. RESULTS: The process of developing the mental script is detailed. The assessment by the expert panel showed the mental script had good face and content validity. The mean overall MIQ score was 5.2±1.1 (standard deviation), demonstrating the validity of generating mental imagery from the mental script developed in this study for micro suturing in the rubber glove model. CONCLUSION: The methodological approach described in this study is based on a design and development research framework to teach surgical skills. This model is inexpensive and easily accessible, addressing the challenges of reduced opportunities to practise surgical skills. However, although motor skills are important, the surgeon's other non-technical expertise is not addressed with this model. Thus, this model should act as one surgical training approach, but not replace it.


Asunto(s)
Competencia Clínica , Cirujanos , Humanos , Destreza Motora , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Suturas
6.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225337, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1366230

RESUMEN

Aim: To elaborate and validate an instrument for Brazilian Portuguese speakers, to assess dentists' knowledge about care of patients with diabetes mellitus (Dental-Diabetes). Methods: Methodological study comprising four stages: a) Elaboration of instrument; b) Content validation (computing Content Validity Index - CVI) based on Expert Committee assessment; c) Pre-test with 30 dentists, followed by assessment of suggestions by Expert Committee; d) Psychometric validation through instrument application in a sample of 127 dentists by means of the web tool e-Surv. Cronbach's alpha and intraclass correlation coefficients were used to evaluate, respectively, internal consistency and reproducibility. Results: The final version of the instrument consists of 22 questions (7 on sociodemographic data and 15 querying dentists' knowledge) and those submitted for validation attained a CVI of 0.95 [95% CI 0.916-0,981], showing satisfactory internal consistency, with 0.794 Cronbach's alpha [95% CI 0.741-0.842] and an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.799 [95% CI: 0.746-0.846] between the test and retest scores. Conclusions: Dental-Diabetes is a comprehensive instrument, culturally adequate and validated to assess dentists' knowledge about care of patients with diabetes


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Conocimientos, Actitudes y Práctica en Salud , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Odontólogos , Diabetes Mellitus , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
7.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225272, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1354777

RESUMEN

Aim: To compare the pre-clinical and clinical students` perceptions about the non-pharmacological behaviour management techniques in paediatric dentistry and to investigate the influence of the dental curriculum on the students` knowledge regarding this issue. Methods: A total of 283 students from the IV-and X-semester completed a questionnaire, consisted of 12 statements, describing the nonpharmacological behaviour management techniques for the treatment of paediatric dental patients. The acceptability rate was evaluated with a Likert scale ranging from 1 to 5. Results: The students from all courses demonstrated high acceptance for Reinforcement and Desensitization techniques and low for the Negative reinforcement and Physical restraint. The comparison between the perceptions of the pre-clinical and clinical students demonstrated a statistically significant increase in the acceptance of the physical restraint, along with Nonverbal communication, Modelling and Parental presence/absence (p<0.05). Conclusion: The results provide information about the students' knowledge and skills in behaviour management techniques together with some insights about how the educational process can modify the students` perceptions and views in dealing with paediatric dental patients


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Estudiantes de Odontología , Conducta , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Odontología Pediátrica , Métodos
8.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225580, jan.-dez. 2022. tab
Artículo en Inglés | LILACS, BBO - Odontología | ID: biblio-1354782

RESUMEN

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the decision-making by patients to replace temporary restorations with permanent restorations after endodontic treatment and to verify the associated factors and evaluate the quality/integrity of the temporary restorative material within one month. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study using non-probabilistic sampling which analyzed patients after one month of endodontic treatment. The self-administered questionnaire contained sociodemographic, treatment decision-making and endodontic treatment questions. The restoration present in the mouth was evaluated in the clinical oral examination. The Poisson Regression test was used to verify the prevalence ratio. Results: The prevalence failure to perform permanent restorations was 61.1% of patients, and 42.7% reported not having adhered. The reasons are lack of time and not knowing the importance of replacing the restoration with a definitive one. The glass ionomer temporary restorative frequency was higher among those who chose not to replace the temporary restoration with a permanent one (PR=5.19; 95%CI 2.10-12.33). In addition, there was an association between the quality of the restorative material and the type of material, and the best clinical quality of the restoration was statistically associated with glass ionomer and composite resin. Conclusions: The findings show the importance of guidance by the dental surgeon in helping patients decide to replace their temporary restoration


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Restauración Dental Permanente , Restauración Dental Provisional , Endodoncia
9.
Int J Health Care Qual Assur ; ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print)2022 Aug 04.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915934

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate and compare the views of doctors, nursing staff and hospitalized patients on the level of information they provide and receive respectively in public hospitals, focusing on the factors that affect their communication. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The study used a cross-sectional survey with a sample of 426 participants from two general hospitals in Greece-Pella and KAT Attica. Data were collected through a questionnaire in March-May 2020 and was analyzed with mean comparisons and correlations. FINDINGS: The results showed discrepancy in the satisfaction rate, with 67.3% satisfied patients from doctors' communication vs. 83.7% satisfied doctors. Improvements in hospital staff - patient communication are required especially on alternative therapies' discussion and time spent on communication. All respondents agreed that staff shortage is a deterrent factor for effective communication. Seamless for all respondents' groups, the factors that affect the communication satisfaction level are the duration of communication, time allowed for expressing questions and interest in patients' personal situation. PRACTICAL IMPLICATIONS: Strengthening the communication skills of medical staff and providing clear guidelines on when and how to inform patients are essential. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: This study contributes to the growing body of research on doctor-patient communication. Its originality lies on the fact that communication satisfaction level was examined simultaneously for doctors, nurses and patients. The study provides additional evidence supporting the link among satisfaction and duration of communication and personalized relationship. The study's findings are important in the training of medical staff and the management of patients' expectations.


Asunto(s)
Satisfacción del Paciente , Satisfacción Personal , Comunicación , Estudios Transversales , Humanos , Cuerpo Médico , Relaciones Médico-Paciente , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
10.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915938

RESUMEN

Objective: To analyze the mediating effect of work-occupation fit between occupational stress and anxiety symptoms in medical staff. Methods: Convenience sampling method was adopted to select participants of one general hospital and three specialized hospitals as respondents for a questionnaire survey in Henan Province from October 2020 to January 2021. A total of 2050 medical staff were investigated, and 1988 valid questionnaires were collected, and the effective rate of the questionnaire was 97.0% (1988/2050) . The "Depression-Anxiety-Stress Scale" and "Worker-Occupation Fit Inventory" were used to evaluate the occupational stress, anxiety symptoms and worker-occupation fit level of medical staff, and the mediation effect of work-occupation fit on the relationship between occupational stress and anxiety symptoms was analyzed using a mediating effect model. Results: The average age of the 1988 medical staff was (32.7±7.8) years old, the positive detection rates of occupational stress and anxiety symptoms were 42.5% (845/1988) and 56.7% (1127/1988) , respectively. Anxiety symptoms of medical staff were positively correlated with occupational stress, negatively correlated with worker-occupation fit (r=0.831, -0.364, P<0.001) , work-occupation fit was negatively correlated with occupational stress (r=-0.259, P<0.001) . The results of the mediation effect analysis showed that occupational stress had a direct effect on anxiety symptoms (ß=0.677, BCa 95%CI: 0.648-0.707) , and worker-occupation fit (ß=0.047, BCa 95%CI: 0.039-0.056) , characteristic fit (ß=0.089, BCa 95%CI: 0.074-0.104) , need-supply fit (ß=0.075, BCa 95%CI: 0.062-0.089) , and ability-demand fit (ß=0.035, BCa 95%CI: 0.026-0.044) mediated the association between occupational stress and anxiety symptoms in medical staff, with the mediating effect as a percentage of 6.5%, 12.3%, 10.3%, and 4.8%, respectively. Conclusion: Worker-occupation fit has a mediating effect between occupational stress and anxiety symptoms in medical staff, but mainly direct effect.


Asunto(s)
Estrés Laboral , Estrés Psicológico , Adulto , Ansiedad/epidemiología , Depresión , Humanos , Cuerpo Médico , Estrés Laboral/epidemiología , Ocupaciones , Estrés Psicológico/epidemiología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Adulto Joven
11.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35915943

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the application of GBZ/T 220.2-2009 "The Specification of Radiological Protection Assessment for Occupational Hazard in Construction Project-Part 2: Radiotherapy Facility" in health management institutions, and to understand the scientificity, practicability and problems existing in the implementation of the standard. Methods: The method of multistage stratified sampling and questionnaire survey were used to collect the standard application status among 96 radiological health managers who had participated in the evaluation of radiotherapy facility construction projects in 6 provinces and cities from November 2020 to April 2021. A descriptive statistical analysis method was used to analyze the basic information of the survey object, the knowledge of the standard, the publicity and implementation of the standard. Results: The radiological health management personnel mainly came from health supervision agencies (62.5%, 60/96) , and 86.5% (83/96) were engaged in the pre-evaluation of radiotherapy device construction project and the approval and supervision of control effect evaluation. The awareness rate and training rate of radiological health managers on GBZ/T 220.2-2009 were 88.5% (85/96) and 31.3% (30/96) , respectively. 89.6% (86/96) managers thought it could meet the needs of radiotherapy facility construction project approval or supervision. 49.0% (47/96) of managers believed that the standard needed to be revised. Conclusion: The content of GBZ/T 220.2-2009 is basically scientific and reasonable, but the publicity, implementation and training of radiological health administrator still need to be strengthened. It is suggested to revise some clauses in the standard that do not meet the requirements.


Asunto(s)
Protección Radiológica , Personal Administrativo , Arquitectura y Construcción de Instituciones de Salud , Humanos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
12.
Neurosurg Focus ; 53(2): E9, 2022 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35916091

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: Imposter syndrome (IS) occurs when high-achieving individuals have a pervasive sense of self-doubt combined with fear of being exposed as a fraud, despite objective measures of success. This is one of the main causes of burnout among professionals, threatening their mental health and general well-being. The prevalence and severity of IS among neurosurgery residents and young neurosurgeons has not been yet studied. The primary outcomes of this study were the prevalence and severity of IS. METHODS: An anonymous cross-sectional survey including both a demographic questionnaire (Clance Imposter Phenomenon Survey) and compensatory mechanisms was distributed to young neurosurgeons and residents in neurosurgery in Italy. RESULTS: A total of 103 responses were collected. The prevalence rate was 81.6%. Among the respondents with IS, 42.7% showed moderate signs, 27.2% frequent, and only 11.7% had an intense symptomatology. Level of education, female sex, and academic achievements were all identified as predictive factors of IS. CONCLUSIONS: A total of 81.6% of respondents reported potentially significant levels. The implications of IS on both the outcomes in patients and the well-being of neurosurgeons should be evaluated in future studies.


Asunto(s)
Internado y Residencia , Neurocirugia , Trastornos de Ansiedad , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Neurocirujanos/educación , Neurocirugia/educación , Prevalencia , Autoimagen , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
13.
Front Public Health ; 10: 862978, 2022.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35910882

RESUMEN

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic led to visiting restrictions (VRs) of patients in hospitals. Social contacts between patients' relatives play an important role in convalescence. Isolation may cause new psychological comorbidity. The present study investigated the psychological distress of VR in in-patients and their relatives. Methods: From April 1, 2020 to May 20, 2020, 313 in-patients (≥14 years) of the University Medical Center Rostock were interviewed by questionnaires and 51 relatives by phone. Subjective psychological distress was assessed by a distress thermometer [0 (not at all)-100 (extreme)]. The study also investigated stressors due to VR, psychological distress in dependence on demographic or disease-related data, currently used communication channels and desired alternatives and support. Results: Relatives were more psychologically distressed by VR than in-patients (59 ± 34 vs. 38 ± 30, p = 0.002). Loss of direct physical contact and facial expressions/gestures resulted in the most distress. Psychological distress due to VR was independent of demographics and indicates small positive correlations with the severity of physical restriction and the general psychological distress of in-patients. The most frequent ways of communication were via phone and social media. Frequently requested alternatives for patients were other interlocutors and free phone/tablet use, for relatives visiting rooms with partitions. Conclusion: VRs are a stressor for patients and their relatives. The establishment of visiting rooms with partitions and the free use of phones/tablets could reduce the additional distress.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Distrés Psicológico , COVID-19/epidemiología , Humanos , Pandemias , Estrés Psicológico/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
14.
Int J Med Educ ; 13: 198-204, 2022 Jul 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35916647

RESUMEN

Objectives: To determine whether Empathy, Emotional Intelligence, and Burnout scores differ by specialty in incoming residents. Methods: This is a single-site, prospective, cross-sectional study. Three validated survey instruments, the Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, Maslach Burnout Inventory, and Emotional and Social Competency Inventory, were written into a survey platform as a single 125-question Qualtrics survey. Over three academic years, 2015-2017, 229 incoming residents across all specialties were emailed the survey link during orientation. Residents were grouped by incoming specialty with anonymity assured. A total of 229 responses were included, with 121 (52.8%) identifying as female. Statistical analysis was performed using the Analysis of Variance or Kruskal-Wallis test, Chi-Square or Fisher's Exact test, and Independent Samples t-test or Mann Whitney U test. A Bonferroni correction was applied for pairwise comparisons. Results: Family Medicine had a higher median Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy score (127) compared to Emergency Medicine (115), (U=767.7, p=0.0330). Maslach Burnout Inventory depersonalization and personal accomplishment subcategory scores showed a significant difference between specialties when omnibus tests were performed, but pairwise comparisons with emergency medicine residents showed no differences. Differences were found in the Maslach Burnout Inventory categories of Depersonalization (χ2(8, N=229) =15.93, p=0.0434) and Personal Accomplishment level (χ2(8, N=229) =20.80, p=0.0077) between specialties. Conclusions: Differences in measures of well-being exist across specialties, even prior to the start of residency training. The implication for educators of residency training is that some incoming residents, regardless of specialty, already exhibit troublesome features of burnout, and resources to effectively deal with these residents should be developed and utilized.


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional , Internado y Residencia , Médicos , Agotamiento Profesional/epidemiología , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Médicos/psicología , Estudios Prospectivos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
15.
JAMA Netw Open ; 5(8): e2224657, 2022 Aug 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917125

RESUMEN

Importance: Despite the high 3-dose vaccination rate among health care workers (HCWs) in Israel, a high rate of SARS-CoV-2 breakthrough infections in this group was observed during the Omicron wave. As a result, the Israeli Ministry of Health decided to recommend a fourth vaccine dose to medical staff. Objective: To evaluate the benefit of a fourth BNT162b2 vaccine dose on the breakthrough infection rate among HCWs. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter cohort study was performed in January 2022, the first month of the 4-dose vaccination campaign, during a surge of the Omicron variant wave. All health care workers at 11 general hospitals in Israel who had been vaccinated with 3 doses up to September 30, 2021, and had not contracted COVID-19 before the vaccination campaign were included. Exposures: Vaccination with a fourth dose of the BNT162b2 vaccine during January 2022. Main Outcomes and Measures: Breakthrough COVID-19 infections in 4-dose recipients vs 3-dose recipients measured by a polymerase chain reaction test result positive for SARS-CoV-2. Health care workers were tested based on symptoms or exposure. Results: A total of 29 611 Israeli HCWs (19 381 [65%] female; mean [SD] age, 44 [12] years) had received 3 vaccine doses between August and September 2021; of these, 5331 (18%) received the fourth dose in January 2022 and were not infected by the first week after vaccination. Overall breakthrough infection rates were 368 of 5331 (7%) in the 4-dose group and 4802 of 24280 (20%) in the 3-dose group (relative risk, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.32-0.39). Similar reductions were found in a matched analysis by the exact day of receiving the third vaccine (relative risk, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.54-0.71) and in a time-dependent Cox proportional hazards regression model (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.50-0.63). In both groups, no severe disease or death occurred. Conclusions and Relevance: In this cohort study, the fourth BNT162b2 vaccine dose resulted in a reduced breakthrough infection rate among hospital staff. This reduction was lower than that observed after the third dose; nevertheless, considering the high infectivity of the Omicron variant, which led to critical medical staff shortages, a fourth vaccine dose should be considered to mitigate the infection rate among HCWs.


Asunto(s)
COVID-19 , Vacunas contra la Influenza , Gripe Humana , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Vacuna BNT162 , COVID-19/epidemiología , COVID-19/prevención & control , Vacunas contra la COVID-19 , Niño , Estudios de Cohortes , Femenino , Humanos , Gripe Humana/prevención & control , Israel/epidemiología , Masculino , Personal de Hospital , SARS-CoV-2 , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
18.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 70(8): 2855-2860, 2022 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35918929

RESUMEN

Purpose: To assess different approaches in the management of aphakia in adults in Indian ophthalmologists via an online survey. Methods: A survey-monkey based online questionnaire was fielded to Indian ophthalmologists in accordance with the CHERRIES guidelines. We recorded participants' demographics, practice settings, and preferred surgical options including the type of intraocular lens (IOL) preferred when encountering a case of aphakia in adults with and without adequate capsular support. Differences between anterior segment (AS) surgeons and vitreoretinal (VR) surgeons as well as differences between surgeons with more or less than 10 years of surgical experience were evaluated using analytic statistics. Results: Of the 481 surgeons who responded to the survey, 369 (77%) were AS surgeons and the remaining 112 (23%) were VR surgeons and represented all regions of India. When encountering posterior capsular rent during cataract surgery, a three-piece IOL in the ciliary sulcus was the most preferred (n = 275, 57%) when there was adequate capsular support, while a retrofixated iris-claw IOL (n = 91, 19%) was the commonest choice in eyes without adequate capsular support. With associated nucleus drop, 85% of surgeons preferred to refer the patient to a VR surgeon and left the eye aphakic. Multivariable logistic regression showed that VR surgeons were more than six times likely to prefer a scleral fixated intraocular lens (SFIOLs) [odds ratio (OR) = 6.5, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 3.4-12.5, P < 0.001] and surgeons with >10 years of experience were also twice more likely to prefer an SFIOL (OR = 2.4, 95% CI = 1.2-4.9, P = 0.02). Conclusion: The choice of IOL in absence of capsular support in adult eyes differs between AS and VR surgeons and is also influenced by the surgeon's experience.


Asunto(s)
Afaquia Poscatarata , Afaquia , Lentes Intraoculares , Afaquia/cirugía , Afaquia Poscatarata/cirugía , Humanos , Implantación de Lentes Intraoculares , Estudios Retrospectivos , Esclerótica/cirugía , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
19.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 70(8): 2956-2961, 2022 Aug.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35918952

RESUMEN

Purpose: This study aims to assess the preferred surgical technique of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) among corneal surgeons in India, and barriers in performing DMEK surgeries amongst the non-DMEK surgeons. Methods: An online, questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted among members of the Cornea Society of India (CSI) (n = 500). Responses on their surgical experience, preferred technique, complications, and outcome of DMEK were collected and analyzed. Barriers in performing DMEK surgeries were assessed amongst the non-DMEK surgeons. Results: A total of 100 responses were obtained and response rate for the survey was 20%. DMEK was performed by 55% of the participants of whom only 40% had formal training in this technique. Surgical video-based learning was the most often used self-training method for others. Lack of training was the most common reason for not performing DMEK by the non-DMEK surgeons. Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSEK) was the most common endothelial keratoplasty (EK) performed by both DMEK and non-DMEK surgeons. High volume (>50 cases) DMEK surgeries were reported by limited surgeons (n = 6). Nearly all the DMEK surgeons prepared the donor tissue by themselves on the day of the surgery, and majority felt that unrolling the graft in the anterior chamber was the most difficult surgical step. Nearly 80% of the DMEK surgeons were more comfortable with DSEK or Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) when compared to DMEK. Conclusion: DMEK practice in India needs improvement with increased accessibility to DMEK training programs, wet lab facilities, and better support from eye banks.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades de la Córnea , Queratoplastia Endotelial de la Lámina Limitante Posterior , Cirujanos , Enfermedades de la Córnea/cirugía , Estudios Transversales , Lámina Limitante Posterior/cirugía , Queratoplastia Endotelial de la Lámina Limitante Posterior/métodos , Endotelio Corneal , Humanos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios , Agudeza Visual
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