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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(8): e19167, 2020 Feb.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080095

RESUMEN

To verify the validity of functional health literacy scale and analyze what influences functional health literacy.Using convenience sampling method based on cross-sectional data to select 589 left-behind senior high-school students in an ethnic minority area, using the functional health literacy scale.The scale results were relatively strong, and the absolute fitness index, value-added fitness index, and simple fitness index reached the fitness standards. The overall functional health literacy score was (0.65 ±â€Š0.12), which falls within the upper middle class. Gender(t = 2.40, P < .05), ethnicity (t = 4.28, P < .001), place of residence (t =  = 4.51, P < .001), mother's education level (F = 3.608, P < .05), self-assessment of grades for 1 year (F = 25.781, P < .001), and whether the participant liked the health education content (F = 9.416, P < .001) had impacts on overall functional health literacy.The study results show that relatively satisfactory reliability and validity and can be applied further analysis for improving students functional health literacy levels.


Asunto(s)
Grupos Étnicos/estadística & datos numéricos , Alfabetización en Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Grupos Minoritarios/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Éxito Académico , Adolescente , China/epidemiología , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Educación en Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , República de Corea/etnología , Características de la Residencia/estadística & datos numéricos , Población Rural/estadística & datos numéricos , Factores Sexuales
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18741, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914092

RESUMEN

Inappropriate care for patients with cognitive dysfunction in the hospital could worsen quality of care and medical service satisfaction.All elderly participants were recruited from acute wards of 5 departments in an university hospital. They were administered the Chinese version of Ascertain Dementia 8 (AD8) at admission and the Nursing Service Satisfaction Questionnaire before discharge.A total of 345 participants completed the study. There were 91 (26.4%) participants with AD8 ≥ 2, the cut-off value of high risk of dementia. The prevalence was much higher than prior community-based reports. The Nursing Service Satisfaction Score was significantly lower in AD8 ≥ 2 than in AD8 < 2 (56.99 ±â€Š0.94 vs 60.55 ±â€Š0.48, P < .01).Using AD8 in hospital-based screening might be more efficient than in the community in terms of cost-effectiveness due to higher positive rate and easier approach to diagnostic facilities. AD8 ≥ 2 is also an indicator to identify care dissatisfaction among inpatients. By identifying patients with cognitive dysfunction, such as its related communication barriers, care systems could be tailored for more friendly services.


Asunto(s)
Demencia/diagnóstico , Demencia/enfermería , Tamizaje Masivo/métodos , Satisfacción del Paciente , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Análisis Costo-Beneficio , Demencia/epidemiología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Tamizaje Masivo/economía , Tamizaje Masivo/normas , Persona de Mediana Edad , Calidad de la Atención de Salud/normas , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
3.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 2, 2020 Jan 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898541

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To develop separate item banks for three health domains of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) ranked as important by Singaporeans - physical functioning, social relationships, and positive mindset. METHODS: We adapted the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System Qualitative Item Review protocol, with input and endorsement from laymen and experts from various relevant fields. Items were generated from 3 sources: 1) thematic analysis of focus groups and in-depth interviews for framework (n = 134 participants) and item(n = 52 participants) development, 2) instruments identified from a literature search (PubMed) of studies that developed or validated a HRQOL instrument among adults in Singapore, 3) a priori identified instruments of particular relevance. Items from these three sources were "binned" and "winnowed" by two independent reviewers, blinded to the source of the items, who harmonized their selections to generate a list of candidate items (each item representing a subdomain). Panels with lay and expert representation, convened separately for each domain, reviewed the face and content validity of these candidate items and provided inputs for item revision. The revised items were further refined in cognitive interviews. RESULTS: Items from our qualitative studies (51 physical functioning, 44 social relationships, and 38 positive mindset), the literature review (36 instruments from 161 citations), and three a priori identified instruments, underwent binning, winnowing, expert panel review, and cognitive interview. This resulted in 160 candidate items (61 physical functioning, 51 social relationships, and 48 positive mindset). CONCLUSIONS: We developed item banks for three important health domains in Singapore using inputs from potential end-users and the published literature. The next steps are to calibrate the item banks, develop computerized adaptive tests (CATs) using the calibrated items, and evaluate the validity of test scores when these item banks are administered adaptively.


Asunto(s)
Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto , Femenino , Grupos Focales , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Medición de Resultados Informados por el Paciente , Psicometría/instrumentación , Investigación Cualitativa , Singapur
4.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 1, 2020 Jan 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31898546

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Well-adapted and validated quality-of-life measurement models for the nursing home population are scarce. Therefore, the aim of this study was to test the psychometrical properties of the OPQoL-brief questionnaire among cognitively intact nursing home residents. The research question addressed evidence related to the dimensionality, reliability and construct validity, all of which considered interrelated measurement properties. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected during 2017-2018, in 27 nursing homes representing four different Norwegian municipalities, located in Western and Mid-Norway. The total sample comprised 188 of 204 (92% response rate) long-term nursing home residents who met the inclusion criteria: (1) municipality authority's decision of long-term nursing home care; (2) residential time 3 months or longer; (3) informed consent competency recognized by responsible doctor and nurse; and (4) capable of being interviewed. RESULTS: Principal component analysis and confirmative factor analyses indicated a unidimensional solution. Five of the original 13 items showed low reliability and validity; excluding these items revealed a good model fit for the one-dimensional 8-items measurement model, showing good internal consistency and validity for these 8 items. CONCLUSION: Five out of the 13 original items were not high-quality indicators of quality-of-life showing low reliability and validity in this nursing home population. Significant factor loadings, goodness-of-fit indices and significant correlations in the expected directions with the selected constructs (anxiety, depression, self-transcendence, meaning-in-life, nurse-patient interaction, and joy-of-life) supported the psychometric properties of the OPQoL-brief questionnaire. Exploring the essence of quality-of-life when residing in a nursing home is highly warranted, followed by development and validation of new tools assessing quality-of-life in this population. Such knowledge and well-adapted scales for the nursing home population are beneficial and important for the further development of care quality in nursing homes, and consequently for quality-of-life and wellbeing in this population.


Asunto(s)
Hogares para Ancianos , Casas de Salud , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Estudios Transversales , Análisis Factorial , Femenino , Evaluación Geriátrica/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Noruega , Análisis de Componente Principal , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
5.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 21, 2020 01 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992291

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The current study was performed; to validate the Arabic version of WHO child oral health assessment tool (A-OHAT), to assess the oral health status of Arab school children and finally to identify the important risk factors associated with the poor teeth and gum conditions of school children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with two-staged simple random sampling technique was implemented. A-OHAT, a self-assessment tool was subjected to psychometric analyses with the respondents being high school children. The Cronbach's alpha and the Intra class correlation values were computed. Paired t-test was performed to identify the differences between the readings after repeated administration, followed by the analysis for convergent validity. This tested Arabic-WHO Child-OHAT was administered to collect the data. Univariate, bivariate and logistic regression analyses were performed to report on the potential risk factors associated with poor teeth and poor gum conditions of school children. RESULTS: Psychometric analyses revealed that the Arabic Child Oral Health Assessment Tool (A-OHAT) was reliable and valid. A total of 478 (N) high school children were subjected to the tested tool, of which 66.5% were male and 33.5% were female with a mean age of 16.28 + 1.04 years. 80.3% of school children had poor teeth condition and 36.2% of school children had often experienced toothache. Children had 1.5 times higher odds of having poor teeth condition if they had increased frequency of sweet and candy consumption. It was also seen that increased frequency of sweets and candy consumption by school children had put them at nearly 20% higher risk of having poor gum condition. Finally, children with the habit of using toothbrush had nearly 50% lower chance of having poor gum condition in contrast to the school children who do not use toothbrush. CONCLUSION: To conclude, the study provides a reliable and valid tool to assess the oral health status of Arab adolescents. Improper oral hygiene habits and diet were identified as the plausible risk factors for poor teeth and gum condition.


Asunto(s)
Árabes , Encuestas de Salud Bucal/normas , Salud Bucal , Higiene Bucal/estadística & datos numéricos , Psicometría/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adolescente , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Enfermedades de la Boca/diagnóstico , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Arabia Saudita , Autoinforme , Odontopatías/diagnóstico , Traducciones
6.
Accid Anal Prev ; 134: 105351, 2020 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715548

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Mindful organizing (also known as collective mindfulness) is a team level construct that is said to underpin the principles of high-reliability organizations (HROs), as it has shown to lead to almost error-free performance. While mindful organizing research has proliferated in recent years, studies on how to measure mindful organizing are scarce. Vogus and Sutcliffe (2007) originally validated a nine-item "Mindful Organizing Scale" but few subsequent validation studies of this scale exist. The present study aimed to validate a Spanish version of the Mindful Organizing Scale. METHOD: The sample included 47 teams (comprising of a total of 573 workers with an average team size of 12.19) from a Spanish nuclear power plant. A confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), reliability analysis, and an analysis of aggregation indices were carried out. A correlation analysis and CFA were used to further validate the scale in terms of its distinctiveness from, and relationship with, other team-related variables such as safety culture, team safety climate, and team learning. Finally, evidence of criterion-related validity was collected by testing the incremental validity of the mindful organizing scale in the association with various workplace safety outcomes (safety compliance and safety participation). RESULTS: The results confirmed a unidimensional structure of the scale and indicated satisfactory internal consistency. Aggregation of the scores to the team level was justified while significant positive correlations between mindful organizing and other team-related variables (safety culture, team safety climate, team learning) were found. Moreover, mindful organizing showed distinctiveness from safety culture, team safety climate and team learning. Finally, incremental validity of the scale was supported, as it shows to be associated with safety compliance and safety participation above and beyond other related constructs. CONCLUSIONS: The Spanish version of the Mindful Organizing Scale has shown to be a valid and reliable scale that can be used to measure mindful organizing. CONTRIBUTIONS: The validation of the unidimensional Spanish version of Vogus and Sutcliffe's (2007) Mindful Organizing Scale provides researchers and practitioners with a reliable and valid tool to use in Spanish speaking organizations to measure mindful organizing, which has been shown to result in more reliable performance. Theoretically, this study offers four contributions. Firstly, it validates a scale that operationalizes the 'mindful organizing' construct in a traditional high-reliability organization (nuclear power plant) which has never been done before. Secondly, it offers evidence that a mindful organizing scale can be validated in a new cultural context and language (Spanish) to any of the previous studies done before it. Thirdly, it adds to our understanding of mindful organizing's nomological network by distinguishing it from other team and safety-related variables. Lastly, it builds on current research showing sound psychometric properties of a one-dimensional, quantitative measure of mindful organizing.


Asunto(s)
Atención Plena , Administración de la Seguridad/organización & administración , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto , Análisis Factorial , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Plantas de Energía Nuclear/organización & administración , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Traducciones
7.
Int Braz J Urol ; 46(1): 53-59, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851458

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: To translate, adapt and validate the International Consultation on Incontinence Modular Questionnaire on Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms ICIQ-FLUTS for the Brazilian female population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A translation of the questionnaire into Brazilian Portuguese was made followed by an adaptation for better understanding by native speakers. After that, the ICIQ-FLUTS was answered by eighty volunteers (n=80) twice (for interviewers 1 and 2) with an interval of 30 minutes between them. Furthermore, after 15 days from the evaluation, the participants answered the ICIQ-FLUTS again in order to verify the questionnaire stability over time. The questionnaires Utian Quality Of Life (UQOL) and International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form (ICIQ-SF), which are validated in Brazil were also applied to perform the validation. RESULTS: The result of the Cronbach α coefficient of the instrument presented a value of 0.832. The values for test-retest were 0.907 (inter-observer) and 0.901 (intra-observer). The correlation between ICIQ-FLUTS (score I - domain of urinary incontinence) with the ICIQ-SF (final score) was strong and positive (r=0.836, p=0.000). In addition, the ICIQ-FLUTS showed moderate and negative correlation with the total score of UQOL (r=-0.691, p=0.017). CONCLUSION: The Portuguese version of the ICIQ-FLUTS questionnaire showed strong correlation to ICIQ-SF questionnaire and satisfactory values to test-retest and internal consistency.


Asunto(s)
Síntomas del Sistema Urinario Inferior/fisiopatología , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Traducciones , Adulto , Brasil , Femenino , Humanos , Lenguaje , Persona de Mediana Edad , Estudios Prospectivos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
8.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eAO4858, 2020.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851225

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate the content of a tool aimed to select patients with hypertension for pharmaceutical care, based on identification of individuals in greater need of attention. METHODS: The tool was developed and assessed for face and content validity, which was carried out in three stages. Phase I consisted of comprehensive literature review, which prompted the development of the first version of the tool. Phase II consisted of validation by an expert panel. Phase III consisted of a pilot study with hypertensive patients and preparation of the final version of the instrument. RESULTS: Literature review yielded 30 studies, out of which 13 factors associated with hypertension and cardiovascular disease control and complications were selected. Once the initial version of the tool named INSAF-HAS was obtained, four expert meetings were held, each leading to instrument improvement until a final consensus was reached. In the pilot study, INSAF-HAS was applied to 30 patients with a diagnosis of hypertension for applicability pretest; adjustments were made and the final version of INSAF-HAS obtained. CONCLUSION: The INSAF-HAS tool developed in this study has face and content validity, and may contribute to the selection of patients with hypertension in greater need of pharmaceutical care services.


Asunto(s)
Antihipertensivos/uso terapéutico , Hipertensión/tratamiento farmacológico , Selección de Paciente , Servicios Farmacéuticos/normas , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/etiología , Progresión de la Enfermedad , Femenino , Humanos , Hipertensión/complicaciones , Masculino , Proyectos Piloto , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Factores de Riesgo
9.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(6): 1094-1104, 2019.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808396

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: The health-related QoL is a patient-centered evaluation covering several aspects. This evaluation seems to be particularly important in patients submitted to radical cystectomy (RC) and urinary diversion with ileal conduit (IC) or a neobladder (NB). OBJECTIVE: Review all recent data comparing QoL outcomes after radical cystectomy with NB and IC diversions. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic search in PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Cochrane databases was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) statement in December 2018. All articles published from January 01, 2012 to December 31, 2018, were included. A study was considered relevant if it compared QoL outcomes using validated questionnaires (EORTC QLQ C30, FACT-G, FACT-BL, FACT-VCI, and BCI). EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: In 11 included studies, a total of 1389 participants were accounted (730 NB and 659 IC cases). The studies were conducted in 8 different countries, two were prospective, and none was randomized. There were two studies favoring results with a neobladder, 3 with incontinent diversion and 6 with no differences. The EORTC-QLQ-C30 was the most used instrument (5 studies) followed by FACT VCI and BCI (3 studies each). Given the heterogeneity of data and lack of prospective studies, a meta-analysis was not performed. CONCLUSION: No superiority of one urinary diversion was characterized. It seems that the choice must be individualized with an extensive preoperative orientation of the patient and their relatives. That will probably infl uence how the patient accepts the new condition.


Asunto(s)
Cistectomía/rehabilitación , Calidad de Vida , Derivación Urinaria/rehabilitación , Cistectomía/métodos , Cistectomía/psicología , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Factores de Tiempo , Resultado del Tratamiento , Derivación Urinaria/métodos , Derivación Urinaria/psicología
10.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(12): 1290-1295, 2019 Dec 06.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795588

RESUMEN

Objective: To systematically review the structure and content of physical activity questionnaires for children and adolescents and assess the overall validity and reliability of the existing international questionnaires in the last 10 years. Methods: Search terms, including"Physical Activity" AND "Questionnaire" OR "Self-report" OR "Recall" AND "Child*" OR "Adolescen*" OR "Youth" AND 'Valid*' OR "Reliab*" OR "Reproducib*" OR "Sensitiv*" OR "Responsiv*", were searched for evaluation studies on physical activity questionnaires for children and adolescents in PubMed/Medline and EMBASE database from January 2008 to December 2018. The quality of eligible literature was assessed by using the consensus-based standards for the selection of health status measurement instruments (COSMIN). Results: A total of 37 articles containing 36 physical activity questionnaires in 7 989 participants were included. There were 68 studies on the assessment of the validity and reliability of assorted physical activity questionnaires, 45 studies for validity and 23 for reliability. The median Spearman correlation coefficients in validity studies were 0.28 for moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity, 0.15 for moderate-intensity physical activity, 0.27 for vigorous-intensity physical activity and 0.31 for physical activity energy expenditure. The median reliability correlation coefficients were 0.32 for sedentary behaviors, 0.53 for light-intensity physical activity, 0.80 for moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity, 0.54 for moderate-intensity physical activity and 0.69 for vigorous-intensity physical activity. Conclusion: The reliability of physical activity questionnaires measured moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity for children and adolescents is acceptable, but the validity is low.


Asunto(s)
Ejercicio , Estado de Salud , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adolescente , Niño , Humanos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Autoinforme
11.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 29: e80, 2019 Dec 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839026

RESUMEN

AIMS: No instrument has been developed to explicitly assess the professional culture of mental health workers interacting with severely mentally ill people in publicly or privately run mental health care services. Because of theoretical and methodological concerns, we designed a self-administered questionnaire to assess the professional culture of mental health services workers. The study aims to validate this tool, named the Mental Health Professional Culture Inventory (MHPCI). The MHPCI adopts the notion of 'professional culture' as a hybrid construct between the individual and the organisational level that could be directly associated with the professional practices of mental health workers. METHODS: The MHPCI takes into consideration a multidimensional definition of professional culture and a discrete number of psychometrically derived dimensions related to meaningful professional behaviour. The questionnaire was created and developed by a conjoint Italian-Canadian research team with the purpose of obtaining a fully cross-cultural questionnaire and was pretested in a pilot study. Subsequently, a validation survey was conducted in northern Italy and in Canada (Montreal area, Quebec). Data analysis was conducted in different steps designed to maximise the cross-cultural adaptation of the questionnaire through a recursive procedure consisting of performing a principal component analysis (PCA) on the Italian sample (N = 221) and then testing the resulting factorial model on the Canadian sample (N = 237). Reliability was also assessed with a test-retest design. RESULTS: Four dimensions emerged in the PCA and were verified in the confirmatory factor analysis: family involvement, users' sexuality, therapeutic framework and management of aggression risk. All the scales displayed good internal consistency and reliability. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests the MHPCI could be a valid and reliable instrument to measure the professional behaviour of mental health services workers. The content of the four scales is consistent with the literature on psychosocial rehabilitation, suggesting that the instrument could be used to evaluate staff behaviour regarding four crucial dimensions of mental health care.


Asunto(s)
Actitud del Personal de Salud/etnología , Competencia Cultural , Asistencia Sanitaria Culturalmente Competente , Personal de Salud/psicología , Servicios de Salud Mental/normas , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto , Canadá , Comparación Transcultural , Humanos , Italia , Salud Mental , Persona de Mediana Edad , Cultura Organizacional , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
12.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 20(2): e385, jul.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Artículo en Español | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003858

RESUMEN

Introducción: La coordinación entre niveles asistenciales centrada en las enfermedades frecuentes, graves y vulnerables, constituye un elemento esencial para incrementar la eficiencia del sistema sanitario con la ayuda del uso de instrumentos diagnósticos. Objetivo: Validar el Cuestionario de Edimburgo modificado para el diagnóstico de la claudicación arterial periférica en la atención primaria de salud. Métodos: Estudio de evaluación de instrumentos diagnósticos a través de un estudio explicativo observacional de corte transversal, en una muestra de 100 pacientes provenientes de la atención primaria de salud. El período de estudio fue el segundo semestre (julio-diciembre) de 2016. A todos los participantes se les realizó un examen físico vascular, se midieron los índices de presiones tobillo-brazo, se identificó la topografía de las lesiones arteriales de los miembros inferiores, se les aplicó el Cuestionario de Edimburgo modificado y se calculó su sensibilidad, especificidad, valores predictivos positivos y negativos y exactitud diagnóstica. Resultados: El examen físico vascular constató un predominio de la afección fémoro-poplítea (54,8 por ciento) seguido de la aorta-ilíaco (29,9 por ciento). Se obtuvo en la validación del Cuestionario una sensibilidad de 98 por ciento, una especificidad de 31,5 por ciento con alta probabilidad de tener falsos negativos. El valor predictivo positivo fue de 70 por ciento y el negativo de 92 por ciento. La exactitud de las pruebas diagnósticas fue de 73 por ciento, para cada prueba. Conclusiones: El uso del Cuestionario de Edimburgo modificado en la atención primaria de salud es de gran utilidad para establecer el diagnóstico clínico positivo de una claudicación intermitente por enfermedad arterial periférica(AU)


Introduction: Coordination between care levels centered in the severe, frequently and vulnerable diseases constitutes an essential element to increase the efficiency of the health system with the help of diagnostic means. Objective: To validate the modified Edinburgh Questionnaire for the diagnostic of arterial claudication in the primary health care. Methods: An assessment study of diagnostic instruments was done through of a cross-sectional, observational explicative study in a sample of 100 patients from primary health care. The study was conducted in the second semester (July-December) of 2016. A vascular physical exam was performed to all the participants where ankle- brachial pressure index was measured, the topography of the arterial occlusions of the lower limbs was identified, the modified Edinburgh Questionnaire was carried out; and the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values and the diagnostic exactitude were calculated. Results: The vascular physical exam exhibited a predominant femoro-popliteal affectation (54,8 percent) followed of the aorta-iliac (29,9 percent). In the validation of the modified Edinburgh Questionnaire it was obtained a sensitivity of 98 percent and an specificity of 31,5 percent with high probabilities of false negative. The positive predictive value was 70 percent and the negative 92 percent. The exactitude of the diagnostic test was 73 percent for each test. Conclusions: The use of the modified Edinburgh Questionnaire in the primary health care is useful to establish the positive clinical diagnostic of an intermittent arterial claudication by Peripheral Arterial Disease(AU)


Asunto(s)
Humanos , Masculino , Femenino , Atención Primaria de Salud , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Estudios Transversales , Enfermedad Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Estudio Observacional , Claudicación Intermitente/diagnóstico
13.
Rev Med Chil ; 147(5): 589-601, 2019 May.
Artículo en Español | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859891

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The Family and Community Health Model (MAIS) establishes the continuity of care as an essential principle. The Family Study, as a clinical strategy, allows to have sufficient and timely information and knowledge about users of health care services, facilitates their accompaniment and is a source of information to improve the quality of care and the management of health centers. AIM: To develop a tool to conduct family studies, devised by experts in Primary Health Care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using a qualitative method, an electronic Delphi was conducted on 24 experts on primary health care. Afterwards, the content validation was carried out with the participation of judges. RESULTS: The resulting tool considers two levels of family assessment. It allows to distinguish those families that would benefit from interventions of greater complexity than those derived from the usual care of health centers. CONCLUSIONS: The tool to perform family studies responds to the informational and continuity component of Continuity of Patient Care principle. It may be a proposal for the continuous improvement of Chilean primary care.


Asunto(s)
Técnica Delfos , Salud de la Familia/normas , Atención Primaria de Salud/normas , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto , Chile , Continuidad de la Atención al Paciente/normas , Femenino , Personal de Salud/estadística & datos numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Investigación Cualitativa , Calidad de la Atención de Salud/normas , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Factores Socioeconómicos
14.
Rev Med Chil ; 147(5): 612-617, 2019 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859893

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQDI) is one of the main instruments used to evaluate functional status in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). AIM: To assess the reliability and validity of the Spanish version of HAQDI in Chilean RA population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The questionnaire was applied to 98 patients with RA aged 44 ± 12 years (90% women). Reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha statistic for internal consistency. Construct validity was assessed by comparing total HAQDI value and eight HAQDI domains with multiple parameters of disease activity. Discriminant validity was evaluated by classifying disease activity in low, medium or high and evaluating HAQDI value in each category. Floor and ceiling effects were evaluated. To assess construct validity, principal components analysis was performed using varimax rotation. RESULTS: There were no issues in the comprehensibility of the questionnaire. Mean HAQDI score was 1.57 ± 0.66. Standardized Cronbach's Alpha was 0.883. Correlations between Chilean HAQ domains had a p value less than 0.001, and values ranged from 0.317 to 0.597. Activity parameters, DAS 28 and CDAI were significantly correlated with HAQDI domains. Mean HAQDI values were 0.98 ± 0.59,1.45 ± 0.57, and 1.90 ± 0.56 for mild, moderate and severe disease activity. A principal components analysis identified two factors that accounted for 70.0% of total variability. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that the Spanish version of HAQDI is reliable and valid and can be used in Chilean patients with RA.


Asunto(s)
Artritis Reumatoide/fisiopatología , Evaluación de la Discapacidad , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto , Chile , Femenino , Humanos , Lenguaje , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Valores de Referencia , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Estadísticas no Paramétricas
15.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 17(1): 183, 2019 Dec 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842888

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has garnered increasing interest especially for health care providers and researchers. The study aims to evaluate the HRQOL in parents of congenital heart disease (CHD) children, and to clarify the effect of the disease severity on the outcome of the HRQOL perception. Also, to analyze the internal consistency of the Arabic version of the World Health Organization (WHO) QOL-BREEF tool in order to determine whether the tool had good validity for the target population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study. The HRQOL perception was evaluated using WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire, and the internal consistency of the tool was tested using Cronbach's alpha (α-C), RESULTS: The study sample consisted of 200 individuals, 120 parents of CHD children, compared to 80 parents of children with minor illnesses (mean age of participating parents = 35.1 ± 9.8 years). While evaluating the HRQOL, the group of parents of children with minor illnesses had higher scores than the total group of parents of CHD children in all domains, indicating a better HRQOL. Class-IV subgroup of parents of CHD children showed the most significant lower total score of domains between all classes (44.47 ± 12, p < 0.001). With respect to the internal consistency of the WHOQOL-BREF, estimation of α-C values were 0.84 points for the group of parents of CHD children, and 0.87 for the group of parents of children with minor illnesses. CONCLUSIONS: This short-term study emphasized that, HRQOL scores among parents of CHD children are compromised, and the severity of their children illness significantly affect the total score of domains in their HRQOL perception. Furthermore, the tool showed to be practical and efficient to evaluate the QOL of parents of CHD children in our population in future researches.


Asunto(s)
Cardiopatías Congénitas/psicología , Padres/psicología , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto , Estudios de Casos y Controles , Niño , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Arabia Saudita , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad
16.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 17(1): 184, 2019 Dec 16.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842952

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The ASCOT-Carer and Carer Experience Scale are instruments designed to capture aspects of quality of life 'beyond health' for family carers. The aim of this study was to compare and validate these two carer care-related measures, with a secondary aim to compare both instruments to the three-level EQ-5D (EQ-5D-3 L) measure of health-related quality of life. METHODS: An interview survey was conducted with 387 carers of adults who used long-term care (also known as social care) support in England. Construct validity by hypothesis testing was assessed using Pearson correlation coefficient. Exploratory factor analysis was also applied to investigate the dimensionality of the combined items from the ASCOT-Carer and CES (as measures of carer quality of life 'beyond health') and the EQ-5D (as a measure of health-related quality of life). RESULTS: In the construct validity analysis, hypothesised differences in correlations were observed with two exceptions. The exploratory factor analysis indicated that the ASCOT-Carer, CES and EQ-5D-3 L items loaded onto three separate factors. The first factor comprised the seven ASCOT-Carer items plus two CES items (activities outside caring, support from friends and family). The second factor comprised three of the six CES items (fulfilment from caring, control over caring and getting on with the person you care for). The third factor included four of the five EQ-5D-3 L items. CONCLUSION: The findings indicate that the ASCOT-Carer, CES and EQ-5D-3 L capture separate constructs of social care-related quality of life (ASCOT-Carer) and carer experience (CES), which partially overlap in relation to activities outside caring and social support, and health-related quality of life (EQ-5D-3 L). The ASCOT-Carer and CES are both promising measures for the evaluation of social care support for carers that capture aspects of quality of life 'beyond health'. The choice of whether to use the ASCOT-Carer or CES depends on the study objectives.


Asunto(s)
Cuidadores/psicología , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto , Inglaterra , Femenino , Humanos , Cuidados a Largo Plazo/organización & administración , Cuidados a Largo Plazo/psicología , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Apoyo Social
17.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 17(1): 185, 2019 Dec 19.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856850

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated pre-defined aspects of content validity of the 18-item NCCN FACT-Ovarian Symptom Index (NFOSI-18) and its Disease-Related Symptoms-Physical (DRS-P) subscale, as clinical trial outcome tools for patients with advanced ovarian cancer. METHODS: Twenty-one women (mean age 59.5 years) diagnosed with advanced ovarian cancer completed the NFOSI-18 and participated in a cognitive interview to explore: (1) whether 'pain' and 'cramps' are considered redundant; (2) whether 'fatigue' and 'lack of energy' are overlapping concepts; (3) whether patients consider severity when responding to the item "I am bothered by constipation;" and (4) factors considered when responding to the item "I am sleeping well." Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed qualitatively. RESULTS: Pain was associated with discomfort, hurt, and life interference; 'cramps' was associated with pain, muscle tightening, and menstrual or digestive issues. Most (81%) considered the items "I have pain" and "I have cramps in my stomach area" to be more different than similar. Participants associated 'fatigue' with intense tiredness and 'lack of energy' with motivation and capability to complete daily activities. Item comparisons revealed a majority (65%) considered the items to be more different than similar. When responding to "I am bothered by constipation," patients indicated constipation severity was related to bother. Finally, patients considered disease, treatment, and other factors when responding to "I am sleeping well." CONCLUSIONS: Findings support content validity of the NFOSI-18 and its DRS-P as originally constructed. We propose an alternative scoring option that excludes the item "I am sleeping well" from the DRS-P when used as a symptom-focused index for clinical research in a regulatory context.


Asunto(s)
Neoplasias Ováricas/psicología , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Neoplasias Ováricas/fisiopatología
18.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 17(1): 187, 2019 Dec 23.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870369

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Relative to their application with adults there is currently little information about the application of preference-based health-related quality of life (HRQL) instruments among populations of young people. The Child Health Utility 9D (CHU9D) is a paediatric-specific generic preference-based HRQL instrument, recently translated and linguistically validated into Danish (CHU9D-DK). The purpose of this study was to investigate the construct validity of the CHU9D-DK in a sample of Danish high school students. METHODS: All students attending a Danish High School were invited to participate in a web-based survey in January 2018 (N = 272). The survey included the CHU9D-DK, the young adult version of the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory™ 4.0 Generic Core Scales (PedsQL), self-reported health status, presence/absence of disability/chronic diseases, life satisfaction, and socio-economic questions. CHU9D-DK utility scores were generated by employing the two scoring algorithms developed from adults in the UK and adolescents in Australia, respectively. Internal consistency, reliability and construct validity of the CHU9D-DK instrument were investigated. RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty-eight (84%) students consented to participate and completed the survey. The mean ± (standard deviation) values of the CHU9D-DK utilities were 0.84 (0.11) when the UK adult algorithm was applied and 0.70 (0.22), when the Australian adolescent algorithm was applied. The mean PedsQL score was 82.32 (13.14). The CHU9D-DK showed good internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha = 0.803). Higher levels of health status and life satisfaction were significantly associated with higher CHU9D-DK utility scores regardless of which scoring algorithm was applied (p-values < 0.001). Students living with a disability/chronic disease exhibited significantly lower utility scores relative to their healthy peers (p-values < 0.05). Higher socio-economic status (approximated by financial situation and frequency of family vacations) was also associated with higher utility scores (p-values < 0.005). CONCLUSION: The CHU9D-DK demonstrated good psychometric performance overall and shows potential as a valid and reliable instrument for assessing the HRQL of Danish young people. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03391999, Registered 15 October 2017.


Asunto(s)
Estado de Salud , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adolescente , Dinamarca , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfacción Personal , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Estudiantes/psicología , Traducciones , Adulto Joven
19.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1464, 2019 Nov 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694584

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure patients typically suffer from tremendous strain and are managed mainly in primary care. New care concepts adapted to the severity of heart failure are a challenge and need to consider health-related quality of life aspects. This is the first psychometric validation of the German EQ-5D-5L™ as a generic instrument for assessing health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a primary care heart failure patient sample. METHODS: Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was performed on the baseline EQ-5D-5L™ data from the RECODE-HF study (responses to all items from n = 3225 of 3778 patients). Basic CFA models for HRQOL were calculated based on the EQ-5D-5L™ items using the maximum likelihood (ML) and the asymptotic distribution-free method. In an extended CFA, physical activity and depression were added. The basic CFA ML model was verified for the reduced number of cases of the extended CFA model (n = 3064). In analyses of variance the association of the EQ-5D-5L™ visual analogue scale (VAS) and both the German and the British EQ-5D-5L™ crosswalk index with the SF-36 measure of general health were examined. The discriminant validity was analysed using Pearson's chi-squared tests applying the New York Heart Association classification, for the VAS and indices analyses of variance were calculated. RESULTS: In the basic CFA models the root mean square error of approximation was 0.095 with the ML method, and 0.081 with the asymptotic distribution-free method (Comparative Fit Index > 0.90 for both). Physical activity and depression were confirmed as influential factors in the extended model. The VAS and indices were strongly associated with the SF-36 measure of general health (partial eta-squared 0.525/0.454/0.481; all p <  0.001; n = 3155/3210/3210, respectively), also for physical activity and depression when included together (partial eta-squared 0.050, 0.200/0.047, 0.213/0.051 and 0.270; all p <  0.001; n = 3015/n = 3064/n = 3064, respectively). The discriminant validity analyses showed p-values < 0.001 and small to moderate effect sizes for all EQ-5D-5L™ items. Analyses of variance demonstrated moderate effect sizes for the VAS and indices (0.067/0.087/0.084; all p <  0.001; n = 3110/3171/3171). CONCLUSION: The German EQ-5D-5L™ is a suitable method for assessing HRQOL in heart failure patients.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca/psicología , Calidad de Vida , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto , Anciano , Enfermedad Crónica , Depresión/diagnóstico , Depresión/etiología , Ejercicio/psicología , Análisis Factorial , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Traducciones
20.
Med Educ Online ; 24(1): 1673596, 2019 Dec.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671286

RESUMEN

Background: Despite recommendations from survey scientists, surveys appear to be utilized in medical education without the critical step of pretesting prior to survey launch. Pretesting helps ensure respondents understand questions as survey developers intended and that items and response options are relevant to respondents and adequately address constructs, topics, issues or problems. While psychometric testing is important in assessing aspects of question quality and item performance, it cannot discern how respondents, based upon their lived experiences, interpret the questions we pose.Aim: This audit study explored whether authors of medical education journal articles within audited journals reported pretesting survey instruments during survey development, as recommended by survey scientists and established guidelines/standards for survey instrument development.Methods: Five national and international medical education journals publishing survey articles from Jan. 2014 - Dec. 2015 were audited to determine whether authors reported pretesting during survey development. All abstracts within all issues of these journals were initially reviewed. Two hundred fifty-one articles met inclusion criteria using a protocol piloted and revised prior to use.Results: The number of survey articles published per journal ranged from 11 to 106. Of 251 audited articles, 181 (72.11%) described using a new instrument without pretesting, while 17 (6.77%) described using a new instrument where items were pretested. Fifty-three (21.12%) articles described using pre-existing instruments; of these, no articles (0%) reported pretesting existing survey instruments prior to use.Conclusions: Findings from this audit study indicate that reported survey pretesting appears to be lower than that reported in healthcare journals. This is concerning, as results of survey studies and evaluation projects are used to inform educational practices, guide future research, and influence policy and program development. Findings apply to both survey developers and faculty across a range of fields, including evaluation and medical education research.


Asunto(s)
Educación Médica , Publicaciones Periódicas como Asunto/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Humanos , Proyectos Piloto , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
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