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1.
J Glob Health ; 11: 09001, 2021 Mar 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33791099

RESUMEN

Background: Crowdsourcing was recognized as having the potential to collect information rapidly, inexpensively and accurately. U-Report is a mobile empowerment platform that connects young people all over the world to information that will change their lives and influence decisions. Previous studies of U-Report's effectiveness highlight strengths in the timeliness, low cost and high credibility for collecting and sending information, however they also highlight areas to improve on concerning data representation. EquityTool has developed a simpler approach to assess the wealth quintiles of respondents based on fewer questions derived from large household surveys such as Multiple Indicators Cluster Surveys (MICS) and Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS). Methods: The methodology of Equity Tool was adopted to assess the socio-economic profile of U-Reporters (ie, enrolled participants of U-Report) in Bangladesh. The RapidPro flow collected the survey responses and scored them against the DHS national wealth index using the EquityTool methodology. This helped placing each U-Reporter who completed all questions into the appropriate wealth quintile. Results: With 19% of the respondents completing all questions, the respondents fell into all 5 wealth quintiles, with 79% in the top-two quintiles and only 21% in the lower-three resulting in an Equity Index of 53/100 where 100 is completely in line with Bangladesh equity distribution and 1 is the least in line. An equitable random sample of 1828 U-Reporters from among the regular and frequent respondents was subsequently created for future surveys and the sample has an Equity Index of 98/100. Conclusions: U-Report in Bangladesh does reach the poorest quintiles while the initial recruitment skews to respondents towards better off families. It is possible to create an equitable random sub-sample of respondents from all five wealth quintiles and thus process information and data for future surveys. Moving forward, U-Reporters from the poorly represented quintiles may be incentivized to recruit peers to increase equity and representation. In times of COVID-19, U-Report in combination with the EquityTool has the potential to enhance the quality of crowdsourced data for statistical analysis.


Asunto(s)
Colaboración de las Masas/normas , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Bangladesh , Femenino , Predicción , Humanos , Masculino , Factores Socioeconómicos
2.
Occup Ther Int ; 2021: 6658786, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33688309

RESUMEN

Background: Sensory processing supports children's development and abilities to participate in activities across contexts. Self-regulation skills may influence how children process various sensory experiences in daily life activities. The Sensory Processing and Self-Regulation Checklist (SPSRC) is a 130-item caregiver-reported checklist, covering children's essential sensory processing and self-regulation performance in daily activities. Objectives: This study examines the psychometric properties of the SPSRC (English version) in measuring the sensory processing and self-regulation abilities of children. Methods: A preliminary field testing of the SPSRC-English was conducted in a sample of n = 194 children (164 without disability and 30 with a disability) to evaluate its reliability and validity properties. Results: The SPSRC-English was shown to have high internal consistency and test-retest reliability; and good discriminant, structural, and criterion validity in the sensory processing and self-regulation abilities of children with and without disability ages 4-12 years. Conclusion: The current study provides initial evidence on the reliability and validity of SPSRC-English in measuring the sensory processing and self-regulation abilities in children with and without a disability. The SPSRC-English may provide salient information supporting the understanding of sensory processing difficulties among children.


Asunto(s)
Trastorno del Espectro Autista/diagnóstico , Lista de Verificación/normas , Discapacidades del Desarrollo/diagnóstico , Psicometría/estadística & datos numéricos , Autocontrol , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Niño , Preescolar , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Percepción , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
3.
J Pediatr Nurs ; 57: e52-e58, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33750569

RESUMEN

PURPOSE: Epilepsy affects both children and their parents, as it is a chronic disease with recurrent seizures. Parents play a key role in acceptance of the diagnosis of epilepsy by the child and compliance of the child with its treatment. Therefore, the perceptions and experiences of parents about this process are critical. The Epilepsy-Related Fears in Parents Questionnaire is one such instrument, and it has been used to measure the epilepsy-related fear experienced by parents who had children with epilepsy in Germany. This study aimed to analyze the psychometric properties of the Epilepsy-Related Fears in the Parents Questionnaire in Turkey. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 403 parents using a descriptive correlational method. The Sociodemographic Information Form and Epilepsy-Related Fears in Parents Questionnaire were used to gather data. Data analysis and evaluation were performed using factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha, and item-total score correlation. RESULTS: Seventeen items were recorded on the main scale and other items on two subscales. The two subscales recorded a variance of 55.695%. Turkish Cronbach's alpha coefficient recorded a total of 0.929. Because of confirmatory factor analysis, the model fit index results were recorded as follows: 0.94 as the Goodness-of-Fit Index and 0.92 as the Comparative Fit Index. CONCLUSIONS: The study determined that the Turkish version of the Epilepsy-Related Fears in Parents Questionnaire was a valid and reliable measurement tool. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: All health professionals can use this scale to evaluate fears of parents who have children diagnosed with epilepsy.


Asunto(s)
Epilepsia/psicología , Miedo , Padres/psicología , Psicometría/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto , Niño , Epilepsia/diagnóstico , Alemania , Humanos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Turquia
4.
Value Health ; 24(3): 413-420, 2021 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33641776

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: People with neurogenic bladder and/or bowel dysfunction experience diverse challenges that can be difficult to evaluate with standardized outcome measures. Goal attainment scaling (GAS) is an individualized, patient-centric outcome measure that enables patients/caregivers to identify and track their own treatment goals. Because creating goals de novo can be cumbersome, we aimed to develop a neurogenic bladder/bowel dysfunction goal menu to facilitate goal attainment scaling uptake and use. METHODS: We conducted a workshop with 6 expert clinicians to develop an initial menu. Individual interviews with 12 people living with neurogenic bladder and/or bowel dysfunction and 2 clinician panels with 5 additional experts aided us in refining the menu. A thematic framework analysis identified emergent themes for analysis and reporting. RESULTS: Interview participants were adults (median = 36 years, range 25-58), most with spinal cord injury (75%; 9/12). Of 24 goals identified initially, 2 (8%) were not endorsed and were removed, and 3 goals were added. Most participants listed "Impact on Life" goals (eg, Exercise, Emotional Well-Being) among their 5 most important goals (58%; 35/60). Three main themes emerged: challenges posed by incontinence, limitations on everyday life, and need for personalized care. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a clinical outcome assessment tool following a multistep process of representative stakeholder engagement. This patient-centric tool consists of 25 goals specific to people living with neurogenic bladder and/or bowel dysfunction. Asking people what matters most to them can identify important constructs that clinicians might have overlooked.


Asunto(s)
Estreñimiento/psicología , Diarrea/psicología , Evaluación de Resultado en la Atención de Salud/métodos , Planificación de Atención al Paciente , Vejiga Urinaria Neurogénica/psicología , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Evaluación de Resultado en la Atención de Salud/normas , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas
5.
Value Health ; 24(3): 404-412, 2021 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33641775

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric performance of the patient- and parent-reported measures in the International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM) Standard Set for Cleft Care, and to identify ways of improving concept coverage. METHODS: Data from 714 patients with cleft lip and/or palate, aged 8 to 9, 10 to 12.5, and 22 years were collected between November 2015 and April 2019 at Erasmus University Medical Center, Boston Children's Hospital, Duke Children's Hospital, and from participating sites in the CLEFT-Q Phase 3 study. The Standard Set includes 9 CLEFT-Q scales, the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) questionnaire, the Child Oral Health Impact Profile-Oral Symptoms Scale (COHIP-OSS), and the Intelligibility in Context Scale (ICS). Targeting, item-fit statistics, thresholds for item responses, and measurement precision (PSI) were analyzed using Rasch measurement theory. RESULTS: The proportion of the sample to score within each instruments range of measurement varied from 69% (ICS) to 92% (CLEFT-Q teeth and COHIP-OSS). Specific problems with individual items within the NOSE and COHIP-OSS questionnaires were noted, such as poor item fit to the Rasch model and disordered thresholds (6 of 10). Reliability measured with PSI was above 0.82 for the ICS and all but one CLEFT-Q scale (speech distress). PSIs were lowest for the COHIP-OSS (0.43) and NOSE questionnaire (0.35). CONCLUSION: The patient- and parent-reported components within the facial appearance, psychosocial function, and speech domains are valid measures; however, the facial function and oral health domains are not sufficiently covered by the CLEFT-Q eating and drinking, NOSE, and COHIP-OSS, and these questionnaires may not be accurate enough to stratify cleft-related outcomes.


Asunto(s)
Labio Leporino/psicología , Fisura del Paladar/psicología , Medición de Resultados Informados por el Paciente , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adolescente , Niño , Labio Leporino/cirugía , Fisura del Paladar/cirugía , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Padres/psicología , Satisfacción del Paciente , Psicometría , Calidad de Vida , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Adulto Joven
6.
Value Health ; 24(3): 443-460, 2021 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33641779

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: This review examined the psychometric performance of 4 generic child- and adolescent-specific preference-based measures that can be used to produce utilities for child and adolescent health. METHODS: A systematic search was undertaken to identify studies reporting the psychometric performance of the Child Health Utility (CHU9D), EQ-5D-Y (3L or 5L), and Health Utilities Index Mark 2 (HUI2) or Mark 3 (HUI3) in children and/or adolescents. Data were extracted to assess known-group validity, convergent validity, responsiveness, reliability, acceptability, and feasibility. Data were extracted separately for the dimensions and utility index where this was reported. RESULTS: The review included 76 studies (CHU9D n = 12, EQ-5D-Y-3L n = 20, HUI2 n = 26,HUI3 n = 43), which varied considerably across conditions and sample size. EQ-5D-Y-3L had the largest amount of evidence of good psychometric performance in proportion to the number of studies examining performance. The majority of the evidence related to EQ-5D-Y-3L was based on dimensions. CHU9D was assessed in fewer studies, but the majority of studies found evidence of good psychometric performance. Evidence for HUI2 and HUI3 was more mixed, but the studies were more limited in sample size and statistical power, which was likely to have affected performance. CONCLUSIONS: The heterogeneity of published studies means that the evidence is based on studies across a range of countries, populations and conditions, using different study designs, different languages, different value sets and different statistical techniques. Evidence for CHU9D in particular is based on a limited number of studies. The findings raise concerns about the comparability of self-report and proxy-report responses to generate utility values for children and adolescents.


Asunto(s)
Salud del Adolescente , Salud del Niño , Prioridad del Paciente/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adolescente , Niño , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Autoinforme
7.
Value Health ; 24(2): 281-290, 2021 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33518035

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: There are increasing concerns about the appropriateness of generic preference-based measures to capture health benefits in the area of mental health. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to estimate preference weights for a new measure, Recovering Quality of Life (ReQoL-10), to better capture the benefits of mental healthcare. METHODS: Psychometric analyses of a larger sample of mental health service users (n = 4266) using confirmatory factor analyses and item response theory were used to derive a health state classification system and inform the selection of health states for utility assessment. A valuation survey with members of the UK public representative in terms of age, sex, and region was conducted using face-to-face interviewer administered time-trade-off with props. A series of regression models were fitted to the data and the best performing model selected for the scoring algorithm. RESULTS: The ReQoL-Utility Index (UI) classification system comprises 6 mental health items and 1 physical health item. Sixty-four health states were valued by 305 participants. The preferred model was a random effects model, with significant and consistent coefficients and best model fit. Estimated utilities modeled for all health states ranged from -0.195 (state worse than dead) to 1 (best possible state). CONCLUSIONS: The development of the ReQoL-UI is based on a novel application of item response theory methods for generating the classification system and selecting health states for valuation. Conventional time-trade-off was used to elicit utility values that are modeled to enable the generation of QALYs for use in cost-utility analysis of mental health interventions.


Asunto(s)
Análisis Costo-Beneficio/métodos , Salud Mental/economía , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Femenino , Estado de Salud , Esperanza , Humanos , Relaciones Interpersonales , Actividades Recreativas , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Autonomía Personal , Psicometría , Factores Socioeconómicos , Adulto Joven
8.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 27, 2021 Feb 08.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33557930

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to culturally translate the Attribution Questionnaire (AQ) to the Swedish language and examine the reliability and validity of the new Swedish version to measure stigma towards disability pension applicants in the Swedish context among psychiatrists and general practitioners. METHODS: The AQ was translated from the original English version into Swedish using the recommended guidelines for cultural translation of questionnaires. Steps included forward/back-translation, use of expert committee and pretesting. Cronbach's alpha was used to determine internal consistency and structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to test the responsibility model of stigma compared to the original English version. RESULTS: 1,414 physicians completed the questionnaire (23.6%). Cultural translation resulted in many modifications to the original questionnaire to increase the external validity. Internal reliability of the AQ Swedish version (AQ-S) was 0.733 and is considered acceptable. Pity and Segregation-coercion sub-scales showed limited consistency. SEM findings show that the responsibility model of stigma is an acceptable fit for the Swedish setting. CONCLUSION: Findings show that the AQ-S is comparable to the other versions of the AQ and is a reliable measure to assess and monitor stigma among physicians in the Swedish setting. Our study shows that cultural translation does not significantly impact the validity of the questionnaire.


Asunto(s)
Comparación Transcultural , Médicos Generales/psicología , Pensiones , Estigma Social , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Actitud del Personal de Salud , Humanos , Análisis de Clases Latentes , Trastornos Mentales/rehabilitación , Psiquiatría , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Suecia
9.
AIDS Educ Prev ; 33(1): 1-15, 2021 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33617319

RESUMEN

HIV discrimination has served as a barrier to addressing the HIV epidemic and providing effective HIV treatment and care. Measuring HIV discrimination, particularly covert HIV discrimination, has proven to be complex. Adapted from a previous scale, we developed a perpetuated HIV micro-aggressions scale to assess covert forms of discriminatory beliefs among HIV-negative/unknown HIV status individuals. Factor analysis resulted in three subscales, explaining 73.58% of the scale's variance. The new scale demonstrated both convergent validity (HIV prejudice, HIV stereotypes) and discriminant validity (alcohol use, depressive symptomology). Perpetuated HIV microaggressions were significantly associated with HIV conspiracy beliefs, HIV prejudice, and HIV stereotypes. This new scale can serve as an important tool in evaluating perpetuated HIV microaggressions among HIV-negative individuals.


Asunto(s)
Agresión/psicología , Discriminación en Psicología , Infecciones por VIH/psicología , Estigma Social , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto , Femenino , Infecciones por VIH/prevención & control , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Prejuicio , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Apoyo Social , Estereotipo
10.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 16, 2021 Jan 28.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509281

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: This study aims to design and validate ten projective images of Young's Early Maladaptive Schema (EMS) domains. For this purpose, two questions are to be addressed. (1) How is the factorial structure of the projective images of EMS domains? (2) Do the images designed in the domains of disconnection and rejection, impaired autonomy and performance, impaired limits, other-directedness, and over-vigilance and inhibition have sufficient validity? METHODS: This is an applied mixed-methods exploratory study, in which the statistical population consisted of psychologists from Tehran Province in the qualitative section (n = 8) as well as other individuals aged between 18 and 65 years (mean age = 33) from Qazvin in the quantitative section (n = 102) in 2018. The research questions were analyzed through principal axis factoring with a varimax rotation, confirmatory factor analysis, Pearson correlation coefficient, and Cronbach's alpha. RESULTS: According to the results, ten images and five domains of Young's EMSs contribute to a simple structure. Accounting for 70.35% of the total variance of EMSs, the five dimensions include disconnection and rejection, impaired autonomy and performance, impaired limits, other-directedness, and over-vigilance and inhibition. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated that the designed projective images yielded acceptable construct validity.


Asunto(s)
Determinación de la Personalidad/normas , Psicometría/instrumentación , Autoimagen , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Anciano , Análisis Factorial , Humanos , Irán , Persona de Mediana Edad , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Adulto Joven
11.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 83, 2021 Jan 25.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33494719

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Postpartum maternal functioning has the potential to affect the quality of interaction between mother and child. A proper assessment of maternal functioning requires a comprehensive and accurate tool. The objective of this study was to prepare a Persian version of the Barkin Index of Maternal Functioning (BIMF) and evaluate its psychometric properties in order to determine its applicability in Iranian mothers. METHODS: The BIMF was translated into Persian and then culturally adapted for Iranian women. After evaluating face and content validity, to perform factor analysis, a cross-sectional study was conducted using the Persian version of BIMF. The data was collected from two unique groups of 250 mothers (in all 500 mothers) who had infants 2 to 12-months old and who were selected using a two-stage cluster sampling method. Factor analysis, Pearson's correlation, intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC), composite reliability (CR) and Cronbach's alpha were employed in order to evaluate structural validity and reliability. RESULTS: Exploratory factor analysis resulted in a five-factor structure consisting of 20 items. Subsequently, confirmatory factor analysis (X 2/ df = 1.61, RMSEA = 0.050, GFI = 0.91, CFI = 0.91) confirmed that the Persian version had satisfactory goodness of fit. Reliability and internal consistency were confirmed with a CR of 0.77, an ICC of 0.87 and a Cronbach's alpha of 0.81. CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicated that the Persian version of the BIMF is a valid and reliable instrument for assessing maternal functioning among Iranian mothers.


Asunto(s)
Conducta Materna/psicología , Relaciones Madre-Hijo , Periodo Posparto/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adaptación Psicológica , Adulto , Características Culturales , Femenino , Humanos , Lactante , Cuidado del Lactante/psicología , Persia , Psicometría
12.
Eval Health Prof ; 44(1): 77-86, 2021 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430623

RESUMEN

Monitoring compliance with, and understanding the factors affecting, COVID-19 preventive behaviors requires a robust index of the level of subjective likelihood that the individual will engage in key COVID-19 preventive behaviors. In this article, the psychometric properties of the COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors Index (CPBI), including its development and validation in two samples in the United Kingdom, are described. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed on data from 470 participants in the United Kingdom who provided demographic information and completed the Fear of COVID-19 Scale, the COVID-19 Own Risk Appraisal Scale (CORAS) and the CPBI. Results showed that a unidimensional, 10-item model fits the data well, with satisfactory fit indices, internal consistency and high item loadings onto the factor. The CPBI correlated positively with both fear and perceived risk of COVID-19, suggesting good concurrent validity. The CPBI is a measure of the likelihood of engaging in preventive activity, rather than one of intention or actual action. It is adaptable enough to be used over time as a monitoring instrument by policy makers and a modeling tool by researchers.


Asunto(s)
/prevención & control , Control de Enfermedades Transmisibles/métodos , Conductas Relacionadas con la Salud , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Factores de Edad , Anciano , Grupos de Población Continentales , Análisis Factorial , Miedo , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Medición de Riesgo , Factores Sexuales , Factores Socioeconómicos , Reino Unido/epidemiología , Estados Unidos/epidemiología , Adulto Joven
13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33467008

RESUMEN

Healthy ageing means optimizing opportunities that allow older individuals to participate actively in society without discrimination. Learning adaptive behaviors (AB) may be extremely important for individuals for all stages of life. The goal of this study was: (a) to create a scale for self-perceived adaptive behavior, and (b) propose percentiles for evaluating AB in older adult women. A self-perception scale was created to measure adaptive behavior. Anthropometric and physical fitness variables for 192 older Chilean women (ages 60 to 88) were collected and evaluated. Content validity reflected agreement from 0.75 to 1.0. Construct validity carried out with exploratory factor analysis (EFA) resulted in 11 dimensions with 62 items in groups. Saturation oscillated between 0.62 and 0.85 with the explanation of variation as 46.27%. Cronbach's Alpha was r = 0.83. The results indicated that the scale developed was valid and reliable for the Chilean women studied. This scale may be used to measure self-perception of AB patterns in older women. Furthermore, the percentiles allow for classification of the AB by age and anthropometric indices.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Aptitud Física , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adiposidad , Anciano , Anciano de 80 o más Años , Chile , Estudios Transversales , Análisis Factorial , Femenino , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
14.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 1, 2021 Jan 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388086

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Adapting and translating already developed tools to different cultures is a complex process, but once done, it increases the validity of the construct to be measured. This study aimed to assess the 12 items WHODAS-2 and test its psychometric properties among road traffic injury victims in Ethiopia. This study aimed to translate the 12 items WHODAS- 2 interview-based tools into Amharic and examine the psychometric properties of the new version among road traffic injury victims. METHODS: The 12 items WHODAS 2 was first translated into Amharic by two experts. Back translation was done by two English experts. A group of experts reviewed the forward and backward translation. A total of 240 patients with road traffic injury completed the questionnaires at three selected Hospitals in Amhara Regional State. Internal consistency was; assessed using Chronbach's alpha, convergent, and divergent validity, which were; tested via factor analysis. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA); was computed, and the model fit; was examined. RESULTS: The translated Amharic version 12 -items WHODAS-2 showed that good cross-cultural adaptation and internal consistency (Chronbach's α =0.88). The six factor structure best fits data (model fitness indices; CFI = 0.962, RMSEA = 0.042, RMR = 0.072, GFI = 0.961, chi-square value/degree of freedom = 1.42, TLI = 0.935 and PCLOSE = 0.68). Our analysis showed that from the six domains, mobility is the dominant factor explaining 95% of variability in disability. CONCLUSION: The 12 items interview-based Amharic version WHODAS-2; showed good cultural adaptation at three different settings of Amhara Regional State and can be used to measure dis-ability following a road traffic injury.


Asunto(s)
Actividades Cotidianas/psicología , Personas con Discapacidad/psicología , Tamizaje Masivo/estadística & datos numéricos , Psicometría/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Heridas y Traumatismos/psicología , Adolescente , Adulto , Evaluación de la Discapacidad , Etiopía , Humanos , Persona de Mediana Edad , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Traducciones , Organización Mundial de la Salud , Adulto Joven
15.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 30: e8, 2021 Jan 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33436137

RESUMEN

AIMS: Occupational Burnout (OB) is currently measured through several Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) and some of them have become widely used in occupational health research and practice. We, therefore, aimed to review and grade the psychometric validity of the five OB PROMs considered as valid for OB measure in mental health professionals (the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), the Pines' Burnout Measure (BM), the Psychologist Burnout Inventory (PBI), the OLdenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI) and the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI)). METHODS: We conducted systematic literature searches in MEDLINE, PsycINFO and EMBASE databases. We reviewed studies published between January 1980 and September 2018 following a methodological framework, in which each step of PROM validation, the reference method, analytical technics and result interpretation criteria were assessed. Using the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instruments we evaluated the risk of bias in studies assessing content and criterion validity, structural validity, internal consistency, reliability, measurement error, hypotheses testing and responsiveness of each PROM. Finally, we assessed the level of evidence for the validity of each PROM using the GRADE approach. RESULTS: We identified 6541 studies, 19 of which were included for review. Fifteen studies dealt with MBI whereas BM, PBI, OLBI and CBI were each examined in only one study. OLBI had the most complete validation, followed by CBI, MBI, BM and PBI, respectively. When examining the result interpretation correctness, the strongest disagreement was observed for MBI (27% of results), BM (25%) and CBI (17%). There was no disagreement regarding PBI and OLBI. For OLBI and CBI, the quality of evidence for sufficient content validity, the crucial psychometric property, was moderate; for MBI, BM and PBI, it was very low. CONCLUSION: To be validly and reliably used in medical research and practice, PROM should exhibit robust psychometric properties. Among the five PROMs reviewed, CBI and, to a lesser extent, OLBI meet this prerequisite. The cross-cultural validity of these PROMs was beyond the scope of our work and should be addressed in the future. Moreover, the development of a diagnostic standard for OB would be helpful to assess the sensitivity and specificity of the PROMs and further reexamine their validity.The study protocol was registered in PROSPERO (CRD 42019124621).


Asunto(s)
Agotamiento Profesional/diagnóstico , Medición de Resultados Informados por el Paciente , Psicometría/estadística & datos numéricos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Agotamiento Profesional/psicología , Agotamiento Psicológico , Humanos , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
16.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 19(1): 1, 2021 Jan 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388064

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: In a context where there is no treatment for the current COVID-19 virus, the combination of self-care behaviours together with confinement, are strategies to decrease the risk of contagion and remain healthy. However, there are no self-care measures to screen self-care activities in general population and which, could be briefly in a lockdown situation. This research aims to build and validate a psychometric tool to screen self-care activities in general population. METHODS: Firstly, an exploratory factor analysis was performed in a sample of 226 participants to discover the underlying factorial structure and to reduce the number of items in the original tool into a significant pool of items related to self-care. Later a confirmatory factor analyses were performed in a new sample of 261 participants to test for the fit and goodness of factor solutions. Internal validity, reliability, and convergent validity between its score with perceived stress and psychological well-being measures were examined on this sample. RESULTS: The exploratory analyses suggested a four-factor solution, corresponding to health consciousness, nutrition and physical activity, sleep, and intra-personal and inter-personal coping skills (14 items). Then, the four-factor structure was confirmed as the best model fit for self-care activities. The tool demonstrated good reliability, predictive validity of individuals' perception of coping with COVID-19 lockdown, and convergent validity with well-being and perceived stress. CONCLUSIONS: This screening tool could be helpful to address future evaluations and interventions to promote healthy behaviours. Likewise, this tool can be targeted to specific population self-care's needs during a scalable situation.


Asunto(s)
Adaptación Psicológica , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Autocuidado/psicología , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto , Análisis Factorial , Femenino , Estado de Salud , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Autocuidado/normas
17.
Health Informatics J ; 27(1): 1460458220975466, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33446030

RESUMEN

Nowadays, it is common for people to look for health care information on the internet. The eHealth Literacy Scale (eHEALS) is commonly used to measure eHealth literacy. As of the publication of this study, the Indonesian version for eHEALS has not been published even though eHealth literacy is necessary, especially in the current COVID-19 pandemic. We aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Indonesian version of eHEALS (I-eHEALS). A total of 100 respondents in East Java were involved in this cross-sectional study. Pearson-product moment correlation method and construct validity were used to validate the results. The reliability was determined based on the Cronbach's alpha internal consistency measurement and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The Pearson correlation analysis results are significantly higher (r > 0.254, p < 0.01) compared to the critical value table. Single factors accounting for 57.66% variance in the scales exhibit a unidimensional latent structure. The internal consistency between items is excellent as shown by the Cronbach's alpha coefficient (0.91). The ICC analysis shows an acceptable result (0.552, p < 0.01). The I-eHEALS is valid and reliable to be used for evaluating the eHealth literacy of the Indonesian population.


Asunto(s)
Alfabetización en Salud/métodos , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto , Femenino , Humanos , Indonesia , Internet , Masculino , Pandemias , Psicometría , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Telemedicina , Traducción , Adulto Joven
18.
Am J Phys Med Rehabil ; 100(4): 313-320, 2021 04 01.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33496442

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Patients with COVID-19 can present functional status and disability alterations in the medium- and long-term. On the international level, a multicentered study is being carried out to validate the Post-COVID-19 Functional Status scale for different nations, thus allowing visualizing the needs for a multidisciplinary approach and planning intervention plans. The objective of this study was to perform a linguistic validation and cross-cultural adaptation of the Post-COVID-19 Functional Status scale for people infected with COVID-19 for the Chilean population. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of scale validation was carried out. The study was performed in two phases: (1) forward-translation, reverse-translation and (2) apparent cross-validity adaptation. For the apparent validity analysis, 29 individuals who had been hospitalized in Hospital del Salvador with a COVID-19 infection diagnosis and at the time of the interview were in their homes participated. RESULTS: In phase 1 forward-translation, an item required semantical changes. The reverse-translation versions were similar, and the most relevant doubts were resolved in a consensus meeting. In phase 2, the pilot study confirmed adequate understanding and scale applicability. CONCLUSIONS: Using a systematic and rigorous methodology allowed obtaining a Spanish version of the Post-COVID-19 Functional Status scale for Chile, which is conceptually and linguistically equivalent to the original instrument and adequate to assess the functional status of people infected with COVID-19.


Asunto(s)
Actitud Frente a la Salud , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Adulto , Chile , Comparación Transcultural , Estudios Transversales , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Proyectos Piloto , Psicometría , Calidad de Vida/psicología , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados , Traducciones
19.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2130: 79-85, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33284437

RESUMEN

With the emergence of big data science, the question how we can easily collect meaningful information about circadian clock phenotypes in large human cohorts imposes itself. Here, we describe potentials and limitations of using questionnaires, specifically the Munich ChronoType Questionnaire (MCTQ), to characterize such circadian phenotypes. We also discuss scenarios when alternative methods might be more appropriate.


Asunto(s)
Ritmo Circadiano , Fenotipo , Encuestas y Cuestionarios/normas , Macrodatos , Humanos
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