Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 13.333
Filtrar
1.
J Neuroimmune Pharmacol ; 19(1): 13, 2024 Apr 13.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38613591

RESUMEN

The occurrence of major asthma symptoms is largely attributed to airway vagal hypertonia, of which the central mechanisms remain unclear. This study tests the hypotheses that endothelin-1-mediated brainstem glial activation produces asthmatic airway vagal hypertonia via enhanced action of adenosine 5'-triphosphate on neuronal purinergic P2X4 receptors. A rat model of asthma was prepared using ovalbumin. Airway vagal tone was evaluated by the recurrent laryngeal discharge and plethysmographic measurement of pulmonary function. The changes in the brainstem were examined using ELISA, Western blot, luciferin-luciferase, quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, enzyme activity assay and immunofluorescent staining, respectively. The results showed that in the medulla of rats, endothelin receptor type B and P2X4 receptors were primarily expressed in astrocytes and neurons, respectively, and both of which, along with endothelin-1 content, were significantly increased after ovalbumin sensitization. Ovalbumin sensitization significantly increased recurrent laryngeal discharge, which was blocked by acute intracisternal injection of P2X4 receptor antagonist 5-BDBD, knockdown of brainstem P2X4 receptors, and chronic intraperitoneal injection of endothelin receptor type B antagonist BQ788, respectively. Ovalbumin sensitization activated microglia and astrocytes and significantly decreased ecto-5'-nucleotidase activity in the medulla, and all of which, together with the increase of medullary P2X4 receptor expression and decrease of pulmonary function, were reversed by chronic BQ788 treatment. These results demonstrated that in rats, allergic airway challenge activates both microglia and astrocytes in the medulla via enhanced endothelin-1/endothelin receptor type B signaling, which subsequently causes airway vagal hypertonia via augmented adenosine 5'-triphosphate/P2X4 receptor signaling in central neurons of airway vagal reflex.


Asunto(s)
Asma , Polifosfatos , Receptores Purinérgicos P2X4 , Ratas , Animales , Ratas Sprague-Dawley , Endotelina-1 , Ovalbúmina/toxicidad , Asma/inducido químicamente , Tronco Encefálico , Hipertonía Muscular , Adenosina Trifosfato , Receptores de Endotelina , Adenosina
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(8)2024 Apr 10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38673771

RESUMEN

Using a lipopolysaccharide model of acute lung injury, we previously showed that endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent mediator of vasoconstriction, may act as a "gatekeeper" for the influx of inflammatory cells into the lung. These studies provided a rationale for testing the effect of HJP272, an endothelin receptor antagonist (ERA), in hamster models of pulmonary fibrosis induced by intratracheal instillation of either bleomycin (BLM) or amiodarone (AM). To determine the temporal effects of blocking ET-1 activity, animals were given HJP272 either 1 h before initiation of lung injury or 24 h afterward. The results indicated that pretreatment with this agent caused significant reductions in various inflammatory parameters, whereas post-treatment was ineffective. This finding suggests that ERAs are only effective at a very early stage of pulmonary fibrosis and explains their lack of success in clinical trials involving patients with this disease. Nevertheless, ERAs could serve as prophylactic agents when combined with drugs that may induce pulmonary fibrosis. Furthermore, developing a biomarker for the initial changes in the lung extracellular matrix could increase the efficacy of ERAs and other therapeutic agents in preventing the progression of the disease. While no such biomarker currently exists, we propose the ratio of free to peptide-bound desmosine, a unique crosslink of elastin, as a potential candidate for detecting the earliest modifications in lung microarchitecture associated with pulmonary fibrosis.


Asunto(s)
Antagonistas de los Receptores de Endotelina , Fibrosis Pulmonar , Animales , Fibrosis Pulmonar/tratamiento farmacológico , Fibrosis Pulmonar/metabolismo , Fibrosis Pulmonar/patología , Antagonistas de los Receptores de Endotelina/farmacología , Antagonistas de los Receptores de Endotelina/uso terapéutico , Bleomicina/efectos adversos , Cricetinae , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Masculino , Pulmón/patología , Pulmón/efectos de los fármacos , Pulmón/metabolismo , Humanos , Endotelina-1/metabolismo
3.
J Physiol Pharmacol ; 75(1)2024 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583435

RESUMEN

Endothelins and renal dopamine contribute to control of renal function and arterial pressure in health and various forms of experimental hypertension, the action is mediated by tonic activity of specific receptors. We determined the action mediated by endothelin type B and by dopamine D3 receptors (ETB-R, D3-R) in anaesthetized spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rats. In rats of both hypertension models infused during 60 min into the interstitium of in situ kidney were either ETB-R antagonist, BQ788 (0.67 mg kg-1 BW h-1) or D3-R antagonist, GR103691 (0.2 mg kg-1 BW h-1). Arterial pressure (MAP), renal artery blood flow (RBF, transonic probe) and renal medullary blood flow (MBF, laser-Doppler) were measured along with sodium, water and total solute excretion (UNaV, V, UosmV). Experiments with ETB-R blockade confirmed their tonic vasodilator action in the whole kidney (RBF) and medulla (MBF) in both hypertension models. In SHR only, the first evidence was provided that ETB-R specifically increases transtubular backflux of non-electrolyte solutes. In DOCA-salt rats ETB-R blockade caused an early decrease in water and salt transport whereas an increase was often reported from many previous studies. The most striking effect of D3-R blockade in SHR was a selective increase in MBF, which strongly suggested tonic vasoconstrictor action of these receptors in the renal medulla; this speaks against prevailing opinion that D3 receptors are virtually inactive in SHR. In our model variant of DOCA-salt rats of D3-R blockade clearly caused a rapid major increase in MAP in parallel with depression of renal haemodynamics.


Asunto(s)
Acetato de Desoxicorticosterona , Hipertensión , Ratas , Animales , Receptores de Dopamina D3 , Acetato de Desoxicorticosterona/farmacología , Antagonistas de los Receptores de Endotelina/farmacología , Ratas Endogámicas SHR , Hipertensión/inducido químicamente , Endotelinas/farmacología , Agua , Acetatos/farmacología , Presión Sanguínea , Endotelina-1
4.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Basis Dis ; 1870(4): 167110, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462025

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: The aortic endothelium is crucial in preserving vascular tone through endothelium-derived vasodilators and vasoconstrictors. Dysfunction in the endothelium is an early indicator of cardiovascular diseases. Our study explores the therapeutic potential of a dual-acting peptide (DAP) to co-activate Mas and pGCA receptors and restore the balance between vasodilators and vasoconstrictors on endothelial dysfunction in DOCA-salt-induced hypertensive rats. METHODS: DOCA-salt was administered to male wistar rats to induce hypertension, and various parameters, including blood pressure (BP), water intake and body weight were monitored. DAP, Ang1-7, BNP, and losartan were administered to hypertensive rats for three weeks. Histological analysis and isometric tension studies were carried out to assess endothelial function. In addition to this, we used primary aortic endothelial cells for detailed mechanistic investigations. RESULTS: DOCA-salt administration significantly elevated systolic, diastolic, mean arterial BP, and water intake whereas, downregulated the gene expression of Mas and pGCA receptors. However, DAP co-administration attenuated BP increase, upregulated the gene expression of Mas and pGCA receptors, normalized serum and urinary parameters, and effectively reduced fibrosis, inflammation, and vascular calcification. Notably, DAP outperformed the standard drug, Losartan. Our findings indicate that DAP restores aortic function by balancing the NO and ET1-induced pathways. CONCLUSION: Co-activating Mas and pGCA receptors with DAP mitigates vascular damage and enhances endothelial function, emphasizing its potential to maintain a delicate balance between vasodilatory NO and vasoconstrictor ET1 in endothelial dysfunction.


Asunto(s)
Acetato de Desoxicorticosterona , Hipertensión , Ratas , Masculino , Animales , Endotelina-1/metabolismo , Endotelina-1/farmacología , Endotelina-1/uso terapéutico , Losartán/farmacología , Losartán/uso terapéutico , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Acetato de Desoxicorticosterona/efectos adversos , Células Endoteliales/metabolismo , Vasodilatadores/efectos adversos , Endotelio Vascular/metabolismo , Ratas Wistar , Vasoconstrictores/efectos adversos , Cloruro de Sodio Dietético/efectos adversos
5.
Turk J Gastroenterol ; 35(2): 136-142, 2024 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454245

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Portal hypertension complicating liver cirrhosis is associated with vascular resistance, possibly due to overexpression of humoral vasoconstrictors, including endothelin. The study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of serum endothelin-1 levels as a noninvasive predictor of early esophageal rebleeding (within 5 days) following endoscopic treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of the patients presented to the endoscopy unit at Mansoura University Hospital, 50 patients were chosen for this study on the basis of endoscopically proven acute esophageal variceal bleeding consequent to hepatitis C viral infection complicated by liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Routine laboratory parameters and serum endothelin-1 levels were assessed prior to endoscopic treatment. Patients were divided into 2 groups depending on the development of early postendoscopic rebleeding. Group A consisted of 16 patients who developed rebleeding, while group B included 34 patients who did not. Statistical analysis was performed to determine the predictors of rebleeding. RESULTS: Multivariate logistic regression demonstrated that endothelin-1 level (P < .001) and serum albumin level (P = .04) were independent risk factors for early rebleeding. The most efficient cutoff value for endothelin-1 levels in predicting variceal rebleeding within the 5 days after endoscopic intervention was 65.29, which had an 88.2% specificity, 87.5% sensitivity, 88% accuracy, and area under the curve value of 0.89. In addition, hemoglobin, albumin, and creatinine levels were significantly different between bleeding and nonrebleeding groups (P = .03, P = .014, and P <.001, respectively), as was the duration of hospital stay (P < .001). CONCLUSION: Serum endothelin-1 levels appear to be a reliable, practical, noninvasive predictor of early variceal rebleeding and related comorbidities such as the severity of kidney affection and duration of hospital stay.


Asunto(s)
Várices Esofágicas y Gástricas , Hipertensión Portal , Humanos , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/terapia , Várices Esofágicas y Gástricas/complicaciones , Endotelina-1 , Cirrosis Hepática/complicaciones , Hipertensión Portal/complicaciones , Recurrencia , Resultado del Tratamiento
6.
Turk Neurosurg ; 34(2): 263-267, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497179

RESUMEN

AIM: To examine the effects of regulating increased blood glucose levels on plasma ET-1 levels after severe head trauma in rats. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Traumatic diffuse brain injury-induced rats were followed for 7 days and were randomly divided into two groups of 36 rats. Pre- and posttraumatic blood glucose and ET-1 levels were measured in group 1 (control). Posttraumatic blood glucose levels were maintained at normal levels using insulin and both blood glucose and ET-1 levels were measured at 2, 6, 12, 24, and 48 h and 7 days posttrauma in group 2. The study excluded animals that died and had skull fractures. RESULTS: Posttraumatic plasma ET-1 levels (n=36) were significantly higher than baseline values in group 1 (p < 0.05). ET-1 levels in group 2 at the 7-day follow-up after trauma were significantly higher than baseline values (n=36) (p < 0.05). However, the increased ET-1 levels were statistically significantly lower in group 2 than in group 1 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The increased ET-1 levels were significantly prevented by keeping blood glucose levels within normal limits with insulin after severe head trauma. Thus, secondary injury to cerebral blood flow can be prevented by reducing the occurrence of vasospasm that starts in the early posttraumatic period or by stimulating the release of nitric oxide. Therefore, further studies on the role of ET-1 and insulin in developing secondary injuries after severe head trauma would be beneficial.


Asunto(s)
Lesiones Encefálicas , Traumatismos Craneocerebrales , Insulinas , Ratas , Animales , Endotelina-1 , Glucemia , Traumatismos Craneocerebrales/complicaciones
7.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 15(1): 59, 2024 Mar 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433209

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Pericytes are multifunctional contractile cells that reside on capillaries. Pericytes are critical regulators of cerebral blood flow and blood-brain barrier function, and pericyte dysfunction may contribute to the pathophysiology of human neurological diseases including Alzheimers disease, multiple sclerosis, and stroke. Induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived pericytes (iPericytes) are a promising tool for vascular research. However, it is unclear how iPericytes functionally compare to primary human brain vascular pericytes (HBVPs). METHODS: We differentiated iPSCs into iPericytes of either the mesoderm or neural crest lineage using established protocols. We compared iPericyte and HBVP morphologies, quantified gene expression by qPCR and bulk RNA sequencing, and visualised pericyte protein markers by immunocytochemistry. To determine whether the gene expression of neural crest iPericytes, mesoderm iPericytes or HBVPs correlated with their functional characteristics in vitro, we quantified EdU incorporation following exposure to the key pericyte mitogen, platelet derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB and, contraction and relaxation in response to the vasoconstrictor endothelin-1 or vasodilator adenosine, respectively. RESULTS: iPericytes were morphologically similar to HBVPs and expressed canonical pericyte markers. However, iPericytes had 1864 differentially expressed genes compared to HBVPs, while there were 797 genes differentially expressed between neural crest and mesoderm iPericytes. Consistent with the ability of HBVPs to respond to PDGF-BB signalling, PDGF-BB enhanced and a PDGF receptor-beta inhibitor impaired iPericyte proliferation. Administration of endothelin-1 led to iPericyte contraction and adenosine led to iPericyte relaxation, of a magnitude similar to the response evoked in HBVPs. We determined that neural crest iPericytes were less susceptible to PDGFR beta inhibition, but responded most robustly to vasoconstrictive mediators. CONCLUSIONS: iPericytes express pericyte-associated genes and proteins and, exhibit an appropriate physiological response upon exposure to a key endogenous mitogen or vasoactive mediators. Therefore, the generation of functional iPericytes would be suitable for use in future investigations exploring pericyte function or dysfunction in neurological diseases.


Asunto(s)
Células Madre Pluripotentes Inducidas , Pericitos , Humanos , Becaplermina/farmacología , Endotelina-1/farmacología , Adenosina , Proliferación Celular
8.
Heart Vessels ; 39(5): 464-474, 2024 May.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38451262

RESUMEN

Resection of the left atrial appendage reportedly improves blood pressure in patients with hypertension. This study aimed to validate the transcriptional profiles of atrial genes responsible for blood pressure regulation in patients with hypertension as well as to identify the molecular mechanisms in rat biological systems. RNA sequencing data of left atrial appendages from patients with (n = 6) and without (n = 6) hypertension were subjected to unsupervised principal component analysis (PCA). Reduction of blood pressure was reflected by third and ninth principal components PC3 and PC9, and that eighteen transcripts, including endothelin-1, were revealed by PCA-based pathway analysis. Resection of the left atrial appendage in hypertensive rats improved their blood pressure accompanied by a decrease in serum endothelin-1 concentration. Expression of the endothelin-1 gene in the atrium and atrial appendectomy could play roles in blood pressure regulation in humans and rats.


Asunto(s)
Apéndice Atrial , Hipertensión , Humanos , Ratas , Animales , Presión Sanguínea , Endotelina-1 , Hipertensión/complicaciones , Atrios Cardíacos
11.
FASEB J ; 38(4): e23476, 2024 Feb 29.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334392

RESUMEN

The prevalence of alopecia has increased recently. Hair loss is often accompanied by the resting phase of hair follicles (HFs). Dermal papilla (DP) plays a crucial role in HF development, growth, and regeneration. Activating DP can revive resting HFs. Augmenting WNT/ß-catenin signaling stimulates HF growth. However, the factors responsible for activating resting HFs effectively are unclear. In this study, we investigated epidermal cytokines that can activate resting HFs effectively. We overexpressed ß-catenin in both in vivo and in vitro models to observe its effects on resting HFs. Then, we screened potential epidermal cytokines from GEO DATASETs and assessed their functions using mice models and skin-derived precursors (SKPs). Finally, we explored the molecular mechanism underlying the action of the identified cytokine. The results showed that activation of WNT/ß-catenin in the epidermis prompted telogen-anagen transition. Keratinocytes infected with Ctnnb1-overexpressing lentivirus enhanced SKP expansion. Subsequently, we identified endothelin 1 (ET-1) expressed higher in hair-growing epidermis and induced the proliferation of DP cells and activates telogen-phase HFs in vivo. Moreover, ET-1 promotes the proliferation and stemness of SKPs. Western blot analysis and in vivo experiments revealed that ET-1 induces the transition from telogen-to-anagen phase by upregulating the PI3K/AKT pathway. These findings highlight the potential of ET-1 as a promising cytokine for HF activation and the treatment of hair loss.


Asunto(s)
Folículo Piloso , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt , Animales , Ratones , Folículo Piloso/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogénicas c-akt/metabolismo , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Endotelina-1/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinasas/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Proliferación Celular , Epidermis/metabolismo , Alopecia/metabolismo , Vía de Señalización Wnt , Dermis/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(4)2024 Feb 06.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38396668

RESUMEN

Our aim was to study the association of endothelial dysfunction biomarkers with cirrhosis manifestations, bacterial translocation, and gut microbiota taxa. The fecal microbiome was assessed using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Plasma levels of nitrite, big endothelin-1, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), presepsin, and claudin were measured as biomarkers of endothelial dysfunction, bacterial translocation, and intestinal barrier dysfunction. An echocardiography with simultaneous determination of blood pressure and heart rate was performed to evaluate hemodynamic parameters. Presepsin, claudin 3, nitrite, and ADMA levels were higher in cirrhosis patients than in controls. Elevated nitrite levels were associated with high levels of presepsin and claudin 3, the development of hemodynamic circulation, hypoalbuminemia, grade 2-3 ascites, overt hepatic encephalopathy, high mean pulmonary artery pressure, increased abundance of Proteobacteria and Erysipelatoclostridium, and decreased abundance of Oscillospiraceae, Subdoligranulum, Rikenellaceae, Acidaminococcaceae, Christensenellaceae, and Anaerovoracaceae. Elevated ADMA levels were associated with higher Child-Pugh scores, lower serum sodium levels, hypoalbuminemia, grade 2-3 ascites, milder esophageal varices, overt hepatic encephalopathy, lower mean pulmonary artery pressure, and low abundance of Erysipelotrichia and Erysipelatoclostridiaceae. High big endothelin-1 levels were associated with high levels of presepsin and sodium, low levels of fibrinogen and cholesterol, hypocoagulation, increased Bilophila and Coprobacillus abundances, and decreased Alloprevotella abundance.


Asunto(s)
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Encefalopatía Hepática , Hipoalbuminemia , Humanos , Ascitis , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , ARN Ribosómico 16S , Claudina-3 , Endotelina-1 , Nitritos , Cirrosis Hepática/complicaciones , Biomarcadores , Sodio , Disbiosis/complicaciones , Fragmentos de Péptidos , Receptores de Lipopolisacáridos
13.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 968: 176343, 2024 Apr 05.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38281680

RESUMEN

Uterine contractions during labor and preterm labor are influenced by a complex interplay of factors, including hormones and inflammatory mediators. This complexity may contribute to the limited efficacy of current tocolytics for preterm labor, a significant challenge in obstetrics with 15 million cases annually and approximately 1 million resulting deaths worldwide. We have previously shown that the myometrium expresses bitter taste receptors (TAS2Rs) and that their activation leads to uterine relaxation. Here, we investigated whether the selective TAS2R5 agonist phenanthroline can induce relaxation across a spectrum of human uterine contractions and whether the underlying mechanism involves changes in intracellular Ca2+ signaling. We performed experiments using samples from pregnant women undergoing scheduled cesarean delivery, assessing responses to various inflammatory mediators and oxytocin with and without phenanthroline. Our results showed that phenanthroline concentration-dependently inhibited contractions induced by PGF2α, U46619, 5-HT, endothelin-1 and oxytocin. Furthermore, in hTERT-infected human myometrial cells exposed to uterotonics, phenanthroline effectively suppressed the increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration induced by PGF2α, U46619, oxytocin, and endothelin-1. These results suggest that the selective TAS2R5 agonist may not only significantly reduce uterine contractions but also decrease intracellular Ca2+ levels. This study highlights the potential development of TAS2R5 agonists as a new class of uterine relaxants, providing a novel avenue for improving the management of preterm labor.


Asunto(s)
Trabajo de Parto Prematuro , Contracción Uterina , Recién Nacido , Femenino , Embarazo , Humanos , Calcio/farmacología , Oxitocina/farmacología , Fenantrolinas/farmacología , Dinoprost , Ácido 15-Hidroxi-11 alfa,9 alfa-(epoximetano)prosta-5,13-dienoico/farmacología , Endotelina-1/farmacología , Miometrio
14.
Int J Med Sci ; 21(3): 439-453, 2024.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38250603

RESUMEN

The activation Gq protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) is a crucial factor contributing to maladaptive cardiac hypertrophy, and dysregulation of autophagy is implicated in its prohypertrophic effects. Previous studies have shown that diacylglycerol kinase zeta (DGKζ) can suppress cardiac hypertrophy by inhibiting the diacylglycerol (DAG)-PKC pathway in response to mechanical strain or growth agonists such as endothelin-1 (ET-1). However, the involvement of DGKζ in autophagy regulation remains poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role of DGKζ in autophagy regulation during maladaptive cardiac hypertrophy. We found that Beclin1-mediated autophagy was involved in the development of maladaptive cardiac hypertrophy and dysfunction in response to prohypertrophic challenges of transverse aortic constriction (TAC) or ET-1. Deficiency of DGKζ promoted Beclin1-mediated autophagy, aggravated adverse cardiac remodeling, and cardiac dysfunction, which could be ameliorated by genetic deletion of Beclin1 or TFEB. Mechanistically, the deficiency of DGKζ disrupted the activation of AKT/mTOR signaling, the association between mTOR and TFEB, and favored the nuclear translocation of TFEB from the cytoplasm, leading to enhanced activation of Beclin1-mediated autophagy through ULK1/Beclin1 signaling and TFEB-dependent Beclin1 transcription. Taken together, these results suggest that the mechanisms by which DGKζ alleviates pathological cardiac hypertrophy may involve the regulation of Beclin1-mediated autophagy through the mTOR/TFEB signaling pathway.


Asunto(s)
Diacilglicerol Quinasa , Transducción de Señal , Autofagia/genética , Factores de Transcripción Básicos con Cremalleras de Leucinas y Motivos Hélice-Asa-Hélice , Beclina-1/genética , Cardiomegalia/genética , Diacilglicerol Quinasa/genética , Endotelina-1 , Transducción de Señal/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinasas TOR/genética , Animales
15.
Exp Dermatol ; 33(1): e15004, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38284190

RESUMEN

The study investigated the effectiveness of EDN1 and EDN3 cytokines in the differentiation of melanocytes from hESCs. The findings showed that 100 nM EDN1 was more effective in promoting hESC to CD117+/TYR+ melanoblasts compared to 100 nM EDN3. Additionally, maintaining melanoblasts is beneficial for preserving the ability to proliferate. The study found that 10 nM EDN1 helped maintain the proliferation of melanoblasts without over maturing them into melanocytes in the late stage of differentiation. Thus, using 100 nM EDN1 in the initial stage and 10 nM EDN1 in the late stage proved to be an efficient and cost-effective method for obtaining hESC-derived melanocytes. The preliminary results suggest that EDN1 promotes melanoblast formation during the initial differentiation stage through its binding to both the EDNRB receptor and EDNRA receptor. This study provides a valuable tool for studying the development of human melanocytes and modelling the biology of disease.


Asunto(s)
Endotelina-1 , Células Madre Embrionarias Humanas , Humanos , Endotelina-1/metabolismo , Melanocitos/metabolismo , Diferenciación Celular
16.
Placenta ; 145: 51-59, 2024 Jan.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38064938

RESUMEN

INTRODUCTION: Infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) often develop pulmonary hypertension but frequently fail to respond to vasodilator therapy, for instance because of an altered pulmonary vasoreactivity. Investigating such alterations in vivo is impossible. We hypothesised that these alterations are also present in fetoplacental vessels, since both vasculatures are exposed to the same circulating factors (e.g. endothelin-1) and respond similarly to certain stimuli (e.g. hypoxia). As proof-of-concept, we compared fetoplacental vasoreactivity between healthy and CDH-affected placentas. METHODS: Fetoplacental vascular function of healthy and antenatally diagnosed left-sided CDH fetuses was assessed by wire myography. Placental expression of enzymes and receptors involved in the altered vasoreactive pathways was measured using quantitative PCR. RESULTS: CDH arteries (n = 6) constricted more strongly to thromboxane A2 agonist U46619 (p < 0.001) and dilated less to bradykinin (p = 0.01) and nitric oxide (NO)-donor sodium nitroprusside (p = 0.04) than healthy arteries (n = 8). Vasodilation to prostacyclin analogue iloprost and adenylate cyclase stimulator forskolin, and vasoconstriction to endothelin-1 were not different between both groups. Angiotensin II did not induce vasoconstriction. Phosphodiesterase inhibitors sildenafil and milrinone did not affect responses to sodium nitroprusside, forskolin, or U46619. The mRNA expression of guanylate cyclase 1 soluble subunit alpha 1 (p = 0.003) and protein kinase cyclic guanine monophosphate (cGMP)-dependent 1 (p = 0.02) were reduced in CDH versus healthy placentas. DISCUSSION: The identified changes in the thromboxane and NO-cGMP pathways in the fetoplacental vasculature correspond with currently described alterations in the pulmonary vasculature in CDH. Therefore, fetoplacental arteries may provide an opportunity to predict pulmonary therapeutic responses in infants with CDH.


Asunto(s)
Hernias Diafragmáticas Congénitas , Humanos , Animales , Femenino , Embarazo , Nitroprusiato/farmacología , Colforsina , Ácido 15-Hidroxi-11 alfa,9 alfa-(epoximetano)prosta-5,13-dienoico/farmacología , Endotelina-1 , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Modelos Animales de Enfermedad , Placenta/metabolismo , Feto/metabolismo
17.
Hypertension ; 81(4): 691-701, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38059359

RESUMEN

ET (endothelin) is a powerful vasoconstrictor 21-amino acid peptide present in many tissues, which exerts many physiological functions across the body and participates as a mediator in many pathological conditions. ETs exert their effects through ETA and ETB receptors, which can be blocked by selective receptor antagonists. ETs were shown to play important roles among others, in systemic hypertension, particularly when resistant or difficult to control, and in pulmonary hypertension, atherosclerosis, cardiac hypertrophy, subarachnoid hemorrhage, chronic kidney disease, diabetic cardiovascular disease, scleroderma, some cancers, etc. To date, ET antagonists are only approved for the treatment of primary pulmonary hypertension and recently for IgA nephropathy and used in the treatment of digital ulcers in scleroderma. However, they may soon be approved for the treatment of patients with resistant hypertension and different types of nephropathy. Here, the role of ETs is reviewed with a special emphasis on participation in and treatment of hypertension and chronic kidney disease.


Asunto(s)
Hipertensión Pulmonar , Hipertensión , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica , Humanos , Antagonistas de los Receptores de Endotelina/uso terapéutico , Endotelinas , Hipertensión/tratamiento farmacológico , Insuficiencia Renal Crónica/complicaciones , Endotelina-1/fisiología , Receptores de Endotelina , Receptor de Endotelina A
18.
Appl Biochem Biotechnol ; 196(3): 1376-1385, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37395946

RESUMEN

Vascular causes are most commonly associated with sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL). This study was performed to determine the relationship between serum endothelin-1 (ET-1), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) levels, and the degree of hearing loss in patients with SSHL. Firstly, 60 SSHL patients were admitted to The First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University. In the same period, 60 healthy subjects matching the age and gender of SSHL patients were selected as the control group. Then, serum levels of ET-1, HDL-C, and sVCAM-1 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Next, the relationship between serum levels of ET-1, HDL-C, and sVCAM-1 with clinicopathological factors and their diagnostic and prognostic values were analyzed and evaluated. Serum ET-1 and sVCAM-1 were increased, and HDL-C was decreased in patients with SSHL. Serum ET-1 and sVCAM-1 were higher and HDL-C was lower in patients aged ≥ 45 years, or severe hearing loss patients (P < 0.05). ROC analysis determined that ET-1 (AUC = 0.839), HDL-C (AUC = 0.830), and sVCAM-1 (AUC = 0.865) had excellent diagnostic values. In addition, patients with low levels of ET-1 and sVCAM-1 and high levels of HDL-C had better hearing prognosis (P < 0.05). Abnormal serum ET-1, HDL-C, and sVCAM-1 in patients with SSHL are closely related to age, and degree of hearing loss, and perform diagnostic and prognostic values.


Asunto(s)
Pérdida Auditiva Sensorineural , Pérdida Auditiva Súbita , Humanos , Pérdida Auditiva Súbita/complicaciones , Pérdida Auditiva Súbita/diagnóstico , Endotelina-1 , HDL-Colesterol , Pérdida Auditiva Sensorineural/complicaciones , Pérdida Auditiva Sensorineural/diagnóstico , Pronóstico
19.
J Dairy Sci ; 107(3): 1603-1619, 2024 Mar.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37769949

RESUMEN

Calf diarrhea, a common disease mainly induced by Escherichia coli infection, is one of the main reasons for nonpredator losses. Hence, an effective nonantibacterial approach to prevent calf diarrhea has become an emerging requirement. This study evaluated the microalgae Schizochytrium sp. (SZ) and lactoferrin (LF) as a nutrient intervention approach against E. coli O101:K99-induced preweaning calve diarrhea. Fifty 1-d-old male Holstein calves were randomly divided into 5 groups (n = 10): (1) control, (2) blank (no supplement or challenge), (3) 1 g/d LF, (4) 20 g/d SZ, or (5) 1 g/d LF plus 20 g/d SZ (LFSZ). The experimental period lasted 14 d. On the morning of d 7, calves were challenged with 1 × 1011 cfu of E. coli O101:K99, and rectum feces were collected on 3, 12, 24, and 168 h postchallenge for the control, LF, SZ, and LFSZ groups. The rectal feces of the blank group were collected on d 14. Data were analyzed using the mixed procedure of SAS (version 9.4; SAS Institute Inc.). The E. coli K99 challenge decreased the average daily gain (ADG) and increased feed-to-gain ratio (F:G) and diarrhea frequency (control vs. blank). Compared with the control group, the LFSZ group had a higher ADG and lower F:G, and the LFSZ and SZ groups had lower diarrhea frequency compared with the control group. In addition, the LFSZ and SZ groups have no differences in diarrhea frequency compared with the blank group. Compared with the control group, the blank group had lower serum nitric oxide (NO), endothelin-1, d-lactic acid (D-LA), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) concentrations, as well as serum IgG, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α levels on d 7 and 14. On d 7, compared with the control group, all treatment groups had lower serum NO level, the SZ group had a lower serum D-LA concentration, and the LF and LFSZ groups had lower serum LPS concentration. On d 14, compared with the control group, the fecal microbiota of the blank group had lower Shannon, Simpson, Chao1, and ACE indexes, the LFSZ group had lower Shannon and Simpson indexes, the SZ and LFSZ groups had a higher Chao1 index, and all treatment groups had a higher ACE index. In fecal microbiota, Bifidobacterium and Actinobacteria were negatively associated with IL-10 and d-lactate, while Akkermansia was negatively associated with endothelin-1 and positively correlated with LPS, fecal scores, and d-lactate levels. Our results indicated that LF and SZ supplements could alleviate E. coli O101:K99-induced calf diarrhea individually or in combination. Supplementing 1 g/d LF and 20 g/d SZ could be a potential nutrient intervention approach to prevent bacterial diarrhea in calves.


Asunto(s)
Escherichia coli , Interleucina-10 , Masculino , Animales , Bovinos , Lactoferrina/farmacología , Endotelina-1 , Lipopolisacáridos , Diarrea/prevención & control , Diarrea/veterinaria , Suplementos Dietéticos , Ácido Láctico , Óxido Nítrico , Alimentación Animal , Dieta/veterinaria , Destete
20.
J Card Fail ; 30(4): 580-591, 2024 Apr.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37625581

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Venous congestion (VC) is a hallmark of symptomatic heart failure (HF) requiring hospitalization; however, its role in the pathogenesis of HF progression remains unclear. We investigated whether peripheral VC exacerbates inflammation, oxidative stress and neurohormonal and endothelial cell (EC) activation in patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Two matched groups of patients with HFrEF and with no peripheral VC vs without recent HF hospitalization were studied. We modeled peripheral VC by inflating a cuff around the dominant arm, targeting ∼ 30 mmHg increase in venous pressure (venous stress test [VST]). Blood and ECs were sampled before and after 90 minutes of VST. We studied 44 patients (age 53 ± 12 years, 32% female). Circulating endothelin-1, tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6, isoprostane, angiotensin II (ang-2), angiopoietin-2, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, and CD146 significantly increased after the VST. Enhanced endothelin-1 and angiopoietin-2 responses to the VST were present in patients with vs without recent hospitalization and were prospectively associated with incident HF-related events; 6698 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA probe sets were differentially expressed in ECs after VST. CONCLUSIONS: Experimental VC exacerbates inflammation, oxidative stress, neurohormonal and EC activation and promotes unfavorable transcriptome remodeling in ECs of patients with HFrEF. A distinct biological sensitivity to VC appears to be associated with high risk for HF progression.


Asunto(s)
Insuficiencia Cardíaca Sistólica , Insuficiencia Cardíaca , Hiperemia , Humanos , Femenino , Adulto , Persona de Mediana Edad , Anciano , Masculino , Angiopoyetina 2/metabolismo , Endotelina-1 , Volumen Sistólico , Inflamación , Células Endoteliales , Estrés Oxidativo
SELECCIÓN DE REFERENCIAS
DETALLE DE LA BÚSQUEDA
...