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2.
EuroIntervention ; 16(18): e1470-e1483, 2021 Apr 02.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792544

RESUMEN

Invasive coronary physiology to select patients for coronary revascularisation has become established in contemporary guidelines for the management of stable coronary artery disease. Compared to revascularisation based on angiography alone, the use of coronary physiology has been shown to improve clinical outcomes and cost efficiency. However, recent data from randomised controlled trials have cast doubt upon the value of ischaemia testing to select patients for revascularisation. Importantly, 20-40% of patients have persistence or recurrence of angina after angiographically successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This state-of-the-art review is focused on the transitioning role of invasive coronary physiology from its use as a dichotomous test for ischaemia with fixed cut-points, towards its utility for real-time guidance of PCI to optimise physiological results. We summarise the contemporary evidence base for ischaemia testing in stable coronary artery disease, examine emerging indices which allow advanced physiological guidance of PCI, and discuss the rationale and evidence base for post-PCI physiological assessments to assess the success of revascularisation.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Angina de Pecho , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/cirugía , Humanos , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea/efectos adversos , Resultado del Tratamiento
3.
Glob Heart ; 16(1): 15, 2021 02 17.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33833939

RESUMEN

Background: SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has modified the cardiovascular care of ambulatory patients. The aim of this survey was to study changes in lifestyle habits, treatment adherence, and mental health status in patients with cardiometabolic disease, but no clinical evidence of COVID-19. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in ambulatory patients with cardiometabolic disease using paper/digital surveys. Variables investigated included socioeconomic status, physical activity, diet, tobacco use, alcohol intake, treatment discontinuation, and psychological symptoms. Results: A total of 4,216 patients (50.9% males, mean age 60.3 ± 15.3 years old) from 13 Spanish-speaking Latin American countries were enrolled. Among the study population, 46.4% of patients did not have contact with a healthcare provider, 31.5% reported access barriers to treatments and 17% discontinued some medication. Multivariate analysis showed that non-adherence to treatment was more prevalent in the secondary prevention group: peripheral vascular disease (OR 1.55, CI 1.08-2.24; p = 0.018), heart failure (OR 1.36, CI 1.05-1.75; p = 0.017), and coronary artery disease (OR 1.29 CI 1.04-1.60; p = 0.018). No physical activity was reported by 38% of patients. Only 15% of patients met minimum recommendations of physical activity (more than 150 minutes/week) and vegetable and fruit intake. Low/very low income (45.5%) was associated with a lower level of physical activity (p < 0.0001), less fruit and vegetables intake (p < 0.0001), more tobacco use (p < 0.001) and perception of depression (p < 0.001). Low educational level was also associated with the perception of depression (OR 1.46, CI 1.26-1.70; p < 0.01). Conclusions: Patients with cardiometabolic disease but without clinical evidence of COVID-19 showed significant medication non-adherence, especially in secondary prevention patients. Deterioration in lifestyle habits and appearance of depressive symptoms during the pandemic were frequent and related to socioeconomic status.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/terapia , Depresión/psicología , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Dieta , Dislipidemias/terapia , Ejercicio Físico , Cumplimiento y Adherencia al Tratamiento/estadística & datos numéricos , Adulto , Anciano , Consumo de Bebidas Alcohólicas/epidemiología , Arritmias Cardíacas/terapia , Fumar Cigarrillos/epidemiología , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/terapia , Escolaridad , Femenino , Accesibilidad a los Servicios de Salud , Insuficiencia Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Hipertensión/terapia , América Latina/epidemiología , Masculino , Salud Mental , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pacientes Ambulatorios , Enfermedades Vasculares Periféricas/terapia , Prevención Secundaria , Clase Social , Encuestas y Cuestionarios
4.
Kardiologiia ; 61(3): 4-11, 2021 Mar 30.
Artículo en Ruso, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849412

RESUMEN

Aim        To determine diagnostic capabilities of left ventricular (LV) global longitudinal systolic strain (GLSS) in stress echocardiography (stress-EchoCG) with a treadmill test for diagnosing the functional significance of the degree of coronary stenosis.Material and methods        The study included 121 patients (73 men aged 68.3±7.7 years) with suspected or previously diagnosed ischemic heart disease (IHD). Speckle-tracking stress-EchCG (method of tracking speckles on two-dimensional gray-scale ultrasonic images) with a treadmill test and coronarography was performed for all patients. The patients were divided into 3 groups based on the severity of coronary artery (CA) stenosis according to the Gensini scale.Results   LV GLSS at rest did not significantly differ between the study groups. After the exercise, LV GLSS was significantly lower in patients with pronounced CA stenosis than in patients without or with moderate CA stenosis (15.9±4.6 % vs. 20.6±3.7 % (p<0.001) and 19.6±3.0 % (p=0.003), respectively). Postexercise LV GLSS <16.9% suggested a pronounced CA stenosis with a sensitivity of 80% and a specificity of 70% (area under the curve, AUC, 0.76±0.06 at 95 % confidence interval, CI, 0.63-0.89; р<0.001). In the patient group without CA stenosis, LV GLSS showed a significant increase after completion of the exercise (from 19.1±3.1 to 20.6±3.7; p=0.04).Conclusion            Evaluation of LV GLSS and its dynamics in stress-EchoCG with a treadmill test may be promising in patients with IHD, since in most patients with pronounced CA stenosis, LV GLSS is reduced at baseline and further reduces in response to exercise. In patients without CA stenosis, LV GLSS increases after completing the exercise.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Estenosis Coronaria , Disfunción Ventricular Izquierda , Anciano , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Estenosis Coronaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Ecocardiografía , Ecocardiografía de Estrés , Prueba de Esfuerzo , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Reproducibilidad de los Resultados
5.
Kardiologiia ; 61(3): 30-35, 2021 Mar 30.
Artículo en Ruso, Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33849416

RESUMEN

Aim        To compare results of computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) with a table of pretest probability of chronic coronary syndrome (CCS) taking into account the following key variants: abnormality, microvascular damage, nonobstructive or obstructive atherosclerotic damage.Material and methods        50 patients (39 men, 20 women) aged 30 to 67 years were evaluated with a computed tomography scanner PHILIPS Brilliance iCT SP 128. A high pretest probability of ischemic heart disease was found in 44 % of cases and medium in 40%.Results   According to CCS data, coronary artery (CA) pathology was not found in 28 % of patients. CA hypoplasia was observed in 4 % of patients. 22 % of patients had muscular bridges narrowing the CA lumen during systole by 40-50%. In 26 % of cases, CA had minimal and early stenoses. Moderate and pronounced stenoses were observed in 20% of cases. In one case, there was a total occlusion of the circumflex branch. Calcinates were found in 9.1 % of patients with muscular bridges, in 61.5 % of patients with minimal and early stenoses, and in 80% of patients with moderate and pronounced stenoses. In the group with "clean" CA and congenital defects, calcinates were absent. The mean value of pretest probability was the highest in the patient group with moderate and pronounced stenoses, 22.5±13.13. It was significantly higher than in the group with muscular bridges (р=0.045) and congenital pathology of CA (р=0.01). At the same time, this value did not significantly differ from the group with "clean" CA and the group with minimal and early stenoses. Based on the study results, 2 bypass surgeries and 5 CA stentings were performed.Conclusion            Thus, the table of pretest probability of ischemic heart disease does not provide a differential diagnosis and evaluation of the nature of CA damage as compared to results of CTCA.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Adulto , Anciano , Angiografía Coronaria , Femenino , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Valor Predictivo de las Pruebas , Probabilidad , Tomografía Computarizada por Rayos X
6.
Wiad Lek ; 74(1): 11-16, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33851579

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: The aim: Of this study was to improve the efficiency of complex medicamental treatment of generalized periodontitis (GP) in patients with concomitant CAD using of differentiated immunotropic therapy, especially herbal medicine «Immuno-ton¼. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Material and methods: 130 patients with GP were observed (43 without and 81 with chronic CAD - stable angina, functional classes II-III (CCS)) with detection of oral hygiene indices for Green-Vermillion, inflammation of gums PMA, bleeding of gums PBI, depth of periodontal pockets (determined by direct method). The levels of TNF-α and sPECAM-1 in gingival fluid were detected by ELISA method. RESULTS: Results: The following article is dedicated to studying on the effectiveness of the proposed method of GP I and II degree of development treatment in patients with a concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD) using of herbal medicines with immunomodulating effect. The offered methods provide disappearance of clinical signs of inflammation in the periodontal tissues and prevention of inflammation recurrence in the long terms. Also, it was proved that usage of the forward method of the GP immunotropic therapy with including of herbal immunomodulators leads to normalization of dynamics of tumor necrosis factor -alfa (TNF-α) and soluble platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule -1 (sPECAM-1) in oral fluid of abovementioned contingent of patients. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The progression of generalized periodontitis in patients with stable coronary heart disease is accompanied with manifestation of systemic inflammation, which have been reduced by immunomodulator Immuno-Ton and extratemporal gel with "Enterosgel" and herbal concentrate "Dzherelo".


Asunto(s)
Periodontitis Crónica , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Periodontitis , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/complicaciones , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/tratamiento farmacológico , Humanos , Bolsa Periodontal , Periodontitis/complicaciones , Periodontitis/tratamiento farmacológico , Periodoncio , Factor de Necrosis Tumoral alfa
8.
Angiol Sosud Khir ; 27(1): 143-150, 2021.
Artículo en Ruso | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825741

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: According to a series of studies, performing coronary endarterectomy in direct myocardial revascularization increases the risk of myocardial infarction and in-hospital mortality. There are no commonly accepted indications for carrying out endarterectomy, and in clinical practice this technique is used in severe diffuse lesions of coronary arteries. AIM: The study was aimed at assessing in-hospital clinical outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with the use of endarterectomy in patients with severe multiple diffuse lesions of coronary arteries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a single-centre retrospective study enrolling a total of 205 patients presenting with multiple diffuse lesions and subjected to CABG procedures. Of these, after excluding those with severe concomitant pathology (n=28), 177 were enrolled and divided into 2 groups: 76 patients during formation of a coronary anastomosis were subjected to forced endarterectomy from the native channel (Group 1, n=76) and the remaining patients to prolonged anastomosis and/or bypass grafting of distal branches of the diffusely damaged artery (Group 2, n=101). In-hospital outcomes were analysed in both groups. RESULTS: The demographic and clinical characteristics were comparable by all parameters except for age: Group 1 patients were older (66.3±8.4 vs 63.0±8.5, p<0.05). The groups were comparable by severity of coronary lesions by both the SYNTAX Score and diffuse lesion index. The incidence of perioperative myocardial infarction during coronary endarterectomy (Group 1) amounted to 9.2% (7/71) and in the group without endarterectomy (Group 2) to 0. There were no cases of in-hospital mortality in either group. CONCLUSION: In severe diffuse coronary lesions, endarterectomy combined with CABG makes it possible to perform adequate myocardial revascularization. Performing endarterectomy from coronary arteries is associated with an increased risk for the development of myocardial infarction, but its use is justified if it is impossible to create an anastomosis by means of other techniques.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Vasos Coronarios , Puente de Arteria Coronaria/efectos adversos , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/cirugía , Vasos Coronarios/diagnóstico por imagen , Vasos Coronarios/cirugía , Endarterectomía/efectos adversos , Hospitales , Humanos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Resultado del Tratamiento
9.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33800972

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: Due to the strong relationship between stress and heart disease, particularly acute myocardial infarction (MI), this study investigated the complexity of coronary artery disease (CAD) among Syrian refugee patients referred to Jordan University Hospital and its relation to war-related stressors. METHODS: This is a retrospective study that utilized the SYNTAX I score in order to evaluate all Syrian refugees that underwent coronary artery catheterization at Jordan University Hospital during the period between May of 2014 and December of 2017. RESULTS: There was a significant association between war-related stressors and high SYNTAX score (SX score), thus indicating a higher complexity of CAD in Syrian war survivors with higher stress scores. The strongest war-related correlation was observed with crossing green-lines, in which Syrian refugee patients who had crossed such lines had significantly higher SYNTAX scores. Regression analysis demonstrated that war stressors were positive predictors of increased SYNTAX scores even when adjusted for conventional CAD risk factors. Surprisingly, none of the CAD risk factors were significantly associated with SYNTAX score. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that exposure to multiple war-related stressors may increase the complexity and severity of CAD in Syrian war survivors. Thus, special attention, efforts, and resources should be allocated to screen for such vulnerable patients in order to provide them with the appropriate healthcare.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Angiografía Coronaria , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/epidemiología , Humanos , Jordania , Estudios Retrospectivos , Índice de Severidad de la Enfermedad , Sobrevivientes
10.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33803664

RESUMEN

Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) volume is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD). Data regarding the influence of extremely intensive training on CVD are scarce. We compared EAT volume among ultra-marathon runners and in the sedentary control group, and assessed the correlations between EAT and risk factors of coronary artery disease (CAD). EAT volume around three main coronary vessels and right ventricle (RV) was measured in 30 healthy amateur ultrarunners and 9 sex- and age-matched sedentary controls using cardiac magnetic resonance. In addition, body composition, lipid profile, interleukin-6 (IL-6) plasma concentration, and intima-media thickness (IMT) were measured as well. The EAT volume was lower in all measured locations in the ultrarunners' group compared to control group (p < 0.001 for all). Ultrarunners had lower BMI and fat percentage (FAT%) and more favorable lipid profile compared to the control group (p < 0.05 for all). Ultrarunners had lower rate of pathologically high levels of plasma IL-6 (>1 pg/mL) compared to the control group (17% vs. 56%, p < 0.05). IMT was similar in both groups. In the ultrarunners' group, there was a positive correlation between EAT surrounding left anterior descending artery, circumflex artery, and RV and FAT%, and between EAT around circumflex artery and LDL and non-HDL cholesterol (p < 0.05 for all). In summary, extremely intensive training may decrease the risk of cardiovascular events in adult population of amateur athletes by reducing the amount and pro-inflammatory activity of EAT. However, more research is needed to draw firm conclusions regarding the anti- and pro-inflammatory effects of intensive training.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedades Cardiovasculares , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Tejido Adiposo , Adulto , Enfermedades Cardiovasculares/epidemiología , Grosor Intima-Media Carotídeo , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/epidemiología , Humanos , Proyectos Piloto , Factores de Riesgo
11.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 110(6): 313-323, 2021 Apr.
Artículo en Alemán | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906440

RESUMEN

The Role of Percutaneous Coronary Revascularization in Chronic Coronary Syndromes Abstract. Coronary heart disease represents the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Optimal management of these patients is therefore crucial and includes lifestyle changes, optimal medical therapy, and coronary revascularization. This review summarizes diagnostic and therapeutic strategies of patients with chronic coronary syndromes, focusing on the 2019 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines for the diagnosis and management of chronic coronary syndromes. In particular, the role of invasive assessment and coronary revascularization in chronic coronary syndromes is discussed.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Enfermedad Coronaria , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Enfermedad Coronaria/terapia , Corazón , Humanos , Síndrome
13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(15): 1064-1070, 2021 Apr 20.
Artículo en Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33878833

RESUMEN

Objective: To investigate the application status of optimal medical therapy (OMT) in patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and its influence on the 1-year prognosis of patients after surgery. Methods: Data of 3 812 patients diagnosed with coronary heart disease by coronary angiography and successfully completed PCI in the Department of Cardiology, TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital from October 2016 to September 2017 were prospectively collected. The OMT status and the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) during the hospitalization and 1, 6, and 12 months after discharge were recorded. Patients were divided into OMT group (n=1 299) and non-OMT group (n=2 289) according to their adherence to OMT after PCI. Chi-square test was used to compare the differences of MACCE between groups, and to screen for significant differences and clinically significant variables between groups. Cox regression model was used to analyze the influencing factors of MACCE after PCI. Results: Among 3 588 patients (224 cases lost to follow-up), 58.8% (2 110/3 588) used OMT during hospitalization after PCI, and 36.0% (1 293/3 588) still adhered to OMT after 12 months of follow-up. The utilization rates of OMT showed a decreasing trend, among which till the 12th month, ß-blockers and ACEI/ARB showed the greatest decreasing degree, from 75.3%(2 701/3 588) and 75.1%(2 692/3 588) to 59.1%(2 122/3 588) and 53.0%(1 903/3 588). Pearson χ2 analysis showed that elderly patients, the number of amalgamative diseases, history of PCI, history of chronic myocardial infarction, history of chronic renal insufficiency, the lesion counts, lesion type, the Gensini score, adhere to the OMT and smoking during the follow-up were related to postoperative MACCE, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Cox regression model showed that OMT adherence after PCI was an independent protective factor for postoperative MACCE events (HR=0.471,95%CI: 0.300-0.734, P=0.001). Conclusion: The application of OMT after PCI was suboptimal, and the application rate decreased with the lengthening of the discharge time, among which the use of ACEI/ARB and ß-blockers deserved more attention. Adherence to OMT after PCI was an independent protective factor, which could reduce the incidence of postoperative MACCE and improve the prognosis of patients.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Anciano , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina , Inhibidores de la Enzima Convertidora de Angiotensina , Humanos , Pronóstico , Resultado del Tratamiento
14.
Crit Care ; 25(1): 158, 2021 04 26.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902676

RESUMEN

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has resulted in high mortality worldwide. Information regarding cardiac markers for precise risk-stratification is limited. We aim to discover sensitive and reliable early-warning biomarkers for optimizing management and improving the prognosis of COVID-19 patients. METHODS: A total of 2954 consecutive COVID-19 patients who were receiving treatment from the Wuhan Huoshenshan Hospital in China from February 4 to April 10 were included in this retrospective cohort. Serum levels of cardiac markers were collected after admission. Coronary artery disease diagnosis and survival status were recorded. Single-cell RNA-sequencing and bulk RNA-sequencing from different cohorts of non-COVID-19 were performed to analyze SARS-CoV-2 receptor expression. RESULTS: Among 2954 COVID-19 patients in the analysis, the median age was 60 years (50-68 years), 1461 (49.5%) were female, and 1515 (51.3%) were severe/critical. Compared to mild/moderate (1439, 48.7%) patients, severe/critical patients showed significantly higher levels of cardiac markers within the first week after admission. In severe/critical COVID-19 patients, those with abnormal serum levels of BNP (42 [24.6%] vs 7 [1.1%]), hs-TNI (38 [48.1%] vs 6 [1.0%]), α- HBDH (55 [10.4%] vs 2 [0.2%]), CK-MB (45 [36.3%] vs 12 [0.9%]), and LDH (56 [12.5%] vs 1 [0.1%]) had a significantly higher mortality rate compared to patients with normal levels. The same trend was observed in the ICU admission rate. Severe/critical COVID-19 patients with pre-existing coronary artery disease (165/1,155 [10.9%]) had more cases of BNP (52 [46.5%] vs 119 [16.5%]), hs-TNI (24 [26.7%] vs 9.6 [%], α- HBDH (86 [55.5%] vs 443 [34.4%]), CK-MB (27 [17.4%] vs 97 [7.5%]), and LDH (65 [41.9%] vs 382 [29.7%]), when compared with those without coronary artery disease. There was enhanced SARS-CoV-2 receptor expression in coronary artery disease compared with healthy controls. From regression analysis, patients with five elevated cardiac markers were at a higher risk of death (hazards ratio 3.4 [95% CI 2.4-4.8]). CONCLUSIONS: COVID-19 patients with pre-existing coronary artery disease represented a higher abnormal percentage of cardiac markers, accompanied by high mortality and ICU admission rate. BNP together with hs-TNI, α- HBDH, CK-MB and LDH act as a prognostic biomarker in COVID-19 patients with or without pre-existing coronary artery disease.


Asunto(s)
Biomarcadores/sangre , /terapia , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/sangre , Anciano , China/epidemiología , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/epidemiología , Femenino , Hospitalización , Humanos , Masculino , Persona de Mediana Edad , Pronóstico , Estudios Retrospectivos , Medición de Riesgo/métodos
15.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(3): 249-256, 2021 Mar 28.
Artículo en Inglés, Chino | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33927071

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effect of hyperlipoproteinemia (α) on immediate expansion after coronary stent implantation guided by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). METHODS: A total of 160 patients (175 lesions) with coronary heart disease diagnosed by coronary artery angiography, who were performed percutaneous intervention guided by IVUS in the Department of Cardiology, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, were enrolled retrospectively.According to the concentration of lipoproteina, the patients were divided into 2 groups: a hyperlipoproteinemia (α) group and a control group. Cardiac ejection fraction was measured with echocardiography. Logistic regression was used to analyze the influential factors for hyperlipoproteinemia (α). The target vessel was examined by IVUS to analyze the immediate expansion effect of hyperlipoproteinemia (α) after stent implantation. RESULTS: The mean stent expansion index, lesion length, stent number, stent symmetry index and posterior balloon diameter were (94.73±18.9)%, (52.92±29.1) mm, (2.11±0.85), (83.62±13.07)%, and (9.46±2.00) mm in the hyperlipoproteinemia (α) group, respectively. Compared with the control group, there were significantly difference (all P<0.05). Multivariable regression analysis showed that the decreased creatinine clearance rate was an independent risk factor for hyperlipoproteinemia (α) (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Hyperlipoproteinemia (α) appears to be a predictor of stent underexpansion, and the decreased creatinine clearance rate is an independent risk factor for hyperlipoproteinemia (α).


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Angiografía Coronaria , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/diagnóstico por imagen , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/cirugía , Humanos , Lipoproteínas , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea/efectos adversos , Estudios Retrospectivos , Factores de Riesgo , Stents/efectos adversos , Resultado del Tratamiento , Ultrasonografía Intervencional
18.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 19: eAO5565, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés, Portugués | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729285

RESUMEN

OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with the high complexity of medication regimen in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a multiprofessional cardiology outpatient clinic, in the Secondary Care of the Unified Health System, where sociodemographic (age, sex, and education), clinical (number of health conditions, cardiovascular diagnoses, and comorbidities) and pharmacotherapeutic (adherence, polypharmacy, and cardiovascular polypharmacy) characteristics were collected. These were related to complexity of medication regimen, measured through the medication regimen complexity index. The classification of high complexity of medication regimen was carried out using standardization for the older adults and stratification for adult patients, as suggested in the literature. RESULTS: The total complexity medication regimen of 148 patients had a median of 17.0 (interquartile range of 10.5). In the univariate analysis, the factors associated with high complexity were heart failure, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, five or more diseases, and non-adherence to treatment. In the final model, after logistic regression, there was a statistically significant association (p<0.05) with the variables diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and non-adherence. CONCLUSION: The high complexity of medication regimen in patients with coronary artery disease was associated with the presence of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and reports of non-adherence to treatment.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Cumplimiento de la Medicación , Polifarmacia , Comorbilidad , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/tratamiento farmacológico , Estudios Transversales , Diabetes Mellitus , Humanos , Hipertensión , Modelos Logísticos
19.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 122(4): 287-292, 2021.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33729823

RESUMEN

AIM: Biomechanical stress plays an essential role in coronary atherosclerosis (CAS), however, inter-relations between mechanical conditions and gene expressions remain unclear. METHODS: We constructed finite element model of CAS to map human wall shear stress (WSS). Biopsy aortic tissue samples were obtained from 3 CAS patients. Gene expression pattern in CAS was analyzed by GEO datasets. Immunofluorescence staining and western blot confirmed protein expression and localization. RESULTS: Peak WSS was significantly increased in the vessel stenosis of CAS at 0.25 s (mean 55.1 Pa). Analyses results of GSE76275 showed matrix metalloproteinases1 (MMP1) and phosphodiesterase-2A (PDE2A) up-regulation in endothelial shear responsiveness, which was further validated and localized in vascular endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells and other cells by double immunofluorescence staining. Western blotting assay demonstrated up-regulation of MMP1 and PDE2A expression dependent on the WSS. CONCLUSIONS: MMP1 and PDE2A up-regulations rely on increased WSS in development and risk of CAS, suggesting that their elevation may be potential target for diagnosis and treatment (Fig. 3, Ref. 28).


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/genética , Fosfodiesterasas de Nucleótidos Cíclicos Tipo 2 , Células Endoteliales , Expresión Génica , Humanos , Metaloproteinasa 1 de la Matriz/genética , Estrés Mecánico
20.
Ann Intern Med ; 174(3): JC27, 2021 03.
Artículo en Inglés | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33646845

RESUMEN

SOURCE CITATION: Gaudino M, Hameed I, Farkouh ME, et al. Overall and cause-specific mortality in randomized clinical trials comparing percutaneous interventions with coronary bypass surgery: a meta-analysis. JAMA Intern Med. 2020;180:1638-46. 33044497.


Asunto(s)
Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria , Intervención Coronaria Percutánea , Causas de Muerte , Puente de Arteria Coronaria , Enfermedad de la Arteria Coronaria/cirugía , Humanos , Ensayos Clínicos Controlados Aleatorios como Asunto
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